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Local sustainability indicators in Portugal: assessing implementation and use in governance contexts

Pires, Sara Moreno; Fidélis, Teresa
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
This paper assesses the implementation and use of sustainability indicators (SI) in local governance contexts in Portugal. The need to analyse the development of local SI is considered critical, given the lack of research on the understanding of how, when and by whom SI are implemented and used, particularly in the Portuguese local governance context. The first aim of this article is to map experiences of SI in Portugal by assessing how many local councils developed indicator systems and when, and the major driving-forces and general features of those systems. The second aim is to analyse and compare 7 case studies, in further detail, to explore the governance factors that influence indicator success and how indicators are used within local contexts. Two particular conceptual frameworks were applied to structure research and analysis. Based on a national survey and case study methodology, findings reveal that local SI in Portugal are still in early stages of development. Where SI have been designed earlier, there has been a lack of political commitment and vision, and a need to overcome local government malfunctioning more than the complex obstacles of sustainable development governance. Applying both conceptual frameworks enabled to present critical lessons on the relationship among governance factors and types of uses when implementing SI in Portugal and to suggest the value of this integrated analysis for other governance contexts.

Proposição de um framework para identificação de práticas de sustentabilidade social em cadeias de suprimento: uma aplicação no setor sucroenergético; Proposition of a framework for identifying social sustainability practices in supply chains: an application in sugarcane industry

Schiavon, Luís Carlos de Marino
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.54%
O enfoque de sustentabilidade em cadeias de suprimento tem recebido atenção crescente na área acadêmica e no meio empresarial, nos últimos anos. A pesquisa acadêmica sobre sustentabilidade em cadeias de suprimento iniciou-se há aproximadamente uma década e a literatura aponta carência de abordagem sobre a dimensão social da sustentabilidade, com recomendação para o desenvolvimento de frameworks específicos para identificar práticas de sustentabilidade social em cadeias de suprimento. Visando contribuir para o preenchimento desta lacuna, tem-se como objetivo desenvolver e verificar a eficácia de um framework para esta finalidade. Tendo-se como referência uma revisão de literatura, propõe-se um framework composto por critérios e indicadores, que abrange a empresa produtora de bens e/ou serviços, fornecedores, distribuidores, atacadistas, stakeholders, comunidades e clientes. Para viabilizar a aplicação prática do framework, busca-se propor indicadores que sejam ao mesmo tempo, relevantes e simples. A aplicação do framework é realizada em uma cadeia de suprimento formada por três empresas do setor sucroenergético, que foi escolhido em função da representatividade desta atividade na economia brasileira, pelo volume significativo de mão de obra empregada...

A contribution for the understanding and measurement of production sustainability; Uma contribuição para a compreensão e medição da sustentabilidade da produção

Lago, David Rodríguez
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Engenharia e Gestão Industrial; Sustainability is an imperative of present and future production activity. Sustainability is concerned with the environment protection, safety and welfare of present and future generations. Business success, both in manufacturing and services, must be measured against results contributing to sustainability. This means that business practices must be based on strategies that assertively address not only economic issues but also social and environmental ones, the three dimensions being referred as the triple-bottom-line approach (TBL). A company must therefore strive to measure and evaluate its sustainability stand and the effects of strategies on sustainability evolution on the TBL dimensions. In the literature there are a lot of studies, guidelines and recommendations on sustainability of companies and production and sustainability reporting, but apparently there is a serious difficulty in measuring the sustainability stand and evolution of companies and production dependent on strategies, and therefore difficulty to manage production activity towards sustainability. This dissertation gives an overview of the available literature on sustainability of companies...

Decision-making frameworks for controversial public decision processes: A comparative analysis with a case study

Gonçalves, Vasco B.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em 13/11/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Abstract Earlier approaches and most current practices of project evaluation are still driven mainly by technical and economic concerns and do not incorporate environmental or social issues. Therefore, they have failed to account for sustainability concerns in the evaluation of major projects with environmental impacts. In this paper we develop a comparative analysis of three new decision-making frameworks for the assessment of the sustainability of these projects. We analyse similitudes and differences, regarding their theoretical base, objectives, overarching issues and operational implementation, aiming to reveal the main issues of the evaluation process. We also present a case study, with the critical analysis of the ex-post evaluation process of the Alqueva dam multipurpose project based on the comparative analysis of the methodological frameworks presented. The aim is to illustrate the relevance of these methodologies for the improvement of the evaluation processes vis à vis more traditional practices.

Environmental Sustainability : An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
The purpose of this evaluation is threefold. First, it seeks to assess how, and how well, the World Bank Group has supported its public and private sector clients in their efforts to achieve greater environmental sustainability over the past 15 years. Second, it attempts to identify the principal external and internal constraints on Bank Group effectiveness. And third, it seeks to suggest how some of these constraints, particularly the internal ones, can be reduced.

