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Avaliação da reconstituição imunológica e da resposta anti-citomegalovirus nos receptores de transplante de medula óssea; Anti-cytomegalovirus immunity reconstitution following autologous and allogeneic stem cell and bone marrow transplantation as assessed by CD8+ T cell phenotyping and functio

Ferrari, Valeria
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
O citomegalovírus (CMV) é uma séria ameaça aos receptores de transplante de medula óssea. A reativação está associada com uma imunidade mediada por células TCD8+ defeituosa. Nosso objetivo foi correlacionar as diferentes subpopulações de células TCD8+ com a reconstituição imunológica dos pacientes, especificamente a imunidade anti-CMV, analisando as subpopulações de células T infundidas nas diferentes modalidades de transplante de medula óssea. Receptores de transplante alogênico de células tronco mobilizadas para o sangue periférico (n=16) ou coletadas diretamente da medula óssea (n=28) e receptores de transplante autólogo de células tronco mobilizadas para o sangue periférico (n=22) foram avaliados. Verificamos que as transferências de células mobilizadas para o sangue periférico dos doadores, tanto nos transplantes alogênicos como autólogos, são proporcionalmente enriquecidas por subpopulações de células memória efetora e efetora, comparadas às transferências de células procedentes diretamente da medula óssea. Este enriquecimento por subpopulações de células TCD8+ mais diferenciadas foi também correlacionado com maior número de células contendo altos níveis de granzima B, considerado um marcador para linfócitos citotóxicos...

Caracterização fenotípica e funcional de linfócitos T de memória de indivíduos infectados pelo HIV reativos a epitopos T CD4+ derivados de sequências do consenso B do HIV-1; Phenotypic and functional characterization of memory T lymphocytes from HIV infected individuals reactive to CD4-T epitopes derived from sequences of the HIV-1 B consensus

Borgo, Adriana Coutinho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
A persistência de células T de memória funcionais é importante para garantir uma imunidade protetora na infecção pelo Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana (HIV). As células T de memória têm sido subdivididas em memória central (TCM), memória efetora (TEM) e memória efetora altamente diferenciada (TEMRA) com base na expressão de moléculas de superfície como CCR7 e CD45RA, e na capacidade de produzir citocinas e proliferar. Recentemente, identificamos 18 peptídeos derivados de seqüências do consenso B do HIV-1, ligadores de múltiplas moléculas HLA-DR e amplamente reconhecidos por linfócitos T de sangue periférico de pacientes infectados pelo HIV. Diante disso e considerando a importância das células T de memória na manutenção da resposta imune específica, nosso objetivo foi caracterizar fenotípica e funcionalmente as subpopulações de células T de memória de indivíduos infectados pelo HIV envolvidas no reconhecimento in vitro desses epitopos. Foram incluídos 14 indivíduos controles sadios e 61 pacientes HIV+ com contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ maior que 250 células/mm3. Os pacientes HIV+ foram divididos em seis diferentes grupos clínicos de acordo com o estágio da infecção, carga viral (CV) plasmática e uso de terapia anti-retroviral (ART): não progressores por longo tempo (LTNP)...

Alterations of cell-mediated immune response in children with febrile seizures

Montelli, Terezinha C.B.; Soares, Angela M.V.C.; Parise-Fortes, Maria R.; Rezkallah-Iwasso, Maria T.; Padula, Niura M.R.; Peraçoli, Maria Terezinha S.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 193-198
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The aim of the present investigation was to study the distribution of T-cell subsets in peripheral blood defined by monoclonal antibodies and by the lymphocyte proliferative response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) in 30 children with febrile seizures and in 14 age-matched control subjects. Frequent respiratory, urinary and dermatologic infections were observed in 22 patients. The immunologic parameters showed that 64% of the patients presented an increased number of CD8+ cells and a low helper/suppressor ratio was observed in 60% of the patients. In addition, the proliferative response of lymphocytes to PHA was impaired in the patients It was observed the presence of inhibitory activity on lymphocyte function in the plasma of 33% of children with febrile seizures. These results suggest that patients with febrile seizures have an impairment of cellular immunity that may be connected with this epileptic syndrome and explain the infections observed.

