Página 1 dos resultados de 325 itens digitais encontrados em 0.003 segundos

Endostatin- and interleukin-2-expressing retroviral bicistronic vector for gene therapy of metastatic renal cell carcinoma

ROCHA, Flavia Gomes de Goes; CALVO, Fernanda B.; CHAVES, Karen C.; PERON, Jean P. S.; MARQUES, Rodolfo F.; BORBA, Tania R. de; BRAGA, Marina S.; PEREIRA, Cleide B.; VICENTE, Elisabete J.; CHAMMAS, Roger; SCHOR, Nestor; BELLINI, Maria H.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
Background Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) is one of the most treatment-resistant malignancies. Despite all new therapeutic advances, almost all patients develop resistance to treatment and cure is rarely seen. In the present study, we evaluated the antitumor effect of a bicistronic retrovirus vector encoding both endostatin (ES) and interleukin (IL)-2 using an orthotopic metastatic RCC mouse model. Methods Balb/C-bearing Renca cells were treated with NIH/3T3-LendIRES-IL-2-SN cells. In the survival studies, mice were monitored daily until they died. At the end of the in vivo experiment, serum levels of IL-2 and ES were measured, the lung was weighed, and the number of metastatic nodules, nodule area, tumor vessels and proliferation of tumor-infiltrating Renca cells were determined. Results Inoculation of NIH/3T3-LendIRES-IL-2-SN cells resulted in an increase in ES and IL-2 levels in the treated group (p < 0.05). There was a significant decrease in lung wet weight, lung nodule area and tumor vessels in the treated group compared to the control group (p < 0.001). The proliferation of Renca cells in the bicistronic-treated group was significantly reduced compared to the control group (p < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the probability of survival was significantly higher for mice submitted to bicistronic therapy (log-rank test...

Endostatin gene therapy enhances the efficacy of IL-2 in suppressing metastatic renal cell carcinoma in mice

ROCHA, Flavia Gomes de Goes; CHAVES, Karen Cristina Barbosa; CHAMMAS, Roger; PERON, Jean Pierre Schatzmann; RIZZO, Luiz Vicente; SCHOR, Nestor; BELLINI, Maria Helena
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.65%
We investigated whether the administration of IL-2 combined with endostatin gene therapy was able to produce additive or even synergistic immunomodulatory activity in a mouse model of metastatic renal carcinoma. Renca cells were injected into the tail vein of BALB/c mice. After 24 h, the animals were randomly divided into four groups (5 mice/group). One group of mice was the control, the second group received treatment with 100,000 UI of Recombinant IL-2 (Proleukin, Chiron) twice a day, 1 day per week during 2 weeks (IL-2), the third group received treatment with a subcutaneous inoculation of 3.6 x 10(6) endostatin-producing cells, and the fourth group received both therapies (IL-2 + ES). Mice were treated for 2 weeks. In the survival studies, 10 mice/group daily, mice were monitored daily until they died. The presence of metastases led to a twofold increase in endostatin levels. Subcutaneous inoculation of NIH/3T3-LendSN cells resulted in a 2.75 and 2.78-fold increase in endostatin levels in the ES and IL-2 + ES group, respectively. At the end of the study, there was a significant decrease in lung wet weight, lung nodules area, and microvascular area (MVA) in all treated groups compared with the control group (P < 0.001). The significant difference in lung wet weight and lung nodules area between groups IL-2 and IL-2 + ES revealed a synergistic antitumor effect of the combined treatment (P < 0.05). The IL-2 + ES therapy Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the probability of survival was significantly higher for mice treated with the combined therapy (log-rank test...

Immobilized Kidney 28-kDa Endostatin- Related (KES28kDa) Fragment Promotes Endothelial Cell Survival

