Página 1 dos resultados de 1710 itens digitais encontrados em 0.003 segundos

O esquecimento do passado por refugiados africanos; The forgetting of the past by African refugees

Oliveira, Tania Biazioli de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/05/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
Esta pesquisa trata do esquecimento do passado por refugiados africanos. As entrevistas foram recolhidas na Casa do Migrante, albergue que acolhe migrantes internos, imigrantes e refugiados recém-chegados em São Paulo. Foram entrevistados dois africanos: um angolano e outro congolês. Nosso objetivo de estudar o esquecimento emergiu nas entrevistas individuais e compartilhada entre estes refugiados, pois eles não queriam lembrar as cenas de guerra em África. Compreendemos o esquecimento, levantando a hipótese freudiana de que os refugiados querem esquecer o passado pois, ao tentarem dominar o golpe excessivo, repetem compulsivamente o trauma e a hipótese benjaminiana de que a dificuldade dos africanos em comunicar a experiência de guerra se deve ao declínio da narrativa e a experiência do choque após o avanço das forças produtivas. Porém, buscamos investigar se é possível elaborar o passado. Compreendemos as levas de refugiados ao redor do mundo como resultado da crise do capitalismo global, como nos mostrou Robert Kurz. Não se trata de povos obrigados a sair de sua pátria desde a antiga história religiosa da humanidade, tão pouco de vítimas de perseguição ou vítimas de violação dos direitos humanos, como concebe a Cáritas Arquidiocesana de São Paulo no atendimento aos refugiados. Analisamos as entrevistas a partir de três categorias de análise a fuga da guerra...

Neuropsychiatric disorders among Syrian and Iraqi refugees in Jordan: a retrospective cohort study 2012–2013

McKenzie, Erica D; Spiegel, Paul; Khalifa, Adam; Mateen, Farrah J
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
Background: The burden of neuropsychiatric disorders in refugees is likely high, but little has been reported on the neuropsychiatric disorders that affect Syrian and Iraqi refugees in a country of first asylum. This analysis aimed to study the cost and burden of neuropsychiatric disorders among refugees from Syria and Iraq requiring exceptional, United Nations-funded care in a country of first asylum. Methods: The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees works with multi-disciplinary, in-country exceptional care committees to review refugees’ applications for emergency or exceptional medical care. Neuropsychiatric diagnoses among refugee applicants were identified through a retrospective review of applications to the Jordanian Exceptional Care Committee (2012–2013). Diagnoses were made using International Classification of Disease-10th edition codes rendered by treating physicians. Results: Neuropsychiatric applications accounted for 11% (264/2526) of all Exceptional Care Committee applications, representing 223 refugees (40% female; median age 35 years; 57% Syrian, 36% Iraqi, 7% other countries of origin). Two-thirds of neuropsychiatric cases were for emergency care. The total amount requested for neuropsychiatric disorders was 925...

Assessment of Development Needs of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons in Eastern Sudan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
East Sudan has received a continuous influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees over the last forty years. Mass influxes were witnessed during years when the region experienced natural catastrophes as droughts and floods, or an escalation of tensions and conflict in neighboring countries, mainly Eritrea and Ethiopia. Presently there is still a steady but smaller in numbers influx of refugees, mostly from Eritrea, but with an apparent change in their social composition and expectations. Present day internal population movements relate to more conventional forms of migration within Sudan, that is, households in search of work and economic opportunities. Still, the situation of the large number of IDPs that moved to the area over 15 years ago and are living in camps is precarious and needs urgent attention. Presently there are not the basic conditions required to provide a durable solution to the refugees in a protracted situation in eastern Sudan. To a large extent that also applies to IDPs with long permanence in camps; there are not conditions to achieve self-reliance by most of the displaced population given the situation of their locations in eastern Sudan in terms of natural environment and its capacity to support sustainable agriculture and other urban and rural economic activities. Within the overall mission of the World Bank...

