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The Political Economy of Israel’s Homeland Security

Gordon, Neve
Fonte: The Surveillance Project Publicador: The Surveillance Project
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 7224835 bytes; application/pdf
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In this report, Gordon argues that the “Israeli experience”, in its various manifestations, has played a pivotal role in the formation of Israel’s homeland security industry and helps explain the industry’s subsequent transformation into a global success story. But before examining how the Israeli experience has operated, he begins with a historical overview. Chapter One describes the Israeli homeland security and surveillance industry, and situates it within the Israeli economy. This is also briefly contextualized within the global security industry. Chapter Two covers the historical processes leading to the emergence of the homeland security sector in Israel, focusing on the Israeli military, the military industry and the high-tech industry. Finally, the Third Chapter explains Israel’s comparative advantage, showing how the success of this industry is intimately tied to different kinds of Israeli experiences that have been created by the security forces and military industry. An analysis of the political economy of Israel’s homeland security industry accordingly reveals that there is an economic motivation to produce and reproduce the so-called security related experiences and to diversify them. By way of conclusion, Gordon claims that the Israeli experience is perceived as extremely valuable and attractive because it manages to connect between a hyper-militaristic existence...

Conceptualizing American power and security in a post -9/11 security context: Conflict, resistance, and global security, 2001--present

Astrada, Marvin
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In a post-Cold War, post-9/11 world, the advent of US global supremacy resulted in the installation, perpetuation, and dissemination of an Absolutist Security Agenda (hereinafter, ASA). The US ASA explicitly and aggressively articulates and equates US national security interests with the security of all states in the international system, and replaced the bipolar, Cold War framework that defined international affairs from 1945-1992. Since the collapse of the USSR and the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, the US has unilaterally defined, implemented, and managed systemic security policy. ^ The US ASA is indicative of a systemic category of knowledge (security) anchored in variegated conceptual and material components, such as morality, philosophy, and political rubrics. The US ASA is based on a logic that involves the following security components: (1) hyper militarization, (2) intimidation,(3) coercion, (4) criminalization, (5) panoptic surveillance, (6) plenary security measures, and (7) unabashed US interference in the domestic affairs of select states. Such interference has produced destabilizing tensions and conflicts that have, in turn, produced resistance, revolutions, proliferation, cults of personality, and militarization. This is the case because the US ASA rests on the notion that the international system of states is an extension...

Conceptualizing American power and security in a post-9/11 security context : conflict, resistance, and global security, 2001-present

Astrada, Marvin
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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46.26%
In a post-Cold War, post-9/11 world, the advent of US global supremacy resulted in the installation, perpetuation, and dissemination of an Absolutist Security Agenda (hereinafter, ASA). The US ASA explicitly and aggressively articulates and equates US national security interests with the security of all states in the international system, and replaced the bipolar, Cold War framework that defined international affairs from 1945-1992. Since the collapse of the USSR and the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, the US has unilaterally defined, implemented, and managed systemic security policy. The US ASA is indicative of a systemic category of knowledge (security) anchored in variegated conceptual and material components, such as morality, philosophy, and political rubrics. The US ASA is based on a logic that involves the following security components: 1., hyper militarization, 2., intimidation, 3., coercion, 4., criminalization, 5., panoptic surveillance, 6., plenary security measures, and 7., unabashed US interference in the domestic affairs of select states. Such interference has produced destabilizing tensions and conflicts that have, in turn, produced resistance, revolutions, proliferation, cults of personality, and militarization. This is the case because the US ASA rests on the notion that the international system of states is an extension...

