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Counterregulation of Th2 immunity by interleukin 12 reduces host defenses against Strongyloides venezuelensis infection

MACHADO, Eleuza R.; CARLOS, Daniela; LOURENCO, Elaine V.; SORGI, Carlos A.; SILVA, Erika V.; RAMOS, Simone G.; UETA, Marlene T.; ARONOFF, David M.; FACCIOLI, Lucia H.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of interleukin 12 (IL-12) during Strongyloides venezuelensis infection. IL-12(-/-) and wildtype C57BL/6 mice were subcutaneously infected with 1500 larvae of S. venezuelensis. On days 7, 14, and 21 post-infection, we determined eosinophil and mononuclear cell numbers in the blood and broncoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), Th2 cytokine secretion in the lung parenchyma, and serum antibody levels. The numbers of eggs in the feces and worm parasites in the duodena were also quantified. The eosinophil and mononuclear cell counts and the concentrations of IL-3, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13, and IgG1 and IgE antibodies increased significantly in infected IL-12(-/-) and wild-type mice as compared with uninfected controls. However, the number of eosinophils and mononuclear cells in the blood and BALF and the Th2 cytokine levels in the lungs of infected IL-12-/- mice were greater than in infected wild-type C57BL/6 mice. In addition, serum IgE and IgG1 levels were also significantly enhanced in the infected mice lacking IL-12. Meanwhile, parasite burden and fecal egg counts were significantly decreased in infected IL-12-/- mice. Together, our results showed that the absence of IL-12 upregulates the Th2 immune response...

Interleukin-12 but not interieukin-18 is associated with severe endometriosis

FAIRBANKS, Flavia; ABRAO, Mauricio S.; PODGAEC, Sergio; DIAS JR., Joao Antonio; OLIVEIRA, Ricardo M. de; RIZZO, Luiz Vicente
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Objective: To evaluate interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-18 levels in the serum and peritoneal fluid of women with and without endometriosis. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: University hospital. Patients: Interleukin-12 and IL-18 levels were compared in 105 patients submitted to laparoscopy because of symptoms suggestive of endometriosis (pain and/or infertility). The disease was confirmed in 72 patients (study group), while in 33 patients findings were not compatible with endometriosis (control group). Intevention(s): Blood sample and peritoneal fluid were obtained from patients during videolaparoscopy. Main Outcome Measure(s): The levels of IL-12 and IL-18 in peripheral blood and peritoneal fluid were determined and compared with the stage and site of the disease and histologic classification. Result(s): IL-12 levels measured in peritoneal fluid were higher inpatients with endometriosis compared with the control group. A significant increase in IL-12 levels was found when the more advanced stages of the disease were compared with the initial stages. No statistically significant differences were found in IL-18 levels, either in serum or in peritoneal fluid samples. Conclusion(s): Patients with severe endometriosis have higher IL-12 levels irrespective of IL-18 levels...

Effect of the Absence of Interleukin-12 on Mesangial Proliferative Glomerulonephritis Induced by Habu Snake Venom

VIEIRA NETO, Osvaldo Merege; RUSSO, Eloisa M.; COSTA, Roberto S.; COIMBRA, Terezila M.; DANTAS, Marcio
Fonte: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC Publicador: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Background. Interleukin-12 (IL12) participates in the pathophysiology of various experimental types of progressive glomerulonephritis, but its role in acute mesangial glomerulonephritis (AMG) induced by habu snake venom (HSV) has not been determined. This study aims to evaluate the effect of the absence of IL12 on AMG induced by HSV. Methods. AMG was induced in IL12 knockout (IL12-/-) and C57B1/6 (IL12+/+) mice by a single i.v. administration of HSV. Vehicle was used in control animals. Mice were studied after 3, 7, and 14 days (D3, D7, and D14). Results. After treatment with HSV, IL12+/+ and -/-mice developed focal glomerular lesions, but groups of both lineages showed no statistical difference concerning albuminuria, serum creatinine, histopathology, number of cells by glomerular tuft, and glomerular tuft area. Compared to IL12+/+ mice, IL12-/-mice showed lower scores of glomerular desmin expression on D7 [1.55 (1.32; 1.65) vs. 1.12 (1.07; 1.22); p < 0.01] and D14 [1.60 (1.55; 1.75) vs. 1.20 (1.15; 1.20); p < 0.001], respectively, and lower scores of glomerular alpha-SMA expression on D14 [0.30 (0.21; 0.38) vs. 0.16 (0.26; 0.36); p < 0.001], respectively. Conclusion. The absence of IL12 reduced the activity of mesangial cells, but did not modify the course of HSV-induced AMG in mice.; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)[477142/2003-6]; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Ensino; Pesquisa e Assistencia (FAEPA) do HCFMRP-USP

