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Prevalence and risk indicators of alcohol abuse and marijuana use among on-reserve First Nations youth

Lemstra, Mark; Rogers, Marla; Moraros, John; Caldbick, Sam
Fonte: Pulsus Group Inc Publicador: Pulsus Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2013 Português
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46.26%
The objectives of the present study were to identify the prevalence of alcohol abuse and marijuana use among First Nations youth living on-reserve, and to identify independent risk indicators associated with these behaviours. Two hundred four students from the Saskatoon Tribal Council (Saskatchewan) who were enrolled in grades 5 through 8 were asked to complete a school health survey. The prevalence of alcohol abuse and marijuana use among First Nations on-reserve youth was 23.5% and 14.7%, respectively. Surprisingly, female First Nations youth were more likely to abuse alcohol and use marijuana than male First Nations youth. The prevalence of alcohol abuse and marijuana use among Saskatoon urban youth of the same age were only 5.4% and 2.7%, respectively. After regression analysis, five independent risk indicators were associated with alcohol abuse and marijuana use among First Nations on-reserve youth. The prevalence of alcohol abuse among First Nations on-reserve youth is higher than that in neighbouring urban youth of the same age.

A Framework for Building Research Partnerships with First Nations Communities

Bharadwaj, Lalita
Fonte: Libertas Academica Publicador: Libertas Academica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/05/2014 Português
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46.3%
Solutions to complex health and environmental issues experienced by First Nations communities in Canada require the adoption of collaborative modes of research. The traditional “helicopter” approach to research applied in communities has led to disenchantment on the part of First Nations people and has impeded their willingness to participate in research. University researchers have tended to develop projects without community input and to adopt short term approaches to the entire process, perhaps a reflection of granting and publication cycles and other realities of academia. Researchers often enter communities, collect data without respect for local culture, and then exit, having had little or no community interaction or consideration of how results generated could benefit communities or lead to sustainable solutions. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has emerged as an alternative to the helicopter approach and is promoted here as a method to research that will meet the objectives of both First Nations and research communities. CBPR is a collaborative approach that equitably involves all partners in the research process. Although the benefits of CBPR have been recognized by segments of the University research community...

Drinking Water Management: Health Risk Perceptions and Choices in First Nations and Non-First Nations Communities in Canada

Dupont, Diane; Waldner, Cheryl; Bharadwaj, Lalita; Plummer, Ryan; Carter, Blair; Cave, Kate; Zagozewski, Rebecca
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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46.28%
The relationship between tap water and health has been a topic of public concern and calls for better management in Canada since well-publicized contamination events in two provinces (Ontario and Saskatchewan) in 2000–2001. This study reports the perspectives on health risks from tap water and corresponding use of, and spending on, bottled water in a number of different communities in Canada. In 2009–2010, four First Nations communities (three from Ontario and one from Saskatchewan) and a geographically diverse sample of non-First Nations Canadians were surveyed about their beliefs concerning health risks from tap water and their spending practices for bottled water as a substitute. Responses to five identical questions were examined, revealing that survey respondents from Ontario First Nations communities were more likely than non-First Nations Canadians to believe bottled water is safer than tap water (OR 1.6); more likely to report someone became ill from tap water (OR 3.6); more likely to express water and health concerns related to tap water consumption (OR 2.4); and more likely to spend more on bottled water (OR 4.9). On the other hand, participants from one Saskatchewan First Nations community were less likely than non-First Nations Canadians to believe that someone had become ill from drinking tap water (OR 3.8)...

La situation socioéconomique des résidants des collectivités des Premières Nations et des collectivités environnantes du Québec : impact des facteurs de contexte et des facteurs individuels

Deslauriers, Mélanie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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56.22%
Cette recherche se penche sur l’impact des facteurs de contexte et des facteurs individuels sur les conditions socioéconomiques des résidants des collectivités des Premières Nations du Québec et des résidants des communautés situées à proximité. Des régressions logistiques sur les données censitaires de 2001 ont été réalisées afin de répondre aux questions d’étude. Quatre dimensions, inspirées de l’indice de bien-être (IBC), ont été étudiées : l’activité, le logement, le revenu et la scolarité. Les résultats de recherche montrent que les deux types de facteurs contribuent à l’explication des inégalités sociales. Plus spécifiquement, les inégalités scolaires apparaissent principalement déterminées par les facteurs de contexte bien que les facteurs individuels, tel que l’âge et le genre, soient aussi déterminants. Ces dernières surviennent en amont des inégalités d’emploi et de revenu et expliquent celles-ci. De plus, les inégalités relatives au logement sont expliquées par l’emplacement spatial et le type de communauté de résidence. Par ailleurs, l’ethnicité des répondants ne joue pas un rôle de premier plan dans l’explication des disparités observées, une fois les autres caractéristiques contrôlées...

