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Analgesic Effects of Sweet-Tasting Solutions for Infants: Current State of Equipoise

HARRISON, Denise; BUENO, Mariana; YAMADA, Janet; ADAMS-WEBBER, Thomasin; STEVENS, Bonnie
Fonte: AMER ACAD PEDIATRICS Publicador: AMER ACAD PEDIATRICS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to review published studies of analgesic effects of sweet solutions, to ascertain areas with sufficient evidence of effectiveness and areas of uncertainty. METHODS: Databases searched included Medline, Embase, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature database, and PsycINFO, using the terms pain*, infant*, neonat*, newborn*, sucrose, glucose, and alternative sugars. Publications were sorted according to type, year, painful procedure studied, placebo/no-treatment groups, population studied, and country of publication. RESULTS: A total of 298 relevant unique publications involving human infants were identified; 125 (42%) were primary research studies, of which 116 (93%) were randomized controlled trials. Healthy preterm or term newborns were included in 82 studies (65%), and sick or very low birth weight infants were included in 22 (18%). Most studies included single episodes of painful procedures, with only 3 (2%) conducted over long periods. Procedures investigated most frequently were heel lance (49%), venipuncture (14%), and intramuscular injection (14%). Placebo or no-treatment groups were included in 111 studies (89%); in 103 (93%) of those studies, sweet solutions reduced behavioral responses...

Colostrum Ingested during the First Day of Life by Exclusively Breastfed Healthy Newborn Infants

SANTORO JR., Walter; MARTINEZ, Francisco Eulogio; RICCO, Rubens Garcia; JORGE, Salim Moyses
Fonte: MOSBY-ELSEVIER Publicador: MOSBY-ELSEVIER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
Objective To determine the mass of colostrum ingested by exclusively breastfed newborn infants during the first 24 hours of extrauterine life. Study design Milk ingested during the first 24 hours of life by 90 healthy newborn infants was evaluated by use of a scale with high sensitivity. The masses were measured during 8-hour periods. Associations of the mass measured with prenatal and postnatal variables were tested. Results The mass of colostrum ingested was evaluated in 307 feedings, with 3.4 +/- 1 feedings recorded per 8-hour period of observation. Mean gain per feeding was 1.5 +/- 1.1 g. The daily mass of milk ingested by newborn infants was estimated at 15 +/- 11 g. This volume did not show a tendency to increase during the first 24 postnatal hours, nor was it related to perinatal or postnatal factors or to breastfeeding time. Conclusions During the first 24 hours of life newborns ingested 15 +/- 11 g of milk. (J Pediatr 2010; 156: 29-32).; CNPq (Brazilian National Research Council)

Deuterium Equilibrium Time in Saliva of Newborn Infants

TRAVER, Luis Angelo Marti; MARTINEZ, Francisco Eulogio; FERRIOLLI, Eduardo; MARCHINI, Julio Sergio; MONTEIRO, Jacqueline Pontes; PFRIMER, Karina; SANCHEZ, Ana Paula Michelin; OLIVEIRA, Thais de; DUCATTI, Carlos; CAMELO JR., Jose Simon
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
There is an increasing interest about the use of stable isotopes for body composition analysis in pediatrics. To ensure the success of total body water analysis by the deuterium dilution method, it is fundamental to determine the equilibrium tune (plateau) of deuterium in the body fluid studied. Objectives: We report here the equilibration time of deuterium oxide in the saliva of newborns after oral intake of the isotope. Methods: Twenty healthy term newborn infants, 10 males and 10 females, were analyzed. Saliva was collected from each newborn before the oral administration of a 100 mg/kg dose of deuterium oxide (baseline sample) and then at 1-hour intervals for 5 hours after administration. Deuterium enrichment of saliva was determined by isotope ratio mass spectrometry according to the recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Results: The plateau time of deuterium in saliva occurred 3 hours after oral administration of the stable isotope. Conclusion: These data are essential for further studies on the body composition of newborn infants. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study regarding the equilibration time of deuterium in the saliva of term newborns. JPGN 48:471-474, 2009.; International Atomic Energy Agency...