Epigenetic and transcriptional signatures of stable versus plastic differentiation of proinflammatory gd T cell subsets

Schmolka, Nina; Serre, Karine; Grosso, Ana R.; Rei, Margarida; Pennington, Daniel J.; Gomes, Anita Q.; Silva-Santos, Bruno
Fonte: Nature Publicador: Nature
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76%
Two distinct subsets of γδ T cells that produce interleukin 17 (IL-17) (CD27(-) γδ T cells) or interferon-γ (IFN-γ) (CD27(+) γδ T cells) develop in the mouse thymus, but the molecular determinants of their functional potential in the periphery remain unknown. Here we conducted a genome-wide characterization of the methylation patterns of histone H3, along with analysis of mRNA encoding transcription factors, to identify the regulatory networks of peripheral IFN-γ-producing or IL-17-producing γδ T cell subsets in vivo. We found that CD27(+) γδ T cells were committed to the expression of Ifng but not Il17, whereas CD27(-) γδ T cells displayed permissive chromatin configurations at loci encoding both cytokines and their regulatory transcription factors and differentiated into cells that produced both IL-17 and IFN-γ in a tumor microenvironment.

Lymphocyte subset reference intervals in blood donors from northeastern Brazil

TORRES,ALEX J.L.; CISNEIROS,PATRÍCIA; GUEDES,ROSA; GRASSI,MARIA FERNANDA R.; MEYER,ROBERTO; BENDICHO,MARIA T.; LOPES,TAIS G.S.L.; FÉLIX,GABRIELA; NETTO,EDUARDO M.; BRITES,CARLOS; ABE-SANDES,KIYOKO; BRANDÃO,CLAUDIO; ALCANTARA-NEVES,NEUZA; FREIRE,SONGELI
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.1%
The reference intervals for leukocytes and lymphocytes currently used by most clinical laboratories present limitations as they are primarily derived from individuals of North American and European origin. The objective this study was to determine reference values for peripheral blood B lymphocytes, T lymphocyte subsets (CD4+, CD8+, naïve, memory, regulatory, TCRαβ and TCRγδ+) and NK cells from blood donors in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil. Results: The proportion of included male subjects was 73.7% and the median ages of males (34) and females (35) were found to be similar. Absolute counts total lymphocytes subsets to both gender was 1,956 (1,060-4,186) cells and relative values 34%. The T CD4+ and T CD8+ lymphocytes relative values was 51% (20-62) and 24% (9-28), respectively. The most statistically significant finding observed was a higher percentage of B lymphocytes (p=0.03) in females. Commonly cited subset reference intervals were found to be consistent with values in several populations from different geographic areas.

The sample processing time interval as an influential factor in flow cytometry analysis of lymphocyte subsets

Santos,Ana Paula dos; Bertho,Álvaro Luiz; Martins,Reinaldo de Menezes; Marcovistz,Rugimar
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.22%
The objective of this paper is to propose a protocol to analyze blood samples in yellow fever 17DD vaccinated which developed serious adverse events. We investigated whether or not the time between sample collection and sample processing could interfere in lymphocyte subset percentage, for it is often impossible to analyze blood samples immediately after collection due to transport delay from collection places to the flow cytometry facility. CD4+CD38+ T, CD8+CD38+ T, CD3+ T, CD19+ B lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry in nine healthy volunteers immediately after blood collection and after intervals of 24 and 48 h. The whole blood lysis method and gradient sedimentation by Histopaque were applied to isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells for flow cytometry analyses. With the lysis method, there was no significant change in lymphocyte subset percentage between the two time intervals (24 and 48 h). In contrast, when blood samples were processed by Histopaque gradient sedimentation, time intervals for sample processing influenced the percentage in T lymphocyte subsets but not in B cells. From the results obtained, we could conclude that the whole blood lysis method is more appropriate than gradient sedimentation by Histopaque for immunophenotyping of blood samples collected after serious adverse events...

