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Environmental sustainability as a dimension of corporate social responsibility: the case of CGD - Caixa Geral de Depósitos / Portugal

Coelho, M. P.; Filipe, J. A.; Ferreira, Manuel Alberto M.
Fonte: Progress IPS LLC Publicador: Progress IPS LLC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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46.11%
According to the 2001 European Commission Green Paper, Social Responsibility conceptualization is associated with the idea of companies deciding, in a voluntary base, to contribute for a fair society and a cleaner environment. The tradition of social intervention in Portugal remounts to the century XV and the foundation of the Mercies. However, environmental goals were never proposed as fundamental objectives in the positioning of corporate social responsibility, given the delay of the industrial development. In spite of the tradition of practice, in informal way, of social protection by the companies of larger dimension, the appearance of “social responsibility” as an autonomous management theme, took, to some enterprises, the interest in environmental subjects, crossing a paternalist vision that put the accent in the relationships with the workers. The CGD is an example of this posture. In 2009, adhered to the Environmental Program of the United Nations for the Finance Sector (UNEP FI) becoming the first Portuguese bank to do part of this program. UNEP FI reflects the recognition of the role of this sector in the promotion of Sustainable Development: market intermediation processes have effects on investment programs and, in indirect way...

Kyrgyz Republic - Financial Sector Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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46.39%
This Financial Sector Assessment (FSA) summarizes the structural and developmental aspects of the 2006 FSAP Update report for the Kyrgyz Republic. The stability and prudential oversight aspects of that report, including the factual updates of ROSCs and the results of the Anti Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) assessment, are summarized in the Financial System Stability Assessment (FSSA) that was discussed by the IMF Board, as part of the Article IV Consultation, in May 2007. This FSA should be read together with the FSSA in order to get a full sense of the findings and recommendations of the 2006 Kyrgyz Republic FSAP Update. The key conclusion of the FSAP Update is that key challenges today pertain to the regulation, supervision and development of the non bank finance sector, and to access to finance.

Romania - Functional Review : Public Finance Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
The objective of this review is to analyze the public finance and revenue administration function across the Government of Romania and to identify opportunities for enhancements in strategy, processes and organization. The review provides a strategic, medium-term vision for the development of the public finance function while being responsive to immediate problems and challenges. The current fiscal adjustment has reinforced the importance of strong fiscal institutions and public financial management systems. Romania has already taken important steps to improve public financial management but progress has been uneven. Notwithstanding past achievements, there is room for further strengthening of the public finance function, especially in continuing to shift its focus and capabilities from transaction related control to more policy and efficiency oriented tasks.

IFC Jobs Study : Assessing Private Sector Contributions to Job Creation and Poverty Reduction

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.48%
This report is the result of an open-source study to assess the direct and indirect effects of private sector activity on job creation. The report examines how and under what conditions the private sector can best contribute to job creation and poverty reduction. The private sector, which provides some 90 percent of jobs in developing countries, must be at the core of any response to this double challenge. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the constraints that private companies face in creating jobs, and the public sector and development finance institutions must help build an environment where these obstacles are removed or minimized. This report aims to help by providing an understanding of how the private sector generates jobs, what constraints limit job creation, and how these problems can be mitigated. The world is thus facing a double jobs challenge: creating a large number of jobs and creating better jobs. The economic crisis has added 27 million new unemployed; leading to a total of 200 million unemployed worldwide in 2011. More than 600 million jobs must be created in the next decade to ensure that unemployment does not increase even further as millions of young people enter the workforce. Private sector job cre-ation is inextricably linked to overall development and poverty reduction...

Tunisia Agricultural Finance Study : Main Summary Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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46.51%
The Tunisia agricultural finance study was carried out in response to a request made in December 2009 by the Tunisian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) for support for a study on the key constraints in agricultural finance. Technical and financial support was specifically requested for: (i) a comprehensive diagnostic analysis of the current mechanisms and problems of financing of the agricultural sector in Tunisia, including those by financial institutions and from budget resources, foreign direct investment, and insurance; (ii) a comparison of the Tunisian experience with successful experiences made in other comparable countries; and (iii) the formulation of concrete proposals. The diagnostic part was also requested to include the regulations pertaining to agricultural credit, other constraints impeding the development of agricultural finance, such as costs, profitability, professional organizations, extension services, research etc., and to look at the indebtedness of smallholders. It was also requested that the recommendations help to: (i) better define the objectives to be achieved in terms of financing of agriculture; (ii) increase the participation of the financial sector in financing agriculture; (iii) help identify need for support by different types of farmers; (iv) identify new instruments geared at qualitative and technological changes; (v) reduce the indebtedness of farmers; and (vi) help improve the subsidies for agricultural investment. There are two main written outputs of the Tunisia agricultural finance study. The experts working on the study have compiled a great deal of detailed background information diagnosing the current situation...

