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Essential Oil of Thymus vulgaris: Preparation of Pharmaceutical Mouthwash Formulation and In Vitro Evaluation of the Bacterial Plaque-Inhibiting Properties.

SANTOS, Rodolfo I.; PEREIRA, Daniel F. A.; TEODORO, Guilherme R.; CIAMPO, Jose Orestes Del; OGASAWARA, Mario S.; CANETTIERI, Antonio C. V.; KHOURI, Sonia; SALVADOR, Marcos J.
Fonte: COLEGIO FARMACEUTICOS PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES Publicador: COLEGIO FARMACEUTICOS PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.69%
Essential Oil of Thymus vulgaris: Preparation of Pharmaceutical Mouthwash Formulation and In Vitro Evaluation of the Bacterial Plaque-Inhibiting Properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of the essential oil of Thymus vulgaris (thyme) pure or incorporate in a alcohol-free pharmaceutical mouthwash formulation, against Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175), being determined the Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and the effect in the bacterial plate formation. The MIC value obtained for the essential oil was 100 mu g/mL (1 %). The mouthwash pharmaceutical formulation containing commercial essential oil of T. vulgaris was preparated. Microbiological and macroscopic analysis as well as analyses for MEV confirmed the effectiveness of this new alcohol-free mouthwash formulation containing essential oil of T. vulgaris as agent with plaque-inhibiting properties and possible application in the preventive dentistry. The chemical characterization of the bioactive essential oil was accomplished by CG-MS, being verified the presence of carvacrol, p-cimene and alpha-pinene as major constituents.

Enxaguatório bucal de chamomilla recutita (camomila): preparo e aplicação na mucosite bucal; Mouthwash with Chamomilla recutita (chamomile): preparation and use in oral mucositis

Braga, Fernanda Titareli Merizio Martins
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/07/2011 Português
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A mucosite bucal (MB) é uma complicação inflamatória frequente manifestada pelos pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas (TCTH), em decorrência do agressivo regime terapêutico empregado. Entretanto, sua prevenção e tratamento ainda são controversos na literatura. A Chamomilla recutita tem sido utilizada com propósitos terapêuticos há séculos, e alguns centros de TCTH a empregam tanto para a prevenção como para o tratamento da MB. Contudo, não se identificaram estudos que investigassem sua ação nessa clientela. Assim, o presente estudo tem por finalidade comparar a incidência, intensidade e os dias de mucosite bucal de pacientes adultos submetidos ao TCTH segundo as doses (0,5; 1 ou 2%) de Chamomilla recutita em enxaguatório bucal. Para tanto, este estudo foi conduzido em quatro etapas. Primeiramente, realizou-se revisão integrativa da literatura, com o intuito de identificar as evidências científicas disponíveis, em relação ao uso da Chamomilla recutita para redução da ocorrência e intensidade de processos inflamatórios. Evidenciou-se que a Chamomilla recutita possui provável ação antiinflamatória tópica, para diversas alterações inflamatórias. Considerando os resultados desta revisão e os obtidos nos estudos in vitro e em animais...

Estudo do óleo essencial de Casearia sylvestris e da formulação de enxaguatório bucal. Caracterização química, citotoxidade, potencial antimicrobiano e efeito nas propriedades dos materiais odontológicos estéticos; Study of CS essential oil and Formulation of mouthwash. Chemical characterization, cytotoxicity, and antimicrobial potentia, effect on the properties of Dental Materials aesthetic.

Godoi, Ana Paula Terossi de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/07/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.61%
Alguns estudos têm sido realizados sobre a associação de materiais restauradores odontológicos e soluções antissépticas, pois, em especial a clorexidina (CHX), além dos benefícios apresenta efeitos colaterais. Assim tornam-se necessários estudos de soluções alternativas tão eficazes quanto à CHX, porém sem os efeitos colaterais destas. Neste anseio, foi que se pesquisou Casearia sylvestris (CS) que é uma planta medicinal que oferece benefícios, mas, no entanto, pouco se sabe sobre o efeito desta sobre materiais restauradores estéticos (MRE) e algumas dúvidas permanecem sobre seu potencial antimicrobiano e sua toxidade sobre células. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as propriedades biológicas do óleo essencial (OE) de CS e o efeito deste sobre MRE. Assim, o OE foi obtido por hidrodestilação e caracterizado por Cromatografia a gás acoplada a Espectrometria de massas (CG-EM) e os valores de concentração inibitória e bactericida mínimas foram determinados pelo método de microdiluição frente às espécies Streptococcus (mutans, mitis, sanguinis e salivarius) e Enterococcus faecalis. Avaliou-se também a citotoxidade do OE de CS e da formulação de enxaguatório bucal contendo o OE bioativo em fibroblastos de camundongos. Para a avaliação da rugosidade superficial (RS)...

