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Trade-offs de custos logísticos; Logistics cost trade-offs

Amaral, Juliana Ventura
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/10/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
Ao longo das últimas décadas, a crescente pressão competitiva vem ampliando a necessidade de empenho integrado da logística para melhorar, conjuntamente, o atendimento aos consumidores e a lucratividade. O atendimento aos clientes pede o oferecimento de nível de serviço que maximize as utilidades de tempo e de lugar e a busca pela geração de lucros reconhece que a logística, ao oferecer o nível de serviço definido, deve minimizar seu custo total. O custo total logístico não responde às normais técnicas de corte de custos: os custos logísticos movem-se em diferentes direções e a redução de um custo invariavelmente conduz ao aumento de outros custos ou à diminuição do serviço oferecido ao cliente. Como consequência, os profissionais logísticos precisam identificar e explorar os trade-offs de custos logísticos para encontrar e sustentar o balanço entre os custos incorridos e o serviço oferecido. Nesse contexto, o objetivo da presente dissertação foi verificar se os profissionais logísticos: (1) têm conhecimento dos trade-offs de custos logísticos e (2) avaliam os trade-offs de custos logísticos, ao desenharem e implementarem suas soluções. Para atingir esses objetivos, este trabalho caracterizou as atividades logísticas e seus respectivos elementos de custos...

Tecnologia e inovação na logística do etanol; Technology and innovation in the logistics of ethanol

Petraglia, José
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/09/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.22%
No mercado contemporâneo, de alta competitividade, a logística tem papel fundamental na determinação das empresas e países que terão sucesso no suprimento de etanol. Os apelos ambientais, devido à emissão de gases de efeito estufa e a preocupação com a instabilidade dos preços do petróleo contribuem para o aumento da utilização do etanol como combustível em substituição ou redução do uso de derivados do petróleo. Atualmente, no Brasil, os combustíveis renováveis representam 19% da energia usada no setor de transporte. Portanto, o Brasil é o único caso bem sucedido de transição tecnológica para biocombustível em larga escala. Para atender a crescente demanda de etanol novas áreas de plantio de cana-de-açúcar e destilarias de etanol estão surgindo, principalmente, na região centro-sul do Brasil, mudando o perfil de distribuição do produto. E consequentemente, torna-se relevante a necessidade de inovação na logística do etanol. O tema teórico desta tese é a inovação em serviços logísticos e logística. Nesta pesquisa, analisa-se a contribuição das mudanças tecnológicas na inovação da logística do etanol. E quais mudanças organizacionais ocorrem em função dessas inovações tecnológicas. A metodologia de pesquisa utilizada...

Logística e uso do território brasileiro : tipologia e topologia de nós logísticos e o projeto da Plataforma Multimodal de Goiás (PLMG); Logistics and the use of Brazilian territory : tipology and topology of logistic nodes and the Multimodal Platform project of Goiás (PLMG)

Vanderlei Braga
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Propomos identificar, classificar e interpretar a distribuição geográfica dos chamados nós logísticos. Um destes nós são as plataformas logísticas multimodais e tomamos a Plataforma Logística Multimodal de Goiás (PLMG), em implantação no município de Anápolis, como estudo particular. Dessa forma, procuramos compreender: a) os nós logísticos e as plataformas logísticas multimodais como arranjos espaciais situados ao longo de redes de transportes e dedicados à racionalização dos fluxos materiais; b) o papel dos governos estaduais e municipais na formulação de projetos e na efetivação de plataformas logísticas; c) a guerra entre os lugares para atrair e redistribuir fluxos materiais. Para isso, a interpretação geográfica da logística torna-se fundamental para compreender a dinâmica dos fluxos materiais, o uso do território brasileiro e o planejamento (setorial e territorial), em suas diversas escalas. Os nós logísticos e, particularmente, as plataformas logísticas, fazem parte da base material e normativa de cada subespaço, conferindo-lhe melhores condições de competitividade para a prestação de serviços logísticos e melhores condições de competição para atrair fluxos materiais. Sua distribuição seletiva contribui para estabelecer seu papel na rede urbana de um país. Nesta perspectiva teórica...

