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RISK OF INFERTILITY IN PATIENTS WITH CELIAC DISEASE: a meta-analysis of observational studies

LASA,Juan Sebastian; ZUBIAURRE,Ignacio; SOIFER,Luis Oscar
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.04%
Context Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine associated with several extra-intestinal features, such as reproductive disorders. The relationship between celiac disease and infertility has been previously assessed, with conflicting results. Objectives We seek to determine the relationship between celiac disease and infertility. Methods Data was extracted from case-control or cohort design studies from 1966 to December 2013 using the MEDLINE-Pubmed, EMBASE, LILACS and Cochrane Library databases. We analyzed two kinds of trials: those assessing the risk of infertility in subjects with already diagnosed celiac disease, and those evaluating the prevalence of undiagnosed celiac disease in subjects with a diagnosis of infertility. Results The search yielded 413 potentially relevant studies for revision, 12 of which were finally included for analysis. A significant association was found between women with a diagnosis of infertility and undiagnosed celiac disease [OR 3.09 (95% CI 1.74-5.49)]. When considering those studies assessing the occurrence of infertility in subjects with already-diagnosed celiac disease, no difference was found between celiac disease patients and control subjects [OR 0.99 (0.86-1.13)]. Conclusions Undiagnosed celiac disease is a risk factor for infertility. Women seeking medical advice for this particular condition should be screened for celiac disease. Adoption of a gluten-free diet could have a positive impact on fertility in this group of patients.

Detection of testicular cancer in men presenting with infertility

Pasqualotto,Fabio Firmbach; Pasqualotto,Eleonora Bedin; Agarwal,Ashok; Thomas Jr.,Anthony Joseph
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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PURPOSE: Infertility is one of the less common presenting features associated with testicular tumors. We evaluated the histologic and biochemical findings, and pregnancy outcome in patients presenting with infertility who were found to have testicular tumors. METHODS: Seven patients with infertility were found to have testicular cancer over a 15-year period. All patients had a testicular ultrasound evaluation. The indications for the ultrasound were testicular pain in 2 patients, suspicious palpable mass in 4, and to rule out the presence of germ cell neoplasia in a patient with carcinoma in situ detected on a previous biopsy. Physical exam, histological findings, hormonal levels, tumor markers, and pregnancy outcome results were recorded from the patients medical charts. RESULTS: Two men had elevated serum follicle stimulant hormone and luteinizing hormone levels, 1 of them had an abnormally low serum testosterone level. Tumor markers were normal in all patients. In 4 patients the tumor was on the right side and in 3 on the left. The histological diagnoses were seminoma (n = 5), Leydig cell tumor (n = 1), and carcinoma in situ (n = 1). Of the 7 patients, 5 underwent adjuvant radiation therapy. Two patients had sperm cryopreserved. Follow up on fertility status was available in 6 cases. One patient has established a pregnancy and 5 did not achieve a pregnancy after treatment for their cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the men who have testicular cancer and male infertility have a seminona. Therefore...

Identification of male factor infertility using a novel semen quality score and reactive oxygen species levels

Nallella,Kiran P.; Sharma,Rakesh K.; Allamaneni,Shyam S. R.; Agarwal,Ashok
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
PURPOSE: To determine whether patients with male factor infertility can be accurately identified by calculating a novel semen quality score and measuring levels of reactive oxygen species during routine infertility screening. METHODS: Semen samples from 133 patients and 91 healthy donors were evaluated with manual and computer-assisted semen analysis. A principal component analysis model was employed to calculate a semen quality score. In brief, this score was calculated by base 10 logarithms multiplied by varying weights given to 9 sperm parameters. Reactive oxygen species levels were measured using chemiluminescence assay. RESULTS: The semen quality score had a sensitivity of 80.45% and accuracy of 77% at a cutoff of 93.1 in identifying patients with male factor infertility. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves for the semen quality score was 84.28% (95% CI: 65.22%-100%). Reactive oxygen species levels [log10 (reactive oxygen species +1)] were significantly higher in male factor infertility patients. Reactive oxygen species had a sensitivity of 83.47% and specificity of 60.52% with an accuracy of 75% at a cutoff of 1.25 in identifying male factor infertility patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for reactive oxygen species levels was 78.92% (95% CI: 72.60%-85.23%). semen quality scores were significantly and negatively correlated with reactive oxygen species levels in the donors and the male factor infertility patients. CONCLUSIONS: The semen quality score and reactive oxygen species levels in semen samples appear to be strongly associated with male factor infertility. Because both of these parameters are more sensitive than individual sperm parameters in identifying male factor infertility...