Le cinéma des Premières Nations du Québec et des Inuit du Nunavut : réappropriation culturelle et esthétique du sacré.

Bertrand, Karine
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Résumé Cette thèse de doctorat porte sur le cinéma envisagé comme un agent de réappropriation culturelle pour les Premières Nations du Québec et les Inuit du Nunavut. De manière plus spécifique, nous avons cherché à comprendre comment les peuples autochtones et inuit se servent d’un médium contemporain pour prendre la parole, revendiquer leurs droits politiques et réécrire une histoire ayant été jusqu’à récemment racontée selon le point du vue de médiateurs externes. À cet effet, l’emprunt d’éléments propres aux méthodologies autochtones, autant dans la forme que dans le contenu, auront permis de faire ressortir un aspect particulier des cultures autochtones, soit la manifestation d’une pensée orale centrée autour de la notion du sacré. La première partie de cette recherche est ainsi consacrée à la théorisation d’un sacré autochtone omniprésent dans toutes les sphères de leur quotidien, et qui se transpose à l’écran sous la forme d’une esthétique particulière, que nous nommons esthétique du sacré. En outre, le visionnement et l’analyse de courts et de long-métrages autochtones et inuit ont fait ressortir avec force les principaux éléments d’une esthétique du sacré qui s’exprime entre autres à travers une éthique de travail privilégiant la collaboration communautaire et une écoute attentive de la parole de l’interlocuteur...

Territoires émergents de citoyenneté pour des jeunes des Premières Nations du Québec : contraintes et ouvertures de dialogues aux voix/es multiples

Guimont Marceau, Stéphane
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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56.14%
Les territoires et les relations sociospatiales liés au vivre-ensemble entre Autochtones et non-Autochtones au Québec sont en transformation. Ces bouleversements prennent place dans de nouveaux lieux de rencontre où s’ancrent des expériences de subjectivation politique et de citoyenneté. Le Wapikoni mobile, un atelier de création audiovisuelle qui visite les communautés des Premières Nations du Québec pour offrir une formation aux jeunes de 15 à 30 ans, semble s’inscrire dans ces processus. Depuis 2004, le Wapikoni mobile dénombre 2400 participants, 500 courts-métrages réalisés et une soixantaine de prix remportés. Ces vidéos de jeunes des Premières Nations sont projetées dans différents évènements au Québec et à l’étranger ; des lieux où les réalisateurs sont parfois invités à prendre la parole. Cette recherche étudie les pratiques, les relations et les lieux liés à ces actes de parole en personne, afin de dégager les transformations sociopolitiques auxquelles ils participent. Elle montre que les parcours de ces personnes sont limités par les contextes politicoéconomiques locaux, nationaux et mondiaux, mais qu’ils permettent néanmoins l’appropriation de lieux et l’apparition de relations qui reterritorialisent les espaces de représentation(s) et de visibilité. Ces mutations sont provoquées par la mise en place de dialogues aux voix et aux voies multiples qui participent à la formation de territoires émergents de citoyenneté.; The territories and the socio-spatial relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Québec are changing. Those changes take place in meeting sites connected to processes of becoming political and becoming citizens. The involvement of young Indigenous peoples with the Wapikoni mobile project is part of these processes. The Wapikoni mobile is an indigenous video training project that addresses the First Nations communities of Québec. Through this project...