Ação do enxaguatório bucal à base de Casearia sylvestris e Clorexidina 0,12% na cor e rugosidade superficial do esmalte dental submetido ao clareamento caseiro e bebida alimentícia ácida; Action of Chlorhexidine and a mouthwash containing Casearia sylvestris in color and surface roughness of the dental enamel submitted to home bleaching and acid drink

Bohner, Lauren Oliveira Lima
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/12/2013 Português
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27.61%
Enxaguatórios bucais podem ocasionar a alteração de cor do elemento dental, devido à desmineralização ocasionada pelo uso prolongado dos mesmos, e consequente aumento da rugosidade superficial. Outros fatores, como o clareamento caseiro e o consumo diário de bebidas ácidas são, da mesma forma, responsáveis pela dissolução do esmalte dental. Buscando superar os efeitos adversos da Clorexidina 0,12%, desenvolveu-se um enxaguatório bucal à base de uma planta medicinal, denominada Casearia sylvestris. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a ação dos enxaguatórios bucais à base de Casearia sylvestris e Clorexidina 0,12% na cor e rugosidade superfícial do esmalte dental submetido a agente clareador e bebida alimentícia de pH 2,4. Amostras de dentes bovinos foram divididas em 3 grupos (n= 30), de acordo com a solução utilizada: Água destilada, Clorexidina 0,12% e Enxaguatório bucal à base de Casearia sylvestris. Cada grupo foi ainda dividido em subgrupos, de acordo com as categorias (n=10): Grupo controle, dentes clareados e dentes submetidos à imersão em bebida alimentícia ácida. O clareamento caseiro foi realizado com peróxido de carbamida 16%, por 6 horas diárias durante 8 dias, enquanto a imersão em suco de limão (pH 2...

Avaliação da atividade de óleos essenciais sobre micro-organismos bucais e efeito de formulação de exaguatório bucal contendo óleo essencial sobre biofilme de micro-organismo cariogênio; Evaluation of essential oils activity against oral microorganisms and effect of mouthwash containing essential oil upon cariogenic microorganism biofilm

Sousa, Ingrid Pontes de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/07/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
A utilização de enxaguatórios bucais é um recurso importante na manutenção da saúde oral, uma vez que esta pode suprir as limitações da higienização tradicional mecânica, devido ao maior acesso às bactérias do biofilme dental. Em função de sua fácil utilização, palatabilidade e poder de refrescância, os enxaguatórios podem ser considerados um produto de fácil adesão, sendo especialmente importantes na manutenção da saúde bucal de usuários com menor destreza ou impossibilidade de realizar uma escovação adequada. Entre os diversos componentes ativos que podem estar presentes nos enxaguatório bucais estão os constituintes de óleos essenciais como mentol, eucaliptol e timol. Uma grande vantagem da utilização de óleos essenciais em produtos para saúde bucal é a existência de uma gama de propriedades biológicas e organolépticas que os mesmos podem conferir às formulações, uma vez que podem atuar como agentes antimicrobianos, inibidores da produção de ácidos e sulfetos voláteis por bactérias orais, antioxidantes, anti-inflamatórios, aromatizantes e flavorizantes simultaneamente. Dessa forma, formulações contendo óleos essenciais podem ser potenciais agentes na prevenção e tratamento das afecções bucais mais comuns como a cárie dental...

Essential Oil of Thymus vulgaris: Preparation of Pharmaceutical Mouthwash Formulation and In Vitro Evaluation of the Bacterial Plaque-Inhibiting Properties.