Hormônios tireoidianos em recém-nascidos a termo com sepse neonatal; Thyroid hormones in full-term newborn infants with neonatal sepsis

Silva, Maria Helena Baptista Nunes da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/01/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.68%
Recém-nascidos com sepse apresentam sintomas clínicos e alterações laboratoriais por tempo e gravidade variáveis. A sepse neonatal pode comprometer diversos tecidos e modificar a ação das enzimas, incluindo a desiodase tipo 1, responsável pela formação do T3 plasmático a partir do T4 nos tecidos periféricos. Além disso, em certos períodos da doença, pode haver uma ação reduzida do T4 em níveis teciduais. Estas alterações são identificadas como Doença Não Tireoidiana, e pouco se conhece sobre ela no período neonatal. Os objetivos deste estudo foram determinar os níveis séricos dos hormônios tireoidianos em recém-nascidos a termo durante a sepse e a convalescença, verificando a presença da Doença Não Tireoidiana e determinando seus padrões na sepse de curta duração, na sepse prolongada e no choque séptico. Foram estudados 28 recém-nascidos a termo com sepse, 12 com duração prolongada por mais de oito dias e 15 com choque séptico. Os recém-nascidos que tiveram sepse prolongada foram os que apresentaram maior perda de peso desde o nascimento até o início da doença, média de 21 dias, e que tiveram culturas positivas para fungos. Doença Não Tireoidiana foi encontrada em 60,7% dos casos, prevalente nos recém-nascidos com sepse de prolongada duração...

A vivência da enfermeira no cuidado ao recém-nascido e aos seus pais na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal: uma abordagem da fenomenologia social; Nurses' experience in care for newborn infants and their parents at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: a social phenomenology approach

Conz, Claudete Aparecida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/04/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.68%
Este estudo teve como trajetória desvelar o fenômeno: enfermeira no cuidado ao recém-nascido e aos seus pais na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIn), e a sua ação na formação de vínculo afetivo. Para tanto, objetivou: conhecer a vivência da enfermeira no cuidado ao recém-nascido e aos seus pais na UTIn; compreender como as enfermeiras vivenciam o processo de vínculo afetivo entre recém-nascidos internados em UTIn e seus pais, e apreender o típico da vivência das enfermeiras em ações que envolvem este cuidado. Com tal proposta, optou-se por realizar uma pesquisa qualitativa, segundo a abordagem da fenomenologia social, com base nas questões norteadoras: Como você, enfermeira, vivencia o cuidado ao recém-nascido na UTIn e aos seus pais? O que você espera com o seu atendimento? Dos discursos das enfermeiras, identificou-se categorias concretas do vivido, que expressam aspectos significativos da vivência, considerando os motivos por que e os motivos para que determinam a relação de suas ações e que foram interpretadas, segundo o referencial de Alfred Schütz. Por meio da análise dessas categorias, chegou-se ao tipo vivido do grupo social "enfermeira que atua em UTIn junto aos recém-nascidos e aos seus pais" como sendo: aquela que é competente técnica e cientificamente no cuidado ao recém-nascido de risco...

Evolução do desenvolvimento motor e cognitivo de pré-escolares nascidos pré-termo de muito baixo peso egressos do método canguru; Very low weight preterm infants cognitive and motor development at preschool age that were former patients FROM THE KANGAROO METHOD

Gonçalves, Claudia Maria Ribeiro Martins
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
INTRODUÇÃO: O Método Canguru é um tipo de assistência neonatal que consiste no contato precoce pele a pele entre a mãe e o recém-nascido de baixo peso, de forma crescente e pelo tempo que ambos entenderem ser prazeroso e suficiente, permitindo dessa forma, uma maior participação dos pais no cuidado a seu recém-nascido, acompanhado de suporte assistencial, por uma equipe de saúde treinada adequadamente. Tem como premissa a interação dinâmica e continua entre fatores biomédicos e ambientais. OBJETIVO: Descrever a evolução do desenvolvimento motor e cognitivo de pré-escolares de muito baixo peso egressos do Método Canguru, que receberam leite humano durante o período de internação. MÉTODOS: Foram estudadas 54 crianças prematuras, no período de Janeiro de 2004 a Janeiro de 2011 que participaram do Método Canguru e acompanhadas no Ambulatório de Seguimento, até a idade pré-escolar. Essas crianças foram submetidas ao teste Denver II, com um ano e novamente na idade préescolar quando foi aplicada a Escala de Maturidade Mental Colúmbia. METODOLOGIA ESTATÍSTICA: As variáveis contínuas serão descritas através de suas médias e desvios-padrão. Aquelas com comportamento não paramétrico, serão descritas através da mediana e do intervalo inter-quartil. As variáveis categóricas serão descritas através de suas proporções e intervalos de confiança de 95%. Para descartar a hipótese de nulidade será utilizado o nível de corte de 5%. RESULTADOS: Na amostra houve predominância do sexo feminino de 65%...

