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Um modelo para interoperabilidade entre instituições heterogêneas; A Model for Interoperability between Heterogeneous Institutions

Araújo, Cláudia Josimar Abrão de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/12/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.21%
A interação entre instituições heterogêneas tem sido cada vez mais necessária para obter e disponibilizar informações e serviços para seus usuários internos e externos. Esta interação tem sido sustentada principalmente pelo uso das novas tecnologias da informação e comunicação. A interoperabilidade entre instituições heterogêneas garante esta interação e proporciona vários benefícios como, por exemplo, utilizar toda a plataforma legada das instituições e ainda permitir a interação entre os sistemas. Entretanto, para que esta interoperabilidade seja possível é necessária a definição de conceitos comuns que padronizam e orientam as interações entre as instituições. Através destes conceitos comuns, as instituições podem trocar informações entre si e ainda manter sua independência e as particularidades em seus sistemas internos. Em nosso trabalho, propomos um Modelo para Interoperabilidade entre Instituições Heterogêneas (MIIH). A especificação das regras de interação e, especificamente, os protocolos de interoperabilidade entre as instituições são escritas usando JamSession, que é uma plataforma para a coordenação de serviços de software heterogêneos e distribuídos. O modelo também define uma arquitetura baseada em Artefatos do Conhecimento Institucionais para lidar com as conexões com os sistemas das instituições. Estes Artefatos do Conhecimento Institucionais são baseados no conceito geral de Artefatos do Conhecimento...

Impacto da interoperabilidade na eficiência de processos intergovernamentais de governo eletrônico: o caso da matrícula escolar no Estado de São Paulo; Interoperability impact in e-governmental intergovernmental process efficiency: the case of São Paulo State's school enrollment

Albuquerque Filho, Antonio Celso de Paula
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/01/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
Neste trabalho é avaliado o impacto da interoperabilidade intergovernamental na melhoria da eficiência nos processos de governo eletrônico, em especial entre estados e municípios. Governo Eletrônico é visto como o uso intensivo de tecnologia da informação para atender às necessidades do Estado com foco nos cidadãos, visando otimizar os processos governamentais. A Interoperabilidade é a capacidade de troca transparente de dados entre sistemas. A união dos dois conceitos, aplicada nas relações intergovernamentais, tem como objetivo propiciar, principalmente ao poder executivo nas três instâncias - união, estados e municípios -, a troca de dados de forma transparente e desburocratizada, buscando a melhoria do atendimento ao cidadão e da eficiência, eficácia e efetividade entre os entes federados. Para compreender a influência da interoperabilidade na eficiência destes processos foi analisado o processo de matrículas escolares entre os sistemas do estado e do município de São Paulo. No Estado de São Paulo são realizadas, anualmente, cerca de dez milhões de matrículas no ensino básico, sendo um terço (três milhões e meio aproximadamente) no município de São Paulo. Partindo-se da descrição histórica do processo de implantação...

Information systems interoperability in Public Administration : identifying the major acting forces through a Delphi study

Soares, Delfina de Sá; Amaral, Luís
Fonte: Universidad de Talca - Chile Publicador: Universidad de Talca - Chile
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
Information Systems (IS) interoperability in Public Administration (PA) is a main goal and a major challenge for PA professionals. Achieving interoperability among IS that are technologically disparate and that exist in different organizational contexts is a complex task, being affected by multiple aspects, not yet satisfactorily known and characterized. The aim of this paper is to unveil the forces that influence IS interoperability initiatives in PA. The inquiry was inspired by Lewin’s Field Theory. The data generation process was based on a Delphi study involving 55 experts from PA, IS/IT industry, and academy. A set of 31 forces were identified and ranked based on the level of importance they assume in IS interoperability initiatives. Thirty eight propositions describing restraining and driving influences were also formulated, as well as 24 propositions about forces’ configuration in the current context of Portuguese PA that represent the specific constellation of forces acting in IS interoperability initiatives in that country. The results of this study provide an understanding of the complex of forces acting in IS interoperability, contributing to improve the study, management, and implementation of these initiatives and...