L’association entre le niveau de sécurité alimentaire des Premières Nations du Manitoba et leurs apports nutritionnels

Decelles, Stéphane
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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56.28%
Les taux d’insécurité alimentaire (IA) chez les Premières Nations au Canada sont plus élevés que chez les Canadiens de la population générale. L’IA est généralement associée à des apports nutritionnels moins avantageux, toutefois peu d’études se sont penchées sur cette question pour les Premières Nations vivant sur-réserve. Le but de cette recherche est de déterminer, à partir de 550 observations, s’il existe une association entre le niveau de sécurité alimentaire et les apports nutritionnels chez des adultes (> 18 ans) des Premières Nations sur-réserve du Manitoba et d’identifier les types d’aliments qui pourraient expliquer les différences statistiquement significatives. Chez les hommes, aucune des différences statistiquement significatives entre les niveaux de sécurité alimentaire pourraient avoir un effet notable sur la santé nutritionnelle puisque les nutriments en question ne sont pas « à risque » dans la population. Chez les femmes, les apports sont significativement différents entre les niveaux de sécurité alimentaire pour quelques nutriments qui sont « à risque » dans la population. Pour les femmes de 19-30 ans en IA, les apports sont supérieurs en vitamine A, en folate et en calcium. En contraste...

An analysis of the determinants of microbial contamination of drinking water in First Nations communities of Northern and Southern Ontario

Gray, Roger
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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66.34%
Well publicized cases of drinking water contamination in First Nations communities in Ontario throughout the 1990s the first five years of the twentieth century have brought the issue of drinking water contamination in First Nations communities to the public’s attention. The most common form of drinking water contamination in First Nations reserves is microbial contamination. While cases of drinking water contamination have been reported in both northern and southern Ontario over the last decade and a half, it is unclear whether the nature and/or severity of drinking water contamination differs between First Nations communities in southern Ontario and more isolated communities in northern Ontario. In this document the cause(s) and the extent of microbial contamination of drinking water in two First Nations communities in southern Ontario and two First Nations communities in northern Ontario are examined and compared. The actions taken to address the drinking water contamination at all levels of government are also examined and compared between the communities in northern and southern Ontario. The results of this analysis suggest that while First Nations on southern Ontario appear to be more prone to drinking water contamination due to development and population pressure outside of the reserve...

Gaining Insights About Water: The Value of Surveys in First Nations Communities to Inform Water Governance

Baird, Julia; Carter, Blair; Cave, Kate; Dupont, Diane; General, Paul; King, Clynt; Plummer, Ryan; Varewyck, April
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
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56.07%
Knowledge of how water is perceived, used and managed in a community is critical to the endeavour of water governance. Surveys of individuals residing in a community offer a valuable avenue to gain information about several of these aspects of water. This paper draws upon experiences in three First Nation communities to explore the values of surveys to illuminate water issues and inform water decision-making. Findings from experiences with surveys in Six Nations of the Grand River, Mississaugas of the New Credit, and Oneida First Nation of the Thames reveal rich information about how surveys can provide insights about: the connection of individuals to the land, water and their community; reasons for valuing water; perceptions of water quality and issues surrounding water-related advisories; and, degree of satisfaction with water management and governance at different scales. Community partners reflected upon the findings of the survey for their community. Dialogue was then broadened across the cases as the partners offer benefits and challenges associated with the survey. Community surveys offer an important tool in the resource managers’ toolbox to understand social perceptions of water and provide valuable insights that may assist in improving its governance.

Using First Nations Children's Literature in the Classroom: Portfolio of Learning

Staats, Robin
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Português
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66.23%
A portfolio was developed to encourage teachers of Aboriginal children to include First Nations mentor texts into their daily teaching practices. The artifacts within the portfolio have been produced in accordance with guiding beliefs about how students, specifically First Nations students, learn. The portfolio supports the notion that Aboriginal children need to encounter representations of their own culture, histories and beliefs within the literature in order to be successful in school. The use of First Nations children’s literature in the classroom was explored with an emphasis on how using this literature will assist in improving literacy levels and the self-esteem of First Nations students.

Exploring the factors that support cooperative and equitable municipal-First Nation relationships: A case study of the City of Calgary and the Tsuut’ina Nation

Newton, Randi
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
This research examines the factors that influence the emergence of cooperative municipal-First Nation relationships, and explores how these relationships can be sustained and built upon so that they are based on the principles of mutual recognition, mutual respect, sharing and mutual responsibility. Municipalities and First Nations are increasingly collaborating on land use planning, development, and services provision, and municipal officials, including planners, need to consider the role they can have in transforming organisational structures and land use planning practices in a way that will foster collaboration with First Nations. Strong relationships allow for mutually beneficial projects to be explored and undertaken, they reduce the chance for conflict and misunderstanding, and they play an important role in meaningful reconciliation between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples This research utilizes a case study of the City of Calgary and the Tsuut’ina Nation to examine municipal-First Nation cooperation, and centres on how the relationship between the two communities evolved during negotiations to construct the southwest Calgary ring road through Nation land. Document review, policy analysis, and semi-structured interviews were used to determine the factors that encouraged the emergence of a cooperative relationship between the two neighbours. The research points to the importance of visionary community leadership in building trust and respect between First Nations and local governments...

