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Minimum wage in Indonesia = : Salário mínimo na Indonésia; Salário mínimo na Indonésia

Enung Yani Suryani Rukman
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
A Indonésia é um país que tem heterogeneidade em vários aspectos da vida, incluindo seus recursos, tais como fatores geográficos, sociais e econômicos. O emprego na Indonésia é um desses fatores interessantes a serem explorados. O salário mínimo é uma questão muito fundamental no emprego. Na Indonésia, a questão do salário mínimo não é apenas econômica, mas também envolve as questões políticas contidas em leis trabalhistas. Este estudo explora o salário mínimo na Indonésia durante várias épocas políticas: antes de 1980, em 1998 e 2010. Devido às limitações dos dados, estudo usa os dados selecionados que satisfazem os fins da presente pesquisa. A Indonésia ainda não tem um sistema de salário mínimo nacional. As evidências deste estudo sugerem que existem diferentes salários mínimos para cada província. Os dados analisados neste estudo avaliam o salário mínimo de quatro províncias em cada uma das regiões Oeste e Leste, e cinco províncias da região central da Indonésia, representando treze províncias fora da Indonésia de trinta e três, onde, quando combinados, abrangem mais de setenta por cento do total população. Alguns empregadores alegam que a fixação anual dos salários mínimos nas provinciais pode limitar a contratação e reduzir a força de trabalho...

Sequence polymorphisms in Pvs48/45 and Pvs47 gametocyte and gamete surface proteins in Plasmodium vivax isolated in Korea

Woo,Mi Kyung; Kim,Kyeong Ah; Kim,JuYeon; Oh,Jun Seo; Han,Eun Taek; An,Seong Soo A; Lim,Chae Seung
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%
Nucleotide sequence analyses of the Pvs48/45 and Pvs47 genes were conducted in 46 malaria patients from the Republic of Korea (ROK) (n = 40) and returning travellers from India (n = 3) and Indonesia (n = 3). The domain structures, which were based on cysteine residue position and secondary protein structure, were similar between Plasmodium vivax (Pvs48/45 and Pvs47) and Plasmodium falciparum (Pfs48/45 and Pfs47). In comparison to the Sal-1 reference strain (Pvs48/45, PVX_083235 and Pvs47, PVX_083240), Korean isolates revealed seven polymorphisms (E35K, H211N, K250N, D335Y, A376T, I380T and K418R) in Pvs48/45. These isolates could be divided into five haplotypes with the two major types having frequencies of 47.5% and 20%, respectivelfy. In Pvs47, 10 polymorphisms (F22L, F24L, K27E, D31N, V230I, M233I, E240D, I262T, I273M and A373V) were found and they could be divided into four haplotypes with one major type having a frequency of 75%. The Pvs48/45 isolates from India showed a unique amino acid substitution site (K26R). Compared to the Sal-1 and ROK isolates, the Pvs47 isolates from travellers returning from India and Indonesia had amino acid substitutions (S57T and I262K). The current data may contribute to the development of the malaria transmission-blocking vaccine in future clinical trials.

Establishing a laboratory network of influenza diagnosis in Indonesia: an experience from the avian flu (H5N1) outbreak

Setiawaty, Vivi; Pangesti, Krisna NA; Sampurno, Ondri D
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/08/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
Indonesia has been part of the global influenza surveillance since the establishment of a National Influenza Center (NIC) at the National Institute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD) by the Indonesian Ministry of Health in 1975. When the outbreak of avian influenza A (H5N1) occurred, the NIC and US Naval Medical Research Unit 2 were the only diagnostic laboratories equipped for etiology confirmation. The large geographical area of the Republic of Indonesia poses a real challenge to provide prompt and accurate diagnosis nationally. This was the main reason to establish a laboratory network for H5N1 diagnosis in Indonesia. Currently, 44 laboratories have been included in the network capable of performing polymerase chain reaction testing for influenza A. Diagnostic equipment and standard procedures of biosafety and biosecurity of handling specimens have been adopted largely from World Health Organization recommendations.

Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes : Corporate Governance Country Assessment, Republic of Indonesia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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55.75%
In reforming its corporate governance, and in establishing a rule-based business culture, Indonesia faces many challenges. The key challenges are as follows. Enforcement of laws and regulations needs to be strengthened. Administrative sanctions for violation of securities or disclosure rules may not be adequate. Efforts should be expended to ensure that corporate officials in the position of trust are held accountable when they violate the law. Sanctions should go beyond fines, and the incentive system should be changed so that violators are truly discouraged, and good corporate behavior is promoted. This requires strengthening enforcement capacity of Bapepam for securities violations, and its independence as the securities regulator. The Company Law should explicitly refer to the fiduciary duties of directors and managers for violation of securities laws. Current efforts to amend the Company Law need to be expedited. Further efforts should also be expended to develop alternative (non-judiciary) mechanisms...

Republic of Indonesia - Information, Knowledge, and Behavior

Cerdan-Infantes, Pedro; Filmer, Deon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
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55.76%
Improving education outcomes by disseminating information to parents and thereby encouraging them to become more actively engaged in school oversight is attractive since it can be done relatively cheaply. This study evaluates the impact of alternative approaches to disseminating information about a school grants program in Indonesia on parent knowledge about the program in general, knowledge about the implementation of the program in their child’s school, and participation in school activities related to the program as well as beyond it. Not all dissemination approaches yielded impacts, and different modes of dissemination conveyed different types of information best, resulting in different impacts on behavior. Specifically, the low-intensity approaches that were tried - sending a letter from the principal home with the child, or sending a colorful pamphlet home with the child - had no impact on knowledge or participation. On the other hand, holding a facilitated meeting with a range of school stakeholders or sending targeted short message services (SMSs) to parents did increase knowledge and participation. Facilitated meetings mostly increased overall knowledge and fostered a feeling of transparency on the part of parents...

Challenges to special autonomy in the province of Papua, Republic of Indonesia

Sullivan, Laurence
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 917423 bytes; 353 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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55.87%
This paper concerns the problems, particularly from the legal perspective, surrounding the implementation of Law No. 21/2001 on Special Autonomy for Papua Province -commonly referred to as Otsus, from its Bahasa Indonesia name of Otonomi Khusus. For one year I was based at the main state university in Papua, Cenderawasih University in Jayapura the Provincial Capital, assisting a group of academics involved in the drafting of regulations to implement Otsus. My background is that I was seconded from the Legal Office of the devolved Scottish Government to the British Council, the idea being that autonomy in Papua is the same as devolution in Scotland but with much better weather. My central point in this paper will be that Otsus in Papua is in a lot of trouble. In July 2003, more than 18 months after it became a valid law, an evaluation meeting in Jayapura involving the Provincial Government, a Minister from the Central Government (Manuel Kaisiepo, an indigenous Papuan) and other provincial stakeholders concluded that Otsus has been only 10% implemented. Responsibility for Otsus problems lies overwhelmingly with the central government in Jakarta. I will particularly focus on the Presidential Instruction (or INPRES) issued in January 2003 which divides Papua into three new Provinces. This division of Papua is known in Bahasa Indonesia as pemekaran.; AusAID; no

The technology transfer application in the Republic of Indonesia

Abubakar, Umar
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.95%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The main emphasis of this thesis is the examination of technology transfer from a theoretical perspective and comparison of this perspective with its application in the Republic of Indonesia. The elements of a transfer mechanism concept such as organization, project, documentation, distribution, linker, capacity, credibility,willingness and rewards are being used for the examination. The role of The Body of The Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) as the linker between the source of technology from foreign countries and technology users in Indonesia is observed in particular. It is concluded that the technology transfer process is being succesfully conducted from theoritical perspectives, and a recommendation is proposed to the BPPT and its associated linker networks in order to maintain its existing performance.

The implementation of special autonomy in West Papua, Indonesia problems and recommendations

Halmin, Muhammad Yusran.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 77 p. : ill. ;
Português
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45.87%
West Papua in the easternmost area of Indonesia has long been recognized as one of its most controversial provinces. Since its integration into the Republic of Indonesia in 1969, recurring controversy has colored many aspects of West Papuans' everyday lives and the province's relationship to the rest of Indonesia. The problems in West Papua are rooted in the way that it was originally integrated, which, according to some scholars, is "unacceptable". They argue that the Indonesian government manipulated the self-determination process and its results. The government, however, has always denied this claim, noting in its legal argumentation, for instance, the involvement of the United Nations and the international community in the process of self-determination, known as "The Act of Free Choice." Far from being resolved, the problems in West Papua have been exacerbated by the Indonesian government's policies, which rely heavily on a strict security approach in an effort to suppress the secessionist movement. As part of its attempt to address the problems comprehensively, the Indonesian government introduced a "special autonomy" bill for West Papua in late 2001. The bill, which was drafted mostly by indigenous West Papuans, passed the Indonesian parliament as Law No. 21 in November. Implementation of the law...