Lymphocyte subsets in human immunodeficiency virus-unexposed Brazilian individuals from birth to adulthood

Moraes-Pinto,Maria Isabel de; Ono,Erika; Santos-Valente,Elisângela C; Almeida,Liziane C; Andrade,Paula Rosemberg de; Dinelli,Maria Isabel Saraiva; Santos,Amélia M Nunes dos; Salomão,Reinaldo
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Ethnic origin, genetics, gender and environmental factors have been shown to influence some immunologic indices, so that development of reference values for populations of different backgrounds may be necessary. We have determined the distribution of lymphocyte subsets in healthy Brazilian individuals from birth to adulthood. Lymphocyte subsets were determined using four-colour cytometry in a cross-sectional study of 463 human immunodeficiency virus-unexposed children and adults from birth through 49 years of age. Lymphocyte subsets varied according to age, as previously observed in other studies. However, total CD4+ T cell numbers were lower than what was described in the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group P1009 (PACTG P1009), which assessed an American population of predominantly African and Hispanic backgrounds until the 12-18 year age range, when values were comparable. Naïve percentages and absolute values of CD8+ T cells, as assessed by CD45RA expression, were also lower than the PACTG P1009 data for all analysed age ranges. CD38 expression on both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells was lower than the PACTG P1009 values, with a widening gap between the two studies at older age ranges. Different patterns of cell differentiation seem to occur in different settings and may have characteristic expression within each population.

Selective Recruitment of T-Cell Subsets to the Udder during Staphylococcal and Streptococcal Mastitis: Analysis of Lymphocyte Subsets and Adhesion Molecule Expression

Soltys, Jindrich; Quinn, Mark T.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
During bacterial infection of the bovine mammary gland, large numbers of leukocytes migrate into the udder, resulting in the establishment of a host response against the pathogen. Currently, the specific leukocyte populations mediating this immune response are not well defined. In the studies described here, we analyzed blood and milk from healthy cows and cows with naturally occurring mastitis to determine if distinct αβ and γδ T-lymphocyte subsets were involved in the response of the udder to a mastitis pathogen and if the type of mastitis pathogen influenced the subset composition of these responding leukocytes. Although blood samples from cows with confirmed staphylococcal and streptococcal mastitis were characterized by increased numbers of γδ T cells, the most dramatic changes in leukocyte distributions occurred in milk samples from these cows, with a 75% increase in αβ T-cell levels and a 100% increase in γδ T-cell levels relative to the levels in milk samples from healthy animals. Interestingly, the increase in αβ T-cell numbers observed in milk from cows with staphylococcal mastitis was primarily due to increased numbers of CD4+ T cells, while the increase in αβ T-cell numbers observed in cows with streptococcal mastitis was due to a parallel increase in both CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell numbers. The increased numbers of γδ T cells in milk from cows with staphylococcal and streptococcal mastitis were due to a selective recruitment of a distinct γδ T-cell subset (GD3.1+)...

Study of T-lymphocyte subsets of healthy and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-infected cattle.

Bassey, E O; Collins, M T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1997 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.07%
The relative contributions of T-lymphocyte subsets to host defense in cattle infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis is reported. The subsets were purified with appropriate monoclonal antibodies and a magnetic bead column separation system, and their purity was verified by flow cytometry. Biological activity of each subset, expressed as lymphoproliferation and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) production, was measured in response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and an M. avium antigen preparation (A-PPD). IFN-gamma was measured by antibody capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results showed a correlation between proliferation and IFN-gamma production in response to A-PPD but not to PHA. In response to PHA, CD4+ lymphocytes were the most prolific producers of IFN-gamma. CD8+ lymphocytes produced IFN-gamma to a lesser extent, whereas gammadelta+ T lymphocytes produced little or no IFN-gamma. Differences observed between the amount of IFN-gamma produced by CD4+ versus CD8+ cells and CD4+ versus gammadelta+ cells were significant (P < 0.01), but those between peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and CD4+ T cells were not. Similar responses to A-PPD were observed except that PBMC produced higher levels of IFN-gamma than did CD4+ T cells. These data for cattle are similar to observations made for other animal species...

