Página 1 dos resultados de 5144 itens digitais encontrados em 0.018 segundos

Redes neurais artificiais no apoio ao diagnóstico diferencial de lesões intersticiais pulmonares. ; Artificial neural networks in the support to the diferential diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases.

Ambrósio, Paulo Eduardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/08/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
Nos últimos tempos, observa-se um grande crescimento na utilização de computadores como ferramenta de auxílio nas mais diversas áreas, sendo a Medicina uma das principais áreas dessa utilização. Inúmeras aplicações da Informática podem ser encontradas na área médica, citando-se os sistemas de apoio ao diagnóstico como uma das mais marcantes. Esses sistemas têm como principal objetivo auxiliar o profissional da área no processo de tomada de decisões, o qual pode ocorrer em diferentes etapas de sua atividade. Esse processo normalmente envolve uma grande quantidade de dados e informações, que podem ser armazenadas e processadas muito mais rapidamente por computador. O objetivo principal desse trabalho é o desenvolvimento de um sistema computacional baseado na técnica de redes neurais artificiais, para auxílio ao médico radiologista na confirmação de diagnóstico das chamadas lesões intersticiais pulmonares. O exame radiológico para esse grupo é de difícil interpretação mesmo para profissionais bem treinados, visto o grande número de patologias assim classificadas e a semelhança entre elas. Os dados para treinamento da rede neural são obtidos por protocolo gerado por especialistas, através da revisão de casos com diagnóstico confirmado para determinadas patologias. O sistema desenvolvido é baseado em uma rede neural do tipo perceptron multicamadas...

Avaliação tomográfica do acometimento das pequenas vias aéreas nas doenças intersticiais do pulmão; Tomographic evaluation of the small airways in the interstitial lung diseases

Rocha, Marcelo Jorge Jacó
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/08/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
A patogênese da fibrose pulmonar idiopática (FPI), forma mais comum de pneumonia intersticial idiopática, não é bem conhecida. Os estudos histopatológicos evidenciam uma extensa lesão do epitélio alveolar com destruição intensa dos pneumócitos tipo e exposição e perda de integridade da membrana basal subjacente, impedindo a reepitelização e rendotelização alveolar, com conseqüente proliferação de fibroblastos e deposição de matriz extracelular. O fator etiológico responsável por essa resposta fibrosante ainda não é conhecido. Em doenças como a síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo (SDRA) e a lesão pulmonar induzida pela ventilação mecânica, o papel da abertura e fechamento cíclicos das pequenas vias aéreas já está bem estabelecido. Esse estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a presença de colapso alveolar e de pequenas vias aéreas em pacientes com FPI através de tomografia computadorizada (TC) de tórax multislice. As tomografias foram realizadas em 3 diferentes momentos do ciclo respiratório - na capacidade pulmonar total (CPT), na capacidade residual funcional (CRF) e no volume residual (VR) - inicialmente em ar ambiente (O2 a 21%) e as duas últimas etapas, CRF e VR, foram repetidas após 10 minutos de ventilação com O2 a 100%. Admitimos que o surgimento de colapso alveolar após a manobra com O2 a 100% se deve ao fechamento das pequenas vias aéreas seguido de atelectasia de absorção. Foi utilizado o programa Osiris para análise quantitativa das densidades pulmonares e um programa em linguagem LabVIEW 6.0 para quantificação da massa de pulmão não aerado (colapsado) cuja densidade situa-se entre -100 e + 100 UH. A casuística foi composta por 18 pacientes com diagnóstico histológico e/ou clínico de FPI e 12 controles sem doença respiratória conhecida. Os indivíduos do grupo controle foram mais idosos (63 x 70 anos)...