Blood galactose and glucose levels in mothers, cord blood, and 48-hour-old breast-fed full-term infants

Bossolan, Grasiela; Trindade, Cleide E. P.; Barreiros, Rodrigo Crespo
Fonte: Karger Publicador: Karger
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 121-126
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
Background: Although galactose is an important component in human lactose, there are few reports of its role in the newborn metabolism. Objective: To determine the relationship of blood galactose and glucose levels in mothers, cord blood, and breast-fed full-term newborn infants. Methods: Maternal and cord vein blood samples were obtained from 27 pregnant women at delivery, and from their breastfed, full-term newborns 48 h later. Galactose and glucose were determined by HPLC. Statistical analysis used ANOVA and Pearson correlation with p < 0.05. Results: Maternal galactose concentrations (0.08 +/- 0.03 mmol/l) were similar to cord blood galactose (0.07 +/- 0.03 mmol/l; p = 0.129). However, newborn blood galactose (0.05 +/- 0.02 mmol/l) was significantly lower than both cord (p = 0.042) and maternal blood (p = 0.002). Maternal blood glucose levels (4.72 +/- 0.86 mmol/l) were higher than cord blood (3.98 +/- 0.57 mmol/l; p < 0.001), and cord blood concentrations were higher than newborn blood levels (3.00 +/- 0.56 mmol/l; p < 0.001); all values expressed as mean +/- SD. Significant correlation was only seen between maternal and cord blood galactose levels (r = 0.67; p < 0.001) and glucose levels (r = 0.38; p = 0.047). Conclusion: the association and similarity between maternal and cord blood galactose levels suggest that the fetus is dependent on maternal galactose. In contrast...

Deuterium Equilibrium Time in Saliva of Newborn Infants

Marti Traver, Luis Angelo; Martinez, Francisco Eulogio; Ferriolli, Eduardo; Marchini, Julio Sergio; Monteiro, Jacqueline Pontes; Pfrimer, Karina; Michelin Sanchez, Ana Paula; de Oliveira, Thais; Ducatti, Carlos; Camelo, Jose Simon
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 471-474
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); There is an increasing interest about the use of stable isotopes for body composition analysis in pediatrics. To ensure the success of total body water analysis by the deuterium dilution method, it is fundamental to determine the equilibrium tune (plateau) of deuterium in the body fluid studied.Objectives: We report here the equilibration time of deuterium oxide in the saliva of newborns after oral intake of the isotope.Methods: Twenty healthy term newborn infants, 10 males and 10 females, were analyzed. Saliva was collected from each newborn before the oral administration of a 100 mg/kg dose of deuterium oxide (baseline sample) and then at 1-hour intervals for 5 hours after administration. Deuterium enrichment of saliva was determined by isotope ratio mass spectrometry according to the recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency.Results: The plateau time of deuterium in saliva occurred 3 hours after oral administration of the stable isotope.Conclusion: These data are essential for further studies on the body composition of newborn infants. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study regarding the equilibration time of deuterium in the saliva of term newborns. JPGN 48:471-474...

Plasma amino acids in pregnancy, placental intervillous space and preterm newborn infants

Camelo Jr.,J.S.; Martinez,F.E.; Gonçalves,A.L.; Monteiro,J.P.; Jorge,S.M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
Plasma amino acid levels have never been studied in the placental intervillous space of preterm gestations. Our objective was to determine the possible relationship between plasma amino acids of maternal venous blood (M), of the placental intervillous space (PIVS) and of the umbilical vein (UV) of preterm newborn infants. Plasma amino acid levels were analyzed by ion-exchange chromatography in M from 14 parturients and in the PIVS and UV of their preterm newborn infants. Mean gestational age was 34 ± 2 weeks, weight = 1827 ± 510 g, and all newborns were considered adequate for gestational age. The mean Apgar score was 8 and 9 at the first and fifth minutes. Plasma amino acid values were significantly lower in M than in PIVS (166%), except for aminobutyric acid. On average, plasma amino acid levels were significantly higher in UV than in M (107%) and were closer to PIVS than to M values, except for cystine and aminobutyric acid (P < 0.05). Comparison of the mean plasma amino acid concentrations in the UV of preterm to those of term newborn infants previously studied by our group showed no significant difference, except for proline (P < 0.05), preterm > term. These data suggest that the mechanisms of active amino acid transport are centralized in the syncytiotrophoblast...