The next generation of interoperability agents in healthcare

Cardoso, Luciana; Marins, Fernando; Portela, Filipe; Santos, Manuel; Machado, José Manuel; Abelha, António
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2014 Português
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Interoperability in health information systems is increasingly a requirement rather than an option. Standards and technologies, such as multi-agent systems, have proven to be powerful tools in interoperability issues. In the last few years, the authors have worked on developing the Agency for Integration, Diffusion and Archive of Medical Information (AIDA), which is an intelligent, agent-based platform to ensure interoperability in healthcare units. It is increasingly important to ensure the high availability and reliability of systems. The functions provided by the systems that treat interoperability cannot fail. This paper shows the importance of monitoring and controlling intelligent agents as a tool to anticipate problems in health information systems. The interaction between humans and agents through an interface that allows the user to create new agents easily and to monitor their activities in real time is also an important feature, as health systems evolve by adopting more features and solving new problems. A module was installed in Centro Hospitalar do Porto, increasing the functionality and the overall usability of AIDA.

Innovativeness and its link to interoperability: An investigation using a novel Business Narrative Modelling Language (BNML)

Oliveira, Manuel Au-Yong; Ferreira, João José Pinto
Fonte: DEGI, FEUP, Universidade do Porto Publicador: DEGI, FEUP, Universidade do Porto
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
We intend to use multiple case studies to develop a theoretical model concerning the contemporary phenomenon of organizational innovativeness and its link to interoperability. We are interested in particular in interoperability as pertaining to people and organizations able to operate in conjunction (together) to produce innovation. Interoperability can be defined as “the ability of a system or an organization to work seamless[ly] with other systems or organization[s] without any special effort” (Mertins et al., 2008, p.v) and Gasser and Palfrey (2007, p.ii) state that “One of the reasons why we tend to like interoperability is that we believe it leads to innovation”. However, they continue, “the relationship between interoperability and innovation, while it likely exists in most cases, is extremely hard to prove” (Gasser and Palfrey, 2007, p.ii). In so doing we are to test a business narrative modelling language (BNML) that we have developed. BNML is a research method that uses representations combining storylines, roles, ontologies, patterns, assets and value exchanges. We intend to apply our BNML as a main doctoral research effort to map out the creation of value and innovation in organizations. The need for BNML arose given a growing dissatisfaction with qualitative research approaches and also due to the need to bring entrepreneurs...

Analysis of the potential for organizational interoperability improvement in local government

Dias, G.P.; Narciso, T.
Fonte: CISTI Publicador: CISTI
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
In this artic le we present an analysis of the potential for organizational interoperability in a cluster of local government in Portugal consisting of the City Council, the Land Registry Office and the Tax Office of Portalegre. Based on an exhaustive survey of procedures we identified the direct and indirect interactions between these three agencies and measured the rate of organizational interoperability and the potential for improving organizational interoperability. These two quantities were defined within the scope of the research work that is described in the article. We also present a set of proposals that will, in the short and medium term, significantly improve organizational interoperability in the cluster. The results obtained allow affirming the relevance of organizational interoperability in the context of e-government initiatives.

Organising interoperability information on highly dynamic and heterogeneous environments

Teixeira, Tiago André Rolo
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.21%
Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Mestre em Engenharia Electrotécnica e de Computadores; The “Internet of Things” is a dynamic global network infrastructure where physical and virtual “things” communicate and share information amongst themselves. Plug and Interoperate is an approach that allows heterogeneous “things” to plug (into data) and seamlessly exchange information within the environment. To allow that, Plug and Interoperate needs to have the comprehension about the existing interoperability information. For this, the interoperability information needs to be duly organised. However, and in the “Internet of Things”, this presents major challenges. First, it is difficult to index all interoperability information due to the “things” heterogeneity (many and different languages and formats) and due to the dynamics of the system (disparate things entering/leaving the environment at all times). Also, that the environment can be used with much different purposes, which hinders the way on how the interoperability information should be organised. So, an architecture of an Interoperability Repository System is presented, in order to organise all interoperability information in this kind of environments. The solution handles heterogeneous interoperability information and allows users to add a User Space to the repository in order to customise it to specific needs. It also provides a notification mechanism in order to notify users of new or updated interoperability information.

