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Influência da N-acetilcisteína no estresse oxidativo hepático e cerebral e na cinética de mercúrio em ratos expostos ao cloreto de metilmercúrio; Influence of N-acetylcysteine on cerebral and hepatic oxidative stress and the kinetics of mercury in rats exposed to methylmercury chloride

Sawada, Tania Cristina Higashi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/12/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Trabalhos experimentais demonstram o envolvimento de estresse oxidativo como mecanismo responsável pelas lesões cerebrais e hepáticas que acompanham a intoxicação pelo cloreto de metilmercúrio (CH3HgCI). A N-acetilcisteína (NAC) é capaz de ligar-se a metais e sequestrar radicais livres. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência da NAC sobre os níveis de mercúrio (Hg) e no estresse oxidativo induzido pelo metilmercúrio. Neste trabalho em ratos preconizamos a exposição oral a 20 mg de CH3HgCl/kg e intraperitoneal (ip) a 200 mg/kg de NAC, avaliados após 6, 12 e 24 horas e exposição oral a 0,5 mg de CH3HgCI/kg e doses de NAC (i.p.). Não houve aumento de TBARS hepático e cerebral após exposição aguda e sub-crônica. Dos antioxidantes apenas o ácido ascórbico mostrou-se diminuído após 12 horas da exposição. A NAC apresentou-se eficaz apenas na exposição sub-crônica com animais apresentando níveis de Hg reduzidos em fígado e cérebro; Experimental studies show oxidative stress to cause cerebral and hepatic lesions after methylmercury intoxication. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is capable of binding to metals and scavenges free radicals. In this study we evaluated the influence of NAC on the levels of mercury (Hg) and on oxidative stress parameters after methylmercury chloride (CH3HgCI) exposure. A group of rats were treated by gavage with 20mg of CH3HgCl/kg body weight (b.w.) and 200mg/kg b.w. of NAC by intraperitoneal (ip) injection. These animals were killed after 6...

Os efeitos da suplementação de N-acetilcisteína em pacientes soroposivitos para o HIV; The effects of N-acetylcysteine supplementation in patients seropositive for HIV

Treitinger, Aricio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/06/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Na infecção pelo HIV o equilíbrio entre antioxidantes e pró-oxidantes e a produção de citocinas encontram-se alterados, causando estresse oxidativo crônico. Presume-se que o estresse oxidativo crônico e a ativação do sistema imunológico favorecem a replicação do vírus através da ativação do NF-kB e a apoptose de células mononucleares do sangue periférico. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da suplementação, durante 180 dias, com 600mg/dia de N-acetilcisteína (NAC), sobre a carga viral, os níveis de sub-populações de linfócitos, a viabilidade de linfócitos e sobre os níveis séricos de citocinas, proteínas, lipídeos, β2 microglobulina e outros marcadores da ativação do sistema imunológico em pacientes assintomáticos, submetidos ao primeiro tratamento anti-retroviral. Participaram deste estudo, duplo cego controlado por placebo, que teve a duração de 180 dias, 30 indivíduos que iniciaram a terapia anti-retroviral. O grupo estudo foi constituído por 14 indivíduos que além do tratamento anti-retroviral foram suplementados com NAC, enquanto o grupo controle foi constituído por 16 indivíduos que além do tratamento anti-retroviral receberam placebo. Os marcadores avaliados foram determinados no dia anterior ao início do tratamento a que foram submetidos e após 60...