SME Finance in Ethiopia : Addressing the Missing Middle Challenge

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.52%
This study starts with a brief analysis of which firms are the main net job creators in Ethiopia and then focuses on the financing constraints of Ethiopian MSMEs as one of the key obstacles to job creation and growth. In doing so, the study uses two demand-side surveys (the Ethiopia Survey of Large and Medium Scale Manufacturing Industries LMMIS, an unbalanced panel composed of about 6,000 firms with at least 10 employees which allows for a study of firm dynamics from 2000 through 2011 and the World Bank s Enterprise Survey (ES) that was conducted between July 2011 and July 2012 and includes 794 firms which allows for the additional examination of the services sector, microenterprises, and a more detailed understanding of firm experiences with respect to access to finance) and an ad-hoc supply side survey administered to 16 financial institutions, including the major public and private sector commercial banks and microfinance institutions, covering over 90% of the total assets in the banking and microfinance sector. This survey allowed collecting data on the actual involvement of financial institutions with MSMEs...

Innovative Agricultural SME Finance Models

Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
This report is organized into three main sections. Section one sets out the context by describing the particular challenges and opportunities related to financing agriculture, followed by defining the target group of agricultural SME s. Section two describes a set of innovative financing models. Section three then provides a framework for an indicative assessment of these models by gathering and forming observations from the case studies. The model observations are then highlighted in three types of country contexts in which bankers in developing countries may find themselves. Preliminary assessment results are presented. The report concludes with key lessons learned on innovative agricultural financing, relevant case studies, and an outlook on further work in this area. Annexes present methodologies and case studies representing the various models.

Access to Finance for Smallholder Farmers

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
The percentage of smallholders with access to finance is equally difficult to quantify. According to estimates, even promising approaches to expanding smallholder lending, such as value chain finance, are reaching fewer than 10 percent of smallholders, primarily those in well-established value chains dedicated to higher value cash crops. International Finance Corporation (IFC) has been engaged for several years in learning efforts through diverse partnerships to obtain insights into the challenges of agricultural finance. The evidence of microfinance institution (MFI) involvement in financing commercial and semi-commercial smallholders remains anecdotal and lacks specifics on what makes MFI lending to these segments feasible, and what restricts their reach and effectiveness. This IFC study aims to identify and disseminate lessons emerging from the work of MFIs that have implemented agricultural operations targeting agricultural smallholders in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) to support replication and expansion of scalable approaches. Through this research...

Small and Medium Enterprise Finance

Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.48%
This update considers new findings since the initial Stocktaking report, substantiating the contribution of the private sector, and of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in particular, for new jobs and investment. These findings further illustrate the key role access to finance plays in SMEs abilities and willingness to add jobs including the special circumstances of fast-growing SMEs, or gazelles. The new findings further detail availability and gaps in SME financing, including for specific subsectors such as women-owned firms and agri-enterprises. New trends include progress made in recent years to improve financial markets infrastructure, and expanded lending in countries such as China, which have made progress in this area. The findings also include key private sector innovations pioneered by the SME Finance Challenge winners and other private sector institutions, focusing on key sector opportunities (such as agribusiness and energy), product innovation (such as expanded local currency options), and risk management alternatives. The new findings and trends highlight the potential of collaborative platforms that have emerged from the G-20/GPFI (Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion) process to combine resources to improve SME access to finance...

Handshake, No. 1 (March 2011)

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Periódico
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
In this issue: trends: 10 years of private-sector participation in water; interview: Mozambiques industry behind the tap; and feature: irrigating Brazils semi-arid northeast.

