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Influence of obesity and handgrip strength in the static postural balance of active older women

Carneiro, José Ailton Oliveira; Almeida, Daniel Salvini; Coelho Vilaca, Karla Helena; Pfrimer, Karina; Grespan Santos-Pontelli, Taiza Elaine; Carneiro, Antonio Adilton Oliveira; Colafêmina, José Fernando; Ferriolli, Eduardo
Fonte: UNIV ESTADUAL PAULISTA-UNESP, INST BIOCIENCIAS; RIO CLARO Publicador: UNIV ESTADUAL PAULISTA-UNESP, INST BIOCIENCIAS; RIO CLARO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.88%
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the obesity and handgrip strength on the static balance of active older women in the opened and closed eyes conditions. Thirty one women aged from 65 to 75 years (16 eutrophic and 15 obese) were evaluated. Mean age and BMI of the eutrophic women were, respectively, 68.3 +/- 2.7 years and 23.4 +/- 1.6kg/m(2), and of the obese women were 69.1 +/- 2.7 years and 33.5 +/- 3kg/m(2). Handgrip strength was evaluated using a dynamometer (JAMAR). A tridimensional sensors system was used to evaluate the static postural balance. The tests were performed for 90 seconds, with eyes opened and closed. The mean handgrip strength of the eutrophic women was 25.1 +/- 4.6kgf and of the obese women was 24.8 +/- 5.2kgf, (p>0,05). Significant differences between groups were only observed in the maximum displacement with opened eyes (p=0,04) and closed eyes(p<0,01). There was no correlation between the maximum displacement neither with the BMI or the handgrip strength. The present study showed smaller a-p displacement in obese than in eutrophic women, with major statistic difference in the eyes closed condition. In the present study, the handgrip strength did not influence the static balance...

"Comparação entre a antropometria e o raio-x de dupla varredura para a avaliação da composição corporal de idosas diabéticas tipo 2 e sua associação com a força de preensão da mão" ; "Comaparison between anthropometry and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry to body composition evaluation of elderly diabetics type 2 women and this association with handgrip strength"

Fett, Waléria Christiane Rezende
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/02/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.86%
IMPORTÂNCIA: Mudanças significativas na composição corporal ocorrem com o envelhecimento, havendo aumento progressivo da massa gorda e redução da massa magra. Este quadro está associado à perda de força e mobilidade, ao aumento da morbidade e mortalidade. Nos indivíduos diabéticos tipo 2, esta condição é agravada pelas alterações metabólicas impostas pela doença. OBJETIVO: Comparar as medidas da composição corporal de idosas diabéticas tipo 2 pelo método antropométrico e raio-x de dupla varredura (DEXA), e correlacioná-las à força de preensão da mão. MÉTODOS: Cinqüenta e três voluntárias de 60 a 70 anos, com índice de massa corporal (IMC, kg/m2) de 19 a 44, do Ambulatório de Diabetes do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo, foram avaliadas por: medidas antropométricas, raio-x de dupla varredura e força de preensão da mão. RESULTADOS: a) composição corporal antropometria x DEXA: não houve diferença estatística entre os métodos para as médias do peso, massa corporal magra, massa corporal gorda, porcentagem de gordura total e porcentagem de gordura do braço (P > 0,05). O peso, a massa corporal magra, a massa corporal gorda e o percentual de gordura total foram significativamente correlacionados pelos dois métodos. b) índices corporais x DEXA: o IMC...

Short-term changes in handgrip strength, body composition, and lymphedema induced by breast cancer surgery