Effects of N-acetylcysteine on sucrose-rich diet-induced hyperglycaemia, dyslipidemia and oxidative stress in rats

Diniz, Yeda S.; Rocha, Katiucha K. H. R.; Souza, Gisele A.; Galhardi, Cristiano M.; Ebaid, Geovana M. X.; Rodrigues, Hosana G.; Novelli Filho, Jose Luiz V. B.; Cicogna, Antonio C.; Novelli, Ethel L. B.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 151-157
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
This study examined whether sucrose-rich diet (SRD)-induced hyperglycaemia, dyslipidemia and oxidative stress may be inhibited by N-acetylcysteine (C5H9-NO3S), an organosulfur from Allium plants. Male Wistar 40 rats were divided into four groups (n = 10): (C) given standard chow and water; (N) receiving standard chow and 2 mg/l N-acetylcysteine in its drinking water; (SRD) given standard chow and 30% sucrose in its drinking water; and (SRD-N) receiving standard chow, 30% sucrose and N-acetylcysteine in its drinking water. After 30 days of treatment, SRD rats had obesity with increased abdominal circumference, hyperglycaemia, by dyslipidemia and hepatic triacylglycerol accumulation. These adverse effects were associated with oxidative stress and depressed lipid degradation in hepatic tissue. The SRD adverse effects were not observed in SDR-N rats. N-Acetylcysteine reduced the oxidative stress, enhancing glutathione-peroxidase activity, and normalizing lipid hydroperoxyde, reduced glutathione and superoxide dismutase in hepatic tissue of SRD-N rats. The beta-hydroxyacyl coenzyme-A dehydrogenase and citrate-synthase activities were increased in SRD-N rats, indicating enhanced lipid degradation in hepatic tissue as compared to SRD. SRD-N rats had reduced serum oxidative stress and diminished glucose...

Effects of N-acetylcysteine on alcohol abstinence and alcohol-induced adverse effects in rats

Ferreira Seiva, Fabio Rodrigues; Amauchi, Juliana Fujihara; Ribeiro Rocha, Katiucha Karolina; Souza, Gisele Aparecida; Ebaid, Geovana Xavier; Burneiko, Regina Miranda; Barbosa Novelli, Ethel Lourenzi
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 127-135
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
Alcoholism is rampant in modern society and some antioxidant compound could perhaps be useful to reduce the damage done by alcohol consumption and abstinence. The present study was undertaken to investigate the association of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) intake, alcoholism, and alcohol abstinence on lipid profile, in vivo low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation, oxidative stress, and antioxidant status in serum and liver of rats. Initially, male Wistar 30 rats were divided into two groups: (C, N = 6) given standard chow and water; (E, N = 24) receiving standard chow and aqueous ethanol solution in semi-voluntary research. After 30 days of ethanol exposure, (E) group was divided into four subgroups (N = 6/group): (E-E) continued drinking 30% ethanol solution; (E-NAC) drinking ethanol solution containing 2 g/L NAC (AB) changed ethanol solution to water; (AB-NAC) changed ethanol to aqueous solution 2 g/L NAC. After 15 days of the E-group division, E-E rats had higher serum alanine transaminase, lower body weight, and surface area, despite higher energy intake than C. E-E rats had also lower feed efficiency, dyslipidemia with enhanced triacyl glycerol, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), lipid hydroperoxide (LH) and in vivo oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL). AB...

N-acetylcysteine in high-sucrose diet-induced obesity: Energy expenditure and metabolic shifting for cardiac health

Barbosa Novelli, Ethel Lourenzi; Santos, Priscila Portugal; Assalin, Heloisa Balan; Souza, Gisele; Rocha, Katiucha; Ebaid, Geovana Xavier; Ferreira Seiva, Fabio Rodrigues; Mani, Fernanda; Fernandes, Ana Angelica
Fonte: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier B.V. Ltd Publicador: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier B.V. Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 74-79
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); To study the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC, C(5)H(9)-NO(3)S) on high-sucrose diet-induced obesity and its effects on energy metabolism and cardiac oxidative stress, male Wistar 24 rats were divided into four groups (n = 6): (C) given standard chow and water; (N) receiving standard chow and 2 g/l N-acetylcysteine in its drinking water; (HS) given standard chow and 30% sucrose in its drinking water, and (HS-N) receiving standard chow, 30% sucrose and N-acetylcysteine in its drinking water.After 30 days of the treatment, obesity was evidenced in HS rats from enhanced body weight, respiratory quotient, hypertriglyceridemia. As well depressed resting metabolic rate, and oxygen consumption per surface area. HS rats had triacylglycerol accumulation, oxidative stress and metabolic shifting in cardiac tissue. NAC enhanced fat oxidation and energy expenditure, normalizing these adverse effects, comparing HS-N and HS rats. The beta-hydroxyacyl coenzymne-A dehydrogenase activity was higher in HS-N animals, indicating higher heart fatty acid degradation than in HS. NAC normalized myocardial glycogen and lactate dehydrogenase activity...