The Impact of Syrians Refugees on the Turkish Labor Market

Del Carpio, Ximena V.; Wagner, Mathis
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.39%
Civil war in Syria has resulted in more than four million refugees fleeing the country, of which 1.8 million have found refuge in Turkey, making it the largest refugee-hosting country worldwide. This paper combines newly available data on the 2014 distribution of Syrian refugees across subregions of Turkey with the Turkish Labour Force Survey, to assess the impact on Turkish labor market conditions. Using a novel instrument, the analysis finds that the refugees, who overwhelmingly do not have work permits, result in the large-scale displacement of informal, low-educated, female Turkish workers, especially in agriculture. While there is net displacement, the inflow of refugees also creates higher-wage formal jobs, allowing for occupational upgrading of Turkish workers. Average Turkish wages have increased primarily as the composition of the employed has changed because of the inflow of refugees.

The UNHCR and its mandate on refugee management: the case of Bangladeshi and Myanmar refugees

Halder, Nomita
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 67004 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
This essay is a comparative study of Bangladeshi (former East Pakistani) refugees in India and Myanmar Refugees in Bangladesh, and an analysis of the activities of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), particularly during complex emergencies. It is also analyses the role of UNHCR as a humanitarian organisation, based on the criteria of its present mandate. It concludes by suggesting that the mandate should be updated.

Integration or exclusion? : the resettlement experiences of refugees in Australia.

Hinsliff, Julia
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
Recent policy changes have created a new era of refugee resettlement in Australia. As a result of the introduction of the onshore refugee program, a two-tier resettlement assistance system has developed. This system differentiates between refugees who have been issued protection visas offshore and onshore, and provides considerably less resettlement assistance to onshore-visaed refugees with Temporary Protection Visa (TPVs). The exclusion of TPV holders from resettlement assistance programs and the temporary nature of the visa has prompted this comparative study of the resettlement experiences of two groups of recently arrived refugees. This thesis considers the experiences of recently arrived refugees within the economic, social, cultural and political spheres of resettlement, in order to develop a deeper understanding of the inter-related nature of the resettlement process and the impact of visa category on the integration of refugees in contemporary Australia. Kuhlman’s (1991) model of refugee resettlement, and definition of integration form the basis of the theoretical framework of the thesis. A multiple method approach has been applied to the study and data from the second cohort of the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia (LSIA) was analysed to present a macro level understanding of the resettlement experiences of recent arrivals in Australia. In Adelaide...

A social and demographic study of Tibetan refugees in India

Bhatia, Shushum; Dranyi, Tsegyal; Rowley, Derrick
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
The social and demographic characteristics of ~65,000 Tibetan refugees in India were determined from data collected 1994-1996. Approximately 55,000 refugees were living in 37 settlements widely distributed around India. The remaining 10,000 refugees were monks living in monasteries associated with some of the settlements, mostly in the south of India. In the settlements, a community-based surveillance system was established and data were collected by trained community health workers in house to house visits. In the monasteries, data were collected by the community health workers in monthly interviews with a designated liaison monk at each monastery. These data indicated little immigration of new civilian refugees in the past 10 years into the settlements but a steady influx of new monks into the monasteries. The age distribution in the settlements showed a prominent mode in the 15-25 year age range, a declining birth rate, and an increasing proportion of elderly. In general, refugees born in India were educated through secondary school, while refugees born in Tibet were often illiterate. The principle occupations were education involving 27% (including students), farming, 16%, and sweater selling, 6.5%; another 6.5% were too young or too old for employment...

Out of Africa : Sudanese refugees and the construction of difference in political and lay talk.