BELLINI, Maria Helena; MALPIGHI, Thiago Franca; CALVO, Fernanda Bernardes; MIRANDA, Adriana Regina; SPENCER, Patrick Jack; CICHY, Milena Cristina; SIMONS, Simone Michaela; TAVASSI, Ana Marisa Chudzinski; SANTOS, Marinilce Fagundes dos; RODRIGUES, Consuelo
Fonte: KARGER Publicador: KARGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.44%
Background/Objective: Renal ischemia-hypoxia is a leading cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). Ischemia causes extracellular matrix breakdown of the tubular basement membrane. Endostatin (ES) is the C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII generated by proteolytic cleavage. Recent studies have demonstrated that ES expression is upregulated in ischemic kidneys. The present study aimed to characterize ES from ischemic kidneys. Methods: Ischemic renal failure was induced via 45 min of occlusion of the left renal artery and vein. After the ischemic period, blood was collected. Kidneys were harvested and used for immunohistochemical testing and protein extraction. Three-step purification was used. Soluble and immobilized purified ES were tested in cell viability and adhesion assays. Results: The soluble KES28kDa inhibited endothelial cell proliferation: 25 versus 12.5 mu g (p < 0.05); 12.5 versus 3.15 mu g (p < 0.05). Immobilization of KES28kDa supports endothelial cell survival over the control p = 0.021). Human umbilical vein endothelial cells plated on immobilized KES28kDa showed an increase in membrane ruffles and stress fibers. Conclusion: These data demonstrate the local synthesis of a 28-kDa ES-related fragment following AKI and suggest its role in endothelium survival. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG...

Short-term induction of thrombocytopenia delays periodontal healing in rats with periodontal disease: participation of endostatin and vascular endothelial growth factor

SPOLIDORIO, L. C.; HERRERA, B. S.; COIMBRA, L. S.; FIGUEIREDO, M. N.; SPOLIDORIO, D. M. P.; MUSCARA, M. N.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.76%
Background and Objective: Platelets contain factors, including VEGF and endostatin, that can modulate the healing process. We evaluated the effects of severe thrombocytopenia on periodontal healing in rats and determined the contribution of VEGF and endostatin to the healing process. Material and Methods: Rats were distributed into three test groups and two control groups. Cotton ligatures were placed at the gingival margin level of the lower first molar in the test groups. Sham-operated rats and rats in one of the periodontitis groups were killed 15 days later. Rats in the remaining two periodontitis groups had the ligatures removed in order to study the spontaneous recovery from the periodontal disease 15 days later, and these rats were treated with rabbit antiplatelet serum, in order to induce thrombocytopenia, or normal rabbit serum. An additional group without ligatures received antiplatet serum in the same period. Results: After ligature removal, rats treated with normal rabbit serum showed reduced myeloperoxidase activity, decreased alveolar bone loss and increased numbers of blood vessels. Thrombocytopenia caused a delay in alveolar bone regeneration, a decrease in the number of vessels and a modest decrease in myeloperoxidase activity. In the rats with periodontitis...

Continuous and High-Level In Vivo Delivery of Endostatin From Recombinant Cells Encapsulated in TheraCyte (R) Immunoisolation Devices

MALAVASI, N. V.; RODRIGUES, D. B.; CHAMMAS, R.; CHURA-CHAMBI, R. M.; BARBUTO, J. A. M.; BALDUINO, K.; NONOGAKI, S.; MORGANTI, L.
Fonte: COGNIZANT COMMUNICATION CORP Publicador: COGNIZANT COMMUNICATION CORP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
Endostatin (ES) is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth. Continuous ES delivery of ES improves the efficacy and potency of the antitumoral therapy. The TheraCyte (R) system is a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) semipermeable membrane macroencapsulation system for implantation of genetically engineered cells specially designed for the in vivo delivery of therapeutic proteins, such as ES, which circumvents the problem of limited half-life and variation in circulating levels. In order to enable neovascularization at the tissues adjacent to the devices prior to ES secretion by the cells inside them, we designed a scheme in which empty TheraCyte (R) devices were preimplanted SC into immunodeficient mice. Only after healing (17 days later) were Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing ES injected into the preimplanted devices. In another model for device implantation, the cells expressing ES where loaded into the immunoisolation devices prior to implantation into the animals, and the TheraCyte (R) were then immediately implanted SC into the mice. Throughout the 2-month study, constant high ES levels of up to 3.7 mu g/ml were detected in the plasma of the mice preimplanted with the devices, while lower but also constant levels of ES (up to 2.1 mu g/ml plasma) were detected in the mice that had received devices preloaded with the ES-expressing cells. Immunohistochemistry using anti-ES antibody showed reaction within the device and outside it...

