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ACTN3 R577X polymorphism and long-term survival in patients with chronic heart failure

Bernardez-Pereira, Sabrina; Santos, Paulo C J L; Krieger, Jose E; Mansur, Alfredo J; Pereira, Alexandre C
Fonte: BMC; London Publicador: BMC; London
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.12%
Abstract Background Previous studies have shown the occurrence of actinin-3 deficiency in the presence of the R577X polymorphism in the ACTN3 gene. Our hypothesis is that this deficiency, by interfering with the function of skeletal muscle fiber, can result in a worse prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure. Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted from 2002 to 2004. The eligibility criteria included diagnosis of chronic heart failure stage C from different etiologies. We excluded all patients with concomitant disease that could be related to poor prognosis. ACTN3 rs1815739 (R577X) polymorphism was detected by high resolution melting analysis. Survival curves were calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method and evaluated with the log-rank statistic. The relationship between the baseline variables and the composite end-point of all-cause death was assessed using a Cox proportional hazards survival model. Results A total of 463 patients were included in this study. The frequency of the ACTN3 577X variant allele was 39.0%. The LVEF mean was 45.6 ± 18.7% and the most common etiology of this study was hypertensive. After a follow-up of five years...

Growth hormone attenuates skeletal muscle changes in experimental chronic heart failure

dos Santos, Denis Pioli; Okoshi, Katashi; Moreira, Vanessa O.; Seiva, Fabio R. F.; Alves de Almeida, Fernanda Losi; Padovani, Carlos Roberto; Carvalho, Robson Francisco; Okoshi, Marina Politi; Cicogna, Antonio Carlos; Barros Castro, Ana Valeria; Dal Pai-S
Fonte: Churchill Livingstone Publicador: Churchill Livingstone
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 149-155
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.09%
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of growth hormone (GH) on morphology and myogenic regulatory factors (MRF) gene expression in skeletal muscle of rats with ascending aortic stenosis (AAS) induced chronic heart failure.Design: Male 90-100 g Wistar rats were subjected to thoracotomy. AAS was created by placing a stainless-steel clip on the ascending aorta. Twenty five weeks after surgery, rats were treated with daily subcutaneous injections of recombinant human GH (2 mg/kg/day; AAS-GH group) or saline (AAS group) for 14 days. Sham-operated animals served as controls. Left ventricular (LV) function was assessed before and after treatment. IGF-1 serum levels were measured by ELISA. After anesthesia, soleus muscle was frozen in liquid nitrogen. Histological sections were stained with HE and picrosirius red to calculate muscle fiber cross-sectional area and collagen fractional area, respectively. MRF myogenin and MyoD expression was analyzed by reverse transcription PCR.Results: Body weight was similar between groups. AAS and AAS-GH groups presented dilated left atrium, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LV mass index: Control 1.90 +/- 0.15; AAS 3.11 +/- 0.44; AAS-GH 2.94 +/- 0.47 g/kg; p < 0.05 AAS and AAS-GH vs. Control), and reduced LV posterior wall shortening velocity. Soleus muscle fiber area was significantly lower in AAS than in Control and AAS-GH groups; there was no difference between AAS-GH and Control groups. Collagen fractional area was significantly higher in MS than Control; AAS-GH did not differ from both Control and AAS groups. Serum IGF-1 levels decreased in AAS compared to Control. MyoD mRNA was significantly higher in AAS-GH than AAS; there was no difference between AAS-GH and Control groups. Myogenin mRNA levels were similar between groups.Conclusion: In rats with aortic stenosis-induced heart failure...

Color Doppler imaging of the ophthalmic artery in patients with chronic heart failure