Gomes, Patricia Rodrigues Lourenço; Freitas Junior, Ismael Forte; Silva, Camila Buonani Da; Gomes, Igor Conterato; Rocha, Ana Paula Rodrigues; Salgado, Afonso Shiguemi Inoue; Carmo, Edna Maria Do
Fonte: Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia Publicador: Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 244-250
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.92%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); PURPOSE:This study investigated short-term changes in body composition, handgrip strength, and presence of lymphedema in women who underwent breast cancer surgery.METHODS:Ninety-five women participated in a cross-sectional study, divided into two groups: Control (n=46), with healthy women, and Experimental (n=49), with women six months after breast cancer surgery . The Experimental Group was subdivided into right total mastectomy (RTM, n=15), left total mastectomy (LTM, n=11), right quadrant (RQ, n=13), and left quadrant (LQ, n=10). It was also redistributed among women with presence (n=10) or absence (n=39) of lymphedema. Presence of lymphedema, handgrip strength, and body composition were assessed.RESULTS:Trunk lean mass and handgrip strength were decreased in the Experimental Group. Total lean mass was increased in the LTM compared to RTM or LQ. Left handgrip strength in LTM was decreased compared to RTM and RQ and in LQ compared to RTM and RQ. Finally, total lean mass, trunk fat mass, trunk lean mass, right and left arm lean mass were increased in women with lymphedema.CONCLUSIONS:Breast cancer survivors have changes in their body composition and in handgrip strength six months after surgery; however...

Factors associated with loss of handgrip strength in long-lived elderly

Lenardt,Maria Helena; Grden,Clóris Regina Blanski; Sousa,Jacy Aurélia Vieira de; Reche,Péricles Martim; Betiolli,Susanne Elero; Ribeiro,Dâmarys Kohlbeck de Melo Neu
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.55%
Objective To investigate the prevalence of reduced grip strength and associated factors in long-lived elderly, who are users of primary health care. Method Cross-sectional quantitative study, data were collected during the period of January to December of 2013, by applying tests and questionnaires. The convenience sampling was comprised of 157 seniors. Results The findings indicate that the reduction in grip strength presents a moderate prevalence (25.5%), predominantly among females (19.1%), in the age group of 80-89 years (18.5%) and in those with lower educational levels (15.9%). The association between reduced grip strength and the variables of age and body mass index showed a statistical significance. Conclusion Investigations about the handgrip strength are essential for identifying clinical conditions of Brazilian long-lived elderly, and contribute to the development of plans towards the management of frailty.

Short-term changes in handgrip strength, body composition, and lymphedema induced by breast cancer surgery

Gomes,Patricia Rodrigues Lourenço; Freitas Junior,Ismael Forte; Silva,Camila Buonani da; Gomes,Igor Conterato; Rocha,Ana Paula Rodrigues; Salgado,Afonso Shiguemi Inoue; Carmo,Edna Maria do
Fonte: Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia Publicador: Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.92%
PURPOSE: This study investigated short-term changes in body composition, handgrip strength, and presence of lymphedema in women who underwent breast cancer surgery. METHODS: Ninety-five women participated in a cross-sectional study, divided into two groups: Control (n=46), with healthy women, and Experimental (n=49), with women six months after breast cancer surgery . The Experimental Group was subdivided into right total mastectomy (RTM, n=15), left total mastectomy (LTM, n=11), right quadrant (RQ, n=13), and left quadrant (LQ, n=10). It was also redistributed among women with presence (n=10) or absence (n=39) of lymphedema. Presence of lymphedema, handgrip strength, and body composition were assessed. RESULTS: Trunk lean mass and handgrip strength were decreased in the Experimental Group. Total lean mass was increased in the LTM compared to RTM or LQ. Left handgrip strength in LTM was decreased compared to RTM and RQ and in LQ compared to RTM and RQ. Finally, total lean mass, trunk fat mass, trunk lean mass, right and left arm lean mass were increased in women with lymphedema. CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer survivors have changes in their body composition and in handgrip strength six months after surgery; however, the interaction between the type of surgery and its impact is unclear. Furthermore...

Effect of peripheral muscle fatigue during the testing of handgrip strength

Fernandes,Alex de Andrade; Brito,Ciro José; Vieira,Breno Cesar; Marins,João Carlos Bouzas
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.53%
Introduction Muscle fatigue is a phenomenon associated with physical work. It is common in endurance sports, physical fitness tests and daily activities. Some tests can be directly affected by the effect of peripheral muscle fatigue, including the handgrip strength (HGS) test, which is considered baseline measure for assessing the functionality of the hand. Objectives a) verify the effect of peripheral muscle fatigue (between trials) during the testing of HGS, with a 60-second recovery interval; b) to analyze whether there is a difference in considering the mean value obtained in three trials or the best result as the final result. Materials and methods The final sample comprised 1,279 men. We followed the standard methodology and used a hydraulic hand dynamometer. Results There were statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) in the dominant hand among all the trials: first (46.5 ± 8.6 Kgf), second (46.4 ± 8.5 Kgf) and third (46.1 ± 8.6 Kgf); and also in the non-dominant hand: first (44.9 ± 8.4 Kgf), second (44.5 ± 8.3 Kgf) and third (44.0 ± 8.3 Kgf). We also found statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) between the two ways of considering the final result. For the dominant hand...