Selenium deficiency and the effects of supplementation on preterm infants

Freitas,Renata Germano B. O. N.; Nogueira,Roberto Jose N.; Antonio,Maria Angela R. G. M.; Barros-Filho,Antonio de Azevedo; Hessel,Gabriel
Fonte: Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo Publicador: Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
Objective: This study aimed to review the literature about blood concentrations of selenium associated with gestational age, feeding, supplementation and related clinical features in preterm infants. Data sources: Systematic review in the following databases: MEDLINE, PubMed, Google academics, SciELO. org, ScienceDirect (Elsevier) and CINAHL-Plus with Full Text (EBSCO). Articles published up to January 2013 with the keywords "selenium deficiency", "selenium supplementation", "neonates", "infants", "newborn" and "preterm infants" were selected. Data synthesis: The studies reported that low blood selenium levels are associated with increased risk of respiratory diseases. Preterm infants, especially with low birth weight, presented lower selenium levels. Selenium deficiency has also been associated with the use of oral infant formula, enteral and parenteral nutrition (with or without selenium addition). The optimal dose and length of selenium supplementation is not well-established, since they are based only on age group and selenium ingestion by breastfed children. Furthermore, the clinical status of the infant affected by conditions that may increase oxidative stress, and consequently, selenium requirements is not taken into account. Conclusions: Prematurity and low birth weight can contribute to low blood selenium in premature infants. Selenium supplementation seems to minimize or prevent clinical complications caused by prematurity.

Effect of a consultation teaching behaviour modification on sleep performance in infants: a randomised controlled trial

Symon, B.; Marley, J.; Martin, A.; Norman, E.
Fonte: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd Publicador: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Objective: To evaluate the effect of a behaviour modification program, taught to parents in a single visit to a trained nurse, in improving sleep performance in newborn infants. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting and participants: 268 families with normal newborn infants in the community, recruited between October 1996 and March 1997 from birth notices published in a South Australian daily newspaper. Intervention: A 45-minute consultation with a nurse 2–3 weeks after the birth, including a tutorial discussion on normal sleep patterns in newborn infants, supported by retained written material and, for infants with weight gain < 30 g daily, referral to their usual postnatal care provider. Main outcome measures: Hours of daytime sleep (0600–1800), night sleep (1800–0600) and total sleep per 24 h; and number of daily records with total sleep ≥ 15 h per 24 h, assessed by 7-day sleep diary at ages 6 and 12 weeks. Results: 268 families returned at least one sleep diary (137/171 intervention, 131/175 control), recording 3273 days. Two intervention infants were referred for low weight gain. Total sleep time was 15 h or more per 24 h on 62% of recorded days in the intervention group, compared with 36% in the control group (P < 0.001). At 6 weeks of age...

Sex-Specific Differences in Peripheral Microvascular Blood Flow in Preterm Infants

Stark, M.; Clifton, V.; Wright, I.
Fonte: Int Pediatric Research Foundation Inc Publicador: Int Pediatric Research Foundation Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Microvascular blood flow is related to physiologic instability in newborn preterm infants. We investigated sex-specific differences in basal microvascular blood flow and the ability of the microvasculature to respond to vasoactive stimuli following preterm birth. Ninety-six infants in two gestational age groups (24-28 and 29-36 wk) were studied on days 1-5 of life. Laser Doppler flowmetry was used to measure baseline microvascular blood flow and vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine and local warming. A significant interaction of gestational age and sex was observed for baseline flow at 24 h of age. In the 24-28 wk group, male infants had higher baseline flow than females. Male, but not female, infants born at 24-28 wk exhibited a significant relationship between baseline flow and vasodilatory response to acetylcholine at 24 h of age. By 120 h of age, both sexes exhibited similar responses. Infants born at 24-28 wk exhibited greater vasodilatation in response to local warming than those born at 29-36 wk at 24, 72, and 120 h of age. Sex-specific differences in microvascular blood flow and vasodilatory capacity in the immediate newborn period may affect the transitional circulation, contributing to excess of morbidity and mortality in preterm males.; Michal J. Stark...