Hanson-Easey, Scott
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.51%
Over the last ten years, more than 20,000 Sudanese refugees have resettled in Australia and have been granted permanent residency. This new cohort of refugees has entered Australia via the federal government’s offshore component of the Refugee and Humanitarian Programme, sanctioned by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Although there exists a cluster of discourse analytic work that examines debates surrounding asylum seekers that arrive by boat (often labelled as ‘illegal immigrants’), there is a dearth of discursive psychological work that analyses how humanitarian refugees are constructed in political and everyday talk. This thesis addresses that gap by examining how humanitarian refugees, entering Australia under the auspices of the government, are represented and accounted for in public discourse and conversation. Employing a critical discursive psychological approach, this thesis analyses political interviews and lay talkback radio calls, to examine in close detail some of the manifold rhetorical practices that speakers deploy when constructing and advancing arguments that represent Sudanese refugees as ostensibly ‘different’. The first Chapter of this thesis introduces previous critical discursive research on refugees and asylum seekers in Australia...

Low Vitamin B12 levels among newly-arrived refugees from Bhutan, Iran and Afghanistan: a multicentre Australian study

Benson, J.; Phillips, C.; Kay, M.; Webber, M.; Ratcliff, A.; Correa-Velez, I.; Lorimer, M.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
Background: Vitamin B12 deficiency is prevalent in many countries of origin of refugees. Using a threshold of 5% above which a prevalence of low Vitamin B12 is indicative of a population health problem, we hypothesised that Vitamin B12 deficiency exceeds this threshold among newly-arrived refugees resettling in Australia, and is higher among women due to their increased risk of food insecurity. This paper reports Vitamin B12 levels in a large cohort of newly arrived refugees in five Australian states and territories. Methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive study, we collected Vitamin B12, folate and haematological indices on all refugees (n = 916; response rate 94% of eligible population) who had been in Australia for less than one year, and attended one of the collaborating health services between July 2010 and July 2011. Results: 16.5% of participants had Vitamin B12 deficiency (<150 pmol/L). One-third of participants from Iran and Bhutan, and one-quarter of participants from Afghanistan had Vitamin B12 deficiency. Contrary to our hypothesis, low Vitamin B12 levels were more prevalent in males than females. A higher prevalence of low Vitamin B12 was also reported in older age groups in some countries. The sensitivity of macrocytosis in detecting Vitamin B12 deficiency was only 4.6%. Conclusion: Vitamin B12 deficiency is an important population health issue in newly-arrived refugees from many countries. All newly-arrived refugees should be tested for Vitamin B12 deficiency. Ongoing research should investigate causes...

Low vitamin B12 levels among newly-arrived refugees from Bhutan, Iran and Afghanistan: a multicentre Australian study

Benson, Jill; Phillips, Christine; Kay, Margaret; Webber, Murray T.; Ratcliff, Alison J.; Correa-Velez, Ignacio; Lorimer, Michelle F.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6 pages
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
BACKGROUND Vitamin B12 deficiency is prevalent in many countries of origin of refugees. Using a threshold of 5% above which a prevalence of low Vitamin B12 is indicative of a population health problem, we hypothesised that Vitamin B12 deficiency exceeds this threshold among newly-arrived refugees resettling in Australia, and is higher among women due to their increased risk of food insecurity. This paper reports Vitamin B12 levels in a large cohort of newly arrived refugees in five Australian states and territories. METHODS In a cross-sectional descriptive study, we collected Vitamin B12, folate and haematological indices on all refugees (n = 916; response rate 94% of eligible population) who had been in Australia for less than one year, and attended one of the collaborating health services between July 2010 and July 2011. RESULTS 16.5% of participants had Vitamin B12 deficiency (<150 pmol/L). One-third of participants from Iran and Bhutan, and one-quarter of participants from Afghanistan had Vitamin B12 deficiency. Contrary to our hypothesis, low Vitamin B12 levels were more prevalent in males than females. A higher prevalence of low Vitamin B12 was also reported in older age groups in some countries. The sensitivity of macrocytosis in detecting Vitamin B12 deficiency was only 4.6%. CONCLUSION Vitamin B12 deficiency is an important population health issue in newly-arrived refugees from many countries. All newly-arrived refugees should be tested for Vitamin B12 deficiency. Ongoing research should investigate causes...

