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A geopolítica da rede e a governança global de internet a partir da cúpula mundial sobre a sociedade da informação; The geopolitics of the net and global governance of the internet starting from the world summit on the information society

Silva, Michele Tancman Candido da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/12/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.51%
São inúmeros os países que debatem a supervisão política da Internet. Do ponto de vista geográfico, a atual supervisão, pela ICANN, reflete a centralização do poder e do controle mantido por um único país, os EUA. Este fato fragmenta os demais Estados Nacionais que buscam formar uma Governança de Internet multilateral. Uma das questões centrais que buscamos desvendar em nosso trabalho é identificar se há possibilidade de se estabelecer uma Governança Global de Internet capaz de atuar no modelo multistakeholder, ou multilateral, cuja responsabilidade governamental atua com atores da sociedade para um pacto global de Internet onde as correlações de forças se alteram de forma democrática, eqüitativa e equilibrada, igualitária com objetivo de atender as demandas da sociedade global. No intuito de verificar a constituição do modelo de governança da Internet brasileira investigamos a história da implantação da Internet no Brasil, desde instalação das redes acadêmicas não comerciais, no final dos anos 80, à formação do marco regulatório com a criação do Governo Eletrônico em 1995. Até o momento as questões geopolíticas que envolvem a Governança de Internet, a partir de um sistema internacional, demonstram que as propostas atendem a múltiplos interesses e que podem levar a conflitos...

Governança e regulação transnacional privada: os limites do sistema agroindustrial da soja; Governance and Transnational Private Regulation: limits of the Agribusiness Systems of Soybean

Rodrigues, Pietro Carlos de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
A ascensão de atores não estatais tem suscitado agendas de pesquisa que questionam a centralidade do Estado e de seus agentes na área de Relações Internacionais. A emergência do setor privado (empresas) e do chamado terceiro setor (ONGs) em temas de Regulação e Governança Global têm promovido um profícuo debate, de caráter interdisciplinar, com outras áreas do campo das Humanidades, especialmente o Direito e a Economia. A presente dissertação buscou demonstrar como o sucesso da atuação de atores não estatais na provisão de regras internacionais, para temas como meio ambiente, padrões trabalhistas, e responsabilidade socioambiental, depende de um grande número de variáveis, dificilmente circunscritas a uma única dimensão de análise. A pesquisa realiza uma ampla sistematização bibliográfica das diferentes literaturas em Ciência Política, Relações Internacionais e Economia Institucional e das Organizações sobre regulação e governança privada na busca de denominadores comuns para a compreensão do alcance e dos limites da atuação de atores privados na promoção de regras internacionais de comércio. O estudo de caso em tela versa sobre as dificuldades de influência e adesão dos agentes do sistema produtivo da soja no Brasil à iniciativa transnacional da Associação Internacional da Soja Responsável (RTRS)...

A Global Governance Approach to FAO: Proximity, Legitimacy & Accountability- Averting the global food crisis

Rocha de Sousa, Miguel
Fonte: Universidade de Évora / Comissão Organizadora do ESADR 2013 Publicador: Universidade de Évora / Comissão Organizadora do ESADR 2013
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
This paper assesses the different dimensions of Global Governance for International Organizations in different settings and contexts. We focus specifically on the (P,L,A) Proximity, Legitimacy, Accountability approach measuring it by using the Zweifel (2006) framework. We update his approach taking into account the current global crisis since 2008, and construct a new rating and ranking for the Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A.O.). Some policy recommendations, namely for FAO organization are expected, namely trying to avert the global food crisis, and the rating and ranking among other functional organizations such as the IMF, WB, WTO, WFP, and UN. The final goal is to abridge almost all the International Organizations (IO) in the framework of Global Governance and establish a new framework to compare the different working dimensions of appointment, transparency, delegation, deny/over-rule, accountability specifically for F.A.O.

Chinese engagement for Global Governance: aiming for a better room at the table?