Endostatin gene therapy stimulates upregulation of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in a metastatic renal cell carcinoma model

Chaves, K. C. B.; Peron, J. P. S.; Chammas, R.; Turaca, L. T.; Pesquero, J. B.; Braga, M. S.; Foguer, K.; Schor, N.; Bellini, M. H.
Fonte: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP; LONDON Publicador: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP; LONDON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
One of the greatest challenges in urological oncology is renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which is the third leading cause of death in genitourinary cancers. RCCs are highly vascularized and respond positively to antiangiogenic therapy. Endostatin (ES) is a fragment of collagen XVIII that possesses antiangiogenic activity. In this study, we examined the potential of ES-based antiangiogenic therapy to activate tumor-associated endothelial cells in metastatic RCC (mRCC). Balb/c-bearing Renca cells were treated with NIH/3T3-LendSN or, as a control, with NIH/3T3-LXSN cells. The T-cell subsets and lymphocyte populations of tumors, mediastinal lymph nodes and the spleen were assessed by flow cytometry. The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) was assessed by real-time PCR, flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry analysis. ES gene therapy led to an increase in the percentage of infiltrating CD4-interferon (IFN)-gamma cells (P<0.05), CD8-IFN-gamma cells (P<0.01) and CD49b-tumor necrosis factor-alpha cells (P<0.01). In addition, ES therapy caused an increase at the mRNA level of ICAM-1 (1.4-fold; P<0.01) and VCAM-1 (1.5-fold) (control vs treated group; P<0.001). Through flow cytometry...

Fibronectin expression is decreased in metastatic renal cell carcinoma following endostatin gene therapy

Barbosa Chaves, Karen Cristina; Turaca, Lauro Thiago; Pesquero, Joao Bosco; Mennecier, Gregory; Zaidan Dagli, Maria Lucia; Chammas, Roger; Schor, Nestor; Bellini, Maria Helena
Fonte: ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER; PARIS Publicador: ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER; PARIS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
Tumor cells induce the disruption of homeostasis between cellular and extracellular compartments to favor tumor progression. The expression of fibronectin (FN), a matrix glycoprotein, is increased in several carcinoma cell types, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). RCC are highly vascularized tumors and are often amenable to antiangiogenic therapy. Endostatin (ES) is a fragment of collagen XVIII that possesses antiangiogenic activity. In this study, we examined the modulation of FN gene expression by ES gene therapy in a murine metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) model. Balb/C mice bearing Renca cells were treated with NIH/3T3-LXSN cells or NIH/3T3-LendSN cells. At the end of the experiment, the ES serum levels were measured, and the FN gene expression was assessed using real-time PCR. The tissue FN was evaluated by western blotting and by immunofluorescence analysis. The ES serum levels in treated mice were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). ES treatment led to significant decreases at the FN mRNA (P < 0.001) and protein levels (P < 0.01). Here, we demonstrate the ES antitumor effect that is mediated by down-regulation of FN expression in mRCC. (C) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.; FAPESP [2010/18969-0...

Genotype analysis of the human endostatin variant p.D104N in benign and malignant adrenocortical tumors

Mariani, Beatriz Marinho de Paula; Trarbach, Ericka Barbosa; Ribeiro, Tamaya Castro; Pereira, Maria Adelaide Albergaria; Mendonça, Berenice Bilharinho de; Fragoso, Maria Candida Barisson Villares
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.44%
OBJECTIVE: Endostatin is a potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis. It is derived from the proteolytic cleavage of collagen XVIII, which is encoded by the COL18A1 gene. A polymorphic COL18A1 allele encoding the functional polymorphism p.D104N impairs the activity of endostatin, resulting in a decreased ability to inhibit angiogenesis. This polymorphism has been previously analyzed in many types of cancer and has been considered a phenotype modulator in some benign and malignant tumors. However, these data are controversial, and different results have been reported for the same tumor types, such as prostate and breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to genotype the p.D104N variant in a cohort of pediatric and adult patients with adrenocortical tumors and to determine its possible association with the biological behavior of adrenocortical tumors. METHODS: DNA samples were obtained from 38 pediatric and 56 adult patients (0.6-75 yrs) with adrenocortical tumors. The DNA samples were obtained from peripheral blood, frozen tissue or paraffin-embedded tumor blocks when blood samples or fresh frozen tissue samples were unavailable. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to genotype the patients and 150 controls. The potential associations of the p.D104N polymorphism with clinical and histopathological features and oncologic outcome (age of onset...

