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From Gove to governance: reshaping Indigenous governance in the Northern Territory

Smith, Diane E
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 1973049 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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This paper attempts to identify the key challenges facing Indigenous people and governments in reshaping the architecture of Indigenous governance in the Territory, and considers some strategic options for a way forward. First, a brief historical background is provided to Indigenous governance and local government in the Northern Territory. It examines why the issue of Indigenous governance has become a focus for greater policy and public attention recently, and highlights the implications of historical and current policy changes for future governance arrangements. In the second part of the paper, more detailed attention is given to identifying and analysing the current challenges and issues that are influencing efforts to reshape Indigenous governance in the Northern Territory. The extent to which current initiatives address the broader attributes of strong governance is canvassed, and the solutions and processes involved are also examined. The key issues analysed include: • the state of community government; • the regionalisation of governance and service delivery; • the quest to establish a cultural match or process for governance; • the implications of Indigenous political aspirations and land rights for governance; • the suitability of the Local Government Act for future governance options; for future governance options; • the extent and role of governance education and capacity; and • the vexed issues of government funding and coordination. It is timely for the Northern Territory Government to comprehensively re-examine the suitability of current legislative...

The allocation and management of royalties under the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act: options for reform

Altman, Jon C.; Levitus, R
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 309200 bytes; application/pdf
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In response to post-war mining developments on Northern Territory Aboriginal reserves, policy innovations established the principles that a special rate of royalties could be levied on those developments and applied to the benefit of Northern Territory Aborigines, and that a proportion of those royalties should be reserved for the people of the area where mining was taking place. The Woodward Land Rights Commission accepted these two principles and also created Aboriginal land councils as a third class of beneficiary. The Commission thus proposed the 40/30/30 formula to govern the distribution of mining royalty equivalents (MREs) among these Aboriginal interests. From the inception of the Land Rights Act, the application of this formula has been beset by problems of logic, fairness and practicality. While changes to the financial provisions of the Act have been minor, only one element of this formula, the 30 per cent directed to areas affected by mining, has remained unchanged. Provision for supplementary funding of land councils has operated at the expense of general grants to Territory Aborigines. There is now, in the wake of the Reeves Review, an opportunity to re-think and amend the financial framework of the Land Rights Act. With respect to each class of beneficiary of MREs...

Geomorphology of the Lower Mary River Plains Northern Territory

Woodroffe, C.D; Mulrennan, M.E
Fonte: Australian National University North Australia Research Unit and the Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory Publicador: Australian National University North Australia Research Unit and the Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory
Tipo: Livro
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The Mary River is one of several large seasonal rivers which drain northwards into van Diemen Gulf in the Northern Territory. It has a catchment area of about 7700 square km. Most of its drainage is across a dissected, lateritised land surface, termed the Koolpinyah land surface, but near the coast it flows through extensive horizontal plains, covering about 1100 square km which are the subject of this study.; no

Constitutional foundations : reconciling a diversity of interests in a new Northern Territory constitution for the 21st century

Gray, Rick (comp.)
Fonte: North Australia Research Unit, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University Publicador: North Australia Research Unit, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University
Tipo: Livro
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The papers in this publication were delivered at the Conference, Constitutional Foundations: Reconciling a diversity of interests in a new Northern Territory Constitution for the 21st Century, held in Darwin, in the Northern Territory of Australia on 4-6 September 1997. The papers reflect, inter, alia a wide range of opinions and positions on the "Final Draft Constitution for the Northern Territory", that was tabled in the Northern Territory’s Legislative Assembly on 27 November 1996.; no

The greenhouse effect : science and policy in the Northern Territory, Australia

Moffatt, Ian
Fonte: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit Publicador: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit
Tipo: Livro
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"Initially this book was designed as a background paper for the Northern Territory decision-makers examining the greenhouse effect. However, it has developed into a wider ranging study which has three aims. First, it examines the likely impact of the greenhouse effect on Australia and especially on the Northern Territory. This requires some detailed discussion of the state of the science, including the uncertainties, which surround investigations into the greenhouse effect. Next it discusses briefly the role of science and policy making in this important area of concern. Third, the types of policies needed to meet the anticipated environmental changes affecting the Northern Territory are discussed." Introduction.; no

Federalism in the Northern Territory : statehood and Aboriginal political development

Gibbins, Roger
Fonte: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit Publicador: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit
Tipo: Livro
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Simply put, this study addresses the evolution of statehood and Aboriginal self-government within the Northern Territory of Australia. More specifically, it address the likely impact on Aboriginal interessts and aspirations within the Northern Territory.