Handgrip strength at midlife and familial longevity: The Leiden Longevity Study

Ling, Carolina H. Y.; de Craen, Anton J. M.; Slagboom, P. Eline; Westendorp, Rudi G. J.; Maier, Andrea B.
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.95%
Low handgrip strength has been linked with premature mortality in diverse samples of middle-aged and elderly subjects. The value of handgrip strength as marker of “exceptional” human longevity has not been previously explored. We postulated that the genetic influence on extreme survival might also be involved in the muscular strength determination pathway. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the muscle strength in a sample of middle-aged adults who are genetically enriched for exceptional survival and comparing them to a control group. We included 336 offspring of the nonagenarian from the Leiden Longevity Study who were enriched for heritable exceptional longevity, and 336 of their partners were used as controls. The Leiden Longevity study was a prospective follow up study of long-living siblings pairs together with their offspring and their partners. Handgrip strength was used as a proxy for overall muscle strength. No significant difference in handgrip strength was seen between the offspring of the nonagenarian and their partners after adjustment for potential confounders including body compositions, sum score of comorbidities, medication use, smoking and alcohol history. The main determinants of midlife handgrip strength were age...

The Effect of Hand Dimensions, Hand Shape and Some Anthropometric Characteristics on Handgrip Strength in Male Grip Athletes and Non-Athletes

Fallahi, Ali Asghar; Jadidian, Ali Akbar
Fonte: Versita, Warsaw Publicador: Versita, Warsaw
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/10/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.99%
It has been suggested that athletes with longer fingers and larger hand surfaces enjoy stronger grip power. Therefore, some researchers have examined a number of factors and anthropometric variables that explain this issue. To our knowledge, the data is scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hand dimensions, hand shape and some anthropometric characteristics on handgrip strength in male grip athletes and non-athletes. 80 subjects aged between 19 and 29 participated in this study in two groups including: national and collegian grip athletes (n=40), and non-athletes (n=40). Body height and mass were measured to calculate body mass index. The shape of the dominant hand was drawn on a piece of paper with a thin marker so that finger spans, finger lengths, and perimeters of the hand could be measured. The hand shape was estimated as the ratio of the hand width to hand length. Handgrip strength was measured in the dominant and non-dominant hand using a standard dynamometer. Descriptive statistics were used for each variable and independent t test was used to analyze the differences between the two groups. The Pearson correlation coefficient test was used to evaluate the correlation between studied variables. Also...

Association of handgrip strength with chronic diseases and multimorbidity: A cross-sectional study

Cheung, Ching-Lung; Nguyen, Uyen-Sa D. T.; Au, Eleanor; Tan, Kathryn C. B.; Kung, Annie W. C.
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.94%
The prevalence of chronic diseases has risen along with increased longevity. Co-occurrence of two or more chronic diseases in an individual (multimorbidity) is prevalent and poses a huge burden to individuals and the society. However, determinants of multimorbidity are largely unknown. Handgrip strength is a general indicator of muscle strength and linked with premature mortality. However, its role in multimorbidity has never been evaluated. To investigate the relationships between handgrip strength and multiple chronic diseases and multimorbidity, and to assess the usefulness of age and handgrip as a marker of chronic diseases and multimorbidity in a community dwelling sample of men and women, we analyzed a cross-sectional cohort with 1,145 subjects (748 men and 397 women) aged 50 years and older living in Hong Kong. Low handgrip strength was significantly associated with increased odds of having five and three chronic diseases in men and women, respectively, after controlling for age, body mass index, history of smoking, educational level, marital level and comorbidity. Multivariable-adjusted handgrip strength was significantly decreased with the number of chronic diseases in men (trend, P = 0.001), but the trend in women was marginal (trend...