Herpes simplex virus-induced stromal keratitis: role of T-lymphocyte subsets in immunopathology.

Newell, C K; Martin, S; Sendele, D; Mercadal, C M; Rouse, B T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1989 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.13%
Herpetic stromal keratitis (SK), a frequent cause of visual impairment, is considered to represent an immune-mediated inflammatory response to persistent herpes simplex virus virions or subcomponents within the corneal stroma. The experimental disease in mice involves the essential participation of T lymphocytes, but the role of T-lymphocyte subsets in either mediating or controlling the disease is uncertain. In this report, rat monoclonal antibodies were used to selectively deplete mice in vivo of CD4+ (helper-inducer) and CD8+ (cytotoxic-suppressor) T-cell populations and the effect on herpetic SK was evaluated. As measured by flow cytometry, mice treated with anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody (GK 1.5) were greater than 95% depleted of CD4+ T lymphocytes and mice treated with anti-CD8 monoclonal antibody (2.43) were 90% depleted of CD8+ T lymphocytes. Depleted and nonspecific mouse ascites-treated control mice were infected topically on the corneas with herpes simplex virus type 1, and the induction of various immune parameters during the acute infection was evaluated. CD4+-depleted mice failed to produce either a significant antiviral antibody or delayed-type hypersensitivity response but were capable of producing normal cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses. In contrast...

Role of T-lymphocyte subsets in recovery from herpes simplex virus infection.

Larsen, H S; Feng, M F; Horohov, D W; Moore, R N; Rouse, B T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1984 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.05%
Our investigations probed the nature of different T-lymphocyte subsets effecting clearance of herpes simplex virus after infection of the pinna. Cell populations from animals recently infected subcutaneously or intraperitoneally (acute population) or from animals infected 6 weeks previously (primed population) or the latter cells reimmunized in vitro with virus (memory population) were studied. Viral clearance was a function of the Lyt 1+2- subset in the acute population, but with the memory population both Lyt 1+ and Lyt 2+ cells affected clearance. In primed populations, viral clearance was effected only by the Lyt 2+ subset. The ability of the various cell populations to adoptively transfer delayed-type hypersensitivity was also studied. Only acute population cells from animals infected subcutaneously and memory population cells transferred delayed-type hypersensitivity. In both cases, the cell subtype was Lyt 1+2-. Our results demonstrated that the delayed-type hypersensitivity response does not always correlate with immunity to herpes simplex virus. Multiple subsets of T cells participate in viral clearance, and their respective importances vary according to the stage of the virus-host interaction.

Role of T lymphocyte subsets in the pathogenesis of primary infection and rechallenge with respiratory syncytial virus in mice.

Graham, B S; Bunton, L A; Wright, P F; Karzon, D T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1991 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.15%
The role of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in terminating respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) replication, causing disease, and protecting from reinfection was investigated using a BALB/c mouse model in which CD4+ or CD8+ lymphocytes or both were depleted by injections of Mab directed against the respective mouse lymphocyte determinants. Kinetics of RSV replication, illness, and pathology were assessed after primary infection and rechallenge. Both CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocyte subsets were involved in terminating RSV replication after primary infection. When both T lymphocyte subsets were depleted RSV replication was markedly prolonged, yet no illness was evident, suggesting that host immune response rather than viral cytocidal effect was the primary determinant of disease in mice. Both CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes contributed to illness, although CD8+ lymphocytes appeared to play the dominant role in this particular system. Analysis of histological responses suggested that CD4+ lymphocytes were required for the appearance of peribronchovascular lymphocytic aggregates seen in normal mice after rechallenge, and that the presence of alveolar lymphocytes was correlated with illness. It is postulated that antibody is an illness-sparing mechanism for protecting mice from RSV infection...