The progins progesterone receptor gene polymorphism is not related to endometriosis-associated infertility or to idiopathic infertility

Gimenes,Cristiane; Bianco,Bianca; Mafra,Fernanda Abani; Rosset,Victor; Christofolini,Denise Maria; Barbosa,Caio Parente
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the frequency of the PROGINS polymorphism in women with endometriosis-associated infertility, in infertile women without endometriosis and in controls. INTRODUCTION: The human progesterone receptor gene has two isoforms that modulate the biological action of progesterone: isoform A, which is capable of inhibiting the activation of the estrogen receptors, and isoform B, which has the capacity to activate the estrogen receptors. Several polymorphisms have been described for this gene, among which one stands out: a polymorphism named PROGINS, which has been speculated to be related to the genesis of endometriosis by several studies with conflicting results. METHODS: This was a prospective study that included 148 patients with endometriosis-associated infertility, 50 idiopathic infertile patients and 179 fertile women as controls. The PROGINS polymorphism was studied by PCR. RESULTS: Genotypes P1P1, P1P2 and P2P2 (P2 representing the PROGINS polymorphism) of the progesterone receptor gene presented frequencies of 93.9%, 5.4% and 0.7%, respectively, in the women with endometriosis-associated infertility (p=0.2101, OR=0.51, 95% CI=0.24-1.09); 94.4%, 4.2% and 1.4%, respectively, in the patients with minimal/mild endometriosis (p=0.2725...

The social meaning of infertility in Southwest Nigeria

Okonofua, Friday E; Harris, Diana; Odebiyi, Adetanwa; Kane, Thomas; Snow, Rachel C
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 56816 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
There has been very little documentation of the social meaning given to infertility in many developing countries, including Nigeria, where the prevalence of infertility is known to be high. We have conducted a number of qualitative studies aimed at exploring socio-cultural issues associated with infertility in Ile-Ife, Southwestern Nigeria. Twenty-five focus-group discussions were held with knowledgeable persons in the rural and urban parts of the community to ascertain their attitudes towards infertility. The results show that community members accord great significance to child-bearing, but, they have incorrect knowledge of the causes and appropriate treatment of infertility. Focus-group participants mentioned several traditional beliefs regarding the causes of infertility from which they derived a variety of traditional and religious methods for its treatment; many affected couples use these methods of treatment, sometimes singly but most often in combination. Orthodox treatments are less often used because of perceptions of the causes of infertility and lack of confidentiality at the treatment centres. Women are more likely to suffer the social consequences of infertility; they suffer physical and mental abuse, neglect, abandonment...

Biopsychosocial associates of infertility related distress and treatment outcomes.

Mahajan, Neha Naresh
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.06%
The experience of difficulties in conception, the diagnosis of infertility and its treatment are frequently associated with anxiety and overall distress. However, current understanding regarding the determinants of variability in the levels of distress among women undergoing infertility treatment is limited; and the evidence of the significance of distress as a risk factor for assisted conception following IVF/ICSI is inconsistent. The thesis addressed both these issues. Overall the thesis is informed by the biopsychosocial model of health and illness. Four studies were conducted. The data was collected in three IVF clinics in India. A consecutive sample of 85 infertile women about to commence IVF/ICSI cycle was recruited in the project at cycle baseline and followed through one treatment cycle. The first two studies examined this sample of women at baseline to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with infertility related distress. The first study examined the degree of cognitive–behavioural adjustment to infertility, its treatment and treatment related eventualities, while the second study focused on the factors associated with affective aspects of infertility related distress such as increase in negativity and decrease in positivity. The third study examined the pattern of change in stress operationalized in terms of changes in Affect and State Anxiety in a sample of 74 infertile women during an IVF/ICSI cycle. The final study developed a prognostic model for evaluating the unique contribution of baseline distress as well as treatment related stress in estimating the odds of pregnancy following IVF based on a consecutive sample of 73 women. Collectively...

