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Endogenous opioids: role in prostaglandin-dependent and -independent fever

FRAGA, Daniel; MACHADO, Renes R.; FERNANDES, Luiz C.; SOUZA, Gloria E. P.; ZAMPRONIO, Aleksander R.
Fonte: AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC Publicador: AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
This study evaluated the participation of mu-opioid-receptor activation in body temperature (T-b) during normal and febrile conditions (including activation of heat conservation mechanisms) and in different pathways of LPS-induced fever. The intracerebroventricular treatment of male Wistar rats with the selective opioid mu-receptor-antagonist cyclic D-Phe-Cys-Try-D-Trp-Arg-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH2 (CTAP; 0.1-1.0 mu g) reduced fever induced by LPS (5.0 mu g/kg) but did not change Tb at ambient temperatures of either 20 C or 28 C. The subcutaneous, intracerebroventricular, and intrahypothalamic injection of morphine (1.0 -10.0 mg/kg, 3.0 -30.0 mu g, and 1 -100 ng, respectively) produced a dose-dependent increase in Tb. Intracerebroventricular morphine also produced a peripheral vasoconstriction. Both effects were abolished by CTAP. CTAP (1.0 mu g icv) reduced the fever induced by intracerebroventricular administration of TNF-alpha (250 ng), IL-6 (300 ng), CRF (2.5 mu g), endothelin-1 (1.0 pmol), and macrophage inflammatory protein (500 pg) and the first phase of the fever induced by PGF(2 alpha) (500.0 ng) but not the fever induced by IL-1 beta (3.12 ng) or PGE(2) (125.0 ng) or the second phase of the fever induced by PGF(2 alpha). Morphine-induced fever was not modified by the cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor indomethacin (2.0 mg/kg). In addition...

Central substance P NK(1) receptors are involved in fever induced by LPS but not by IL-1 beta and CCL3/MIP-1 alpha in rats

REIS, R. C.; BRITO, H. O.; FRAGA, D.; CABRINI, D. A.; ZAMPRONIO, A. R.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
Substance P (SP) is a neuropeptide that can modulate inflammatory mediator release through activation of NK(1) receptors (NK(1)R). Some studies have also suggested the involvement of SP in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fever. However, the precise contribution of this neuropeptide to the pathways activated during fever is unknown. In this study we investigated the effect of a selective NK(1)R antagonist, SR140333B, on the febrile response induced by LPS and cytokines. Our results show that the systemic injection of SR140333B did not modify the fever induced by LPS at a dose that is able to reduce protein extravasation induced by SP in the skin. On the other hand, intracerebroventricular administration of 5R140333B significantly reduced the fever induced by peripheral injection of LPS. These data emphasize an important role for SP in the central nervous system during the febrile response to LPS, and are reinforced by the fact that intracerebroventricular injection of SP also induced fever in a dose-dependent manner in captopril-treated rats. Considering that the febrile response can result from the generation of several endogenous pyrogens, among them interleukin (IL)-1 beta and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (CCL3/MIP-1 alpha)...

Involvement of PGE(2) and RANTES in Staphylococcus aureus-induced fever in rats

Martins, Juliano M.; Longhi-Balbinot, Daniela T.; Soares, Denis M.; Figueiredo, Maria Jose; Malvar, David do C.; de Melo, Miriam C. C.; Rae, Giles A.; Souza, Gloria E. P.
Fonte: AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC; BETHESDA Publicador: AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC; BETHESDA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
Martins JM, Longhi-Balbinot DT, Soares DM, Figueiredo MJ, Malvar D do C, de Melo MC, Rae GA, Souza GE. Involvement of PGE(2) and RANTES in Staphylococcus aureus-induced fever in rats. J Appl Physiol 113: 1456-1465, 2012. First published August 30, 2012; doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00936.2011.-This study investigated the involvement of prostaglandins and regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), in fever induced by live Staphylococcus aureus (no. 25923, American Type Culture Collection) injection in rats. S. aureus was injected intraperitoneally at 10(9), 10(10), and 2 x 10(10) colony-forming units (CFU)/cavity, and body temperature (T-b) was measured by radiotelemetry. The lowest dose of S. aureus induced a modest transient increase in T-b, whereas the two higher doses promoted similar long-lasting and sustained T-b increases. Thus, the 10(10) CFU/cavity dose was chosen for the remaining experiments. The T-b increase induced by S. aureus was accompanied by significant decreases in tail skin temperature and increases in PGE(2) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and hypothalamus but not in the venous plasma. Celecoxib (selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, 2.5 mg/kg po) inhibited the fever and the increases in PGE(2) concentration in the CSF and hypothalamus induced by S. aureus. Dipyrone (120 mg/kg ip) reduced the fever from 2.5 to 4 h and the PGE(2) increase in the CSF but not in the hypothalamus. S. aureus increased RANTES in the peritoneal exudate but not in the CSF or hypothalamus. Met-RANTES (100 mu g/kg iv)...