Reference values of T lymphocyte subsets among health adults in Inner Mongolia Region

Yang, Hong; Wu, Yumei; Li, Haoxue; Gao, Yongming; Qu, Lin; Yang, Jingyuan; Tao, Bo
Fonte: e-Century Publishing Corporation Publicador: e-Century Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Estimation of T-lymphocyte subsets continues to be an important aspect for monitoring HIV disease progression and response to antiretroviral therapy. Most of the diagnostic laboratories often rely on studies from western for CD4+T-lymphocyte reference values, which could, often be unreliable for usage in local settings. To establish the normal reference values of T lymphocyte subsets from healthy people of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, flow cytometry was performed to determine the reference ranges for lymphocyte subsets (CD3 and CD4 cells) in 400 healthy multiracial adult population from 12 League Cities in Inner Mongolia Region, China. The basic information including age, gender, nationality and history was collected. There were significant differences in the absolute counting, percentage of CD3+T lymphocytes, and CD4+T lymphocyte percentage counting among different age groups. There were significant differences in CD3+, CD4+T lymphocyte percentage in the groups with different genders. There were significant differences in CD3+T lymphocyte percentage count, absolute count of CD4+T lymphocytes and CD4+T lymphocyte percentage counting in the group with ages of 16-20. There were dramatic differences in CD3+T lymphocyte percentage count and CD4+T lymphocyte percentage counting in the group with ages of 31-40. There were significant differences in CD4+T lymphocyte percentage counting. By this study...

Airway infection in stable lung transplant patients is associated with decreased intracellular T-helper type 1 pro-inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage T-cell subsets

Hodge, G.; Hodge, S.; Reynolds, P.; Holmes, M.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Munksgaard Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell Munksgaard
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.02%
Current immunosuppression protocols to prevent lung transplant rejection reduce pro-inflammatory and T-helper type 1 (Th1) cytokines. However, Th1 T-cell pro-inflammatory cytokine production is important in host defense against bacterial infection in the lungs. Excessive immunosuppression of Th1 T-cell pro-inflammatory cytokines leaves patients susceptible to infection. To investigate whether pulmonary infection in lung transplant recipients is associated with reduced Th1 T-cell pro-inflammatory cytokines, whole blood and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from 13 stable lung transplant patients with ‘culture-negative’ BAL and 13 patients with ‘culture-positive’ BAL was stimulated in vitro, and cytokine production by CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell subsets was determined using multiparameter flow cytometry. In BAL samples, there was a significant decrease in interleukin-2 (IL2) in CD3+ T cells and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in CD8+ T cells (but not CD4+) in ‘culture-positive’ compared with ‘culture-negative’ transplant patients. There was no difference in blood Th1 T-cell cytokines between ‘culture-positive’ compared with ‘culture-negative’ transplant patients. A decrease in Th1 cytokines IL-2 and TNF-α in BAL T-cell subsets is associated with isolation of potentially pathogenic organisms in the lungs in stable lung transplant patients. Excessive immunosuppression of these Th1 T-cell pro-inflammatory cytokines in stable transplant patients may leave them susceptible to infection. Modifying immunosuppression by monitoring intracellular Th1 pro-inflammatory cytokines in BAL T cells may help to improve morbidity and infection rates in stable lung transplant patients.; G. Hodge...

