Página 1 dos resultados de 1800 itens digitais encontrados em 0.009 segundos

Synovial fluid chondroitin sulphate indicates abnormal joint metabolism in asymptomatic osteochondritic horses

Machado, T. S. L.; Correia da Silva, L. C. L.; Baccarin, R. Y. A.; Michelacci, Y. M.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.69%
Reasons for performing study: Alternative methods to evaluate the joint condition in asymptomatic osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) and other joint diseases may be useful. Objectives: To investigate possible changes in synovial fluid composition that may lead to joint conditions in asymptomatic OCD, in mature horses. Methods: Animals aged >2 years, of different breeds, with OCD in the intermediate ridge of distal tibia, symptomatic or not, were studied. Synovial fluid samples (10 healthy; 11 asymptomatic OCD; 25 symptomatic OCD) were collected by arthroscopy from 29 horses. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were analysed by a combination of agarose gel electrophoresis and enzymatic degradation with specific GAG lyases. The viscosity, white blood cell (WBC) count, protein concentration and hyaluronic acid (HA) molecular weight were also determined. Results: The method used here to analyse synovial fluid GAGs is reliable, reproducible and specific. The main synovial fluid GAGs are HA and chondroitin sulphate (CS), 93% and 7% respectively in normal horses. In symptomatic OCD, the concentrations of both increased (expressed as GAG/urea ratios), but CS increased more. The CS increased also in asymptomatic OCD. An inflammatory reaction was suggested by the increased WBC counts in OCD. The molecular weight of the synovial fluid HA was reduced in OCD...

Do blood components affect the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by equine synovial cells in vitro?

Brossi, Patricia M.; Baccarin, Raquel Y. A.; Massoco, Cristina O.
Fonte: REVISTA PESQUISA VETERINARIA BRASILEIRA; RIO JANEIRO Publicador: REVISTA PESQUISA VETERINARIA BRASILEIRA; RIO JANEIRO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.6%
Brossi P.M., Baccarin R.Y.A. & Massoco C.O. 2012 Do blood components affect the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by equine synovial cells in vitro? Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 32(12):1355-1360. Departamento de Clinica Medica, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, Butanta, Sao Paulo, SP 5508-210, Brazil. E-mail: baccarin@ usp.br Blood-derived products are commonly administered to horses and humans to treat many musculoskeletal diseases, due to their potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Nevertheless, antioxidant effects have never been shown upon horse synovial fluid cells in vitro. If proved, this could give a new perspective to justify the clinical application of blood-derived products. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antioxidant effects of two blood-derived products - plasma (unconditioned blood product - UBP) and a commercial blood preparation (conditioned blood product - CBP)(4) - upon stimulated equine synovial fluid cells. Healthy tarsocrural joints (60) were tapped to obtain synovial fluid cells; these cells were pooled, processed, stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)...

Avaliação dos efeitos antiinflamatórios da proteína antagonista de receptor de interleucina - 1 (IRAP) por citometria de fluxo em líquido sinovial de eqüino; Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory effects of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist protein in equine synovial fluid using flow cytometric techniques

Brossi, Patrícia Monaco
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/07/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.64%
A doença articular, especificamente a osteoartrite é uma das enfermidades mais prevalentes e mais debilitantes que acomete os cavalos, tendo um grande impacto econômico na indústria eqüina. Assim sendo, a investigação contínua e avanços na área terapêutica são de fundamental importância. A osteoartrite é uma doença degenerativa que pode ser deflagrada por uma série de fatores e onde, ultimamente, todos os tecidos articulares encontram-se comprometidos. Não obstante, é na degradação da matriz extracelular da cartilagem articular que ocorrem os eventos de maior expressão e repercussão. Na gênese da degradação da matriz extracelular encontra-se um desequilíbrio entre os processos anabólicos e catabólicos responsáveis pela homeostase normal da cartilagem articular e pela adaptação deste tecido às forças que sobre ele incidem. Estes processos são orquestrados por proteínas anabólicas, como, por exemplo o fator de crescimento tipo insulina 1 (IGF-l), e por citocinas inflamatórias que, de forma contrária, são responsáveis pela depleção de colágeno e de proteoglicanas da matriz, representando o grupo de proteínas catabólicas, cujo exemplo clássico é a interleucina-1. A interleucina-1 tem papel central nos processos fisiopatológicos da osteoartrite por desencadear vários eventos catabólicos nos sinoviócitos e condrócitos...

