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A teorização da União Europeia

Vila Maior, Paulo
Fonte: Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa Publicador: Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.38%
Acusa-se a União Europeia de ser opaca. Quando se esboça a sua teorização, a complexidade adensa-se. As divergências sobrepõem-se aos aspectos de concordância. Daí que a integração europeia seja um aluvião de teorias: governação supranacional, “liberal intergovernmentalism”, novo institucionalismo, teoria do “consociationalism” e teoria da fusão são uma amostra da miríade de teorias da integração europeia, dos antagonismos em que se fi liam. O que alimenta a seguinte questão: qual a utilidade da excitação intelectual que enquadra a teorização da integração europeia?

A Theoretical Approach of Economic and Monetary Union

Vila Maior, Paulo
Fonte: Universidade Fernando Pessoa Publicador: Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.17%
The literature strongly suggests that the creation of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) was largely influenced by the “power of ideas”, an accommodation to international markets challenges. The outcome was EMU’s political-economy inspired by the monetarist school, a considerable disempowerment of national governments. Put in the perspective of European integration theories, EMU seemed to reject liberal intergovernmentalism claims that member states’ interests are the major input to European integration developments. However, since the monetary union was launched several events showed that national governments re-captured the influence they theoretically lost with EMU. Notably the persistent breach of the Stability and Growth Pact might be the evidence that EU institutions (especially the Commission) and other societal actors lost ground to national governments. The paper asks whether the operation of EMU reflects a paradigm change in terms of European integration theories: how liberal intergovernmentalism emerged as the theory with greater explanatory potential of EMU in motion.

Economic and Monetary Union

Vila Maior, Paulo
Fonte: Universidade Fernando Pessoa Publicador: Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Tipo: Pré-impressão
Publicado em 17/05/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.9%
As part of an ongoing research, this paper focus on European monetary integration depicting to what extent existing theories and theoretical approaches fit with the ontology and subsequent developments of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). A special emphasis goes to the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) as a crucial ingredient of European monetary integration, particularly for the political turmoil it produced in recent years. On a previous conference (UACES Annual Conference 2007: Exchanging Ideas on Europe: Common Values and External Policies, Portsmouth, UK, 3-5 September 2007), EMU and the SGP were assessed through the lens of neofunctionalism, liberal intergovernmentalism, supranational governance, new institutionalism and the fusion thesis. This paper turns to the federal theory and the rational choice theory. Some argue that the power of ideas (the monetarist school) and national governments’ adjustment to a new international setting provide the broad explanation of the move towards EMU. Others claim that the project of European monetary integration was independent from such exogenous inputs, understanding the step towards EMU as part of the dynamism encapsulated by European integration. I test these contrasting perceptions against the explanatory power of federal theory and rational choice. The analysis of the SGP (in both the original version and after the November 2005 reform) follows the same methodology. The rationale behind the paper is twofold. On the one hand...

A inserção internacional dos atores subnacionais e os processos de integração regional : uma análise da União Europeia e do Mercosul

Junqueira, Cairo Gabriel Borges
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.38%
Dissertação (mestrado)— Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Relações Internacionais, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais, 2014.; Com as novas configurações substanciadas pelo ordenamento internacional a partir da década de 1990, os atores subnacionais e os blocos regionais passaram a compartilhar demandas que eram majoritariamente destinadas ao apreço dos Estados nacionais. Na literatura surgiu um novo conceito para se remeter à internacionalização daqueles atores, o qual ficou notadamente conhecido por paradiplomacia. Indo ao encontro dessa tendência, os processos de integração regional tornaram-se arenas com grande potencial à excursão externa subnacional e adquiriram novos contornos de pesquisa a partir do olhar crítico das teorias e conceitos neoliberais das Relações Internacionais, assinalados pelo Intergovernamentalismo Neoliberal e pela Governança Multi-Nível (GMN) na presente dissertação. A construção da União Europeia (UE) em 1992 e a criação do Mercado Comum do Sul (Mercosul) em 1991 são retratos dessas mudanças e, em comunhão com seus desenvolvimentos, tais organizações passaram a legitimar e institucionalizar a influência subnacional em suas estruturas. Destarte...