Terapia antiangiogênica de tumores utilizando células produtoras de endostatina encapsuladas em dispositivos de imunoisolamento; ANTIANGIOGENIC THERAPY USING ENDOSTATIN PRODUCER CELLS ENCAPSULATED IN IMMUNOISOLATION DEVICES.

Rodrigues, Danielle Borim
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/07/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.86%
Endostatina é um inibidor específico de proliferação de células endoteliais, migração e um potente inibidor de angiogênese. Foi demonstrado que a administração contínua de endostatina é mais efetiva na supressão tumoral do que a mesma dose administrada s.c. diariamente. Encontrar a concentração de endostatina para combater o crescimento tumoral é complicado pela pequena meia vida da proteína. O transplante de células encapsuladas em dispositivos de imunoisolamento é uma abordagem promissora para muitas doenças, pois permite uma liberação por longo tempo da proteína com propriedades terapêuticas. A membrana semipermeável pode proteger as células da rejeição do sistema imune, para evitar o problema de toxicidade, meia vida limitada e variação nos níveis circulantes. O dispositivo Theracyte® é um sistema de membranas semipermeáveis para macroencapsulamento que permite o implante de células geneticamente modificadas para liberação de proteínas terapêuticas in vivo sem a necessidade de imunosupressão do hospedeiro. Foi demonstrado neste estudo que fibroblastos murinos (células LM) expressando 0,4 µg de endostatina murina/106 células em 24 horas se apresentam como uma abordagem promissora para terapia tumoral. O sistema de liberação é composto de células LM produtoras de endostatina encapsuladas em macrocápsulas Theracyte para imunoisolamento de células. Para demonstrar a utilidade deste sistema...

Terapia cecular em camundongos utilizando células CHO secretoras de endostatina transplantadas em dispositivos de imunoisolamento; OBTAINING HIGH SERUM LEVELS OF MURINE ENDOSTATIN IN MICE USING RECOMBINANT CHINESE HAMSTER OVARY CELLS SECRETING ENDOSTATIN TRANSPLANTED IN IMUNOISOLATION DEVICES

Vallejo, Natália Malavasi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/05/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.86%
Endostatina, um fragmento do colágeno XVIII de 20 kDa, é um potente inibidor de angiogênese e crescimento tumoral. Foi previamente demonstrado que a administração contínua de endostatina em modelos animais melhorou a eficácia e potência da terapia antitumoral, comparada com a administração subcutânea diária por injeções de endostatina. A liberação contínua da proteína antiangiogênica endostatina para a circulação sistêmica poderia ser um tratamento antiangiogênico ideal. O sistema Theracyte é um sistema de membranas de politetrafluoretileno semi-permeáveis para macro-encapsulamento e implante de células geneticamente modificadas para liberação de proteínas terapêuticas in vivo e que não requer a imunossupressão do hospedeiro. Com a finalidade de demonstrar a utilidade deste sistema, células CHO expressando (his)6-met-endostatina foram injetadas em dispositivos de imunoisolamento Theracyte, que foram imediatamente implantados em camundongos imunodeficientes (SCID). Em outro modelo de implante de dispositivos de imunoisolamento, os dispositivos Theracyte foram implantados em animais e depois do tempo de cicatrização (17 dias), as células expressando endostatina foram injetadas dentro dos dispositivos. Níveis altos e constantes de endostatina de até 3...

Construção e caracterização in vitro  de um vetor retroviral bicistrônico codificando endostatina e interleucina-2 para utilização em terapia gênica; Construction and chracterization in vitro of a bicistronic retroviral vector coding endostatin and interleukin-2 for use in gene therapy

Calvo, Fernanda Bernardes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.71%
A terapia gênica tem sido empregada em estudos pré-clínicos e clínicos, com o intuito de amenizar ou curar uma doença. Vetores retrovirais são uma ferramenta de transferência gênica largamente utilizada. Vetores bicistrônicos são uma alternativa interessante para o tratamento de doenças complexas. Na construção de um vetor bicistrônico pode-se empregar várias estratégias dentre elas a utilização da sequência IRES. A endostatina, fragmento do colágeno XVIII, tem sido muito utilizada na terapia anti-angiogênica devido sua ação inibitória no crescimento de células endoteliais. A imunoterapia tem sido utilizada como tratamento coadjuvante de tumores. Dentre as citocinas utilizadas, a interleucina-2 promovendo a proliferação de linfócitos T, tem sido utilizada em diversos estudos pré-clínicos e clínicos. O objetivo deste projeto foi construir e caracterizar in vitro um vetor retroviral bicistrônico codificando endostatina e interleucina-2 utlizando a sequência IRES. A construção do vetor foi realizada em três etapas, sendo comprovada a construção final por análise de restrição e seqüenciamento. Células de empacotamento foram transfectadas com o vetor, e posteriormente realizada a transdução na célula alvo. A endostatina e a interleucina-2 foram determinadas por Dot blot...

