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Interleukin-15 increases Paracoccidioides brasiliensis killing by human neutrophils

Tavian, E. G.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos (CEVAP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos (CEVAP)
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 188-188
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
Interleukin-15 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced by a wide range of different cell types, especially monocytes and macrophages, in response to infective agents, playing a crucial and modulatory role in innate and adaptive immune response. Infections by intracellular microorganisms such as some bacteria, protozoa and fungi point out the role of IL-15 in the activation of monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils, a process that represents an important defense mechanism in early periods of infection during the development of innate immune response. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effects of IL-15 on human neutrophil fungicidal activity against a high virulent Paracoccidioides brasiliensis strain ( Pb18) and to verify whether this activity was mediated by oxidative metabolism such as the production of superoxide anion and H2O2 and if it was associated with an alteration of cytokine ( IL-8 and TNF-alpha) levels. Neutrophils from peripheral blood of healthy individuals were incubated in the presence and absence of IL-15 ( 12.5 - 250ng/ml) for 18h, at 37 degrees C, under tension of 5% CO2, then infected with Pb18 for 4h and evaluated for fungicidal activity, production of superoxide anion and H2O2, and quantification of cytokines IL-8 and TNF-a in the supernatant. Preincubation of neutrophils with IL-15 induced a significant increase in the fungicidal activity of such cells in a dose-dependent manner. After activation...

Interleukin-15 increases Paracoccidioides brasiliensis killing by human neutrophils

Tavian, Elisandra Garcia; Dias-Meliclo, Luciane Alarcao; Acorci, Michele Janegitz; Bordon-Graciani, Ana Paula; Serrao Peracoli, Maria Terezinha; de Campos Soares, Angela Maria Victoriano
Fonte: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier B.V. Ltd Publicador: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier B.V. Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 48-53
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
Interleukin-15 is a cytokine produced by a wide range of different cell types, including macrophages, in response to lipopolysaccharide or microbial infection. This cytokine may play a crucial role in the activation of phagocytic cells against pathogens, especially during innate immune response. The effects of IL-15 on human polymorphonuclear leukocyte fungicidal activity against a highly virulent Paracoccidioides brasiliensis strain were investigated. Pretreatment of human neutrophils from healthy individuals with IL-15 for IS h increased cell fungicidal activity in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, the exposure to IL-15 induced an increase in neutrophil oxidative burst as evaluated by superoxide anion and H(2)O(2) release. Catalase inhibited fungicidal activity supporting a role for H(2)O(2) in fungus killing. In contrast, IL-8 and TNF-alpha levels were not affected by IL-15 suggesting that its effects were not mediated by these cytokines. Together, these results show that IL-15 is a potent stimulant of antifungal activities in human neutrophils, at least in part by a mechanism dependent on oxidative metabolism. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Interleukin-15: Its role in microbial infections

Bannwart, C. F.; Nakaira, E. T.; Sartori, A.; Peraçoli, Maria Terezinha Serrão
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 562-575
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a pleiotropic cytokine which regulates the proliferation, survival and the secretory activities of many distinct cell types in the body. This cytokine is produced by macrophages and many other cell types in response to infectious agents; it controls growth and differentiation of T and B lymphocytes, activation of Natural Killer (NK) and phagocytic cells, and contributes to the homeostasis of the immune system. The present review focuses on the biological and modulatory effects of IL-15 in microbial infections and shows that this cytokine may play a role in the host defense against infections by inducing activation of effector cells from both innate and adaptive immune system.