Which newborn infants are too expensive to treat? Camosy and rationing in intensive care

Wilkinson, D.
Fonte: British Med Journal Publ Group Publicador: British Med Journal Publ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Are there some newborn infants whose short- and long-term care costs are so great that treatment should not be provided and they should be allowed to die? Public discourse and academic debate about the ethics of newborn intensive care has often shied away from this question. There has been enough ink spilt over whether or when for the infant's sake it might be better not to provide life-saving treatment. The further question of not saving infants because of inadequate resources has seemed too difficult, too controversial, or perhaps too outrageous to even consider. However, Roman Catholic ethicist Charles Camosy has recently challenged this, arguing that costs should be a primary consideration in decision-making in neonatal intensive care. In the first part of this paper I will outline and critique Camosy's central argument, which he calls the ‘social quality of life (sQOL)’ model. Although there are some conceptual problems with the way the argument is presented, even those who do not share Camosy's Catholic background have good reason to accept his key point that resources should be considered in intensive care treatment decisions for all patients. In the second part of the paper, I explore the ways in which we might identify which infants are too expensive to treat. I argue that both traditional personal ‘quality of life’ and Camosy's ‘sQOL’ should factor into these decisions...

Respostas fisiológicas e comportamentais de recém-nascidos pré-termos submetidos a duas técnicas de banho de imersão: ensaio clínico cruzado; Physiological and behavioral responses of preterm newborn underwent to two immersion baths techniques: cross-over clinical trial

Freitas, Patricia de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/05/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Introdução: a revisão de literatura aponta que os recém-nascidos submetidos ao banho de imersão produzem menor variação térmica pós-banho comparado aos submetidos ao banho com esponja. No Brasil, o Ministério da Saúde vem capacitando profissionais que atuam em unidades de internação neonatal para implementar o Método Mãe Canguru e, entre outras práticas, recomenda que o recém-nascido pré-termo (RNPT) e com baixo peso seja submetido ao banho de imersão envolto em cueiro ou lençol, sugerindo mudança da prática hegemônica do banho com esponja ou banho de imersão convencional. No entanto, a técnica de banho de imersão recomendada carece de evidências científicas quanto a sua segurança em relação às repercussões na estabilidade da temperatura corporal (T), frequência cardíaca (FC), cortisol salivar (CS) e comportamental em RNPT. Hipótese: os RNPT submetidos ao banho de imersão envoltos em lençol (BIE) apresentam respostas fisiológicas e comportamentais similares aos submetidos à técnica de banho de imersão convencional (BIC), nos primeiros 20 minutos pós-banho. Objetivo: avaliar os parâmetros fisiológicos e comportamentais de RNPT submetidos ao banho de imersão envolto em lençol (BIE) e banho de imersão convencional (BIC). Método: ensaio clínico randomizado cruzado com amostra composta por 43 RNPT...

Monitoring the treatment of sepsis with vancomycin in term newborn infants

Machado,José Kleber Kobol; Feferbaum,Rubens; Diniz,Edna Maria Albuquerque; Okay,Thelma S.; Ceccon,Maria Esther J.; Vaz,Flávio Adolfo Costa
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.57%
A prospective study was conducted to determine if standardized vancomycin doses could produce adequate serum concentrations in 25 term newborn infants with sepsis. Purpose: The therapeutic response of neonatal sepsis by Staphylococcus sp. treated with vancomycin was evaluated through serum concentrations of vancomycin, serum bactericidal titers (SBT), and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). METHOD: Vancomycin serum concentrations were determined by the fluorescence polarization immunoassay technique , SBT by the macro-broth dilution method, and MIC by diffusion test in agar . RESULTS: Thirteen newborn infants (59.1%) had adequate peak vancomycin serum concentrations (20--40 mg/mL) and one had peak concentration with potential ototoxicity risk (>40 µg/mL). Only 48% had adequate trough concentrations (5--10 mg/mL), and seven (28%) had a potential nephrotoxicity risk (>10 µg/mL). There was no significant agreement regarding normality for peak and trough vancomycin method (McNemar test : p = 0.7905). Peak serum vancomycin concentrations were compared with the clinical evaluation (good or bad clinical evolution) of the infants, with no significant difference found (U=51.5; p=0.1947). There was also no significant difference between the patients' trough concentrations and good or bad clinical evolution (U = 77.0; p=0.1710). All Staphylococcus isolates were sensitive to vancomycin according to the MIC. Half of the patients with adequate trough SBT (1/8)...