Effects of pentoxifylline and n-acetylcysteine on injuries caused by ischemia and reperfusion of splanchnic organs in rats

Freire Cerqueira, N.; Hussni, C. A.; Bonetti Yoshida, W.; Lopes Sequeira, J.; Padovani, C. R.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 512-521
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
Aim. Occlusion and reperfusion of splanchnic arteries cause local and systemic changes due to the release of cytotoxic substances and the interaction between neutrophils and endothelial cells. This study evaluated the role of pentoxifylline (PTX) and n-acetylcysteine (NAC) in the reduction of ischemia, reperfusion shock and associated intestinal injury. Methods. Sixty rats were divided into 6 groups of 10 animals. Rats in three groups underwent mesenteric ischemia for 30 minutes followed by 120 minutes of reperfusion, and were treated with saline (SAL-5 mL/kg/ h), pentoxifylline (PTX-50 mg/kg) or n-acetylcysteine (NAC-430 mg/kg/h). The other 3 groups underwent sham ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) and received the same treatments. Hemodynamic, biochemical and histological parameters were evaluated. Results. No significant hemodynamic or intestinal histological changes were seen in any sham group. No histological changes were found in the lung or liver of animals in the different groups. There was a progressive decrease in mean arterial blood pressure, from mean of 111.53 mmHg (30 minutes of ischemia) to 44.30±19.91 mmHg in SAL-I/R. 34.52±17.22 mmHg in PTX-I/R and 33.81±8.39 mmHg in NAC-I/R (P<0.05). In all I/R groups, there was a progressive decrease in: aortic blood flow...

Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms control by N-acetylcysteine and rifampicin

Leite, Bruna; Gomes, Fernanda; Teixeira, Pilar; Souza, Clovis; Pizzolitto, Elisabeth; Oliveira, Rosário
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 322-328
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
Medical device-associated infections caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis usually involve biofilm formation and its eradication is particularly challenging. Although rifampicin has been proving to be one of the most effective antibiotics against S. epidermidis biofilms, its use as a single agent can lead to the acquisition of resistance. Therefore, we assessed the combined effect of rifampicin with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) known by its mucolytic effect, in the control of S. epidermidis biofilms. Biofilms of 2 S. epidermidis strains (9142 and 1457) were treated with 1× minimum inhibitory concentration (4 mg/mL) and 10× minimum inhibitory concentration (40 mg/mL) of NAC and 10 mg/L (peak serum) of rifampicin alone and in combination. NAC at 40 mg/L alone or in combination with rifampicin (10 mg/L) significantly reduced (4 log 10) the number of biofilm cells. Considering their different modes of action, the association of NAC with rifampicin constitutes a promising therapeutic strategy in the treatment of infections associated to S. epidermidis biofilms. © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

N-acetylcysteine and vancomycin alone and in combination against staphylococci biofilm