Small States – Big Negotiations Decision-Making Rules and Small State Influence in EU Treaty Negotiations

LEHTONEN, Tiia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.9%
This study examines the impact of the decision-making rules, procedures and practices of the European Union on the ability of small Member States to influence Treaty negotiation outcomes, and assesses the causality of this influence in Treaty-revision. Within Treatymaking processes, actor influence is here expected to vary according to the institutional preconditions, and small states are presumed to benefit from particular type of decisionmaking rules to the disadvantage of others. The fundamental aim of the study is therefore to investigate the conditions under which small state influence increases in European Union Treaty-negotiations. To explain this puzzle, a distinction is made between two types of Treaty-making processes, those of the Intergovernmental Conferences and the Convention, which allows for subsequent comparisons between the decision-making rules of unanimity and restricted consensus. In order to empirically test the underlying hypotheses, explicit units of observation are chosen from the IGCs of Amsterdam, Nice and 2003-04, and the Convention on the Future of the EU. In-depth comparisons are made between four small Member States – Belgium, Denmark, Finland and Ireland – and their de facto influence is process-traced through three substantial issues of the institutional reform: the composition of the Commission...

The EU in the G8 System: Assessing EU Member States’ Involvement

NASRA, Skander; LESAGE, Dries; ORBIE, Jan; VAN DE GRAAF, Thijs
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.9%
Even though the role of the European Union (EU) in international organizations has generated increasing academic and political interest, scant attention has been devoted to the EU’s participation in the Group of Eight (G8). The launch of the renewed Group of Twenty (G20), however, has sparked intense debate among member states about the way in which the EU is represented in the G8 system. The central issue covered in this paper is the participation of the EU in the G8 system. In particular, we focus on the involvement of the 23 non-G8 EU members (EU23) and the role of the European Commission and the Council Presidency. The focus lies on the internal EU level, rather than on the question of the EU’s bargaining power at the international level. The paper draws on insights of Moravcsik’s liberal intergovernmentalism to explain the variation of the EU23’s involvement in the following policy domains: development aid, energy, finance and monetary affairs and trade. The paper finds a pattern of differing involvement that varies along the lines of the three forums within the G8 system: low involvement in the G8, medium involvement in the G20 and high involvement in the Group of Seven (G7). Four factors are suggested that explain the involvement of the EU23 in the internal EU coordination process: internal competences...

Societal foundations of European policy divergence in financial governance

SCHIRM, Stefan A.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.38%
EU member states frequently disagree over the management of financial crises, both regionally in the Eurozone and globally in the G20 despite decades of European integration, institution-building, and commitments to joint action. Mainstream integration theories of neofunctional institutionalism and liberal intergovernmentalism cannot sufficiently explain this puzzle of persistent European policy divergence on financial governance. I argue that the policy divergences can only be understood by analysing the societal foundations of governmental positions with the societal approach to governmental preference formation. The societal approach focusses on domestic societal ideas and material interests as explanatory variables for governmental positions. Regarding European policy divergence, I argue that both the coordination problems in the Eurozone and the European policy divergence in the G20 reflect the heterogeneity of domestic societal influences on member state governments. These arguments are empirically evidenced in case studies on the management of the Eurozone crisis and on Europe’s role in the governance of the global financial crisis in the G20.

Europe and the Breakup of Yugoslavia: A political failure in search of a scholarly explanation

LUCARELLI, Sonia
Fonte: The Hague/Boston, Kluwer Law International Publicador: The Hague/Boston, Kluwer Law International
Tipo: Livro
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.38%
(Published version of EUI PhD thesis, 1998.); On June 26, 1991, after some 46 years without a war in Europe, violent conflict erupted in the territory of what used to be the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It took more than four years of atrocities before a peace agreement was finally negotiated in Dayton, Ohio, in November 1995. This book provides a detailed analysis of the response of Western Europe to the disintegration of Yugoslavia. The account pays particular attention to the behaviour of the major Member States of the European Community (later Union), such as France, Britain, and Germany, in two crucial moments of debate and decision-making: the diplomatic recognition of Slovenia and Croatia in 1991, and the debate on the desirability and form of a possible military intervention in the warring country. By combining three theoretical approaches to the study of international politics - neorealism, neoliberal institutionalism, and liberal intergovernmentalism - Lucarelli provides a theoretically informed analysis of the main forces behind Western Europe's response to the Yugoslav wars. Conclusions are drawn on the major characteristics of Western Europe's management of the conflict, the interplay of international and domestic factors behind the behaviour of Western European states...