Cultural Preservation and Self-Determination Through Land Use Planning: A Framework for the Fort Albany First Nation

Minkin, Daniel Paul
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 712306 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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55.98%
The Fort Albany First Nation (FAFN) in Ontario’s western James Bay region is interested in undertaking a community-based process of land use planning for its traditional territory, in order to respond to increasing resource development pressure within the area. To construct a framework for such a process, semi-structured interviews were held with 12 members of the FAFN and two staff members of the Mushkegowuk Council, which represents the FAFN at the regional level. Interviews focused on the substantive values that community members see as worthy of protection or management through the land use plan, and on the procedural values that ought to guide the process. In addition, three group discussions on valued ecosystem components were observed, to supplement interview data on substantive values. The results indicate that the community is concerned with preserving their way of life in the face of resource development pressure and social change, by protecting subsistence resources and strengthening the transmission of culture. Substantively, this means that the land use plan needs to protect wildlife and its habitat, navigable waterways, and water quality. Procedurally, this means that the planning process should engage the entire community in discussions of its cultural identity and connection to the land...

Finding Common Ground: Building Equitable Planning Futures with First Nations in Ontario, Canada

McLeod, Fraser
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
This thesis analyzes selective land use and resource management policies in the province of Ontario, Canada and their relative capacity at recognizing and supporting First Nations. Written in a manuscript format, this thesis addresses the three following questions: 1. How have land use and resource management legislation and policies in Ontario recognized and supported First Nations’ rights and notions of honouring past Crown-First Nation relationships? 2. How are First Nations recognized and supported in the current and past versions of the Provincial Policy Statement in the province of Ontario? 3. How can top-down territorial planning policies in Ontario take a fundamental shift towards promoting new types of relationships and mutual understanding between municipalities and Indigenous peoples by learning from the Aotearoa New Zealand planning context? The common approach to address these research questions is content analysis of policy documents through two separate analytical frameworks. The first manuscript addresses questions one and provides a baseline review of 337 provincial texts and their relative capacity at recognizing First Nations and Aboriginal and treaty rights, and embodying past Crown-First Nations relationships. The second manuscript then addresses the remaining questions by engaging in a comparative between the Ontario Provincial Policy Statement (PPS) (2014) and the Auckland Council Regional Policy Statement (ACRPS) (1999) from the Aotearoa New Zealand planning context. The results highlight the relative limits of Ontario’s current approach and practical areas of improvement. From a theoretical standpoint...

For the Community, By the Community: Working with Youth to Develop a Physical Activity Environment Assessment Tool for First Nations Communities

Baillie, Colin
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
Introduction: Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of physical activity (PA) for First Nations youth (Critchley et al., 2006; Tighe & McKay, 2012). It is also well-known that environmental factors like land-use mix and residential density play a critical role in the quality of PA opportunities available to youth (Ding, Sallis, Kerr, Lee, & Rosenberg, 2011). While the PA-environment link in urban centres is well understood, there has never been an exploration of the unique relationship First Nations youth have with their environment and how it might influence PA levels. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the PA-environment relationship with First Nations youth to inform the development of a culturally relevant PA environment assessment tool for First Nations communities. Methods: Using the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and Two-Eyed Seeing, First Nations youth (n=14) were trained in the art of Photovoice to take photos that illustrate ways in which the environment influences their PA. Youth also completed the Rural Active Living Assessment (RALA) tool. Next, the youth were asked to join a talking circle to share their experience of PA opportunities in their community as well as to discuss the RALA tool. Talking circles were analyzed for themes using NVivo software for Windows. Results: Youth co-researchers indicated that the First Nations community environment influences their PA through multiple ecological levels. The organization of themes using the socio-ecological model demonstrates that youth PA is influenced by the environment from the interpersonal to the policy level. This conceptual model will be used in addition to RALA tool commentary provided by youth co-researchers to develop a PA environment assessment tool. Discussion: This study was the first to explore the PA-environment link in First Nations communities from a First Nations youth perspective in order to develop a culturally relevant PA environment assessment tool. The new tool...

