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Instrumento de avaliação das boas práticas em unidades de alimentação e nutrição escolar : da concepção à validação; Instrument for assessment of best practices in school food and nutrition units : from design to valiadtion

Stedefeldt, Elke; Cunha, Diogo Thimoteo da; Silva Junior, Eneo Alves da; Silva, Sueli Maria da; Oliveira, Ana Beatriz Almeida de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The scope of this study was to elaborate and validate an assessment tool for Best Practices in School Food and Nutrition Units. For this purpose a survey was conducted in the city of Santos (São Paulo – Brazil), in two stages: 1) Preparation of a Checklist for Best Practices in School Food and Nutrition Units (BPAE checklist). 2) Validation of the BPAE checklist. This checklist was applied in 76 public schools along with two other reference checklists. Sensitivity and specificity were estimated using the Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) Curve and the checklist was evaluated by application of the Likert scale. The thematic groups received weights to calculatethe percentage of adequacy. After the application of the checklists in schools, the area under the curve value of 0.79 was found for the SS-196 checklist and 0.85 for the 542/2006 administrative checklist. These values indicate good suitability of the BPAE checklist to identify inadequacies, and it also received a positive assessment from the schoolfood nutritionists. It proved that the checklist will assist in decision-making to ensure quality control. Once the BPAE checklist has been fully tested and validated it should prove an important tool for quality control in school nutrition.; O objetivo deste artigo é elaborar e validar instrumento de avaliação das Boas Práticas para Unidades de Alimentação e Nutrição Escolares. Estudo desenvolvido na cidade de Santos...

Garantias sociais sob constante ameaça no Distrito Federal : entre o desequilíbrio fiscal e a pulverização de recursos na área da assistência social

Pacheco, Joselito da Silva
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
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Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Humanas, Departamento de Serviço Social, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Política Social, 2006.; O presente trabalho trata da assistência social no Distrito Federal, no início deste século, demonstrando as dificuldades financeiras, fiscais e político-adminstrativas que essa política enfrenta no seu reconhecimento como direito de cidadania. A redução ou cortes de recursos para o seu financiamento acarreta perdas para a extensão dos direitos sociais, pois coloca essa política em segundo plano perante as demais políticas públicas, além de não atender às necessidades básicas de seus destinatários. Esses danos tornam-se ainda maiores com a ineficiência dos governos em administrá-los, pois o uso de práticas arcaicas de administrar o bem público persistem por meio de políticas clientelísticas e paternalistas junto com interesses privatistas. Há, no DF, relação direta entre desequilíbrio fiscal e pulverização de recursos no desenvolvimento da assistência social, desequilíbrio este encoberto pelo discurso da “crise fiscal” do Estado, veiculado pelo credo neoliberal, cuja hegemonia impôs uma contra-reforma conservadora às reformas constitucionais...

Temporal Properties of Diagnosis Code Time Series in Aggregate

Perotte, Adler; Hripcsak, George
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2013 Português
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Time series are essential to health data research and data mining. We aim to study the properties of one of the more commonly available but historically unreliable types of data: administrative diagnoses in the form of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD9) codes. We use differential entropy of ICD9 code time series as a surrogate measure for disease time course and also explore Gaussian kernel smoothing to characterize the time course of diseases in a more fine-grained way. Compared to a gold standard created by a panel of clinicians, the first model classified diseases into acute and chronic groups with a receiver operating characteristic area under curve of 0.83. In the second model, several characteristic temporal profiles were observed including permanent, chronic, and acute. In addition, condition dynamics such as the refractory period for giving birth following childbirth were observed. These models demonstrate that ICD9 codes, despite well-documented concerns, contain valid and potentially valuable temporal information.

Indústria cultural e forró eletrônico no Rio Grande do Norte

Costa, Jean Henrique
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The present study aimed to understand how and to what extent the electronic forró, currently hegemonic in the music market in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, establishes and maintains relations of domination in the social contexts in which it is produced, transmitted and received. Based, in significant form-content, on the writings of the first generation of theorists of the so-called Frankfurt School (Critical Theory), particularly with Theodor W. Adorno, and systematically using the contributions of the Cultural Studies (from the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies of Birmingham) and of the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu, this study aimed to perform, in the fertile intersection of these references, a critical possibility of interpretation of the electronic forró predominantly spread in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. To this end, aiming at a better apprehension of the so-called capital circuits/culture circuits , this study resulted from a qualitative investment of research, based on structured interviews with musicians, entrepreneurs of the sector and music consumers, as well as on the analysis of the themes contained in the official discography of the electronic forró band called Garota Safada (Shameless Girl). As a general empirical conclusion...