A crucial role for IL-6 in the CNS of rats during fever induced by the injection of live E. coli

Soares, Denis M.; Figueiredo, Maria Jose; Martins, Juliano Manvailer; Machado, Renes Resende; Sorgi, Carlos; Faciolli, Lucia Helena; Alves-Filho, Jose C.; Cunha, Fernando Q.; Souza, Gloria E. P.
Fonte: SPRINGER; NEW YORK Publicador: SPRINGER; NEW YORK
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
Interleukin (IL)-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and IL-6 have been established as important mediators of fever induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria. Whether these pro-inflammatory cytokines are also important in mediating fever induced by live bacteria remains less certain. We therefore investigated the following: (1) the synthesis of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6 during E. coli-induced fever and (2) the effect of blocking the action of cytokines within the brain on E. coli-induced fever. Body or tail skin temperature (bT or Tsk, respectively) was measured by biotelemetry or telethermometry, every 30 min, during 6 or 24 h. Depending on the number of colony-forming units (CFU) injected i.p., administration of E. coli induced a long-lasting increase in bT of male Wistar rats. The duration of fever did not correlate with the number of CFU found in peritoneal cavity or blood. Because 2.5 x 10(8) CFU induced a sustained fever without inducing a state of sepsis/severe infection, this dose was used in subsequent experiments. The E. coli-induced increase in bT was preceded by a decrease in Tsk, reflecting a thermoregulatory response. TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6 were detected at 3 h in serum of animals injected i.p. with E. coli. In the peritoneal exudates...

"A repercussão da febre reumática e da cardiopatia reumática na vida de crianças e adolescentes: o movimento entre sentir-se saudável e sentir-se doente" ; "S. The effect of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in the children and teenagers’ lives: The idea between feeling healthy and feeling sick."

Souza, Solange Pires Salomé de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/02/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
O estudo tem por objetivo compreender o movimento entre sentir-se saudável e sentir-se doente nos diferentes modos de andar a vida de crianças e adolescentes com febre reumática e cardiopatia reumática. O recorte do objeto foi elaborado a partir das discussões sobre: a doença crônica e condição crônica, febre reumática e cardiopatia como doenças crônicas específicas e particularidades da condição crônica gerada pela febre reumática e pela cardiopatia reumática em crianças e adolescentes. O quadro teórico teve como base a discussão teórico-epistemológica do processo saúde-doença para a aproximação de uma outra discussão central, a fronteira entre o normal e o patológico. Os participantes foram crianças e adolescentes com febre reumática e cardiopatia reumática atendidos no Ambulatório de Cardiologia Pediátrica de um hospital universitário de Cuiabá- MT e suas mães. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio da análise de documentos e da entrevista aberta que se efetivou no hospital, na residência e no local de trabalho. Os resultados e discussão deram origem a cinco temas: 1. Apresentação dos participantes: uma breve história, no qual se descreve como se conformou o curso da febre reumática e da cardiopatia reumática; 2. Contexto da assistência à criança e ao adolescente...

Avaliação clínica de crianças de 0 a 36 meses com febre sem sinais localizatórios; Clinical evaluation of children from 0 to 36 months with fever without source

Machado, Beatriz Marcondes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/06/2010 Português
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36.67%
Introdução: A febre sem sinais localizatórios é definida como presença de febre de até 7 dias de duração, sem identificação da causa após anamnese e exame físico detalhados. A maioria destas crianças apresenta doença infecciosa aguda autolimitada ou está em fase prodrômica de uma doença infecciosa benigna. Poucas têm infecção bacteriana grave: bacteremia oculta, pneumonia oculta, infecção urinária, meningite bacteriana, artrite séptica, osteomielite ou celulite. Embora a febre seja uma das queixas mais comuns nos serviços de emergência, a abordagem da criança febril permanece controversa. Objetivos: avaliar a aplicabilidade de um protocolo padronizado para o atendimento e seguimento das crianças até 36 meses de idade com febre sem sinais localizatórios e analisar os fatores de risco para infecção bacteriana grave nestas crianças. Métodos: estudo prospectivo em crianças até 36 meses de idade que procuraram o pronto socorro do Hospital Universitário da Universidade de São Paulo, com quadro de febre sem sinais localizatórios, durante o período de um ano (junho/2006 a maio/2007). As crianças foram atendidas conforme protocolo que estratifica o risco de infecção bacteriana grave de acordo com a presença ou não de toxemia...