Almeida-Freitas,Daniela B.; Meira-Freitas,Daniel; Melo Jr,Luiz Alberto Soares de; Paranhos Jr,Augusto; Iared,Wagner; Ajzen,Sergio
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.24%
Purpose: To evaluate the ophthalmic artery hemodynamics in patients with chronic heart failure. Methods: Doppler parameters of ophthalmic artery of 18 patients with chronic heart failure in different stages of the disease were compared with 21 healthy volunteers (control group). These parameters were also correlated with echocardiographic assessments and clinical cardiologic status. Results: Mean diastolic velocity was 5.14 ± 2.4 cm/s in the chronic heart failure group and 7.44 ± 3.5 cm/s in the control group (p=0.007). Mean resistance index of the ophthalmic artery was 0.76 ± 0.08 in the chronic heart failure group and 0.70 ± 0.08 in the control group (p=0.04). Mean systolic velocity of the ophthalmic artery was 22.03 ± 7.7 cm/s in the chronic heart failure group and 25.32 ± 9.2 cm/s in the control group (p=0.24). There was a negative correlation between the resistance index of the ophthalmic artery and systemic blood pressure of patients with chronic heart failure (r= -0.47, p=0.007). Diastolic velocity of the ophthalmic artery correlated positively with systemic blood pressure (r=0.44, p=0.02). Conclusion: Lower diastolic velocity and higher resistance index were observed in the ophthalmic artery of chronic heart failure patients when compared to the control group...

Influence of skeletal muscle mass on ventilatory and hemodynamic variables during exercise in patients with chronic heart failure

Costa,Ricardo Vivacqua Cardoso; Nóbrega,Antonio Claudio Lucas da; Serra,Salvador Manoel; Rego,Salete; Wajngarten,Mauricio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.08%
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of skeletal muscle mass on ventilatory and hemodynamic variables during exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: Twenty-five male patients underwent maximum cardiopulmonary exercise testing on a treadmill with a ramp protocol and measurement of the skeletal muscle mass of their thighs by using magnetic resonance imaging. The clinically stable, noncachectic patients were assessed and compared with 14 healthy individuals (S) paired by age and body mass index, who underwent the same examinations. RESULTS: Similar values of skeletal muscle mass were found in both groups (CHF group: 3863 ± 874 g; S group: 3743 ± 540 g; p = 0.32). Significant correlations of oxygen consumption in the anaerobic threshold (CHF: r = 0.39; P= 0.02 and S: r = 0.14; P = 0.31) and of oxygen pulse also in the anaerobic threshold (CHF: r = 0.49; P = 0.01 and S: r =0.12; P = 0.36) were found only in the group of patients with chronic heart failure. CONCLUSION: The results obtained indicate that skeletal muscle mass may influence the capacity of patients with CHF to withstand submaximal effort, due to limitations in their physical condition, even maintaining a value similar to that of healthy individuals. This suggests qualitative changes in the musculature.

Changes in cardiac aldosterone and its synthase in rats with chronic heart failure: an intervention study of long-term treatment with recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide

Zhu,X.Q.; Hong,H.S.; Lin,X.H.; Chen,L.L.; Li,Y.H.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96%
The physiological mechanisms involved in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced chronic heart failure (CHF) are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated local changes in cardiac aldosterone and its synthase in rats with ISO-induced CHF, and evaluated the effects of treatment with recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide (rhBNP). Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 different groups. Fifty rats received subcutaneous ISO injections to induce CHF and the control group (n=10) received equal volumes of saline. After establishing the rat model, 9 CHF rats received no further treatment, rats in the low-dose group (n=8) received 22.5 μg/kg rhBNP and those in the high-dose group (n=8) received 45 μg/kg rhBNP daily for 1 month. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiographic and hemodynamic analysis. Collagen volume fraction (CVF) was determined. Plasma and myocardial aldosterone concentrations were determined using radioimmunoassay. Myocardial aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Cardiac function was significantly lower in the CHF group than in the control group (P<0.01), whereas CVF, plasma and myocardial aldosterone, and CYP11B2 transcription were significantly higher than in the control group (P<0.05). Low and high doses of rhBNP significantly improved hemodynamics (P<0.01) and cardiac function (P<0.05) and reduced CVF...