Avaliação das dosagens das interleucinas 12 e 18 no sangue e no fluido peritoneal de pacientes com endometriose pélvica; Evaluation of the levels of interleukines 12 and 18 in blood and peritoneal fluid of patients with pelvic endometriosis

Marino, Flávia Fairbanks Lima de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/02/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.18%
O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar o comportamento das interleucinas 12 (IL- 12) e 18 (IL-18) em pacientes com endometriose pélvica comparando-as a pacientes de um grupo controle com sintomas sugestivos de endometriose e ausência comprovada da doença. Avaliamos, também, as dosagens das referidas interleucinas em relação à fase do ciclo menstrual, quadro clínico, local da doença, estadiamento e classificação histológica. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas 105 pacientes entre 18 e 40 anos submetidas à videolaparoscopia, ; divididas em 2 grupos: 72 pacientes com endometriose e 33 controles. Colheu-se sangue periférico e fluido peritoneal no intra-operatório e procedeu-se a avaliação das interleucinas, relacionando-se as dosagens entre o grupo controle e o grupo com endometriose e também entre os parâmetros já mencionados. Dividimos as pacientes segundo a fase do ciclo menstrual, o quadro clínico, o local de maior gravidade da doença (peritoneal, ovariana ou profunda), o estadiamento e a classificação histológica. As dosagens das interleucinas foram feitas através do método de ELISA e a análise estatística pela aplicação dos testes Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn. RESULTADOS: A média das dosagens da IL-12 no fluido peritoneal foi significativamente maior nas pacientes com endometriose (82...

Construção e avaliação da ação de plasmídio contendo gene suicida timidina quinase e gene imunomodulador da interleucina 12 otimizada, visando terapia gênica para carcinoma medular de tireóide; Construction and evaluation of plasmid expressing thymidine kinase suicide gene and immunomodulatory evolved interleukin-12 gene for medullary thyroid carcinoma gene therapy

Seidenberger, Katia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/09/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
Os tratamentos convencionais para carcinoma medular de tireóide (CMT) metastático são insatisfatórios. Tanto a quimioterapia quanto a radioterapia são pouco eficazes para a doença avançada. Portanto, a terapia gênica é uma promissora opção. Trabalhos de construção de vetores plasmidiais ou adenovirais específicos para cultura de células de carcinoma medular de tireóide e/ou animais têm demonstrado resultados encorajadores, conseguindo significativa redução do tumor. O objetivo deste trabalho foi construir e avaliar a eficácia do plasmídio pTCPtkevIL-12 contendo o gene da timidina quinase (HSV-tk) e da interleucina 12 otimizada/evolved (evIL-12), ambos sob controle do promotor da calcitonina modificado (TCP), visando terapia gênica do CMT. A associação entre um gene ?suicida? (TK) e um gene imunomodulador (IL12) é sabidamente sinérgica, o que motivou o emprego destes dois genes no vetor terapêutico. Por melhoramento genético, obteve-se recentemente a IL-12 otimizada/evolved, com elevada capacidade em induzir resposta imune. O promotor TCP é mais forte e mais específico que o promotor de calcitonina natural , e já foi usado em diversos trabalhos em CMT. Para determinar a atividade biológica das interleucinas 12 (evIL-12 e mIL-12)...

Influence of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis outer proteins (Yops) on interleukin-12, tumor necrosis factor alpha and nitric oxide production by peritoneal macrophages

Monnazzi, LGS; Carlos, I. Z.; de Medeiros, BMM
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 91-98
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
An essential key to pathogenicity in Yersinia is the presence of a 70 kb plasmid (pYV) which encodes a type-III secretion system and several virulence outer proteins whose main function is to enable the bacteria to survive in the host. Thus, a specific immune response is needed in which cytokines are engaged. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of Yersinia outer proteins (Yops) released by Yersinia pseudotuberculosis on the production of the proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-12 (IL-12), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and nitric oxide (NO) by murine peritoneal macrophages. To this end, female Swiss mice were infected intravenously with wild-type Y pseudotuberculosis or with mutant strains unable to secrete specific Yops (YopE, YopH, YopJ, YopM, and YpkA). on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days after infection, the animals were sacrificed and the cytokines and NO were assayed in the peritoneal macrophages culture supernatants. A fall in NO production was observed during the course of infection with all the strains tested, though during the infection with the strains that did not secrete YopE and YopH, the suppression occurred later. There was, in general, an unchanged or sometimes increased production of TNF-alpha between the 7th and the 21st day after infection...

