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Avaliação das reações dos pais à internação do filho em unidade de terapia intensiva e desenvolvimento de uma proposta de apoio psicológico; Assessment of parents reactions to the admission of their child into an intensive care unit and development of a proposal of psychological support.

Baldini, Sonia Maria
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/02/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
Objetivos: Realizar uma avaliação das reações dos pais à internação do filho em unidade de terapia intensiva e desenvolver uma proposta de apoio psicológico. Casuística: Foram entrevistados 48 pais em unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica e 27 em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal, além dos pais que participaram nos grupos de pais. Métodos: 1) Realização de entrevistas semi-dirigidas com os pais, utilizando questionários previamente elaborados, à admissão do paciente e durante sua internação; 2) Avaliação do nível de ansiedade dos pais à internação do filho, pela aplicação do Inventário de ansiedade traço-estado; e 3) Realização de grupos de pais em unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica, com a participação de equipe multiprofissional. Resultados: Em ambas as unidades de terapia intensiva as reações mais freqüentemente citadas pelos pais ao início da internação foram de desespero e tristeza, e citaram as necessidades de apoio psicológico como as mais importantes neste momento. Os principais sentimentos relatados no decorrer da internação foram de preocupação, medo e tristeza, e a maioria dos pais em ambas as UTIs ficaram assustados com a aparência do filho. Os níveis de ansiedade mostraram-se significativamente elevados à ocasião da internação do filho...

Orientação de pais com filhos em processo de escolha profissional: uma intervenção em grupo operativo; Guiding of parents whose children are going through career choosing: an operative group intervention.

Almeida, Fabiana Hilario de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/06/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
Considerando o papel e a influência que os pais exercem no desenvolvimento vocacional de seus filhos, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar um procedimento de intervenção psicológica realizada com pais, cujos filhos adolescentes se encontravam em processo de escolha profissional. Os objetivos específicos propuseram-se a analisar o processo de intervenção grupal e investigar as percepções dos pais em relação ao processo de escolha profissional dos filhos e ao papel que desempenhavam nesse processo. Para isto, foram organizados o Grupo de Orientação de Pais e o Grupo Controle, com pais de jovens em atendimento no Serviço de Orientação Profissional do Centro de Pesquisa e Psicologia Aplicada, da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, USP. Foi aplicado nos dois grupos um questionário com questões abertas e fechadas. Realizou-se uma intervenção psicológica grupal com o Grupo de Orientação de Pais (n=22, 15 mães, 7 pais), com base no referencial teórico-metodológico de Grupo Operativo de Pichon-Rivière, coordenada pela psicóloga-pesquisadora e com colaboração de observadores realizando os registros das sessões. Ao todo foram oito sessões grupais, com periodicidade semanal, de uma hora e meia de duração e uma sessão individual...

Programa de acompanhamento a pais na intervenção fonoaudiológica em linguagem infantil; Monitoring program for parents in speech therapy with children's language

Gonçalves, Bianca Rodrigues Lopes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/07/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
A linguagem verbal é a forma de comunicação mais utilizada pelas pessoas para a transmissão de mensagem, expressão de pensamentos, sentimentos e inclusão no meio social. As crianças que possuem alterações de linguagem apresentam dificuldades para isto, inclusive com os seus pais. É imprescindível a participação dos pais na intervenção fonoaudiológica, pois o envolvimento permite que estes sejam propagadores e noticiadores dos conhecimentos que adquiriram sobre a alteração de linguagem do filho. Uma das maneiras de envolver os pais na intervenção fonoaudiológica é pela formação de grupos de pais. O objetivo principal dessa pesquisa foi descrever os efeitos de um programa de acompanhamento a pais concomitante à intervenção fonoaudiológica em crianças com atraso no desenvolvimento da linguagem e/ou distúrbio específico de linguagem. O objetivo secundário foi elaborar, implementar e avaliar um programa de acompanhamento a pais de crianças com atraso no desenvolvimento da linguagem e/ou distúrbio específico de linguagem. A pesquisa foi realizada na Clínica de Fonoaudiologia da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru da Universidade de São Paulo (FOB-USP) sob o protocolo do comitê de ética (56/2010). Os participantes foram 10 pais de 10 crianças de ambos os sexos...