Obtenção e caracterização de linhagens celulares de membrana e líquido sinoviais equinos; Obtention and characterization of cell lines from equine synovial membrane and synovial fluid

Prado, Aline Ambrogi Franco
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/12/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.63%
A cartilagem articular é um tecido avascular, com baixa celularidade, composta principalmente de colágeno extracelular e proteoglicanos, com uma capacidade limitada de regeneração. Nos últimos anos, diversas abordagens clínicas e de pesquisa têm sido adotadas para reparar danos na cartilagem articular, como transplante de condrócitos, enxerto de periósteo, células-tronco mesenquimais e tecidos derivados dessas células. O isolamento de células-tronco mesenquimais foi relatado a partir de diferentes tecidos, incluindo medula óssea, tecido adiposo, sangue do cordão umbilical, sangue periférico e saco vitelino em equinos. As células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas de líquido e membrana sinoviais foram obtidas em humanos, cães, suínos e caprinos e são fontes promissoras para regeneração articular, já que são tecido-específicas e de fácil obtenção e cultivo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estabelecer e caracterizar a linhagens de células obtidas de membrana e líquido sinoviais equinos. Os fragmentos foram obtidos por meio de artroscopias e cultivados em meios de cultura DMEM-H e MEM para obtenção das linhagens. Para análise da morfologia celular foi realizada a fotodocumentação das garrafas em microscopia invertida. A expressão de marcadores de células-tronco (CD45RO...

Avaliação dos efeitos da utilização de plasma autólogo condicionado em articulações sinoviais hígidas de equinos; Effects evaluation of autologous conditioned plasma in healthy equine synovial joints

Moreira, Juliana Junqueira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.56%
O cavalo tem sido há milhares de anos um dos animais de maior utilidade para o homem, tanto no trabalho quanto no esporte. A integridade de sua estrutura física é determinante para a qualidade de seu desempenho, sendo alvo importante das estratégias terapêuticas e preventivas da atualidade. Diversos estudos têm esclarecido parte da cascata de eventos que ocorre em ambiente intra-articular, revelando os principais mediadores nocivos e ampliando as opções para tratamentos mais eficientes. Experimentos utilizando a citometria de fluxo foram capazes de demonstrar que a adição de plasma às células de líquido sinovial (LS) previamente inflamadas diminui a produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio durante o burst oxidativo, conferindo capacidade antioxidante a este hemoderivado. Pouco se sabe, no entanto, sobre seu potencial pró ou anti-inflamatório, pois não existem relatos na literatura investigando tal atividade. Assim, desenvolvemos este estudo com o objetivo de acompanhar os efeitos exercidos pelo plasma autólogo condicionado (ACP) sobre os tecidos articulares, reportando as alterações clínicas e no LS das articulações metacarpofalangeanas hígidas que receberam este tratamento. Foram administrados 4 ml de ACP em 10 articulações metacarpofalangeanas de equinos saudáveis...

Comparação entre as concentrações de tetraciclina no plasma, líquido sinovial e leite de vacas com doença do casco, submetidas às administrações intravenosa e intravenosa regional e sua implicação na presença de resíduos no leite; Comparision among tetracycline concentrations in plasma, synovial fluid and milk in cows with lameness in foot, subjected to intravenous and regional intravenous administration and their implications in the presence of residues in milk

