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Desenvolvimento de método de avaliação de desempenho de processos de manufatura considerando parâmetros de sustentabilidade; Development of a method for manufacturing processes assessment considering sustainability parameters

Araujo, Juliano Bezerra de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
As empresas não mais podem pensar em desenvolvimento econômico sem a paralela preservação do meio-ambiente e do benefício mútuo da sociedade. É importante que as condições econômicas e sociais sejam melhoradas ao longo do tempo, sem exceder a capacidade de suporte do planeta. As indústrias podem contribuir para melhorar esse cenário aplicando uma gestão sustentável de manufatura, uma vez que estes são um dos principais agentes causadores de impactos. No entanto, para que consigam aprimorar a sustentabilidade de seus processos, é indispensável, antes de tudo, conhecer o seu real desempenho. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo principal desenvolver um método estruturado e simples para a avaliação de desempenho em sustentabilidade de processos de manufatura, permitindo a construção de relatórios de sustentabilidade mais precisos, periódicos e que venham a apoiar o processo de tomada de decisão gerencial. Embora modelos para a avaliação de desempenho em sustentabilidade tenham sido apresentados nos últimos anos, como o guia GRI, estes ainda carecem de critérios e regras para realizar análises mais precisas e integradas. O método proposto pode ser aplicado em dois processos de manufatura distintos, comprovando a sua eficácia e robustez. Ele é usado para analisar e comparar o desempenho em sustentabilidade de dois processos de usinagem...

Desenvolvimento sustentável e produção mais limpa : estudo de caso em uma empresa do setor moveleiro; Sustainable development and cleaner production: a case study in a furniture company

Oliveira, Edmar Bonfim de; Castro, Ana Cristina Fiori de; Raimundini, Simone Letícia; Strumiello, Luis Daniel Pittini
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
O estudo aborda o Desenvolvimento Sustentável e as implicações do modelo de produção mais limpa nos processos produtivos de uma indústria do setor moveleiro. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estudar os conceitos de desenvolvimento sustentável e produção mais limpa em uma empresa industrial. O estudo de caso foi o método de pesquisa adotado em uma empresa do setor moveleiro. As técnicas de coleta de dados foram entrevistas semiestruturadas, observação não participante e pesquisa bibliográfica. Os resultados mostram que a empresa, preocupada com as questões ambientais, promoveu mudanças almejando a sustentabilidade, reorganizou seu processo produtivo e reaproveitou os resíduos gerados durante o mesmo. As conclusões do estudo apontam que a empresa estudada adotou o modelo de produção mais limpa de forma informal e os benefícios confirmam a sustentabilidade.; The study deals with Sustainable Development and the implications of a cleaner production model in the manufacturing processes of a furniture company. The goal of this research was to study the concepts of sustainable development and cleaner production in a plant. The research method was a case study applied in a furniture company. The data collecting techniques used were semi-structure interviews...

Aplicação de conceitos da manufatura sustentável: pesquisa-ação em uma empresa gráfica

Silva, Othon Fabrício Martins da
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 151 f. : il.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.57%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Engenharia de Produção - FEB; Como alternativa às contemporâneas práticas que norteiam a sociedade capitalista e industrializada de consumo, as corporações encontram no desenvolvimento sustentável - movimento originado por conta do eminente conhecimento dos efeitos devastadores da atuação humana no planeta - uma motivação para que se efetuasse uma significativa alteração no direcionamento das práticas estabelecidas, objetivando o surgimento de pilares de uma nova fase, onde os paradigmas são outros: no lugar do esgotamento dos recursos naturais do planeta, agora a temática primordial tem o foco na sustentabilidade. Diversos modelos de sistemas de medição de desempenho foram desenvolvidos para promover uma visão balanceada do mercado, a identificação das demandas das partes interessadas e a tradução dessas demandas em medidas internas coerentes e capazes de serem transmitidas para toda a organização, visando ao atendimento dos objetivos empresariais. Entretanto, enquanto estes modelos foram propostos e implantados, surgiram novas demandas apoiadas no conceito do desenvolvimento sustentável, estimulando o surgimento de novos pensamentos para o sistema de manufatura. Diante desse cenário...

Developing sustainable food supply chains

Smith, B. Gail
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
This paper reviews the opportunities available for food businesses to encourage consumers to eat healthier and more nutritious diets, to invest in more sustainable manufacturing and distribution systems and to develop procurement systems based on more sustainable forms of agriculture. The important factors in developing more sustainable supply chains are identified as the type of supply chain involved and the individual business attitude to extending responsibility for product quality into social and environmental performance within their own supply chains. Interpersonal trust and working to standards are both important to build more sustainable local and many conserved food supply chains, but inadequate to transform mainstream agriculture and raw material supplies to the manufactured and commodity food markets. Cooperation among food manufacturers, retailers, NGOs, governmental and farmers’ organizations is vital in order to raise standards for some supply chains and to enable farmers to adopt more sustainable agricultural practices.