The Social Networks of Foster Parents

Barbel, Paula A. ; Cote-Arsenault, Denise ; Kitzman, Harriet
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Rochester. School of Nursing. Dept. of Nursing, 2012.; Children and teens in foster care have higher rates of health, mental health and behavioral problems compared with children not in foster care. Foster parents are faced with the challenge of effectively parenting children in foster care, in order to achieve positive outcomes for these vulnerable children. However, foster parents often report feeling poorly supported in their role as foster parents in terms of resources and necessary systems supports. There is a paucity of studies exploring foster parent social networks and subsequent network supports. The purpose of this descriptive cross-sectional study was to explore the structure and function of the social networks of foster parents caring for children in foster care; and second, to examine the relationship between the dimensions of foster parent social networks, perceived quality of network support, parental competence, and parental representations. The sample consisted of 26 certified foster parents. Results of the study indicated that foster parents had small, fairly dense social networks. Caseworkers were the most important members of the foster parent formal social network system, while foster family members were the most important informal social network members. Findings of the current study indicate that foster parents often had missing ties to the educational...

Social support and mastery influence the association between stress and poor physical health in parents caring for children with developmental disabilities

Cantwell, Joanne; Muldoon, Orla T; Gallagher, Stephen
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
peer-reviewed; To date, much of the research linking the stress of caring for children with developmental disabilities (e.g. Autism & Down syndrome) with parental health outcomes have tended to concentrate on mental health with less attention paid to the physical health consequences. Thus, this study sought to explore the psychosocial predictors of poor physical health in these caring parents. One hundred and sixty-seven parents (109 caregivers and 58 control parents) completed measures of stress, child problem behaviours, social support, mastery and physical health. Parents of children with developmental disabilities had poorer physical health compared to control parents. Stress and mastery, but not social support and problem behaviours, were significant predictors of poor physical health within caring parents for children with developmental disabilities. However, the association between mastery and physical health was mediated by perceived stress such that those parents who were higher on mastery reported less stress and better physical health; furthermore, the association between stress and physical health was moderated by social support; those parents high on social support and low in stress had better physical health. These results indicate that the paths between psychosocial factors and poor physical health in the caring parents are working synergistically rather than in isolation. They also underscore the importance of providing multi-component interventions that offer a variety of psychosocial resources to meet the precise needs of the parents. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; ACCEPTED; peer-reviewed

"Time to care": relationship between time spent caring for pre-school children with developmental delays and psychological, social and physical well-being of parents.

Crettenden, Angela D.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Advances in medical technologies and changing philosophies of health care have led to a rapid increase in home-based care for children with disabilities. While there are cost savings for health services if children are cared for at home there are extensive additional demands on the time and resources of parents, particularly primary caregivers, who are usually mothers. Previous studies have shown that parents caring for children with disabilities experience considerable stress and increased rates of mental health problems. The present dissertation investigated the impact of caring on the daily lives of parents and in particular, a model proposing factors contributing to parental psychological, social and health outcomes. A preliminary qualitative study found time demands to be a core theme when discussing the consequences of caring, and when describing tasks of caring. A second, larger scale quantitative study focused on assessing the time constraints facing parents of children with developmental disabilities. Participants were 95 primary caregivers (mostly mothers) and 65 secondary caregivers (mostly fathers) of children (mean age = 4½ years) with developmental disabilities who were clients of the Early Childhood Service, part of Disability Services SA. Children‟s diagnoses included global developmental delay...

Children of parents with mental illness: parental disclosure, children’s illness beliefs and the development of a shared understanding of mental illness in the family.

Ferguson, Brooke
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
There is widespread agreement that children should be educated about a parent‘s mental illness. For this to occur there are a number of areas which require further research. To date, little is known about what parents themselves think about the disclosure of mental illness to their children. It is also unclear how the process of disclosure occurs in families with mental illness. Children‘s own knowledge of parental mental illness has not been systematically explored and it is not known what children know about aspects of their parent‘s illness. This thesis explored how families, where a parent has mental illness, discuss or do not discuss a parent‘s mental illness. This was explored from the perspective of different family members, including children whose parent has mental illness, the parent with mental illness, the partner of a parent with mental illness, ex-partners of parents with mental illness and step parents of children who have a parent with mental illness. Study One was an explorative qualitative study which aimed to examine parental beliefs about the disclosure of mental illness. Semi-structured, face to face interviews were conducted with parents (n= 26) regarding their thoughts about disclosure to their children about the mental illness of a parent. Participants included parents with mental illness...