Investigation of the role of oxidative stress in male infertility.

Tunc, Ozlem
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.06%
In recent years, there has been some suggestion of an increase in male factor infertility in the industrialized countries with a decline in sperm counts and a rise in sperm pathology. Male factor infertility is a multifactorial phenomenon that is observed in approximately half of infertile couples and affects one man in 20 in the general population. The potential causes of male infertility arise from a number of factors including genetic, lifestyle factors and chronic diseases. However, a high proportion of infertile male patients have now been shown to have defective sperm functions related to oxidative stress. Oxidative stress in semen has been speculated as one of the major factors causing male infertility and has been identified in 30-80% of cases of male infertility. While oxidative stress is accepted as a significant pathology, there is currently an inadequate knowledge of the exact mechanisms by which oxidative stress develops in male infertility, as well as a lack of an easy and reliable method for the measurement of seminal oxidative stress in routine clinical use. The main objective of this doctoral thesis is to investigate the underlying causes for oxidative stress in infertile men and the mechanisms by which oxidative stress develops. Furthermore it will also examine the effectiveness of an oral antioxidant therapy for treatment of seminal oxidative stress. During these doctoral studies experiments were designed with the aims of: • Developing a standardized protocol for the measurement of seminal oxidative stress...

Efficacy of traditional Chinese herbal medicine in the management of female infertility: A systematic review

Ried, K.; Stuart, K.
Fonte: Churchill Livingstone Publicador: Churchill Livingstone
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM) in the management of female infertility and on pregnancy rates compared with Western Medical (WM) treatment. METHODS: We searched the Medline and Cochrane databases and Google Scholar until February 2010 for abstracts in English of studies investigating infertility, menstrual health and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). We undertook meta-analyses of (non-)randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or cohort studies, and compared clinical pregnancy rates achieved with CHM versus WM drug treatment or in vitro fertilisation (IVF). In addition, we collated common TCM pattern diagnosis in infertility in relation to the quality of the menstrual cycle and associated symptoms. RESULTS: Eight RCTs, 13 cohort studies, 3 case series and 6 case studies involving 1851 women with infertility were included in the systematic review. Meta-analysis of RCTs suggested a 3.5 greater likelihood of achieving a pregnancy with CHM therapy over a 4-month period compared with WM drug therapy alone (odds ratio=3.5, 95% CI: 2.3, 5.2, p<0.0001, n=1005). Mean (SD) pregnancy rates were 60±12.5% for CHM compared with 32±10% using WM drug therapy. Meta-analysis of selected cohort studies (n=616 women) suggested a mean clinical pregnancy rate of 50% using CHM compared with IVF (30%) (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Our review suggests that management of female infertility with Chinese Herbal Medicine can improve pregnancy rates 2-fold within a 4 month period compared with Western Medical fertility drug therapy or IVF. Assessment of the quality of the menstrual cycle...

Overtreatment in couples with unexplained infertility

Kersten, F.A.M.; Hermens, R.P.G.M.; Braat, D.D.M.; Hoek, A.; Mol, B.W.J.; Goddijn, M.; Nelen, W.L.D.M.
Fonte: Oxford University Press (OUP) Publicador: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.04%
STUDY QUESTION: What is the percentage of overtreatment, i.e. fertility treatment started too early, in couples with unexplained infertility who were eligible for tailored expectant management? SUMMARY ANSWER: Overtreatment occurred in 36% of couples with unexplained infertility who were eligible for an expectant management of at least 6 months. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Prognostic models in reproductive medicine can help to identify infertile couples that would benefit from fertility treatment. In couples with unexplained infertility with a good chance of natural conception within 1 year, based on the Hunault prediction model, an expectant management of 6-12 months, as recommended in international fertility guidelines, prevents unnecessary treatment. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A retrospective cohort study in 25 participating clinics, with follow-up of all couples who were seen for infertility in 2011-2012. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: In all, 9818 couples were seen for infertility in the participating clinics. Couples were eligible to participate if they were diagnosed with unexplained infertility and had a good prognosis of natural conception (>30%) within 1 year based on the Hunault prediction model. Data to assess overtreatment were collected from medical records. Multilevel regression analyses were performed to investigate associations of overtreatment with patient and clinic characteristics. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Five hundred and forty-four couples eligible for expectant management were included in this study. Among these...

