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Informações contábeis e o risco de insolvência de cooperativas de crédito; Accounting information and the insolvency risk of credit unions

Araujo, Marcelo Bicalho Viturino de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/05/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
Na última década, o Governo Federal incentivou a maior participação de cooperativas de crédito nos agregados financeiros do mercado brasileiro. Normas do Conselho Monetário Nacional (CMN) tiveram o objetivo de incentivar o desenvolvimento dessas instituições no país, com destaque para a possibilidade de livre admissão de associados e a motivação da administração profissional. Por isso, o conhecimento sobre aspectos da informação contábil dessas instituições é ainda mais oportuno e importante. Considerando o contexto acima e as características peculiares de cooperativas de crédito, o objetivo desta pesquisa consiste em avaliar a relação da informação contábil com o risco de insolvência de cooperativas de crédito no Brasil, assim como influência de fatores que podem alterar a relevância dessa informação. Numa etapa exploratória, foram avaliados, de forma agregada, indicadores contábeis por meio de Análise de Conglomerados e Análise de Correspondência (ANACOR). Essa análise revelou a existência de influência significativa de características qualitativas (tipo de associação, região de atuação e tamanho do ativo) nos valores de indicadores contábeis de cooperativas de crédito no Brasil. Esse aspecto fundamentou a necessidade de adequação do tipo de amostra ao objetivo principal da pesquisa. Quanto à relação da informação contábil com o risco de insolvência foi utilizada a Análise de Regressão Logística. Para a amostra selecionada...

Failures of Banks and Other Financial Institutions

Meltzer, Allan H.
Fonte: William E. Simon Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Rochester Publicador: William E. Simon Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Rochester
Português
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45.58%
The illiquidity of the Franklin National Bank and rumors of liquidity problems at other banks and financial institutions at home and abroad awaken dormant memories of the banking collapse and fears of a new collapse. We have no reason to believe that the rumors are true. However, we believe it is prudent to develop appropriate general policies in the event of insolvency or illiquidity of banks and other financial institutions.

Macro Federalism and Local Finance

Shah, Anwar
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.74%
The book is divided into two parts. The first part macro federalism provides a fresh look at emerging constitutional challenges arising from globalization and the information revolution, as well as the dynamic-efficiency and growth implications of existing federal constitutions. Several aspects of these systems are examined: (a) institutional design to achieve internal economic union; (b) policies for regional development; (c) conduct of monetary policy; (d) coordination of fiscal policies, with a special emphasis on tax harmonization; and (e) management of risks of insolvency from sub-national borrowing. The second part of the book local finance provides a comparative perspective on local finances and measures the progress of decentralized governance reforms in developing countries.

Eighth Joint Multinational Judicial Colloquium

UNCITRAL; INSOL; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
The eighth joint UNCITRAL/INSOL/World Bank multinational judicial colloquium was held in Vancouver, Canada on 20-21 June 2009. Over 80 judges and government officials attended from some 40 states, representing a broad range of practical experience and perspectives, particularly with respect to cross-border insolvency, from diverse legal systems. The colloquium provided a widely-welcomed opportunity for judges to have contact with each other and to further their understanding of the various national approaches to cross-border insolvency cases. A number of judges attending had not attended previous colloquia.

Food and Agricultural Policy in Russia : Progress to Date and the Road Forward

Csaki, Csaba; Nash, John; Matusevich, Vera; Kray, Holger
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
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35.74%
The overall finding of this report is that much agricultural policy is made at the regional level, and here the explicit price, and trade policy distortions are significantly worse than at the federal level. The result is patchwork of inconsistent policies, that has fragmented the Russian national market. The most serious policy issues at the federal level, are in the legal framework, the continued state domination of some markets, and, the administration of limited subsidies, in ways that undermine market development. A major problem is that large farms face soft budget constraints, with tolerance of non-payment of debt, resulting in an increasing debt burden, little incentive for true restructuring, and an uneven playing field with respect to the private sector. The government recently addressed the issue of farm insolvency, through the Resolution on Agricultural Debt Restructuring, and, a fundamental approach to this problem is being elaborated in the draft Law on Financial Rehabilitation of Agricultural Enterprises. But the key to giving enterprises an incentive to participate in real restructuring...