Oliveira,Henrique Altemani de; Leite,Alexandre César Cunha
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
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66.22%
The text defends the thesis that China is aware that its process of modernization is still recent and needs more growth, maturation and consolidation to assume the role and responsibilities of a regional or even a global leader. This text pursues an understanding about the Chinese stance in relation to the negotiations for the redefinitions of the International Order and the International System (and, hence, Global Governance) and, secondly, seeks to perceive the reactions of non-developed and developed countries in relation to Chinese strategies.

Brazil in the context of global governance politics and climate change, 1989-2003

Viola,Eduardo
Fonte: ANPPAS - Revista Ambiente e Sociedade Publicador: ANPPAS - Revista Ambiente e Sociedade
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 Português
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66.24%
The climate regime is the more comprehensive and ambitious of all environmental regimes, linking in a very direct way one the most crucial economic issue, the use of energy and energy efficiency with one of the stronger environmental threaten. For this reason the climate regime is one of the most important examples of the impasses of building up some limited global governance in a unipolar anarchic world. The paper discusses the evolution of the Brazilian standing in its relation with the world during the last decade: moving from a more nationalist toward a more liberal and globalist standing in many issues related to the governance of the world. Also, the paper analyses the evolution of the Brazilian stance in the negotiations of the Kyoto Protocol: strong defense of the principle of common/differentiated responsibility, proposal of Clean Development Fund, alliance with USA for transforming the Clean Development Fund in the Clean Development Mechanism, moving from opposition to supporting of flexibility mechanisms, making bridge between developed and developing countries in many negotiations, supporting the European Union in the opposition to the inclusion of carbon sinks, opposition to emergent countries voluntary commitments, opposition to the eligibility of primary forest protection for the Clean Development Mechanism...

Power and the Global Governance of Plant Genetic Resources

Sutherland, Johanna
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Português
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This thesis explores the location and nature of the power that is deepening and broadening the revolution in modern biotechnologies, and which is inherent in the global governance of one type of genetic resource — plant genetic resources. Plant genetic resources are of increasing importance within the global political economy and ecology because of the power/knowledge networks contributing to, and responding to developments in the biotechnology sector, and concerned with the rampant erosion of biological diversity. The thesis argues that transnational norms, values and knowledge are important aspects of power. Discursive power, and particularly the power inherent in discourses of sustainable development, security and human rights, are a central focus of the thesis. The thesis challenges realist, neo-realist and other structural analyses of power which focus on relative distributions of power at the level of individual states or at the global level.; Note: This thesis may also appear under the author name "Jaireth"; yes

LEGITIMITÄT UND LEGALITÄT IM VÖLKERRECHT. Die völkerrechtstheoretische Debatte um die Legitimität Governance-Strukturen; Legitimacy and Rule of Law in Public International Law

Muñoz Hernández, Fernando
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.4%
„Legitimität und Legalität im Völkerrecht“ wurde 2009 von der Juristischen Fakultät der Eberhard-Karls-Universität als Dissertation angenommen. Hauptgegenstand dieser Arbeit ist die Darstellung der völkerrechtlichen Diskussion über Legalität und Legitimität angesichts der Entstehung supranationaler Organisationen und des mit ihnen einhergehenden Phänomens der global governance. Im ersten Kapitel wird der historische und philosophische Prozess beschrieben, in dem die Differenzierung von beiden Größen stattfand und zwar als Begleiterscheinung der Etablierung des Rechtsstaates im Europa. Im Zweiten Kapitel wird der völkerrechtliche Legalitätsbegriff thematisiert, welcher die wichtigsten Züge der rechtstaatlichen Legalität angenommen hat. Im drittel Kapitel wird die völkerrechtliche Debatte über Legalität und Legitimität dargestellt. Zwei Konstellationen sind hierfür maßgeblich: das Phänomen der global governance und die Relativierung des Legalitätsbegriffs anhand Legitimitätsüberlegungen, wie bei dem Kosovo-Krieg. In den Schlussfolgerungen der Arbeit werden Gründen für die strikte Achtung der völkerrechtlichen Legalität angeführt.; „Legitimacy and Rule of Law in Public International Law“ was accepted as a doctoral dissertation in 2009 by the Eberhard Karls University Tübingen. The primary aim of this thesis is to present the discussion on legality and legitimacy in public international law in the light of the emergence of supranational organisations and the phenomenon of global governance. The first chapter deals with the historic and philosophical process that gave way to the differentiation of both concepts as a corollary of the establishment of the rule of law in Europe. The second chapter deals with the concept of legality within public international law. This concept has adopted the most important features of the notion of legality that is based on the rule of law. The third chapter presents the debate on legality and legitimacy within public international law. Two constellations are relevant in this regard: the phenomenon of global governance and the relativisation of the concept of legality in the light of arguments related to legitimacy such as in the case of the Kosovo War. The conclusions of this thesis offer reasons for the strict observance of legality in public international law."