Leite, Bruna; Gomes, Fernanda; Melo, Poliana; Souza, Clovis; Teixeira, Pilar; Oliveira, Rosário; Pizzolitto, Elisabeth
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 184-192
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Introduction: The ability of staphylococci to produce biofilm is an important virulence mechanism that allows bacteria both to adhere and to live on artificial surfaces and to resist to the host immune factors and antibiotics. Staphylococcal infections have become increasingly difficult to treat due their antibiotic resistance. Therefore, there is a continuous need for new and effective treatment alternatives against staphylococcal infections. The main goal of this study was to test N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and vancomycin alone and in combination against S. epidermidis and S. aureus biofilms. Methods: Biofilms were treated with NAC at minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and 10 × MIC concentrations and vancomycin at MIC and peak serum concentrations. Results: The use of NAC 10 × MIC alone showed a significant antibactericidal effect, promoting a 4-5 log10 CFU/ mL reduction in biofilm cells. The combination of NAC 10 × MIC with vancomycin (independently of the concentration used) reduced significantly the number of biofilm cells for all strains evaluated (5-6 log10). Conclusion: N-acetylcysteine associated to vancomycin can be a potential therapeutic strategy in the treatment of infections associated to biofilms of S. epidermidis or S. aureus.

N-acetylcysteine and vancomycin alone and in combination against staphylococci biofilm

Leite, Bruna; Gomes, Fernando; Melo, P.; Souza, Clovis; Teixeira, P.; Oliveira, Rosário; Pizzolitto, Elisabeth
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Introduction: The ability of staphylococci to produce biofilm is an important virulence mechanism that allows bacteria both to adhere and to live on artificial surfaces and to resist to the host immune factors and antibiotics. Staphylococcal infections have become increasingly difficult to treat due their antibiotic resistance. Therefore, there is a continuous need for new and effective treatment alternatives against staphylococcal infections. The main goal of this study was to test N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and vancomycin alone and in combination against S. epidermidis and S. aureus biofilms. Methods: Biofilms were treated with NAC at minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and 10 × MIC concentrations and vancomycin at MIC and peak serum concentrations. Results: The use of NAC 10 × MIC alone showed a significant antibactericidal effect, promoting a 4-5 log10 CFU/ mL reduction in biofilm cells. The combination of NAC 10 × MIC with vancomycin (independently of the concentration used) reduced significantly the number of biofilm cells for all strains evaluated (5-6 log10). Conclusion: N-acetylcysteine associated to vancomycin can be a potential therapeutic strategy in the treatment of infections associated to biofilms of S. epidermidis or S. aureus.

N-acetylcysteine and vancomycin alone and in combination against staphylococci biofilm

Leite,Bruna; Gomes,Fernanda; Melo,Poliana; Souza,Clovis; Teixeira,Pilar; Oliveira,Rosário; Pizzolitto,Elisabeth
Fonte: SBEB - Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: SBEB - Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
INTRODUCTION: The ability of staphylococci to produce biofilm is an important virulence mechanism that allows bacteria both to adhere and to live on artificial surfaces and to resist to the host immune factors and antibiotics. Staphylococcal infections have become increasingly difficult to treat due their antibiotic resistance. Therefore, there is a continuous need for new and effective treatment alternatives against staphylococcal infections. The main goal of this study was to test N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and vancomycin alone and in combination against S. epidermidis and S. aureus biofilms. METHODS: Biofilms were treated with NAC at minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and 10 × MIC concentrations and vancomycin at MIC and peak serum concentrations. RESULTS: The use of NAC 10 × MIC alone showed a significant antibactericidal effect, promoting a 4-5 log10 CFU/ mL reduction in biofilm cells. The combination of NAC 10 × MIC with vancomycin (independently of the concentration used) reduced significantly the number of biofilm cells for all strains evaluated (5-6 log10). CONCLUSION: N-acetylcysteine associated to vancomycin can be a potential therapeutic strategy in the treatment of infections associated to biofilms of S. epidermidis or S. aureus.