Governance of Public Pension Funds : Lessons from Corporate Governance and International Evidence

Hess, David; Impavido, Gregorio
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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35.58%
An understanding of corporate governance theory can promote the adoption of appropriate governance tools to limit agency problems in public pension fund management. The absence of a market for corporate control hinders the translation of lessons from the private sector corporate world to public pension governance. The establishment of a fit, and proper governing body for public pension funds, thus may be even more important than the maintenance of a comparable body for private sector corporations. In particular, behavioral controls should be carefully designed.

Governance of State Owned Enterprises and Public Agencies in the Islamic Republic of Mauritania; Gouvernance du secteur parapublic en Republique Islamique de Mauritanie

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.86%
This study analyzes the governance framework of the business portfolio of Mauritanian institutions and government agencies and offers avenues for reform. The report begins with an overview of the scope of work and performance of the portfolio mentioned using the term Para-Statal sector and identifies the main challenges represented by this sector. It then analyzes the governance framework of Para-statal sector of Mauritania through comparative references from the guidelines of the OECD. The diagnosis includes an analysis of the legal framework, the supervisory function, risk monitoring budget and performance in terms of delivery of services, advice to administration, transparency and dissemination of information. The report closes with a detailed and sequenced action plan compiled from observations in the diagnosis and offers a series of suggestions for appropriate reforms to the institutional context of Mauritania. The action plan focuses primarily on strengthening the monitoring of risk of the budget and proposes ways of sequenced reforms taking into account both international examples and the Mauritanian context.

Doing Business Economy Profile 2016; Republic of Congo

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.58%
This economy profile for Doing Business 2016 presents the 11 Doing Business indicators for Congo, Republic of. To allow for useful comparison, the profile also provides data for other selected economies (comparator economies) for each indicator. Doing Business 2016 is the 13th edition in a series of annual reports measuring the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business; for 2015 Congo,Republic of ranks 176. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 189 economies from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe and over time. Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in regulations affecting 11 areas in the life cycle of a business: starting a business...

Doing Business Economy Profile 2016; Democratic Republic of Congo

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.58%
This economy profile for Doing Business 2016 presents the 11 Doing Business indicators for Congo, Democratic Republic of. To allow for useful comparison, the profile also provides data for other selected economies (comparator economies) for each indicator. Doing Business 2016 is the 13th edition in a series of annual reports measuring the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business; for 2015 Congo, Democratic Republic of ranks 184. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 189 economies from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe and over time. Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in regulations affecting 11 areas in the life cycle of a business: starting a business...

Doing Business Economy Profile 2016; Arab Republic of Egypt

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.58%
This economy profile for Doing Business 2016 presents the 11 Doing Business indicators for Egypt, Arab Republic of. To allow for useful comparison, the profile also provides data for other selected economies (comparator economies) for each indicator. Doing Business 2016 is the 13th edition in a series of annual reports measuring the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business; for 2015 Egypt, Arab Republic of ranks 131. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 189 economies from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe and over time. Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in regulations affecting 11 areas in the life cycle of a business: starting a business...

Is the different treatment of corporate insolvency and personal bankruptcy under Australian law justified?

Brownbill, Conan
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
The Australian corporate insolvency and personal bankruptcy regimes are separate. In recent ears, it has been suggested the two procedures should be merged. Those favouring merger believe it would increase efficiencies, reduce existing overlap and lessen costs. The benefits of a single insolvency regulator are noted as one particular benefit of merged insolvency legislation. Such arguments in support of merger underestimate the difficulties associated with unification given the tradition of separate insolvency laws within Australia and the terms of the Constitution. Significant costs would be associated with merging insolvency and bankruptcy legislation and the reduction of two governmental insolvency regulators to one. The Commonwealth may be unable o enact merged insolvency legislation that included all existing insolvency provisions given limitations within the Constitution. These limitations do not appear to have been addressed by those arguing in favour of merged insolvency procedures. The corporate insolvency and personal bankruptcy procedures have similar objectives and procedures. Both provide for the appointment of an independent entity to ascertain the debtor's abilities, realise their assets and distribute the proceeds among creditors. Further...