Proposta de uma estrutura de indicadores de desempenho a ser utilizada na governança de plataformas logísticas; Proposed a framework of performance indicators to be used in the governance of logistics platforms

Rafael Mozart da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
A economia mundial tem provocado mudanças significativas durante as últimas décadas, especialmente nas áreas de comércio internacional e produção das organizações. Estas mudanças na produção global aumentam a complexidade da cadeia de suprimentos, reforçando a noção de que as estratégias e práticas da logística tornam-se elementos essenciais para as organizações. A criação e a utilização de plataformas logísticas mostram-se como alternativas frente ao dinamismo e nível de competitividade atual. A plataforma logística (PL) pode ser compreendida como um local, onde os diferentes atores da cadeia de suprimentos possam estar integrados em um mesmo local físico e com isto obter uma maior sinergia entre os diversos processos logísticos realizados podem possibilitar uma melhoria no nível de serviço logístico prestado ao cliente e representar uma vantagem competitiva para a permanência destas organizações no mercado onde atuam. As plataformas logísticas podem contribuir inclusive com os governos interessados no desenvolvimento econômico e social de uma determinada região. Um aspecto importante a ser considerado nas plataformas logísticas (PLs) está relacionado à governança, pois são diversos os atores envolvidos nestes arranjos logísticos e muitas PLs contam com a presença de um elevado número de empresas participantes...

The relationship between logistics sophistication and drivers of the outsourcing of logistics activities

Wanke,Peter; Arkader,Rebecca; Hijjar,Maria Fernanda
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.25%
A strong link has been established between operational excellence and the degree of sophistication of logistics organization, a function of factors such as performance monitoring, investment in Information Technology [IT] and the formalization of logistics organization, as proposed in the Bowersox, Daugherty, Dröge, Germain and Rogers (1992) Leading Edge model. At the same time, shippers have been increasingly outsourcing their logistics activities to third party providers. This paper, based on a survey with large Brazilian shippers, addresses a gap in the literature by investigating the relationship between dimensions of logistics organization sophistication and drivers of logistics outsourcing. To this end, the dimensions behind the logistics sophistication construct were first investigated. Results from factor analysis led to the identification of six dimensions of logistics sophistication. By means of multivariate logistical regression analyses it was possible to relate some of these dimensions, such as the formalization of the logistics organization, to certain drivers of the outsourcing of logistics activities of Brazilian shippers, such as cost savings. These results indicate the possibility of segmenting shippers according to characteristics of their logistics organization...

Improving Logistics Costs for Transportation and Trade Facilitation

Gonzalez, Julio A.; Guasch, Jose Luis; Serebrisky, Tomas
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Access to basic infrastructure services - roads, electricity, water, sanitation - and the efficient provision of the services, is a key challenge in the fight against poverty. Many of the poor (and particularly the extreme poor) in rural communities in Latin America live on average 5 kilometers or more from the nearest paved road, which is almost twice as far as non-poor rural households. There have been major improvements in access to water, sanitation, electricity, telecommunications, ports, and airports, but road coverage has not changed much, although some effort and resources have been invested to improve the quality of road networks. This paper focuses on the main determinants of logistics costs and physical access to services and, whenever possible, provides evidence of the effects of these determinants on competitiveness, growth, and poverty in Latin American economies. The analysis shows the impact of improving infrastructure and logistics costs on three fronts - macro (growth), micro (productivity at the firm level)...

Trade Dimensions of Logistics Services : A Proposal for Trade Agreements

Kunaka, Charles; Mustra, Monica Alina; Saez, Sebastian
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Services have a direct impact on the competitiveness of the goods sector. This paper illustrates the importance of logistics services, their trade dimension, and how regulatory issues act as perhaps one of the most significant barriers to competitiveness. The paper discusses recent developments and the role and benefits of logistics services and argues that from a trade agreement standpoint, logistics is a network industry that ultimately provides one service to a final client. It analyzes logistics services from a services trade perspective and proposes that trade agreements should ensure access to and use of the infrastructure required to provide these services recognizing their interconnectedness. The paper offers suggestions on additional policies World Trade Organization members, and countries negotiating services agreements regionally or bilaterally, could follow in order to fully exploit the opportunities provided by logistics services. Local regulations and complementary policies in areas such as trade facilitation will always remain important.