Le rôle du lactate et du N-acétylcystéine intra-tympanique dans la prévention de l’ototoxicité secondaire au cisplatin

Nader, Marc-Elie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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66.37%
Objectifs Aucun agent n’a été approuvé pour prévenir l’ototoxicité secondaire au cisplatin. Nos objectifs consistaient à évaluer la protection auditive offerte par le lactate et le N-acétylcystéine (NAC) intra-tympaniques après injection de cisplatin, ainsi que l’absorption systémique du NAC intra-tympanique. Méthodes Seize cochons d’inde formaient 2 groupes ayant reçu une solution de lactate et de NAC à 20% dans l’oreille testée. L’oreille contro-latérale a reçu une solution saline contrôle. Après 30 minutes, une injection intrapéritonéale de 3 mg/kg de cisplatin a été effectuée et répétée une fois par semaine jusqu’à une dose finale de 24 mg/kg. Les potentiels évoqués auditifs du tronc cérébral (PEATC) ont été mesurés avant les injections, après 9 mg/kg et 24 mg/kg de cisplatin. Les cochlées ont été analysées au microscope électronique à balayage. La diffusion systémique du NAC a été évaluée par chromatographie en phase liquide. Résultats Pour les oreilles contrôles, les seuils auditifs des PEATC ont augmenté uniformément sur toutes les fréquences (28,4 dB en moyenne). Le groupe lactate montrait une augmentation moins importante (17,0 dB). Les basses fréquences étaient nettement moins affectées. Le groupe NAC a subi une augmentation des seuils de 89 dB. La microscopie électronique a démontré une préservation partielle des cellules ciliées externes des cochlées traitées au lactate et une destruction complète de celles traitées au NAC. La chromatographie n’a démontré aucune diffusion de NAC. Conclusions Le lactate offre une protection partielle significative contre l’ototoxicité induite par le cisplatin. Les injections de NAC n’offrent pas de protection lorsque administrées en concentrations élevée. Le NAC intra-tympanique ne se diffuse pas systémiquement.; Objectives There is no approved agent to prevent cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. Our objectives are to identify and compare the protective effect of intratympanic injections of lactate or N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in the prevention of cisplatin-induced ototoxicity and to study systemic diffusion of intratympanic NAC. Methods Sixteen guinea pigs...

S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine ameliorates ischemia-reperfusion injury in the steatotic liver

ANDRAUS, Wellington; SOUZA, Gabriela Freitas Pereira de; OLIVEIRA, Marcelo Ganzarolli de; HADDAD, Luciana B. P.; COELHO, Ana Maria M.; GALVÃO, Flavio Henrique; LEITÃO, Regina Maria Cubero; D'ALBUQUERQUE, Luiz Augusto Carneiro; MACHADO, Marcel Cerqueira
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
BACKGROUND: Steatosis is currently the most common chronic liver disease and it can aggravate ischemia-reperfusion (IR) lesions. We hypothesized that S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (SNAC), an NO donor component, can ameliorate cell damage from IR injury. In this paper, we report the effect of SNAC on liver IR in rats with normal livers compared to those with steatotic livers. METHODS: Thirty-four rats were divided into five groups: I (n=8), IR in normal liver; II (n=8), IR in normal liver with SNAC; III (n=9), IR in steatotic liver; IV (n=9), IR in steatotic liver with SNAC; and V (n=10), SHAN. Liver steatosis was achieved by administration of a protein-free diet. A SNAC solution was infused intraperitoneally for one hour, beginning 30 min. after partial (70%) liver ischemia. The volume of solution infused was 1 ml/100 g body weight. The animals were sacrificed four hours after reperfusion, and the liver and lung were removed for analysis. We assessed hepatic histology, mitochondrial respiration, oxidative stress (MDA), and pulmonary myeloperoxidase. RESULTS: All groups showed significant alterations compared with the group that received SHAN. The results from the steatotic SNAC group revealed a significant improvement in liver mitochondrial respiration and oxidative stress compared to the steatotic group without SNAC. No difference in myeloperoxidase was observed. Histological analysis revealed no difference between the non-steatotic groups. However...