The Fiscal Management of Natural Resource Revenues in a Developing Country Setting (or How to Design a Fiscal Rule If You Are Not Norway)

Eckardt, Sebastian; Sarsenov, Ilyas; Thomas, Mark Roland
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
The exhaustibility and volatility of natural resource revenues pose well-known economic challenges, of which those facing oil producers are the most prominent. If oil revenues represent an important share of export earnings and of government revenues, then they can be part of overheating during booms and costly adjustments during downturns, making fiscal policy exacerbate volatility. At the same time, considerations of intergenerational equity suggest that fiscal policy should also preserve part of current oil revenues for future generations. To address both of these challenges, resource-rich countries commonly establish commodity funds, into which part of their resource-linked revenues are deposited and invested in income-generating assets (usually offshore financial assets). A key question in designing such funds is what share of current revenues should be spent and what share saved. Based on recent advisory services offered to the Ministry of Economy and Trade in Kazakhstan, this note summarizes one possible approach...

Background Paper on Government Tools for Sector Sustainability

Eftimie, Adriana; Stanley, Michael
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
This chapter examines overarching mineral policies and mining laws to identify current trends in mineral development that contribute towards sustainable development. From those trends key components are defined that, if embedded in overarching policy and legal instruments, becomes tools of sustainability.

The Quality of Results Frameworks in Development Policy Operations

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
The objective of this review is to synthesize existing evaluative evidence and generate new evidence on the quality of the Results Frameworks (RFs) of development policy operations (DPOs). The study is organized around a number of evaluative questions on various aspects of DPO design, implementation, reporting, and evaluation. Its focus is on the quality of RF, taking objectives and coverage for granted. The study does not cover the scope and coverage of reform programs underpinning DPOs, including the relevance of objectives, or the choice of policy areas and the links between DPOs and country assistance strategies. It generally does not look at program achievements and outcomes, except in cases when it is required for assessing the quality of prior actions (PAs). The structure of the review is: chapter one presents the methodology; chapter two has the findings with respect to the presentation and clarity of RFs; chapter three discusses evidence of the quality of PAs and their contribution to the robustness of RFs; chapter four discusses findings with respect to the use of programmatic approach in DPOs relevant for RFs; chapter five discusses strengths and weaknesses in the ME framework of DPOs; chapter six discusses reporting of DPO results at completion and implications for IEG validation and evaluation of DPOs.

Quality of Macro-Fiscal Frameworks in Development Policy Operations

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.66%
The report is part of a series of learning products with limited objectives geared towards synthesizing existing knowledge as well as learning and gaining new insights into the factors that influence design, policy implementation, and performance of development policy loans. It aims to provide fresh insights and build on previous evaluations of Bank investment projects and research and analytical work (for example, recent independent evaluation group (IEG) work on development policy operations (DPOs) includes the evaluation of poverty reduction support credits (PRSCs), first and second financial crisis evaluations (which examined crisis DPOs), recent operations policy and country services (OPCS) DPO retrospectives, and new research presented in this report on aspects of DPOs using a combination of approaches). The quality of macro frameworks in DPOs alone has not been subject of in-depth study. This report aims to contribute to filling that gap with a: (i) preliminary analysis of the quality of macro-fiscal frameworks in DPOs...

Monitoring systems for sustainability : what are they measuring?

Davidson, Kathryn
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
This thesis investigates how governments, corporations, and international non-government organisations conceive of, and report on sustainability. The development of sustainability reporting frameworks in Australia is critically compared with international models. The study seeks to discover whether sustainability indicators in the Australian context are derived from an epistemologically consistent framework. It is argued that the validity of current sustainability reporting systems is contestable. Reporting systems for sustainability have been a key policy response by international organisations, governments, and corporations to emerging environmental, social and economic crises over the past decade. However, the challenge in developing sustainability measurement and monitoring tools is made difficult because the notion of sustainability is a contested concept. The most commonly quoted definition of sustainability from the Brundtland Report lacks the required conceptual clarity to inform how it could be measured. Moreover, the sustainability debate incorporates an array of approaches influenced by various theoretical frameworks. A lack of an operational definition of sustainability creates uncertainty surrounding the interpretation of sustainability and therefore confounds its measurement. Conversely...