Esteban, Cláudia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/08/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
O presente trabalho visa desenvolver métodos que permitam determinar as concentrações de tetraciclina, por Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Eficiência, no plasma e líquido sinovial, além de analisar as concentrações correspondentes em leite de gado leiteiro em lactação submetidos aos tratamentos intravenoso e intravenoso regional. Desta forma, objetivando determinar a depuração da tetracic1ina no organismo dos animais tratados, a concentração do fármaco no sítio de ação e a quantidade residual em leite, as amostras biológicas foram colhidas e quantificadas em diferentes tempos pré e pós-administração do fármaco. Os métodos analíticos validados apresentaram linearidade, limite de detecção, quantificação, exatidão, precisão e recuperação adequados à quantificação do antibiótico nas matrizes biológicas estudadas. As amostras de leite de animais tratados com o medicamento por via intravenosa regional, não apresentaram resíduos após 120h da administração do fármaco. O mesmo ocorreu plasma e líquido sinovial após 48 h. Através da administração via intravenosa do medicamento foram observados resíduos no leite em todos os tempos avaliados, ao passo que no plasma e líquido sinovial, a presença do princípio ativo não foi detectada após 72 horas pós-tratamento.; The purpose of the present work is to develop methods which allow the determination of tetracycline by High Pressure Liquid Chromatography in serum...

Do blood components affect the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by equine synovial cells in vitro?

Brossi,Patrícia M.; Baccarin,Raquel Y.A.; Massoco,Cristina O.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.58%
Blood-derived products are commonly administered to horses and humans to treat many musculoskeletal diseases, due to their potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Nevertheless, antioxidant effects have never been shown upon horse synovial fluid cells in vitro. If proved, this could give a new perspective to justify the clinical application of blood-derived products. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antioxidant effects of two blood-derived products - plasma (unconditioned blood product - UBP) and a commercial blood preparation (conditioned blood product - CBP)¹ - upon stimulated equine synovial fluid cells. Healthy tarsocrural joints (60) were tapped to obtain synovial fluid cells; these cells were pooled, processed, stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and evaluated by flow cytometry for the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Upon addition of any blood-derived product here used - UBP and CBP - there was a significant decrease in the oxidative burst of synovial fluid cells (P<0.05). There was no difference between UBP and CBP effects. In conclusion, treatment of stimulated equine synovial cells with either UBP or CBP efficiently restored their redox equilibrium.

Synovial fluid inhibits killing of Staphylococcus aureus by neutrophils.

Simon, G L; Miller, H G; Borenstein, D G
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1983 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.74%
Serum in the extracellular environment promotes neutrophil bactericidal activity apart from its opsonizing properties. We examined the effect of non-inflammatory osteoarthritic synovial fluid on serum-mediated neutrophil killing of Staphylococcus aureus. This was done to evaluate the effect of synovial fluid on neutrophil bactericidal activity independent of opsonin concentration. With an initial inoculum of 5 X 10(6) CFU/ml, 1.47 +/- 0.14% bacteria survived after 120 min of incubation with 10% serum and neutrophils. In contrast, 4.07 +/- 0.33% bacteria survived after incubation in serum plus synovial fluid (P less than 0.001). This inhibitory effect was directly related to the concentration of synovial fluid in the incubation mixture. Increasing the concentration of synovial fluid resulted in an increased percent survival. Studies utilizing preopsonized bacteria and radiolabeled organisms demonstrated that synovial fluid did not interfere with opsonization or phagocytosis. Intracellular bactericidal activity was assayed separately from phagocytosis by utilizing a brief ingestion period followed by the removal of extracellular bacteria by either differential centrifugation or lysostaphin treatment. The reincubation of cells and associated bacteria with serum or serum plus synovial fluid revealed that synovial fluid significantly inhibited the promoting effect of serum on neutrophil bactericidal activity. After 60 min of incubation with 10% serum...

Carbohydrate heterogeneity of fibronectins. Synovial fluid fibronectin resembles the form secreted by cultured synoviocytes but differs from the plasma form.