Engaging First Nations Youth through Reciprocal Intercommunity Exchange

HEWITT, JUDITH M
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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66.28%
This phenomenological study of a First Nations to First Nations reciprocal student exchange elicited and explored the meanings of a reciprocal intercommunity exchange for grade 7 and 8 students in two First Nations schools. Representative student research participants from one of the schools shared their pictures, stories and memories of their experiences through photo-story (Truchon, 2007; Wang & Burris, 1997) and in a sharing circle (Lavallee, 2007). The students‟ journeys were not only physical and geographical, but also emotional and cultural. I also journeyed to an acceptance of my outsider/insider status growing up in a First Nations community. As a non-Aboriginal researcher, I negotiated a space between the demands of the academic institution and the First Nations community; and chose research methods that were congruent with Indigenous Research Methodology (Wilson, 2008; Kovach, 2009; Smith, 1999). The four themes that emerged from the data: community and relationships; culture and ceremony; connections with place, and confidence building are congruent with AFN‟s vision of “reciprocal inter-community exchanges promoting sharing of culture” (AFN, 2007) and with Cajete‟s (1999) vision of “igniting the sparkle.” These students said that: “learning about another culture made me want to learn more about my own.” Listening to these students share what was gained through this exchange and their dreams for the future revealed their hope and persistence. The example of a practice such as a reciprocal exchange which encouraged and iii engaged these youth could stimulate other First Nations communities to seek out similar educational practices that would benefit their youth.; Thesis (Master...

Association entre l'insécurité alimentaire et les apports en nutriments chez les Premières Nations de la Colombie-Britannique

Eid, Lara
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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56.29%
Cette étude a pour but de vérifier l’association entre l’insécurité alimentaire et les apports nutritionnels des Premières Nations vivant sur les réserves de la Colombie-Britannique, ainsi que la présence d’interactions de la nourriture traditionnelle dans la relation entre l’insécurité alimentaire et les apports nutritionnels. Un rappel de 24h et le questionnaire sur l’insécurité alimentaire du HFSSM adapté par Santé Canada provenant de la First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study (FNFNES) ont servi pour les analyses statistiques chez 493 femmes et 356 hommes dans 21 communautés de Premières Nations de la Colombie-Britannique. Aucune association entre l’insécurité alimentaire et les apports nutritionnels totaux n’a été observée dans notre échantillon. Par contre, la nourriture traditionnelle interagissait dans la relation entre l’insécurité alimentaire et les apports nutritionnels pour plusieurs nutriments chez les hommes et chez les femmes. Chez les femmes, la qualité nutritionnelle pourrait jouer un rôle important dans la relation entre l’insécurité alimentaire et les apports nutritionnels. Chez les hommes, des différences dans les comportements alimentaires pourraient être associées au manque de nourriture traditionnelle chez ceux ayant manifesté une insécurité alimentaire grave. Enfin...

Community remoteness and birth outcomes among First Nations in Quebec

Wassimi, Spogmai
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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66.29%
OBJECTIF: Chez les Autochtones, la relation entre le degré d'éloignement et les issues de naissance est inconnue. L’objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer cet impact parmi les Premières Nations du Québec. MÉTHODE : Nous avons utilisé les données vitales de Statistique Canada pour la province du Québec pour la période 1991-2000. L’ensemble des naissances géocodées parmi les communautés des Premières Nations groupées en quatre zones en se basant sur le degré d'éloignement a été analysé. Nous avons utilisé la régression logistique multi-niveaux pour obtenir des rapports de cotes ajustés pour les caractéristiques maternelles. RESULTATS : Le taux de naissances prématurées varie en fonction de l’éloignement de la zone d’habitation (8,2% dans la zone la moins éloignée et 5,2% dans la Zone la plus éloignée, P<0,01). En revanche, plus la zone est éloignée, plus le taux de mortalité infantile est élevé (6,9 pour 1000 pour la Zone 1 et 16,8 pour 1000 pour la Zone 4, P<0,01). Le taux élevé de mortalité infantile dans la zone la plus éloignée pourrait être partiellement expliqué par le fort taux de mortalité post-natale. Le taux de mort subite du nourrisson est 3 fois plus élevé dans la zone 4 par rapport à la zone 1. Cependant la mortalité prénatale ne présente pas de différences significatives en fonction de la zone malgré une fréquence élevée dans la zone 4. La morbidité périnatale était semblable en fonction de la zone après avoir ajusté pour l’âge...