Trade and Logistics in East Asia : A Development Agenda

Carruthers, Robin; Bajpai, Jitendra N.; Hummels, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This report is part of a strategy to promotes trade competitiveness within the East Asia and Pacific Region. It presents an overview of the logistics issues facing East Asia countries and proposes a development agenda for them. Based on the recognition that the countries have basic differences in their level of development, extent of openness, and composition of trade, it begins by discussing the benefits of improved logistics. The East Asian countries are organized into an action matrix, with an analysis of the logistics needs appropriate to each group. The country working papers (volumes 2, 3, & 5)discuss the assessment of preset logistics services and the impediments they impose upon, and opportunities they offer for, expanded trade, including policy reform proposals. The special report on ports (volume 4) addresses port development in relation to urban growth.

Logistics, Transport and Food Prices in LAC : Policy Guidance for Improving Efficiency and Reducing Costs

Schwartz, Jordan; Guasch, Jose Luis; Wilmsmeier, Gordon; Stokenberga, Aiga
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This introductory section explains the rationale for the guidance note, reflecting on the relevance of food prices in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), their impact on the poor and the effect that logistics and transport costs have on those prices. Based upon that framework, the note provides an overview of the logistics and transport hurdles faced by importers and consumers in the region as food products move through the logistics chain. The final section of the report provides some policy guidance that could improve the efficiency of logistics systems in LAC and reduce the price of delivered foods.

Connecting to Compete 2014 : Trade Logistics in the Global Economy--The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators

Arvis, Jean-François; Saslavsky, Daniel; Ojala, Lauri; Shepherd, Ben; Busch, Christina; Raj, Anasuya
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.22%
Improving logistics performance is at the core of the economic growth and competitiveness agenda. Policymakers globally recognize the logistics sector as one of their key pillars for development. Trade powerhouses in Europe like the Netherlands or in developing countries like Vietnam or Indonesia see seamless and sustainable logistics as an engine of growth and of integration with global value chains. Indeed, inefficient logistics raises the costs of trading and reduces the potential for global integration. This is a hefty burden for developing countries trying to compete in the global marketplace. Since 2007, the Logistics Performance

Review of Logistics Service Regulations for Freight Forwarding Businesses

Watanuki, Maika
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
Regulatory frameworks on logistics regulations are often opaque, especially in developing countries, because of the complex nature of logistics services. World Bank client countries have faced difficulty finding the issues that hinder them from improving logistics competence. Therefore, it is beneficial to understand how the logistics service industry is regulated and what should be addressed in building the regulatory framework to improve logistics competence. This note proposes questions to be addressed for beneficial regulations by reviewing existing logistics service regulations in 14 countries, particularly regulations for the freight forwarding industry. These questions will help in assessing a regulatory framework and identifying regulatory weaknesses. This note suggests that the regulatory framework should take into consideration national recognition of freight forwarding business, an institutional arrangement with clear division of responsibility among stakeholders, and streamlined but flexible regulations adapted to the country context.

Logistics and Maintenance Options to Support the P-8A Poseidon's Expeditionary Mission

Bernard Calamug; James Trout
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
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47.02%
Sponsored Report (for Acquisition Research Program); The purpose of this research is to identify the maintenance and logistics support structure needed to support the P-8A''s Anti-submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti-surface Warfare (ASUW), and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions, while operating away from Permanent Deployment Sites (PDS) in austere operating areas, and to provide a set of possible support recommendations for these missions. This study will focus on the existing maintenance and logistics support structures currently being utilized for missions being performed by the P-3 Orion, and to propose organizational and operational recommendations to better support the agile, flexible, and responsive missions requirement of the P-8A. The result will provide feasible alternatives for decision-makers regarding organizational design as well as logistics and maintenance requirements to support overseas deployments to remote, forward operating locations (FOL).; Acquisition Research Program