Global Governance: From ‘Exclusive’ Executive Multilateralism to Inclusive, Multipartite Institutions

Rittberger, Volker
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: ResearchPaper
Português
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66.55%
Global Governance in the absence of a world state, based upon the self-imposed compliance with rules, implying global regulatory and (re-)distributive mecha-nisms, is nearly unimaginable in today’s world without the participation of private sector actors (Brühl/Rittberger 2001: 20). In many issue areas of international relations, global governance already is a multipartite process in which, apart from governmental and intergovernmental actors (i.e. public actors), private actors from civil society and the business community ((I)NGOs and transnational corporations) participate. Although the intensity of public-private cooperation and the extent to which private actors are involved in processes of setting global norms and rules and of their implementation vary from issue area to issue area, the fact that private actors today play an important role in generating and monitoring a large number of global norms and rules, and in monitoring the compliance of their addressees with them, cannot be overlooked. This paper consists of four parts, in which I shall present and discuss the follow-ing four propositions concerning the above indicated developments: 1. A trend from institutions of ‘exclusive’ executive multilateralism towards inclusive...

Legitimacy and Global Governance in Managing Global Public Health; Legitimität und Weltregieren in der globalen Gesundheitspolitik

Huckel Schneider, Carmen
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
This dissertation is concerned with health governance on the global level, where over the past fifteen years a number of new organisations have emerged that address major global public health issues. Three examples are the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, (GFATM), the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI Alliance), and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), each of which are examined in depth in the dissertation. These organisations differ significantly from intergovernmental organisations such as the WHO and can be classified as organisations of ‘global governance’. Two basic observations provide the motivation for study. First, the work of each of these organisations can be said to be based on principles that shift away from intergovernmentalism, towards managerialism and cosmopolitanism. Second, despite this break with the conventional model of intergovernmentalism, these organisations are increasing their operational scope in terms of determining rules for action, and gaining funding. The dissertation proceeds to address the question of how GHG Organisations – having moved away from the conventional model of global level governance of intergovernmentalism – come to be accepted as legitimate governing organisations. Following a historical tracing of the evolution of governance in the area of global health...

Transnationale Städtenetzwerke als Instrument interkommunaler Kooperation im Zeitalter globaler Vernetzung : Das europäisch-lateinamerikanische Städtenetzwerk URB-AL; Transnational City Networks as an Instrument of Inter-City Cooperation in the Age of Global Interconnectedness : The Euro-Latin American City Network URB-AL