Lithuania : Insolvency and Creditor Rights Systems

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Insolvency Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
The legal environment in Lithuania to support creditor rights and debt enforcement is reasonably effective, and collateral regimes have been largely centralized and modernized. Consistent with a modern system, security interests may be granted in immoveable and moveable assets, including equipment, inventory, goods, receivables, and future property. In practice, security tends to be restricted to more reliable and liquid assets, such as immovables or fixed assets. Markets for moveable assets remain poorly developed or illiquid. Appeals remain a source of delay, and other procedures could be improved. The insolvency process in Lithuania has been almost exclusively one of liquidation, plagued by delay and procedural obstacles. A new insolvency law was adopted in July 2001, bringing to three the number of insolvency laws currently in effect. At the same time, a new Enterprise Restructuring Law became effective. As of November 2001, only a few cases had been filed under the new law, which a growing consensus of stakeholders consider to be unworkable and unfavorable to creditors. The process may be aided by the developing training guides and programs. Regulation of insolvency remains fragmented and weak...

Insolvency and Creditor Rights Systems : Czech Republic

Johnson, Gordon W.
Fonte: World Bank: Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Insolvency Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
This report assesses the Czech Republic's insolvency and creditor rights systems pursuant to a joint International Monetary Fund-World Bank program to observe compliance with international standards and codes (ROSC) in areas pivotal to a country's financial sector stability and market integrity. This particular assessment is based on the World Bank Principles and Guidelines for Effective Insolvency and Creditor Rights Systems (Principles), and reviews compliance in four key areas: (i) creditor rights (including secured transactions) and enforcement procedures; (ii) the legal framework for corporate insolvency; (iii) the regulatory framework to implement the insolvency system, and (iv) the enabling framework for credit risk management and informal corporate workouts. These systems constitute an essential cornerstone of commercial confidence and the bedrock for sound credit management and resolution. The conclusions in this assessment are based on a review of the Bankruptcy and Composition Act, the laws dealing with the creation...

External Finance and Firm Survival in the Aftermath of the Crisis : Evidence from Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Clarke, George R.G.; Cull, Robert; Kisunko, Gregory
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.74%
Two data sets are used to study how country and firm characteristics affected firms' financial constraints and their likelihood of survival during the early phase of the recent global financial crisis in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, a region that was especially hard hit. The first data source provides information on the reported severity of financial constraints for 360 firms from 23 countries in 2002, 2005, and 2008. By following the same firms over time, the study summarizes both the gradual easing of financial constraints from 2002 to 2005 and their tightening during the crisis. Key findings are that financial constraints during the crisis were less severe in countries with well-established foreign banks (entered prior to year 2000), and that changes in the severity of financial constraints were more pronounced for large firms than others during the crisis (although large firms continued to have less severe constraints on average). The second data source provides information on whether firms remained in operation in 2009 in six countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Controlling for other relevant characteristics...

Guinea Bissau - The Challenge of Restoring Budgetary Discipline : A Public Expenditure Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.7%
This Public Expenditure Review (PER) presents a critical view of Guinea-Bissau's nascent democratic structure, one that does not ensure a clear separation of powers, which results in the need for the judiciary to exercise its lacking independence. Restoring budgetary discipline requires a series of actions in the area of fiscal policy at the macroeconomic level, as well as measures geared towards better prioritization, and allocation of public resources. At the same time, the government needs to resume efforts initiated before the conflict of 1998/99, and take steps to reform the current public finance management system. The renewed reform agenda should focus on the budget cycle encompassing the legal framework regulating it, the way the budget is formulated, executed, controlled and accounted for, so that it can be possible to improve efficiency, transparency, and accountability in the use of public resources. The main findings include institutional weaknesses and recurrent macroeconomic imbalances; an economy heavily dependent on exports...

Out-of-Court Debt Restructuring

Garrido, Jose M.
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
This study provides a conceptual framework for the analysis of the questions of out-of-court debt restructuring from a policy-oriented perspective. The starting point of the analysis is given by the World Bank principles for effective insolvency and creditor rights systems. The study offers an overview of out-of-court restructuring, which is not seen as fundamentally opposed to formal insolvency procedures. Actually, the study contemplates different restructuring techniques as forming a continuum to the treatment of financial difficulties. The study discusses the advantages and disadvantages of all the debt restructuring techniques, and concludes, in this regard, that a legal system may contain a number of options a menu that can cover different sets of circumstances. In the end, the law may offer a toolbox with very different instruments that the parties may use depending on the specific facts of the case. The study also provides a checklist that can be used to examine the features of a legal system that bear a direct influence on debt restructuring activities.