Reproducibility of the six-minute walk test and Glittre ADL-test in patients hospitalized for acute and exacerbated chronic lung disease

José,Anderson; Dal Corso,Simone
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
Background: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and the Glittre ADL-test (GT) are used to assess functional capacity and exercise tolerance; however, the reproducibility of these tests needs further study in patients with acute lung diseases. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of the 6MWT and GT performed in patients hospitalized for acute and exacerbated chronic lung diseases. Method: 48 h after hospitalization, 81 patients (50 males, age: 52±18 years, FEV1: 58±20% of the predicted value) performed two 6MWTs and two GTs in random order on different days. Results: There was no difference between the first and second 6MWT (median 349 m [284-419] and 363 m [288-432], respectively) (ICC: 0.97; P<0.0001). A difference between the first and second tests was found in GT (median 286 s [220-378] and 244 s [197-323] respectively; P<0.001) (ICC: 0.91; P<0.0001). Conclusion: Although both the 6MWT and GT were reproducible, the best results occurred in the second test, demonstrating a learning effect. These results indicate that at least two tests are necessary to obtain reliable assessments.

Lung disease detection using feature extraction and extreme learning machine

Ramalho,Geraldo Luis Bezerra; Rebouças Filho,Pedro Pedrosa; Medeiros,Fátima Nelsizeuma Sombra de; Cortez,Paulo César
Fonte: SBEB - Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: SBEB - Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization estimates that by 2030 the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) will be the third leading cause of death worldwide. Computerized Tomography (CT) images of lungs comprise a number of structures that are relevant for pulmonary disease diagnosis and analysis. METHODS: In this paper, we employ the Adaptive Crisp Active Contour Models (ACACM) for lung structure segmentation. And we propose a novel method for lung disease detection based on feature extraction of ACACM segmented images within the cooccurrence statistics framework. The spatial interdependence matrix (SIM) synthesizes the structural information of lung image structures in terms of three attributes. Finally, we perform a classification experiment on this set of attributes to discriminate two types of lung diseases and health lungs. We evaluate the discrimination ability of the proposed lung image descriptors using an extreme learning machine neural network (ELMNN) comprising 4-10 neurons in the hidden layer and 3 neurons in the output layer to map each pulmonary condition. This network was trained and validated by applying a holdout procedure. RESULTS: The experimental results achieved 96% accuracy demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed method on identifying normal lungs and diseases as COPD and fibrosis. CONCLUSION: Our results lead to conclude that the method is suitable to integrate clinical decision support systems for pulmonary screening and diagnosis.

Nanomedicine and therapy of lung diseases

Garcia,Fabrício de Melo
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.92%
The use of nanotechnology has significantly increased in different fields of science, including the development of drug delivery systems. Currently, the most modern pharmaceutical nanocarriers, such as liposomes, micelles, nanoemulsions and polymeric nanoparticles, demonstrate extremely useful properties from the point of view of drug therapy. In this context, the development of nanocarriers for pulmonary application has been much debated by the scientific community in recent decades. Although research on the use of nanoparticles for pulmonary application are still in the initial phase, the studies conducted to date suggest that the development of drug delivery systems for systemic or local treatment of diseases that affect the respiratory system may be promising.

Adalimumab-induced acute interstitial lung disease in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis

Dias,Olivia Meira; Pereira,Daniel Antunes Silva; Baldi,Bruno Guedes; Costa,Andre Nathan; Athanazio,Rodrigo Abensur; Kairalla,Ronaldo Adib; Carvalho,Carlos Roberto Ribeiro
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
The use of immunobiological agents for the treatment of autoimmune diseases is increasing in medical practice. Anti-TNF therapies have been increasingly used in refractory autoimmune diseases, especially rheumatoid arthritis, with promising results. However, the use of such therapies has been associated with an increased risk of developing other autoimmune diseases. In addition, the use of anti-TNF agents can cause pulmonary complications, such as reactivation of mycobacterial and fungal infections, as well as sarcoidosis and other interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). There is evidence of an association between ILD and the use of anti-TNF agents, etanercept and infliximab in particular. Adalimumab is the newest drug in this class, and some authors have suggested that its use might induce or exacerbate preexisting ILDs. In this study, we report the first case of acute ILD secondary to the use of adalimumab in Brazil, in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis and without a history of ILD.