EU enlargement: meeting the challenges of the global security and trade environment

Downer, Alexander
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 26531 bytes; 351 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Introduction:...European integration has been an extraordinary and visionary enterprise, built on practical steps towards unity. The European Union is not only a complex work in progress, harmonising the internal policies of its members, but a force in world politics. This sixth wave of enlargement is one of the great moments in its evolution. This conference has an ambitious agenda and brings together a body of experts intimately concerned with the engineering of this grand design. And the conference is timely and relevant for Australia, because it is important to our relationship that Australians comprehend the dynamics and changing nature of the EU. My theme today is the opportunity that the imminent expansion of the EU offers for tackling global security and trade challenges. I want to expand particularly on areas where Australia’s interests are strongly engaged.; Speech at the National Europe Centre Conference on EU enlargement, Canberra, Australia; no

Germany’s role in regional and global security governance

HARNISCH, Sebastian
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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Providing regional and global security governance is both increasingly common and controversial in Germany. The paper addresses the sources of current controversies in three areas: First, legal limits that emanate from the delegation of competences in regional and international institutions. Secondly, financial limits which have become even more prevalent since the inception of the Euro-Crisis. And thirdly, political limits which refer to the erosion of the cross-partisan consensus in German coalition governments that the country must play a prominent, if not a leadership role in European security governance and beyond.

Perspectives on Security, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation: Views from the United States and South Africa

Piombo, Jessica
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
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This project convened a dialogue between civil societies in the United States and the Republic of South Africa (RSA) to deepen understanding of the ways in which each nation views its most critical strategic security concerns and the domestic debates that shape those views. This project engaged in dialogue through the lens of nuclear disarmament, energy, and proliferation/nonproliferation issues. Despite cooperation on a number of matters in this area, U.S.-South African relations have not always been cordial and the two have come into open disagreements on a number of occasions. South Africa is a key force for regional stability in Africa. It maintains an active and expanding nuclear energy industry, is an influential country within the African Union (AU), has the largest economy on the continent of Africa, and maintains the most well-equipped and trained military in sub-Saharan Africa. In the framework of the narrative “United States-South Africa Relationship: Going Global”1 the question is how the two countries can improve their cooperation and decrease tension in this area for greater global security.

Report of the Initial Planning and Review Conference: The Global Security Challenges Roundtable

Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Livro
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Global Challenges Forum, U.S. Mission to the UN, Geneva, Switzerland; Today it is widely accepted that in addition to “traditional” security challenges such as wars between states, nuclear proliferation, etc. a whole host of new issues are emerging which pose significant threats to global security. This development necessitates a new “toolbox” of policies and approaches to complement existing ones. On 21-23 September 2009, the Centre for International Governance of the Graduate Institute, in collaboration with the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School hosted a roundtable on “Global Security Challenges.” This event was held at the U.S. Mission in Geneva. It was an initiative of the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School and prominent research organizations from the USA, Europe, the Middle East and Asia. It was intended to explore some of the existing applied policy research on security challenges and threats and to facilitate the exchange of multidisciplinary experiences at the interface of globalization and security. The event was attended by more than 60 military and civilian experts as well as by stakeholders from the Geneva international community, China, Jordan, Singapore, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Energy Security and Global Politics, The militarization of resource management

Moran, Daniel; Russell, James A.
Fonte: Routledge global security studies Publicador: Routledge global security studies
Tipo: Livro
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Book edited by Daniel Moran and James A. Russell. PDF is just of the Introduction to the book.; This book analyzes the strategic dimensions of energy security, particularly where energy resources may become the object of military competition. The volume explores the diverse risks that may arise from conditions of increasing economic competition and resource scarcity, and the full range of problems that may follow if major producers or consumers of energy lose confidence in the equity and efficiency of the market, and resort instead to the use of force to secure access to energy. It surveys the strategic outlook of both producer and consumer states, with emphasis on nations or regions (Central Asia, Russia, China, Venezuela, the Persian Gulf) where unstable or rapidly evolving political conditions may undermine the currently prevailing market consensus. It also examines the role of the United States as the chief guarantor of the global economy, and the challenge this unique role poses for its exercise of military power. The book contends that while the global energy market may be largely self-regulating, it is not self-defending. A failure to consider how it can be most effectively defended from emerging and potential challenges merely heightens the risk that those challenges may some day become real. This book will be of interest to students of energy policy...