Armed forces and national development in the case of the Republic of Indonesia

Sukirno
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: vi, 58 p.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.05%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; As a modern organization, the military becomes aware of the need for transition and it often becomes an agent of change for society. In the context of national development the military represents a major institution in the country of Indonesia. Its enormous size has made it the most powerful and well-organized group within Indonesian society, imparting modern values to the still traditional milieu. Thus, the Indonesian Armed Forces have a double function of playing a central role of contributing to the nation's development, first, as a defense and security force and secondly, as a socio-political force. The Indonesian Armed Forces as a modern institution has significantly contributed to the development of the Republic of Indonesia. This thesis will contribute toward a better understanding of the role of the armed forces and their contribution to national development.; Commander, Indonesian Navy

End-User Computing development strategy for the Republic of Indonesia in the 90's

Prananto, Paulus
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xi, 122 p.
Português
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65.88%
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.; The policy on the development of defense and security for The Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia (ABRI) envisages the creation of a viable deterrent power through the effective use of all the components of ABRI as a relatively small but effective and efficient nucleus sustained by real national capabilities. It is therefore driving ABRI to realize better use of its resources. A pivotal factor in this goal is the investment in the information technology of the future, today. Within the information architecture, the growing phenomenon of End-User Computing (EUC) is recognized as a valid technological base for providing end-user support. The idea behind the EUC concept is to help encourage end-users produce information system applications more rapidly, more responsively, and more cost effectively than if these applications were developed by the Data Processing Center. However, EUC also introduces new organizational, managerial, and technical risks by propagating resources that are not easily controlled by traditional means. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the alternatives available to ABRI for developing EUC to match the organizational's goals, objectives, and strategies.; Lieutenant Colonel...

Ratios of geostrophic drag coefficients in the surface layer under various stability conditions.

Soewarso
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.62%
This thesis determines whether there are differences in earnings and productivity of active duty members in the Navy, based on dependent status. Using data collected from Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC), Bureau of Naval Medicine (BUMED), Military Traffic Management Office, and the Navy' Budgeting Office, a cost basis of individuals with and without dependents was constructed to see if there was an appreciable difference in costs. Several studies and surveys were then evaluated to determine if there was a noticeable difference in productivity or benefits for the Navy based on dependent status. The findings revealed a difference in the cost to the Navy but found little or no added productivity. Furthermore, even though the difference in pay was relatively small, it had a large effect on the morale of individuals. Based on these findings, an alternative proposal for a more equitable compensation system was developed. This new system would help maintain the highest morale, simplify current procedures, create future savings for the Navy, and continue to provide the majority of benefits to the member. This solution would not affect retirement pay or the tax burden of individuals or the Navy. (AN); http://www.archive.org/details/ratiosofgeostrop00soew; Republic of Indonesia Navy author.

Australia, Indonesia and the Papuan asylum seeker controversy

Cole, Rachelle
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
Indonesia, Australia and 43 Papuan asylum seekers The arrival of forty three Papuan asylum seekers at Cape York in January 2006, and the decision by the Australian government to grant the asylum seekers refugee status, propelled the Papuan issue to the forefront of public debate. Australia was accused of interfering in Indonesia's domestic affairs and boosting the separatist cause. The incident triggered considerable antagonism in Indonesia, culminating in a breakdown in diplomatic relations. The highly negative response is due to Indonesia's sensitive feelings about Papua and the distrust over Australia's intentions in the province. Indonesia's territorial integrity and the Importance of Papua Sensitivities over Papua can be attributed to insecurity over the ability of Indonesia's leaders to hold the enormous and diverse nation together. With over 300 different ethnic groups and more than 15,000 islands this is no easy task. This is clear in the rigorous nation building project .conducted by the first President Sukarno to create a shared sense of identity among people of the archipelago necessary to forge a modern nation state. The concept of Indonesia has come under serious challenge since independence. The first decade and a half were characterised by frequent conflict mainly based on dissatisfaction with the central government. After 30 years of authoritarian rule an explosion in regional conflicts occurred...