SANTOS, Rodolfo I.; PEREIRA, Daniel F. A.; TEODORO, Guilherme R.; CIAMPO, Jose Orestes Del; OGASAWARA, Mario S.; CANETTIERI, Antonio C. V.; KHOURI, Sonia; SALVADOR, Marcos J.
Fonte: COLEGIO FARMACEUTICOS PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES Publicador: COLEGIO FARMACEUTICOS PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.69%
Essential Oil of Thymus vulgaris: Preparation of Pharmaceutical Mouthwash Formulation and In Vitro Evaluation of the Bacterial Plaque-Inhibiting Properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of the essential oil of Thymus vulgaris (thyme) pure or incorporate in a alcohol-free pharmaceutical mouthwash formulation, against Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175), being determined the Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and the effect in the bacterial plate formation. The MIC value obtained for the essential oil was 100 mu g/mL (1 %). The mouthwash pharmaceutical formulation containing commercial essential oil of T. vulgaris was preparated. Microbiological and macroscopic analysis as well as analyses for MEV confirmed the effectiveness of this new alcohol-free mouthwash formulation containing essential oil of T. vulgaris as agent with plaque-inhibiting properties and possible application in the preventive dentistry. The chemical characterization of the bioactive essential oil was accomplished by CG-MS, being verified the presence of carvacrol, p-cimene and alpha-pinene as major constituents.

Effect of pilocarpine mouthwash on salivary flow

Bernardi,R.; Perin,C.; Becker,F.L.; Ramos,G.Z.; Gheno,G.Z.; Lopes,L.R.; Pires,M.; Barros,H.M.T.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2002 Português
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37.31%
Pilocarpine is a cholinergic agonist that increases salivary flow and has been used to treat xerostomia. Oral intake is the most frequent route of administration. Adverse effects are dose-dependent and include sudoresis, facial blushing and increased urinary frequency. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of topical pilocarpine solutions as mouthwashes on salivary flow and their adverse effects on healthy subjects. Forty volunteers received 10 ml 0.5, 1 and 2% pilocarpine solutions or 0.9% saline in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled manner. Salivation was measured before and 45, 60 and 75 min after mouth rinsing for 1 min with 10 ml of saline or pilocarpine solutions. Vital signs were measured and ocular, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular symptoms, anxiety and flushing were estimated using visual analog scales. There was a dose-dependent increase in salivation. Salivation measured after 1 and 2% pilocarpine (1.4 ± 0.36 and 2.22 ± 0.42 g, respectively) was significantly (P<0.001) higher than before (0.70 ± 0.15 and 0.64 ± 0.1 g), with a plateau between 45 and 75 min. Cardiovascular, visual, gastrointestinal and behavioral symptoms and signs were not changed by topical pilocarpine. Mouth rinsing with pilocarpine solutions at concentrations of 1 to 2% induced a significant objective and subjective dose-dependent increase in salivary flow...

Chromosomal damage and apoptosis analysis in exfoliated oral epithelial cells from mouthwash and alcohol users

Rocha,Rodrigo dos Santos; Meireles,José Roberto Cardoso; Cerqueira,Eneida de Moraes Marcílio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
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37.49%
Chromosomal damage and apoptosis were analyzed in users of mouthwash and/or alcoholic beverages, using the micronucleus test on exfoliated oral mucosa cells. Samples from four groups of 20 individuals each were analyzed: three exposed groups (EG1, EG2 and EG3) and a control group (CG). EG1 comprised mouthwash users; EG2 comprised drinkers, and EG3 users of both mouthwashes and alcoholic beverages. Cell material was collected by gently scraping the insides of the cheeks. Then the cells were fixed in a methanol/acetic acid (3:1) solution and stained and counterstained, respectively, with Schiff reactive and fast green. Endpoints were computed on 2,000 cells in a blind test. Statistical analysis showed that chromosomal damage and apoptosis were significantly higher in individuals of groups EG1 and EG3 than in controls (p < 0.005 and p < 0.001, respectively). No significant difference in chromosomal damage and apoptosis was observed between the exposed groups. In EG2, only the occurrence of apoptosis was significantly higher than in the controls. These results suggest that mouthwashes alone or in association with alcoholic drinks induce genotoxic effects, manifested as chromosomal damage and apoptosis. They also suggest that alcoholic drinks are effective for stimulating the process of apoptosis. However...