German foreign and security policy: determinants of German military engagement in Africa since 2011

Hanisch, Michael
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Beginning in 2014, high-level German politicians spoke plainly about a more responsible and more substantial German foreign policy—including stronger German (military) contributions and commitments on the African continent. In light of these public statements, three years of mixed policy outcomes have raised questions about the factors that determine Germany’s decision making on military engagements in Africa (and elsewhere) and the extent to which Germany’s engagement in Africa since 2011 corresponds with Berlin’s desire to take greater responsibility in matters of global security. Anchored in the case studies of Libya and Mali, this thesis argues that within a complex interplay of determinants on three interrelated levels, six factors—strategic approaches (if applicable), multilateral imperatives, the mission framework, cultural and conceptual axioms, domestic politics, and policy-makers—chiefly inform Germany’s decision-making process on whether and how German soldiers should be deployed in a certain mission. Based on this matrix of considerations, each such participation must be externally required, politically desired and indispensable, militarily affordable and feasible...

Bulgarian national security and special operations

Hristov, Roman.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xii, 81 p. ; 28 cm.
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This study explores the nature of Bulgarian national security and how it is supported by Bulgarian Special Operations Forces (BSOF). It examines the changing global security environment and its implications on Bulgarian security challenges in the 21st century. In particular, the global war on terror and the newly acquired NATO membership have posed new challenges for the Bulgarian Armed Forces, including BSOF. This thesis explores Bulgarian security strategy and NATO requirements for special operations, and analyzes how each of these may be satisfied, in part, by BSOF. The shortfalls between Bulgarian and NATO needs and BSOF's current capabilities suggest that BSOF should be unified under a single joint Special Operations Command directly subordinate to the highest commanding headquarters of the Bulgarian Armed Forces. Moreover, BSOF should be provided with an independent funding program with dedicated air and maritime assets for strategic support, and with advanced SOF-specific equipment. This study suggests the necessity for reorganization and improvement of BSOF in response to the requirements of national security and NATO Special Operations requirements. It posits that a restructuring and enhancement of BSOF is likely to strengthen Bulgarian national security...

Ten Years After the Terrorist Attacks of 9/11 The Need for a Transnational Approach to Address Risks to US Global Security Interests

Rollins, John
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School; Center for Homeland Defense and Security Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School; Center for Homeland Defense and Security
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This article appeared in Homeland Security Affairs (September 2011), v.7 no.2; John Rollins provides a transnational perspective on how the US approaches homeland security. As US economic, political, social, and environmental interests become more global, so have security threats. Rollins believes "the US no longer has the geographic or economic luxury of approaching security issues from a domestic or international perspective. Regardless of where a threat emanates from, today'۪s security professionals need to recognize, respond, and appreciate the near- and long-term transnational implications of risks facing the nation."

U.S. declining global rankings in math and science and the impact on our national security: policy options to elicit another sputnik moment

Sund, Steven A.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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CHDS State/Local; Since the end of the space race in the 1960s, America has been experiencing a decline in its global educational rankings in the science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) curricula. Due to the interdependencies that education has with a number of our critical sectors, the declining global educational rankings can have serious effects on our national economy, technological advantage and ultimately our national security. With countries like China undertaking intensive civilian educational campaigns, completely modernizing its military, and developing extensive electronic and information warfare capabilities, our technological advantage will be critical to ensure our preparedness for these emerging threats. The inability of society to see this decline and the inability, or lack of desire of our students, to compete and excel globally in the STEM curricula is a collective failure. This thesis examines a number of educational policies and programs and evaluates their focus on developing students' social learning environment and social responsibility toward learning. From this review, this research has synthesized a number of recommendations for policymakers to consider in order to help America realize a national imperative toward learning and to support America in experiencing another Sputnik moment.; Commander...

The domestic, regional and global security stakes in Kazakhstan

Mukhamedov, Igor
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 71 p. : col. ill.
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Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; The evolution of Kazakhstan's security policies since independence, and particularly after September 11, 2001, indicates that the country has chosen to play an active role in regional and international security as a means to security its own national interests. It has opened to the West, and played an active role in the War on Terrorism. It has also worked to maintain Central Asia's regional security architecture. These policies have had some demonstrable affect on national, regional and international security, but as a young state in a troubled region Kazakhstan will require increased Western assistance if it is to become the force for stability that it seeks to be. Kazakhstan has a very important geopolitical location, and can play a role of a regional leader in Central Asia, but it is still a very young state and needs a strong support. "Perhaps nowhere was the granting of independence more bittersweet and the challenges of sustaining it more complex than in the case of Kazakhstan." (Mathews, Jessica T. Foreword in "Kazakhstan: Unfulfilled Promise" by Olcott, Martha Brill, Washington D.C. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2002); Colonel, Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Notes on a national strategy for global education