Government-Business Relations between Eastern Indonesia and the Northern Territory

Fletcher, Christine
Fonte: North Australia Research Unit Publicador: North Australia Research Unit
Tipo: Livro
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This collection of essays concentrates on the scope for commercial cooperation between the Northern Territory and Eastern Indonesia, and the challenges confronting those seeking to exploit commercial opportunities. Contributors to this volume include the then Chief Minister of the Northern Territory, Hon. Shane Stone, senior government ministers, Australian and Indonesian government experts in Eastern Indonesia, anthropologists, economists, historians and business people. Papers identify the live cattle trade, mining, the Timor Gap, technology transfers, education and tourism as sectors in which The Northern Territory has a competitive advantage and which offer scope for further development of trade between Eastern Indonesia and Northern Australia. The authors demonstrate that opportunities for the Northern Territory in Eastern Indonesia lie in capitalising on three advantages: proximity, complementarities between economic sectors and appropriateness to the needs of Eastern Indonesia of the Northern Territory’s experience in applying new technology to harsh, remote and highly dispersed environments. In recognising the potential of the Asian market in the region, The Northern Territory is marketing itself as Australia’s future gateway to Asia...

Indigenous economic futures in the Northern Territory: the demographic and socioeconomic background

Taylor, John
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 406041 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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This paper examines 1996 and 2001 Census data to establish recent changes in Indigenous and non-Indigenous employment and income status in the Northern Territory. Also explored are some of the constraints and opportunities facing Indigenous people in their effort to increase their share of Territory income and raise their levels of participation in the labour market. The paper builds on previous analyses of Indigenous employment and income indicators for the Northern Territory, providing a window on recent trends in relative economic status. This time series is then extended by projecting the Indigenous workingage population and likely employment outcomes to 2011, in an attempt to estimate the scale of the task ahead for Indigenous people and governments as they attempt to raise Indigenous economic status. The findings suggest that the scale of this task is growing with time—Indigenous employment in the mainstream labour market is trending downwards along with the overall level of labour force participation, while the income gap between Indigenous and other Territory residents is widening. Given projected expansion of the working age population, the numbers in work need to rise just to keep the already low employment rate from falling further. The Northern Territory has a serious economic development problem—around one fifth of its resident adult population remains impoverished...

The Team at the Top: Ministers in the Northern Territory

Weller, Patrick; Sanders, Will
Fonte: ANU, North Australia Research Unit Publicador: ANU, North Australia Research Unit
Tipo: Book; Published Version Formato: 56 pp
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Monograph examines and discusses the nature government Ministers’ work and working environment in the Northern Territory, with conclusions especially centring on Ministers’ workload With this study the North Australia Research Unit introduces a new series of monographs designed for the publication of research on Northern Australian Topics. The monographs replace an earlier series, the North Australia Research Bulletin which is to be discontinued when number 8 is published during 1982. Other monographs in the new series which are at an advanced stage of preparation include Steven Thiele’s study of the Aboriginal-owned station, Yogul, in the Northern Territory, a report on the National Aboriginal Conference election in the Northern Territory in 1981, and a selection of papers dealing with service delivery to Aboriginal outstations from the Research Unit’s 1981 conference.

Almost Australians: the politics of Northern Territory self-government

Heatley, Alistair
Fonte: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit; http://naru.anu.edu.au/ Publicador: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit; http://naru.anu.edu.au/
Tipo: Book; Published Version
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This book grew out of my long-standing interest in Northern Territory politics and constitutional development and my association with statehood policy-formulation as a Ministerial Officer for the Chief Minister in 1986 and 1987. Both Chief Ministers for whom I worked, Ian Tuxworth and Steve Hatton, were supportive of my historical research and made available the resources that enabled me to assemble the necessary archival and interview material on which the book is based. While it should not need to be stated, the historical analysis and interpretation herein are mine alone. In any case, the bulk of the study deals with events antecedent to 1986. Many other people made this book possible, not all of whom I could possibly mention here. But, in particular, I would like to thank the fifty or so people - all in some way major participants in the politics of self-government and statehood - who freely offered their recollections and often documentary material. Without their involvement, such a recent historical process, constrained by the usual archival limitations, would have been difficult to deal with in any adequate academic way. My appreciation is also extended to all those people - in many depositories in both Canberra and Darwin - who assisted me with the location of relevant information. Finally...