Separation from family and its impact on the mental health of Sudanese refugees in Australia: A qualitative study

Savic, M.; Chur-Hansen, A.; Mahmood, M.; Moore, V.
Fonte: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc Publicador: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
Objective: This study explored the impact of separation from family members on the mental health and wellbeing of Sudanese refugees in Australia, and the coping strategies used. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with Sudanese community representatives and health workers, primary and mental health care practitioners, health service managers and policy makers. Interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Separation was perceived as having a negative impact on the mental health of Sudanese refugees in Australia, and manifested in concern about the safety of relatives abroad and in changing roles. The pressure to send money home emerged as a high priority for Sudanese refugees, often superseding local concerns. Several strategies were used to bridge the separation gap, including maintaining contact through the use of information communication technologies, and family-reunification. Conclusions: Separation from family can be an ongoing source of stress and sadness among refugees in countries such as Australia. While resettling refugees are actively taking steps to cope with the impact of separation, awareness of the issue in mainstream services appears to be low. Implications: Separation from family continues to affect refugees' lives in countries of resettlement. While it may be difficult to alter the course of the monumental circumstances that cause forced migration...

Polemics of Healing: Storytelling, refugees and futures

Saniotis, A.; Sobhanian, F.
Fonte: Graduate Institute of Futures Studies, Tamkang University Publicador: Graduate Institute of Futures Studies, Tamkang University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.27%
The plight of refugees has been well documented in a number of countries. Refugees represent the failure of nation states to live peacefully and endow human rights to their citizens. A significant aspect of refugees'; stories concerns the ways in which they express their distress. In this paper we locate storytelling in the lives of Afghan refugee women living in Australia. We explore the tie between the body and metaphor and how the later is articulated via a language of distress. We also tie current constructions of refugees to the wider social sphere. Here, refugees are viewed in an array of negative stereotypes which mirrors the moral crisis of post-modernity. We suggest for the fostering of empathy towards refugees in the future as their stories allow us to become more humane, thereby providing a means of developing a higher level of consciousness.; Arthur Saniotis and Farahnaz Sobhanian

Assessment of ministerial discretion granted by s417 Migration Act 1958 and it's current usage, in relation to Australia's international obligations of refugees.

Child, Kobie
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
Refugees and asylum seekers arrive in Australia seeking protection from the countries they have left. There is a distinction between these two types of arrivals, for example, refugees are defined by the Convention Regarding Refugees 1951, Article 1 A (2), adopted by Australia. Asylum seekers in contrast, seek refuge for other humanitarian or compassionate reasons. The Australian system does not identify the two categories as separate. Instead, all applications are assessed by DIMIA officials, against the Convention, which asylum seekers often do not meet. If found to meet the definition, they are granted temporary protection however, if not they have access to appeal or are returned to their country of origin. Under treaties, such as the JCCPR, CROC, and CAT, asylum seekers who have an unforeseen reason to remain in Australia, are entitled to protection of the State. Other countries such as Canada, the UK and New Zealand allow for asylum seekers to use a separate and direct process. Australia should follow these examples. Previously the Act did separate the two types of applicants under s6A (1) (e), allowing applicants to apply for Permanent Residence. However, the 1989 reforms revoked this section and did not replace it. Therefore...

Silent Exodus: Iraqi Refugees in Syria and Government Responses

Moritz, Jessie
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.48%
The US-led invasion of Iraq in early 2003 and the subsequent disintegration of sectarian relations within Iraq since 2006 has driven unprecedented displacement in the Middle Eastern region, as Iraqis have fled Baghdad and other centres of violence in droves and searched for safer living conditions in neighbouring states. The urban nature of this refugee crisis challenges host-states and humanitarian agencies such as the UNHCR to create flexible policies that can engage with and provide for impoverished Iraqi refugees in an urban context. This issue is particularly pertinent in the Syrian Arab Republic, which currently hosts the vast majority of Iraqi refugees. Although Syria is not a signatory of the Geneva Convention or the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, it has nevertheless taken a unique and interesting approach to the refugee crisis which is important to examine. Due to their disastrous experience with Palestinian refugees and lack of international aid, Syria defines Iraqis fleeing Iraq as 'guests' of Syria rather than 'refugees'. Indeed, an integral part of Syria's response to this influx of refugees has been use of a flexible 'informal' policy; although Syria has no official 'refugee' policy, it has nevertheless manipulated their 'guest' policy and inconsistent enforcement of this and other policies to create a multifaceted response to the Iraqi refugees. This paper examines both formal and informal Syrian policy in order to assess their response to an influx of over one million Iraqi refugees over the past seven years. It suggests that Syrian informal policy was largely successful in providing humanitarian aid- free schooling and healthcare...