Pura Besakih : a study of Balinese religion and society

Stuart-Fox, David J.
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.75%
Pura Besakih is the paramount Hindu temple on the island of Bali, Indonesia. Its location on the slopes of the volcano Mt. Agung, the highest mountain on the island, reflects a tradition of regarding the mountain as a major locus of divinity. In Bali, the Lord of Mt. Agung is associated with Siwa (Mahadewa). Pura Besakih is the name given to a large complex of public temples located in the village of Besakih. Through a comparison of villages throughout the west Karangasem region (Besakih is one of the region's old core villages), the regional system of two main communal temples provides a framework for analyzing the system of dual classification underlying Besakih's public temples. However, other systems of symbolic classification group together certain other sets of temples. Data from written sources indicate that the five-part classification system is relatively recent in Besakih's history and marks the introduction of brahmanic ritual. An analysis of the rituals helds in the public temples develops the concepts of the hierarchy of ritual elaboration and the idiom of ritual. The relationship between levels of ritual elaboration and ritual cycles indicates the pre-eminence of rituals held according to the lunar cycle. Further analysis examines the relationship between levels of elaboration of rituals and their sources of funding. Rituals of the greatest elaboration are the responsibility of the state. Being the paramount Hindu temple on Bali...

Symbol of strength or symbol of weakness? The Lornbok Treaty and Australian foreign policy

Amos, Philip
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.02%
On the 13th November 2006, in Mataram on the island of Lombok, the Agreement between Australia and the Republic of Indonesia on the Framework for Security Cooperation (the Treaty) was signed by the Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer and his Indonesian counterpart Dr Hassan Wirajuda. The Treaty represents a renewal of formal treaty level security cooperation between the two states in traditional military and intelligence areas and non-traditional security areas including counter-terrorism, maritime security, aviation safety and security, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and emergency cooperation. The Treaty is a combination of practical measures to increase security cooperation and political measures to strengthen the bi-lateral relationship. Dividends from practical cooperation in traditional military areas and in combating regional terrorism and crime will advance the national interests of both states, while political dividends from obligations to support territorial integrity and refrain from support for separatism will serve to address ongoing fault lines in the bi-lateral relationship. By incorporating both practical and political dividends the Treaty reflects both the strengths and weaknesses of the bi-lateral relationship. The overwhelming majority of debate in Australia has been concerned with three areas that are the focus of this report: human rights...

The Australian-Indonesia security agreement: issues and prospects

Cipullo, Lucia
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
Australia and Indonesia are involved in a unique, complicated and volatile relationship. This relationship is highly conducive to periods of crisis, controversy, and cooperation. Yet despite their many differences, these two neighbouring countries are important strategic assets to one another. They live side by side in a tumultuous region, in an age where security challenges have broadened and are no longer bound by traditional state-based military threats. The Agreement between Australia and the Republic of Indonesia on the Framework for Security Cooperation is the latest development in this bilateral relationship and has been the subject of much controversy. The Agreement, which is also referred to as the Lombok Treaty, is being heralded as an innovative and forward-looking development, signifying a positive and symbolic step in the direction of a long and prosperous partnership. However, it has also been criticised for being ambiguous and negligent, and having the potential to cause future tensions. This report assesses select key issues surrounding the Lombok Treaty in light of past Australian-Indonesian relations. It provides an outline of the history and nature of the bilateral relationship, in order to demonstrate its turbulent character and to provide the background against which the Treaty was negotiated. The Lombok Treaty has been compared to its predecessor...

Republic of Indonesia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.83%
The Government of Moldova's Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (EGPRSP) lays out an ambitious plan for sustaining growth and poverty reduction and reshaping the government to meet the needs of a market economy. The public expenditures envisaged under this ambitious plan, however, vastly exceed the domestic resources available to the Government. Additional foreign budgetary support may help alleviate some of that resource constraint. Recognizing that the share of tax revenues and expenditures to GDP in Moldova already greatly exceed comparable international levels, generating additional domestic tax resources risks crowding out the private sector and undermining growth prospects. This suggests that in order to finance higher order public expenditures priorities, the Government needs to create fiscal space from within the existing resource envelope. This will require inter and intra-sectoral reallocation of expenditures and an increase in the efficiency of public spending rather than increasing the relative size of government.