Efeito da interleucina-15 sobre a atividade fungicida, metabolismo oxidativo e produção de citocinas por monócitos humanos, infectados in vitro com Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

Castro, Camila Ferreira Bannwart
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 69 f.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Doenças Tropicais - FMB; A interleucina-15 (IL-15) é uma citocina pró-inflamatória produzida principalmente por monócitos e macrófagos em resposta a agentes infecciosos, desempenhando importante papel modulador na imunidade inata e adaptativa. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da IL-15 sobre a atividade fungicida, metabolismo oxidativo e a produção de citocinas por monócitos humanos, infectados in vitro com cepa virulenta de Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb18). Monócitos de sangue periférico, obtidos de indivíduos saudáveis, foram préincubados na ausência ou presença de IL-15 (12,5, 25 e 50 ng/mL) por 24 h a 37oC e infectados com Pb18 na proporção de 50 monócitos para uma célula fúngica durante 4 h e 18 h. A atividade fungicida de monócitos foi determinada após 4 h pela recuperação de fungos viáveis por plaqueamento das co-culturas em meio BHI-ágar. O metabolismo oxidativo foi avaliado pela liberação de peróxido de hidrogênio (H2O2) e de ânion superóxido (O2 -) nas culturas desafiadas com Pb18 e estimuladas com phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) durante 60 mim. A produção de fator de necrose tumoral-alfa (TNF-a)...

Interleukin-15 as a potential regulator of the innate immune response

Carson,W.; Caligiuri,M.A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a newly-discovered cytokine that is produced by activated monocytes early in the course of the innate immune response. IL-15 is able to bind to components of the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) despite the fact that it has no sequence homology with IL-2. IL-15 stimulates human natural killer cell proliferation, cytotoxicity, and cytokine production and can substitute for IL-2 under most conditions. In vitro studies indicate that monocyte-derived IL-15 may be an important determinant of IFN-gamma production by NK cells. In addition, IL-15 is able to promote the survival of natural killer cells under serum-free conditions. The IL-15 receptor is a heterotrimeric complex which is composed of the IL-2Rß and g chains in combination with a unique alpha chain (IL-15a). The IL-15Ra chain has strong sequence homology to the IL-2Ra chain and confers high affinity binding to the IL-15R. In contrast to IL-2, transcript for IL-15 and IL-15a is expressed in a number of tissues and indicates that IL-15 may be an important ligand for cells that express components of the IL-2R

Interleukin-15: its role in microbial infections

Bannwart,C.F.; Nakaira,E.T.; Sartori,A.; Peraçoli,M.T.S.
Fonte: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Publicador: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a pleiotropic cytokine which regulates the proliferation, survival and the secretory activities of many distinct cell types in the body. This cytokine is produced by macrophages and many other cell types in response to infectious agents; it controls growth and differentiation of T and B lymphocytes, activation of Natural Killer (NK) and phagocytic cells, and contributes to the homeostasis of the immune system. The present review focuses on the biological and modulatory effects of IL-15 in microbial infections and shows that this cytokine may play a role in the host defense against infections by inducing activation of effector cells from both innate and adaptive immune system.

Modification of Interleukin-15 Serum Levels in Workers Exposed to Chemotherapeutic Agents

Spatari, Giovanna; Fenga, Concettina; Minciullo, Paola Lucia; Pasquale, Giuseppe Di; Cacciola, Anna; Ventura-Spagnolo, Elvira; Gangemi, Sebastiano
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/02/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
Cytostatic anticancer drugs are known as carcinogenic, mutagenic, and teratogenic risk factors for health care workers occupationally exposed. It has been demonstrated that the administration of interleukin-15 in rat models of colon carcinoma protects against chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal toxicities. We found that occupational exposure to chemotherapeutic antiblastic agents in vivo modified circulating levels of interleukin-15 in 17 health care workers exposed to antineoplastic drugs in relation to their jobs and in as many healthy age- and sex-matched subjects. Health care workers displayed significantly higher circulating interleukin-15 levels compared to their age-matched controls. If this increase representing an anticancer response remains to be established, these findings strengthen the idea of a therapeutic use of interleukin-15 in the field of cancer.