Interleucina-12 em crianças com sepse e choque séptico

Martin, Joelma Gonçalves; Kurokawa, Cilmery Suemi; Carpi, Mario Ferreira; Bonatto, Rossano Cesar; Moraes, Marcos Aurélio de; Fioretto, José Roberto
Fonte: Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira - AMIB Publicador: Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira - AMIB
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 130-136
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); OBJETIVO: Examinar o comportamento da interleucina-12 e verificar se pode ser utilizada para diferenciar condições sépticas em crianças. MÉTODOS: Foram inscritas, de forma prospectiva, entre janeiro de 2004 e dezembro de 2005, crianças com idades de 28 dias a 14 anos, subdivididas nos grupos sepse (SG; n=47) e choque séptico (SSG; n=43). A interleucina-12 foi avaliada quando da admissão (T0) e 12 horas mais tarde (T12). A gravidade da doença foi avaliada utilizando o escore PRISM. RESULTADOS: A interleucina-12 não diferenciou crianças com sepse das com choque séptico quando da admissão [SSG: 0,24 (0-22,64)=SG: 1,23 (0-511,6); p=0,135)] e na avaliação T12 [SG: 6,11 (0-230,5)=SSG: 1,32 (0-61,0); p=0,1239)]. Na comparação entre os momentos, não foi observada diferença estatística para SG [SG, T0: 1,23 (0-511,6)=T12: 6,11 (0-230,5); p=0,075]. Entretanto, em casos de SSG, a interleucina-12 aumentou entre as avaliações T0 e T12 [SSG, T0: 0,24 (0-226,4)0...

The role of interleukin-10 in the differential expression of interleukin-12p70 and its beta 2 receptor on patients with active or treated paracoccidioidomycosis and healthy infected subjects

Romano, C. C.; Mendes Giannini, Maria José Soares; Duarte, A. J. S.; Benard, G.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 86-94
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
Paracoccidioidomycosis patients present an antigen-specific Th1 immunosuppression. To better understand this phenomenon, we evaluated the interleukin (IL)-12 pathway by measuring IL-12p70 production and CD3(+) T cell expression of the IL-12 receptor (IL-12R)beta1/beta2 chains, induced with the main fungus antigen (gp43) and a control antigen, from Candida albicans (CMA). We showed that gp43-induced IL-12p70 production and IL-12Rbeta2 expression were significantly decreased in acute and chronic patients as compared to healthy subjects cured from PCM or healthy infected subjects from endemic areas. Interestingly, the healthy infected Subjects had higher gp43-induced IL12p70 production and beta2 expression than the cured subjects. The addition of a neutralizing anti-IL-10 antibody to the cultures increased IL12p70 levels and beta2 expression in acute and chronic patients to levels observed in Cured subjects. Conversely, addition of the cytokine IL-10 strongly inhibited both parameters in the latter group. In conclusion, we have shown that paracoccidioidomycosis-related Th1 immunosuppression is associated with down-modulation of the IL-12 pathway, that IL-10 may participate in this process, and that patients cured from paracoccidioidomycosis may not fully recover their immune responsiveness. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Counterregulation of Th2 immunity by interleukin 12 reduces host defenses against Strongyloides venezuelensis infection

MACHADO, Eleuza R.; CARLOS, Daniela; LOURENCO, Elaine V.; SORGI, Carlos A.; SILVA, Erika V.; RAMOS, Simone G.; UETA, Marlene T.; ARONOFF, David M.; FACCIOLI, Lucia H.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of interleukin 12 (IL-12) during Strongyloides venezuelensis infection. IL-12(-/-) and wildtype C57BL/6 mice were subcutaneously infected with 1500 larvae of S. venezuelensis. On days 7, 14, and 21 post-infection, we determined eosinophil and mononuclear cell numbers in the blood and broncoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), Th2 cytokine secretion in the lung parenchyma, and serum antibody levels. The numbers of eggs in the feces and worm parasites in the duodena were also quantified. The eosinophil and mononuclear cell counts and the concentrations of IL-3, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13, and IgG1 and IgE antibodies increased significantly in infected IL-12(-/-) and wild-type mice as compared with uninfected controls. However, the number of eosinophils and mononuclear cells in the blood and BALF and the Th2 cytokine levels in the lungs of infected IL-12-/- mice were greater than in infected wild-type C57BL/6 mice. In addition, serum IgE and IgG1 levels were also significantly enhanced in the infected mice lacking IL-12. Meanwhile, parasite burden and fecal egg counts were significantly decreased in infected IL-12-/- mice. Together, our results showed that the absence of IL-12 upregulates the Th2 immune response...

