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Relevância clínica da concentração do ácido hialurônico no escarro e em espécimes tumorais de pacientes portadores de carcinomas de pulmão; Clinical relevance of the hyaluronan levels in the sputum and tumoral tissues of lung cancer patients

Rangel, Maristela Peres
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/08/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Introdução. O ácido hialurônico é um glicosaminoglicano não sulfatado presente na matriz extracelular. Vários estudos têm demonstrado que uma produção ou degradação aberrante dessa molécula tem influência no comportamento do câncer de mama, próstata, bexiga e pulmão. Desta forma, a dosagem do ácido hialurônico em tecidos e fluidos corporais como sangue, urina e escarro tem despertado grande interesse como rastreador de indivíduos de alto risco e marcador diagnóstico e/ou prognóstico da doença estabelecida. Objetivos. Verificar se há diferenças nos níveis de ácido hialurônico entre espécimes tumorais e não tumorais de câncer de pulmão, bem como seu impacto na sobrevida dos pacientes; verificar se diferenças encontradas nos tecidos estão também presentes no escarro; verificar se a dosagem do ácido hialurônico no escarro permite rastrear pacientes com câncer de pulmão entre pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica e voluntários saudáveis. Resultados. Houve uma elevação significativa nos níveis de ácido hialurônico nos espécimes tumorais em relação aos espécimes não tumorais, mesmo quando histologicamente categorizados. Não houve associação entre as concentrações do ácido hialurônico com características clínicas dos pacientes...

Investigação das quinases Aurora A e Aurora B como potenciais alvos terapêuticos no câncer de pulmão induzido pelo oncogene KRAS; Investigation of Aurora A and Aurora B kinases as potential targets in KRAS-induced lung cancer

Santos, Edmilson Ozorio dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/11/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
As alterações genéticas mais frequentes em tumores de pulmão são mutações pontuais que ativam o oncogene KRAS. Apesar destas mutações estarem ligadas à oncogênese de forma causal, diferentes abordagens para inibir as proteínas RAS diretamente fracassaram na clínica. Portanto, para que melhores alvos terapêuticos para o câncer de pulmão se tornem disponíveis, será necessário identificar as vias sinalizadoras ativadas pela proteína KRAS, que são críticas para a oncogênese. O objetivo deste projeto foi identificar novos alvos terapêuticos na oncogênese pulmonar induzida pela KRAS. Este projeto se baseou na seguinte hipótese: (1) a KRAS oncogênica leva à ativação das quinases mitóticas Aurora A e/ou B e (2) que as quinases Aurora A e/ou B são alvos terapêuticos relevantes no câncer de pulmão induzido pelo oncogene KRAS. Esta hipótese foi formulada com base em estudos anteriores mostrando que a quinase Aurora A fosforila diretamente componentes das vias efetoras de RAS, e que a Aurora A e Aurora B cooperam com a RAS oncogênica na transformação maligna. Para testar esta hipótese, nós inicialmente determinamos se a forma oncogênica da KRAS induz a expressão das quinases Aurora A e B. Para tanto, nós usamos 3 modelos celulares: (1) uma linhagem primária epitelial pulmonar imortalizada e seu par isogênico transformado pela KRAS oncogênica; (2) células tumorais pulmonares H1703 manipuladas geneticamente para expressar a forma oncogênica da KRAS de forma induzível; e (3) células de adenocarcinoma pulmonar portadoras de mutações oncogênicas em KRAS H358 e A549 manipuladas geneticamente para expressar short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) para KRAS de forma induzível. Em todos os casos...

Metabolic signature of lung cancer: a metabolomic study of human tissues and biofluids; Assinatura metabólica do cancro do pulmão: estudo metabolómico de tecidos e biofluidos humanos

Rocha, Cláudia Manuela Mesquita da
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
This thesis reports the application of metabolomics to human tissues and biofluids (blood plasma and urine) to unveil the metabolic signature of primary lung cancer. In Chapter 1, a brief introduction on lung cancer epidemiology and pathogenesis, together with a review of the main metabolic dysregulations known to be associated with cancer, is presented. The metabolomics approach is also described, addressing the analytical and statistical methods employed, as well as the current state of the art on its application to clinical lung cancer studies. Chapter 2 provides the experimental details of this work, in regard to the subjects enrolled, sample collection and analysis, and data processing. In Chapter 3, the metabolic characterization of intact lung tissues (from 56 patients) by proton High Resolution Magic Angle Spinning (HRMAS) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is described. After careful assessment of acquisition conditions and thorough spectral assignment (over 50 metabolites identified), the metabolic profiles of tumour and adjacent control tissues were compared through multivariate analysis. The two tissue classes could be discriminated with 97% accuracy, with 13 metabolites significantly accounting for this discrimination: glucose and acetate (depleted in tumours)...

