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A crise: Um novo paradigma no estudo da insegurança laboral? Estudo das relações entre insegurança laboral, intenções de saída e práticas de gestão de recursos humanos

Costa, Hélio David Martins da
Fonte: ISPA - Instituto Universitário Publicador: ISPA - Instituto Universitário
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.93%
Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicologia Social e das Organizações apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; O objectivo deste estudo foi o de compreender até que ponto existiria uma relação entre a Insegurança Laboral e as Intenções de Saída, e ao mesmo tempo procurou-se encontrar um efeito de moderação com as Práticas de Gestão de Recursos Humanos (PGRH). Com esse fim hipotetizou-se (1) um impacto positivo da Insegurança Laboral sobre as Intenções de Saída dos colaboradores. (2) A existência de moderação das Práticas de Gestão de Recursos Humanos sob a Insegurança Laboral e as Intenções de Saída. Neste estudo participaram 525 colaboradores, de diferentes regiões de Portugal. Os resultados demonstraram que foi encontrado um efeito negativo entre a Insegurança Laboral e as Intenções de Saída. Não foi comprovado o efeito moderador das PGRH com a Insegurança Laboral e as Intenções de Saída. Conclui-se que a relação negativa existente entre a Insegurança Laboral e as Intenções de Saída poderá ser explicada pela crise econômica Portuguesa.; ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to understand the extent to which there exists a relationship between Job Insecurity and Turnover Intentions at the same time we tried to find a moderating effect with the Human Resources Practices. To this end it was hypothesized (1) a negative a negative relation between Job Insecurity and Turnover Intentions (2) The existence of moderating effect of the Human Resources Practices with Job Insecurity and Turnover Intentions. This study involved 525 employees from different regions of Portugal. The results found a negative effect between Job Insecurity and Turnover Intentions...

O compromisso organizacional num contexto de insegurança laboral

Palhinha, Inês Godinho Teles
Fonte: ISPA - Instituto Universitário Publicador: ISPA - Instituto Universitário
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47%
Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicologia Social e das Organizações, apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; Este estudo pretende analisar a relação entre Insegurança Laboral e Compromisso Organizacional e verificar se as Práticas de Gestão de Recursos Humanos exercem um efeito moderador nesta relação. Participaram neste estudo 525 participantes, colaboradores de diferentes organizações de todo o território português. Os resultados revelaram um efeito negativo e significativo entre Insegurança Laboral e Compromisso Afetivo; um efeito negativo e significativo entre Insegurança Laboral e Compromisso Normativo e um efeito positivo mas não significativo entre Insegurança Laboral e Compromisso Calculativo. Não foi possível comprovar a existência de um efeito moderador das Práticas de Gestão de Recursos Humanos na relação entre Insegurança Laboral e Compromisso Afetivo e Insegurança Laboral e Compromisso Normativo. Verificou-se, no entanto, um efeito moderador das Práticas de Gestão de Recursos Humanos na relação entre Insegurança Laboral e Compromisso Calculativo. Observou-se ainda que, as Práticas de Gestão de Recursos Humanos que exerceram um efeito moderador na relação entre Insegurança Laboral e Compromisso Calculativo foram: Integração e Acolhimento; Avaliação de Desempenho...

Perceived job insecurity and worker health in the United States

Burgard, Sarah A.; Brand, Jennie E; House, James S
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.89%
Economic recessions, the industrial shift from manufacturing toward service industries, and rising global competition have contributed to uncertainty about job security, with potential consequences for workers’ health. To address limitations of prior research on the health consequences of perceived job insecurity, we use longitudinal data from two nationally-representative samples of the United States population, and examine episodic and persistent perceived job insecurity over periods of about three years to almost a decade. Results show that persistent perceived job insecurity is a significant and substantively important predictor of poorer self-rated health in the American’s Changing Lives (ACL) and Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) samples, and of depressive symptoms among ACL respondents. Job losses or unemployment episodes are associated with perceived job insecurity, but do not account for its association with health. Results are robust to controls for sociodemographic and job characteristics, negative reporting style, and earlier health and health behaviors.