The Challenges of Bankruptcy Reform

Cirmizi, Elena; Klapper, Leora; Uttamchandani, Mahesh
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
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The 2008 financial crisis was followed by a global economic downturn, credit crunch, and reduction in cross-border lending, trade finance, remittances, and foreign direct investment, which adversely affected businesses around the world. The consequent increase in the number of firm insolvencies in the financial and corporate sectors highlights the importance of efficient bankruptcy laws. This paper summarizes the theoretical and empirical literature on bankruptcy design, discusses the challenges of introducing and implementing bankruptcy reforms, and presents examples of how policymakers are trying to use the current economic downturn as an opportunity to engage in meaningful reform of the bankruptcy process.

Impact Study of Unintentional Interference on GNSS Receivers

WILDEMEERSCH Matthias; CANO PONS EDUARDO; RABBACHIN ALBERTO; FORTUNY GUASCH Joaquim
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
Português
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This work has been performed in the context of an Administrative Arrangement for DG HOME. The overall scope is to perform an impact assessment of radio frequency (RF) interference on critical infrastructures relying on GNSS-services for timing and synchronization purposes. In WP3, the analysis has been divided into the impact of intentional interference on critical infrastructures presented in WP3.1 and the analysis of unintentional interference, covered in this report. DVB-T has been identied as the most important source of unintentional interference in the GNSS frequency bands and therefore a special attention is paid to this interference source. The main motivation to assess the performance reduction of receivers due to unintentional interference, is related to the high probability of these events. Unintentional interference stems from out-of-band emissions or spurious transmissions. Four different scenarios have been considered in this work, covering (i) additive white Gaussian noise, (ii) continuous wave interference, (iii) pulsed continuous wave nterference and (iv) interference that stems from the third harmonic of DVB-T transmissions. All these scenarios are highly relevant and are frequently observed in realistic signal conditions. The scenario of DVB-T interference receives most of the attention in this work...

Climate-physiographically differentiated Pan-European landslide susceptibility assessment using spatial multi-criteria evaluation and transnational landslide information

GUNTHER Andreas; VAN DEN EECKHAUT Miet; MALET Jean-Philippe; REICHENBACH Paola; HERVAS JAVIER
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Online
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With the adoption of the EU Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection in 2006, small-scale (1:1 M) assessments of threats affecting soils over Europe received increasing attention. As landslides have been recognized as one of eight threats requiring a Pan-European evaluation,we present an approach for landslide susceptibility evaluation at the continental scale over Europe. Unlike previous continental and global scale landslide susceptibility studies not utilizing spatial information on the events, we collected more than 102,000 landslide locations in 22 European countries. These landslides are heterogeneously distributed over Europe, but are indispensable for the evaluation and classification of Pan-European datasets used as spatial predictors, and the validation of the resulting assessments. For the analysis we subdivided the European territory into seven different climatephysiographical zones by combining morphometric and climatic data for terrain differentiation, and adding a coastal zone defined as a 1 km strip inland from the coastline. Landslide susceptibility modeling was performed for each zone using heuristic spatial multicriteria evaluations supported by analytical hierarchy processes, and validated with the inventory data using the receiver operating characteristics. In contrast to purely data-driven statistical modeling techniques...

A tutela penal dos direitos autorais; Criminal protection of copyright

Nascimento, Elisa Gattás Fernandes do
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/03/2015 Português
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O presente estudo tem como objeto a norma contida no artigo 184 do Código Penal, consistente no crime de violar direitos de autor e os que lhe são conexos. A ideia central da pesquisa é perceber as raízes e a finalidade da criminalização das condutas violadoras que, em certa extensão, revelam a eventual dignidade do bem jurídico penal e, aliada à eventual necessidade, fundamenta a manutenção do dispositivo no ordenamento jurídico. Nesse contexto, a preliminar delimitação do bem jurídico penalmente protegido se mostra indispensável para a compreensão da matéria proibida, bem como para o processo de interpretação casuístico. Contudo, o tema é controverso, haja vista que a criminalização das infrações aos direitos intelectuais de forma geral não é consenso entre os penalistas ao redor do mundo, assim como a efetiva aplicação das respectivas penalidades pelos magistrados brasileiros. Isso porque equivocadamente se entende que os direitos de autor seriam, em analogia aos demais direitos intelectuais, uma espécie de direito de propriedade, e a incriminação das condutas infratoras teria por finalidade única a tutela do direito exclusivo de exploração econômica de sua criação ou invento. Da referida análise concluiu-se que...