Short-term induction of thrombocytopenia delays periodontal healing in rats with periodontal disease: participation of endostatin and vascular endothelial growth factor

Spolidorio, L. C.; Herrera, B. S.; Coimbra, L. S.; Figueiredo, M. N.; Spolidorio, D. M. P.; Muscara, M. N.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 184-192
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.76%
Background and Objective:Platelets contain factors, including VEGF and endostatin, that can modulate the healing process. We evaluated the effects of severe thrombocytopenia on periodontal healing in rats and determined the contribution of VEGF and endostatin to the healing process.Material and Methods:Rats were distributed into three test groups and two control groups. Cotton ligatures were placed at the gingival margin level of the lower first molar in the test groups. Sham-operated rats and rats in one of the periodontitis groups were killed 15 days later. Rats in the remaining two periodontitis groups had the ligatures removed in order to study the spontaneous recovery from the periodontal disease 15 days later, and these rats were treated with rabbit antiplatelet serum, in order to induce thrombocytopenia, or normal rabbit serum. An additional group without ligatures received antiplatet serum in the same period.Results:After ligature removal, rats treated with normal rabbit serum showed reduced myeloperoxidase activity, decreased alveolar bone loss and increased numbers of blood vessels. Thrombocytopenia caused a delay in alveolar bone regeneration, a decrease in the number of vessels and a modest decrease in myeloperoxidase activity. In the rats with periodontitis...

Collagen XVIII/endostatin expression in experimental endotoxemic acute renal failure

Cichy,M.C.; Rocha,F.G.G.; Tristão,V.R.; Pessoa,E.A.; Cenedeze,M.A.; Nürmberg Junior,R.; Schor,N.; Bellini,M.H.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.71%
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a frequent complication of Gram-negative sepsis, with a high risk of mortality. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ARF is associated with hemodynamic changes that are strongly influenced by the overproduction of nitric oxide (NO) through the cytokine-mediated up-regulation of inducible NO synthase. LPS-induced reductions in systemic vascular resistance paradoxically culminate in renal vasoconstriction. Collagen XVIII is an important component of the extracellular matrix expressed in basement membranes. Its degradation by matrix metalloproteases, cathepsins and elastases results in the formation of endostatin, claimed to have antiangiogenic activity and to be a prominent vasorelaxing agent. We evaluated the expression of endostatin/collagen XVIII in an endotoxemic ARF model. ARF was induced in C57BL/6 mice by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg) followed by sacrifice 4 and 12 h later. Kidney tissue was the source of RNA and protein and the subject of histological analysis. As early as 4 h after LPS administration, blood urea, creatinine and NO levels were significantly increased compared to control. Endostatin/collagen XVIII mRNA levels were 0.71 times lower than sham-inoculated mice 4 h after LPS inoculation...

Genotype analysis of the human endostatin variant p.D104N in benign and malignant adrenocortical tumors

Mariani,Beatriz Marinho de Paula; Trarbach,Ericka Barbosa; Ribeiro,Tamaya Castro; Pereira,Maria Adelaide Albergaria; Mendonca,Berenice Bilharinho; Fragoso,Maria Candida Barisson Villares
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.44%
OBJECTIVE: Endostatin is a potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis. It is derived from the proteolytic cleavage of collagen XVIII, which is encoded by the COL18A1 gene. A polymorphic COL18A1 allele encoding the functional polymorphism p.D104N impairs the activity of endostatin, resulting in a decreased ability to inhibit angiogenesis. This polymorphism has been previously analyzed in many types of cancer and has been considered a phenotype modulator in some benign and malignant tumors. However, these data are controversial, and different results have been reported for the same tumor types, such as prostate and breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to genotype the p.D104N variant in a cohort of pediatric and adult patients with adrenocortical tumors and to determine its possible association with the biological behavior of adrenocortical tumors. METHODS: DNA samples were obtained from 38 pediatric and 56 adult patients (0.6-75 yrs) with adrenocortical tumors. The DNA samples were obtained from peripheral blood, frozen tissue or paraffin-embedded tumor blocks when blood samples or fresh frozen tissue samples were unavailable. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to genotype the patients and 150 controls. The potential associations of the p.D104N polymorphism with clinical and histopathological features and oncologic outcome (age of onset...