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Screening, Diagnosis, and Staging

Ferreira, J.; Magalhães, M.; Rocha, E.; Marques, F.
Fonte: ANNALS OF RESPIRATORY MEDICINE Publicador: ANNALS OF RESPIRATORY MEDICINE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/04/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Tobacco consumption is the primary cause of lung cancer, accounting for more than 85% 90% of all lung cancer deaths. Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for about 85% of all lung cancers. Several studies have shown that low-dose helical CT of the lung detects more nodules and lung cancers, including early-stage cancers, than does chest radiography. The National Lung Cancer Screening Trial results show that three annual rounds of low-dose CT screening reduce mortality from lung cancer. Despite the great debate around lung cancer screening, recently the National Comprehensive Cancer Network has come out in favor of lung cancer screening in an updated set of guidelines. All patients who present with suspect lung cancer should have a complete and meticulous history and physical examination performed to identify symptoms or physical findings suggestive of locally extensive or metastatic disease, assess pulmonary health status, identify significant comorbidities, and assess overall health status. Tissue sampling is required to confirm a diagnosis in all patients with suspected lung cancer. Non-surgical approaches, surgical approaches, or both may be used to obtain a tissue sample. Evaluation of the mediastinal lymph nodes is a key step in the further staging of the patient. The best way of evaluating mediastinal lymph nodes is still a matter of debate. The tumor node metastasis (TNM) International Staging System provides useful prognostic information and is used to stage all patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Recent trials added new data on screening and diagnostic approach. Those data will be reviewed in this paper.

Identification of candidate genes for lung cancer somatic mutation test kits

Chen,Yong; Shi,Jian-Xin; Pan,Xu-Feng; Feng,Jian; Zhao,Heng
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Over the past three decades, mortality from lung cancer has sharply and continuously increased in China, ascending to the first cause of death among all types of cancer. The ability to identify the actual sequence of gene mutations may help doctors determine which mutations lead to precancerous lesions and which produce invasive carcinomas, especially using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. In this study, we analyzed the latest lung cancer data in the COSMIC database, in order to find genomic "hotspots" that are frequently mutated in human lung cancer genomes. The results revealed that the most frequently mutated lung cancer genes are EGFR, KRAS and TP53.In recent years, EGFR and KRAS lung cancer test kits have been utilized for detecting lung cancer patients, but they presented many disadvantages, as they proved to be of low sensitivity, labor-intensive and time-consuming. In this study, we constructed a more complete catalogue of lung cancer mutation events including 145 mutated genes. With the genes of this list it may be feasible to develop a NGS kit for lung cancer mutation detection.

Familial cancer aggregation and the risk of lung cancer

Wünsch-Filho,Victor; Boffetta,Paolo; Colin,Didier; Moncau,José Eduardo
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
CONTEXT: Around 90% of lung cancer worldwide is attributable to cigarette smoking, although less than 20% of cigarette smokers develop lung cancer. Other factors such as diet, chronic lung diseases, occupation and possibly environmental agents also contribute to this cancer. Genetic factors seem to play a role in lung cancer, but the precise characteristics influencing lung cancer susceptibility are not known, since genetic factors are easily obscured by the strong environmental determinants of lung cancer, particularly smoking. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect that cancer occurrence among first-degree relatives has on the risk of lung cancer. DESIGN: Hospital-based case-control study. SETTING: The metropolitan region of São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 334 incident lung cancer cases and 578 controls matched by hospitals. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: By means of a structured questionnaire, cases and controls were interviewed about cancer occurrence in first-degree relatives, tobacco smoking, exposure to passive smoking, occupation, migration and socioeconomic status. Non-conditional logistic regression was used to calculate the risk of familial cancer aggregation, the effect of cancer in first-degree relatives and smoking in conjunction, and for controlling confounders. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratio (OR) revealed a slight...