Rothfuß, Rainer
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.34%
Netzwerke spielen eine immer wichtigere Rolle als räumliche Struktur wirtschaftlicher Entwicklungsprozesse und auch als Form der Steuerung und Organisation politischer, unternehmerischer und sozialer Verflechtungen. Der Bedeutungszuwachs transnationaler Netzwerkstrukturen wurde erst durch die technologische Revolution im Bereich der Kommunikation und des Transportwesens ermöglicht. Im Hinblick auf die räumlichen Wirtschaftsstrukturen wurde er aber auch gefördert durch die Neudefinierung grundlegender raumordnerischer Ziele, die unter neoliberalem Vorzeichen in der Mehrzahl der Staaten keine räumlich ausgleichende Entwicklung mehr priorisieren, sondern die Steigerung der internationalen Wettbewerbsfähigkeit spezialisierter Cluster um deren Positionierung in den globalen Wirtschaftsnetzwerken zu sichern. Angesichts immer stärker auf die globale Ebene verlagerter politischer, wirtschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Verflechtungen verlieren die Nationalstaaten zunehmend die Steuerungsfähigkeit über Abläufe in ihrem eigenen Territorium. Parallel zu diesem Denationalisierungsprozess vergrößert sich die Stärke und Reichweite des Einflusses der subnationalen Ebene. Stadtverwaltungen organisieren sich zunehmend in transnationalen bis hin zu globalen Städtenetzwerken...

The International Community and Global Governance of Human Security

PELTONEN, Hannes
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
This paper addresses the global governance of human security and particularly its provision across borders. It argues that the responsibility to protect (R2P) framework is part of global governance. Of special interest to this paper is the role the international community plays within the global governance of human security. The international community is assigned a collective responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity that becomes activated when an individual state fails in its primary, individual responsibility to protect. Moreover, the international community is assigned an on-going preventative responsibility. In a sense the international community is a “governor” of sorts. Yet, the R2P framework is unclear in its conceptualization of the international community. Evidently within the R2P framework the international community is not a world government, a formal international organization, or necessarily synonymous with the society of states. Yet, existing alternative conceptualizations of “international community” are unhelpful. Hence the paper offers a novel suggestion: the international community as “potentiality.” The concept refers to the possibility of forming a configuration of actors and networks for the purposes of solving global governance issues. My proposal captures both how the international community is in flux and ad hoc...

Global Administrative Law: An Italian perspective

CASSESE, Sabino; BATTINI, Stefano; D’ALTERIO, Elisa; NAPOLITANO, Giulio; DE BELLIS, Maurizia; CAROLI CASAVOLA, Hilde; MORLINO, Elisabetta; CASINI, Lorenzo; CHITI, Edoardo; SAVINO, Mario
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Outros Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.42%
This Policy Paper collects a set of contributions given and discussed at the Conference on “Global Administrative Law: an Italian Perspective”, European University Institute, Global Governance Programme, 24 February 2012. The purpose of the conference was to present the work of a group of Italian scholars who have, to date, written more than a hundred articles or books on Global Administrative Law (GAL), and have been or are engaged in around ten collective enterprises on the subject. After a brief introduction by Sabino Cassese, in which the main features of GAL and its significance are examined, nine contributions deal with a high number of legal issues raised by globalization and global governance. All of them adopt a GAL approach in order to tame and frame relevant topics such as the role of administrative law beyond the State (Stefano Battini), courts acting as global regulators (Elisa D’Alterio), the global governance after the financial crisis (Giulio Napolitano), the global financial regulation (Maurizia De Bellis), global rules of public procurement (Hilde Caroli Casavola) and procurement regimes of international organizations (Elisabetta Morlino), global sports law (Lorenzo Casini), the relationships between GAL and EU administrative law (Edoardo Chiti) the transgovernmental power at the European and global level (Mario Savino). This Policy Paper aims at contributing to one of the most significant intellectual enterprise of 21st century...