Filogeografia da febre amarela na América do Sul; Phylogeography of the Yellow Fever in South America

Souza, Renato Pereira de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/04/2013 Português
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36.69%
Os Flavivírus são vírus de 40 50 nm de diâmetro, com formas esféricas e RNA de fita simples, com sentido positivo e aproximadamente 11 kb de comprimento. O Vírus da Febre Amarela, protótipo do grupo, é o agente causador da Febre Amarela, uma antiga doença que causou epidemias generalizadas na África, Américas do Norte e do Sul e Europa do século XVII ao início do século XX, e depois ressurgiu nas últimas décadas na África sub- saariana e América do Sul tropical. O presente trabalho busca a reconstrução da transmissão da Febre Amarela na América do Sul, no tempo e espaço, em especial, considerando a provável influência das populações humanas, primatas não humanos e mosquitos, na evolução e distribuição das linhagens genéticas de Febre Amarela, aplicando modelos de inferência Bayesiana para análises filogenéticas e filogeográficas e testando hipóteses de distribuição geográfica com modelagem de nicho ecológico. Os dados dão poucas evidências de que as estratégias de vacinação vigentes tenham efetivamente colaborado para a diminuição da ocorrência de Febre Amarela, indicando possíveis erros na estratégia de vacinação. A partir da análise Coalescente da população viral de Febre Amarela...

Comparação entre os biomarcadores inflamatórios procalcitonina (PCT), interleucina-6 (IL-6) e proteína-C reativa (PCR) para diagnóstico infeccioso e evolução de febre em pacientes neutropênicos submetidos a transplante de células tron; Comparison between inflammatory biomarkers procaltinonin (PCT), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) for infection diagnosis and fever evolution in neutropenic patients, submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)

Massaro, Karin Schmidt Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8%
Introdução: No presente estudo foram avaliados biomarcadores na ocorrência de febre em pacientes neutropênicos após transplante de células tronco hematopoiéticas (TCTH). Objetivo: O objetivo principal foi avaliar os valores séricos de biomarcadores: proteína C reativa (PCR), procalcitonina (PCT) e IL-6 (interleucina-6) que possam identificar precocemente infecção em TCTH. Outro objetivo foi fatores de risco para óbito nessa população. Métodos: Os biomarcadores foram avaliados em um estudo prospectivo que incluiu 296 pacientes neutropênicos, submetidos a TCTH autólogo ou alogênico. Os biomarcadores PCT, PCR e IL-6 foram dosados nos seguintes momentos:dia da neutropenia constatada sem febre, evento febril ou hipotermia (T < 35ºC), 24 h após a febre ou hipotermia, 72 horas após a febre ou hipotermia e febre prolongada ou seja 48 horas após a coleta no momento anterior ou na persistência da febre, cinco dias após a coleta no momento anterior. Os dados clínicos e laboratoriais, foram avaliados até a evolução para alta ou o óbito, em uma planilha Excel® 2003 e foram processados pelos programas SPSS e STATA. Os pacientes foram classificados nos seguintes grupos (I- afebril; II- febre de origem indeterminada FOI e III- febre clinica ou microbiologicamente comprovada) em relação a cada marcador estudado (PCT...