Enabling waste elimination, learning, and continuous improvement through standardization

Stover, Mark E. (Mark Eugene)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 94 leaves; 5371855 bytes; 5375782 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
Many manufacturing companies have developed their own operating system, usually based upon the Toyota Production System, in an effort to improve productivity, quality, and profitability. Continuous improvement is a central theme to most operating systems. Typically large continuous improvement projects or kaizen bursts are used to improve processes. However, these often lead to variable and unsustainable results. A hypothesis is that a detailed standardization of processes will enable opportunities to be quickly revealed. Then a focus on incremental improvement through experimentation can lead to dramatic sustainable results. This thesis is based upon my experience at Mighty Motors in an attempt to gain a deeper understanding about standardization and continuous improvement. I obtained this understanding through direct observation by working with operators on the assembly line to standardize the process and make improvements. I developed the following conclusions: Focus on standardization to achieve sustainable continuous improvement. Without standardization, randomness and variability will hide the wastes and improvements will deteriorate.; (cont.) Value the incremental improvement approach to continuous improvement. Through simple...

Innovation enabling manufacturing processes

Lu, Ilyssa Jing
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 63 p.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
Global operations for multinational companies today pose a particularly challenging environment for maintaining fluid knowledge transfer and effective communication methodologies. In a continuous drive for product innovation, process development often takes on lower priority to other initiatives that directly affect the design and delivery of a product. However, existing literature shows that process development and governance are critical to sustainable growth in the global marketplace. Multinational companies must recognize the need to integrate process development in a product centric enterprise to maintain effective information flow and clear communication channels. Cisco faces this challenging in maintaining effective cross-functional communication while growing through acquisition and new product developments. Cisco also faces additional complexity in managing a global network of outsourced manufacturing activities. This research analyzes two case studies in process development within the Manufacturing organization at Cisco. Specifically, these two case studies focus on driving early engagement of manufacturing concerns in the product lifecycle and effective means of facilitating this initiative.; by Ilyssa Jing Lu.; Thesis (M.B.A.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Quilombolas e desenvolvimento sustentável: análise a partir da comunidade Capoeira dos Negros (Macaíba/RN); Quilombolas and sustainable development: analysis from the Capoeira dos Negros community (Macaíba / RN)

Macedo, Rayana Garcia de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa Regional de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente PRODEMA; Meio Ambiente, Cultura e Desenvolvimento Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa Regional de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente PRODEMA; Meio Ambiente, Cultura e Desenvolvimento
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
Quilombo communities remaining are groups marked by insufficient public assistance and characterized by living in rural and conducting economic activities such as agriculture. The development on a sustainable basis is important to ensure strategies for economic growth and environmental preservation. This work aims to study the remaining Quilombo Capoeira Black community, located in the municipality of Macaíba, Rio Grande do Norte, considering the principles of sustainable development. Attempt to respond to what level such community can be considered sustainable from an analysis of their social practices. The methodological procedures used consisted of a literature review and documentary, questionnaires, conducting semi-structured interviews and direct observation. The final results show that the family farm has characteristics that approximate the principles of sustainable development, including the diversification of labor, food production with less environmental damage and strengthening the rural environment, and indicate that the main economic activities practiced in Capoeira dos Negros community are agriculture, manufacturing of cassava flour and brick manufacturing, which, in turn, are linked to negative environmental impacts...

Sustaining New Coordination Methods: The Case of World Class Manufacturing

Allen, Jonathan; Bakos, Yannis; Kling, Rob
Fonte: Rob Kling Center for Social Informatics Publicador: Rob Kling Center for Social Informatics
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 87666 bytes; 10176 bytes; text/html; image/jpeg
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
A popular philosophy of manufacturing reform commonly referred to as "World Class Manufacturing", calls for the adoption of organizational practices that significantly alter coordination within and between manufacturing firms. These practices are intended to enable continuous improvement, speed up response time, improve product quality, and create closer relationships with customers and suppliers. The adoption of coordination methods advocated by World Class Manufacturing, such as cross-functional teams and vendor certification, has been uneven. This is not surprising, considering the diversity of technical and institutional demands faced by different manufacturing firms, and even by different groups within firms. But the literature on World Class Manufacturing coordination reforms has yet to describe the key contextual factors and processes which make these methods more or less sustainable for different organizations, continuing to prescribe the same solutions to every firm regardless of their situation or history. In this study, we turn to organizational theory to help explain the sustainability or abandonment of different World Class Manufacturing coordination methods. Using a case study of three different coordination reforms in a Southern California aerospace firm...