Deaf Bilingual Education: A Comparison Of The Academic Performance Of Deaf Children Of Deaf Parents And Deaf Children Of Hearing Parents

Geeslin, Joseph David
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
Thesis (EdD) - Indiana University, School of Education, 2007; This study examined the impact of the bilingual/bicultural deaf educational (ASL/English) philosophy on academic performance. The academic performance of deaf and hard-of-hearing students (N-182) was made available from the Indiana School for the Deaf (ISD) which has adopted a bilingual philosophy. It has long been known that deaf children of deaf parents have had superior academic performance when compared with deaf children of hearing parents (Israelite, et al, 1989; Strong & Prinz, 2000; Wilbur, 2000). One would then predict that the espousal of the bilingual philosophy should raise the academic performance of deaf children of hearing parents, placing them on par with deaf children of deaf parents. This study used the bilingual/ESL framework of Nover, et al (1998) to examine the effectiveness of the bilingual/bicultural philosophy used at the Indiana School for the Deaf. The performance of deaf and hard-of-hearing students from the 1995-1996 and 2002- 2003 school years was collected, including Reading Comprehension and Total Language subtests of the SAT-HI. A significant reduction was found in the gap between the academic performance of deaf children of deaf parents and deaf children of hearing parents during the 2002-2003 school year. The results suggest that a school...

Évaluation de l’efficacité d’un programme d’entraînement parental pour les parents d’enfants souffrant d’anxiété de séparation

Mayer-Brien, Sandra
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
Le trouble d’anxiété de séparation (TAS) est le trouble anxieux le plus prévalent chez les enfants. Il apparaît tôt et entraîne plusieurs conséquences négatives. La thérapie cognitivo-comportementale (TCC) a été reconnue efficace pour traiter les troubles anxieux. Toutefois, peu d’études ont vérifié son efficacité pour le traitement spécifique du TAS et très peu en ont examiné l’effet auprès d’enfants de moins de 7 ans. Les quelques interventions étudiées visant les moins de 7 ans ont en commun d’inclure le parent dans le traitement ou de l’offrir directement à celui-ci. L’objectif principal de cette thèse est de vérifier l’efficacité d’un programme d’entraînement parental de type TCC, adapté pour les parents d’enfants de 4 à 7 ans souffrant de TAS. Cette étude vise également deux objectifs spécifiques : observer la fluctuation des symptômes de TAS de l’enfant pendant le traitement et examiner l’impact du programme sur les variables parentales. Un devis à cas unique à niveaux de base multiples a été utilisé. Six familles ont pris part à l’étude. Des entrevues semi-structurées, des questionnaires auto-administrés et des calepins d’auto-observations quotidiennes ont été utilisés auprès des parents pour mesurer les symptômes anxieux des enfants...

Trajectoires décisionnelles de parents d’un enfant ayant une condition médicale complexe

Chénard, Josée
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
Les progrès médicaux, technologiques et scientifiques réalisés au cours des dernières décennies permettent à de nombreux enfants de survivre à la prématurité, à la maladie ou à des traumatismes physiques. Certains survivent avec des problèmes de santé chroniques qui altèrent le fonctionnement de plusieurs organes. Certains doivent composer avec des incapacités physiques ou intellectuelles légères, modérées ou sévères et sont maintenus en situation de dépendance médico technologique dans un contexte où les services d’aide et le soutien à domicile ne répondent pas aux besoins réels des enfants et de leur famille. Ces avancées dans le champ de la santé offrent des choix auparavant inexistants : sauver ou non la vie de l’enfant? Ces nouvelles possibilités imposent aux parents des décisions parfois difficiles qui engagent des valeurs, des croyances et ont d’énormes conséquences pour les acteurs (l’enfant, ses parents, sa famille, les membres de l’équipe soignante et des professionnels), les institutions et toute la société. Ces choix renvoient à des visions des choses et du monde, à différentes conceptions de la vie et de la mort. En nous intéressant à la trajectoire décisionnelle de parents d’enfant atteint d’une condition médicale complexe...