Conquering the Iron Mountain: Reducing the Marine Expeditionary Unit's Logistics Footprint Within the Amphibious Readiness Group

Christopher Daniels; Michael Manning
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
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46.95%
Sponsored Report (for Acquisition Research Program); The Marine Corps''Navy team employs a concept of forward power projection under the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU). The MEU is built around a reinforced infantry battalion and an attached aviation element. The logistical unit of the MEU is the Combat Logistic Battalion (CLB). The CLB is tasked with embarking with 15 days of supply (DOS) to support the entire MEU should it be tasked into an austere environment for actions across a range of military operations (ROMO). Over the course of this sustainment concept, the Marine Corps has developed logistics habits, often dubbed the Iron Mountain, that have led to each CLB on each MEU embarking with as much materiel as possible in order to meet the deployed maintenance needs. This process has led to great waste and an unnecessarily large materiel footprint, both aboard U.S. Navy ships and on the ground. This project sought to create a method that can be used to create the sustainment block more efficiently and in far less time using historical usage data and better information about resupply lead times, criticality, and demand. These data were analyzed using a multi-attribute decision-making tool to weigh all factors. This analysis verified that it is possible to craft a better source of sustainment.; Acquisition Research Program

Connecting to Compete 2012 : Trade Logistics in the Global Economy

Arvis, Jean-François; Mustra, Monica Alina; Ojala, Lauri; Shepherd, Ben; Saslavsky, Daniel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Knowledge Economy Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.29%
This is the third edition of connecting to compete: trade logistics in the global economy. At its heart is the Logistics Performance Index (LPI), which the World Bank has produced every two years since 2007. The LPI measures on-the-ground trade logistics performance this year, in 155 countries helping national leaders, key policymakers, and private sector traders understand the challenges they and their trading partners face in reducing logistical barriers to international commerce. Logistics, organizing the movement of goods over time and space, has evolved from its 19th century military roots to today's international supply chains. As the backbone of international trade, logistics encompasses freight transportation, warehousing, border clearance, payment systems, and many other functions. These functions are performed mostly by private service providers for private traders and owners of goods, but logistics is also important for the public policies of national governments and regional and international organizations. The LPI provides a simple...

The Cost of Being Landlocked : Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability

Arvis, Jean-François; Raballand, Gaël; Marteau, Jean-François
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
In the last two decades new emphasis has been given to the economic impact of geography, especially on the cost of being landlocked. From a development perspective, understanding the cost of being landlocked and its economic impact is critical, since one country of four in the world is landlocked (almost one out of three in Sub-Saharan Africa). Attempts to address the cost of being landlocked have mainly focused on regional and multilateral conventions aiming at ensuring freedom of transit, and on the development of regional transport infrastructure. The success of these measures has been limited, and many massive investments in infrastructure seem to have had a disappointing impact on landlocked economies. Although there may still be an infrastructure gap, this book, based on extensive data collection in several regions of the world, argues that logistics and trade services efficiency can be more important for landlocked countries than investing massively in infrastructure. Logistics have become increasingly complex and critical for firms' competitiveness...

Global Logistics Indicators, Supply Chain Metrics, and Bilateral Trade Patterns

Hausman, Warren H.; Lee, Hau L.; Subramanian, Uma
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Past research into the determinants of international trade highlighted the importance of the basic spatial gravity model augmented by additional variables representing sources of friction. Studies modeled many sources of friction using various proxies, including indices based on expert judgment in some cases. This paper focuses on logistics friction and draws on a data set recently compiled by the World Bank with specific quantitative metrics of logistics performance in terms of time, cost, and variability in time. It finds that the new variables that relate directly to logistics performance have a statistically significant relationship with the level of bilateral trade. It also finds that a single logistics index can capture virtually all of the explanatory power of multiple logistics indicators. The findings should spur public and private agencies that have direct or indirect power over logistics performance to focus attention on reducing sources of friction so as to improve their country's ability to compete in today's global economy. Moreover, since the logistics metrics are directly related to operational performance, countries can use these metrics to target actions to improve logistics and monitor their progress.