Population screening for lung cancer using computed tomography, is there evidence of clinical effectiveness? A systematic review of the literature

Black, Corri; de Verteuil, Robyn; Walker, Shonagh; Ayres, Jon; Boland, Angela; Bagust, Adrian; Waugh, Norman
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Lung cancer is the leading cause of death among all cancer types in the UK, killing approximately 34 000 people per year. By the time symptoms develop, the tumour is often at an advanced stage and the prognosis is bleak. Treatment at a less advanced stage of disease by surgical resection has been shown to substantially reduce mortality. Screening would be attractive if it could detect presymptomatic lung cancer at a stage when surgical intervention is feasible but has been the subject of scientific debate for the past three decades. The aim of this review was to examine the current evidence on the clinical effectiveness of screening for lung cancer using computed tomography. A systematic literature review searching 15 electronic databases and Internet resources from 1994 until December 2004/January 2005 was carried out. Information was summarised narratively. A total of 12 studies of computed tomography screening for lung cancer were identified including two RCTs and 10 studies of screening without comparator groups. The two RCTs were of short duration (1 year). None examined the effect of screening on mortality compared with no screening. The proportion of people with abnormal computed tomography findings varied widely between studies (5–51%). The prevalence of lung cancer detected was between 0.4% and 3.2% (number needed to screen to detect one lung cancer  = 31 to 249). Incidence rates of lung cancer were lower (0.1–1%). Among the detected tumours...

Mining the Epigenome for Methylated Genes in Lung Cancer

Tessema, Mathewos; Belinsky, Steven A.
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/12/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
Lung cancer has become a global public health burden, further substantiating the need for early diagnosis and more effective targeted therapies. The key to accomplishing both these goals is a better understanding of the genes and pathways disrupted during the initiation and progression of this disease. Gene promoter hypermethylation is an epigenetic modification of DNA at promoter CpG islands that together with changes in histone structure culminates in loss of transcription. The fact that gene promoter hypermethylation is a major mechanism for silencing genes in lung cancer has stimulated the development of screening approaches to identify additional genes and pathways that are disrupted within the epigenome. Some of these approaches include restriction landmark scanning, methylation CpG island amplification coupled with representational difference analysis, and transcriptome-wide screening. Genes identified by these approaches, their function, and prevalence in lung cancer are described. Recently, we used global screening approaches to interrogate 43 genes in and around the candidate lung cancer susceptibility locus, 6q23–25. Five genes, TCF21, SYNE1, AKAP12, IL20RA, and ACAT2, were methylated at 14 to 81% prevalence, but methylation was not associated with age at diagnosis or stage of lung cancer. These candidate tumor suppressor genes likely play key roles in contributing to sporadic lung cancer. The realization that methylation is a dominant mechanism in lung cancer etiology and its reversibility by pharmacologic agents has led to the initiation of translational studies to develop biomarkers in sputum for early detection and the testing of demethylating and histone deacetylation inhibitors for treatment of lung cancer.

Chemoprevention of Lung Cancer

Keith, Robert L.
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/04/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States, and the majority of diagnoses are made in former smokers. While avoidance of tobacco abuse and smoking cessation clearly will have the greatest impact on lung cancer development, effective chemoprevention could prove to be more effective than treatment of established disease. Chemoprevention is the use of dietary or pharmaceutical agents to reverse or inhibit the carcinogenic process and has been successfully applied to common malignancies other than lung. Despite previous studies in lung cancer chemoprevention failing to identify effective agents, our ability to determine higher risk populations and the understanding of lung tumor and pre-malignant biology continues to advance. Additional biomarkers of risk continue to be investigated and validated. The World Health Organization/International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer classification for lung cancer now recognizes distinct histologic lesions that can be reproducibly graded as precursors of non–small cell lung cancer. For example, carcinogenesis in the bronchial epithelium starts with normal epithelium and progresses through hyperplasia, metaplasia, dysplasia, and carcinoma in situ to invasive squamous cell cancer. Similar precursor lesions exist for adenocarcinoma...