Thirty Years On- developments in settlement services based on the experiences of the Vietnamese refugees

Pashley, Amanda
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.39%
The successful settlement of refugees is an important issue not only for the individuals but also for the host society. Refugees can contribute significantly both economically and socially to the host society post settlement. However, prolonged settlement can lead to many costs for the community. As a result, effective and efficient settlement services play a crucial role in Australia's humanitarian program. There are still barriers and inadequacies within the current settlement services that need to be addressed. In order to discover ways in which services today can be improved this report will examine the settlement experiences of Vietnamese refugees in Australia, with a case study of the Fairfield-Liverpool area of South West Sydney. The analysis will identify the issues that this group experienced in relation to the settlement services and how they overcame these difficulties. A comparison of these findings with the services available today will highlight which services are ineffective in addressing the problems of newly arrived refugee groups and leads to the development of recommendations for improving today' s services. This research report utilised secondary literature in order to fully analyse the issues involved, with a heavy reliance on commissioned reports on services and also independent reports from non-profit organisations. Knowledge from local people was also obtained to ensure a thorough understanding of the issues that the Vietnamese refugees faced and the problems that face refugees today. The analysis of this research led to the development of recommendations for the improvement of current services. Recommendations: Employment - Job Services Australia (JSA) o A significant increase in the number of specialist JSAs or a reconsideration of a specialist employment service for migrants is recommended. o Greater utilisation of community networks with improved communication and coordination between refugees...

Report from the Colloquium on Refugees, Regionalism and Responsibility 22- 23 August 2013, The Australian National University

Harley, Tristan; Mathew, Penelope
Fonte: The Australian National University Publicador: The Australian National University
Tipo: Relatório Formato: 21 pages
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
1. This report broadly reflects the ideas and understandings that emerged from a colloquium on Refugees, Regionalism and Responsibility held on 22-23 August, 2013 at the Australian National University. With the exception of the opening address, the statements contained in this report do not necessarily represent the individual views of any participant or any organisation in attendance. 2. Participants at the colloquium included representatives from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights, the Embassy of Indonesia in Australia, the Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network, government and NGO (non-governmental organization) experts, and national and international academics from a range of disciplinary backgrounds. A full list of participants can be found at the end of this report. 3. The purpose of the colloquium was to discuss the merits of regional arrangements for sharing responsibility for refugees. Questions considered included the following: - What does responsibility sharing for refugees mean? Who should be responsible, why and how? - How have regional arrangements for refugees developed? What sort of regionalism do they embody? Do they result in protection and durable solutions for refugees? - How should regional cooperation frameworks for refugee protection be developed in the future? 4. Professor Penelope Mathew and Mr Tristan Harley co-convened the colloquium and prepared a background paper to inform the discussion at the colloquium. Their research is supported by the Australian Research Council's Discovery Projects funding scheme (project number 120102224).