Juxtacrine function of interleukin-15/interleukin-15 receptor system in tumour derived human B-cell lines

Tsukamoto, K; Huang, Y C; Dorsey, W C; Carns, B; Sharma, V
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2006 Português
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46.16%
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a cytokine that induces proliferation and promotes cell survival of human T, B and NK cells. IL-15 and interleukin-2 (IL-2) exhibit a similar spectrum of immune effects and share the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) subunits IL-2Rβ and IL-2Rγc for signalling in haematopoietic cells. Furthermore, each cytokine has a private α receptor, namely IL-2Rα for IL-2 and IL-15Rα for IL-15, that functions in ligand binding. Using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods, the expression and secretion of IL-15 and IL-15Rα in tumour-derived B-cell lines were studied. The results as presented in this study identify that IL-15 mRNA is predominantly expressed in EBV positive (EBV+) B-cell lines, although IL-15Rα is ubiquitously and constitutively expressed in all these B-cell lines. Although no detectable levels of IL-15 protein secretion were observed in any of these cell lines, we were able to detect membrane-bound expression of IL-15 protein by FACS analysis in some cell lines. These data imply that the IL-15/IL-15R system requires complex regulatory mechanisms for protein secretion. Taken together, we speculate that these results suggest a juxtacrine, intracrine function for IL-15/IL-15R.

Activation, survival and apoptosis of CD45RO+and CD45RO−T cells of human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals: effects of interleukin-15 and comparison with interleukin-2

Naora, H; Gougeon, M -L
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
HIV infection is associated with increased representation of T cells bearing an activated, memory (CD45RO+) phenotype. Although administration of antiretroviral agents and interleukin-2 (IL-2) augment depleted CD4+ T-cell numbers, such therapies have been preferentially beneficial for CD45RO+ T cells. Interleukin-15 (IL-15) exhibits many biological activities in common with IL-2, including promoting T-cell survival and proliferation. The present study found that these two cytokines differed in their ability to induce proliferation, enhance survival, and control apoptosis of CD45RO+ and CD45RO− T-cell populations of human immunodeficiency- (HIV) infected individuals. When used at equivalent concentrations in vitro, IL-15 was more potent than IL-2 in activating and stimulating proliferation of CD4+CD45RO+, CD8+CD45RO+ and CD8+CD45RO− cells, but failed to be more effective than IL-2 in reducing apoptosis. Poor activation of CD4+CD45RO− cells by IL-15 and to IL-2 appeared to be attributable to low expression of the β receptor chain utilized by both cytokines. However, IL-15 was more effective than IL-2 in enhancing survival of the CD4+CD45RO− population, suggesting a greater protective effect of IL-15 for naive CD4+ T cells, which are preferentially lost in HIV-infected individuals.

Interleukin‐15 strongly inhibits interleukin‐8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein‐1 production in human colonic epithelial cells

Lügering, N; Kucharzik, T; Maaser, C; Kraft, M; Domschke, W
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1999 Português
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46.11%
Interleukin‐15 (IL‐15) is a novel cytokine with actions similar to IL‐2 because of common receptor components. Although IL‐15 is expressed in colonic epithelial cells and may regulate epithelial cell function, its effects on these cells are not fully defined. We explored the regulatory effects of IL‐15 on IL‐8 and monocyte‐chemoattractant protein‐1 (MCP‐1) production in the colonic epithelial cell line Caco‐2 as well as in freshly isolated human colonic epithelial cells. IL‐15 was added to intestinal epithelial cells under various culture conditions. Levels of chemokines were determined by enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay. To determine the elements of the IL‐2/IL‐15R complex involved we used neutralizing antibodies specific for individual receptor chains. IL‐15 down‐regulates IL‐8 and MCP‐1 production in Caco‐2 cells as well as in freshly isolated human colonic epithelial cells in a dose‐dependent manner. Intestinal epithelial cells became more responsive to IL‐15‐induced suppression when activated with greater IL‐1 doses. Strong chemokine suppression was seen when IL‐15 was given prior to, simultaneous with, or after stimulatory agent. Anti‐IL‐2Rγ antibodies efficiently blocked (82% inhibition) the suppression induced by IL‐15...