Handgrip Strength Predicts Functional Decline at Discharge in Hospitalized Male Elderly: A Hospital Cohort Study

García-Peña, Carmen; García-Fabela, Luis C.; Gutiérrez-Robledo, Luis M.; García-González, Jose J.; Arango-Lopera, Victoria E.; Pérez-Zepeda, Mario U.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/07/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47%
Functional decline after hospitalization is a common adverse outcome in elderly. An easy to use, reproducible and accurate tool to identify those at risk would aid focusing interventions in those at higher risk. Handgrip strength has been shown to predict adverse outcomes in other settings. The aim of this study was to determine if handgrip strength measured upon admission to an acute care facility would predict functional decline (either incident or worsening of preexisting) at discharge among older Mexican, stratified by gender. In addition, cutoff points as a function of specificity would be determined. A cohort study was conducted in two hospitals in Mexico City. The primary endpoint was functional decline on discharge, defined as a 30-point reduction in the Barthel Index score from that of the baseline score. Handgrip strength along with other variables was measured at initial assessment, including: instrumental activities of daily living, cognition, depressive symptoms, delirium, hospitalization length and quality of life. All analyses were stratified by gender. Logistic regression to test independent association between handgrip strength and functional decline was performed, along with estimation of handgrip strength test values (specificity...

The Association of Handgrip Strength and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Six Ethnic Groups: An Analysis of the HELIUS Study

van der Kooi, Anne-Lotte L. F.; Snijder, Marieke B.; Peters, Ron J. G.; van Valkengoed, Irene G. M.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/09/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.98%
We investigated whether ethnic differences in handgrip strength, a marker of poor muscle strength and quality, is a potential cause of ethnic disparities in type 2 diabetes mellitus. We included 2086 Dutch, 2216 South Asian Surinamese, 2084 African Surinamese, 1786 Ghanaian, 2223 Turkish and 2199 Moroccan origin participants from the HELIUS study. We analyzed ethnic differences in handgrip strength, and its association with type 2 diabetes mellitus using logistic regression analyses adjusted for socio-demographic factors, body composition and lifestyle factors. Additionally, we investigated whether handgrip strength explained the ethnic differences in type 2 diabetes mellitus. We found that handgrip strength differed significantly across ethnic groups. After full adjustment, we found an inverse association with type 2 diabetes mellitus (OR 0.95; 95% CI 0.92–0.97) that did not differ substantially between ethnic groups, men and among women, and lean and overweight individuals. The association was not affected by the measure used to define type 2 diabetes mellitus, but was attenuated by exclusion of people with known diabetes. The ethnic differences in type 2 diabetes mellitus were not explained by handgrip strength (e.g. the OR for the South Asian Surinamese vs. Dutch changed from 5.03; 3.69–6.68 to 4.87; 3.57–6.65). In conclusion...

Efeito agudo da Kinesio Taping?? sobre a for??a isom??trica m??xima de preens??o manual e resist??ncia de for??a em esportistas saud??veis; Acute effect of Kinesio Taping ?? on maximal isometric strength and handgrip strength endurance in healthy athletes

ZANCHET, Marcos Atrib
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Educa????o F??sica; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Educa????o F??sica; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Educa????o F??sica; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Educa????o F??sica; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.7%
Given the increased use of tape Kinesio Taping ( KT ) by professionals working in sports and rehabilitation , it is necessary to conduct studies that focus on the effects of this method . As there are several proposed benefits from the application of KT , the objective is to quantify the physical effects of cutaneous stimulation with Kinesio Taping in the levels of maximal isometric strength and handgrip strength endurance . The present study is an experimental , repeated measures . Will be invited to compose the sportsmen young males , which do not have allergy to the material of the bandage or injury in the upper limbs . For collection of levels of muscular strength and endurance will use digital handgrip dynamometer . Data analysis will be performed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. A descriptive presentation of the data will average and standard deviation . A simple analysis of variance ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni test will be used to compare the difference between different groups banding; Dado o aumento da utiliza????o da bandagem Kinesio Taping (KT) por profissionais que atuam no meio esportivo e de reabilita????o, torna-se necess??ria a realiza????o de estudos que tenham como foco os efeitos desse m??todo. Como s??o v??rios os benef??cios propostos a partir da aplica????o da KT...