Job insecurity and health: A study of 16 European countries

László, Krisztina D.; Pikhart, Hynek; Kopp, Mária S.; Bobak, Martin; Pajak, Andrzej; Malyutina, Sofia; Salavecz, Gyöngyvér; Marmot, Michael
Fonte: Pergamon Publicador: Pergamon
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47%
Although the number of insecure jobs has increased considerably over the recent decades, relatively little is known about the health consequences of job insecurity, their international pattern, and factors that may modify them. In this paper, we investigated the association between job insecurity and self-rated health, and whether the relationship differs by country or individual-level characteristics. Cross-sectional data from 3 population-based studies on job insecurity, self-rated health, demographic, socioeconomic, work-related and behavioural factors and lifetime chronic diseases in 23,245 working subjects aged 45–70 years from 16 European countries were analysed using logistic regression and meta-analysis. In fully adjusted models, job insecurity was significantly associated with an increased risk of poor health in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, the Netherlands, Poland and Russia, with odds ratios ranging between 1.3 and 2.0. Similar, but not significant, associations were observed in Austria, France, Italy, Spain and Switzerland. We found no effect of job insecurity in Belgium and Sweden. In the pooled data, the odds ratio of poor health by job insecurity was 1.39. The association between job insecurity and health did not differ significantly by age...

Job Strain, Job Insecurity, and Incident Cardiovascular Disease in the Women’s Health Study: Results from a 10-Year Prospective Study

Slopen, Natalie; Glynn, Robert J.; Buring, Julie Elizabeth; Lewis, Tené T.; Williams, David; Albert, Michelle A.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.98%
Objectives: Research about work-related stressors and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has produced mixed findings. Moreover, a paucity of data exists regarding the long-term associations between job strain and job insecurity and CVD among women. Methods We used Cox proportional hazard models to examine the relationship between job strain, job insecurity, and incident CVD over 10 years of follow-up among 22,086 participants in the Women’s Health Study (mean age 57±5 years). Results: During 10 years of follow-up there were 170 myocardial infarctions (MI), 163 ischemic strokes, 440 coronary revascularizations, and 52 CVD deaths. In models adjusted for age, race, education, and income, women with high job strain (high demand, low control) were 38% more likely to experience a CVD event than their counterparts who reported low job strain (low demand, high control; Rate Ratio (RR) = 1.38, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 1.08–1.77), and women with active jobs (high demand, high control) were 38% more likely to experience a CVD event relative to women who reported low job strain (95% CI = 1.07–1.77). Outcome-specific analyses revealed that high job strain predicted non-fatal myocardial infarction (RR = 1.67, CI = 1.04–2.70), and coronary revascularization (RR = 1.41...

Perceived job insecurity as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis

Virtanen, Marianna; Nyberg, Solja T; Batty, G David; Jokela, Markus; Heikkilä, Katriina; Fransson, Eleonor I; Alfredsson, Lars; Bjorner, Jakob B; Borritz, Marianne; Burr, Hermann; Casini, Annalisa; Clays, Els; De Bacquer, Dirk; Dragano, Nico; Elovainio,
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.97%
Objective: To determine the association between self reported job insecurity and incident coronary heart disease. Design: A meta-analysis combining individual level data from a collaborative consortium and published studies identified by a systematic review. Data sources We obtained individual level data from 13 cohort studies participating in the Individual-Participant-Data Meta-analysis in Working Populations Consortium. Four published prospective cohort studies were identified by searches of Medline (to August 2012) and Embase databases (to October 2012), supplemented by manual searches. Review methods Prospective cohort studies that reported risk estimates for clinically verified incident coronary heart disease by the level of self reported job insecurity. Two independent reviewers extracted published data. Summary estimates of association were obtained using random effects models. Results: The literature search yielded four cohort studies. Together with 13 cohort studies with individual participant data, the meta-analysis comprised up to 174 438 participants with a mean follow-up of 9.7 years and 1892 incident cases of coronary heart disease. Age adjusted relative risk of high versus low job insecurity was 1.32 (95% confidence interval 1.09 to 1.59). The relative risk of job insecurity adjusted for sociodemographic and risk factors was 1.19 (1.00 to 1.42). There was no evidence of significant differences in this association by sex...