A study on the role of the parent in educational decision making from the perspective of parents and teachers

Briscall, Monica A.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
ADeweyan (1916) democratic theoty ofeducation called for the participation ofall citizens in deliberating important educational issues to improve overall student learning. Thus, the move to include parents in educational decision making can be considered to be rooted in democratic principles. To gain greater insight into the issue ofparent involvement in educational decision making, one elementary school was studied and a triangulization method was employed in an attempt to clarify the important issues surrolUlding the move to include parents in the governance ofschools. The three methods to gain information included surveys, interviews, and documentation ofsignificant school events and related work. All ofthe parents and teachers ofthe school were surveyed, 10 parents and 6teachers were interviewed, and related school events were recorded. The survey design was modeled on the Parent Involvement Questionnaire (PIQ) created and reported on by Chavkin and Williams (1987). The results ofthe surveys were used as a guide for the interview questions. An interview outline was developed based on Seidman's (1991) open-ended approach and Patton's (1980) standardized open-ended interview style in which parents and teachers were asked about their experiences and opinions on anmnber ofparent involvement issues. Parents and teachers in this school indicated agreater interest in becoming more aware ofeducational issues such as school budget and school discipline policies. Although the parents indicated agreater interest in school matters and the teachers indicated awillingness to include parents in school matters...

Support Groups for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Predictors and Effects of Involvement

Clifford, Tessen
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
Support groups are an effective source of support in a number of populations (e.g., Beaudoin & Tao, 2007; Preyde & Ardal, 2003; Singer, et al., 1999). Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a particularly stressed group who can benefit from support (Blacher & McIntyre, 2006). These studies investigated: 1) predictors of participation in support groups for parents of children with ASD and 2) the effects of participation in an online support group for these parents. One hundred seventy-eight parents completed a series of online questionnaires measuring their beliefs about support groups and ASD, coping style, social support, mood, parenting stress, and their child’s autistic symptoms and daily functioning. Parents who were currently using parent support groups (PSGs) reported using more adaptive coping strategies than both parents who had never used PSGs and parents who had used PSGs in the past. Parents who had used PSGs in the past reported that they did not find the groups as beneficial as parents who were currently using them, and parents who had never participated in PSGs reported several issues with accessibility that made it difficult to participate in PSGs. A smaller group of parents (n = 36), who had participated in the first study...

STIGMA EXPERIENCED BY PARENTS OF ADULTS WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES

Sarkar, Ahana
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Background: Stigma can not only affect the stigmatized individual, but also those closely associated with that individual, such as parents. Parents are often in the role of primary caregivers for individuals with intellectual disabilities. However, few studies have looked at the experiences of stigma in parents of adults with intellectual disabilities. Objectives: Three objectives of the current study were to test the internal consistencies of three scales aimed to measure experiences of parents of adults with intellectual disabilities (two stigma scales and one scale looking at positive personal, perspective on life, and relational changes in parents), test the inter-correlation between the scales and describe the parents’ experiences. Methods: A self-administered survey containing the three scales was mailed to parents of adults with intellectual disabilities by agency staff on the investigators’ behalf. The participants were identified through a database of anonymized information about individuals with intellectual disabilities within the six counties of South Eastern Ontario. A total of 97 participants (parents) were eligible for the study. Results: The scale measuring positive changes experienced by parents had significant item non-response. However...

De l'aide au lien : des enfants adultes nous parlent de leurs parents âgés

Van Pevenage, Isabelle
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.74%
Cette thèse s’intéresse aux parents âgés et à l’implication de leurs enfants adultes lorsque le besoin d’aide se fait sentir. Plus précisément, il s’agit ici de comprendre la signification que les enfants adultes attribuent à ce qu’ils considèrent comme un besoin d’aide de la part de leur parent âgé. Elle s’inscrit à la croisée de trois champs sociologiques : le vieillissement, les relations et solidarités familiales, les aides aux personnes âgées dépendantes. La démarche a consisté, d’une part, à repérer dans le récit que nous livrent des enfants adultes à propos de leurs parents, les significations accordées de part et d’autre à ce qui peut apparaître, ou non, comme un besoin d’aide ; d’autre part, à approfondir la réflexion sur l’évolution complexe du lien entre les parents âgés et leurs enfants, dès lors que la frontière entre ce que l’on appelle « autonomie » et « dépendance » apparaît éminemment subjective. Trois questions spécifiques sont posées. Premièrement, comment les enfants conçoivent-ils l’autonomie de leur parent ? Comment parlent-ils de cette autonomie ? Deuxièmement, en quoi les types d’aide apportés aux parents considérés comme « autonomes » diffèrent-ils de ceux apportés aux parents considérés « en perte d’autonomie » ? Troisièmement...