Leishmania braziliensis: partial control of experimental infection by interleukin-12 p40 deficient mice

Souza-Neto,Sebastião Martins de; Carneiro,Cláudia Martins; Vieira,Leda Quercia; Afonso,Luís Carlos Crocco
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Resistance to infection by Leishmania major has been associated with the development of a Th1 type response that is dependent on the presence of interleukin 12 (IL-12). In this work the involvement of this cytokine in the response to infection by L. braziliensis, a less virulent species in the mouse model, was evaluated. Our results show that while interferon (IFN-g) deficient (-/-) mice inoculated L. braziliensis develop severe uncontrolled lesions, chronic lesions that remained under control up to 12 weeks of infection were observed in IL-12p40 -/- mice. IL 12p40 -/- mice had fewer parasites in their lesions than IFN-g-/- mice. Lymph node cells from IL-12p40 -/- were capable of producing low but consistent levels of IFN-g suggestive of its involvement in parasite control. Furthermore, as opposed to previous reports on L. major-infected animals, no switch to a Th2 response was observed in IL-12p40 -/- infected with L. braziliensis.

Interleukin-12 and protective immunity to schistosomes

Mountford,A.P.; Shires,V.L.; Anderson,S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
The attenuated vaccine against Schistosoma mansoni induces Th1-mediated protective immunity and we have sought to identify a role for IL-12 in this model. Elevated levels of IL-12 (p40 mRNA) were detected in the lymph nodes (LN) and the lungs of vaccinated mice, whilst treatment of vaccinated mice with anti-IL-12 antibodies decreased the ratio of IFNg:IL-4 secreted by in vitro-cultured LN cells. However, there was only marginal abrogation of the level of resistance in these mice. Soluble antigens from the lung-stage of the parasite (SLAP) appeared to be efficient stimulators of IFNg and IL-12 secretion. These antigens when used to immunise mice in conjunction with IL-12 as an adjuvant, elicited a polarised Th1 response with abundant IFNg secretion but no IL-4. This immunisation regime also induced significant protection against reinfection, whereas inoculation of mice with SLAP alone did not. The induction of a dominant Th1 response using SLAP + IL-12 probably operates via IFNg production by natural killer (NK) cells stimulated by IL-12, since in vivo ablation of NK cells using anti-NK1.1 antibody reduced CD4+-dependent IFNg production from cultured LN cells by over 97%. Nevertheless...

Interleukin-12 and tumor necrosis factor alpha mediate innate production of gamma interferon by group B Streptococcus-treated splenocytes of severe combined immunodeficiency mice.

Derrico, C A; Goodrum, K J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
The existence of interleukin-12-mediated innate immune responses to group B streptococci (GBS) was tested by examining T-lymphocyte-independent gamma interferon (IFN) production in cultured splenocytes from severe combined immunodeficiency mice. Splenocytes were cultured with killed or living GBS for 48 h, and then IFN was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Type III GBS as well as other extracellular bacterial agents of neonatal sepsis (staphylococci and enterococci) induced IFN production, which was enhanced by interleukin-2 and was inhibited by neutralizing antibodies to tumor necrosis factor alpha and to mouse interleukin-12. Interleukin-12 bioactivity was present in conditioned medium from GBS-treated adherent macrophages. Adherent peritoneal macrophages and bone marrow-derived natural killer cells from severe combined immunodeficiency mice cultured separately with GBS did not produce IFN, whereas cocultures did produce IFN. Functional macrophage activation was evident by nitric oxide production in GBS-treated splenocyte cultures. The results show that extracellular pathogens such as GBS, similarly to intracellular microbes, induce macrophage interleukin-12 and tumor necrosis factor alpha, which promote natural killer cell secretion of IFN...

Interleukin-12 gene expression after viral infection in the mouse.