Herbal mouthwash based on Libidibia ferrea: microbiological control, sensory characteristics, sedimentation, pH and density

Venâncio,Gisely Naura; Rodrigues,Isis Costa; Souza,Tatiane Pereira de; Marreiro,Raquel de Oliveira; Bandeira,Maria Fulgência Costa Lima; Conde,Nikeila Chacon de Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 Português
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27.61%
Introduction Phytotherapy is the study of herbal medicines and their applicability to cure diseases in general, being a therapeutic method which can be used for the prevention and treatment of mouth diseases. Among the herbal studied, the Libidibia ferrea, known as jucá or ironwood, is widely used in folk medicine by presenting anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial and antipyretic therapeutic properties. Objective To evaluate in vitro pharmacological stability of the Libidibia ferrea extract’s mouthwash (INPA - 228 022). Material and method It was held the mouthwash microbiological control by determining the total number of microorganisms and Salmonella sp, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus; stability characteristics (color, odor, brightness and consistency), sedimentation test (centrifuge), the pH measurement (pH meter) and density evaluation (pycnometer) were analyzed. Result The mouthwash showed to be absent from microorganisms and no changes were observed in the organoleptics and sedimentation characteristics. The average pH values were 6.21, 6.15 and 5.85 at 0, 30 and 60 days, respectively, and 1.029, 1.033 and 1.035 g/ mL density values, respectively, without interfering with the final characteristic of the formulation. Conclusion The mouthwash presented pharmacological stability and quality conditions.

Development of mouthwash with Rosmarinus officinalis extract

Paula,Isabela Moreira Baumgratz de; Moraes,Flávia Costa; Souza,Orlando Vieira de; Yamamoto,Célia Hitomi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
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37.76%
Rosmarinus officinalis, which belongs to the Lamiaceae family, is a species of medicinal flora with therapeutic properties. In order to exploit the benefits of these properties, a mouthwash formulation was developed, with careful selection of raw materials to meet pharmacotechnical requirements. Extracts of the plant were incorporated into a mouthwash, which was shown to have inhibitory action in vitro against the micro-organisms commonly found in periodontics. Controls for assessing the quality of the drugs were carried out, quantifying phenols and flavonoids as chemical markers. Mouthwash solutions were formulated containing 0.1, 5 and 10% ethanol extract of R. officinalis; and 0.05, 5 and 10% of the hexane fraction of R. officinalis. In order to evaluate synergism, ethanol extract and hexane fraction were also added to formulations containing 0.05% sodium fluoride and 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate. These formulations were assessed for inhibitory effect against the specific microorganisms involved in the process of bacterial plaque formation, S. mutans (ATCC25175) and C. albicans(ATCC 10231), frequently found in cases of oral infections. The agar diffusion method was used to evaluate the inhibitory activity of extracts and formulations. All mouthwash solutions displayed inhibitory activity having higher sensitivity to S. mutans for the 5% ethanol extract+0.05% sodium fluoride...

Clinical Evidence of the Efficacy of a Mouthwash Containing Propolis for the Control of Plaque and Gingivitis: A Phase II Study

Pereira, Elizete Maria Rita; da Silva, João Luís Duval Cândido; Silva, Fernando Freitas; De Luca, Mariana Passos; Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e; Lorentz, Telma Campos Medeiros; Santos, Vagner Rodrigues
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.49%
The aim of this study was to evidence the clinical efficacy of an alcohol-free mouthwash containing 5.0% (W/V) Brazilian green propolis (MGP 5%) for the control of plaque and gingivitis. Twenty five subjects, men and women aging between 18 and 60 years old (35 ± 9), were included in a clinical trials phase II study who had a minimum of 20 sound natural teeth, a mean plaque index of at least 1.5 (PI), and a mean gingival index of at least 1.0 (GI). They were instructed to rinse with 10 mL of mouthwash test for 1 minute, immediately after brushing in the morning and at night. After 45 and 90 days using mouthwash, the results showed a significant reduction in plaque and in gingival index when compared to samples obtained in baseline. These reductions were at 24% and 40%, respectively (P < .5). There were no important side effects in soft and hard tissues of the mouth. In this study, the MGP 5% showed evidence of its efficacy in reducing PI and GI. However, it is necessary to perform a clinical trial, double-blind, randomized to validate such effectiveness.