Economic enterprises in Aboriginal Communities in the Northern Territory

Ellanna, Linda; Loveday, Peter; Stanley, Owen; Young, Elspeth
Fonte: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit; http://naru.anu.edu.au Publicador: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit; http://naru.anu.edu.au
Tipo: Book; Published Version Formato: 304 pages
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The objective of the present study was to identify opportunities for Aboriginal controlled economic enterprise in selected Aboriginal communi­ties in the Northern Territory. For this the following terms of reference were agreed to: 1. To determine the potential in specific Aboriginal communities and groups for (a) expanding any existing economic enter­prises, and (b) initiating new enterprises. 2. To identify different existing or possible forms for local management and control and to report on their appropriateness and accept­ability (e.g. by council, by cooperative, by private firm, by community association). 3. To assess the employment needs of projects and how these might be met. 4. To determine the character and extent of outside assistance that may be needed in respect of (a) training (b) capital and other resources such as equipment (c) managerial and technical expertise (d) marketing (e) funding, including government program funding and to identify sources from which this assistance may be obtained. These terms meant that it was necessary to ascertain the nature of economic systems (market and subsistence sectors) in contemporary Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory in light of potential economic enterprise development; and to determine the influence of Aboriginal demography and social and cultural institutions on the planning...

Budgeting for statehood in the Northern Territory

Fletcher, Christine; Walsh, Cliff
Fonte: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit; http://naru.anu.edu.au Publicador: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit; http://naru.anu.edu.au
Tipo: Book; Published Version Formato: 148 pages
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The theme of this important collection of essays is "Budgeting for Statehood in the Northern Territory". All of the contributors were asked to consider some of the unique aspects of the Northern Territory when studying the budgeting aspects associated with achieving Statehood. Constitutional development lies at the heart of this process.The Draft Constitution During the August 1996 sittings of Parliament in the Northern Territory, an historic occasion occurred with the tabling of the Territory's Draft Constitution. The document was the Final Draft Constitution as prepared by the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly Sessional Committee on Constitutional Development. It was with a great deal of pride that I tabled that historic document. For me, together with a dedicated group of people, it represented a decade's work. The constitutional process towards producing the draft document began in 1985 and drew support from a small group of Territory politicians from both sides of the Assembly, and their support staff. There was widespread community consultation and it was a slow, sometimes tedious, often frustrating process, involving much research, a lot of paper, many public hearings and submissions, and lengthy debate and deliberations within the Committee. In total...

Coastal Zone Management Northern Australia

Davie, J.D.S (ed.); Hanley, J.R (ed.); Russell, B.C (ed.)
Fonte: Northern Territory Branch of the Australian Marine Sciences Association and the North Australia Research Unit of the Australian National University Publicador: Northern Territory Branch of the Australian Marine Sciences Association and the North Australia Research Unit of the Australian National University
Tipo: Livro
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Coastal zone management is primarily about conservation of resources. As an objective, conservation must be viewed not only as a way of retaining what we have but also for creating what we want. In the Northern Territory, coastal environments are for the most part still unspoilt and very often near to original, except in localised areas. There is, therefore, an opportunity not existing elsewhere in the tropical world, to assess what we wish to plan towards and to establish the infrastructure by which such plans can be achieved.; Proceedings of a Workshop held in conjunction with the Conference on Coasts and Tidal Wetlands of the Australian Monsoon Region, Darwin, 4-11 November, 1984; no

Crocodylus Porosus of the Northern Territory: history contemporary issues, and the arguments concerning the viability of a crocodile safari industry