Molecular epidemiology of lung cancer and geographic variations with special reference to EGFR mutations

Mitsudomi, Tetsuya
Fonte: Pioneer Bioscience Publishing Company Publicador: Pioneer Bioscience Publishing Company
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in many countries. Although recent advances in targeted therapy against driver oncogenes have significantly improved patient outcome, cure of this disease is still exceptional. Although tobacco is a known cause of lung cancer, not all smokers develop lung cancer, and conversely many patients, especially Asian female patients with lung cancer, are lifetime never-smokers. Therefore, efforts to understand the basis for different susceptibilities to lung cancer among individuals with different genetic, biologic, ethnic, and social backgrounds are important to help develop effective preventive measures. Lung cancer in never-smokers has many different characteristics to lung cancer in smokers, such as adenocarcinoma predominance and high frequency of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation yet low number of genetic changes. Epidemiologic studies suggest that East Asians are more susceptible to smoking-unrelated lung cancer but less susceptible to smoking-related lung cancer compared with Caucasians. Mutations in the EGFR gene are more common in Asian females and never-smokers. Our case-control study suggests that EGFR mutation occurs independent of smoking, and that the apparent low frequency of EGFR mutations in smokers may be the result of dilution by smoking-related lung cancer. The frequencies of three EGFR gene polymorphisms associated with increased protein expression are significantly different between East Asians and Caucasians...

East meets West: ethnic differences in epidemiology and clinical behaviors of lung cancer between East Asians and Caucasians

Zhou, Wei; Christiani, David C.
Fonte: Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center Publicador: Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.08%
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, with large variation of the incidence and mortality across regions. Although the mortality of lung cancer has been decreasing, or steady in the US, it has been increasing in Asia for the past two decades. Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, and other risk factors such as indoor coal burning, cooking fumes, and infections may play important roles in the development of lung cancer among Asian never smoking women. The median age of diagnosis in Asian patients with lung cancer is generally younger than Caucasian patients, particularly among never-smokers. Asians and Caucasians may have different genetic susceptibilities to lung cancer, as evidenced from candidate polymorphisms and genome-wide association studies. Recent epidemiologic studies and clinical trials have shown consistently that Asian ethnicity is a favorable prognostic factor for overall survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), independent of smoking status. Compared with Caucasian patients with NSCLC, East Asian patients have a much higher prevalence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation (approximately 30% vs. 7%, predominantly among patients with adenocarcinoma and never-smokers), a lower prevalence of K-Ras mutation (less than 10% vs. 18%...

Epidemiologic studies of particulate matter and lung cancer

Li, Yin-Ge; Gao, Xiang
Fonte: Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center Publicador: Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.04%
Particulate matter (PM) plays an important role in air pollution, especially in China. European and American researchers conducted several cohort-based studies to examine the potential relationship between PM and lung cancer and found a positive association between PM and lung cancer mortality. In contrast, the results regarding PM and lung cancer risk remain inconsistent. Most of the previous studies had limitations such as misclassification of PM exposure and residual confounders, diminishing the impact of their findings. In addition, prospective studies on this topic are very limited in Chinese populations. This is an important problem because China has one of the highest concentrations of PM in the world and has had an increased mortality risk due to lung cancer. In this context, more prospective studies in Chinese populations are warranted to investigate the relationship between PM and lung cancer.

Consumption of black tea and coffee and the risk of lung cancer

Pasquet, Romain
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Objectif: Étudier l’association entre la consommation de café, la consommation de thé noir et le risque de cancer du poumon. Méthodologie: Cette recherche utilise les données obtenues lors d’une étude cas-témoin effectuée à Montréal avec des résidents canadiens âgés entre 35 et 75 ans recrutés entre 1996 et 2001. Les cas étaient des individus atteints du cancer et diagnostiqués entre 1996 et 1997 dans l’un des 18 hôpitaux de la région du Grand-Montréal. Les contrôles on été sélectionnés à partir de la liste électorale et appariés selon la fréquence de distribution des cas par groupe d’âge de 5 ans, par sexe et par district électoral. Au total, 1130 cas et 1484 contrôles ont été inclus dans cette étude. Les rapports de cote (RC) et les intervalles de confiance de 95% (CI) des associations entre la consommation de thé noir, de café et le cancer du poumon ont été estimés à l’aide de la régression logistique non conditionnelle. Quatre aspects de la consommation ont été analysés dans des modèles multivariés distincts: la fréquence de consommation, la consommation journalière moyenne, la durée de consommation et la consommation cumulative. Les covariables potentielles considérées incluaient : l’âge...