Short-term microbiological effects of scaling and root planing and essential-oils mouthwash in Chinese adults*

He, Jia-yan; Qi, Gang-gang; Huang, Wu-jing; Sun, Xu-dong; Tong, Yu; Peng, Chun-mei; Zhou, Xue-ping; Chen, Hui
Fonte: Zhejiang University Press Publicador: Zhejiang University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2013 Português
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27.81%
Objective: To assess the short-term effect of scaling and root planing (SRP) and essential-oils mouthwash on the levels of specific bacteria in Chinese adults. Methods: Fifty Chinese adults with chronic periodontitis were randomly assigned to full-mouth SRP or a 7-d essential-oils mouthwash regimen. In addition, 22 periodontally healthy adults used essential-oils mouthwash for 7 d. Clinical examination and plaque/saliva sampling were performed at baseline and on Day 7. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to measure Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Prevotella intermedia (Pi), and total bacterial loads in saliva, supra- and sub-gingival plaque samples. Results: The detection frequencies of four tested species remained unchanged after either treatment. However, the bacterial loads of Fn, Pg, and Pi were significantly reduced by SRP; the mean reduction of bacterial counts in saliva ranged from 52.2% to 62.5% (p<0.01), in supragingival plaque from 68.2% to 81.0% (p<0.05), and in subgingival plaque from 67.9% to 93.0% (p<0.01). Total bacterial loads were reduced after SRP in supra- and sub-gingival plaque (p<0.05). Essential-oils mouthwash reduced Fn levels in supragingival plaque by a mean of 53.2%...

Silver nanoparticles as active ingredient used for alcohol-free mouthwash

Abadi, Marzieh Fattahi Dolat; Mehrabian, Sedigheh; Asghari, Babak; Namvar, Amirmorteza Ebrahimzadeh; Ezzatifar, Fatemeh; Lari, Abdolaziz Rastegar
Fonte: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House Publicador: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/04/2013 Português
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We developed an effective and non-irritant mouthwash that is alcohol-free and has a low concentration of silver nanoparticles (SNP) in order to be used for preventing oral cavity infections in immunocompromised oncologic patients. We studied antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles (SNP) in the range of (50–0.024 µg/ml) and 3% of ethanol (30,000 µg/ml) in mouthwash. Antimicrobial effects of two treatments were studied by doing challenge test on microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and measuring MIC and MBC (MFC) values of SNP toward mentioned microorganisms. These values of SNP respectively were in the range of (0.78–3.12) and (1.56–12.5 µg/ml). Results showed that SNP in the MIC and the lower concentrations killed all of the used microorganisms. No difference was observed between the antimicrobial effect of ethanol-free mouthwash containing SNP and mouthwash containing SNP and ethanol (30,000 µg/ml). SNP has high antimicrobial effects at low concentrations and it can be a good alternative for ethanol (30,000 µg/ml) because ethanol is also irritating, especially to sensitive or inflamed mucosa.

Evaluation of the clinical efficacy of potassium nitrate desensitizing mouthwash and a toothpaste in the treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity

Sharma, Sunita; Shetty, Neetha J.; Uppoor, Ashita
Fonte: Medicina Oral S.L. Publicador: Medicina Oral S.L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/2012 Português
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27.61%
Potassium Nitrate has been used as a desensitizing agent to treat dentinal hypersensitivity. The effectiveness of a potassium nitrate is evaluated both in the form of a toothpaste and a mouthwash in a clinical study. Thirty patients were assessed using evaporative stimuli and thermal stimuli and response was evaluated using Visual Analogue Scale at baseline, at 2 weeks and 4 weeks. The patients were divided into. group I: fifteen patients who used toothpaste containing 5% potassium nitrate, sodium fluoride, xylitol and triclosan, group II: Fifteen patients who used mouthwash containing 3% potassium nitrate, sodium fluoride, xylitol and triclosan . The results of both the assessment methods indicated that potassium nitrate toothpaste as well as mouthwash showed statistically significant decrease in the sensitivity score on a Visual Analogue Scale. This was effective in reducing the symptoms of dentinal hypersensitivity when used either as toothpaste or as a mouthwash. But, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups, although both were effective in the treatment of hypersensitivity.