Expression of glucocorticoid receptors α and ß in steroid sensitive and steroid insensitive interstitial lung diseases

Pujols, L; Xaubet, A; Ramirez, J; Mullol, J; Roca-Ferrer, J; Torrego, A; Cidlowski, J; Picado, C
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Background: Sensitivity to glucocorticoids may be related to the concentration of glucocorticoid receptors α (GRα) and ß (GRß). A study was undertaken to assess GRα and GRß expression in steroid insensitive interstitial lung disease (idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)) and steroid sensitive interstitial lung diseases (sarcoidosis and cryptogenic organising pneumonia (COP)).

Transcriptomic Studies of the Airway Field of Injury Associated with Smoking-Related Lung Disease

Gower, Adam C.; Steiling, Katrina; Brothers, John F.; Lenburg, Marc E.; Spira, Avrum
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/05/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
The “field of injury” hypothesis proposes that exposure to an inhaled insult such as cigarette smoke elicits a common molecular response throughout the respiratory tract. This response can therefore be quantified in any airway tissue, including readily accessible epithelial cells in the bronchus, nose, and mouth. High-throughput technologies, such as whole-genome gene expression microarrays, can be employed to catalog the physiological consequences of such exposures in the airway epithelium. Pulmonary diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and asthma are also thought to be associated with a field of injury, and in patients with these diseases, airway epithelial cells can be a useful surrogate for diseased tissue that is often difficult to obtain. Global measurement of mRNA and microRNA expression in these cells can provide useful information about the molecular pathogenesis of such diseases and may be useful for diagnosis and for predicting prognosis and response to therapy. In this review, our aim is to summarize the history and state of the art of such “transcriptomic” studies in the human airway epithelium, especially in smoking and smoking-related lung diseases, and to highlight future directions for this field.

Aspen Lung Conference 2010: Systems Biology of Lung Diseases—Progress in the Omics Era

Sheppard, Dean
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/05/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
The 53rd annual Thomas L. Petty Aspen Lung Conference focused on the dramatic progress that has been made in the past several years in applying large-scale, unbiased data acquisition (“omics”) to the study of lung biology and disease. The conference organizers, Mark Geraci, Ivor Douglas, Stephen Rennard, and David Schwartz, put together a terrific program, and the invited speakers and participants presented data describing the rapid evolution of experimental approaches that should encourage pulmonary scientists to begin to think about a true molecular systems biology of the lung.

Interstitial Lung Diseases: Respiratory Review of 2013

Kim, Yong Hyun; Kwon, Soon Seog
Fonte: The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Publicador: The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
Interstitial lung diseases are heterogeneous entities with diverse clinical presentations. Among them, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease are specific categories that pulmonologists are most likely to encounter in the clinical field. Despite the accumulated data from extensive clinical trial and observations, we continue to have many issues which need to be resolved in this field. In this update, we present the review of several articles regarding the clinical presentation, prognosis and treatment of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease.

Asthma: NHLBI Workshop on the Primary Prevention of Chronic Lung Diseases

Jackson, Daniel J.; Hartert, Tina V.; Martinez, Fernando D.; Weiss, Scott T.; Fahy, John V.
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Asthma is a common disease with enormous public health costs, and its primary prevention is an ambitious and important goal. Understanding of how host and environmental factors interact to cause asthma is incomplete, but persistent questions about mechanisms should not stop clinical research efforts aimed at reducing the prevalence of childhood asthma. Achieving the goal of primary prevention of asthma will involve integrated and parallel sets of research activities in which mechanism-oriented studies of asthma inception proceed alongside clinical intervention studies to test biologically plausible prevention ideas. For example, continued research is needed, particularly in young children, to uncover biomarkers that identify asthma risk and provide potential targets of intervention, and to improve understanding of the role of microbial factors in asthma risk and disease initiation. In terms of clinical trials that could be initiated now or in the near future, we recommend three interventions for testing: (1) preventing asthma through prophylaxis against respiratory syncytial virus and human rhinovirus infections of the airway; (2) immune modulation, using prebiotics, probiotics, and bacterial lysates; and (3) prevention of allergen sensitization and allergic inflammation...