Relations entre l'excès de poids, la qualité de l'alimentation et l'insécurité alimentaire chez les Premières Nations vivant sur les réserves de la Colombie-Britannique, Canada

Buhendwa Mirindi, Victor
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.27%
La prévalence de l’excès de poids (EP) est en pleine croissance à travers le monde. Au Canada, elle serait de 59,1% dans la population générale, dont 23,1% d’obésité et 36,0% d’embonpoint. Ces pourcentages sont encore plus élevés dans la population autochtone, en plus d’une forte prévalence d’insécurité alimentaire (IA) et une alimentation en transition vers de moins en moins de nourritures traditionnelles, et de plus en plus de nourritures commerciales de faible densité nutritionnelle. L’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) recommande des initiatives pour documenter le statut sanitaire de cette population afin d’orienter les actions pouvant prévenir les conséquences négatives sur la santé. Notre étude visait donc à décrire les phénomènes de l’EP et de l’IA chez les Premières Nations (PN) adultes de 19 ans et plus, vivant sur les réserves en Colombie-Britannique (CB). Cet échantillon est en effet le premier d’un projet de 10 ans dénommé « First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study » ou (FNFNES), visant à documenter l’état nutritionnel et l’exposition à certains contaminants chez les PN vivant au sud du 60ème parallèle au Canada. Plus particulièrement, cette thèse cherche à associer trois dimensions de la santé...

Dietary supplement use and its impact on nutritional adequacy for British Columbia and Manitoba First Nations adults living on reserve.

Tupytsia, Lesya
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
Contexte: L'utilisation de suppléments alimentaires est répandue chez les populations américaines et canadiennes en général, mais on en sait peu sur la consommation de suppléments alimentaires dans la population autochtone canadienne. Objectif: L'objectif général de cette étude est de prendre en compte l'utilisation de suppléments alimentaires dans l'évaluation nutritionnelle des apports alimentaires des adultes des Premières nations vivant dans les réserves en Colombie-Britannique et Manitoba. Conception: Les données ont été recueillies par l’étude ‘First Nations Food, Nutrition, and Environment Study’ de 1103 (Colombie-Britannique) et 706 (Manitoba) adultes des Premières Nations âgés de 19 à 70 ans. L'étude a utilisé un rappel alimentaire des dernières 24 heures (avec un deuxième rappel pour un sous-échantillon) pour évaluer la diète alimentaire. L'utilisation de suppléments alimentaires et des antiacides ont été recueillis par un questionnaire de fréquence. En utilisant le logiciel SIDE pour tenir compte des variations intra-individuelles dans la prise alimentaire et la technique du bootstrap pour obtenir des estimations représentatives des différentes régions, l'utilisation de suppléments de la vitamine A...

Cervical cytology screening. How can we improve rates among First Nations women in urban British Columbia?

Hislop, T. G.; Clarke, H. F.; Deschamps, M.; Joseph, R.; Band, P. R.; Smith, J.; Le, N.; Atleo, R.
Fonte: College of Family Physicians of Canada Publicador: College of Family Physicians of Canada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
OBJECTIVE: To determine Pap smear screening rates among urban First Nations women in British Columbia; to identify facilitators and barriers; and to develop, implement, and evaluate specific interventions to improve Pap smear screening in Vancouver. DESIGN: Computer records of band membership lists and the Cervical Cytology Screening Program registry were compared to determine screening rates; personal interviews and community meetings identified facilitators and barriers to urban screening programs. A community advisory committee and the project team collaborated on developing specific interventions. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Purposive sample of British Columbia First Nations women, focusing on women living in Vancouver. INTERVENTIONS: Poster, art card, and follow-up pamphlet campaign; articles in First Nations community papers; community meetings; and Pap smear screening clinics for First Nations women. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pap smear screening rates among BC First Nations women according to residence and reasons for not receiving Pap smears. RESULTS: Pap smear screening rates were substantially lower among First Nations women than among other British Columbia women; older women had even lower rates. No clear differences were found among First Nations women residing on reserves...