Effect of Green Tea Mouthwash on Oral Malodor

Rassameemasmaung, Supanee; Phusudsawang, Pakkarada; Sangalungkarn, Vanida
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/12/2012 Português
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27.69%
This study aimed to determine the effect of green tea mouthwash on oral malodor, plaque, and gingival inflammation. Gingivitis subjects who had over 80 parts per billion of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) in the morning breath were randomly assigned into green tea or placebo mouthwash group. At baseline, VSC, Plaque Index (PI) and Papillary Bleeding Index (PBI) were recorded. Participants were rinsed with the assigned mouthwash, and VSC level was remeasured at 30 minutes and 3 hours postrinsing. For the following 4 weeks, participants were asked to rinse with the assigned mouthwash twice daily. VSC, PI and PBI were remeasured at day 28. It was found that, at 30 minutes and 3 hours postrinsing, VSC was reduced by 36.76% and 33.18% in the green tea group and 19.83% and 9.17% in the placebo group, respectively. At day 28, VSC was reduced by 38.61% in the green tea group and 10.86% in the placebo group. VSC level in the green tea group was significantly different when compared to the placebo. PI and PBI were significantly reduced in both groups. However, no significant difference was found between groups. In conclusion, green tea mouthwash could significantly reduce VSC level in gingivitis subjects after rinsing for 4 weeks.

Effect of Commonly Used Beverage, Soft Drink, and Mouthwash on Force Delivered by Elastomeric Chain: A Comparative In Vitro Study

Kumar, Kiran; Shetty, Sharath; Krithika, M J; Cyriac, Bobby
Fonte: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publicador: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.61%
Background: The objective was to evaluate and compare the effect of Coca-Cola®, tea, Listerine® mouthwash on the force delivered by elastomeric chain in vitro. Materials and Methods: Four specimen groups (distilled water, Coca-Cola®, tea, Listerine® mouthwash) with a total sample size of 480 specimens. A specimen is described as a four link grey close elastomeric chain. Jigs, each with a series of pins set 25 mm apart, was used to hold stretched elastomeric chains at a constant length. These jigs allowed for complete submersion of the elastomeric chain in a water bath throughout the test period, as well as the dipping of elastomeric chains in respective control and test solutions. For 60 s, twice a day, groups were exposed to the respective solutions, the two daily exposure was separated by 9 h and force measurements were taken at six time points during the experiment, that is, 1 h, 24 h, 7 days, 14 days, 21 days, and 28 days. Force measurements were made by Instron machine by a single blinded examiner with the help of a second examiner. Results: It was found out that there was highly significant difference between groups control, Coca-Cola®, Listerine®, and tea as well as there was highly significant (p < 0.01) between time periods. Group versus time was also highly significant (p < 0.01). For all groups substantial amount of force decay occurred until 7 days. The control group reached plateau between 7 and 14 days and then suddenly decreased from 14 days to 28 days. The Coca-Cola® and the Listerine® group reached a plateau between 7 and 21 days then decrease between 21 and 28 days. The tea group showed plateau phase between 7 and 28 days. After 28 days in the control group...

Evaluation of holy basil mouthwash as an adjunctive plaque control agent in a four day plaque regrowth model

Hosamane, Manasa; Acharya, Anirudh B.; Vij, Chhavi; Trivedi, Dhiraj; Setty, Swati B.; Thakur, Srinath L.
Fonte: Medicina Oral S.L. Publicador: Medicina Oral S.L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.61%
Objectives: Various antibacterial and antiplaque agents are used in chemical plaque control but none are without their shortcomings. Chlorhexidine considered a gold standard, also has an array of side effects. To overcome these, numerous herbal extracts have been tried and tested and one among them is holy basil. The present study evaluated the antibacterial efficacy of holy basil in vitro against some periodontopathogens and its antiplaque effect in vivo. Study Design: Thirty periodontally healthy volunteers were randomly divided into three groups and refrained from all mechanical oral hygiene measures for 4 days and used one of the randomly assigned mouthwash (1- chlorhexidine; 2- holy basil; and 3- sterile water [placebo]) twice daily. The Plaque Index (PI) was assessed at days 0 and 5. Aqueous extract of holy basil was tested against Prevotella intermedia (P. intermedia) and Fusobacterium nucleatum (F.nucleatum). Results: Holy basil extract showed inhibition of both the tested periodontopathogens (P.intermedia and F.nucleatum) at various concentrations. In all groups, the PI increased from baseline to day 5. There was a statistically significant difference (p < .05) between the chlorhexidine and placebo rinse and the holy basil and placebo rinse...