Promotion of Lung Health: NHLBI Workshop on the Primary Prevention of Chronic Lung Diseases

Camargo, Carlos A.; Budinger, G. R. Scott; Escobar, Gabriel J.; Hansel, Nadia N.; Hanson, Corrine K.; Huffnagle, Gary B.; Buist, A. Sonia
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
Lung-related research primarily focuses on the etiology and management of diseases. In recent years, interest in primary prevention has grown. However, primary prevention also includes “health promotion” (actions in a population that keep an individual healthy). We encourage more research on population-based (public health) strategies that could not only maximize lung health but also mitigate “normal” age-related declines—not only for spirometry but across multiple measures of lung health. In developing a successful strategy, a “life course” approach is important. Unfortunately, we are unable to achieve the full benefit of this approach until we have better measures of lung health and an improved understanding of the normal trajectory, both over an individual’s life span and possibly across generations. We discuss key questions in lung health promotion, with an emphasis on the upper (healthier) end of the distribution of lung functioning and resiliency and briefly summarize the few interventions that have been studied to date. We conclude with suggestions regarding the most promising future research for this important, but largely neglected, area of lung research.

Interstitial Lung Disease: NHLBI Workshop on the Primary Prevention of Chronic Lung Diseases

Rosas, Ivan O.; Dellaripa, Paul F.; Lederer, David J.; Khanna, Dinesh; Young, Lisa R.; Martinez, Fernando J.
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Population-based, longitudinal studies spanning decades linking risk factors in childhood, adolescence and early adulthood to incident clinical interstitial lung disease (ILD) events in late adulthood have not been performed. In addition, no observational or randomized clinical trials have been conducted; therefore, there is presently no evidence to support the notion that reduction of risk factor levels in early life prevents ILD events in adult life. Primary prevention strategies are host-directed interventions designed to modify adverse risk factors (i.e., smoking) with the goal of preventing the development of ILD, whereas primordial prevention for ILD can be defined as the elimination of external risk factors (i.e., environmental pollutants). As no ILD primary prevention studies have been previously conducted, we propose that research studies that promote implementation of primary prevention strategies could, over time, make a subset of ILD preventable. Herein, we provide a number of initial steps required for the future implementation of prevention strategies; this statement discusses the rationale and available evidence that support potential opportunities for primordial and primary prevention, as well as fertile areas for future research of preventive intervention in ILD.

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: NHLBI Workshop on the Primary Prevention of Chronic Lung Diseases

McEvoy, Cindy T.; Jain, Lucky; Schmidt, Barbara; Abman, Steven; Bancalari, Eduardo; Aschner, Judy L.
Fonte: American Thoracic Society Publicador: American Thoracic Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common complication of extreme preterm birth. Infants who develop BPD manifest aberrant or arrested pulmonary development and can experience lifelong alterations in cardiopulmonary function. Despite decades of promising research, primary prevention of BPD has proven elusive. This workshop report identifies current barriers to the conduct of primary prevention studies for BPD and causal pathways implicated in BPD pathogenesis. Throughout, we highlight promising areas for research to improve understanding of normal and aberrant lung development, distinguish BPD endotypes, and ascertain biomarkers for more targeted therapeutic approaches to prevention. We conclude with research recommendations and priorities to accelerate discovery and promote lung health in infants born preterm.