Living with Faith for Now: Journey of Iraqi Refugees Between Homes

El-sadek, Leena
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 24/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
Many refugees from around the world have witnessed and experienced violence in their communities, causing them to flee to a new country. Iraqi refugees have been displaced to neighboring countries, such as Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon. Though in exile, memories of the past linger and contribute to the ongoing challenges in the host community. People cope in different ways, and this thesis examines how Iraqi refugees in Egypt heal and re-imagine a world during displacement. Using life-story interviews from Iraqi refugees in Egypt, in addition to field-site observations in Jordan, Amman and Durham, North Carolina, I argue that faith offers moments to heal and re-imagine better futures. The interviews suggest that faith is derived differently for male and female Iraqi refugees. Female Iraqi refugees discussed faith in terms of outwardly religious expression and community, such as the Quran, mosque, hijab, and collective prayers. Male Iraqi refugees, however, described their faith as a “feeling” or a personal relationship between themselves and Allah. Though faith precipitates out of different behaviors and activities, Iraqi refugees in Egypt cling onto their faith to keep imagining better worlds. They keep working, and as evidenced by latest encounters with the Durham refugee community...

The Welfare of Syrian Refugees; Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon

Verme, Paolo; Gigliarano, Chiara; Wieser, Christina; Hedlund, Kerren; Petzoldt, Marc; Santacroce, Marco
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Book; Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
The book focuses on the largest refugee crisis of our time: the Syrian refugee crisis. It exploits a wealth of survey and registry data on Syrian refugees living in Jordan and Lebanon to assess their poverty and vulnerability status, understand the predictors of these statuses, evaluate the performance of existing policies toward refugees, and determine the potential for alternative policies. Findings point to a complex situation. In the absence of humanitarian assistance, poverty is extremely high among refugees. Current policies including cash transfers and food vouchers are effective in reducing poverty but they remain short of providing economic inclusion and self-reliance of refugees. A shift toward economic inclusion and self-reliance would require a different humanitarian and development paradigm, one that focuses on growth policies for areas affected by refugees where the target population is constituted by refugees and hosting populations alike. This joint study by the World Bank Group and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees helps bridge the historical divide between humanitarian and development work by providing practical solutions for assisting refugees in the short, medium and long-term and to prevent the irreversible loss of social and human capital typically associated with prolonged refugee crises.

Forced Displacement and Refugees in Sub-Saharan Africa; An Economic Inquiry

Verwimp, Philip; Maystadt, Jean-Francois
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
Most reports on refugees deal with the immediate needs of displaced people. This paper seeks to go beyond the emergency phase and explore the challenges surrounding protracted refugee situations. The paper examines the refugee situation in Sub-Saharan Africa from a long-term angle, from the perspective of refugees own agency as well as from the perspective of the host community. The paper aims to shed light on the economic lives of refugees in their host communities. Starting with an overview of the situation of refugees in Sub-Saharan Africa, the paper draws on findings from the literature to debunk some entrenched beliefs about refugees. The discussion of refugee crises in Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda draws some lessons. The decision to return is discussed and it is argued that the decision depends on the socioeconomic condition in the host country versus the country of refuge, integration versus return policies in place, the individual set of skills of each refugee, and his or her subjective perception of the political climate in both countries.

The mental health status of Mayan refugees after repatriation to Guatemala

Sabin,Miriam; Sabin,Keith; Kim,Hyoung Yong; Vergara,Marianela; Varese,Luis
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.39%
OBJECTIVE: Only one previous study had examined the epidemiology of mental health in Guatemalan refugees. The objective of this new study was to estimate the prevalence of mental illness and to assess factors associated with poor mental health among Guatemalan Mayan refugees who had been repatriated to Guatemala after spending 12-18 years in refugee camps in Mexico, and to compare the results for the repatriated Guatemalans with those for Guatemalan refugees who were continuing to live in Mexico. METHODS: In 2001 a cross-sectional survey of adults (> 16 years) was conducted with random household sampling proportional to the population size in each of the five repatriation villages surveyed. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression were measured by the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25. RESULTS: Together, the five repatriation villages had 565 households. Of the 565 households, 203 of them were approached to solicit study participation. A total of 179 households (one adult per household) agreed to participate, representing an overall participation rate of 88%, and one-third of all the households in the five communities. The respondents had personally experienced a mean of 5.5 trauma events and had witnessed a mean of 7.3 other trauma events. Of the respondents...