The effect of Triphala and Chlorhexidine mouthwash on dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and microbial growth

Bajaj, Neeti; Tandon, Shobha
Fonte: Medknow Publications Publicador: Medknow Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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27.69%
The objective of this study was to ascertain the effects of a mouthwash prepared with Triphala on dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and microbial growth and compare it with commercially available Chlorhexidine mouthwash. This study was conducted after ethics committee approval and written consent from guardians (and assent from the children) were obtained. A total of 1431 students in the age group 8–12 years, belonging to classes fourth to seventh, were the subjects for this study. The Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of the subjects was determined using a questionnaire. The students were divided into three groups namely, Group I (n = 457) using Triphala mouthwash (0.6%), Group II (n = 440) using Chlorhexidine mouthwash (0.1%) (positive control), and Group III (n = 412) using distilled water (negative control). The assessment was carried out on the basis of plaque scores, gingival scores, and the microbiological analysis (Streptococcus and lactobacilli counts). Statistical analysis for plaque and gingival scores was conducted using the paired sample t-test (for intragroup) and the Tukey's test (for intergroup conducted along with analysis of variance test). For the Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus counts, Wilcoxon and Mann–Whitney test were applied for intragroup and intergroup comparison...

Development of mouthwash with Rosmarinus officinalis extract

Paula, Isabela Moreira Baumgratz de; Moraes, Flávia Costa; Souza, Orlando Vieira de; Yamamoto, Célia Hitomi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
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Rosmarinus officinalis, pertencente à família Lamiaceae, é um exemplar da flora medicinal que possui propriedades terapêuticas. No intuito de usufruir destes benefícios, desenvolveu-se uma formulação de enxaguatório bucal com seleção criteriosa de matérias-primas que atendessem os requisitos farmacotécnicos. Incorporaram-se extratos dessa planta e verificou-se a capacidade inibitória in vitro frente a micro-organismos frequentemente encontrados em periodontias. Controles foram efetuados para a avaliação da qualidade dos fármacos, quantificando-se como marcadores químicos, os fenóis e os flavonóides. Formulações de enxaguatórios contendo 0,1, 5 e 10% de extrato etanólico de R. officinalis; e 0,05, 5 e 10% da fração hexânica de R. officinalis foram preparadas. Para avaliar o sinergismo, o extrato e a fração hexânica também foram adicionados às formulações que continham fluoreto de sódio 0,05% e diguclonato de clorexidina 0,12%. Nessas formulações avaliou-se a capacidade inibitória frente a micro-organismos específicos do processo de formação de placa bacteriana, S. mutans (ATCC 25175) e C. albicans (ATCC 10231), frequentemente encontrada em quadros de infecções orais. Foi empregado o método de difusão em ágar para a avaliação da atividade inibitória dos extratos e das formulações. Todos os enxaguatórios demonstraram atividade inibitória...

Herbal extracts in an experimental mouthwash: pharmacognostics analysis and antibacterial activity; Análise farmacognóstica e atividade antibacteriana de extratos vegetais empregados em formulação para a higiene bucal

Cordeiro, Cynthia Helena Gontijo; Sacramento, Luis Vitor Silva do; Corrêa, Marcos Antônio; Pizzolitto, Antonio Carlos; Bauab, Taís Maria
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2006 Português
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27.49%
In this study, herbs and hidroalcoholic extracts of Nasturtium officinale, Rosmarinus officinalis, Tabebuia impetiginosa, Plantago major and Achillea millefollium, were investigated for pharmacognostics analysis (flavonoids, alkaloids, tanins, saponins and antraquinones) and antibacterial activity (against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis e Pseudomonas aeruginosa). In vitro antibacterial studies were carried by the disc diffusion method, hole plate and tamplate. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were determinated by broth dilution method. The extracts were incorporated in mouthwash for periodontal diseases treatment. The pharmacognostics studies showed that herbs and extracts have substances groups described in literature. The antibacterial studies showed that extracts and mouthwash have some activity against all considered bacteria. S. aureus and B. subtilis showed, apparently, to be species more susceptible. Investigation of the MIC showed 312,5 µL/mL-1250 µL/mL for extracts and 625 µL/mL-2500 µL/mL for mouthwash. The studies served as initial quality control of the obtained cosmetic, enhancing anti-inflammatory (flavonoids) and/or antibacterial activities (tanins). However...