Sustainability of systems interoperability in dynamic business networks

Agostinho, Carlos Manuel Melo
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.21%
Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Doutor em Engenharia Electrotécnica e de Computadores; Collaborative networked environments emerged with the spread of the internet, contributing to overcome past communication barriers, and identifying interoperability as an essential property to support businesses development. When achieved seamlessly, efficiency is increased in the entire product life cycle support. However, due to the different sources of knowledge, models and semantics, enterprise organisations are experiencing difficulties exchanging critical information, even when they operate in the same business environments. To solve this issue, most of them try to attain interoperability by establishing peer-to-peer mappings with different business partners, or use neutral data and product standards as the core for information sharing, in optimized networks. In current industrial practice, the model mappings that regulate enterprise communications are only defined once, and most of them are hardcoded in the information systems. This solution has been effective and sufficient for static environments, where enterprise and product models are valid for decades. However, more and more enterprise systems are becoming dynamic, adapting and looking forward to meet further requirements; a trend that is causing new interoperability disturbances and efficiency reduction on existing partnerships. Enterprise Interoperability (EI) is a well established area of applied research...

NEGOSEIO: framework for the sustainability of model-oriented enterprise interoperability

Coutinho, Carlos Eduardo Dias
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Dissertation to obtain the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical and Computer Engineering(Industrial Information Systems); This dissertation tackles the problematic of Enterprise Interoperability in the current globally connected world. The evolution of the Information and Communication Technologies has endorsed the establishment of fast, secure and robust data exchanges, promoting the development of networked solutions. This allowed the specialisation of enterprises (particularly SMEs) and favoured the development of complex and heterogeneous provider systems. Enterprises are abandoning their self-centrism and working together on the development of more complete solutions. Entire business solutions are built integrating several enterprises (e.g., in supply chains, enterprise nesting) towards a common objective. Additionally, technologies, platforms, trends, standards and regulations keep evolving and demanding enterprises compliance. This evolution needs to be continuous, and is naturally followed by a constant update of each networked enterprise’s interfaces, assets, methods and processes. This unstable environment of perpetual change is causing major concerns in both SMEs and customers as the current interoperability grounds are frail...

Methodology for enterprise interoperability assessment

Caixinha, Bruno Paulo da Silva Neves
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Mestre em Engenharia Electrotécnica e de Computadores; With the evolution of modern enterprises and the increasing market competitiveness, the creation of ecosystems with large amounts of data and knowledge generally needing to be exchanged electronically, is arising. However, this enterprise inter and intra-connectivity is suffering from interoperability issues. Not visible when it is effective, the lack of interoperability poses a series of challenging problems to the industrial community, which can reduce the envisaged efficiency and increase costs. Those problems are mostly caused by misinterpretations of data at the systems level, but problems at the organizational and human levels may pose equivalent difficulties. Existing research and technology provides several frameworks to assist the development of collaborative environments and enterprise networks with well-defined methods to facilitate interoperability. Nonetheless, the interoperability process is not guaranteed and is not easily sustainable, changing upon frequent market and requirement variations. For these reasons, there is a need for a testing methodology to assess the capability of enterprises to cooperate at a certain point in time. This dissertation proposes a methodology to assess that capability...

Hub-and-spoke Interoperability: an out of the skies approach for large-scale data interoperability

Maló, Pedro Miguel Negrão
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Doutor em Engenharia Electrotécnica e de Computadores; Data Interoperability is a key challenge in large-scale heterogeneous environments. In here, interoperability via standards is not feasible or even possible; then, the classic approach, Point-to-Point (P2P) Interoperability, presents here two key problems: the trouble of non-modifiable systems that inhibit full possible interoperability and the excessive quantity of interoperability resources needed for establishing interoperability. A new approach is required for sustaining interoperability in those environments! Laterally thinking, commercial air transportation environments exhibit similar properties and problems to Data Interoperability environments and therefore face comparable difficulties. Outstanding approaches such as scissor-hub operations and the hub-andspoke paradigm have managed to address those challenges in commercial air transportation environments. Which, looking from data interoperability perspective, raises the idea of Mediated Interoperability and Interoperability Compositions. From there, a novel approach for data interoperability is proposed, the Hub-and-Spoke(H&S) Interoperability, as the hypothesis for addressing data interoperability in largescale environments. The H&S Interoperability approach fully solves the interoperability coverage problem and significantly reduces the number of resources needed for realising interoperability...