Financial Sector Assessment Program - Albania : Core Principles for Effective Deposit Insurance Systems

World Bank; International Monetary Fund
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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This assessment of compliance with the core principles for effective deposit insurance systems (core principles) was conducted as a part of the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) performed by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank at the request of the Albanian government. This assessment was conducted by Claire McGuire, Senior Financial Sector Specialist with the World Bank, during a mission to Albania from October 28th to November 11th, 2013. The assessment was based on a review of relevant laws, regulations and regulatory and supervisory practices related to the banking sector and the operations of ADIA. Multiple meetings were held with various employees of the Bank of Albania (BOA), Ministry of Finance (MOF), the Banker's Association, the two savings and credit associations, and ADIA. ADIA completed a self-assessment in preparation for the FSAP.

Financial Sector Assessment Program Update : Assessment of Philippines Deposit Insurance Corporation

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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The global economic and financial sector crisis of 2008-09 became a stark reminder to countries around the world of the need for an effective process for maintaining the confidence of depositors and resolving troubled financial institutions with the least amount of adverse impact on the financial sector and the community served by the institutions. The role of deposit insurance was highlighted during this difficult time. Nations without a formal system found the need to reassure their citizens by announcing formal government guaranties. Nations with established systems were not immune from the public's concern and as a result many increased the allowable coverage. The Philippines, although somewhat immune from the global crisis, none the less felt the impact of the crisis and responded, as did other countries, by taking steps to address the possible impact of the crisis by bolstering depositor confidence. The Philippines stands out among its Asian neighbors at being in the forefront of deposit insurance. Long before deposit insurance became popular at the peak of the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990's...

Financial Sector Assessment Program : Malaysia - Core Principles for Effective Deposit Insurance Systems

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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15.93%
This assessment of compliance with the Core Principles for Effective Deposit Insurance Systems (Core Principles) was conducted as a part of the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) performed by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank at the request of the Malaysian government. This assessment was conducted by Claire McGuire, Senior Financial Sector Specialist with the World Bank, during a mission to Malaysia from March 27 to April 13, 2012. The assessment was based on a review of relevant laws, regulations and regulatory and supervisory practices related to the conventional banking sector and the operations of PIDM. There has been no experience with bank failures in Malaysia since Perbadanan Insurans Deposit Malaysia (PIDM's) establishment in 2005. As a result the assessment looked at the relevant provisions of the legal framework without consideration of how the laws had been applied in practice or interpreted by the courts. Several weaknesses in the legal framework have been noted in this assessment.

Public Wrongs, Private Actions : Civil Lawsuits to Recover Stolen Assets

Brun, Jean Pierre; Dubois, Pascale Helene; van der Does de Willebois, Emile; Hauch, Jeanne; Jaïs, Sarah; Mekki, Yannis; Sotiropoulou, Anastasia; Sylvester, Katherine Rose; Uttamchandani, Mahesh
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
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Corruption and thefts of public assets harm a diffuse set of victims, weakens confidence in public institutions, damages the private investment climate, and threatens the foundations of the society as a whole. In developing countries with scarce public resources, the cost of corruption is an impediment to development: developing countries lose between US$20 to US$40 billion each year through bribery, misappropriation of funds, and other corrupt practices. Corruption is by no means a "victimless crime." This study aims to explore the standing of States and Government entities as victims and the possible recourse to private actions to redress public wrongs. States and Government entities may act as private litigants and bring civil suits to recover assets lost to corruption. The goal of this work is to promote knowledge and understanding as well as to increase the use of civil remedies and private lawsuits to recover stolen assets in the context of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) offences. The UNCAC...

A Global View of Business Insolvency Systems

Westbrook, Lawrence; Booth, Charles D.; Paulus, Christoph G.; Rajak, Harry
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and Brill Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and Brill
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
Português
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The purpose of this book is to provide a coherent overview of the insolvency systems found around the world. Its intended audience includes academics, judges, lawyers, and policymakers. Its focus is on businesses rather than natural persons. The authors hope to give the reader a sense of some of the principal approaches to managing the general default of a business debtor. The authors will discuss the nature of the costs and benefits arising from the various policy choices legislators have made. In the process, they will emphasize the close interrelationship among various elements of an insolvency regime so that these elements can be viewed as part of an overall system and not just as a series of policy decisions about particular rules, such as the method of initiation of an insolvency case or the balance struck in setting the boundaries of an avoidance power. The organization of the book reflects our view of insolvency laws as complete systems, including not only the 'insolvency' or 'bankruptcy' code of a jurisdiction but also closely related laws and the institutional framework in which those laws are applied. The book takes a systematic approach to a variety of topics related to credit and insolvency regulation. The functional analysis starts with the study of debt enforcement...