Western Europe and the breakup of Yugoslavia : a political failure in search of a scholarly explanation

LUCARELLI, Sonia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.38%
Defence date: 3 July 1998; Examining board: Prof. Fulvio Attinà (University of Catania) ; Prof. Knud Erik Jørgensen (University of Aaarhus) ; Prof. Roger Morgan (Supervisor) ; Prof. Jan Zielonka (European University Institute); On June 26, 1991, after some 46 years without a war in Europe, violent conflict erupted in the territory of what used to be the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It took more than four years of atrocities before a peace agreement was finally negotiated in Dayton, Ohio, in November 1995. This book provides a detailed analysis of the response of Western Europe to the disintegration of Yugoslavia. The account pays particular attention to the behaviour of the major Member States of the European Community (later Union), such as France, Britain, and Germany, in two crucial moments of debate and decision-making: the diplomatic recognition of Slovenia and Croatia in 1991, and the debate on the desirability and form of a possible military intervention in the warring country. By combining three theoretical approaches to the study of international politics - neorealism, neoliberal institutionalism, and liberal intergovernmentalism - Lucarelli provides a theoretically informed analysis of the main forces behind Western Europe's response to the Yugoslav wars. Conclusions are drawn on the major characteristics of Western Europe's management of the conflict...

Incidencia del proceso de integración económica y la diplomacia ASEAN Way en la conformación de la Comunidad Económica de la Asean (AEC). Período: 2003-2011

Corredor Duarte, Luis Guillermo
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.06%
El proyecto de creación de la Comunidad Económica de la ASEAN representa una de las directrices que ha marcado el fenómeno de la integración en el sudeste asiático. Con la llegada del nuevo milenio, éste se ha convertido en un mecanismo de respuesta ante la proliferación de acuerdos de libre comercio de alcance bilateral (noodle bowl), y plurilateral con las economías emergentes de China, Japón y Corea. De igual manera, la organización ha adaptado los lineamientos de su filosofía diplomática conocida como ASEAN Way, dándole un giro de carácter institucional. De la mano de la teoría del intergubernamentalismo liberal de Andrew Moravcsik, la presente monografía analiza el proceso de integración económica y de la diplomacia asiática a partir de las premisas de las preferencias nacionales y negociación interestatal.; The planned establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community is one of the guidelines that have set the phenomenon of integration in Southeast Asia. With the advent of the new millennium, it has become a response mechanism to the proliferation of free trade agreements of bilateral (noodle bowl), and plurilateral scope with emerging economies of China, Japan and Korea. Similarly, the organization has adapted the guidelines of its diplomatic philosophy known as ASEAN Way...

Towards a union of citizens and states : negotiating transnational democracy in Europe

Liebert, Ulrike
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.38%
This paper seeks to demonstrate that the EU in its process of redefining its constitutional arrangement has moved beyond liberal democratic intergovernmentalism and that it has embraced substantive ideas of a cosmopolitan strategy of democratisation.

Making EU foreign policy towards a 'Pariah' state: consensus on sanctions in EU foreign policy towards Myanmar

Minsat, Arthur
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.57%
This thesis seeks to explain why the European Union ratcheted up restrictive measures on Myanmar from 1991 until 2010, despite divergent interests of EU member states and the apparent inability of sanctions to quickly achieve the primary objectives of EU policy. This empirical puzzle applies the ‘sanctions paradox’ to the issue of joint action in the EU. It also connects the assessment of policy effectiveness to EU foreign policy-making. The investigation unravels this conundrum through competitive theory testing. The study discovers that EU foreign policy was essentially decided by the largest member states. Since 1996, the UK has fostered a consensus among EU policymakers on a principled common policy, which would induce political reform in Myanmar mainly via the implementation of punitive measures. Hence, noncompliance by the target with EU demands offers a credible, but insufficient explanation of why the EU tightened its sanctions regime. US pressure on EU policy was marginal. The dissertation argues that a ‘normative’ interpretation of liberal intergovernmentalism best solves this puzzle. The EU met domestic pressures for action, although the measures adopted were clearly too inadequate to be effective. Feedback on policy effectiveness did not play a significant role in EU decision-making. EU policy was driven by a consensus to treat Myanmar as a ‘pariah’ state. Ideological motivations have largely outweighed material interests. Normative arguments were necessary to put proposals on the common agenda; yet...