High serum level of endostatin in multiple myeloma at diagnosis but not in the plateau phase after treatment.

Urbańska-Ryś, Halina; Robak, Tadeusz
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.89%
We investigated the serum concentration of endostatin in 84 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and in 13 healthy controls. The level of measured anti-angiogenic agent was correlated with the phase and stage of the disease, and most importantly with clinical and laboratory parameters depicting the disease activity (haemoglobin, creatinine, albumins, calcium, M-component, C-reactive protein, beta2-microglobulin, lactate dehydrogenase, stage of bone disease) as well as serum levels of pro-angiogenic cytokines such as vascular endothelial growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor, fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta. The median serum level of endostatin in MM patients was 58 ng/ml and was statistically significantly higher than in the control group (median, 40 ng/ml; p=0.015). MM patients in phase I (at diagnosis) had higher levels of endostatin (median, 69 ng/ml) than those in phase II (plateau phase after treatment) (median, 49 pg/ml; p=0.044). We did not find any statistical correlation between the level of endostatin and stage of MM according to the Durie and Salmon system. The serum concentration of endostatin in MM patients with a normal level of albumins was significantly higher than in others with hypoalbuminaemia (median...

Endostatin Binds to Blood Vessels in Situ Independent of Heparan Sulfate and Does Not Compete for Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 Binding

Chang, Zhen; Choon, Aung; Friedl, Andreas
Fonte: American Society for Investigative Pathology Publicador: American Society for Investigative Pathology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.86%
Endostatin is a carboxyl-terminal proteolytic fragment of collagen XVIII and a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. The mechanism of action is unknown, but the crystal structure of endostatin predicts a prominent heparan sulfate binding site, suggesting that endostatin competitively inhibits heparin-binding angiogenic factors, such as basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2). The goal of the study was to map endostatin binding sites in intact human tissues and to determine whether this binding is heparan sulfate dependent. In situ binding was performed with recombinant epitope-tagged murine endostatin. Endostatin predominantly binds to blood vessels of different calibers in a saturable fashion. In addition, binding to some epithelial basement membranes is seen. The localization pattern is similar to that reported for collagen XVIII, endostatin’s parent molecule. In breast carcinomas, endostatin co-localizes largely with FGF-2. In a surprising contrast to FGF-2, endostatin binding is resistant to treatment with heparitinase, demonstrating that binding is not mediated by heparan sulfate proteoglycans. Furthermore, FGF-2 and heparin do not compete for endostatin binding, providing additional evidence for the discreteness of endostatin and FGF-binding sites.

Autoantibodies to endostatin in patients with breast cancer: correlation to endostatin levels and clinical outcome

Bachelot, T; Ratel, D; Menetrier-Caux, C; Wion, D; Blay, J-Y; Berger, F
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.96%
Circulating autoantibodies to self-antigens overexpressed by cancer cells are common in cancer patients. As specific proteins are expressed during neoangiogenesis, a similar phenomenon might occur with particular antigens of tumour vessels. Collagen XVIII, from which endostatin is cleaved, is highly expressed in the perivascular basement membrane of tumour-associated blood vessels and autoantibodies to endostatin have been reported in cancer patients. The present study analyses the incidence of naturally occurring autoantibodies to endostatin in the sera of breast cancer patients and their relation to endostatin serum levels and patient clinical outcome. Serum samples from 36 patients with localised breast cancer and 59 patients with a fully documented history of metastatic breast cancer were used. The immunoreactivity of serum samples was tested against purified recombinant human endostatin and endostatin levels were determined by immunoassay. We could detect anti-endostatin antibodies in the sera of 66% of the patients with localised disease and 42% of the patients with metastatic disease (P=0.03). There was no correlation between the presence of antibodies to endostatin and circulating levels of endostatin. The detection of autoantibodies to endostatin was associated with better prognosis in metastatic breast cancer patients (median survival time: 20 vs 8 months...