Les relations entre les intervenants et les parents d'adultes ayant une déficience intellectuelle en contexte d'hébergement

Racine-Gagné, Marie-France
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
Dans le domaine de la déficience intellectuelle, des relations de nature partenariale entre les parents et les intervenants sont maintenant souhaitées. D’ailleurs, les avantages d’établir un partenariat dans les relations entre les parents et les intervenants ne sont plus à démontrer. Pourtant, les écrits portant sur ce sujet dressent un portrait où le partenariat est plutôt absent des relations entre les intervenants et les parents. En situation d’hébergement, le partenariat entre les parents et les intervenants est encore plus pertinent puisqu’il constitue un facteur influençant positivement l’implication des parents auprès de leur enfant ayant une déficience intellectuelle. Par contre, le sujet spécifique des relations entre les intervenants et les parents de personnes ayant une déficience intellectuelle en contexte d’hébergement a été peu exploré dans les écrits. Dans le cadre du présent mémoire, une recherche qualitative a été menée afin de connaître la perception de parents d’adultes ayant une déficience intellectuelle de leurs relations avec les intervenants dans un contexte d’hébergement. Dix parents ont donc été rencontrés en entrevue. Les objectifs de cette recherche étaient de qualifier...

L’implication des enfants en médiation familiale : le point de vue et l’expérience des parents dans un contexte de partage des responsabilités parentales

Richard, Vanessa
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
Cette recherche, de type exploratoire et descriptif, s’intéresse à l’expérience et au point de vue des parents à l’égard de l’implication directe de leurs enfants en médiation familiale. La méthodologie privilégiée pour réaliser cette étude est qualitative, et la perspective théorique utilisée est la phénoménologie. L’échantillon est constitué de huit parents, tous ayant participé à une entrevue semi-dirigée au sujet de l’implication de leurs enfants dans le processus de médiation familiale. Les données ont été recueillies entre le mois de mai et octobre 2013, et ont été analysées en s’appuyant sur la méthode d’analyse de contenu telle que proposée par L’Écuyer (1990) ainsi que Mayer et Deslauriers (2000). Il ressort de cette recherche que l’implication directe des enfants en médiation familiale a une influence considérable sur le processus. En effet, la majorité des participants de la présente étude ont rapporté que l’implication de leurs enfants a été déterminante afin de conclure une entente au sujet du partage des responsabilités parentales. Aussi, les résultats suggèrent que la majorité des participants ont vécu de manière positive la participation de leurs enfants et sont satisfaits des retombées de l’implication. Par contre...

Self-concept, academic performance and behavioral evaluation of the children of alcoholic parents

Zanoti-Jeronymo,Daniela Viganó; Carvalho,Ana Maria Pimenta
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
OBJECTIVE: It has been shown that being the child of an alcoholic is a risk factor for the development of alcoholism in adulthood. Due to the suffering caused by living with alcoholic parents, other vulnerabilities appear in such children. Among these are low self-esteem, poor academic performance and behavioral problems. This work aims to comparatively evaluate children of alcoholic parents and children of nonalcoholic parents. METHODS: The study design was quasi-experimental, involving two comparison groups. Two groups of 20 children were selected. The groups consisted of 10- to 12-year-old male and female children. One group comprised children of alcoholic parents, whereas the other comprised children of nonalcoholic parents. The self-concepts of these children were evaluated using the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale as well as the Academic Performance Test. Their mothers participated in the study by answering questions related to the behavior of their children on the Rutter A2 scale of Child Behavior. RESULTS: The results showed that the children of alcoholic parents tended to have more negative self-concepts and presented lower academic performance in reading and arithmetic than did children of nonalcoholic parents. Based on the responses given by the mothers...