Febre reumática: Perfis imunoquímicos desenvolvidos por antígenos celulares e extracelulares do Streptococcus pyogenes e isotipos de anticorpos de pacientes com a doença; Rheumatic fever: Immunochemical profiles developed by cellular and extracellular antigens of Streptococcus pyogenes and antibody isotypes from patients with the disease

Pavan, Maria de Fatima Borges
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/12/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
A febre reumática é uma das sequelas da infecção causada por Streptococcus pyogenes, afetando notadamente crianças e jovens, com altas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade em várias regiões do mundo, incluindo Brasil. Perfis imunoquímicos desenvolvidos por antígenos celulares e extracelulares desta bactéria e isotipos de anticorpos presentes em pacientes com febre reumática foram averiguados, em virtude da escassez de informação a este respeito na literatura. Na primeira fase do trabalho, as condições para o preparo de antígenos, bem como de técnicas, em especial a técnica super-micro de neutralização de anticorpos (Ac) anti-estreptolisina O (ASLO) foram padronizadas. Na segunda etapa, foram identificadas as bandas de antígenos celulares e extracelulares reconhecidas por 56 soros de pacientes com febre reumática (Grupo A), 91 soros de indivídos sem diagnóstico de sequelas não-supurativas da infecção, mas com títulos baixos, médios e altos de Ac ASLO (Grupo B), e 41 soros de crianças sem infecção (Grupo C). Em pacientes com febre reumática, Acs IgG e IgA foram detectados, mas Acs IgM não foram encontrados. Anticorpos IgG de pacientes do grupo A reconheceram um total de 30 bandas do antígeno celular, sendo específicas 18 (14...

Mediterranean spotted fever and identification of new agents of rickettsioses in Portugal : epidemiological determinants, host and microbial features in portuguese patients

Sousa, Rita Marques de
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
Resumo: a febre botonosa, também conhecida por febre escaro-nodular (FEN) é uma doença endémica nos Países da bacia do Mediterrâneo, África, Médio Oriente, Índia e Paquistão. O agente etiológico responsável por esta patologia é a bactéria Rickettsia conorii. Contudo, em alguns países, como Portugal e Itália, esta patologia é causada por duas estirpes diferentes: R conorii Malish e R conorii Israeli spotted fever strain. O principal vector e reservatório é o ixodídeo Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Mesmo com uma elevada taxa de subnotificação detectada no nosso País, a taxa incidência da FEN é de 8.4/105 habitantes (1989-2005), uma das mais altas quando comparada coom a de outros países da bacia do Mediterrâneo. De todos os distritos portugueses, Bragança e Beja são aqueles que apresentam as taxas de incidência mais elevadas, 56,8/105 habitantes e 47,4 / 105 habitantes respectivamente. Em Portugal, as alterações climáticas verificadas na última década, nomeadamente a subida das temperaturas médias anuais, parecem ter influenciado o ciclo de vida do vector e a sua dinâmica sazonal, permitindo ao R. sanguineus completar mais de um ciclo de vida por ano. Este facto, e a possibilidade deste vector se manter activo noutros meses do ano...

THE PREVALENCE OF CELIAC DISEASE AMONG PATIENTS WITH FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER

IŞIKAY,Sedat; IŞIKAY,Nurgül; KOCAMAZ,Halil
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
Background Familial Mediterranean Fever and celiac disease are both related to auto-inflammation and/or auto-immunity and they share some common clinical features such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloating and flatulence. Objectives We aimed to determine the association of these two diseases, if present. Methods Totally 112 patients diagnosed with Familial Mediterranean Fever and 32 cases as healthy control were included in the study. All participants were examined for the evidence of celiac disease, with serum tissue transglutaminase IgA levels (tTG IgA). Results Totally 144 cases, 112 with Familial Mediterranean Fever and 32 healthy control cases were included in the study. tTG IgA positivity was determined in three cases with Familial Mediterranean Fever and in one case in control group. In that aspect there was no significant difference regarding the tTG IgA positivity between groups (P=0.81). Duodenum biopsy was performed to the tTG IgA positive cases and revealed Marsh Type 3b in two Familial Mediterranean Fever cases and Marsh Type 3c in the other one while the biopsy results were of the only tTG IgA positive case in control group was Marsh Type 3b. In HLA evaluation of the celiac cases; HLA DQ2 was present in two celiac cases of the Familial Mediterranean Fever group and in the only celiac case of the control group while HLA DQ8 was present in one celiac case of the Familial Mediterranean Fever group. Conclusions We did not determine an association of Familial Mediterranean Fever with celiac disease. Larger studies with subgroup analysis are warranted to determine the relationship of these two diseases.