Coutelier, J P; Van Broeck, J; Wolf, S F
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1995 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Interleukin-12 is a lymphokine that triggers gamma interferon secretion by various cells and differentiation of T-helper lymphocytes towards the Th1 subtype. Since viruses are potent inducers of gamma interferon production and elicit immune responses most probably mediated by Th1 cells, like B-cell immunoglobulin G2a secretion, we analyzed interleukin-12 message expression after infection of mice with lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus, mouse hepatitis virus, and mouse adenovirus. Our results indicated that the message for the p40 component of interleukin-12 was transiently increased shortly after infection. Interleukin-12 was expressed mainly by macrophages. Therefore, production of interleukin-12 might constitute the initial event that would determine the subsequent characteristics of the immune response elicited by viral infections.

Interleukin-12 exhibits potent antiviral activity in experimental herpesvirus infections.

Carr, J A; Rogerson, J; Mulqueen, M J; Roberts, N A; Booth, R F
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1997 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
The prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy of interleukin-12 was studied by using murine models of herpes simplex virus infection. Prophylactic administration consisted of two intraperitoneal doses of interleukin-12 given 48 and 24 h prior to infection. Therapeutic intraperitoneal administration of interleukin-12 commenced 6 h after the mice were infected with herpes simplex virus and was continued daily for a total of 5 days. Interleukin-12 therapy improved the survival rates of mice with systemic herpes simplex virus infection compared with those of placebo-treated infected mice. Subcutaneous administration of interleukin-12 also improved the rate of survival of mice after systemic herpes simplex virus infection, although higher doses were required to give comparable effects. Combined prophylactic and therapeutic administration of interleukin-12 produced the greatest effect on survival after an otherwise lethal systemic infection. Intraperitoneal administration of interleukin-12 for 2 days before and 3 days after systemic infection with herpes simplex virus resulted in survival of 80% of the mice. These surviving mice were resistant to subsequent reinfection with herpes simplex virus. Such resistance was apparently specific for herpes simplex virus infection...

Interleukin-12 Receptor β1 or Interleukin-12 Receptor β2 deficiency in mice indicates that Interleukin-12 and Interleukin-23 are not essential for host recovery from viral encephalitis.1

Ireland, Derek D.C.; Palian, Beth M.; Reiss, Carol Shoshkes
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV), a negative sense, single-stranded RNA Rhabdovirus causes acute viral encephalitis when administered intranasally to mice. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine, produced largely by the antigen presenting cells (APC) that bridges the innate and acquired immune responses. IL-12 is efficacious in enhancing recovery from VSV infection of the murine CNS. This effect is mediated by nitric oxide (NO) produced by the neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS-1), and is independent of the proinflammatory cytokines IFN-γ and TNF-α. These data implied a link between IL-12 and NOS-1.

Role of interleukin-12 in the regulation of CD4+ T cell apoptosis in a mouse model of asthma

KODAMA, T; KURIBAYASHI, K; NAKAMURA, H; FUJITA, M; FUJITA, T; TAKEDA, K; DAKHAMA, A; GELFAND, E W; MATSUYAMA, T; KITADA, O
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Inc Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Allergic asthma, a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, is characterized by the presence of T helper 2 cells and eosinophils in sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage, and mucosal biopsy specimens. Although the T helper 1-promoting cytokine, interleukin-12, is capable of inhibiting the T helper 2-driven asthma symptoms and bronchial responsiveness, the specific mechanisms underlying these interleukin-12 actions are unclear. The anti-allergic response to interleukin-12 is only partially dependent on interferon-γ, which induces apoptosis by enhancing expression of Fas antigen. We therefore investigated in vivo whether the anti-allergic action of interleukin-12 is mediated through induction of apoptosis. C57BL/6 mice immunized to ovalbumin by intraperitoneal injection were challenged three times with an ovalbumin aerosol every second day for 7 days. Recombinant interleukin-12 was administered intravenously after the final challenge. After the last ovalbumin challenge, mice were examined for effects of interleukin-12 on inflammatory cell infiltration and apoptosis in the lung as detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate nick end-labelling.

A study of the molecular and biological characteristics of ovine interleukin-12 / Sarah Jane Swinburne.

Swinburne, Sarah Jane
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 614645 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2000 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of two disulphide-linked subunits, p35 and p40, which form biologically active p70. IL-12 is able to induce IFN-y production from T and NK cells, and promote the proliferation of mitogen-activated T cells. It is thought that IL-12 may be an important cytokine in the initiation and progression of allograft destruction. This thesis describes the characterisation of ovine IL-12.; Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Medicine, 2000; Bibliography: leaves 172-214.; 214 leaves, [41] leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm.; Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library.

Major injury leads to predominance of the T helper-2 lymphocyte phenotype and diminished interleukin-12 production associated with decreased resistance to infection.