Landles-Dowling, Andrew
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Crocodiles in northern Australia have existed for centuries in relative domination. However, as this impressive beast was finally seen no longer as a nuisance but a potential goldmine to the westerners inhabiting northern Australia they proved no match for guns and traps. During the massive hunting periods of 1945 until their eventual protection by the Australian government in 1971 crocodiles were subject to unregulated hunts on such a large scale there seemed no chance for survival. After more than thirty years of protection by the commonwealth government the crocodile populations have recovered and almost matched their numbers previous to the unregulated hunting period of 1945-1971. As they once again become a strong presence in the Northern Territory the number of crocodile and human encounters have steadily increased forcing the Northern Territory government to take action. It is no longer safe to swim on the beautiful beaches in and around Darwin and some areas have become so densely populated with crocodiles they have been shutdown completely. The Cane Toad epidemic in northern and eastern Australia has also threatened the only natural predator of crocodiles, the goanna. Without goannas stealing eggs from crocodile nests the number of eggs to hatch increase and the possibility of the crocodile population growing exponentially is immense. The Northern Territory government proposed in its Management Plan for Crocodylus Porosus in the Northern Territory a possible crocodile safari industry. This decision was met with mixed opinions by the people of Australia and was eventual1y over ruled by Environment Minister Ian Campbell. Since this decision there has been active debate throughout Australia about the viability of a crocodile safari industry. The central focus of this report is to reveal the most recent arguments on both sides of the issue. The arguments against the creation of the industry mainly have ethical and emotional basis. The humanity of this industry is at the forefront of the debate because of the quick ability of crocodiles to escape when wounded...

Compensating the Northern Territory Stolen Generations: A Commonwealth Responsibility

Zhang, Linda
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Compensation for the Stolen Generations has remained a key recommendation for reparation and an issue of national and international concern. This report focuses on compensating those directly affected by past policies of forced removal in the Northern Territory. This report finds that monetary compensation is indeed due for the hurt and harm suffered by those removed. Removal constituted a fundamental breach of human rights and is now accepted as within the definition of cultural genocide. Issues relating to what happened once removed, whilst not the focus of this report are nonetheless important in representing the damage caused and the extent it has contributed to ongoing problems for individuals and communities. Over the past decade , the Government has taken a number of step s towards reconciliation including the national apology and funding for counselling and parenting services. Evidence however suggests that these measures have been inadequate in fully responding to the needs of the Stolen Generations. This report has collected and documented this evidence and concludes that there is strong moral and legal basis for providing compensation and that there is a growing urgency to resolve this issue as the Stolen Generations have little time left. A major element in this report as acknowledged in its title is the Commonwealth's responsibility for the Northern Territory. Detailed examination of the laws between 1911 and 1978 reveal the Commonwealth's intention to control the Northern Territory Indigenous population. Further...

Indigenous Student Engagement in the Northern Territory: The extent of disengagement from formal schooling and the underlying factors

Lobo, Jasmyne
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Although education is by no means a cure all for Indigenous disadvantage it is a very important part of ongoing efforts to 'close the gap'. In this context Indigenous engagement in formal education attracts a lot of interest as it appears crucial to closing the gap in education outcomes between Indigenous and non- Indigenous students. This report investigates the extent of Indigenous student disengagement from formal schooling in the Northern Territory and identifies the underlying factors. To achieve these stated aims an analysis of available data was conducted, academic perspective was canvassed through a literature review and an email questionnaire was circulated to practitioners in Australia and Canada in order to value-add to, and identify any oversights in, the data and literature. The main conclusion of this report is that in Australia, Indigenous student engagement has much unrealised potential. The conclusion drawn is supported by the main findings; these are: 1. The extent of Indigenous student engagement is very difficult to ascertain. This is as a result of the concept of engagement being complex, that only one aspect of engagement if officially measured and there is no complete, comparable and robust data set to underpinning the debate or decision making 2. Although not easily quantified...