Aerobic exercise improves the inflammatory profile correlated with cardiac remodeling and function in chronic heart failure rats

Nunes,Ramiro B.; Alves,Jadson P.; Kessler,Luíza P.; Lago,Pedro Dal
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.21%
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise training on cardiac functioning and remodeling and on the plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines in chronic heart failure rats. METHODS: Wistar rats were subjected to myocardial infarction or sham surgery and assigned to 4 groups: chronic heart failure trained (n = 7), chronic heart failure sedentary (n = 6), sham trained (n = 8) and sham sedentary (n = 8). Four weeks after the surgical procedures, the rats were subjected to aerobic training in the form of treadmill running (50 min/day, 5 times per week, 16 m/min). At the end of 8 weeks, the rats were placed under anesthesia, the hemodynamic variables were recorded and blood samples were collected. Cardiac hypertrophy was evaluated using the left ventricular weight/body weight ratio, and the collagen volume fraction was assessed using histology. RESULTS: The chronic heart failure trained group showed a reduction in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, a lower left ventricular weight/body weight ratio and a lower collagen volume fraction compared with the chronic heart failure sedentary group. In addition...

Detecting early clinical deterioration in chronic heart failure patients post-acute hospitalisation - a critical component of multidisciplinary, home-based intervention?

Stewart, S.; Horowitz, J.
Fonte: Elsevier Science BV Publicador: Elsevier Science BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96%
Aims: To firstly describe the prevalence, characteristics and consequences of early clinical deterioration (ECD) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients discharged from acute hospital care and, secondly, to examine the potential benefits of a multidisciplinary, home-based intervention (HBI) in limiting the common sequelae of such deterioration. Methods: This phenomenon was studied in 90 CHF patients assigned to the intervention arm of a randomised study of HBI. ECD was defined as death, unplanned re-admission or clinical instability (detected at a home visit) within 14 days of hospital discharge. Multivariate analysis was used to determine the independent correlates of ECD. Using these data, a 1:1 case–control ratio of patients assigned to the usual care arm of the study was selected to match those patients exhibiting non-fatal ECD and subject to HBI. Subsequent morbidity and mortality rates were then compared on the basis of the presence or absence of non-fatal ECD and/or HBI. Results: Of the 90 patients assigned to HBI, two died suddenly, five required an unplanned re-admission to hospital and 28 were found to be clinically unstable at a planned home visit, within 14 days of discharge from the index admission. The combined prevalence of ECD this cohort was therefore 39% (35 of 90 patients) and was independently correlated with greater age (OR=1.1 per yearly increment; P<0.001) and comorbidity (OR=2.0 per incremental Charlson index of comorbidity score; P<0.001). Patients who exhibited clinical instability at the home visit were significantly more likely to be non-adherent to prescribed treatment (10 of 28 vs. 9 of 55; P<0.05). Compared to the remainder of the cohort also subject to HBI...

Extending the horizon in chronic heart failure: Effects of multidisciplinary, home-based intervention relative to usual care

Inglis, S.; Pearson, S.; Treen, S.; Gallasch, T.; Horowitz, J.; Stewart, S.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.13%
Background - The long-term impact of chronic heart failure management programs over the typical life span of affected individuals is unknown. Methods and Results - The effects of a nurse-led, multidisciplinary, home-based intervention (HBI) in a typically elderly cohort of patients with chronic heart failure initially randomized to either HBI (n=149) or usual postdischarge care (UC) (n=148) after a short-term hospitalization were studied for up to 10 years of follow-up (minimum 7.5 years of follow-up). Study end points were all-cause mortality, event-free survival (event was defined as death or unplanned hospitalization), recurrent hospital stay, and cost per life-year gained. Median survival in the HBI cohort was almost twice that of UC (40 versus 22 months; P<0.001), with fewer deaths overall (HBI, 77% versus 89%; adjusted relative risk, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.53 to 0.80; P<0.001). HBI was associated with prolonged event-free survival (median, 7 versus 4 months; P<0.01). HBI patients had more unplanned readmissions (560 versus 550) but took 7 years to overtake UC; the rates of readmission (2.04±3.23 versus 3.66±7.62 admissions; P<0.05) and related hospital stay (14.8±23.0 versus 28.4±53.4 days per patient per year; P<0.05) were significantly lower in the HBI group. HBI was associated with 120 more life-years per 100 patients treated compared with UC (405 versus 285 years) at a cost of $1729 per additional life-year gained when we accounted for healthcare costs including the HBI. Conclusions - In altering the natural history of chronic heart failure relative to UC (via prolonged survival and reduced frequency of recurrent hospitalization)...