A new MDA-SOA based framework for intercloud interoperability

Nodehi, Tahereh
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em /12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
Cloud computing has been one of the most important topics in Information Technology which aims to assure scalable and reliable on-demand services over the Internet. The expansion of the application scope of cloud services would require cooperation between clouds from different providers that have heterogeneous functionalities. This collaboration between different cloud vendors can provide better Quality of Services (QoS) at the lower price. However, current cloud systems have been developed without concerns of seamless cloud interconnection, and actually they do not support intercloud interoperability to enable collaboration between cloud service providers. Hence, the PhD work is motivated to address interoperability issue between cloud providers as a challenging research objective. This thesis proposes a new framework which supports inter-cloud interoperability in a heterogeneous computing resource cloud environment with the goal of dispatching the workload to the most effective clouds available at runtime. Analysing different methodologies that have been applied to resolve various problem scenarios related to interoperability lead us to exploit Model Driven Architecture (MDA) and Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) methods as appropriate approaches for our inter-cloud framework. Moreover...

Model for interoperability evaluation in e-government services

Martínez Usero, J. A.; Beltrán Orenes, Pilar; Martínez Comeche, J. A.; San Segundo Manuel, Rosa
Fonte: FORMATEX Publicador: FORMATEX
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
The recent publication of the European and Spanish interoperability frameworks implies that public organizations should start a change management process in order to adapt their technologies and procedures to the new standard as a way to guarantee information interoperability across e-government services.The main justification for this research is to disseminate the interoperability standards among Spanish public organizations and to provide methodological and technical guidelines to facilitate the adaptation process, and to foster the usage of new techniques and procedures for information integration and management. The aim of the research consists of identifying the essential aspects to take into consideration to guarantee the information and knowledge interoperability in e-government services. In this context good practices in information interoperability are taken into account and three basic approaches are identified: (1)Information and knowledge management: mark-up languages, open software and formats, and electronic document processing; (2) Metadata for knowledge representation in electronic resources; and (3) Web accessibility to improve access for all.; proceedings of IV International Conference on Multimedia and Information & Communication Technologies in Education...

From vision to interoperability: an analysis of Department of Defense and service initiatives

Maiorana, Joseph M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 65 p.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This paper is an assessment of Department of Defense (DoD) and service initiatives to ensure joint interoperability of Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C41) systems. Using a consolidated initiative matrix, visions and actions are reviewed to identify intent, and existing documents used by C41 system planners, designers, and developers are assessed against essential system development criteria, required baseline actions, to achieve interoperability. Findings reveal that interoperability development guidance and tools do not address mission-specific parameters of C4I systems. Not all C4I systems are the same. Mission-specific requirements dictate whether a system is interoperable or not. The current interoperability definition is quite vague for mission-specific systems, and existing DoD and service initiatives only address general guidance to focus system development. Common mission-specific cases are provided and demonstrate that achieving interoperability is more than general guidance and more than the ability to pass data or information through seamless interfaces to ensure that systems are functional. Interoperability must be further defined by analyzing a C41 system's unique mission. Finally...

Second European Summit on Interoperability in the iGovernment; ESIIG2

Fonte: Regione Lazio: Roma, Italia: 2008 Publicador: Regione Lazio: Roma, Italia: 2008
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
Português
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37.36%
331 p. , Il, Tablas, Gráficos.; Libro Electrónico; ESIIG2 - The Second European Summit on Interoperability in the iGovernment, represents an unprecedented occasion to develop new synergies and create contacts with representatives of the European Commission, of the national and regional governments of Europe, of the research field, the Academia and experts of the ICT sector. Mrs Viviane Reding, Member of the European Commission for Information Society and Media gave her official patronage to the Second European Summit of Interoperability in the iGovernment, ESIIG2. Event with the patronage CISIS (Italian Interregional Centre of Information and Statistic Systems) The European Commission initiative i2010, through the DG Information and Media Society offered its support to ESIIG2.; ForewordXI ESIIG 3 What is ESIIG2? 3 Commissioner Reding message 4 ESIIG 2 Co - hosted events5 The Programme 6 ESIIG2 Supporters8 The Regional Ministry for consumer protection and administrative simplification13 The Technical and Scientific Committee15 Structure of the Technical and Scientific Committee15 What does the Committee do?15 Important and innovative initiatives of ESIIG 219 Publication of the Call for Papers Results23 T-Seniority: E-inclusion and Interoperability25 Alejandro Echeverria Security and Privacy Preserving Data in E-Government Integration31 Claudio Biancalana...