Carsons, S; Lavietes, B B; Slomiany, A; Diamond, H S; Berkowitz, E
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1987 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.74%
Large quantities of fibronectin (Fn) are present in inflammatory synovial fluid. Inflammatory synovial fluid Fn, while indistinguishable from plasma Fn on the basis of reactivity to polyclonal antibodies, displays alterations in molecular size and charge. Since biochemical differences between plasma and synovial fluid fibronectins might be in part due to differences in glycosylation we have compared the carbohydrate composition of plasma Fn, synovial fluid Fn, and Fn from synoviocyte conditioned medium by biochemical assay, glycopeptide analysis, and binding to a series of lectins. Synovial fluid Fn has a greater carbohydrate content but contains less sialic acid when compared with plasma Fn. Glycopeptides formed from synovial fluid Fn are smaller than plasma Fn glycopeptides. These data suggest the presence of an additional N-linked oligosaccharide chain on synovial fluid Fn. In addition, synovial fluid Fn contains N-acetyl galactosamine indicating the presence of O-linked oligosaccharides. Synovial fluid Fn and Fn isolated from rheumatoid synoviocyte-conditioned medium display strong reactivity with the lectins wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) and peanut agglutinin (PNA), whereas normal and rheumatoid plasma Fn react weakly. The PNA reactivity of synovial fluid Fn is mediated by terminal beta-galactose residues on the gelatin-binding domain...

Increment of CD8S6F1 cells in synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Ueki, Y; Eguchi, K; Miyake, S; Nagataki, S; Tominaga, Y
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1994 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.73%
OBJECTIVE--To investigate the role of CD8 cell subsets in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the phenotypes of T cells adherent or non-adherent to the target cells (endothelial cells and synovial cells) pre-treated with IL-1 beta. METHODS--The expression of S6F1 on CD8 cells and that of an activation marker on CD8 cells and CD8 cell subsets was evaluated in specimens of peripheral blood and synovial fluid obtained from 15 patients with RA and 10 with osteoarthritis (OA) using a two- or three-colour immunofluorescence method for analysis. RESULTS--The percentage of CD8S6F1 cells among CD8 cells in synovial fluid was significantly greater than that of peripheral blood. Synovial fluid from RA patients had a greater percentage of CD8S6F1 cells compared with either peripheral blood of matched patients or synovial fluid of OA patients. The percentage of CD8HLA-DR cells in synovial fluid was markedly greater than that in paired samples of peripheral blood in patients with RA. In the CD8S6F1 cells from both groups of patients, synovial fluid showed an increased percentage of HLA-DR cells compared with peripheral blood. Similar results were observed in CD8 cells lacking S6F1 expression (CD8S6F1-) from both groups of patients. There was no significant difference in the percentage of HLA-DR cells between CD8S6F1 and CD8S6F1- cell populations in peripheral blood. In contrast with peripheral blood...

A Normative Study of the Synovial Fluid Proteome from Healthy Porcine Knee Joints

Bennike, Tue; Ayturk, Ugur; Haslauer, Carla M.; Froehlich, John W.; Proffen, Benedikt L.; Barnaby, Omar; Birkelund, Svend; Murray, Martha M.; Warman, Matthew L.; Stensballe, Allan; Steen, Hanno
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.74%
Synovial fluid in an articulating joint contains proteins derived from the blood plasma and proteins that are produced by cells within the joint tissues, such as synovium, cartilage, ligament, and meniscus. The proteome composition of healthy synovial fluid and the cellular origins of many synovial fluid components are not fully understood. Here, we present a normative proteomics study using porcine synovial fluid. Using our optimized method, we identified 267 proteins with high confidence in healthy synovial fluid. We also evaluated mRNA expression data from tissues that can contribute to the synovial fluid proteome, including synovium, cartilage, blood, and liver, to better estimate the relative contributions from these sources to specific synovial fluid components. We identified 113 proteins in healthy synovial fluid that appear to be primarily derived from plasma transudates, 37 proteins primarily derived from synovium, and 11 proteins primarily derived from cartilage. Finally, we compared the identified synovial fluid proteome to the proteome of human plasma, and we found that the two body fluids share many similarities, underlining the detected plasma derived nature of many synovial fluid components. Knowing the synovial fluid proteome of a healthy joint will help to identify mechanisms that cause joint disease and pathways involved in disease progression.