Choosing a System of Unemployment Income Support : Guidelines for Developing and Transition Countries

Vodopivec, Milan
Fonte: Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank Publicador: Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.88%
Mounting evidence suggests that excessive job protection reduces employment and labor market flows, hinders technological innovations, pushes workers into the informal sector, and hurts vulnerable groups by depriving them of job opportunities. Flexible labor markets stimulate job creation, investment, and growth, but they create job insecurity and displace some workers. How can the costs of such insecurity and displacements be minimized while ensuring that the labor market remains flexible? Each of the main unemployment income support systems (unemployment insurance, unemployment assistance, unemployment insurance savings accounts, severance pay, and public works) has strengths and weaknesses. Country-specific conditions, chief among them labor market and other institutions, the capacity to administer each type of system, and the size of the informal sector, determine which system is best suited to developing and transition countries.

“Eu sei e quero fazer” : Quanto mais competências, maior engagement

Azevedo, Maria do Carmo Ribeiro Reis de Noronha
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.93%
Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao ISPA - Insituto Universitário; Este estudo visa fornecer evidências empíricas adicionais sobre o impacto das Práticas Organizacionais de Desenvolvimento de Competências (PODC) no Engagement no trabalho e analisar se esta relação é mediada pela Insegurança Laboral. Para esse fim hipotetizou-se: a Insegurança Laboral tem um efeito mediador na relação entre as Práticas Organizacionais de Desenvolvimento de Competências e o Engagement no trabalho. Participaram neste estudo 302 participantes, colaboradores em diversas organizacões sediados no território português. Os resultados revelaram que as Práticas Organizacionais de Desenvolvimento de Competências têm um efeito significativo e positivo no Engagement no trabalho e um efeito significativo e negativo na Insegurança Laboral. A Insegurança Laboral tem um impacto significativo e negativo no Engagement no trabalho. Comprovou-se um efeito de mediação parcial da Insegurança Laboral na relação entre as PODC e o Engagement no trabalho. Testou-se ainda o efeito mediador de cada uma das dimensões da escala de PODC (Formação, Suporte Individualizado e Rotação Funcional) na relação entre as PODC e o Engagement no trabalho...

A mediated moderation study to explain the negative relationship between job insecurity and employee supportive voice

Tojeira, Rafael Brardo
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.93%
Double degree; This study examines a mediated moderation model to explain the association between job insecurity and employee supportive voice, having affective commitment and emotional exhaustion as mediators, and employability with a buffering role. The sample was composed of 244 employees from distinct organizations. SPSS tool, Process, was used to analyse the data. As predicted, findings showed a significant indirect effect of job insecurity on employees’ supportive voice through affective commitment. On contrary, the association was not supported through emotional exhaustion. No direct relationship between job insecurity and employee supportive voice was observed. Also no mitigating effect from employability was observed on job insecurity. This research contributes to the study of job insecurity and the emotions it arises in the employees towards the organization, by showing two possible perspectives. This paper evidences that supervisors may promote the adequate environment in the organization, to promote positive emotions on the employees and, consequently, effectiveness at the workplace.

Job insecurity and globalisation: what factors shape public opinion in Asia and Europe?

Wilson, Shaun; Marsh, Ian; Breusch, Trevor
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 803022 bytes; 372 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
Although evidence varies, the process of globalisation has produced concern among the public in terms of its possible effects on job security. Our objective is to discover some of the determinants of the variation in public opinion on this issue. We analyse public opinion about the effects of globalisation on job security [using a multi-response item] based on the Asia-Europe Study (ASES) study of 18,000 respondents in nine Asian and nine European countries, which studies regions and globalisation. We use multinomial logistic regression techniques to determine the factors that are significant in explaining variation in responses on job security including: demographics, economic situation, value orientations, national political and policy attitudes, and selected economic and migration data. Regression models are specified for the respective regions. Important findings from the results for Europe are that measures of economic insecurity, worries about immigration, dissatisfaction with national government performance and political values are positively associated with ‘bad effect’ responses. In Asia, there is strong support for the good effects of globalisation on job security, especially among younger respondents. Importantly, this support appears to be more widespread and is not predicted by 'winner status' (education and living standards) as is the case for Europe. Our conclusions are: negative attitudes to the job effects of globalisation in Europe are in part values-driven and that national government performance on unemployment - which has been generally dismal - matters in determining opinion about this issue. Combined with evidence from the survey...