Endostatin induces autophagic cell death in EAhy926 human endothelial cells

Chau, Y.P.; Lin, S.Y.; Chen, J.H.C.; Tai, M.H.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.86%
Endostatin, a proteolytic fragment of collagen XVIII, is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and suppresses neovascularization and tumor growth. However, the inhibitory mechanism of endostatin in human endothelial cells has not been characterized yet. Electron microscopic analysis revealed that endostatin induced formation of numerous autophagic vacuoles in endothelial in 6 to 24 h after treatment. Moreover, there was only a 2- to 3-fold increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species after endostatin treatment. Endostatininduced cell death was not prevented by antioxidants (vitamin C, vitamin E, or propyl gallate) or caspase inhibitors, suggesting that the increase of oxidative stress or the activation of caspases may not be the crucial factors in the anti-angiogenic mechanism of endostatin. However, the cytotoxicity of endostatin was significantly reduced by 3-methyladenine (a specific inhibitor of autophagy) and serine and cysteine lysosomal protease inhibitors (leupeptin and aprotinin). Taken together, these results suggest that in human endothelial cells: (1) endostatin predominantly causes autophagic, rather than apoptotic, cell death, (2) endostatin-induced autophagic cell death occurs in the absence of caspase activation and through an oxidative-independent pathway...

Anti-tumor therapy with macroencapsulated endostatin producer cells

RODRIGUES, Danielle B.; CHAMMAS, Roger; MALAVASI, Natalia V.; COSTA, Patricia L. N. da; CHURA-CHAMBI, Rosa M.; BALDUINO, Keli N.; MORGANTI, Ligia
Fonte: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD Publicador: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.89%
Background: Theracyte is a polytetrafluoroethylene membrane macroencapsulation system designed to induce neovascularization at the tissue interface, protecting the cells from host's immune rejection, thereby circumventing the problem of limited half-life and variation in circulating levels. Endostatin is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth. Continuous delivery of endostatin improves the efficacy and potency of the antitumoral therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recombinant fibroblasts expressing endostatin encapsulated in Theracyte immunoisolation devices can be used for delivery of this therapeutic protein for treatment of mice bearing B16F10 melanoma and Ehrlich tumors. Results: Mice were inoculated subcutaneously with melanoma (B16F10 cells) or Ehrlich tumor cells at the foot pads. Treatment began when tumor thickness had reached 0.5 mm, by subcutaneous implantation of 10(7) recombinant encapsulated or non-encapsulated endostatin producer cells. Similar melanoma growth inhibition was obtained for mice treated with encapsulated or non-encapsulated endostatin-expressing cells. The treatment of mice bearing melanoma tumor with encapsulated endostatin-expressing cells was decreased by 50.0%, whereas a decrease of 56.7% in tumor thickness was obtained for mice treated with non-encapsulated cells. Treatment of Ehrlich tumor-bearing mice with non-encapsulated endostatin-expressing cells reduced tumor thickness by 52.4%...

Genotype analysis of the human endostatin variant p.D104N in benign and malignant adrenocortical tumors

Mariani, Beatriz Marinho de Paula; Trarbach, Ericka Barbosa; Ribeiro, Tamaya Castro; Pereira, Maria Adelaide Albergaria; Mendonca, Berenice Bilharinho; Fragoso, Maria Candida Barisson Villares
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.44%
OBJECTIVE: Endostatin is a potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis. It is derived from the proteolytic cleavage of collagen XVIII, which is encoded by the COL18A1 gene. A polymorphic COL18A1 allele encoding the functional polymorphism p.D104N impairs the activity of endostatin, resulting in a decreased ability to inhibit angiogenesis. This polymorphism has been previously analyzed in many types of cancer and has been considered a phenotype modulator in some benign and malignant tumors. However, these data are controversial, and different results have been reported for the same tumor types, such as prostate and breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to genotype the p.D104N variant in a cohort of pediatric and adult patients with adrenocortical tumors and to determine its possible association with the biological behavior of adrenocortical tumors. METHODS: DNA samples were obtained from 38 pediatric and 56 adult patients (0.6-75 yrs) with adrenocortical tumors. The DNA samples were obtained from peripheral blood, frozen tissue or paraffin-embedded tumor blocks when blood samples or fresh frozen tissue samples were unavailable. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to genotype the patients and 150 controls. The potential associations of the p.D104N polymorphism with clinical and histopathological features and oncologic outcome (age of onset...