Effects of pulse methylprednisolone on inflammatory mediators in peripheral blood, synovial fluid, and synovial membrane in rheumatoid arthritis

Youssef, P.; Haynes, D.; Triantafillou, S.; Parker, A.; Gamble, J.; Roberts-Thomson, P.; Ahern, M.; Smith, M.
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT-RAVEN PUBL Publicador: LIPPINCOTT-RAVEN PUBL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.73%
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the clinical efficacy of pulse methylprednisolone (MP; 1,000 mg intravenously) is related to the modulation of proinflammatory cytokines within the peripheral blood, synovial membrane, or synovial fluid compartments. METHODS: Eighteen patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were studied. Peripheral blood (11 patients) and knee synovial fluid (9 patients, 10 knees) were obtained before and at 4 and 24 hours after MP therapy. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and biologic assays; prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was measured by competitive radioimmunoassay. In 10 patients, arthroscopically directed synovial biopsies were obtained before and at 24 hours after treatment, at disease relapse (4 patients), and after retreatment (1 patient). Membranes were stained by immunohistochemical techniques with monoclonal antibodies against TNFalpha, IL-8, IL-1beta, and the IL-1 receptor antagonist protein (IL-1Ra). RESULTS: MP therapy was associated with a rapid (within 24 hours) and substantial decrease in the expression of TNFalpha in the lining and sublining regions of the synovial membrane, as well as substantial decreases in the levels of TNFalpha in serum and synovial fluid. There was also reduced IL-8 expression in the synovial lining...

Elevated nerve growth factor levels in synovial fluid of patients with inflammatory joint disease

Halliday, D.; Zettler, C.; Rush, R.; Scicchitano, R.; McNeil, J.
Fonte: Springer Verlag Publicador: Springer Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.55%
A novel pH shock extraction procedure was used to measure nerve growth factor (NGF) levels in both normal and inflamed synovial fluids using a sensitive and specific two-site enzyme linked immunosorbant assay. To date no data is available on NGF levels in normal synovial fluids. Synovial fluids were taken from 5 normal volunteers, 12 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 10 patients with other inflammatory arthropathies. The mean ± SEM NGF concentration in normal synovial fluids was 95 ± 33.2 pg/ml (range 39.1–143.1 pg/ml), whereas the mean NGF concentration in the synovial fluids taken from patients with rheumatoid arthritis was 532.5 ± 123.8 pg/ml (range 152–1686 pg/ml). The mean NGF concentration in patients with other inflammatory arthropathies was also raised (430.6 ± 90 pg/ml; range 89–1071 pg/ml). The NGF concentrations were significantly higher in the synovial fluids from both inflamed groups (ANOVA p < 0.05)="" compared="" to="" normals.="" raised="" levels="" of="" ngf="" in="" synovial="" fluid="" may="" contribute="" directly="" to="" joint="" inflammation="" via="" activation="" of="" inflammatory=""; Dale A. Halliday, Christian Zettler, Robert A. Rush, Raffaele Scicchitano and Julian D. McNeil

The accuracy of methods for urate crystal detection in synovial fluid and the effect of sample handling: A systematic review

Graf, S.; Buchbinder, R.; Zochling, J.; Whittle, S.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
This study aims to compare different methods of monosodium urate crystal (MSU) detection in synovial fluid (SF) and the effect of sample storage and handling on crystal detection. A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and the American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism conference abstracts of 2010 and 2011. Studies that compared a method for detecting MSU crystals in SF with polarised light microscopy (PLM) or compared various SF storage and handling factors with the detection of MSU crystals as an outcome were included. Twelve studies out of 247 identified references were included in the review. Seven studies compared different methods of MSU crystal detection in SF with PLM. Due to study heterogeneity, methodological limitations and risk of bias, no firm conclusions could be drawn from the available data. Five studies examining SF storage and handling factors were identified. A reduction in MSU crystal concentration was observed over time at room temperature that was not seen in refrigerated samples. The use of anticoagulation as a storage medium provided no benefit. Dried cytospin preparations appeared to be a suitable medium for long-term storage and delayed crystal analysis for at least 12 months. The existing data do not provide a compelling argument for the replacement of PLM as the current standard. SF sample storage and handling have an effect on MSU crystals and may impact on the reliability of analysis.; S. W. Graf...