Serum and Muscle Interleukin-15 Levels Decrease in Aging Mice; Correlation with Declines in Soluble Interleukin-15 Receptor Alpha Expression

Quinn, LeBris S.; Anderson, Barbara G.; Strait-Bodey, Lena; Wolden-Hanson, Tami
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a skeletal muscle-derived cytokine with favorable effects on muscle mass and body composition. Modulation of IL-15 levels has been suggested as a treatment for sarcopenia and age-associated increases in adiposity. However, it is unclear whether IL-15 levels change during aging, as measurement of IL-15 at physiological concentrations in mice has been technically difficult, and translational regulation of IL-15 is complex. Moreover, the IL-15 receptor alpha (IL-15Rα) can comprise part of a membrane-associated receptor complex, or appear as a soluble form which stabilizes IL-15 and facilitates IL-15 secretion. Here, we report measurement of physiological levels of murine IL-15, and determine that muscle and serum IL-15 levels decline progressively with age. However, expression of IL-15 mRNA and membrane-associated subunits of the IL-15 receptor did not change with age in muscle. Expression of soluble IL-15Rα (sIL-15Rα) mRNA declined 5-fold with age, and serum IL-15 levels correlated highly with muscle sIL-15 mRNA expression, suggesting declines in sIL-15Rα expression lead to decreased circulating IL-15 levels during aging. These findings complement studies which described several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the human IL-15Rα gene which impact muscularity and adiposity...

Serum concentration of interleukin 15, interleukin 2 receptor and TNF receptor in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis: correlation to disease activity

Mielnik, Pawel; Chwalinska-Sadowska, Hanna; Wiesik-Szewczyk, Ewa; Maslinski, Wlodzimierz; Olesinska, Marzena
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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46.14%
Cytokines are implied in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) pathogenesis. Our aim was to evaluate the serum levels of interleukin-15 (IL-15), soluble receptors for IL-2 (sIL-2R) and TNF-alpha type 1 receptor (sTNF-R1) in PM/DM patients and their relation to disease activity and clinical symptoms. Thirty-eight patients who met definite or probable criteria of Bohan and Peter for DM/PM were included into the study. Results in patients with active (41 observations) and inactive disease (24 observations) were compared with control (15 subjects). The median level of IL-15 was 47.6 ± 170 pg/ml in active patients, 25.15 ± 240 pg/ml in inactive and 28.5 ± 28.89 pg/ml in controls. We demonstrated significant differences between active patients and controls in levels of IL-15 (0.016, 95%CI 1.39–57.1). The median level of sIL-2R was 314 ± 388, 235.3 ± 269 and 144.3 ± 152.9 pg/ml, and the median level of sTNF-R1 was 350 ± 388; 294.7 ± 204.7; 209.5 ± 105.9 pg/ml in active, inactive and control subjects, respectively. There were significantly higher serum levels of these cytokines in active patients than in control subjects (for sIL-2R P = 0.05, CI95% 0.4–331; and sTNF-R1 P = 0.031, CI95% 15.1–321.5). The interleukin levels did not differ between inactive patients and controls. Elevation of IL-15...

Production of Bioactive Soluble Interleukin-15 in Complex with Interleukin-15 Receptor Alpha from a Conditionally-Replicating Oncolytic HSV-1