Fever induction pathways: evidence from responses to systemic or local cytokine formation

Roth,J.; de Souza,G.E.P.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
The immune and central nervous systems are functionally connected and interacting. The concept that the immune signaling to the brain which induces fever during infection and inflammation is mediated by circulating cytokines has been traditionally accepted. Administration of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces the appearance of a so-termed "cytokine cascade" in the circulation more or less concomitantly to the developing febrile response. Also, LPS-like fever can be induced by systemic administration of key cytokines (IL-1ß, TNF-alpha, and others). However, anti-cytokine strategies against IL-1ß or TNF-alpha along with systemic injections of LPS frequently lead to attenuation of the later stages of the febrile response but not of the initial phase of fever, indicating that cytokines are rather involved in the maintenance than in the early induction of fever. Within the last years experimental evidence has accumulated indicating the existence of neural transport pathways of immune signals to the brain. Because subdiaphragmatic vagotomy prevents or attenuates fever in response to intraperitoneal or intravenous injections of LPS, a role for vagal afferent nerve fibers in fever induction has been proposed. Also other sensory nerves may participate in the manifestation of febrile responses under certain experimental conditions. Thus...

Determination of serum adenosine deaminase and xanthine oxidase levels in patients with crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever

Celik,V. Kenan; Sari,Ismail; Engin,Aynur; Gürsel,Yildiz; Aydin,Hüseyin; Bakir,Sevtap
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
OBJECTIVE: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever with a high mortality rate. Despite increasing knowledge about hemorrhagic fever viruses, little is known about the pathogenesis of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. In this study, we measured serum adenosine deaminase and xanthine oxidase levels in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever patients. METHODS: Serum adenosine deaminase levels were measured with a sensitive colorimetric method described by Giusti and xanthine oxidase levels by the method of Worthington in 30 consecutive hospitalized patients (mean age 42.6 ± 21.0). Laboratory tests confirmed their diagnoses of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. Thirty-five subjects (mean age 42.9 ± 19.1) served as the control group. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in adenosine deaminase and xanthine oxidase levels between cases and controls (p<0.05). However, neither adenosine deaminase nor xanthine oxidase levels varied with the severity of disease in the cases assessed (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Adenosine deaminase and xanthine oxidase levels were increased in patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. Elevated serum xanthine oxidase activity in patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever may be associated with reactive oxygen species generated by the xanthine/xanthine oxidase system during inflammatory responses. In addition...

Different Slopes for Different Folks: Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Asthma and Hay Fever among 173,859 U.S. Men and Women.

Van Den Eeden, Stephen K; Quesenberry, Charles P; Chen, Jarvis T.; Krieger, Nancy
Fonte: The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Publicador: The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Although allergic diseases such as asthma and hay fever are a major cause of morbidity in industrialized countries, most studies have focused on patterns of prevalence among children and adolescents, with relatively few studies on variations in prevalence by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position among adults. Our study examined racial/ethnic and socioeconomic patterns in the prevalence of asthma overall, asthma with hay fever, asthma without hay fever, and hay fever overall, in a population of 173,859 women and men in a large prepaid health plan in northern California. Using education as a measure of socioeconomic position, we found evidence of a positive gradient for asthma with hay fever with increasing level of education but an inverse gradient for asthma without hay fever. Hay fever was also strongly associated with education. Compared with their White counterparts, Black women and men were more likely to report asthma without hay fever, and Black women were less likely to have asthma with hay fever. Asian men were also more likely to report asthma with hay fever, and Asian women and men were much more likely to have hay fever. Racial/ethnic disparities in prevalence of allergic diseases were largely independent of education. We discuss implications for understanding these social inequalities in allergic disease risk in relation to possible differences in exposure to allergens and determinants of immunologic susceptibility and suggest directions for future research.

Molecular Diagnostics for Lassa Fever at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Nigeria: Lessons Learnt from Two Years of Laboratory Operation