Digital Identity Interoperability and eInnovation

Palfrey, John; Gasser, Urs
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
This paper, one of three case studies in a transatlantic research project exploring the connection between Information and Communication Technology interoperability and eInnovation, considers the current state and possible evolution of Digital Identity. While consumers would undoubtedly reap convenience benefits from an ubiquitous single sign-on (SSO) technology, the potential for privacy and security issues makes Digital ID a complex issue. The user-centric, federated, and centralized models of Digital ID each have their advantages and drawbacks. While a few companies have previously attempted to establish a single Digital ID standard that they would control, the failure of those efforts has led to a situation where most players in the industry seem to see interoperability as essential to build up the market in the face of frequent ambivalence from consumers, e-commerce merchants, and other potential users. Broadly, Digital ID could enable a wide range of new Web-based applications, increasing consumers' flexibility and reducing transactions costs. However, having Digital ID be too ubiquitous could threaten the continued viability of anonymous speech in some contexts. It could also lead to more entities having greater access to personal data of consumers...

APPLICATION INTEROPERABILITY BIM USED IN ARCHITECTURE THROUGH THE FORMAT IF; INTEROPERABILIDADE DE APLICATIVOS BIM USADOS EM ARQUITETURA POR MEIO DO FORMATO IFC

Andrade, Max Lira Veras X. de; Ruschel, Regina Coeli
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Avaliado Por Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
The Building Information Modeling (BIM) concept emphasizes interoperability and collaboration between Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry agents. However, aside from the fact that these agents haven´t explored all potentiality of technology supported collaboration, there is also the fact that BIM software are inefficient to allow fluent data exchange between different applications; therefore, making it more difficult to collaborate and cooperation through data sharing. In order to diagnose the maturity of BIM applications in interoperability resources, a study was developed to indentify the major non-conformities of building information models represented in the IFC format generated by architecture BIM authoring software. Therefore, this paper discusses how these applications handle information from the same families of objects when exported and imported to and from the IFC format. The first part of the article is a revision on collaboration, interoperability and IFC concept. Secondly, a two-story building in ArchiCAD e Revit software is presented. These models are exported to the IFC files format. Afterwards these IFC models are imported or opened in ArchiCAD, Revit and two IFC visualization software and analyses for non-compliance are executed. The results show: losses in consistence of the data model...

Interoperability – the IR (COAR) perspective

Summann, Friedrich
Fonte: euroCRIS Publicador: euroCRIS
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
66 slides.-- Presentation delivered at the session "Interoperability: the view of euroCRIS Strategic Partners and CRIS Vendors"; Among a wealth of reflections on interoperability from the CRIS viewpoint, this presentation from euroCRIS Strategic Partner the Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) addresses the main conference topic from the repository perspective. The presentation stresses the very large number of repository platforms presently available worldwide which operate on highly standardized information exchange mechanisms and recommends that CRISs should become fully OAI-PMH compliant in order to realise the interoperability goals under discussion. The forthcoming "COAR Roadmap for Future Directions for Repositories Interoperability" is also presented as a synthesis of the features repositories are aiming to shortly address in order to enhance system interoperability.

The various aspects of Interoperability: A strategic partnership driving interoperability in research information through standards

Baker, David; Simons, Eduard; Brown, Josh
Fonte: euroCRIS Publicador: euroCRIS
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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25 slides.-- Presentation delivered at the round table session "Introduction to the theme of the Meeting: Interoperability of Research Information"; This joint presentation by euroCRIS, CASRAI and ORCID introduces the concept of “interoperability” and presents an integrated (“turn-key”) approach for the realisation of improved and sustainable interoperability in the research information ecosystem, based on a strategic partnership of international standards organisations, each dealing with separate aspects of interoperability. A three-layer research information interoperability model is described – involving the domain, the technology and the governance levels – as the basis on which this approach should lie.

MAPWINDOW VS. ARCGIS: TOWARDS FEATURING THE INTEROPERABILITY BETWEEN GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

ZAPATA,CARLOS MARIO; TORO,FRANCISCO MAURICIO; MARÍN,MARÍA ISABEL
Fonte: DYNA Publicador: DYNA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.16%
Heterogeneous information systems can make data and process operations by means of a functionality called interoperability. Geographic information system (GIS) interoperability is based on two factors: the increasing use of such systems in companies and the need to supplement their information-when generated in isolation from heterogeneous GISs, leading to coupling troubles. Major initiatives in GIS interoperability solve arising problems by defining sets of standards and by specifying development interfaces. Such initiatives allow interoperability between pairs of homogeneous GISs, which hold the same standards or development interfaces, avoiding GIS heterogeneity. The above reasons lead us to deal, in this paper, with MapWindow-ArcGIS interoperability. We use an example in order to determine the remarking features of such interoperability process.