Gaston, David C.; Odom, Carl I.; Li, Li; Markert, James M.; Roth, Justin C.; Cassady, Kevin A.; Whitley, Richard J.; Parker, Jacqueline N.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/11/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Oncolytic type-1 herpes simplex viruses (oHSVs) lacking the γ134.5 neurovirulence gene are being evaluated for treatment of a variety of malignancies. oHSVs replicate within and directly kill permissive cancer cells. To augment their anti-tumor activity, oHSVs have been engineered to express immunostimulatory molecules, including cytokines, to elicit tumor-specific immune responses. Interleukin-15 (IL-15) holds potential as an immunotherapeutic cytokine because it has been demonstrated to promote both natural killer (NK) cell-mediated and CD8+ T cell-mediated cytotoxicity against cancer cells. The purpose of these studies was to engineer an oHSV producing bioactive IL-15. Two oHSVs were constructed encoding murine (m)IL-15 alone (J100) or with the mIL-15 receptor α (mIL-15Rα, J100D) to determine whether co-expression of these proteins is required for production of bioactive mIL-15 from oHSV. The following were demonstrated: i) both oHSVs retain replication competence and cytotoxicity in permissive tumor cell lines. ii) Enhanced production of mIL-15 was detected in cell lysates of neuro-2a cells following J100D infection as compared to J100 infection, suggesting that mIL-15Rα improved mIL-15 production. iii) Soluble mIL-15 in complex with mIL-15Rα was detected in supernates from J100D-infected...

Interleukin-15 and Soluble Interleukin-15 Receptor α in Coronary Artery Disease Patients: Association with Epicardial Fat and Indices of Adipose Tissue Distribution

Dozio, Elena; Malavazos, Alexis Elias; Vianello, Elena; Briganti, Silvia; Dogliotti, Giada; Bandera, Francesco; Giacomazzi, Francesca; Castelvecchio, Serenella; Menicanti, Lorenzo; Sigrüener, Alexander; Schmitz, Gerd; Romanelli, Massimiliano Marco Corsi
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine which signals via a specific alpha receptor subunit (IL-15Rα). Increased IL-15 level has been observed in cardiovascular patients and IL-15 immunoreactivity has been detected at vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques. Due to the association between adipose tissue distribution, inflammation and coronary artery disease (CAD), we quantified IL-15 and IL-15Rα in CAD patients with different adiposity and adipose tissue distribution and we evaluated whether epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), a visceral fat depot surrounding and infiltrating myocardium, may be a source of both molecules. IL-15 and IL-15Rα proteins were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Gene expression of IL-15 and IL-15Rα in EAT depots was evaluated by one colour microarray platform. EAT thickness was measured by echocardiography. Plasmatic IL-15 and IL-15Rα levels were higher in CAD than non-CAD patients. After classification according to adipose tissue distribution, IL-15 was higher in CAD patients with increased abdominal adiposity. Increased level of IL-15Rα was observed both in CAD and non-CAD patients with increased abdominal fat. EAT was a source of IL-15 and IL-15Rα and their expression was higher in CAD patients with increased EAT thickness. In conclusion...

Transcription Factor Runx3 Regulates Interleukin-15-Dependent Natural Killer Cell Activation

Levanon, Ditsa; Negreanu, Varda; Lotem, Joseph; Bone, Karen Rae; Brenner, Ori; Leshkowitz, Dena; Groner, Yoram
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Natural killer cells belong to the family of innate lymphoid cells comprising the frontline defense against infected and transformed cells. Development and activation of natural killer cells is highly dependent on interleukin-15 signaling. However, very little is known about the transcription program driving this process. The transcription factor Runx3 is highly expressed in natural killer cells, but its function in these cells is largely unknown. We show that loss of Runx3 impaired interleukin-15-dependent accumulation of mature natural killer cells in vivo and under culture conditions and pregnant Runx3−/− mice completely lack the unique population of interleukin-15-dependent uterine natural killer cells. Combined chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing and differential gene expression analysis of wild-type versus Runx3-deficient in vivo activated splenic natural killer cells revealed that Runx3 cooperates with ETS and T-box transcription factors to drive the interleukin-15-mediated transcription program during activation of these cells. Runx3 functions as a nuclear regulator during interleukin-15-dependent activation of natural killer cells by regulating the expression of genes involved in proliferation, maturation, and migration. Similar studies with additional transcription factors will allow the construction of a more detailed transcriptional network that controls natural killer cell development and function.