Urinary tract infection in full-term newborn infants: value of urine culture by bag specimen collection

Falcão,Mário Cícero; Leone,Cléa Rodrigues; D'Andrea,Renata A. P.; Berardi,Roberta; Ono,Nilce A.; Vaz,Flávio Adolfo Costa
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
OBJETIVE: to evaluate the efficacy of urine culture by bag specimen for the detection of neonatal urinary tract infection in full-term newborn infants. Retrospective study (1997) including full-term newborn infants having a positive urine culture (>100,000 CFU/ml) by bag specimen collection. The urinary tract infection diagnosis was confirmed by positive urine culture (suprapubic bladder aspiration method). The select cases were divided into three groups, according to newborn infant age at the bag specimen collection: GI (< 48 h, n = 17), GII (48 h to 7 d, n = 35) and GIII (> 7 d, n = 9). Sixty one full-term newborn infants were studied (5.1 % of total infants). The diagnosis was confirmed on 19/61 (31.1 %) of full-term infants born alive. Distribution among the groups was: GI = 2/17 (11.8 %), GII = 10//35 (28.6 %), and GIII = 7/9 (77.7 %). The most relevant clinical symptoms were: fever (GI - 100 %, GII - 91.4 %) and weight loss (GI - 35.3 %, GII - 45.7 %). Urine culture results for specimens collected by suprapubic aspiration were: E. coli GI (100 %), GII (40 %) and GIII (28.6 %), E. faecalis GI (30%), Staphylococcus coagulase-negative GII (20 %) and GIII (42.8 %), and Staphylococcus aureus GII (10 %). Correlation between positive urine culture collection (bag specimen method) and urinary tract infection diagnosis...

Cuidados nutricionais no recém-nascido de muito baixo peso; Nutritional care of very low birth weight preterm infants

Oliveira, Adriana Gonçalves de; Siqueira, Pollyanna Patriota; Abreu, Luiz Carlos de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
INTRODUÇÃO: a meta nutricional na abordagem do recém-nascido de muito baixo peso é alcançar crescimento pós-natal em uma taxa que se aproxime do crescimento e do ganho de peso intra-uterino de um feto normal de mesma idade gestacional, sem produzir deficiências nutricionais, efeitos metabólicos indesejáveis ou toxicidades decorrentes de uma exagerada oferta nutricional. OBJETIVO: descrever o estado da arte da nutrição em recém-nascido prematuro de muito baixo peso. Método: Foram consultadas as bases de dados do Medline e SciELO. Utilizou-se como estratégia de busca no MEDLINE nutrition AND birth OR prematurity OR very low birth weigth infants e no SciELO os termos nutrition in newborn AND prematurity AND very low birth weigth infants AND nutritional status em todos os campos. RESULTADOS: os artigos foram classificados quanto ao tipo: revisão, artigo original, relato de casos, opinião e editorial (N= 16) e compuseram a premissa do trabalho. Foram considerados estudos de natureza qualitativa e quantitativa. Os artigos listados de 1 a 4 foram utilizados para definir recém-nascido de muito baixo peso, pequeno para a idade gestacional e caracterização fisiológica da prematuridade. CONCLUSÃO: o início precoce de alimentação...

Infecção urinária em recém-nascido de termo: valor da cultura de urina obtida através de saco coletor; Urinary tract infection in full-term newborn infants: value of urine culture by bag specimen collection