Maximal isometric handgrip strength and endurance differences between elite and non-elite young judo athletes

Bonitch-G??ngora, Juan G.; Almeida, Filipa; Padial Puche, Paulino; Bonitch-Dom??nguez, Juan G.; Feriche, Bel??n
Fonte: International Scientific Literature Inc. Publicador: International Scientific Literature Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.04%
Background and Study Aim: Judo is a combat sport in which the maintenance of handgrip strength is essential because the judokas repeat this action continuously during the struggle for grip. While descriptions of maximal isometric handgrip strength in judokas are relatively common, few data exist concerning the ability to resist successive isometric contractions in the hands and its relation to performance. The aim of this study was the differences and similarities between elite and non-elite young judokas in terms of maximal isometric handgrip strength and their endurance to this strength.; Material and Methods: Seventy-three adolescents participants from three national (elite) and one regional team (non-elite) were tested. The maximal isometric handgrip strength was recorded during a maximum test of 6 s with an electronic Digimax dynamometer. The endurance to the isometric handgrip strength was measured by a test consisting of 8 contractions of 10 s each alternating with 10 s of passive rest, and was also recorded with the same machine.; Results: The endurance test decreases the relative and mean isometric handgrip strength of male and female judokas (p???0.01), irrespective of their competitive level. However, male and female elite judokas developed higher levels of relative isometric handgrip strength in the maximum test and during all contractions of the endurance test than non-elite judokas (p???0.01 for both sexes). In all cases...

Analysis of handgrip strength from elderly women: a comparative study among age groups.; Análise da força de preensão de mulheres idosas: estudo comparativo entre faixas etárias.

Pereira, Rafael; Laboratório de Fisiologia e Biocinética, Universidade de Iguaçu, Itaperuna, RJ, Brasil.; Cardoso, Brunna S; Itaborahy, Alex S; Machado, Marco
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.03%
The senior population has increasing recently and demanding greater attention due to of falling related to the reduction of muscle strength. The early falling risk identification has been prized by many countries and allows the implementation of preventive actions, such as the participation of physical activities, which have been considered a promising way to prevent the loss of muscle mass and strength. By this way, the present application intended to identify the handgrip profile, known as an important predictor of physical function, of Brazilian women of different ages. Eight-four women were divided into four age groups (20-27, 50-64, 65-74, and 75-86 years old) being made the comparison among the peak of handgrip strength. It was observed smaller values of handgrip strength (p >0.05) for age groups 50-64,65-74 and 75-86 years old when compared to age group 20-27 years old. It has been identified a negative correlation among age and the peak of handgrip strength (Spearman's Rho = -0,78, p > 0.05) which was associated to much smaller values of peak of handgrip strength between age group 75-86 years old compared to age groups 50-64, and 65-74 years old (p > 0.05). The results demonstrate a functional decline beginning at the fifth decade...

Validation and reliability of a modified sphygmomanometer for the assessment of handgrip strength in Parkinson´s disease

Silva,Soraia M.; Corrêa,Fernanda I.; Silva,Paula F. C.; Silva,Daniela F. T.; Lucareli,Paulo R. G.; Corrêa,João C. F.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.77%
BACKGROUND: Handgrip strength is currently considered a predictor of overall muscle strength and functional capacity. Therefore, it is important to find reliable and affordable instruments for this analysis, such as the modified sphygmomanometer test (MST). OBJECTIVES: To assess the concurrent criterion validity of the MST, to compare the MST with the Jamar dynamometer, and to analyze the reproducibility (i.e. reliability and agreement) of the MST in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHOD: The authors recruited 50 subjects, 24 with PD (65.5±6.2 years of age) and 26 healthy elderly subjects (63.4±7.2 years of age). The handgrip strength was measured using the Jamar dynamometer and modified sphygmomanometer. The concurrent criterion validity was analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient and a simple linear regression test. The reproducibility of the MST was evaluated with the coefficient of intra-class correlation (ICC2,1), the standard error of measurement (SEM), the minimal detectable change (MDC), and the Bland-Altman plot. For all of the analyses, α≤0.05 was considered a risk. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation of moderate magnitude (r≥0.45) between the MST and the Jamar dynamometer. The MST had excellent reliability (ICC2...