A Practical Guide to Managing Systemic Financial Crises : A Review of Approaches Taken in Indonesia, The Republic of Korea, and Thailand

Scott, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
The author examines experiences in Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, and Thailand in confronting systemic financial crises during the 1990s. He draws on the knowledge and experience of World Bank staff who managed the Bank's financial and technical assistance to those countries. In reviewing the principal actions taken by the governments to resolve the crises, the author describes key challenges that governments face in tackling crises, defines basic guidelines and principles for responding to those challenges, and proposes steps to improve the ability of governments to deal with crises when they do occur, as well as to mitigate the risk of crises in the first place. The author addresses matters such as the provision of liquidity, institutional arrangements for crisis resolution, use of public funds, diagnosis of problems, resolution, recapitalization, restructuring of banks, privatization of banks, restructuring of troubled debt, and use of asset management companies. He goes on to develop the conceptual underpinnings for two fundamental improvements in crisis management practices...

Análisis de la actuación de la Autoridad Ejecutiva Temporal de las Naciones Unidas – (UNTEA) en la protección de los derechos políticos de los grupos vulnerables. Estudio de caso: Adhesión de Papúa Occidental a Indonesia (1962-1969)

Ponce Gámez, María Claudia
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/09/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
Estudio de caso en el análisis de la situación afrontada por la población de Papúa Occidental durante el periodo de 1962-1969, época en la que la nueva República de Indonesia y Holanda se disputaban la soberanía sobre el territorio papuano. Dicha disputa tuvo lugar durante la época de Guerra Fría, lo que llevó a que Estados Unidos junto con sus aliados en la región y la Unión Soviética intervinieran en él. Finalmente, Estados Unidos teniendo en cuenta sus intereses favoreció a la República de Indonesia y obligó a Holanda firmar el Acuerdo de Nueva York, en el que se establecía que sería la Autoridad Ejecutiva Temporal de las Naciones Unidas quien administrara y preparara el territorio para un futuro Acto de Libre Elección. En cualquiera que fuese el panorama, las Naciones Unidas no cumplieron con lo establecido en el Acuerdo lo que llevó a que fueran condescendientes con todas las peticiones indonesias sin tener en cuenta los deseos y los derechos de la población papuana, violándose su derecho de auto-determinación de los pueblos.; Case study analyzing the situation faced by the population of West Papua during 1962-1960, a period in which the new Republic of Indonesia and the Netherlands disputed sovereignty over the territory. This dispute took place during the Cold War and led to the involvement of the United States...

Expanding Access to Early Childhood Development Using Interactive Audio Instruction; Guidelines for Program Design and Reportback on Prototyping in the Democratic Republic of Congo

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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55.74%
A large body of solid evidence demonstrates the significant effects of early childhood education and development (ECED) interventions on children’s success in school, long-term social integration, and improved life chances. Interactive audio instruction (IAI) provides one solution to the challenge of providing high quality ECE at scale and at reasonable costs. The IAI medium allows for the development and delivery of both teacher and caregiver training and direct instruction, using best practices in ECE, and has demonstrated powerful results in contexts as diverse as Honduras, Nepal, El Salvador, Indonesia, Zanzibar, Malawi, and Paraguay. The document outlines a general approach to high-quality IAI production for ECD, and uses the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) case study to detail the development process. It also provides technical recommendations for how to scale-up production and delivery in the DRC and considerations for program adaptation in other similar contexts, including an outline of necessary steps and components...

Country Partnership Framework for the Republic of Indonesia for the Period FY16 - FY20

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Country Focus :: Country Assistance Strategy Document
Português
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55.83%
Seventy years after independence and more than a decade of political and institutional reforms, Indonesia has emerged as a stable democracy. Indonesia’s achievements are now under stress, with a slowdown in its commodity driven economy, stagnant rates of poverty reduction, and rapidly rising inequality. The development policy review, completed in 2014, and the systematic country diagnostic (SCD), completed in 2015, explain the limited window of opportunity for Indonesia to reach high per capita income levels. This country partnership framework (CPF), covering the period FY2016-20, builds on the previous country partnership strategy (CPS) FY2013-15 and the long-term operational and policy-based support that has been a hallmark of World Bank Group’s (WBG’s) engagement with the Government of India (GoI) for the past decade. The CPF concentrates on areas of infrastructure necessary to better connect the economy, provide sustainable energy, help the country reap benefits from the rapid pace of urbanization, and improve equality of opportunity through better access of the poor and vulnerable to essential water and sanitation services. The CPF will seek to maximize synergies across the WBG and take advantage of all instruments in support of the CPF goals. The CPF will require a larger financing package than the previous CPS...