Sustainability decision-making frameworks and the application of systems thinking: An urban context

Davidson, K.; Venning, J.
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
The literature cites the importance of systems thinking to operationalise sustainability. However, the application of a systems approach for sustainable development is not widely applied. The failure to take advantage of systems thinking results in decision-making processes being less effective than they could be. As the complexity of decision-making for built environment professionals becomes more challenging with increasing pressures, such as population, climate change and greater resource use efficiency, more robust frameworks are required to inform decisions-making processes for a sustainable future. This paper proposes a decision-making framework for sustainability embedded within an interpretative approach to systems thinking. This conceptual framework is applied to evaluate planning/development decision-making processes for sustainability available within the public domain.; Kathryn M. Davidson and Jackie Venning

Life cycle sustainability assessment in the context of sustainability science progress (part 2)

SALA SERENELLA; FARIOLI Francesca; ZAMAGNI A.
Fonte: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG Publicador: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
Background, aim and scope. In the context of progress of sustainability science, Life Cycle Thinking and, in particular, Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment may play a crucial role. Environmental, economic and social implications of the whole supply-chain of products, both goods and services, their use, and waste management, i.e. their entire life cycle from "cradle to grave" have to be considered to achieve more sustainable production and consumption patterns. Progress toward sustainability requires enhancing the methodologies for integrated assessment and mainstreaming of LCT from product development to strategic policy support. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC) and Social Life Cycle Assessment (sLCA) already attempt to cover sustainability pillars, notwithstanding different levels of methodological development. An increasing concern on how to deal with the complexity of sustainability has promoted the development of Life Cycle Sustainability frameworks. As a contribution to the on-going discussion in the year of Rio+20 conference, this paper aims to discuss the state of the art of LCSA, giving recommendations for its further development in line with ontological, epistemological and methodological aspects of sustainability science. Methodology Building on the review about the state of the art of sustainability science and sustainability assessment methods presented in Part I...

A climate for change: an exploration towards Integral Action Loops to apply our knowledge for sustainability success.

Divecha, Simon
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
A Climate for Change addresses an integration gap - how do we make sense of sustainability and the multiple perspectives on it? It does this through four major steps. First, I introduce meta-theory and a particular type of it, integral theory. Steps two and three draw on action logics then common pool resource research to examine case studies. Finally, these areas are analysed together - the results from the case study correlations, and the meta-theory analysis, are structured through integral theory with loop learning. At the heart of the investigation are questions of appropriate interventions and theory. In the face of multiple sustainability perspectives and practices, how can we take effective action to meet the demands we face? An lntegral Action Loop framework is proposed as a mechanism to understand important catalysts, fulcra that can be focused on. The scales of consideration associated with sustainability are, necessarily, expansive – from politics, cultures and across institutions, to governance and multinational corporations, global, local and individual considerations. That is, the range of theory is vast. At the same time, I would argue we need practical results to assist us with sustainability transformations. Consequently...

Valuing sustainable food and fibre : implications for integrated supply chain approaches to sustainability

Ecker, Saan
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
The social life of food and fibre production and consumption is often overlooked in efforts to develop policy and programs aimed at shifting to more resource efficient and environmentally and socially benign food and fibre systems. Issues of economic survival, lifestyle influences, values, identity and empowerment contribute as much to the complexity of sustainable production and consumption as do product life cycle issues such as water and energy efficiency, soil management and dealing with waste. That production and consumption is socially constructed, within the environmental and economic context, is well accepted. Emerging social research approaches that consider entire systems of food and fibre production and consumption are transcending segmented approaches focusing on either production or consumption. Understanding the extent to which production defines consumption and consumption defines production is an important element in the development of sustainable food and fibre systems. The aim of this study was to investigate potential frameworks for implementing whole of supply chain approaches to addressing the environmental and social sustainability issues associated with food and fibre production and consumption. This approach is based on the philosophy that all supply chain actors...

Safeguards and Sustainability Policies in a Changing World : An Independent Evaluation of World Bank Group Experience

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
The World Bank Group's (WBG) safeguards and sustainability policies were put in place to prevent or mitigate adverse impacts of its projects on people and the environment. These goals remain critical given current environmental and social trends. Recent global experience in the financial and environmental arenas demonstrates clearly the need to put in place and enforce regulatory frameworks that balance costs and benefits, both private and social. This evaluation looks, for the first time, at the full set of safeguards and sustainability policies used in the WBG including the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA). The findings are intended to inform ongoing reviews of policies and strategies across the WBG, with an eye toward greater effectiveness in achieving environmental and social outcomes.

Evaluative Directions for the World Bank Group's Safeguards and Sustainability Policies

Dani, Anis; Freeman, Ade; Thomas, Vinod
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
The financial and food crises are reminders of the growing challenges countries face in sustaining economic growth and lifting the living standards of the poor. Equally, the emerging impacts of global warming on natural disasters and on agriculture are warning signs of the urgency to care for the environment and society. Recent global experience in the financial and environmental arenas demonstrates clearly the need to put in place and enforce regulatory frameworks that balance costs and benefits, both private and social. In this context, the crucial questions in the recent evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) of the World Bank Group's safeguards and sustainability policy framework concern the effectiveness of the instrument in mitigating adverse environmental and social impacts of development programs, and suggesting ways to improve the results. IEG's evaluation covered projects approved from FY1999 to FY2008. During this period, social and environmental effects were significant in half of World Bank projects 1...