Vascular perfusion, body composition and muscle strength in chronic kidney disease patients on regular hemodialysis program

Bernardino, Bruna; Novo, André; Azevedo, Pedro; Mendes, Eugénia; Preto, Leonel
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.55%
Hemodialysis is a technique that effectively replaces some functions of the human kidney, allowing the survival of such patients, since loss of kidney function is incompatible with life. In most patients with chronic kidney disease, the level of renal function tends to gradually decrease over time. The most serious outcome of chronic kidney disease is renal failure. The vascular access is vital in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing dialysis and their dysfunction is a major cause of morbidity and hospitalization. Adequate vascular access for hemodialysis defines not only a better therapeutic outcome and patient survival. The flow of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an important factor in the successful execution of the hemodialysis. Were studied 27 patients, 20 males and 7 females, with ages between 39 and 94 years old. The diameter and the flow of the draining vein were evaluated by ultrasound flow. Were also carried out the Hand Grip Test, the Pinch Gauge Test and it was done an anthropometric evaluation using a bioimpedance scale. This study aimed to identify the relationship between vascular perfusion, body composition and muscle strength in chronic kidney disease patients on regular hemodialysis program. The average flow of the arteriovenous fistula was 1340.096±304.615ml/min and the diameter of the arteriovenous fistula was...

Nutritional status and handgrip strength in elderly living at low human development index community; Estado nutricional e força de preensão manual em idosos residentes em comunidade com baixo índice de desenvolvimento humano

Queiroz, Bruno M.; Coqueiro, Raildo S.; Schettino, Ludmila; Pereira, Rafael; Fernandes, Marcos H.; Barbosa, Aline R.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.77%
Design of the study: Epidemiological cross-sectional population-based household study. Objective: To investigate the relationship between anthropometric indicators of nutritional status and muscular strength in community-dwelling elderly with low human development index. Methodology: Elderly (N = 316) residents of a city in Brazil’s Northeast Region were submitted to an interview and a physical evaluation. The dependent variable assessed was handgrip strength. The independent variables were body mass index and arm muscle area. The control variables were age, smoking, physical activity, hospitalization and hyperglycemia. Simple and multiple linear regression models were used for statistical analyses. Results: Following control by adjustment variables, there was significant positive correlation of handgrip strength with body mass index (βadjusted = 0.439; p = 0.010; r2 adjusted = 0.062) and arm muscle area (βadjusted = 0.046; p = 0.003; r2 adjusted = 0.087) for male individuals, but not for female individuals. Conclusions: Anthropometric indicators of nutritional status have been positively related to handgrip strength in elderly men, but not in women.; Modelo do estudo: Estudo epidemiológico transversal, populacional de base domiciliar. Objetivo: Verificar a relação entre indicadores antropométricos de estado nutricional e força muscular em idosos residentes em comunidade com baixo índice de desenvolvimento humano. Metodologia: Idosos (N =316) de uma cidade do Nordeste do Brasil foram submetidos a entrevista e avaliação física. A variável dependente analisada foi a força de preensão manual. As variáveis independentes foram o índice de massa corporal e a área muscular do braço. As variáveis de controle foram a idade...