Golden, Gregg H. S.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 146 p. ; 28 cm.
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CHDS State/Local; Scholarly literature and anecdotal reports have long suggested that the Americans lack the language skills and cultural competence to carry out the Nation's business effectively, in both the public and the private sectors, despite almost 75 years of federal support for cross-cultural and language education. This study sought to answer the questions whether there is in fact a problem; if so, why; and whether a national strategy for global education could contribute to the solution of the problem. Semi-structured interviews were held with a convenience sample of respondents connected with the intelligence, defense, diplomatic, and academic communities, and the private sector, and the results transcribed and coded thematically. Results were supplemented by relevant literature. Although the results were not unanimous, the respondents generally agreed that improvements in global education were critical to national and homeland security, including the Nation's ability to remain competitive in an increasingly global economy, and that a national strategy would be a useful tool for providing the necessary political leadership and public education. The respondents also offered preliminary thoughts on how a national strategy might be developed...

Denationalized citizenship theory: what is the role of citizenship theory in homeland security?

Lombardi, Cherie A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xii, 109 p. ; 28 cm.
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CHDS State/Local; The homeland security community interacts with U.S. citizens every day and the national strategy for homeland security calls for an active and engaged citizenry to play a significant part in homeland security. The naturalization process that makes new citizens and to the many international variables, such as dual citizenship, that affect any interaction with many naturalized U.S. citizens is often overlooked. This thesis presents a qualitative synthesis of the different types of citizenship theory to discover what aspects of this theoretical work are relevant to homeland security. The synthesis of the global, cosmopolitan, diaspora, multicultural, post- and transnational types of citizenship theory produced recommendations for the homeland security community to pay greater attention to and act upon: The greater and continuing interaction between immigrants and their countries of origin. The countries of origins' greater interest and continuing interaction in their migrant populations. Greater understanding of immigrant cultures and histories to better enhance interaction. The need to make U.S. citizenship significant to naturalized citizens to keep them engaged here as much as they are with their countries of origin. 5) The need to standardize the U.S. government's policy towards dual and multiple citizenship status.

Australia, the 'Saudi Arabia' of uranium? Proliferation and security concerns

Yaxley, Kerrie
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Recently the world has seen a renewed interest in nuclear energy. Australia has large uranium reserves and, according to some commentators, could benefit from this renewed interest. Australia could become the' Saudi Arabia' of uranium exporters. This could include enriching uranium in Australia for export overseas. Nuclear weapons and nuclear energy are inextricably linked. The technology to create reactor grade material can also create weapons grade material. Thus the global security situation and the effectiveness of the international safeguards regime need to be examined before exports are increased and enrichment is considered. During the Cold War, the nuclear threat was a bilateral arms race between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR). In the post Cold War context the nuclear threat has not dissipated. The new threat is multi-faceted and widespread. It comes in the form of nuclear terrorism, clandestine nuclear weapons programs, illicit trafficking of nuclear materials and regional arms races. These factors all show weaknesses in the Nuclear Non- Proliferation Regime (NPR). The NPR protects Australian Obligated Nuclear Materials (AONM). Australia is a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)...

EU NAVFOR Atalanta: o compromisso da União Europeia com a Segurança Global; European Union's Commitment towards Global Security