Asogun, Danny A.; Adomeh, Donatus I.; Ehimuan, Jacqueline; Odia, Ikponmwonsa; Hass, Meike; Gabriel, Martin; Ölschläger, Stephan; Becker-Ziaja, Beate; Folarin, Onikepe; Phelan, Eric; Ehiane, Philomena E.; Ifeh, Veritas E.; Uyigue, Eghosasere A.; Oladapo,
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
Background: Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever endemic in West Africa. However, none of the hospitals in the endemic areas of Nigeria has the capacity to perform Lassa virus diagnostics. Case identification and management solely relies on non-specific clinical criteria. The Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital (ISTH) in the central senatorial district of Edo State struggled with this challenge for many years. Methodology/Principal Findings A laboratory for molecular diagnosis of Lassa fever, complying with basic standards of diagnostic PCR facilities, was established at ISTH in 2008. During 2009 through 2010, samples of 1,650 suspected cases were processed, of which 198 (12%) tested positive by Lassa virus RT-PCR. No remarkable demographic differences were observed between PCR-positive and negative patients. The case fatality rate for Lassa fever was 31%. Nearly two thirds of confirmed cases attended the emergency departments of ISTH. The time window for therapeutic intervention was extremely short, as 50% of the fatal cases died within 2 days of hospitalization—often before ribavirin treatment could be commenced. Fatal Lassa fever cases were older (p = 0.005), had lower body temperature (p<0.0001), and had higher creatinine (p<0.0001) and blood urea levels (p<0.0001) than survivors. Lassa fever incidence in the hospital followed a seasonal pattern with a peak between November and March. Lassa virus sequences obtained from the patients originating from Edo State formed—within lineage II—a separate clade that could be further subdivided into three clusters. Conclusions/Significance: Lassa fever case management was improved at a tertiary health institution in Nigeria through establishment of a laboratory for routine diagnostics of Lassa virus. Data collected in two years of operation demonstrate that Lassa fever is a serious public health problem in Edo State and reveal new insights into the disease in hospitalized patients.; Organismic and Evolutionary Biology

Immune response genes in the post-Q-fever fatigue syndrome, Q fever endocarditis and uncomplicated acute primary Q fever

Helbig, K.; Harris, R.; Ayres, J.; Dunckley, H.; Lloyd, A.; Robson, J.; Marmion, B.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
BACKGROUND: The influence of immune response gene variations on the development of chronic complications of Q fever is presently unclear. AIM: To compare the frequencies of allelic polymorphisms in immune response genes in different Q fever patient groups. DESIGN: Genetic association study. METHODS: We measured the frequencies of immune response gene variants in: (i) an expanded group of 31 post-Q-fever fatigue patients (QFS); (ii) 22 Q fever endocarditis patients (QFE); and (iii) 22 patients who made an uncomplicated recovery from their initial attack of primary acute Q fever, comparing them with various standard control panels from the general population. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the three Q fever groups. QFS patients differed from both QFE and uncomplicated patients and controls in the frequency of carriage of HLA-DRB1*11 and of the 2/2 genotype of the interferon-gamma intron1 microsatellite. Carriage of the HLA DRB1*11 allele was associated with reduced interferon-gamma and IL-2 responses from PBMC stimulated with ligand in short-term culture. QFE showed differences in the IL-10 promoter microsatellites R and G and had higher frequencies of the TNF-alpha receptor II 196R polymorphism. Q fever patients who had made an uncomplicated recovery differed from those with QFS or QFE...

Cytokine dysregulation in the post-Q-fever fatigue syndrome

Pentilla, I.; Harris, R.; Storm, P.; Haynes, D.; Worswick, D.; Marmion, B.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1998 Português
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36.65%
The post-Q-fever fatigue syndrome (QFS) (inappropriate fatigue, myalgia and arthralgia, night sweats, changes in mood and sleep patterns) follows about 20% of laboratory-proven, acute primary Q-fever cases. Cytokine dysregulation resulting from chronic immune stimulation and modulation by persistence of Coxiella burnetii cells or their antigens is hypothesized. We studied cytokine release patterns of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated with various ligands in short-term culture, from 18 patients with active QFS, and 27 controls: six with resolving QFS, five who had had acute primary Q-fever without subsequent QFS, eight healthy Q-fever vaccinees and eight healthy subjects without Q-fever antibody. Conditioned media (CM) from PBMC stimulated in short-term culture with Q-fever antigens, PHA or measles antigen (as an unrelated antigen) were assayed for IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10 and IFN gamma by AgEIA, and for IL-1 and TNF alpha/beta by bioassay. Aberrant cytokine release patterns were observed with PBMC from QFS patients when stimulated with Q-fever antigens: an accentuated release of IL-6 which was significantly [p = 0.01, non-parametric one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)] in excess of medians for all four control groups. With IL-2...