Aquaculture Sector Review; Armenia

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
This aquaculture sector review (with supply chain mapping) has been implemented within the framework of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Armenia investment climate reform project implemented by the World Bank Group trade and competitiveness global practice, in partnership with Austria’s federal ministry of finance and Hungarian partnership funding and Hungary Export Import (EXIM) Bank. This project aims to contribute to improving the country’s investment climate and thereby to attract investments into selected branches of its economy. This aquaculture supply chain review aims to: (1) identify issues now present in the fish supply (export) chain, specifically pinpointing market imperfections as well as legal and regulatory obstacles; (2) develop recommendations to resolve the problems and challenges so identified, and thus contribute to the improvement of the business and investment environment by reducing costs and increasing productivity; and (3) contribute to enhancing the competitiveness and investment attractiveness of the Armenian fish industry as a whole. This analysis focuses on both policy and market imperfections as well as constraints along the aquaculture supply chain and the impacts these have. The analysis used local and international information sources...

Ukraine : Opportunities and Challenges for Private Sector Development

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: PSD, Privatization and Industrial Policy; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
Ukraine has untapped growth potential. Ukraine has one of the most fertile agricultural lands in the world, an attractive geographical location in Europe, bordering the European Union, the largest market in the world with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of more than $16 trillion, and a large domestic market of almost 50 million consumers. This note argues that the stunted growth of the private sector goes a long way in explaining Ukraine's poor growth performance. The tepid private sector growth is reflected in: the stagnant structure of the country's exports, where old industries such as steel, machine building and chemicals continue to predominate, operating at low levels of industrial productivity, which has grown at a much slow pace than in peer countries in the last decade; the low inflow of high value-added Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), especially in export-oriented manufacturing; and the relatively limited role of Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the development of the economy. All of these factors suggest that the market-driven process of entrepreneurship...

IFC 2004 Annual Report : Adding Value to Private Sector Investment, Volume 1; Corporacion Financiera Internacional (CFI) informe anual, 2004 - valor agregado a la inversion privada Societe Financiere Internationale (SFI) rapport annuel, 2004 - une valeur ajoutee a l'investissement prive

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2004, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) expanded its sustainable development impact through private sector project financing operations and advisory activities. This year the Board of Directors approved a number of investments and maintained close oversight of development and implementation of IFC strategy. The Board was heavily involved in discussion of IFC's strategic directions, which outline the overall framework for future IFC activities. The Board urged IFC to collaborate more closely with other World Bank Group institutions, especially in providing technical assistance on the business climate and private sector development. In this regard, Directors were pleased to note the increased cooperation between IFC and IDA in Africa. The Board also reviewed country-specific operations and discussed 15 joint World Bank-IFC-MIGA country assistance strategies and related products. Directors noted the challenges in both maintaining profitability and increasing development impact...

IFC 2004 Annual Report : Adding Value to Private Sector Investment, Volume 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis, Financial Statements, and Investment Portfolio; Corporacion Financiera Internacional (CFI) informe anual, 2004 - valor agregado a la inversion privada Societe Financiere Internationale (SFI) rapport annuel, 2004 - une valeur ajoutee a l'investissement prive

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2004, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) expanded its sustainable development impact through private sector project financing operations and advisory activities. This year the Board of Directors approved a number of investments and maintained close oversight of development and implementation of IFC strategy. The Board was heavily involved in discussion of IFC's strategic directions, which outline the overall framework for future IFC activities. The Board urged IFC to collaborate more closely with other World Bank Group institutions, especially in providing technical assistance on the business climate and private sector development. In this regard, Directors were pleased to note the increased cooperation between IFC and IDA in Africa. The Board also reviewed country-specific operations and discussed 15 joint World Bank-IFC-MIGA country assistance strategies and related products. Directors noted the challenges in both maintaining profitability and increasing development impact...

IFC and Its Role in Globalization : Highlights from IFC's Participants Meeting, Washington, D.C., June 6-7, 2001

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Finance Corporation Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Finance Corporation
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Globalization represents an opportunity to add local value to emerging markets. That opportunity is the underlying theme of this volume, which brings together in edited form the papers and comments presented on globalization at the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Annual Participants Meeting held in Washington D.C. on June 6-7, 2001. IFC sees itself at the very center of the globalization process. No other financial institution stands at the dividing line between the entire developed world and the entire developing world, between the public sector and the private sector, between economic, financial, and environmental realities on the one hand, and government policy objectives on the other. Because of its status, because it must deal with the issues surrounding globalization every day, and because it always operates through partnerships with other financial institutions, IFC is in a unique position to take the lead in grasping this opportunity.