Revisión de la literatura sobre inseguridad en el trabajo: el caso de Latinoamérica; Review of the job insecurity literature: The case of Latin America

MARTÍNEZ, GABRIEL; DE CUYPER, NELE; DE WITTE, HANS
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.74%
El presente artículo explica los aspectos centrales abordados en la literatura sobre inseguridad laboral, incluyendo definiciones, medición y consecuencias para los trabajadores y las organizaciones. Más aun, se orienta a llevar la literatura un poco más lejos al resumir los estudios sobre inseguridad laboral en América Latina y al indicar algunas rutas de investigación, particularmente en el contexto latinoamericano.; The present article explains the core aspects addressed in the job insecurity literature, including definitions, measures, and consequences for the workers and their organizations. It furthermore aims to take this literature one step further by ummarizing job insecurity studies from Latin America, and by hinting at routes for future research particularly in the context of Latin America.

Work demands, job insecurity and sickness absence from work: How productive is the new, flexible labour force?

D'Souza, Rennie; Strazdins, Lyndall; Broom, Dorothy; Rodgers, Bryan; Berry, Helen
Fonte: Public Health Association of Australia Publicador: Public Health Association of Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.5%
Background: We investigate one aspect of productivity - sickness absence - and ask whether job insecurity and high work demands are associated with increased sickness absence and, if so, whether mental or physical health mediates this association. We furt

The Social Consequences of Job Insecurity in the European Union

Burchell, Brendan J.
Fonte: Universidade de Cambridge Publicador: Universidade de Cambridge
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.71%
The relationship between job insecurity and psychological wellbeing seems to be unpredictable between countries, independent from their level of claimed or actual flexicurity policies. This calls into doubt one of the important claimed benefits of flexicurity ? ameliorating the threat associated with job loss. Why? ? Lack of knowledge about active labour market policies, etc? ? Psychological attachment is with current job, not "employability"?

Flexicurity as a moderator of the relationship between job insecurity and psychological well-being

Burchell, Brendan J.
Fonte: Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society Publicador: Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society
Tipo: Article; submitted version
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.79%
Flexicurity has been heralded as the solution to simultaneously maintain the well-being of employees through employment security while allowing employers to benefit from flexibility. This paper examines one of the claimed benefits that countries with flexicurity policies will reduce the stress on employees who experience job insecurity. More specifically, it is argued 10 that more generous unemployment benefits along with active labour market policies to facilitate rapid re-employment reduces the anxiety associated with insecurity. Analyses of two international data sets found little evidence for this moderation of the link between insecurity and well-being in countries that are assumed to be exemplars of flexicurity. The economic rationality behind these claims is questioned, and a psychological approach to job 15 insecurity is suggested as an alternative.

Job insecurity and stress level

Rodríguez Feijóo,Nélida
Fonte: Interdisciplinaria Publicador: Interdisciplinaria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.61%
This paper studies the influence of some socio-demographic variables such as age, gender, education, and occupational level, on stress levels. The impact of other relevant variables such as social support and coping strategies, were also analyzed in connection to stress in a sample of 200 subjects suffering from job insecurity. Results show that most of the above mentioned variables have a significant influence on the level of stress. Apparently, stress was higher in people with poorer social support; the coping style also proved very important.