Developments and Needs for Sustainable Agro-Logistics in Developing Countries

van der Vorst, Jack G.A.J.; Snels, Joost
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
The Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Sustainable Logistics (MDTF-SL) aims at promoting innovative assistance projects that can break new grounds, test new ideas, and generate new knowledge for sustainable logistics that can be replicated in other countries and project. In November 2013 we were asked to write a position paper that analyses the state of affairs in Agro-Logistics. It aims to: (1) review and suggest a conceptual grounding for the MDTF-SL's activities; (2) outline the specific challenges developing countries face on Agro-Logistics; and (3) review existing attempts or interventions to meet the identified challenges. This position note starts with a definition for agro-logistics to have a mutual understanding of the concept. Section two presents emerging global trends and developments, which are then, translated to key logistics objectives in section three. Next, in section four, five international cases are presented that illustrate the needs and key bottlenecks in agro-logistics for developing countries. Section five presents an overview of potential interventions to improve logistics performances...

Uruguay - Trade and Logistics : An Opportunity - Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Foreign Trade, FDI, and Capital Flows Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.26%
Globalization has brought about a rapid expansion of international trade and a dramatic change in trade structure. The liberalization of trade in goods and services, containerization, new integrated transport networks, advances in information communication technology and modern business logistics have created unprecedented business opportunities for the trade and transport industries, as firms increasingly rely on global supply chains for production and distribution. In response to the government's request, this study assesses Uruguay's potential as a logistics hub and as a regional distribution center. The competitiveness of Uruguay's logistics system is assessed from an international perspective and policy recommendations towards further efficiency gains are provided. The study focuses on policies related to enhancing domestic and regional trade facilitation and assesses the wider economic impact of such reforms on logistics costs and trade.

Agro-Logistics for Nutmeg and Cocoa Exports from Grenada : A Logistics Chain Approach

Fries, Gwyneth; Weiss, Eli; White, Kendra
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
This study is designed to build a link between the study and improvement of agriculture and that of logistics for agricultural exports, and complements the Grenada Small Farmer Vulnerability Reduction project. The objective of logistics chain analysis (LCA) is to understand product movement for two of Grenada's primary agricultural exports and identify opportunities to enhance competitiveness for these and other products by improving logistics. Logistics refers to the infrastructure, machinery, related services, and information systems that allow products to move from the original point of production to the final point of consumption. The analysis identifies where logistics inefficiencies, from the farm gate to the port of exit, increase logistics expenses, travel times, and uncertainty. A strategic plan to increase agricultural exports must involve coordinated public and private investments in the infrastructure, equipment and services necessary for exporters to load and unload products at their own warehouses. Further diagnostic work will be needed to identify the proper technical projects and investments...

A comparative study of the resilience of coal logistics chains in Australia, South Africa and Canada

Benyahia, Sefiane
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Au cours des dernières années l'industrie du charbon a connu un essor important. L'importance du charbon dans l'économie mondiale provient d'une demande mondiale soutenue et de niveaux de production en hausse constante. De ce fait, le nombre élevé d'importateurs et d'exportateurs est à l'origine d'un système d'échange complexe où la compétition est féroce. En effet, un nombre grandissant de pays importateurs se partagent les sources d'approvisionnement tandis qu'un nombre limité de pays exportateurs s'efforcent de répondre à la demande tout en essayant de s'accaparer le plus de parts du marché mondial. L'objectif de cette recherche s'inscrit dans ce contexte en démontrant les bénéfices associés aux chaînes logistiques résilientes pour tout acteur de l'industrie soucieux de devancer la compétition. Une analyse de la logistique de l'industrie du charbon permet entre autres de se pencher sur les questions suivantes: Comment les infrastructures influencent-elles la résilience d'une chaîne logistique? Quels risques est-ce que les catastrophes naturelles présentent pour une chaîne logistique? Comment la gouvernance influence-t-elle la résilience d'une chaîne logistique? Une chaîne logistique représente le trajet effectué par un bien ou produit au cours de son cycle de vie...