O'Sullivan, S T; Lederer, J A; Horgan, A F; Chin, D H; Mannick, J A; Rodrick, M L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1995 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
OBJECTIVE: Patients with serious traumatic injury and major burns and an animal model of burn injury were studied to determine the effect of injury on the production of cytokines typical of the T helper-2 lymphocyte phenotype as opposed to the T helper-1 phenotype and on the production of interleukin-12. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Perturbations of natural and adoptive immunity are related to the increased susceptibility to infection manifested by seriously injured and burn patients. Earlier work has shown that impaired adoptive immunity after injury is characterized by diminished production of interleukin-2 (IL-2), a product of Th lymphocytes. Exposure of naive Th cells to certain antigens and cytokines causes conversion to either the Th-1 or the Th-2 phenotype. Th-1 cells produce IL-2 and interferon-gamma (IFN-tau) and initiate cellular immunity. Th-2 cells secrete interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) and stimulate production of certain antibodies. Conversion to the Th-1 phenotype is facilitated by IL-12, and conversion to the Th-2 phenotype is promoted by IL-4. The authors believed that serious injury might cause conversion of Th cells to the Th-2 as opposed to the Th-1 phenotype rather than generalized Th suppression. METHODS: The authors studied circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 16 major burn and 8 trauma patients on 32 occasions early after injury and from 13 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals for cytokine production after phytohemagglutinin stimulation. Also studied was a mouse model of 20% burn injury known to mimic the immune abnormalities seen in humans with burns. Splenocytes from burn mice...

Interleukin-12 gene adjuvant increases the immunogenicity of virus-like particles of human papillomavirus type 16 regional variant strain

Wei,Lanlan; Chu,Ming; Zhang,Qingmeng; Wang,Yan; Shang,Qinglong; Zhang,Yunyan; Zhang,Guangmei
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
Objectives: To analyze the immunogenicity of virus-like particles (VLP) of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) isolated in East China and the adjuvant potential of interleukin-12 (IL-12). Methods: The variant HPV16 L1VLP expressed in sf9 insect cells were purified with cesium chloride gradient centrifugation. BALB/c mice were vaccinated with VLP (L1N), VLP with Freund's adjuvant (L1A) or VLP with IL-12 recombinant plasmid (L1P). HPV16 VLP specific IgG and IFN-γ level in the serum were detected by ELISA, and the percentage of CD4+ and CD8+ in spleen cells was detected with flow cytometry. Results: The titers of serum IgG antibodies in vaccinated groups were higher than in negative control and the serum antibodies mainly recognized conformation-dependent HPV16 VLP epitopes. Splenic CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets increased after vaccination in every experimental group, and CD8+ increased obviously in L1P group. The ratio of CD4+/CD8+ decreased in L1P group and increased in the other two groups, compared to control group. Vaccination induced specific secretion of IFN-γ in the serum of vaccinated group (p < 0.05), especially in the L1P group. Conclusions: VLP of HPV16 variant strain isolated in East China could induce humoral immunity and cellular immunity in mice...

Evaluation of the antitumor activity of interleukin-12 in an experimental murine model of colorectal cancer induced by 1,2 dimethylhydrazine (DMH)

Coca,S.; Enrech,S.; Moreno García,V.; Sáez,M. A.; Gutiérrez,C.; Colmenarejo,A.; Hernández,J. M.; Pérez Piqueras,J.
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2005 Português
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Objective: interlukin 12 (IL-12) is a cytokine that may enhance the proliferation and cytotoxic activity of T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells. A relationship between extensive intratumoral infiltration of NK cells and longer survival rates in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients was previously noted. Preliminary evidence suggests that the combined administration of IL-12 and IL-2 may produce additive immunomodulatory activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the systemic administration of IL-12 (+/- IL-2) may induce an immune response against CRC as induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH). Methods: sixty-five 6-week-old Wistar rats were treated with weekly subcutaneous injections of DMH for 26 weeks at a dose of 20 mg/kg of body weight. Once tumoral induction was over, the animals were randomly allocated to one of three groups: I, control; II, intraperitoneal injections of IL-12; III, intraperitoneal injections of IL-12 combined with IL-2. At 30 weeks, all surviving animals were sacrificed. We studied the following parameters in each rat - number of tumors, size of tumors, and total tumoral volume.Tumor samples were studied using the monoclonal antibody CD 57 for the detection of NK cells. The extent of NK infiltration was classified as small...