Effects of a nurse-led, clinic and home-based intervention on recurrent hospital use in chronic heart failure

Thompson, D.; Roebuck, A.; Stewart, S.
Fonte: Elsevier Science BV Publicador: Elsevier Science BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96%
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the potential benefits of specialist nurse-led programs of care involving home and clinic-based follow-up to optimise the post-discharge management of chronic heart failure (CHF). OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a hybrid program of clinic plus home-based intervention (C+HBI) in reducing recurrent hospitalisation in CHF patients. METHODS: CHF patients with evidence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction admitted to two hospitals in Northern England were assigned to a C+HBI lasting 6 months post-discharge (n=58) or to usual, post-discharge care (UC: n=48) via a cluster randomization protocol. The co-primary endpoints were death or unplanned readmission (event-free survival) and rate of recurrent, all-cause readmission within 6 months of hospital discharge. RESULTS: During study follow-up, more UC patients had an unplanned readmission for any cause (44% vs. 22%: P=0.019, OR 1.95 95% CI 1.10-3.48) whilst 7 (15%) versus 5 (9%) UC and C+HBI patients, respectively, died (P=NS). Overall, 15 (26%) C+HBI versus 21 (44%) UC patients experienced a primary endpoint. C+HBI was associated with a non-significant, 45% reduction in the risk of death or readmission when adjusting for potential confounders (RR 0.55...

Hydralazine does not ameliorate nitric oxide resistance in chronic heart failure

Chirkov, Y.; De Sciscio, M.; Sverdlov, A.; Leslie, S.; Sage, P.; Horowitz, J.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96%
Purpose: The A-HeFT trial demonstrated incremental survival with hydralazine/isosorbide dinitrate combination in African–American patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). It has been suggested that hydralazine might enhance nitric oxide (NO)—mediated effects of organic nitrates by decreasing superoxide (O2−) formation, one of the factors inducing NO resistance. We evaluated whether hydralazine therapy potentiates nitrate-induced vasodilation and inhibition of platelet aggregation by ameliorating NO resistance. Methods: Patients (n  = 14) with NYHA class II-III CHF were studied in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study of the effects of hydralazine therapy (25 mg b.d., for 1 week) on physiological responsiveness to glyceryl trinitrate (GTN). Vascular response to GTN was assessed via applanation tonometry, as change in augmentation index (AIx) over time. Platelet responsiveness to GTN and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was determined, as inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation. O2− release was evaluated during aggregation via lucigenin-derived chemiluminescence. Results: Platelet responsiveness to the NO donors GTN and SNP was impaired, denoting the presence of severe NO resistance. Hydralazine therapy decreased systolic blood pressure by 6.8 ± 10.5 (S.D.) mmHg (p = 0.02)...

Multi-centre experience on the use of perhexiline in chronic heart failure and refractory angina: old drug, new hope

Phan, T.; Shivu, G.; Choudhury, A.; Abozguia, K.; Davies, C.; Naidoo, U.; Ahmed, I.; Yousef, Z.; Horowitz, J.; Frenneaux, M.
Fonte: Elsevier Science BV Publicador: Elsevier Science BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.03%
Aims: The objective of this study is to report on our 5-year collective experience on the use of perhexiline in the UK, in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and/or refractory angina with respect to ‘real-life’ drug side effects and toxicity, therapeutic drug level monitoring, 5 year mortality outcomes and predictors of response to perhexiline therapy. Methods and results: Data on clinical history, perhexiline monitoring, follow-up, and mortality were retrospectively collated from centralized perhexiline databases from two tertiary referral centres. A total of 151 patients were on perhexiline therapy at two UK tertiary referral centres. At 3–4 months, 68.8% of patients had drug level within the therapeutic range and 20.8% were above the therapeutic range. A total of 58.9% of patients reported to have felt better on the perhexiline (responders). The presence of refractory angina was an independent predictor of response to perhexiline therapy (odds ratio 2.84, 95% confidence interval 1.28–6.32, P = 0.01). Five-year mortality was non-significantly different between patients with refractory angina, CHF, or both (20.5, 31.0, and 38.4%, P = 0.20, respectively). Conclusion: Perhexiline therapy provides symptomatic relief in the majority of patients with minimal side effects or toxicity. Careful therapeutic level monitoring for dose titration is important to prevent acute and chronic toxicity. Patients with refractory angina were more likely to be responders.; Thanh Trung Phan...