Healthy Partnerships : How Governments Can Engage the Private Sector to Improve Health in Africa

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Health systems across Africa are in urgent need of improvement. The public sector should not be expected to shoulder the burden of directly providing the needed services alone, nor can it, given the current realities of African health systems. Therefore to achieve necessary improvements, governments will need to rely more heavily on the private health sector. Indeed, private providers already play a significant role in the health sector in Africa and are expected to continue to play a key role, and private providers serve all income levels across sub- Saharan Africa's health systems. The World Health Organization (WHO) and others have identified improvements in the way governments interact with and make use of their private health sectors as one of the key ingredients to health systems improvements. Across the African region, many ministries of health are actively seeking to increase the contributions of the private health sector. However, relatively little is known about the details of engagement; that is...

Gabon : Financial Sector Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The report is a joint International Monetary Fund IMF-World Bank Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP), which examined Gabon's macroeconomic and financial context, and identified its financial soundness, as well as vulnerabilities. The country's financial sector is overall, profitable and stable, though still relatively underdeveloped. Banks - which dominate the financial sector - find their activities and growth potential, limited by the size of the non-oil economy, given that financing of the oil sector is largely undertaken outside the country. While the government retains a strong role in the financial sector, as owner and as client, through public enterprises, solvency levels in some of the banks are close to the forthcoming regulatory minimum of eight percent (effective in 2004).This risk is enhanced by the banking sector's portfolio concentration. Moreover, fiscal problems have in the past had direct, and indirect negative repercussions on the performance of the financial sector. The report further analyzes the legal...

West Bank and Gaza - Improving Governance and Reducing Corruption

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: City Development Strategy (CDS)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
In the past decade, the Palestinian Authority (PA) has worked to strengthen economic governance and combat corruption, both essential to sustained economic growth and improved delivery of public services. This report finds the PA has made significant progress in its public institutions, establishing a strong governance environment in many critical areas. But it also identifies areas where reforms are underway but incomplete or, in some areas, not yet under consideration. Major reforms have been put in place to strengthen the PA's public financial management (PFM) systems and better manage its equity holdings, two crucial components in the public finance sector. In other important areas, such as public procurement, public sector employment, regulation of the private sector, and the work of anti-corruption institutions, reforms are underway but have not been fully implemented. This analysis relies on an understanding of the relationship between good economic governance, public service delivery, and corruption. Studies show a direct correlation between weak governance systems and the quality of public service delivery. Weak governance systems...

Independent Evaluation of IFC's Development Results 2008 : IFC's Additionality in Supporting Private Sector Development

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC : International Finance Corporation Publicador: Washington, DC : International Finance Corporation
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
The Independent Evaluation of International Finance Corporations (IFC's) Development Results (IEDR) is the annual flagship report of the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG). It reviews IFC's effectiveness in supporting private sector development and its contributions to economic growth and poverty reduction, as well as to environmentally and socially sustainable development. The main purpose of the IEDR is to provide an independent assessment to the Executive Board, IFC Management, and the wider development community about recent trends in IFC's performance, and to stimulate debate and action on IFC strategy and operational processes going forward. The report also serves as a source of knowledge and learning about private sector development, in general, and about development impact, more specifically. This year's IEDR contains two main themes. The first is a review of the development results achieved by IFC-supported operations. On the investment side, this means looking at how well operations that reached early operating maturity during 2005-07 performed...

Slovenia : Pilot Diagnostic Review of Governance of the Insurance Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Corporate Governance Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
This review looks at the governance of the insurance sector in Slovenia, analyzing the legal framework and its enforcement and the adoption of corporate governance principles by firms. It is intended to provide policy makers and insurers in Slovenia, and other countries, with insight into existing corporate practices, and to offer a framework of good practices that can assist lawmakers in their efforts to strengthen governance in the insurance sector. The report may also contribute to the ongoing international debate on good corporate governance practices in insurance sector companies worldwide. It has three objectives: improving the description of good practices related to governance of insurance sectors; conducting a diagnostic review of Slovenian insurance governance against these benchmarks, and providing recommendations on ways of further improving the corporate governance of the Slovenian insurance sector. The review concludes with recommendations for auditing and risk evaluation, and advises that, although Slovenia's three finance regulators have served it well to date...