Sustainability of Changing Agricultural Systems in the Coastal Zone of Bangladesh

Talukder, Byomkesh
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
Transformations of the various agricultural systems have been taking place in the coastal zone of Bangladesh. While some farmers continue to follow traditional practices, in recent years, others have become involved in massive shrimp cultivation, shrimp-rice cultivation, a rice-based improved agricultural system or a shrimp-rice-vegetable integrated system. All these types of agriculture are being practiced under highly vulnerable environmental conditions. The long-term livelihood, food security and adaptation of the coastal people largely depend on the sustainability of these agricultural practices. In this context, assessing the level of sustainability is extremely important and will be essential for developing future policy options in Bangladesh. This study attempts to examine the sustainability of agricultural practices in the coastal region of Bangladesh. A field study was carried out in 2011 in five villages of five upazilas in the mature and active delta areas of the country. The data were collected through in-depth questionnaire surveys, focus groups discussions, field observation, key informants and secondary materials. A comprehensive suite of indicators was developed considering productivity, efficiency, stability, durability...

Ubiquitous sensorization for multimodal assessment of driving patterns

Silva, Fábio; Analide, Cesar; Gonçalves, Celestino; Sarmento, João
Fonte: Springer Verlag Publicador: Springer Verlag
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em /05/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Sustainability issues and sustainable behaviours are becoming concerns of increasing signi cance in our society. In the case of transportation systems, it would be important to know the impact of a given driving behaviour over sustainability factors. This paper describes a system that integrates ubiquitous mobile sensors available on devices such as smartphones, intelligent wristbands and smartwatches, in order to determine and classify driving patterns and to assess driving e ficiency and driver's moods. It first identi fies the main attributes for contextual information, with relevance to driving analysis. Next, it describes how to obtain that information from ubiquitous mobile sensors, usually carried by drivers. Finally, it addresses the multimodal assessment process which produces the analysis of driving patterns and the classi cation of driving moods, promoting the identifi cation of either regular or aggressive driving patterns, and the classi fication of mood types between aggressive and relaxed. Such an approach enables ubiquitous sensing of personal driving patterns across diff erent vehicles, which can be used in sustainability frameworks, driving alerts and recommendation systems.; This work is part-funded by ERDF - European Regional Development Fund through the COMPETE Programme (operational programme for competitiveness) and by National Funds through the FCT Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) within project FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-028980 (PTDC/EEI-SII/1386/2012). It is also supported by a doctoral grant...

A Framework for Inter-Firm Sustainability Collaboration: Evidence From the Global Apparel and Footwear Sector

Murphy, Alison Joy
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 23/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Corporate sustainability has matured, evolved, and expanded in scope, however social and environmental issues continue to persist globally. Many firms now recognize that inter-firm collaboration is a cost-effective way to address systemic issues that are bigger than any one firm, and unlock the shared value that comes with systemic change. There are many examples where firms have worked together in collaborative relationships, only to fall short of their goals due to competitive self-interest, a shortage of trust, and the absence of a fully shared purpose. These successes and failures beg the question as to why some collaborative groups are more effective and create more value than others. To examine this question more deeply, we looked at collaboration in the global apparel and footwear sector. The sector’s widespread impacts are associated with rapidly changing market forces, including downward pressure on production costs, geographically dispersed production, high pricing volatility, low market predictability, and typically low profit margins. The highly integrated, complex, and competitive industry results in a downward spiral of quality, labor standards, and environmental pollution. Despite significant action and investment by firms...

Tourism and the environment in small island developing states: Development of a new framework for assessing sustainability

Kimmel, Katie
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
Title: Tourism and the Environment in Small Island Developing States: Development of a New Framework for Assessing Sustainability Author: Katie L.K. Kimmel Thesis Summary: Purpose. The purpose of this thesis is to develop an analytical framework that can be used to better understand the impacts of tourism on small island developing states (SIDS). In particular, the framework will address tourism in light of sustainability goals(environmental, economic, social, and political). Because tourism is both a major economic driver for many SIDS, as well as a primary cause of environmental degradation within these states, a framework is needed that allows for systemic, value tradeoff evaluation. Currently there are multiple frameworks and plans for sustainability and development in SIDS; but few frameworks take into account how tourism can further stress resources within these nations. With the framework developed herein, analysts will have a tool for evaluating policies and programs aimed at integrating tourism within a sustainability context. Approach. The approach for this thesis was to develop a new framework to evaluate how tourism contributes to stresses of water resources, energy, environmental degradation, and wastes during sustainable development. Previous reports provide a framework for the issues at hand. Through meta-analysis...