Tailored immune responses: novel effector helper T cell subsets in protective immunity

Kara, E.; Comerford, I.; Fenix, K.; Bastow, C.; Gregor, C.; McKenzie, D.; McColl, S.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.04%
Differentiation of naïve CD4+ cells into functionally distinct effector helper T cell subsets, characterised by distinct “cytokine signatures,” is a cardinal strategy employed by the mammalian immune system to efficiently deal with the rapidly evolving array of pathogenic microorganisms encountered by the host. Since the TH1/TH2 paradigm was first described by Mosmann and Coffman, research in the field of helper T cell biology has grown exponentially with seven functionally unique subsets having now been described. In this review, recent insights into the molecular mechanisms that govern differentiation and function of effector helper T cell subsets will be discussed in the context of microbial infections, with a focus on how these different helper T cell subsets orchestrate immune responses tailored to combat the nature of the pathogenic threat encountered.; Ervin E. Kara, Iain Comerford, Kevin A. Fenix, Cameron R. Bastow, Carly E. Gregor, Duncan R. McKenzie, Shaun R. McColl

Lymphocyte subset reference intervals in blood donors from northeastern Brazil

TORRES,ALEX J.L.; CISNEIROS,PATRÍCIA; GUEDES,ROSA; GRASSI,MARIA FERNANDA R.; MEYER,ROBERTO; BENDICHO,MARIA T.; LOPES,TAIS G.S.L.; FÉLIX,GABRIELA; NETTO,EDUARDO M.; BRITES,CARLOS; ABE-SANDES,KIYOKO; BRANDÃO,CLAUDIO; ALCANTARA-NEVES,NEUZA; FREIRE,SONGELI
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.1%
The reference intervals for leukocytes and lymphocytes currently used by most clinical laboratories present limitations as they are primarily derived from individuals of North American and European origin. The objective this study was to determine reference values for peripheral blood B lymphocytes, T lymphocyte subsets (CD4+, CD8+, naïve, memory, regulatory, TCRαβ and TCRγδ+) and NK cells from blood donors in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil. Results: The proportion of included male subjects was 73.7% and the median ages of males (34) and females (35) were found to be similar. Absolute counts total lymphocytes subsets to both gender was 1,956 (1,060-4,186) cells and relative values 34%. The T CD4+ and T CD8+ lymphocytes relative values was 51% (20-62) and 24% (9-28), respectively. The most statistically significant finding observed was a higher percentage of B lymphocytes (p=0.03) in females. Commonly cited subset reference intervals were found to be consistent with values in several populations from different geographic areas.

T lymphocyte subsets in inflammatory bowel disease: peripheral blood.

Selby, W S; Jewell, D P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1983 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
Peripheral blood T lymphocytes and T lymphocyte subsets have been quantified in 28 patients with ulcerative colitis and 26 with Crohn's disease by an indirect immunofluorescence technique using monoclonal antibodies: OKT3, which detects all peripheral blood T lymphocytes; OKT4 (T cells of helper phenotype); and OKT8 (T cells of supressor-cytotoxic phenotype). Eighteen normal subjects and 16 patients with a variety of non-inflammatory gastrointestinal disorders were studied as controls. No significant differences were found between patient and control groups in the proportions of circulating T lymphocytes or their subsets. When compared with normal subjects, absolute numbers of T lymphocytes were reduced in patients with active ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease (p less than 0.05). OKT4+ T cell numbers were reduced in ulcerative colitis, whether active (p less than 0.02) or inactive (p less than 0.05) and in active Crohn's disease (p less than 0.05) Numbers of OKT8+ T cells were reduced in active Crohn's disease (p less than 0.01). There were no differences in T lymphocyte numbers between the patient groups and the disease control subjects. The OKT4+:OKT8+ ratio in patients with inflammatory bowel disease did not differ from that in controls. No relation was found between any of the parameters studied and disease activity...

In situ characterization of T lymphocyte subsets in the reactional states of leprosy.