Chronic heart failure beyond city limits

Clark, R.; McLennan, S.; Eckert, K.; Dawson, A.; Wilkinson, D.; Stewart, S.
Fonte: Deakin University Publicador: Deakin University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.09%
INTRODUCTION: Chronic heart failure (CHF) develops in frail elderly individuals who have suffered an acute or sustained insult to the structural efficiency of the heart due to the presence of underlying heart disease and/or hypertension. It is also more common in individuals with disproportionately high levels of cardiac disease or its risk factors, for example lower socioeconomic status. As such, this epidemic is particularly significant for older people, males and Aboriginal people; groups who comprise a greater proportion of the population in rural and remote Australia. The aim of this study is to determine if the rates of CHF differ between urban and rural Australia. METHOD: CHF prevalence rates derived from well validated international CHF prevalence data were applied to the Australian Bureau of Statistics Census data for 2001 and weighted to reflect the proportion of Aboriginal people in each geographical stratum. RESULTS: Australia wide, the estimated prevalence of CHF was 17.87 per 1000, ranging from 13.98/1000 in the Australian Capital Territory to 29.50/1000 in rural Northern Territory. Overall, CHF was more prevalent in rural and remote regions (19.84/1000) and large urban centres (19.01/1000) than in capital cities (16.94/1000) (p<0.001). High prevalence rates were also noted in the idyllic rural locations favoured by retirees. In Victoria...

Anaemia in chronic heart failure: more awareness is required

Pisaniello, A.; Wong, D.; Kajani, I.; Robinson, K.; Shakib, S.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.1%
AIMS To determine the characteristics of anaemic patients, how well anaemia is investigated and its contributing factors in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS Retrospective analysis of longitudinal data collected during routine management of patients admitted with CHF at an Australian tertiary hospital. One thousand and twenty-one patients admitted with CHF between 1997 and 2005 were included. Anaemia was defined as a haemoglobin concentration <110 g/L. Data were compared between anaemic and non-anaemic patients. RESULTS The prevalence of anaemia among patients with CHF was 20.3% in our study. These patients were more likely to be older, female, and have a higher prevalence of chronic renal failure and peripheral vascular disease. Despite previous studies reporting a higher mortality rate among CHF patients with anaemia, only 60% of patients had basic investigations for anaemia (i.e. iron studies, vitamin B12, folate and thyroid function testing). The cause of anaemia is usually multifactorial with 63.8% of patients having at least two factors contributing to their anaemia. Chronic renal failure, iron deficiency and anaemia of chronic disease were the most common contributors. These factors were not predicted based on abnormalities in mean corpuscular volume. Patients with anaemia had a longer length of stay in hospital. CONCLUSIONS Anaemia in patients with CHF is common but not well investigated. The aetiology of anaemia is usually multifactorial and not easily predicted. Patients with anaemia and CHF have poorer outcomes. There needs to be more awareness among clinicians about the importance of investigating and treating anaemia in patients with CHF.; A. D. Pisaniello...

Poles apart, but are they the same? A comparative study of Australian and Scottish patients with chronic heart failure

Stewart, S.; Blue, L.; Capewell, S.; Horowitz, J.; McMurray, J.
Fonte: Elsevier Science BV Publicador: Elsevier Science BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96%
This paper reports on an international comparison of the characteristics, treatment and health outcomes of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients discharged from acute hospital care in Australia and Scotland. The baseline characteristics and treatment of 200 CHF patients recruited to a randomised study of a non-pharmacological intervention in Australia and 157 CHF patients concurrently recruited to a similar study in Scotland were compared. Subsequent health outcomes (including survival and readmission) within 3 months of discharge in those patients who received usual post-discharge care in Australia (n=100) and Scotland (n=75) were also compared. Individuals in both countries were predominantly old and frail with significant comorbidity likely to complicate treatment. Similar proportions of Australian and Scottish patients were prescribed either a 'high' (20 vs. 18%) or medium (64 vs. 66%) dose of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. Proportionately more Australian patients were prescribed a long-acting nitrate, digoxin and/or a beta-blocker. At 3 months post-discharge, 57 of the 100 (57%: 95% CI 47--67%) Australian and 37 of the 75 (49%: 95% CI 38--61%) Scottish patients assigned to 'usual care' remained event-free (NS). Similarly...