Immunoglobulin to zona pellucida 3 mediates ovarian damage and infertility after contraceptive vaccination in mice

Lloyd, M.; Papadimitriou, J.; O'Leary, S.; Robertson, S.; Shellam, G.
Fonte: Academic Press Ltd Publicador: Academic Press Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Antibodies reactive with the ovarian glycoprotein zona pellucida (ZP) have been linked with human female infertility. Anti-fertility vaccines that target ZP antigens have been utilized to restrict pest animal populations and their efficacy is associated with ovary-specific antibody induction. However, the necessity for zona pellucida-specific antibody in mediating infertility has not been examined in vivo. A recombinant mouse cytomegalovirus vaccine encoding murine zona pellucida 3 that induces rapid and complete infertility in BALB/c mice has been produced. The onset of infertility is temporally related to the presence of antibody sequestered into ovarian follicles and binding to the ZP of infected mice and the loss of mature follicles. When this vaccine was inoculated into immunoglobulin-deficient BALB/c mice with a null mutation in the immunoglobulin mu chain gene Igh-6, fertility was unaffected. Passive transfer of serum containing ZP3 antibodies also elicited transient infertility. Electron microscopy of ovarian tissue collected from ZP3-immunized immunocompetent mice demonstrated significant focal thinning of the zona pellucida (ZP) with reduced length and concentration of transzonal processes and many oocytes displayed evidence of injury. None of these changes were found in vaccinated immunoglobulin-deficient mice. These data confirm that ZP3-reactive antibody is necessary and sufficient to induce autoimmune-mediated follicular depletion and fertility suppression following the inoculation of this vaccine...

Traditional Chinese medicine: Women's experiences in the treatment of infertility

Alfred, A.; Ried, K.
Fonte: Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Publicador: Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Background: Infertility affects about 15% of couples. Many women proceed to reproductive clinics for in vitro fertilisation, with some exploring a range of alternative or complementary options. We explored women's experiences with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of infertility. Methods: We interviewed 25 women with primary or secondary infertility, recurrent miscarriage or stillbirth who had consulted TCM practitioners. We explored women's experience of TCM and fertility clinics and analysed interviews thematically. Results: Women appreciated the noninvasive diagnostic techniques TCM practitioners used to identify 'imbalances' causing infertility, learnt how to assess fertility indicators, and valued the focused personal care provided. All noticed improved menstrual cycles. Women wished for integration of holistic therapies in infertility management. Discussion: Our study highlights the need for patient centred care and fertility education, and suggests that some women see a possible role for TCM as part of infertility management.; Ann Alfred, Karin Ried

Infertility problems and mental health symptoms in a community-based sample: depressive symptoms among infertile men, but not women

Fairweather-Schmidt, A. Kate; Leach, L. S.; Butterworth, Peter; Anstey, Kaarin J
Fonte: Men's Studies Press, LLC Publicador: Men's Studies Press, LLC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 17 pages
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Most researchers agree that men’s and women’s experiences of infertility are fundamentally different, and impacts upon the nature of psychological distress encountered. However, design flaws, including non-random samples unrepresentative of the general population, compromise many existing studies. Data derived from a random general community sample provides prevalence of current infertility, and permits examination of longitudinal associations between mental health symptoms and infertility among 1,978 participants aged 28-32 years. In the previous 12-months, infertility was experienced by 2.1% and 5.4% partnered men and women. Infertility independently predicted depressive symptomatology in men, and anxiety symptoms among women. Gender differences were sustained, even controlling for prior depression and anxiety. Health professionals are encouraged to proactively enquire about affective symptoms experienced by both women and men with infertility problems.