Silveira, João Almeida
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2015 Português
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Trabalho de projeto de mestrado em Políticas Comunitárias e Cooperação Territorial; A crescente complexificação do ambiente securitário mundial em concomitância com graves restrições orçamentais no seio dos Estados-Membros da União Europeia (UE), tornam imperativo um reforço da coordenação e cooperação europeias. Proteger os interesses e valores comunitários, assim como o bem-estar das populações europeias requer uma abordagem comum aos problemas securitários e capacidade de ação a nível global. Neste sentido é de crucial importância percebermos os desenvolvimentos e racional da Política Comum de Segurança e Defesa, bem como as estratégias adotadas pela UE, conducentes à proteção dos Estados-Membros perante as ameaças à sua segurança coletiva, por forma a percebermos o papel securitário comunitário e introduzirmos melhorias na sua ação. A partir de uma abordagem histórica, focalizada primordialmente nos desenvolvimentos militares do complexo securitário que afetam a UE, nas relações interestaduais entre os Estados-Membros, assim como na operação naval anti pirataria na Somália, EUNAVFOR Atalanta, analisamos o papel e contributo da UE para a segurança global. Verificamos que a evolução progressiva institucional...

Security policies for distributed systems

Quilbeuf, Jean; Igna, Georgeta; Bytschkow, Denis; Ruess, Harald
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/10/2013 Português
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A security policy specifies a security property as the maximal information flow. A distributed system composed of interacting processes implicitly defines an intransitive security policy by repudiating direct information flow between processes that do not exchange messages directly. We show that implicitly defined security policies in distributed systems are enforced, provided that processes run in separation, and possible process communication on a technical platform is restricted to specified message paths of the system. Furthermore, we propose to further restrict the allowable information flow by adding filter functions for controlling which messages may be transmitted between processes, and we prove that locally checking filter functions is sufficient for ensuring global security policies. Altogether, global intransitive security policies are established by means of local verification conditions for the (trusted) processes of the distributed system. Moreover, security policies may be implemented securely on distributed integration platforms which ensure partitioning. We illustrate our results with a smart grid case study, where we use CTL model checking for discharging local verification conditions for each process under consideration.; Comment: Submitted to POST14

Globally reasoning about localised security policies in distributed systems

Hernandez, Alejandro Mario
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/05/2012 Português
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In this report, we aim at establishing proper ways for model checking the global security of distributed systems, which are designed consisting of set of localised security policies that enforce specific issues about the security expected. The systems are formally specified following a syntax, defined in detail in this report, and their behaviour is clearly established by the Semantics, also defined in detail in this report. The systems include the formal attachment of security policies into their locations, whose intended interactions are trapped by the policies, aiming at taking access control decisions of the system, and the Semantics also takes care of this. Using the Semantics, a Labelled Transition System (LTS) can be induced for every particular system, and over this LTS some model checking tasks could be done. We identify how this LTS is indeed obtained, and propose an alternative way of model checking the not-yet-induced LTS, by using the system design directly. This may lead to over-approximation thereby producing imprecise, though safe, results. We restrict ourselves to finite systems, in the sake of being certain about the decidability of the proposed method. To illustrate the usefulness and validity of our proposal...

A European way of security: the Madrid Report of the Human Security Study Group

Albrecht, Ulrich; Chinkin, Christine; Collantes Celador, Gemma; Flechtner, Stefanie; Glasius, Marlies; Kaldor, Mary; Kiljunen, Kimmo; Klabbers, Jan; Kuper, Jenny; Licht, Sonia; Lotti, Flavio; Reinhardt, Klaus; Schmeder, Genevieve; Seifter, Pavel; Serra, N
Fonte: Human Security Study Group Publicador: Human Security Study Group
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/11/2007 Português
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In the past five years the European Union has developed the capacity and willingness to intervene in difficult and dangerous locations, to deal with crises, to improve the chances of people to lead peaceful lives and to contribute to regional and international security. This Report is about how the EU has built this global security role so far, and where it should go next. The Barcelona Report of 2004 declared that the most appropriate approach for Europe in the twenty-first century would be to promote human security. This Report spells out what a European Human Security approach means, and addresses the criticisms levelled at it. It looks at five cases where the EU has intervened to deal with political violence and to rebuild societies torn apart by civil war, and shows how a Human Security approach is relevant to those operations. The Report concludes that in the wake of the Reform Treaty and the `Global War on Terror' the EU should now define a distinctive European Way of Security, based on Human Security principles, which would enable it to intervene more effectively in crises, and take forward its foreign and security policies in a way which commands the support of its citizens and addresses the needs of vulnerable communities. Human Security should provide a new operating framework for European Union external action.