The WHICH? trial: rationale and design of a pragmatic randomized, multicentre comparison of home- vs. clinic-based management of chronic heart failure patients

Stewart, S.; Carrington, M.; Marwick, T.; Davidson, P.; Macdonald, P.; Horowitz, J.; Krum, H.; Newton, P.; Reid, C.; Scuffham, P.
Fonte: Elsevier Science BV Publicador: Elsevier Science BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.09%
Aims: To describe the rationale and design of the Which Heart failure Intervention is most Cost-effective & consumer friendly in reducing Hospital care (WHICH?) trial. Methods: WHICH? is a pragmatic, multicentre, randomized controlled trial that seeks to determine if multidisciplinary management of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients post-acute hospitalization delivered in a patient's own home is superior to care delivered via a specialist CHF outpatient clinic. The composite primary endpoint is all-cause, unplanned recurrent hospitalization or death during 12–18 months of follow-up. Of 688 eligible patients, 280 patients (73% male and 66% principal diagnosis of CHF) with a mean age of 71 ± 14 years have been randomized to home- (n = 143) or clinic-based (n = 137) post-discharge management. This will provide 80% power (two-sided alpha of 0.05) to detect a 15% absolute difference in both the primary end-point and rate of all-cause hospital stay. Preliminary data suggest that the two groups are well matched in nearly all baseline socio-economic and clinical parameters. The majority of patients have significant co-morbidity, including hypertension (63%), coronary artery disease (55%), and atrial fibrillation (53%) with an accordingly high Charlson Index of Comorbidity Score (6.1 ± 2.4). Perspective: Despite its relatively small size...

Evaluation of the six-minute walk test in patients with chronic heart failure associated with Chagas' disease and systemic arterial hypertension

Dourado,Kelly Cristina Colaço; Bestetti,Reinaldo Bulgarelli; Cardinalli-Neto,Augusto; Cordeiro,José Antônio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.14%
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate physical capacity as determined by the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with chronic heart failure due to Chagas' disease associated with systemic arterial hypertension (Chagas-SAH). METHODS: A total of 98 patients routinely followed at the Cardiomyopathy Outpatient Service were recruited. Of these, 60 (61%) were diagnosed with Chagas disease and 38 (39%) with Chagas-SAH. RESULTS: The distance walked during 6 min was 357.9 ±98 m for Chagas-SAH patients and 395.8 ± 121m for Chagas cardiomyopathy patients (p >0.05). In patients with Chagas-SAH, a negative correlation occurred between the 6MWT and the total score of the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (r= -0.51; p=0.001). No other correlations were determined between 6MWT values and continuous variables in patients with Chagas-SAH. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the 6MWT in Chagas-SAH patients are similar to those verified in Chagas cardiomyopathy patients with chronic heart failure. Coexistence of SAH does not seem to affect the functional capacity of Chagas cardiomyopathy patients with chronic heart failure.

Digoxin serum levels in patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy and heart failure

Ferrari,Samira Jorge; Bestetti,Reinaldo Bulgarelli; Cardinalli-Neto,Augusto; Bortoluzzi,Talita Bottan
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.13%
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine digoxin serum concentrations in patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy with chronic heart failure, because little is known concerning this laboratory test in patients with this condition. METHODS: This study focuses on 29 (29%) out of 101 patients with chronic heart failure secondary to Chagas' cardiomyopathy receiving digoxin therapy. Digoxin was measured by the immune-enzymatic method. RESULTS: New York Heart Association Functional Class III/IV was noted in 13 (45%) patients. The mean potassium serum level was 4.3± 0.5mEq/L, mean creatinine serum levels 1.4± 0.3dg/100ml, and left ventricular ejection fraction 34.7± 13.8%. The median digoxin serum level was 1.27 (0.55; 1.79)ng/ml. Sixteen (55%) patients had digoxin serum levels higher than 1.0ng/ml. Abnormal digoxin serum levels were verified in 13 (45%) patients. Digoxin serum levels correlated moderately with creatinine serum levels (r = 0.39; p< 0.03) and negatively with sodium serum levels (r= -0.38; p= 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Digoxin serum concentration should be measured in patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy with chronic heart failure receiving digoxin therapy due to the potential for digoxin toxicity.