The effects of infertility on the spouses' relationship

Pereira de Faria, Dieime Elaine; Grieco, Silvana Chedid; Oliveira de Barros, Sonia Maria
Fonte: UNIV SAO PAOLO; CERQUERA CESAR Publicador: UNIV SAO PAOLO; CERQUERA CESAR
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
The present study investigated the effects of infertility on the spouses' relationship, with the objectives to describe the profile of the studied population, and analyze the effects of infertility on their emotional, sexual and marital life. To do this, a cross-sectional and prospective study was performed in a specialist institution. The sample consisted of 50 infertile couples with a mean of six years of infertility. The women manifested negative feelings in view of the infertility, while the men assumed an attitude of support. The effects on the couples' sexual life were more pronounced in women, and the infertility treatment resulted in positive changes for both spouses. No differences were found regarding the effects of infertility between the women who had undergone more than one treatment and those undergoing treatment for the first time; between the men there were differences in the emotional aspect ( frustration and relief) and in the marital relationship ( strengthening and maturing).

Análise da polarização da resposta imunológica TH1 e TH2 em mulheres com infertilidade inexplicada e mulheres inférteis com endometriose = : Polarization of TH1 and TH2 immune response analysis in women with unexplained infertility and infertity with endometriosis; Polarization of TH1 and TH2 immune response analysis in women with unexplained infertility and infertity with endometriosis

João Agripino Guimarães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/11/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
Contexto e objetivo: Alterações imunológicas podem estar associadas à infertilidade e endometriose. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se, na infertilidade inexplicada e na infertilidade associada à endometriose, ocorre polarização da resposta imunológica Th1ou Th2. Tipo de estudo e local: Foi realizado um estudo de corte transversal no Centro de Atenção Integral a Saúde da Mulher (CAISM), Universidade de Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, de janeiro a junho de 2010. Métodos: 142 mulheres foram alocadas em três grupos (52 com infertilidade inexplicada, 38 inférteis com endometriose e 52 férteis) para dosagem de citocinas Th1 (interleucina 2, fator de necrose tumoral-? e do interferon-y ) e citocinas Th2 (interleucinas 4 e 10). Os dados foram descritos através de média, desvio-padrão e mediana, e através de frequências absolutas e relativas. Os grupos foram comparados em relação às variáveis através dos testes de qui-quadrado ou exato de Fisher. As citocinas foram comparadas entre os grupos através do teste de Kruskal-Wallis; em caso de diferença significativa, foram feitas comparações dois a dois através do teste de Mann-Whitney e aceitou-se nível de significância 5%. Resultados: As mulheres com infertilidade inexplicada apresentaram menores níveis de interferon-? (p = 0...

Infertilidade em mulheres com Doença de Graves e Tireoidite de Hashimoto = : Infertility among women with Graves's disease or Hashimoto's thyroiditis; Infertility among women with Graves's disease or Hashimoto's thyroiditis

Alessandra Quintino Moro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
A disfunção autoimune, representada pelo hipertireoidismo da Doença de Graves (DG) e pelo hipotireoidismo da Tireoidite de Hashimoto (TH), ocorre de forma mais frequente em mulheres e interfere no mecanismo da reprodução, em especial no processo ovulatório. Existe o senso comum de que as disfunções tireoideanas diminuem o potencial de fertilidade das mulheres; entretanto, não existem estudos sobre a prevalência da infertilidade nesses grupos. Objetivos: Determinar a prevalência de infertilidade em mulheres com TH e DG e as possíveis variáveis associadas. Sujeitos e métodos: Foi um estudo de corte transversal. Mulheres com TH (n=66) e idade entre 18 e 60 anos e DG (n=193) com idade entre 18 e 50 anos, em seguimento no Ambulatório de Tireoidopatias do HC/UNICAMP, no período de agosto de 2010 a dezembro de 2011, foram entrevistadas com respeito às variáveis ginecoobstétricas: história de períodos de infertilidade, alterações do ciclo menstrual, história obstétrica e antecedentes familiares. Infertilidade foi definida como ausência de gravidez após período de exposição ?12 meses. Após a entrevista, seus prontuários foram revisados para determinar as características da doença: idade ao diagnóstico, tempo do diagnóstico...