Limites das convicções científicas : as epidemias no Rio de Janeiro e em Socorro e o desencadeamento da crise nos estudos da febre amarela (1927-1948); Limits of scientific convictions : epidemics in Rio de Janeiro and Socorro, and the appearance of the crisis in studies on yellow fever (1927-1948)

Aleidys Hernandez Tasco
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2013 Português
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36.7%
Em 1927 a luta contra a febre amarela parecia finalizada no continente americano. A Fundação Rockefeller, instituição filantrópica estadunidense que tinha como principal objetivo o combate da febre amarela na primeira metade do século XX, assegurava que a doença estava quase erradicada. No entanto, a ocorrência das epidemias de febre amarela no Rio de Janeiro em 1928 (Brasil) e em Socorro em 1929 (Colômbia), colocou em dúvida as medidas profiláticas recomendadas e aplicadas tanto pelos órgãos nacionais de Saúde Pública como os da Fundação Rockefeller que participou da luta contra essa doença em ambos os países. Ao mesmo tempo em que ocorriam as epidemias, uma controvérsia instalou-se em torno à descoberta de Stokes, Bauer e Hudson na África, em 1927, que demonstrou que a febre amarela era facilmente inoculável no Macacus Rhesus. Tal descoberta acabou por rejeitar a concepção etiológica estabelecida em 1919 por Noguchi. A nova descoberta dos pesquisadores, as epidemias e a rejeição da teoria de Noguchi geraram uma enorme desconfiança na época, dando a sensação de que nada era seguro em assuntos relacionados à febre amarela, despertando uma crise nos estudos da doença. Esta pesquisa assume a responsabilidade de fazer um estudo comparativo a partir da ciência...

Antibody response to 17D yellow fever vaccine in Ghanaian infants

Osei-Kwasi,Mubarak; Dunyo,S.K.; Koram,K.A.; Afari,E.A.; Odoom,J.K.; Nkrumah,F.K.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2001 Português
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36.69%
OBJECTIVE: To assess the seroresponses to yellow fever vaccination at 6 and 9 months of age; assess any possible adverse effects of immunization with the 17D yellow fever vaccine in infants, particularly at 6 months of age. METHODS: Four hundred and twenty infants who had completed BCG, OPV and DPT immunizations were randomized to receive yellow fever immunization at either 6 or 9 months. A single dose of 0.5 ml of the reconstituted vaccine was administered to each infant by subcutaneous injection. To determine the yellow fever antibody levels of the infants, each donated 1 ml whole blood prior to immunization and 3 months post-immunization. Each serum sample was titred on Vero cells against the vaccine virus. FINDINGS: The most common adverse reactions reported were fever, cough, diarrhoea and mild reactions at the inoculation site. The incidences of adverse reactions were not statistically different in both groups. None of the pre-immunization sera in both age groups had detectable yellow fever antibodies. Infants immunized at 6 months recorded seroconversion of 98.6% and those immunized at 9 months recorded 98% seroconversion. The GMT of their antibodies were 158.5 and 129.8, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that seroresponses to yellow fever immunization at 6 and 9 months as determined by seroconversion and GMTs of antibodies are similar. The findings of good seroresponses at 6 months without significant adverse effects would suggest that the 17D yellow fever vaccine could be recommended for use in children at 6 months in outbreak situations or in high risk endemic areas.

The global burden of typhoid fever

Crump,John A.; Luby,Stephen P.; Mintz,Eric D.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJECTIVE: To use new data to make a revised estimate of the global burden of typhoid fever, an accurate understanding of which is necessary to guide public health decisions for disease control and prevention efforts. METHODS: Population-based studies using confirmation by blood culture of typhoid fever cases were sought by computer search of the multilingual scientific literature. Where there were no eligible studies, data were extrapolated from neighbouring countries and regions. Age-incidence curves were used to model rates measured among narrow age cohorts to the general population. One-way sensitivity analysis was performed to explore the sensitivity of the estimate to the assumptions. The burden of paratyphoid fever was derived by a proportional method. FINDINGS: A total of 22 eligible studies were identified. Regions with high incidence of typhoid fever (>100/100 000 cases/year) include south-central Asia and south-east Asia. Regions of medium incidence (10-100/100 000 cases/year) include the rest of Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Oceania, except for Australia and New Zealand. Europe, North America, and the rest of the developed world have low incidence of typhoid fever (<10/100 000 cases/year). We estimate that typhoid fever caused 21 650 974 illnesses and 216 510 deaths during 2000 and that paratyphoid fever caused 5 412 744 illnesses. CONCLUSION: New data and improved understanding of typhoid fever epidemiology enabled us to refine the global typhoid burden estimate...