Développement et validation d’un index de prédiction des risques d’institutionnalisation et de décès pour le contrôle des variables confondantes non-mesurées dans la population âgée

Béland, Sarah-Gabrielle
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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16.38%
Le biais de confusion est un défi majeur des études observationnelles, surtout s'ils sont induits par des caractéristiques difficiles, voire impossibles, à mesurer dans les banques de données administratives de soins de santé. Un des biais de confusion souvent présents dans les études pharmacoépidémiologiques est la prescription sélective (en anglais « prescription channeling »), qui se manifeste lorsque le choix du traitement dépend de l'état de santé du patient et/ou de son expérience antérieure avec diverses options thérapeutiques. Parmi les méthodes de contrôle de ce biais, on retrouve le score de comorbidité, qui caractérise l'état de santé d'un patient à partir de médicaments délivrés ou de diagnostics médicaux rapportés dans les données de facturations des médecins. La performance des scores de comorbidité fait cependant l'objet de controverses car elle semble varier de façon importante selon la population d'intérêt. Les objectifs de cette thèse étaient de développer, valider, et comparer les performances de deux scores de comorbidité (un qui prédit le décès et l’autre qui prédit l’institutionnalisation), développés à partir des banques de services pharmaceutiques de la Régie de l'assurance-maladie du Québec (RAMQ) pour leur utilisation dans la population âgée. Cette thèse vise également à déterminer si l'inclusion de caractéristiques non rapportées ou peu valides dans les banques de données administratives (caractéristiques socio-démographiques...

L'Article personal en català marca d'oralitat en l'escriptura /

Coromina i Pou, Eusebi
Fonte: Bellaterra : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: Bellaterra : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 Português
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15.93%
Consultable des del TDX; Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada; Des dels orígens de la llengua, el català ha utilitzat una partícula o article que s'anteposa sistemàticament als noms propis de persona (noms de pila, cognoms i sobrenoms), especialment en les manifestacions lingüístiques orals espontànies. Aquesta partícula o article personal adopta en els inicis les formes en (masculí) i na (femení), provinents dels mots del llatí vulgar DOMINE i DOMINA, i, fins al segle xv, constitueix un tractament de respecte o de cortesia. que precedeix el nom de les persones de tots els estaments socials. Ho testimonien els textos literaris, espistolars, administratius o historiogràfics estudiats i les declaracions processals del XIII al XVII, les quals reflecteixen, encara que parcialment, la llengua espontània o no formal que utilitzaven els declarants en un judici oral. A partir del XV perd el valor de tractament respectuós (primer, en la llengua parlada) i esdevé un mer presentador dels noms propis de persona, tal com s'utilitza avui. Si bé les formes originàries s'han conservat en el balear, a la resta del domini lingüístic l'article personal ha adoptat altres formes o combinacions: en i la, el i la o lo i la, segurament per analogia amb l'article definit. L'ús d'aquest article no té repercussions sintàctiques en català. A diferència de l'article definit...

The role of environmental factors in the spatial distribution of Japanese encephalitis in mainland China

Wang, Liya; Hu, Wenbiao; Soares Magalhaes, Ricardo; Bi, Peng; Ding, Fan; Sun, Hailong; Li, Shenlong; Yin, Wenwu; Wei, Lan; Liu, Qi-Yong; Clements, Archie
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the most common cause of viral encephalitis and an important public health concern in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly in China where 50% of global cases are notified. To explore the association between environmental factors and human JE cases and identify the high risk areas for JE transmission in China, we used annual notified data on JE cases at the center of administrative township and environmental variables with a pixel resolution of 1. km. ×. 1. km from 2005 to 2011 to construct models using ecological niche modeling (ENM) approaches based on maximum entropy. These models were then validated by overlaying reported human JE case localities from 2006 to 2012 onto each prediction map. ENMs had good discriminatory ability with the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating curve (ROC) of 0.82-0.91, and low extrinsic omission rate of 5.44-7.42%. Resulting maps showed JE being presented extensively throughout southwestern and central China, with local spatial variations in probability influenced by minimum temperatures, human population density, mean temperatures, and elevation, with contribution of 17.94%-38.37%, 15.47%-21.82%, 3.86%-21.22%, and 12.05%-16.02%, respectively. Approximately 60% of JE cases occurred in predicted high risk areas...