Participação dos pais e mães na realização da lição de casa no Quebec e no Brasil; Parents' participation in the house's lesson accomplishment of the lesson in Quebec and in Brazil; Participation des parents à la réalisation des devoirs au Québec et au Brésil

Silva, Nilce da; Rousseau, Michel; Deslandes, Rollande
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Este artigo trata das razoes que levam os pais do Quebec e do Brasil a se envolverem com os deveres de casa dos seus filhos do ensino fundamental. Os autores pretendem verificar o calor preditivo de cada um dos motivos que fazem com que os pais se envolvam nesta tarefa segundo o modelo parental de Hoover-Dempsey e Sandler (1995, 1997), a saber: da compreensão que eles têm do seu papel como pais, do sentimento de competência que eles têm nesta direção e ainda da sua percepção frente aos convites dos professores dos seus filhos. As amostras foram compostas por 250 pais do Quebec e 71, do Brasil. Quaisquer que sejam as características das famílias, os pais do Quebec se implicam, sobretudo, se eles compreendem sua responsabilidade como pais enquanto que os brasileiros participam principalmente se eles se sentem competentes para tanto. Os resultados são discutidos levando em consideração as particularidades dos contextos estudados.; This article examines the reasons why parents in Quebec and in Brazil become involved in their children"s homework from 4th to 6th grade. The authors aim to verify the predictive value of each of the reasons that motivate parents to become involved in function of Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler (1995...

Estresse relacionado ao cuidado: o impacto do câncer infantil na vida dos pais; Estrés relacionado al cuidado: el impacto del cáncer infantil en la vida de los padres; Stress related to care: the impact of childhood cancer on the lives of parents

Alves, Daniela Fernanda dos Santos; Guirardello, Edinêis de Brito; Kurashima, Andréa Yamaguchi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
OBJETIVOS: o objetivo foi avaliar o nível de estresse dos pais de crianças com câncer e identificar correlações entre os dados sociodemográficos e os níveis de ansiedade. MÉTODO: trata-se de estudo descritivo, transversal, realizado em duas instituições brasileiras, com 101 pais de crianças com câncer. Por meio de entrevista, os pais responderam a dois instrumentos: Pediatric Inventory for Parents - versão brasileira, que avalia níveis de estresse, e Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado, para medida da ansiedade. As correlações entre os instrumentos e as variáveis sociodemográficas dos pais e das crianças foram avaliadas pelo coeficiente de correlação de Spearman. RESULTADOS: os maiores níveis de estresse e ansiedade foram evidenciados por pais jovens, de crianças pequenas e com menos tempo de diagnóstico. O medo da morte e do impacto da doença na vida da criança foram os eventos considerados mais estressantes para os pais. CONCLUSÕES: na prática clínica, o enfermeiro que consegue identificar a ocorrência desses sintomas torna-se capaz de planejar assistência de enfermagem que inclua a família nas decisões sobre o cuidado. Além disso, pode fornecer subsídios para auxiliar os pais a gerenciar seus níveis de estresse e enfrentar positivamente a doença dos seus filhos.; OBJETIVOS: El objetivo fue evaluar el nivel de estrés de los padres de niños con cáncer e identificar correlaciones entre los datos sociodemográficos y los niveles de ansiedad. MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal...

Managerial guidelines to support parents during the hospitalisation of their children in a private paediatric unit

Verwey,M; Jooste,K
Fonte: Curationis Publicador: Curationis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 Português
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The purpose of this article is to describe managerial guidelines to support parents with the hospitalisation of their child in a private paediatric unit. The hospitalisation of a child is regarded as a major stressor for both parents and child. The role of the family in participating in a child's illness is slowly being recognised (Kibel & Wagstaff, 2001:544), but the South African government per se has not yet issued any formal reports on parental participation in the hospitalisation process. The study explored and described • the nursing care experiences of parents regarding the hospitalisation of their child in a paediatric unit; • managerial guidelines to support parents with their lived experiences of their child's hospitalisation in a paediatric unit. To achieve the purpose and the objectives of the research, an interpretive-phenomenological qualitative approach was used in the research design and methods. Research was conducted through unstructured individual interviews, narrative diaries and field notes and data were analysed through open-coding (Tesch, 1990). Parents were asked to respond to the question "How did you experience your child's hospitalisation in the paediatric ward", followed by probing when the responses of the parents were ambiguous. Purposive sampling was used to achieve saturation of data and seven parents were interviewed and fifteen parents completed narrative diaries. The model of Lincoln and Guba (1985) was used to ensure trustworthiness. Ethical considerations were maintained throughout the study and consent was obtained from the respondents. The recommendations of the research were that attention should be given to 1) empowering parents to participate in their child's care; 2) guiding nursing personnel to plan the discharge process; 3) including parents in the unit routine; 4) fostering a trusting relationship with parents; 5) promoting the communication of information; and 6) creating a therapeutic environment for parents.