Modlin, R L; Gebhard, J F; Taylor, C R; Rea, T H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1983 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.97%
Using monoclonal antibodies and the immunoperoxidase technique, the numbers and distribution of T lymphocyte subsets in the tissues of reactional states of leprosy (six reversal reaction, nine erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) and two Lucio's reaction) were determined and compared with those found in stable, non-reactional patients (six tuberculoid, two borderline lepromatous and seven lepromatous). The pattern of segregation of the suppressor/cytotoxic phenotype at the periphery of the granuloma was found in both non-reactional tuberculoid lesions and reversal reactions, but was better developed in the former. In ENL and Lucio's reaction, as well as in non-reactional lepromatous tissue, the helper/inducer and suppressor/cytotoxic phenotypes were both admixed with the aggregated histiocytes. However, the helper/suppressor ratio in ENL (2.1 +/- 0.4) was significantly larger than that in non-reactional lepromatous tissue (0.7 +/- 0.4, P less than 0.001). The immature thymocyte antigen OKT6 was found on scattered large non-lymphoid cells, most commonly in tuberculoid and reversal reaction tissues, less commonly in ENL, but only irregularly in non-reactional lepromatous tissue. The peripheral pattern of the suppressor/cytotoxic phenotype may be an immunohistological reflection of a cell-mediated immune response common to both non-reactional tuberculoid and reversal reaction patients. The reversal of the helper/suppressor ratio in ENL as compared to non-reactional lepromatous disease suggests some role for cell-mediated immunity in the pathogenesis of ENL. The OKT6 positive cell is of unknown origin and function.

Thymectomy and azathioprine have no effect on the phenotype of CD4 T lymphocyte subsets in myasthenia gravis.

Melms, A; Malcherek, G; Gern, U; Sommer, N; Weissert, R; Wiethölter, H; Bühring, H J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1993 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
The influence of thymectomy and long term immunosuppression on the phenotype of CD4 T lymphocyte subsets, which were defined by the restricted expression of CD45RA and CD45RO markers, was studied by double immunofluorescence in 29 patients in different clinical stages of generalised myasthenia gravis. In the acute stage of myasthenia, before thymectomy and immunosuppression, no differences in CD4 subsets were observed in the peripheral blood from nine patients and 21 matched controls. Four to seven weeks after thymectomy, there was a slightly decreased proportion of CD4+CD45RO+ (UCHL1+) memory cells (p < 0.05, paired t test). Patients on steroids showed a more pronounced decrease of CD4+CD45RO+ cells suggesting, in addition, a drug-related effect. CD4 subsets (CD45RA, CD45RO, and CD29 positive) in the peripheral blood compartment remained largely stable over 18 to 24 months thereafter. In addition, CD4 subsets were examined in 20 patients with myasthenia gravis who had had a thymectomy between two and 17 years before. With the exception of patients on steroids, there were no differences in CD4 subsets in patients on or off azathioprine. These data did not show any relation of CD4 T cell subsets to the clinical course of myasthenia...

Distribution of T-lymphocyte subsets in Hodgkin's disease characterized by monoclonal antibodies.

Dorreen, M. S.; Habeshaw, J. A.; Wrigley, P. F.; Lister, T. A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1982 Português
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76.02%
Mononuclear-cell suspensions of lymph nodes, spleen and blood from 24 patients with active Hodgkin's disease (HD) were studied for possible imbalance of T and B lymphocytes, and T-lymphocyte subsets, using monospecific anti-T antibodies and other reagents. A profile showing T-cell predominance was demonstrated in lymph nodes and blood, with total T-cells ranging from 50-70% of the cell count. As defined by monoclonal antibodies, 70-85 of the latter comprised the "inducer" subclass, the remainder being "suppressor" cells. There were no essential differences between histologically involved and uninvolved lymph nodes from HD patients, though total T-cell proportions were lower in "normal lymph node" controls. The profiles of spleens electively removed, as part of pre-treatment staging procedures, showed reduced total T-cell numbers, whether these were involved with HD or not. These differences are accounted for principally by fewer T "inducer" cells (24%, in spleen, v. 54% in involved lymph nodes and 47% in "normal" control nodes). Possible explanations for these findings are discussed. Our results demonstrate similar profiles in histologically diseased and normal tissue, rather than any clear imbalance of T-cell proportions which might explain the profound disturbances of T-cell function frequently demonstrated in vivo and in vitro.