Challenges to Enterprise Performance in the Face of the Financial Crisis : Eastern Europe and Central Asia

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.58%
This report takes stock of enterprise sector performance in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region and its key drivers: access to finance, infrastructure, and labor. It is the second of two complementary reports that examine selected trends emerging from the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) data that are of immediate policy relevance to ECA countries. Both reports draw primarily on information from data collected prior to the crisis. This report also uses data on employment and access to finance collected during the crisis in a subset of ECA countries. The global financial crisis has had enormous consequences for firms' access to finance, the availability of qualified workers, and the ability of governments to provide (and of private sector to obtain) reliable infrastructure services. The extent and impact of these constraints is yet to be determined but their presence at a time of economic growth suggests they may re-emerge during the post-crisis economic recovery. The BEEPS captures information on a number of aspects of the business environment. This report highlights the elements of firm finance...

Brazil Country Program Evaluation, FY2004-11 : Evaluation of the World Bank Group Program

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.58%
This country program evaluation (CPE) evaluates World Bank Group (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), or the Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) operations in Brazil from FY2004 through FY2011. It seeks to answer two questions: to what extent was the Bank Group program relevant to Brazil's development needs?, and how effective were Bank Group operations in helping to accelerate economic growth and making growth more inclusive and environmentally sustainable? The period reviewed was covered by two country strategies, one for FY2004-07 and the other for FY2008-11. The evaluation comments on aspects of the country partnership strategy (CPS) FY2012-15 with particular reference to its relevance and design. The report aims to extract lessons relevant to future Bank Group operations in Brazil. The study also examines the synergies between lending and knowledge services and the effectiveness of collaboration within the Bank Group and with external development partners. This report has five chapters. Chapter one gives purpose and country context. Chapter two summarizes the Bank Group operations and examines trends and patterns during the evaluation period. Chapters three and four assess the relevance and contributions of these operations to the objectives stated in the country strategies. The concluding chapter draws lessons and recommendations for the Bank Group's future engagement in Brazil.

East Timor Public Administration : Public Expenditure Management and Accountability Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.73%
This study focuses on the implications of East Timor's transitions from United Nations administration to Independence, from reconstruction to development and from aid dependence to fiscal independence for public expenditure policy and management. Following an assessment of the existing systems and their constraints, it makes recommendations for improvements in the public expenditure management system as a tool for achieving: 1) Macro-Economic Stability and Growth, by delivering a sustainable and productive application of resources; 2) Poverty Reduction, by allocating resources to programs that benefit and meet the needs of the poor; 3) Value-for-Money in the application of public funds, by focusing on economy, efficiency and effectiveness in public spending; 4) Good Governance, by ensuring transparency in decision-making and expenditure management, and accountability within the public sector, to the legislature and ultimately to the public. 2. The note is intended first as a contribution to the Government's on-going reform strategy. Summary recommendations are presented at the end of this report. The note is also intended as a contribution to independent assessments of the Government's financial management system undertaken by external partners. Six Chapters...

A Global View of Business Insolvency Systems

Westbrook, Lawrence; Booth, Charles D.; Paulus, Christoph G.; Rajak, Harry
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and Brill Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and Brill
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
The purpose of this book is to provide a coherent overview of the insolvency systems found around the world. Its intended audience includes academics, judges, lawyers, and policymakers. Its focus is on businesses rather than natural persons. The authors hope to give the reader a sense of some of the principal approaches to managing the general default of a business debtor. The authors will discuss the nature of the costs and benefits arising from the various policy choices legislators have made. In the process, they will emphasize the close interrelationship among various elements of an insolvency regime so that these elements can be viewed as part of an overall system and not just as a series of policy decisions about particular rules, such as the method of initiation of an insolvency case or the balance struck in setting the boundaries of an avoidance power. The organization of the book reflects our view of insolvency laws as complete systems, including not only the 'insolvency' or 'bankruptcy' code of a jurisdiction but also closely related laws and the institutional framework in which those laws are applied. The book takes a systematic approach to a variety of topics related to credit and insolvency regulation. The functional analysis starts with the study of debt enforcement...