Potencialização do efeito metemoglobinizante da dapsona em ratos pela N-acetilcisteína; Potentiation of dapsone induced methemoglobinemia by N-acetylcysteine in rats

MORAES, Natália Valadares de; MELLO, Mauricio Homem de; SOUZA, Ana Maria de; SAMPAIO, Suely Vilela; QUEIROZ, Regina Helena Costa
Fonte: Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentação do Conjunto das Químicas da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentação do Conjunto das Químicas da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
Dapsona (DDS) (4,4'diaminodifenilsulfona), fármaco de escolha para o tratamento da hanseníase, freqüentemente induz anemia hemolítica e metemoglobinemia. A N-hidroxilação, uma de suas principais vias de biotransformação, é constantemente relacionada com a metemoglobinemia observada com o uso do fármaco. Com o objetivo de prevenir a hemotoxicidade induzida pela DDS, N-acetilcisteína, fármaco precursor de glutationa, foi administrada em associação com DDS em ratos machos Wistar pesando 220-240 g. Os animais foram anestesiados e o sangue coletado da aorta para determinação da concentração plasmática de DDS por CLAE, determinação dos níveis de metemoglobina e de glutationa eritrocitária por espectrofotometria, e avaliação de parâmetros bioquímicos e hematológicos. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que a N-acetilcisteína potenciou o efeito metemoglobinizante da dapsona devido ao aumento de sua concentração plasmática e conseqüente aumento da formação da N-hidroxilamina. Concluímos que as interações medicamentosas com a dapsona exigem estudos individualizados a fim de evitar os efeitos adversos do fármaco.; Dapsone (DDS) (4,4'diaminodiphenylsulfone), the drug of choice for the treatment of leprosy, frequently induces hemolytic anemia and methemoglobinemia. N-hydroxylation...

S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine ameliorates ischemia-reperfusion injury in the steatotic liver

Andraus,Wellington; Souza,Gabriela Freitas Pereira de; Oliveira,Marcelo Ganzarolli de; Haddad,Luciana B. P.; Coelho,Ana Maria M.; Galvão,Flavio Henrique; Leitão,Regina Maria Cubero; D'Albuquerque,Luiz Augusto Carneiro; Machado,Marcel Cerqueira Cesar
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
BACKGROUND: Steatosis is currently the most common chronic liver disease and it can aggravate ischemia-reperfusion (IR) lesions. We hypothesized that S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (SNAC), an NO donor component, can ameliorate cell damage from IR injury. In this paper, we report the effect of SNAC on liver IR in rats with normal livers compared to those with steatotic livers. METHODS: Thirty-four rats were divided into five groups: I (n=8), IR in normal liver; II (n=8), IR in normal liver with SNAC; III (n=9), IR in steatotic liver; IV (n=9), IR in steatotic liver with SNAC; and V (n=10), SHAN. Liver steatosis was achieved by administration of a protein-free diet. A SNAC solution was infused intraperitoneally for one hour, beginning 30 min. after partial (70%) liver ischemia. The volume of solution infused was 1 ml/100 g body weight. The animals were sacrificed four hours after reperfusion, and the liver and lung were removed for analysis. We assessed hepatic histology, mitochondrial respiration, oxidative stress (MDA), and pulmonary myeloperoxidase. RESULTS: All groups showed significant alterations compared with the group that received SHAN. The results from the steatotic SNAC group revealed a significant improvement in liver mitochondrial respiration and oxidative stress compared to the steatotic group without SNAC. No difference in myeloperoxidase was observed. Histological analysis revealed no difference between the non-steatotic groups. However...