Falcão, Mário Cícero; Leone, Cléa Rodrigues; D'Andrea, Renata A. P.; Berardi, Roberta; Ono, Nilce A.; Vaz, Flávio Adolfo Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
OBJETIVO: avaliar a eficácia da cultura de urina obtida através de saco coletor na detecção de infecção do trato urinário no período neonatal. Estudo retrospectivo (1997), englobando recém-nascidos de termo com urocultura positiva (>100000UFC/ml) colhida em saco coletor. Nesses recém-nascidos foi realizada punção suprapúbica, coletando-se urina para cultura, para confirmação diagnóstica. Os recém-nascidos foram divididos em três grupos, de acordo com a idade do recém-nascido na ocasião da coleta: GI-n=17 (< 48h de vida), GII-n=35 (entre 48h e 7dias) e GIII-n=9 (> 7dias). Foram estudadas 61 crianças (5,1% dos recém-nascidos de termo). A confirmação diagnóstica pela punção suprapúbica mostrou: GI=2/17 (11,8%), GII=10/35 (28,6%) e GIII=7/9 (77,7%). Quanto ao quadro clínico, nos GI e II a febre (100 e 91,4%) e a perda de peso (35,3 e 45,7%) foram os sinais clínicos mais freqüentes. No GIII as alterações do estado geral (66,6%) e a febre (44,4%) destacaram-se. Dentre os agentes etiológicos, obteve-se: E coli GI (100%), GII (40%) e GIII (28,6%), E faecalis GI (30%), S coagulase-negativa GII (20%) e GIII (42,8%) e S aureus GII (10%) e GIII(14,3%). A análise do risco relativo da positividade da cultura de urina obtida por saco coletor corresponder à infecção urinária foi de: GI=0...

Monitorização da terapêutica com vancomicina em recém-nascidos de termo com sepse, utilização e importância clínica; Monitoring the treatment of sepsis with vancomycin in term newborn infants

Machado, José Kleber Kobol; Feferbaum, Rubens; Diniz, Edna Maria Albuquerque; Okay, Thelma S.; Ceccon, Maria Esther J.; Vaz, Flávio Adolfo Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2001 Português
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36.57%
A prospective study was conducted to determine if standardized vancomycin doses could produce adequate serum concentrations in 25 term newborn infants with sepsis. Purpose: The therapeutic response of neonatal sepsis by Staphylococcus sp. treated with vancomycin was evaluated through serum concentrations of vancomycin, serum bactericidal titers (SBT), and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). METHOD: Vancomycin serum concentrations were determined by the fluorescence polarization immunoassay technique , SBT by the macro-broth dilution method, and MIC by diffusion test in agar . RESULTS: Thirteen newborn infants (59.1%) had adequate peak vancomycin serum concentrations (20--40 mg/mL) and one had peak concentration with potential ototoxicity risk (>;40 µg/mL). Only 48% had adequate trough concentrations (5--10 mg/mL), and seven (28%) had a potential nephrotoxicity risk (>;10 µg/mL). There was no significant agreement regarding normality for peak and trough vancomycin method (McNemar test : p = 0.7905). Peak serum vancomycin concentrations were compared with the clinical evaluation (good or bad clinical evolution) of the infants, with no significant difference found (U=51.5; p=0.1947). There was also no significant difference between the patients' trough concentrations and good or bad clinical evolution (U = 77.0; p=0.1710). All Staphylococcus isolates were sensitive to vancomycin according to the MIC. Half of the patients with adequate trough SBT (1/8)...

Risk factors associated to clinical deterioration during the transport of sick newborn infants

Goldsmit,Gustavo; Rabasa,Cecilia; Rodríguez,Susana; Aguirre,Yanina; Valdés,Martín; Pretz,Damián; Carmona,Daniela; López Tornow,Susana; Fariña,Diana
Fonte: Archivos argentinos de pediatría Publicador: Archivos argentinos de pediatría
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
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36.57%
Adequate neonatal transport is a key component in the care of newborn infants that require transfer. Objective. To determine the characteristics and risk of clinical deterioration during neonatal transport. Material and Methods. This was an observational and prospective study that consecutively included newborn infants transferred to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of the Hospital Garrahan. The TRIPS (Transport Risk Index of Physiology Stability) risk score was measured pre- and post-transport. A diagnosis of clinical deterioration was made when the post-transport TRIPS score was higher than the pre-transport score. Newborns characteristics, transport distance, newborns status upon admission, need for immediate cardiorespiratory support (ICRS), and death before the 7th day and at discharge were recorded. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the associations with clinical deterioration . Results. A total of 160 transferred newborn infants were enrolled, gestational age (GA) was 35 ± 3 weeks; birth weight (BW) 2482 ± 904 g and median age 2 days. Most were referred due to cardiorespiratory (50%) or surgical (34%) illnesses. Of them, 91 (57%) had clinical deterioration and 46% hypothermia. Forty nine neonates required ICRS and 28 died (twelve before 7 days after admittance). Variables assessed were not associated with the risk of clinical deterioration. Mortality was higher in the group with clinical deterioration (OR: 3.34; 95% CI: 1.2-8.7)...