Impact of CPAP on physical exercise tolerance and sympathetic-vagal balance in patients with chronic heart failure

Reis,Hugo V.; Borghi-Silva,Audrey; Catai,Aparecida M.; Reis,Michel S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.06%
Background: Chronic heart failure (CHF) leads to exercise intolerance. However, non-invasive ventilation is able to improve functional capacity of patients with CHF. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on physical exercise tolerance and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with CHF. Method : Seven men with CHF (62±8 years) and left ventricle ejection fraction of 41±8% were submitted to an incremental symptom-limited exercise test (IT) on the cicloergometer. On separate days, patients were randomized to perform four constant work rate exercise tests to maximal tolerance with and without CPAP (5 cmH2O) in the following conditions: i) at 50% of peak work rate of IT; and ii) at 75% of peak work rate of IT. At rest and during these conditions, instantaneous heart rate (HR) was recorded using a cardiofrequencimeter and HRV was analyzed in time domain (SDNN and RMSSD indexes). For statistical procedures, Wilcoxon test or Kruskall-Wallis test with Dunn's post-hoc were used accordingly. In addition, categorical variables were analysed through Fischer's test (p<0.05). Results: There were significant improvements in exercise tolerance at 75% of peak work rate of IT with CPAP (405±52 vs. 438±58 s). RMSSD indexes were lower during exercise tests compared to CPAP at rest and with 50% of peak work rate of IT. Conclusion: These data suggest that CPAP appears to be a useful strategy to improve functional capacity in patients with CHF. However...

Statin therapy blunts inflammatory activation and improves prognosis and left ventricular performance assessed by Tissue Doppler Imaging in subjects with chronic ischemic heart failure: results from the Daunia Heart Failure Registry

Correale,Michele; Brunetti,Natale Daniele; Totaro,Antonio; Montrone,Deodata; Russo,Anna Rita; Fanigliulo,Anna Maria; Ieva,Riccardo; Di Biase,Matteo
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.23%
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have used Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) to evaluate the effect of statin therapy on left ventricular dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure. In this work, we aimed to determine whether statin administration influenced prognosis, inflammatory activation and myocardial performance evaluated by Tissue Doppler Imaging in subjects enrolled in the Daunia Heart Failure Registry, a local registry of patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 353 consecutive outpatients with chronic heart failure (mean follow-up 384 days), based on whether statin therapy was used. In all patients, several Tissue Doppler Imaging parameters were measured; circulating levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and C-reactive protein were also assayed. RESULTS: Statin administration in 128 subjects with ischemic heart disease was associated with a lower incidence of adverse events (rehospitalization for HF 15% vs. 46%, p<0.001; ventricular arrhythmias 5% vs. 21%, p<0.01; cardiac death 1% vs. 8%, p<0.05), lower circulating levels of IL-6 (p<0.05) and IL-10 (p<0.01), lower rates of chronic heart failure (p<0.001) and better Tissue Doppler Imaging performance (E/E' ratio 12.82 + 5.42 vs. 19.85 + 9.14...

Statin therapy blunts inflammatory activation and improves prognosis and left ventricular performance assessed by Tissue Doppler Imaging in subjects with chronic ischemic heart failure: results from the Daunia Heart Failure Registry

Correale, Michele; Brunetti, Natale Daniele; Totaro, Antonio; Montrone, Deodata; Russo, Anna Rita; Fanigliulo, Anna Maria; Ieva, Riccardo; Di Biase, Matteo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have used Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) to evaluate the effect of statin therapy on left ventricular dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure. In this work, we aimed to determine whether statin administration influenced prognosis, inflammatory activation and myocardial performance evaluated by Tissue Doppler Imaging in subjects enrolled in the Daunia Heart Failure Registry, a local registry of patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 353 consecutive outpatients with chronic heart failure (mean follow-up 384 days), based on whether statin therapy was used. In all patients, several Tissue Doppler Imaging parameters were measured; circulating levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and C-reactive protein were also assayed. RESULTS: Statin administration in 128 subjects with ischemic heart disease was associated with a lower incidence of adverse events (rehospitalization for HF 15% vs. 46%, p