Understanding global governance : institutional choice and the dynamics of participation

KOMESAR, Neil; POIARES PESSOA MADURO, Luis Miguel; WAGNER, Wendy; SHAFFER, Gregory C.; BAKARDJIEVA-ENGELBREKT, Antonina
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
Global governance is essentially about governance. That is, it is about those mechanisms that make societal or global determinations. Comparative institutional analysis is by its nature focused on governance and governance mechanisms and understanding institutional behavior lies in the dynamics of participation– the bottom-up forces that determine who is influential and who is not. In turn, the dynamics of participation is dependent in turn on the costs and benefits of participation. The works in this book attempt to establish and grow comparative institutional analysis as a general analytical framework for organizing the issues of global governance. The first chapter exams the basic constitutional issues faced by global governance. The second expands these insights to a general framework to analyze global governance. The third explores global governance and the use of comparative institutional analysis in the context of environmental issues. The fourth explores the institutional choice issues raised by trade and more broadly global public goods. The fifth examines what comparative institutional analysis of various sorts tell us about globalization and the role of law. Although this book sets out few answers, it does propose a route to a common understanding of the problems and with it a way to reach meaningful answers.; -- Introduction...

Constitutional "world views", global governance and international relations theory

LARIK, Joris
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
This paper addresses the constitutional entrenchment of foreign policy preferences, or “world views”, from the vantage point of International Relations theory. Empirically, norms that sketch out certain visions of global governance have become a popular feature of constitutional design. The paper expounds both their potential, as well as pitfalls to avoid, with a particular focus on Constructivist scholarship. In terms of their merits, they can serve as evidence of a “normative basis” for foreign policy and as parameters for legitimacy. Furthermore, they represent both evidence of, and fuel for, processes of socialization in foreign policy. However, Constructivists tempted to draw on such constitutional worldviews should heed three main caveats. Firstly, while the constitution is supreme in the legal realm, it is only one of many possible expressions of normative preferences from a political science perspective. Secondly, they should avoid confusion between domestic constitutional standards and universal ones. Thirdly, they should be aware of the problematic of the “dead hand of the past”, i.e., while constitutional entrenchment may lend norms particular gravitas, it also makes them prone to become out-dated. By staying clear of these pitfalls...

A Constitutional Tribute to Global Governance: Overcoming the Chimera of the Developing-Developed Country Dichotomy

NEUWIRTH, Rostam Josef
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
This paper is based on a draft which was presented at the international conference 'Exclusions from Constitutional Law', held at the School of Law of the University of Hong Kong, October 28-29, 2009. The paper gathers the results from numerous experiences and conversations with people related to the topics touched upon in this paper. Too numerous to mention all of them, I wish to thank in particular H. Patrick Glenn, Francis Snyder, M.P. Singh, Surya Deva, Sindhu Vasantha Nagaraja, Arno Kreilhuber, Holger Neuwirth, Iris Neuwirth, Abderrahmane Ould Isselmou, Miguel Ângelo Loureiro de Lemos, Iris Eisenberger, and Chen Zhi Jie for the many interesting conversations and their useful comments. I would especially like to thank Francesco Francioni and Alison Tuck for their kind support in the organization of my stay as a Visiting Fellow at the European University Institute (EUI) in summer 2010.; The past century has seen drastic changes and the pace with which they occur appears yet to be accelerating. It is not only we as individuals who have difficulties following these processes, but also the international legal and institutional framework put in place by previous generations no longer provides efficient responses to the imminent global challenges. It appears that the perennial struggle between continuity and change has reached a new level. This new level is summarized in the global governance debate which is aimed at deepening our understanding of the processes on which our paths depend and...

Reconsidering Gender in the Multi-level Governance of Land in East Africa: Governing the “Global Land Grab”?

Collins, Andrea M.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.51%
In the twenty-first century, there is a global rush for agricultural land. This rush is extremely profitable and extremely destabilizing, nowhere more so than in low-income countries with large reserves of arable agricultural land. Recent years have witnessed the emergence of global governance initiatives aimed at ameliorating the negative effects of large-scale commercial agricultural acquisitions. But low-income countries seeking to reform land governance have encountered serious obstacles. Tanzania is just such a case. For years, rural populations and feminist groups have been crying foul over forced displacement, corrupt land dealing, and the marginalization of women. Yet Tanzania has long been praised for its progressive efforts to recognize customary land tenure and promote gender equality in both land rights and participation in land governance. From the outside, one might think that Tanzania has successfully balanced global agricultural investment with local practices. But this is not necessarily the case. Why haven’t these Tanzanian measures been able to prevent unjust outcomes? This dissertation assesses global land governance initiatives with reference to Tanzania’s struggles to implement land governance reform. It argues that the road to land reform is complicated by oversimplified assumptions about gender in the governance of land. To develop this argument...