An Ambivalent Hospitality: Aboriginal Senior Public Servants And The Representation Of Others In Australia's Self-Governing Northern Territory

Ganter, Elizabeth Joan
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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"How can you make decisions about Aboriginal people when you can’t even talk to the people you’ve got here that are blackfellas?" This question was posed by an Aboriginal senior public servant whom I interviewed for this research in 2007. She was imagining a conversation with the Northern Territory Public Service, whose invitation for Aborigines to join its departments provides the backdrop to my study. Counterposing the absent Aboriginal policy subject with the ever-present, idiomatic blackfella‘ public servant, the question aptly reframes the government expectation that an Aboriginal presence within the public service will represent the absent through Aborigines‘ numeric sufficiency, their location in the corridors of power and their contribution to Aboriginal policies and programs. This interviewee was insisting that she be heard, if her people were to be taken into account. This thesis begins with a history of Aboriginal employment in the Northern Territory administration which concludes that the unplanned accretion of a substantial number of Aboriginal public servants, in 1978, became the new Northern Territory Government‘s opportunity to legitimize itself as a representative bureaucracy. After reviewing empirical studies of representative bureaucracy and theories of political representation...

The Ngurratjuta Aboriginal Corporation: A model for understanding Northern Territory royalty associations

Altman, Jon C.; Smith, Diane E
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 310679 bytes; application/pdf
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Some 25 years after the implementation of the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 (ALRA) and with the legislation currently under review and 'at risk', as some have argued, it is timely to reconsider the class of organisation referred to as 'royalty associations'. This paper examines the organisational history, objectives, and activities of the oldest royalty association in the Northern Territory, the Ngurratjuta/Pmara Ntjarra Aboriginal Corporation (hereafter referred to as 'the NAC' or 'the Corporation') and presents key findings made by the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research's recent review of that organisation. The opportunities and challenges encountered by the NAC are described in order to highlight lessons relevant to all indigenous royalty associations.; yes

Point of order! the legistlative assembly of the Northern Territory 1974-1994

Jaensch, Dean; Wade-Marshall, Deborah
Fonte: Legistlative Assembly of the Northern Territory Publicador: Legistlative Assembly of the Northern Territory
Tipo: Book; Published Version Formato: 364 pages
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In 1992 I was pleased to conumss10n Dr Dean Jaensch and Deborah Wade­ Marshall to compile a history of the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory to celebrate its first 20 years and for the work to be published on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Legislative Assembly in November 1994. This period, 1974-1994, marks a time of important development of the Northern Territory as a body politic. The story unfolded in this volume is essentially one of progress which spans the inception of representative democracy achieved with the first fully-elected Assembly in 1974, the measure of responsible government gained at the time of self-government in 1978 to the commencement of the Seventh Assembly and the completion of the new Parliament House building. This important period of constitutional development has laid the foundation for the future Statehood for the Northern Territory. I believe that there would be no-one better qualified to write a history of the Northern Territory Parliament than Dr Jaensch. He has a long history as a commentator on Territory politics and electoral issues and is a distinguished researcher, editor and author on politics and political history. Dr Jaensch's work is complemented by Deborah Wade-Marshall's contribution. Deborah is a long-term Territorian with a sound background in research and she carried out her research and co-writing work on this book from the Parliamentary Library. The main purpose of this project is to attract the interest of Territorians in the work and role of the Legislative Assembly in its first 20 years. The finished work is a narrative and analytical study which will inform the present and future voters about how the Northern Territory Parliament operates and its central place in the constitutional development of the Northern Territory. This work is not only a comprehensive compendium of the history of the Assembly...

This paper is a critical analysis of Australian Government Indigenous housing initiativesover the past decade within the Northern Territory and future policy recommendations

Cook, Laura
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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This report is designed discuss and analyse the major Indigenous housing initiatives since the year 2000. The aim of this report is to establish what has been effective in regards to indigenous housing initiatives and how governments can provide the most effective housing for indigenous people living in remote communities. The information produced in this report will hopefully assist future policy officers in developing the most effective programs based on the successes and/or failures of past programs and anecdotal evidence. The motivation behind this report stems from the acknowledgement of the consistent mismanagement of various indigenous housing initiatives over the past decade. This mismanagement has existed in Commonwealth, State and local governments . Australia prides itself on its culture of mateship and giving everyone the opportunity for a 'fair go', however the majority of aboriginal Australians who live in remote and very remote communities are living in squalor. This issue should be at the forefront of the hearts and minds of Australian's, however it remains an issue that is constantly neglected and disappointingly enough for many Australian's is it a case of 'out of sight, out of mind'. While remote indigenous housing is neglected in other states...