Contingencies of Contingent Employment: Psychological Contract, Job Insecurity and Employability of Contracted Workers

Chambel,Maria José; Fontinha,Rita
Fonte: Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones Publicador: Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.61%
Drawing on psychological contract literature, the present study examines the emerging contingent employment relationships, which involve the contracted workers, the employment agency and the client organization on whose premises these employees work. This sample includes eighty-eight white-collar employees working for four Portuguese agencies. The results suggest that the perceived fulfilment of client’s obligations relates positively to the perceived fulfilment of agency’s obligations and that these constructs are independent of one another. Furthermore, as expected, we have found that the perception of job insecurity relates negatively to the fulfilment of agency’s obligations. No relationship was found between employability and the perceived fulfilment of client’s obligations. The results have implications for practitioners and future research.

Unravelling safety compliance in the mining industry: examining the role of work stress, job insecurity, satisfaction and commitment as antecedents

Masia,Uanda; Pienaar,Jaco
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.92%
ORIENTATION: Safety compliance remains a major issue in the South African mining industry. This article explores the roles of specific work-related job and attitudinal variables in predicting compliance. RESEARCH PURPOSE:The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of work stress, job insecurity, satisfaction and commitment to safety compliance in a mine. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: The study aims to predict safety compliance through work-related variables in order to manage safety better. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: The researchers used a cross-sectional survey design with a convenience sample (n = 158). They distributed a survey booklet. It included a biographical questionnaire, scales for job insecurity, satisfaction, affective organisational commitment, workplace accidents and safety compliance as well as a work stress measure that comprised dimensions of role clarity, conflict and overload. MAIN FINDINGS: The results showed that work stress and job insecurity had a negative relationship with safety compliance. The researchers found that only job satisfaction was a significant predictor of safety. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: Although exploratory, this study suggests that promoting job satisfaction may improve safety compliance whilst job stress and job insecurity also relate negatively to safety compliance. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: This study shows that job satisfaction is more important than organisational commitment...

The prevalence and magnitude of job insecurity

Dachapalli,Leigh-Anne Paul; Parumasur,Sanjana Brijball
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.95%
This study investigates the prevalence and magnitude of job insecurity experienced by employees in an organisation undergoing major transformation, while taking cognisance of intercorrelations among its sub-dimensions. The research adopted a formal, hypothesis-testing approach whereby quantitative data was collected using a cross-sectional survey method from a sample of 1620 employees. The findings indicate that threats to salient job features/total job and feelings of powerlessness trigger the potential for job insecurity. This study identifies conditions that increase the potential for job insecurity. Recommendations are presented for reducing the prevalence and magnitude of job insecurity.

Employee susceptibility to experiencing job insecurity

Dachapalli,Leigh-Anne Paul; Parumasur,Sanjana Brijball
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.97%
Employees attach value to their job features/total job and when they perceive threats to these and experience feelings of powerlessness, their level of job insecurity increases. Since job insecurity is a subjective phenomenon, the study aims to assess who is more susceptible to experiencing job insecurity by assessing biographical correlates. The research adopts a formal, hypothesis-testing approach where quantitative data were collected using a cross-sectional, survey method from a sample of 1620 employees. The results, generated using the ANOVA model, indicate that biographical influences do exist in terms of job insecurity. The implication is that change managers need to take cognisance of these influences and develop suitable strategies for each group to reduce the prevalence of job insecurity. Recommendations are made in this regard.

Psychological emPowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement

Stander,Marius W.; Rothmann,Sebastiaan
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.01%
ORIENTATION: The psychological empowerment of employees might affect their engagement. However, psychological empowerment and employee engagement might also be influenced by job insecurity. RESEARCH PURPOSES: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Employee engagement results in positive individual and organisational outcomes and research information about the antecedents will provide valuable information for the purposes of diagnosis and intervention. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A correlational design was used. Survey design was conducted among 442 employees in a government and a manufacturing organisation. The measuring instruments included the Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire, the Job Insecurity Inventory, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. MAIN FINDINGS: Statistically significant relationships were found between psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement. A multivariate analysis of variance showed that affective job insecurity had a main effect on three dimensions of psychological empowerment (viz. competence, meaning and impact) and on employee engagement. Affective job insecurity moderated the effect of psychological empowerment on employee engagement. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The implication of the results is that interventions that focus on the psychological empowerment of employees (viz. meaningfulness...