STUDYING ABERRANT METHYLATION AND miRNA PROFILING FOR THE DETECTION OF LUNG CANCER BIOMARKERS

ZAMAKHSHARI, HADEEL
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
Lung cancer is a major chronic disease responsible for the highest mortality rate, among other types of cancer, and represents 29% of all deaths in Canada. The clinical diagnosis of lung carcinoma still requires a standard diagnostic approach, as there are no symptoms in its early stage. Therefore, it is usually diagnosed at a later stage, when the survival rate is low. With the recent advancement in molecular biology and biotechnology, a molecular biomarker approach for the diagnosis of early lung cancer seems to be a potential option. In this study, we aimed to investigate and standardize a promising Lung ,Cancer Biomarker by studying the aberrant methylation of two tumour suppressor genes, namely RASSFIA and RAR-B, and the miRNA profiling of four . commonly deregulated miRNA (miR-199a-3p, miR-182, miR-lOO and miR-221). Four lung cancer cell lines were used (two SCLC and two NSCLC), with comparisons being made with normal lung cell lines. Our results, we found that none of these genes were methylated. We then evaluated TP53, and found the promoter of this gene to be methylated in the cancer cell lines, as compared to the normal cell lines, indicating gene inactivation. We carried out miRNA profiling of the cancer cell lines and reported that 80 miRNAs are deregulated in lung cancer cell lines as compared to the normal cell lines. Our study was the first of its kind to indicate that hsa-mir-4301...

Associations Between Personal Cancer History and Lung Cancer Risk

Everett, Karl
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
The study aim was to investigate the relationship between factors related to personal cancer history and lung cancer risk as well as assess their predictive utility. Characteristics of interest included the number, anatomical site(s), and age of onset of previous cancer(s). Data from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Screening (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial (N = 154,901) and National Lung Screening Trial (N = 53,452) were analysed. Logistic regression models were used to assess the relationships between each variable of interest and 6-year lung cancer risk. Predictive utility was assessed through changes in area-under-the-curve (AUC) after substitution into the PLCOall2014 lung cancer risk prediction model. Previous lung, uterine and oral cancers were strongly and significantly associated with elevated 6-year lung cancer risk after controlling for confounders. None of these refined measures of personal cancer history offered more predictive utility than the simple (yes/no) measure already included in the PLCOall2014 model.

Lung cancer is associated with decreased expression of perforin, granzyme B and interferon (IFN)-γ by infiltrating lung tissue T cells, natural killer (NK) T-like and NK cells; Lung cancer is associated with decreased expression of perforin, granzyme B and interferon (IFN)-gamma by infiltrating lung tissue T cells, natural killer (NK) T-like and NK cells

Hodge, G.; Barnawi, J.; Jurisevic, C.; Moffat, D.; Holmes, M.; Reynolds, P.N.; Jersmann, H.; Hodge, S.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
There is a limited understanding how of lung cancer cells evade cytotoxic attack. Previously, we have shown reduced production of the cytotoxic mediator granzyme B by CD8(+) T cells in lung cancer tissue. We hypothesized that lung cancer would be further associated with decreased production of granzyme B, perforin and proinflammatory cytokines by other cytotoxic lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) T-like and NK cells, and that this would result from soluble mediators released by the cancer cells. Lung cancer and non-cancer tissue from five patients was identified by experienced pathologists. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, granzyme B and perforin were measured in CD4 and CD8(+) T, NK T-like cells and NK cells by flow cytometry. Correlation between cancer stage and granzyme B was analysed retrospectively for 21 patients. The effects of soluble factors released by lung cancer cells on production of cytotoxic mediators and cytokines was assessed, and the role of prostaglandin E2 (PGE)2 /COX investigated using indomethacin inhibition. There were significantly decreased percentages of T, NK T-like and NK cells expressing perforin, TNF-α and IFN-γ in cancer versus non-cancer tissue, and of CD8(+) T cells and CD8(+) NK T-like cells expressing granzyme B (e.g. NK T-like cells: non-cancer 30% ± 7 versus cancer 6% ± 2·5). Cancer cells released soluble factors that inhibited granzyme B...

Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde e fadiga de pessoas com câncer de pulmão em cuidados paliativos; Quality of life related to realth and fatigue of people with lung cancer in palliative care

Cardoso, Renata Carvalho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/07/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
O câncer de pulmão é uma doença maligna que acomete principalmente a população de adultos e idosos na faixa etária dos 40 aos 80 anos. Sua principal causa continua sendo o tabagismo, e sua sobrevida varia com o estadiamento da doença no momento do diagnóstico e sua alta taxa de mortalidade está associada ao diagnóstico tardio da doença, o que limita as opções de tratamento curativo. A Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde (QVRS) de sujeitos com câncer de pulmão é influenciada por múltiplos fatores, incluindo sintomas, capacidade funcional, estratégias de enfrentamento e rede social de suporte, dentre outros. Entretanto, ainda falta esclarecer o impacto da fadiga na QVRS de pessoas com câncer de pulmão avançado. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a QVRS e a fadiga de sujeitos com diagnóstico de câncer de pulmão em cuidados paliativos e identificar a relação entre a presença de fadiga e percepção da QVRS desta população. Trata-se de um estudo transversal e com abordagem quantitativa, correlacional, com uma casuística composta por 120 sujeitos, sendo 60 com câncer de pulmão em cuidados paliativos (grupo de estudo) e 60 sem diagnóstico oncológico (grupo controle). Durante a coleta de dados foram aplicadas as escalas: Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS)...

Differential expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α in non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer

Karetsi,Eleni; Ioannou,Maria G.; Kerenidi,Theodora; Minas,Markos; Molyvdas,Paschalis A.; Gourgoulianis,Konstantinos I.; Paraskeva,Efrosyni
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor in small cell lung cancer and subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer and examine their relationships with clinicopathologic factors, response to treatment and survival. METHODS: We examined samples obtained by bronchial endoscopic biopsy from 55 patients with inoperable lung cancer (16 with adenocarcinoma, 17 with squamous cell carcinoma, and 22 with small cell lung cancer). Hypoxiainducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor were detected using immunohistochemistry. The diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients were conducted according to the standard practice. RESULTS: A significant difference (p=0.022) in hypoxia-inducible factor 1α expression was observed between nonsmall cell lung cancer (75.8% positive) and small cell lung cancer (45.5% positive). The frequency of hypoxiainducible factor 1α nuclear expression was 88.2% in squamous cell carcinoma, 62.5% in adenocarcinoma, and 45.5% in small cell lung cancer. A significant correlation was observed between hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor expression (Fisher's exact test...

Differential expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α in non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer

Karetsi, Eleni; Ioannou, Maria G.; Kerenidi, Theodora; Minas, Markos; Molyvdas, Paschalis A.; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos I.; Paraskeva, Efrosyni
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor in small cell lung cancer and subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer and examine their relationships with clinicopathologic factors, response to treatment and survival. METHODS: We examined samples obtained by bronchial endoscopic biopsy from 55 patients with inoperable lung cancer (16 with adenocarcinoma, 17 with squamous cell carcinoma, and 22 with small cell lung cancer). Hypoxiainducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor were detected using immunohistochemistry. The diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients were conducted according to the standard practice. RESULTS: A significant difference (p=0.022) in hypoxia-inducible factor 1α expression was observed between nonsmall cell lung cancer (75.8% positive) and small cell lung cancer (45.5% positive). The frequency of hypoxiainducible factor 1α nuclear expression was 88.2% in squamous cell carcinoma, 62.5% in adenocarcinoma, and 45.5% in small cell lung cancer. A significant correlation was observed between hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor expression (Fisher's exact test...

Multistage carcinogenesis and lung cancer mortality in three cohorts

Hazelton, William D; Clements, Mark; Moolgavkar, Suresh
Fonte: American Association for Cancer Research Publicador: American Association for Cancer Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.08%
Experimental evidence indicates that tobacco smoke acts both as an initiator and a promoter in lung carcinogenesis. We used the two-stage clonal expansion model incorporating the ideas of initiation, promotion, and malignant conversion to analyze lung cancer mortality in three large cohorts, the British Doctors' cohort and the two American Cancer Society cohorts, to determine how smoking habits influence age-specific lung cancer rates via these mechanisms. Likelihood ratio tests indicate that smoking-related promotion is the dominant model mechanism associated with lung cancer mortality in all cohorts. Smoking-related initiation is less important than promotion but interacts synergistically with it. Although no information on ex-smokers is available in these data, the model with estimated variables can be used to project risks among ex-smokers. These projected risks are in good agreement with the risk among ex-smokers derived from other studies. We present 10-year projected risks for current and former smokers adjusted for competing causes of mortality. The importance of smoking duration on lung cancer risk in these cohorts is a direct consequence of promotion. Intervention and treatment strategies should focus on promotion as the primary etiologic mechanism in lung carcinogenesis.