Hat das vom Embryo produzierte hCG einen Einfluss auf Interleukin-11 und Interleukin-15 in dezidualisierten humanen endometrialen Stromazellen?; Does hCG, which is produced by the embryo, have an influence on interleukin-11 and interleukin-15 in decidualized human endometrial stromal cells?

Sachs-Nill, Ellen Renate
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
Ziel dieser Arbeit war es, das Verhalten von IL-11 und IL-15 während der Dezidualisierung in humanen endometrialen Stromazellen in vitro und einen möglichen Einfluss von hCG auf diese Faktoren zu untersuchen. Hierfür wurden Primärzellkulturen von endometrialen Stromazellen verwendet. Die Proben stammten aus Hysterektomien, die prämenopausale Frauen aufgrund gutartiger Erkrankungen durchführen ließen. Die Zellkulturen wurden mit 1 myM Progesteron und 30 nM 17beta-Östradiol, sowie rekombinatem hCG inkubiert. Die Messungen von IL-11 und -15 mRNA und Proteinen wurden mittels semiquantitativer RT-PCR und ELISA durchgeführt. Während bei IL-11 keine Regulation durch hCG festgestellt wurde, konnte bei IL-15 eine signifikante Inhibition durch hohe hCG-Konzentrationen gezeigt werden. Dies unterstützt Veröffentlichungen anderer Arbeitsgruppen, die IL-11 als Schlüsselfaktor in der dezidualen Umwandlung sehen, welche zum Großteil vor der hCG-Produktion eines Embryos stattfindet. Da die IL-15 Sekretion von DSC im menschlichen Uterus die uNK zur Proliferation stimuliert, kann davon ausgegangen werden, dass hCG diese Proliferation über IL-15 Inhibition verhindert, um den Embryo nicht abzustoßen. Da die Proteindaten von IL-15 im ELISA nicht gemessen werden konnten...

Serum interleukin-15 levels in cancer patients with cachexia

Martínez Hernández, Pedro Luis; Hernanz Macías, Ángel; Gómez-Candela, Carmen; Grande Aragón, Cristina; Feliu Batlle, Jaime; Castro-Carpeño, Javier De; Martínez Muñoz, Isabel; Zurita Rosa, Laura; Villarino Sanz, Marta; Prados, Concepción; García
Fonte: Spandidos Publications Publicador: Spandidos Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) has important anabolic effects on muscle protein metabolism through a decrease in the ATP-ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic pathway. The role of IL-15 in human cancer cachexia is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between interleukin-15 (IL-15) in cancer patients with cachexia at diagnosis of malignancy and 8 weeks later. An observational study of 21 cancer patients (with and without cachexia) and 8 healthy subjects was conducted. Body composition was measured by leg-to-leg impedance. Serum IL-15 levels were assessed at baseline and after 4 and 8 weeks. Baseline IL-15 values were similar in cancer patients and in healthy subjects. Cancer patients with lower baseline levels of IL-15 (<2 pg/ml) had significantly higher fat mass (%) along the study. Eighteen patients completed the study: five patients showed an increase of 3.7 kg at the end of the study (5.4% of body weight) and showed a mean increase of IL-15 of 1.32 pg/ml (121%) at 4 weeks and 2.32 pg/ml (197%) at 8 weeks, as compared with mean decrease of -4.1 kg (-5.3%) and -0.09 pg/ml (-2.5%) and 0.6 pg/ml (40.8%) in the 13 patients who lost weight (P=0.001 and P=0.022, respectively). Changes of IL-15 at 4 and 8 weeks were directly associated with changes in body weight...