N-Acetylcysteine Antagonizes the Development But Does Not Reverse ACTH-Induced Hypertension in the Rat

Mondo, Charles K; Zhang, Yi; De Macedo Possamai, Vinicius; Miao, Yuchun; Schyvens, Chris; McKenzie, Katja; Hu, Lexian; Guo, Zhijun; Whitworth, Judith
Fonte: Informa Healthcare Publicador: Informa Healthcare
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
We investigated the effect of antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-hypertension, Male Sprague-Dawley rats received NAC (10 mg/L) or water 4 days before ACTH/saline treatment for 13 days (prevention study). In a reversal

N-Acetylcysteine prevents but does not reverse dexamethasone-induced hypertension

Krug, Susanne; Zhang, Yi; Mori, Trevor A; Croft, Kevin D; Vickers, Janine; Langton, Leanne; Whitworth, Judith
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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66.29%
1. We have shown previously that N-acetylcysteine (NAC) prevents the increase in blood pressure induced by adrenocorticotropin treatment. The present study investigated the effect of NAC on dexamethasone (Dex)-induced hypertension. 2. Male Sprague-Dawley

Synthesis and stability studies of the glutathione and N-acetylcysteine adducts of an iminoquinone reactive intermediate generated in the biotransformation of 3-(N-phenylamino)propane-1,2-diol: implications for toxic oil syndrome

Martínez-Cabot, Anna; Morató, Anna; Messeguer Peypoch, Ángel
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 22195 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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66.43%
8 pages, 4 figures, 5 schemes.-- PMID: 16300381 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Nov 2005.-- Supporting information available at: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/tx050171n; Epidemiological studies have pointed to fatty acid mono- and diesters of 3-(N-phenylamino)propane-1,2-diol (PAP) as the biomarkers of the toxic oil batches that caused toxic oil syndrome (TOS), an intoxication episode that occurred in Spain in 1981, causing over 400 deaths and affecting more than 20000 people. The biotransformation of PAP administered intraperitoneally to two mouse strains produced potentially toxic metabolites. The identification of 3-(4‘-hydroxyphenylamino)propane-1,2-diol among those metabolites was important because the compound can generate the quinoneimine intermediate 2. The potential toxicity of quinoneimines has been attributed primarily to their electrophilic character. Accordingly, the reactions of 2 with N-acetylcysteine, N-acetylcysteine methyl ester, and GSH were investigated. Quinoneimine 2 reacts with the N-acetylcysteine methyl ester to give the expected conjugate as a major product, accompanied by the corresponding bis and tris adducts. The monoadduct, when isolated in pure form, undergoes spontaneous oxidation to generate a new quinoneimine intermediate...

S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine ameliorates ischemia-reperfusion injury in the steatotic liver

Andraus, Wellington; Souza, Gabriela Freitas Pereira de; Oliveira, Marcelo Ganzarolli de; Haddad, Luciana B. P.; Coelho, Ana Maria M.; Galvão, Flavio Henrique; Leitão, Regina Maria Cubero; D'Albuquerque, Luiz Augusto Carneiro; Machado, Marcel Cerqueira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
BACKGROUND: Steatosis is currently the most common chronic liver disease and it can aggravate ischemia-reperfusion (IR) lesions. We hypothesized that S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (SNAC), an NO donor component, can ameliorate cell damage from IR injury. In this paper, we report the effect of SNAC on liver IR in rats with normal livers compared to those with steatotic livers. METHODS: Thirty-four rats were divided into five groups: I (n=8), IR in normal liver; II (n=8), IR in normal liver with SNAC; III (n=9), IR in steatotic liver; IV (n=9), IR in steatotic liver with SNAC; and V (n=10), SHAN. Liver steatosis was achieved by administration of a protein-free diet. A SNAC solution was infused intraperitoneally for one hour, beginning 30 min. after partial (70%) liver ischemia. The volume of solution infused was 1 ml/100 g body weight. The animals were sacrificed four hours after reperfusion, and the liver and lung were removed for analysis. We assessed hepatic histology, mitochondrial respiration, oxidative stress (MDA), and pulmonary myeloperoxidase. RESULTS: All groups showed significant alterations compared with the group that received SHAN. The results from the steatotic SNAC group revealed a significant improvement in liver mitochondrial respiration and oxidative stress compared to the steatotic group without SNAC. No difference in myeloperoxidase was observed. Histological analysis revealed no difference between the non-steatotic groups. However...