Psychological aspects in couples with infertility

Galhardo, Ana; Cunha, Marina; Pinto-Gouveia, José
Fonte: Sexologies Publicador: Sexologies
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
The aim of this study is to characterize subjects with a diagnosis of infertility in terms of individual psychological functioning and marital adjustment. Eighty normal control couples without known fertility problems (NC), 80 couples with an infertility diagnosis pursuing medical treatment (IG) and 40 couples with an infertility diagnosis who are adoption candidates (AG) completed the instruments: Beck Depression Inventory, Coping Styles Questionnaire, Others As Shamer, Experience of Shame Scale, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire, Self-Compassion Scale, Intimacy Dimensions, Female Sexual Function Index, International Index of Erectile Function, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale. Results show that the IG scored higher than NC and AG in measures of depression, external and internal shame. IG presented higher scores in avoidant and emotional coping styles whereas AG showed higher detached and rational coping. In what concerns acceptance and self-compassion, IG showed lower scores. IG scored higher on intimacy than normal controls. Dyadic adjustment was higher in the AG. These couples scored higher than NC but no differences were found between them and IG. No differences between the groups were found in terms of sexual functioning. Subjects with an infertility diagnosis showed significant higher scores in psychopathological measures and significant lower scores in more positive/protective psychological functioning measures. Infertility subjects presented higher scores than normal controls in intimacy...

Quality of life, coping strategies and support needs of women seeking Traditional Chinese Medicine for infertility and viable pregnancy in Australia: a mixed methods approach

Ried, K.; Alfred, A.
Fonte: BioMed Central Ltd. Publicador: BioMed Central Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
Background: Infertility affects about 15% of couples in Western-societies with most progressing to fertility clinics for treatment. Despite being common, infertility is often experienced as a lonely road for affected couples. In this paper we expand on our previously published findings of women’s experiences with infertility or difficulty of viable pregnancy who had sought Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) therapy in Australia, and focus on women’s quality of life, coping strategies, and support needs. Methods: We applied mixed methods using the Tuebingen Quality of Life and the COPE questionnaires and in-depth interviews with 25 women with primary or secondary infertility, recurrent miscarriages or unexplained stillbirth, and who had consulted a TCM practitioner. We used a thematic approach to analyse the interviews, and descriptive statistics to evaluate questionnaire responses. Results: Women reported through both questionnaires and interviews compromised quality of life due to the high level of distress, guilt, grief, and frustration caused by infertility. However, our women represented a highly motivated sample, actively seeking alternative support. While the TCM approach to infertility management increased women’s sense of personal agency and control through education and continuity of care...

The progins progesterone receptor gene polymorphism is not related to endometriosis-associated infertility or to idiopathic infertility

Gimenes, Cristiane; Bianco, Bianca; Mafra, Fernanda Abani; Rosset, Victor; Christofolini, Denise Maria; Barbosa, Caio Parente
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the frequency of the PROGINS polymorphism in women with endometriosis-associated infertility, in infertile women without endometriosis and in controls. INTRODUCTION: The human progesterone receptor gene has two isoforms that modulate the biological action of progesterone: isoform A, which is capable of inhibiting the activation of the estrogen receptors, and isoform B, which has the capacity to activate the estrogen receptors. Several polymorphisms have been described for this gene, among which one stands out: a polymorphism named PROGINS, which has been speculated to be related to the genesis of endometriosis by several studies with conflicting results. METHODS: This was a prospective study that included 148 patients with endometriosis-associated infertility, 50 idiopathic infertile patients and 179 fertile women as controls. The PROGINS polymorphism was studied by PCR. RESULTS: Genotypes P1P1, P1P2 and P2P2 (P2 representing the PROGINS polymorphism) of the progesterone receptor gene presented frequencies of 93.9%, 5.4% and 0.7%, respectively, in the women with endometriosis-associated infertility (p=0.2101, OR=0.51, 95% CI=0.24-1.09); 94.4%, 4.2% and 1.4%, respectively, in the patients with minimal/mild endometriosis (p=0.2725...