Prostaglandin D2 in inflammatory arthritis and its relation with synovial fluid dendritic cells

Moghaddami, M.; Ranieri, E.; James, M.; Fletcher, J.; Cleland, L.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Publicador: Hindawi Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
Prostaglandin (PG)D2 has been shown to be an active agent in the resolution of experimentally induced inflammation. This study was undertaken to determine the presence of PGD2 in chronic joint effusions and to explore the potential contributions of dendritic cells (DC) and monocytes to the intra-articular synthesis of PGD2. Synovial fluid (SF) was obtained from patients with inflammatory arthritis and knee effusions. PGD2 and PGE2 were detected in SF by ultrahigh-performance tandem mass spectrometry. Cellular fractions in SF were separated by density-gradient centrifugation and flow cytometry. The expression of hematopoietic prostaglandin D-synthase (hPGDS) and PGE-synthase (PGES) mRNA was determined by RT-PCR. Both PGD2 and PGE2 were detected in blood and SF, with PGD2 being more abundant than PGE2 in SF. mRNA for hPGDS was more abundant in SF mDCs than SF monocytes (P < 0.01) or PB monocytes (P < 0.001). SF mDC expressed significantly more hPGDS than PGES. Expressions of PGD2 and hPGDS were inversely associated with serum C-reactive protein (P < 0.01) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (P < 0.01). The findings suggest that synovial DCs may be an important source of hPGDS and that systemic disease activity may be influenced by actions of PGD2 in RA and other arthropathies.; Mahin Moghaddami...

Identification of α1-Antitrypsin as a Potential Candidate for Internal Control for Human Synovial Fluid in Western Blot

Wang, Shaowei; Zhou, Jingming; Wei, Xiaochun; Li, Pengcui; Li, Kai; Wang, Dongming; Wei, Fangyuan; Zhang, Jianzhong; Wei, Lei
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.71%
Western blot of synovial fluid has been widely used for osteoarthritis (OA) research and diagnosis, but there is no ideal loading control for this purpose. Although β-actin is extensively used as loading control in western blot, it is not suitable for synovial fluid because it is not required in synovial fluid as a cytoskeletal protein. A good loading control for synovial fluid in OA studies should have unchanged content in synovial fluids from normal and OA groups, because synovial fluid protein content can vary with changes in synovial vascular permeability with OA onset. In this study, we explore the potential of using α1-antitripsin (A1AT) as loading control for OA synovial fluid in western blot. A1AT level is elevated in inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Unlike RA, OA is a non-inflammation disease, which does not induce A1AT. In this study, we identified A1AT as an abundant component of synovial fluid by Mass Spectrometry and confirmed that the level of A1AT is relative constant between human OA and normal synovial fluid by western blot and ELISA. Hence, we proposed that A1AT may be a good loading control for western blot in human OA synovial fluid studies provided that pathological conditions such as RA or A1AT deficiency associated liver or lung diseases are excluded.

Antioxidant capacity and oxidative damage determination in synovial fluid of chronically damaged equine metacarpophalangeal joint

Adarmes Ahumada, Héctor; Behn Thiele, Claus; Galleguillos, Marco; Araneda, Oscar F.; Villasante, Alejandro
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artículo de revista
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
In order to determine oxidative stress in equine joints with degenerative processes, we analyzed synovial fluid (SF) antioxidant capacity and the concentration of oxidative damage biomarkers in healthy and chronically damaged metacarpophalangeal joints. SF samples were collected from joints of thirty 2–5 year-old crossbreed male equine, macroscopically classified at post mortem inspection and later histologically confirmed. The antioxidant capacity was determined measuring uric acid and the concentration of sulfhydryl groups and the total radical trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP). The oxidative damage was determined by assessing malondialdehyde (MDA) and carbonyl protein concentration. TRAP was significantly higher (p<0.05) in the group with chronic damage (CD). The sulfhydryl groups and concentration of uric acid did not show significant difference between the groups (p>0.05). Although carbonyl concentration did not show significant difference between groups, it was slightly higher in the group with CD (p=0.05009). Concentration of MDA did not show significant difference (p>0.05) between groups. The observed significant increase in TRAP in the group with CD could be related to the participation of components other than protein...