Potentiation of dapsone induced methemoglobinemia by N-acetylcysteine in rats; Potencialização do efeito metemoglobinizante da dapsona em ratos pela N-acetilcisteína

Moraes, Natália Valadares de; Mello, Mauricio Homem de; Souza, Ana Maria de; Sampaio, Suely Vilela; Queiroz, Regina Helena Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2008 Português
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66.35%
Dapsone (DDS) (4,4'diaminodiphenylsulfone), the drug of choice for the treatment of leprosy, frequently induces hemolytic anemia and methemoglobinemia. N-hydroxylation, one of the major pathways of biotransformation, has been constantly related to the methemoglobinemia after the use of the drug. In order to prevent the dapsone-induced hemotoxicity, N-acetylcysteine, a drug precursor of glutathione, was administered in combination with DDS to male Wistar rats, weighting 220-240 g. The animals were then anaesthetized and blood was collected from the aorta for determination of plasma DDS concentration by HPLC, determination of methemoglobinemia and glutathione by spectrophotometry, and for biochemical and hematological parameters. Our results showed that N-acetylcysteine enhanced dapsone-induced methemoglobinemia due to increased dapsone plasmatic concentration and consequent increased N-hydroxylamine formation. We concluded that drug interactions with dapsone require individually studies in order to avoid undesirable effects of dapsone.; Dapsona (DDS) (4,4'diaminodifenilsulfona), fármaco de escolha para o tratamento da hanseníase, freqüentemente induz anemia hemolítica e metemoglobinemia. A N-hidroxilação, uma de suas principais vias de biotransformação...

N-acetylcysteine supplementation of HIV-infected patients under the first anti-retroviral treatment: Evaluation of the effect on viral load, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, β2-microglobulin, IgA, IgG, IgM, haptoglobin and α1-acid glycoprotein; Suplementação de N-acetilcisteína em pacientes infectados pelo HIV submetidos ao primeiro tratamento anti-retroviral: Avaliação do efeito sobre a carga viral, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, β2-microglobulina, IgA, IgG e IgM, haptoglobina e α1-glicoproteína ácida

Treitinger, Aricio; Reis, Macellus; Masokawa, Ivete Yoshiko; Verdi, Julio Cesar Vidal; Luiz, Magali Chaves; Silveira, Marietta Vander Sander; Ostroski, Stefani; Siqueira, Marcia Terezinha Voltato; Bernardini, Juçara Deitor; Spada, Celso; Abdalla, Dulcin
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Human immunodeficiency virus infection is associated with a progressive elevation of viral load and with a continuous destruction of the immune cellular defense system which is marked by immunological and inflammatory disorders characteristic of HIV-infected individuals. These alterations are characterized by elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 8 (IL-8), β2-microglobulin, IgA, IgG, IgM, haptoglobin and a1-acid glycoprotein. The goal of this double blind placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the effect of N-acetylcysteine supplementation on virological, immunological and inflammatory markers in 24 HIVinfected individuals who were taking their first anti-retroviral therapy. Eleven individuals were treated with anti-retroviral therapy plus placebo supplementation and thirteen were treated with anti-retroviral therapy plus 600 mg/day of Nacetylcysteine. The levels of the studied markers were evaluated at the day before and after 60, 120 and 180 days of treatment. In both groups a significant decrease in serum levels of TNF-α (p=0.0001), IL-6 (p>;0.05), IL-8 (p=0.0001), b2 microglobulin (p=0.0005), IgA (p=0.007), IgG (p=0.001), IgM (p=0.0001), haptoglobin (p=0.0001) e α1-acid glycoprotein (p=0.012) was found due to anti-retroviral therapy. N-acetylcysteine supplementation had no additive or synergistic effects on the studied parameters. In conclusion...