Reproducibility of the six-minute walk test and Glittre ADL-test in patients hospitalized for acute and exacerbated chronic lung disease

José,Anderson; Dal Corso,Simone
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
Background: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and the Glittre ADL-test (GT) are used to assess functional capacity and exercise tolerance; however, the reproducibility of these tests needs further study in patients with acute lung diseases. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of the 6MWT and GT performed in patients hospitalized for acute and exacerbated chronic lung diseases. Method: 48 h after hospitalization, 81 patients (50 males, age: 52±18 years, FEV1: 58±20% of the predicted value) performed two 6MWTs and two GTs in random order on different days. Results: There was no difference between the first and second 6MWT (median 349 m [284-419] and 363 m [288-432], respectively) (ICC: 0.97; P<0.0001). A difference between the first and second tests was found in GT (median 286 s [220-378] and 244 s [197-323] respectively; P<0.001) (ICC: 0.91; P<0.0001). Conclusion: Although both the 6MWT and GT were reproducible, the best results occurred in the second test, demonstrating a learning effect. These results indicate that at least two tests are necessary to obtain reliable assessments.

Desaturation - distance ratio: a new concept for a functional assessment of interstitial lung diseases

PIMENTA, Suzana Pinheiro; ROCHA, Renata Barbosa da; BALDI, Bruno Guedes; KAWASSAKI, Alexandre de Melo; KAIRALLA, Ronaldo Adib; CARVALHO, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
INTRODUCTION: The functional evaluation has become increasingly important in the understanding and management of patients with interstitial lung diseases. The cardiopulmonary exercise test and the six-minute walk test (6MWT), through their isolated variables, have been used to do this evaluation, with some limitations. OBJECTIVES: We proposed a new composite index (desaturation distance ratio using continuous peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and the distance walked as a more reliable tool for doing a functional evaluation of these patients. METHODS: 6MWT was performed by interstitial lung diseases patients and controls. Analyzed parameters were walked distance and desaturation area (DAO2), obtained by taking the difference between maximal SpO2 possible (100%) and patient's SpO2 every 2 seconds. desaturation distance ratio was calculated using the ratio between DAO2 and distance walked. RESULTS: Forty-nine interstitial lung diseases patients and 11 control subjects completed the protocol. The mean (SD) age was 60 (12) years and 65 (9) years, respectively (p:NS). Data obtained from 6MWT showed a significant statistical difference between interstitial lung diseases patients and controls: mean walked distance (430 and 602 meters, respectively); SpO2 minimal maintained at least 10 seconds - SpO2 min (85% and 94%...

Desaturation - distance ratio: a new concept for a functional assessment of interstitial lung diseases

Pimenta,Suzana Pinheiro; Rocha,Renata Barbosa da; Baldi,Bruno Guedes; Kawassaki,Alexandre de Melo; Kairalla,Ronaldo Adib; Carvalho,Carlos Roberto Ribeiro
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
INTRODUCTION: The functional evaluation has become increasingly important in the understanding and management of patients with interstitial lung diseases. The cardiopulmonary exercise test and the six-minute walk test (6MWT), through their isolated variables, have been used to do this evaluation, with some limitations. OBJECTIVES: We proposed a new composite index (desaturation distance ratio using continuous peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and the distance walked as a more reliable tool for doing a functional evaluation of these patients. METHODS: 6MWT was performed by interstitial lung diseases patients and controls. Analyzed parameters were walked distance and desaturation area (DAO2), obtained by taking the difference between maximal SpO2 possible (100%) and patient's SpO2 every 2 seconds. desaturation distance ratio was calculated using the ratio between DAO2 and distance walked. RESULTS: Forty-nine interstitial lung diseases patients and 11 control subjects completed the protocol. The mean (SD) age was 60 (12) years and 65 (9) years, respectively (p:NS). Data obtained from 6MWT showed a significant statistical difference between interstitial lung diseases patients and controls: mean walked distance (430 and 602 meters, respectively); SpO2 minimal maintained at least 10 seconds - SpO2 min (85% and 94%...