Interleukin-15 in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and its animal models

Mohebiany, Alma Nazlie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
L'interleukine-15 (IL-15) contribue au développement et à l’activation des lymphocytes T CD8, des cellules immunes qui ont été impliquées dans plusieurs maladies auto-immunes telle la sclérose en plaques. Des niveaux élevés de l'IL-15 ont été trouvés chez les patients atteints de cette maladie comparativement aux témoins, mais aucune étude n'a examiné les effets de tels niveaux élevés sur les lymphocytes T CD8. Les objectifs de notre étude étaient 1- de caractériser l’expression de l'IL-15 par des lymphocytes B humains et de déterminer ses effets sur les fonctions des lymphocytes T CD8, et 2- d’évaluer l'expression in vivo de l'IL-15 dans des modèles murins de la sclérose en plaques. Nous avons établi que les cellules B humaines augmentaient leur expression de l'IL-15 suite à une stimulation via le CD40. De plus, les fonctions effectrices des lymphocytes T CD8 ont été significativement augmentées lors des co-cultures avec des cellules B alloréactives exprimant l'IL-15. Dans les modèles murins de la sclérose en plaques, nous avons détecté au sein du système nerveux central des cellules immunes exprimant l’IL-15 ainsi que des cellules T CD8 exprimant le récepteur pour cette cytokine à différents stades de la maladie. Nous avons démontré que les cellules B modulent des réponses des lymphocytes T CD8 via l’IL-15...

Wild-type p53-mediated down-modulation of interleukin 15 and interleukin 15 receptors in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells.

De Giovanni, C.; Nanni, P.; Sacchi, A.; Soddu, S.; Manni, I.; D'Orazi, G.; Bulfone-Paus, S.; Pohl, T.; Landuzzi, L.; Nicoletti, G.; Frabetti, F.; Rossi, I.; Lollini, P. L.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group|1 Publicador: Nature Publishing Group|1
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
We recently reported that rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines express and secrete interleukin 15 (IL-15), a tightly regulated cytokine with IL-2-like activity. To test whether the p53-impaired function that is frequently found in this tumour type could play a role in the IL-15 production, wild-type p53 gene was transduced in the human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line RD (which harbours a mutated p53 gene), and its effect on proliferation and expression of IL-15 was studied. Arrest of proliferation was induced by wild-type p53; increased proportions of G1-arrested cells and of apoptotic cells were observed. A marked down-modulation of IL-15 expression, at both the mRNA and protein level, was found in p53-transduced cells. Because a direct effect of IL-15 on normal muscle cells has been reported, the presence of IL-15 membrane receptors was studied by cytofluorometric analysis. Rhabdomyosarcoma cells showed IL-15 membrane receptors, which are down-modulated by wild-type p53 transfected gene. In conclusion, wild-type p53 transduction in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells induces the down-modulation of both IL-15 production and IL-15 receptor expression.

Selenium status and over-expression of interleukin-15 in celiac disease and autoimmune thyroid diseases

Stazi,Anna Velia; Trinti,Biagino
Fonte: Istituto Superiore di Sanità Publicador: Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 Português
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In celiac disease (CD), for its multifactorial nature, the target organs are not limited to the gut, but include thyroid, liver, skin and reproductive and nervous systems. Between the extraintestinal symptoms associated with CD, autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) are more evident, underlining as CD-related autoimmune alterations can be modulated not only by gluten but also by various concurrent endogenous (genetic affinity, over-expression of cytokines) and exogenous (environment, nutritional deficiency) factors. In their pathogenesis a central role for over-expression of interleukin-15 (IL-15) is shown, by inhibiting apoptosis, leading to the perpetuation of inflammation and tissue destruction. Thyroid is particularly sensitive to selenium deficiency because selenoproteins are significant in biosynthesis and activity of thyroid hormones; besides, some selenoproteins as glutathione peroxidase are involved in inhibiting apoptosis. Thus, selenium malabsorption in CD can be thought as a key factor directly leading to thyroid and intestinal damage. Considering the complexity of this interaction and on the basis of available evidence, the aim of this review is to assess as preventive and therapeutic target the role of IL-15 and selenium in the pathogeneses of both CD and AITD.