China's proposing behavior in Global Governance: the cases of the WTO Doha Round negotiation and G-20 process

Liu,Hongsong
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
This article examines China's proposals on the reform of global governance, and discusses the main features of China's proposing behavior in the cases of the WTO Doha Round negotiation and G-20 Process. The main findings are: (1) in the critical junctures of global governance reform, China engaged the reform of the global governance institutions proactively, and put forward a series of reform proposals; (2) in proposing behavior, China argued the global governance institutions should be properly adjusted without intention to change the basic principles, refrained from playing a leadership role while proposing jointly with other countries, and upheld the principled idea of pro-development.

Re-politicizing State Sovereignty in Global Governance: A Political Economy of Transparency in the Oil Sectors of Gabon and Ghana

Compaore, NADEGE
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.48%
In the last two decades, the study of transnational corporations (TNCs) and other non-state actors has gained an undisputed momentum in the fields of International Political Economy (IPE) and global governance, thus challenging realist notions of the state as the main actor in International Relations (IR). This dissertation argues that along with this paradigm shift, IPE and global governance scholars have increasingly understated the role that sate actors –especially those from the global south– play within global governance structures. My dissertation undertakes an in-depth examination of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), a voluntary global governance initiative launched in 2002, which aims to foster transparency in the oil, gas and mining sectors. The dissertation asks why some African states have complied with the EITI requirements, while others have not. I focus on the primary cases of Ghana and Gabon, two key illustrations of oil-rich African countries that have, in respective order, complied with, and failed to comply with, the EITI Standard. To explain this puzzle, dominant theories in African Politics and in IR focus on 1) “good” or “bad” governance within host states as an aid or challenge to compliance; 2) corporate behaviour as a hindrance...

Brazil and global governance: the case of climate change

Viola, Eduardo; UNEB - Brasília - DF
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
This paper hás four parts. In the first one we discuss the concept of global governance and the differentation of the world society in relation to the problems of global governance at the beginning of the 21st century: liberals, nationalists, cosmopolitans and neo-feudals. In the second part we discuss the problematic of climate change, one of the most important questions of global governance. In the third part we discuss the Brazilian standing in relation to most of the issues of global governance and show the transition from nationalism to liberalism. In the fourth part we analyze the Brazilian standing in the formation of the climate change regime.

Human security after state collapse: global governance in post-earthquake Haiti

Bolton, Matthew B.
Fonte: LSE Global Governance, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: LSE Global Governance, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
On 12 January 2010, Haiti suffered literal state collapse, as thousands of buildings crumbled in the 21st century’s deadliest earthquake. Over 200,000 were killed, 300,000 injured and 1.5 million displaced. Almost 20% of federal government employees were killed. The Presidential Palace lay in ruins and 27 of 28 federal government buildings were destroyed. An estimated 4,000 prisoners escaped from incarceration. In a remaining government building a couple months after the earthquake, one could still see civil servants rolling up bed mats in the morning, as they sought nightly refuge in their offices and the surrounding compounds. One UN official described it as the worst disaster the UN had ever had to confront. In this nightmarish context, to whom should a Haitian turn for protection from violence and ‘downside risks’ ? Into the vacuum left by the implosion of the state apparatus, compounded by a sudden and overwhelming need for physical and social protection, has rushed a vast complex of global public and private actors. Street patrols, food distributions, teacher training, epidemiological surveys and child protective services are being provided by a mix of bilateral, multilateral and NGO agencies. In this paper, I explore and interrogate this emerging political system of global governance in Haiti...