Observer agreement in the diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases based on HRCT scans

Antunes,Viviane Baptista; Meirelles,Gustavo de Souza Portes; Jasinowodolinski,Dany; Pereira,Carlos Alberto de Castro; Verrastro,Carlos Gustavo Yuji; Torlai,Fabíola Goda; D'Ippolito,Giuseppe
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
OBJECTIVE: To determine the interobserver and intraobserver agreement in the diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) based on HRCT scans and the impact of observer expertise, clinical data and confidence level on such agreement. METHODS: Two thoracic radiologists and two general radiologists independently reviewed the HRCT images of 58 patients with ILDs on two distinct occasions: prior to and after the clinical anamnesis. The radiologists selected up to three diagnostic hypotheses for each patient and defined the confidence level for these hypotheses. One of the thoracic and one of the general radiologists re-evaluated the same images up to three months after the first readings. In the coefficient analyses, the kappa statistic was used. RESULTS: The thoracic and general radiologists, respectively, agreed on at least one diagnosis for each patient in 91.4% and 82.8% of the patients. The thoracic radiologists agreed on the most likely diagnosis in 48.3% (κ = 0.42) and 62.1% (κ = 0.58) of the cases, respectively, prior to and after the clinical anamnesis; likewise, the general radiologists agreed on the most likely diagnosis in 37.9% (κ = 0.32) and 36.2% (κ = 0.30) of the cases. For the thoracic radiologist...

DOENÇAS INTERSTICIAIS PULMONARES; INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASES

Martinez, José Antônio Baddini
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
As doenças intersticiais pulmonares são um grupo heterogêneo de patologias, cujas maiores anormalidades ocorrem distalmente aos bronquíolos terminais. Tais doenças costumam ser estudadas conjuntamente, porque compartilham características clínicas, radiológicas, e funcionais comuns. No presente artigo, é discutido o diagnóstico diferencial desse conjunto numeroso de doenças, e, em maior detalhe, algumas das enfermidades mais importantes na prática clínica diária.; The interstitial lung diseases are a non homogeneous group of disorders, which anatomical abnormalities occur within the regions of the lung distal to the terminal bronchioles. These diseases are generally studied all together, because they share common clinical, radiological, and physiological features. In this article we discuss the differential diagnosis of these complex processes. We also discuss in greater detail some of the most important interstitial lung diseases in the daily clinical practice.

Desaturation - distance ratio: a new concept for a functional assessment of interstitial lung diseases

Pimenta, Suzana Pinheiro; Rocha, Renata Barbosa da; Baldi, Bruno Guedes; Kawassaki, Alexandre de Melo; Kairalla, Ronaldo Adib; Carvalho, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
INTRODUCTION: The functional evaluation has become increasingly important in the understanding and management of patients with interstitial lung diseases. The cardiopulmonary exercise test and the six-minute walk test (6MWT), through their isolated variables, have been used to do this evaluation, with some limitations. OBJECTIVES: We proposed a new composite index (desaturation distance ratio using continuous peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and the distance walked as a more reliable tool for doing a functional evaluation of these patients. METHODS: 6MWT was performed by interstitial lung diseases patients and controls. Analyzed parameters were walked distance and desaturation area (DAO2), obtained by taking the difference between maximal SpO2 possible (100%) and patient's SpO2 every 2 seconds. desaturation distance ratio was calculated using the ratio between DAO2 and distance walked. RESULTS: Forty-nine interstitial lung diseases patients and 11 control subjects completed the protocol. The mean (SD) age was 60 (12) years and 65 (9) years, respectively (p:NS). Data obtained from 6MWT showed a significant statistical difference between interstitial lung diseases patients and controls: mean walked distance (430 and 602 meters, respectively); SpO2 minimal maintained at least 10 seconds - SpO2 min (85% and 94%...