Identificação de pacientes portadores do fator de infertilidade masculina através do cálculo de um novo escore de qualidade de sêmen e pela medida de espécies reativas de oxigênio; Identification of male factor infertility using a novel semen quality score and reactive oxygen species levels

Nallella, Kiran P.; Sharma, Rakesh K.; Allamaneni, Shyam S. R.; Agarwal, Ashok
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2005 Português
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OBJETIVO: Determinar se pacientes portadores do fator de infertilidade masculina podem ser precisamente identificados através do cálculo de um novo escore de qualidade de sêmen e pela medida de espécies reativas de oxigênio durante uma avaliação rotineira de infertilidade. MÉTODOS: Amostras de sêmen de 133 pacientes e de 91 doadores saudáveis foram avaliadas através de análise manual e computadorizada de sêmen. Um modelo de análise do componente principal foi empregado para calcular o escore de qualidade de sêmen, utilizando logaritmos base 10, multiplicados por ponderações variáveis de 9 parâmetros espermáticos. Os níveis de espécies reativas de oxigênio foram medidos através de testes de quimiluminescência. RESULTADOS: O escore de qualidade de sêmen apresentou sensibilidade de 80.45% e precisão de 77% para um "cutoff" de 93.1 na identificação do fator de infertilidade masculina. A área sob a curva "receiver operating characteristic" para o escore de qualidade de sêmen foi de 84.28% (95% intervalo de confiança: 65.22%-100%). Os níveis de espécies reativas de oxigênio [log10 (espécies reativas de oxigênio +1)] foram siginificativamente mais elevados nos pacientes portadores de fator de infertilidade masculina. A medica de espécies reativas de oxigênio apresentou sensibilidade de 83.47% e especificidade de 60.52% com uma precisão (definida como pacientes portadores do fator de infertilidade masculina com diagnóstico positivo e doadores corretamente excluídos) de 75% para um "cutoff" de 1.25 na identificação de pacientes portadores do fator de infertilidade masculina. A área sob a curva "receiver operating characteristic" para níveis de espécies reativas de oxigênio foi de 78.92% (95% intervalo de confiança: 72.60%-85.23%). Os escores de qualidade de sêmen correlacionaram negativamente com os níveis de espécies reativas de oxigênio tanto nos doadores e nos pacientes portadores do fator de infertilidade masculina. CONCLUSÕES: O escore de qualidade de sêmen e os níveis espécies reativas de oxigênio nas amostras de sêmen parecem associar-se fortemente com o fator de infertilidade masculina. Na medida em que os dois parâmetros mostraram-se mais sensíveis que parâmetros espermáticos individuais na identificação do fator de infertilidade masculina...

Efeitos da infertilidade no relacionamento dos cônjuges; The effects of infertility on the spouses' relationship; Efectos de la infertilidad en la relación de los cónyuges

Faria, Dieime Elaine Pereira de; Grieco, Silvana Chedid; Barros, Sônia Maria Oliveira de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
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The present study investigated the effects of infertility on the spouses' relationship, with the objectives to describe the profile of the studied population, and analyze the effects of infertility on their emotional, sexual and marital life. To do this, a cross-sectional and prospective study was performed in a specialist institution. The sample consisted of 50 infertile couples with a mean of six years of infertility. The women manifested negative feelings in view of the infertility, while the men assumed an attitude of support. The effects on the couples' sexual life were more pronounced in women, and the infertility treatment resulted in positive changes for both spouses. No differences were found regarding the effects of infertility between the women who had undergone more than one treatment and those undergoing treatment for the first time; between the men there were differences in the emotional aspect (frustration and relief) and in the marital relationship (strengthening and maturing).; Estudio sobre los efectos de la infertilidad en la relación de los cónyuges, objetivando describir el perfil de la población estudiada y analizar los efectos de la infertilidad en la vida emocional, sexual y conyugal. Se realizó estudio transversal prospectivo en institución especializada. Muestra constituida por 50 parejas infértiles con seis años de infertilidad en promedio. Las mujeres manifestaron sentimientos negativos ante la infertilidad...