Equações de referência para a predição da força de preensão manual em brasileiros de meia idade e idosos; Reference equations for predicting of handgrip strength in Brazilian middle-aged and elderly subjects

Novaes, Rômulo Dias; Miranda, Aline Silva de; Silva, Jaqueline de Oliveira; Tavares, Bruna Vasconcelos Fonseca; Dourado, Victor Zuniga
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.46%
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os valores normais da força de preensão manual do membro superior dominante (FPM-D) e não dominante (FPM-ND) em sujeitos de meia idade e idosos assintomáticos e elaborar equações de referência para a predição da FPM. Foram investigados 54 voluntários (51,9% homens) com idade >;50 anos, medindo-se massa corporal, estatura e perimetria do braço direito e esquerdo, e calculando-se o índice de massa corporal. A FPM-D e FPM -ND foram avaliadas por dinamometria mecânica. O índice de atividade física habitual (IAF) foi avaliado pelo questionário de Baecke. A FPM-D foi superior à FPM-ND em ambos os sexos e em todas as idades (p; The aim of the present study was to evaluate normal values of dominant (D) and non-dominant (ND) upper limb handgrip strength (HGS) in asymptomatic middle-aged elderly subjects and to establish reference equations for predicting HGS. Fifty-four volunteers (51.9% men) aged >;50 years old were enrolled. Weight, height, and both arms circumference were measured, being the body mass index calculated. Mechanical dynamometry was used to measure D-HGS and ND-HGS. Self-reported level of regular physical activity was assessed by Baecke questionnaire. D-HGS was higher than ND-HGS for both sexes and in all age groups (p

Assessment of hand grip strength: validity and reliability of the saehan dynamometer; Medida da força de preensão manual: validade e confiabilidade do dinamômetro saehan

Reis, Maurício Moreira; Arantes, Paula Maria Machado
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.53%
Existe uma grande variedade de instrumentos utilizados para a avaliação da força de preensão manual. Porém, não existem estudos demonstrando a validade e a confiabilidade da maioria destes instrumentos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a validade concorrente e a confiabilidade intraexaminador do dinamômetro Saehan hidráulico comparado-o com o dinamômetro Jamar hidráulico. Cem indivíduos sadios (50 homens e 50 mulheres), entre 20 e 50 anos de idade, sem alterações cognitivas, deficiências físicas, disfunções neuromusculares e ortopédicas e história de lesões nos membros superiores, foram testados com os dinamômetros Jamar e Saehan. A validade concorrente entre o dinamômetro Jamar e o dinamômetro Saehan foi excelente para os testes de força de preensão realizados com as mãos direita (r=0,976) e esquerda (r=0,986). A confiabilidade intra-examinador foi excelente tanto para o dinamômetro Jamar (r=0,985 mãos direita e esquerda) quanto para o dinamômetro Saehan (r=0,981 mão direita e r=0,985 mão esquerda). O dinamômetro Saehan é válido, confiável e comparável com o dinamômetro Jamar. Portanto, dados coletados com o dinamômetro Jamar são equivalentes aos dados coletados com o dinamômetro Saehan. Consequentemente...

Handgrip strength as a predictor of physical fitness in children and adolescents; Força de preensão manual como preditor de aptidão física em crianças e adolescentes

Matsudo, Victor Keihan Rodrigues; Centro de Estudos do Laboratório de Aptidão Física de São Caetano do Sul.; Matsudo, Sandra Mahecha; Centro de Estudos do Laboratório de Aptidão Física de São Caetano do Sul.; Rezende, Leandro Fornias Machado de; U
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; "Avaliado por Pares",; Original paper; Avaliado por Pares; Artigos Originais Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.96%
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2015v17n1p1 The objective of this study was to examine the association between hangrip strength and physical fitness in children and adolescents at different stages of sexual maturation. We measured body composition and handgrip strength in 233 children and adolescents (10 - 17 years-old), who varied in terms of pubertal status. The subjects also performed the vertical jump test, standing long jump and sit-ups, as well as tests of flexibility, agility and speed. The level of energy expenditure was assessed with the international physical activity questionnaire. Handgrip strength differed by pubertal status, regardless of gender, whereas other parameters of physical fitness differed by gender and in the sample as a whole. Handgrip strength was consistently and independently associated with all other physical fitness variables, regardless of gender; some of those were mediated by energy expenditure (i.e., speed in seconds and in meters per second for the sample as a whole). The strength of the association between handgrip strength and physical fitness ranged from 20% (vertical jump test: R2=.20; P=.001) to 47% (speed in meters per second: R2=.47; P=.001). Our results support the idea that handgrip strength is consistently associated with several distinct parameters of physical fitness...