On Modeling the Response of Synovial Fluid: Unsteady Flow of a Shear-Thinning, Chemically-Reacting Fluid Mixture

Bridges, Craig; Karra, Satish; Rajagopal, K. R.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/08/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.64%
We study the flow of a shear-thinning, chemically-reacting fluid that could be used to model the flow of the synovial fluid. The actual geometry where the flow of the synovial fluid takes place is very complicated, and therefore the governing equations are not amenable to simple mathematical analysis. In order to understand the response of the model, we choose to study the flow in a simple geometry. While the flow domain is not a geometry relevant to the flow of the synovial fluid in the human body it yet provides a flow which can be used to assess the efficacy of different models that have been proposed to describe synovial fluids. We study the flow in the annular region between two cylinders, one of which is undergoing unsteady oscillations about their common axis, in order to understand the quintessential behavioral characteristics of the synovial fluid. We use the three models suggested by Hron et al. [ J. Hron, J. M\'{a}lek, P. Pust\v{e}jovsk\'{a}, K. R. Rajagopal, On concentration dependent shear-thinning behavior in modeling of synovial fluid flow, Adv. in Tribol. (In Press).] to study the problem, by appealing to a semi-inverse method. The assumed structure for the velocity field automatically satisfies the constraint of incompressibility...

Determinação de tetraciclina em líquido sinovial de vacas com doença podal; Analytical method to the determination of tetracycline in synovial fluid of cows with lameness in foot

Esteban, Cláudia; Rodrigues, Celso Antonio; Nascimento, Elizabeth de Souza
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.29%
As doenças podais em bovinos são, via de regra, acompanhadas de infecções existentes na área lesionada. O sucesso do tratamento relaciona-se com a concentração do fármaco nas sinóvias dos animais, sendo tetraciclina e oxitetraciclina, entre os antibióticos os principais quimioterápicos atualmente utilizados. Assim, o presente trabalho objetivou desenvolver um método analítico que permita a determinação de tetraciclina por Cromatografia a Líquido de Alta Pressão em líquido sinovial de vacas leiteiras portadoras de enfermidades podais pós-tratamento via intravenosa do antibiótico. O método analítico apresentou limite de detecção e quantificação para a tetraciclina em líquido sinovial de 38 ng/mL e 50 ng/mL, respectivamente. A recuperação das concentrações baixa, média e alta foram superiores a 75%. A linearidade foi avaliada na faixa dinâmica de 50 - 15.000 ng/mL. A precisão e a exatidão para as concentrações baixas, médias e altas foram consideradas adequadas para a realização das análises. Os resultados da concentração máxima e tempo para atingir a concentração máxima foram, respectivamente de Tmax= 1,37 h, Cmax=3471,57 ng/mL em líquido sinovial de vacas com doença podal.; Lameness in cattle is...

A possible role of synovial fluid in bone healing

Biddulph,SL; Nayler,SJ; Sweet,MBE; Barrow,AD; Biddulph,LG
Fonte: SA Orthopaedic Journal Publicador: SA Orthopaedic Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to study the rate of intra-articular fracture healing in baboons. It is postulated that this could correlate with fracture healing in the human model of the scaphoid, as this fracture healing takes place in an intra-articular environment. METHODS: Five baboons were used. Segments of iliac crest were divided along the cancellous zone and fixed together by means of cerclage wire with the cancellous surfaces facing each other. The conjoined blocks of bone were sutured into the joint capsule of the suprapatellar pouch of the animal from which they were obtained. Control specimens were fixed submuscularly to the outer cortex of the iliac crest. Specimens were harvested at two, three and four weeks. After decalcification, samples were examined histologically. RESULTS: All specimens were found to be viable. A firm union was noted at two weeks, a greater union at three weeks, and a substantial union at four weeks. Some of the specimens had a covering of synovial membrane, due to the fact that the specimen was sutured into the joint lining. It appeared to have no effect on bone survival or the rate of union. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that synovial fluid may nourish bone and promote union. This is in contradiction to the theory that synovial fluid may hamper bone healing...