Light Manufacturing in Africa : Targeted Policies to Enhance Private Investment and Create Jobs

Dinh, Hinh T.; Palmade, Vincent; Chandra, Vandana; Cossar, Frances
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
The World Bank's strategy for Africa's future recognizes the central importance of industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the consequent creation of productive jobs for Africans, which have long been a preoccupation of African leaders and policy makers. This book represents an attempt to address these issues. The book stresses that, while the recent turnaround in Africa's economic growth is encouraging, this growth must be accompanied by structural transformation to be sustainable and to create productive employment for its people. For many African countries, this transformation involves lifting workers from low-productivity agriculture and informal sectors into higher productivity activities. Light manufacturing can offer a viable solution for Sub-Saharan Africa, given its potential competitiveness that is based on low wage costs and abundance of natural resources that supply raw materials needed for industries. This study has five features that distinguish it from previous studies. First, the detailed studies on light manufacturing at the subsector and product levels in five countries provide in-depth cost comparisons between Asia and Africa. Second...

Light Manufacturing in Zambia : Job Creation and Prosperity in a Resource-Based Economy

Dinh, Hinh T.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
This book on light manufacturing in Zambia is part of broader World Bank work on light manufacturing in Africa. The focus on light manufacturing, with its emphasis on labor-intensive economic activities, is particularly appropriate for a resource-based economy such as that of Zambia. While Zambia's recent growth has been impressive, it has not been accompanied with adequate job creation. The long-term job creation in copper production has been small; links to the rest of the economy tend to be weak as well; and the development of natural resources tends to discourage job-creating sectors such as manufacturing in any case. This book has several innovative features. First, it provides in-depth cost comparisons between Zambia and four other countries in Africa and Asia at the sector and product levels. Second, the book uses a wide array of quantitative and qualitative techniques to identify key constraints to enterprises and to evaluate differences in the performance of firms across countries. Third, it uses a focused approach to identify country-and industry-specific constraints. It proposes market-based measures and selected government interventions to ease these constraints. Fourth, it highlights the interconnectedness of constraints and solutions. For example...

Characterisation of beech wood pulp towards sustainable rapid prototyping

GARDAN, Julien; ROUCOULES, Lionel
Fonte: Inderscience publishers Publicador: Inderscience publishers
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Lien vers la version éditeur: http://www.inderscience.com/info/inarticle.php?artid=44700; Wood has several advantages that are transferable to various derivates allowing the introduction of a sustainable material into the product lifecycle. The objective of this paper is to apply a design for manufacturing approach based on wood flour rapid prototyping, while associating the requirements of the ‘mass customisation’ in the implementation of a customised product. New collaborative software allows consumers to be involved in the design process. Prototyping processes allow direct manufacturing of products.

Energy and Material Flow Analysis of Binder-jetting Additive Manufacturing Processes

METEYER, Simon; XU, Xin; PERRY, Nicolas; ZHAO, Yaoyao Fiona
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
Proceeding to 21st CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering; Manufacturing, where great amount of energy and materials are being consumed, should take response to have cleaner production and to improve its sustainability. Additive manufacturing (AM) technology shows potential to reduce environment impact as a more sustainable manufacturing method; however, the lack of well documented energy consumption and material flow data limits the development of Life-Cycle Inventory (LCI) analysis of AM technology. This paper presents an energy and material consumption model of Binder-Jetting (BJ) process. A Unit-Process (UP) level model is created and validated by experimental data to provide LCI data for further Life-Cycle Analysis (LCA) of BJ additive manufacturing processes. The accurate process model provides a tool to industry to understand the energy consumption and material efficiency aspect of the binder-jetting process and to allow comparisons with traditional processes.; EcoSD network

A study of the Mighty Motors operating system : making sustainable improvements at a powertrain manufacturing facility

Dibb, Gregory David, 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 134 p.; 7869959 bytes; 7869767 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.59%
Many manufacturing companies are developing their own production or operating system, particularly in an effort to duplicate the widely renowned Toyota Production System. Toyota has demonstrated its potential for improving productivity and profitability. These same opportunities exist in nearly all companies, manufacturing or otherwise. This thesis explores the application of a similar operating system for a powertrain manufacturing company referred to as the Mighty Motors Company. More specifically, this thesis seeks to discover and explain Mighty Motors' obstacles to making sustainable improvements on the factory floor. The conclusions of this thesis are based primarily on the author's firsthand observations at Mighty Motors' powertrain manufacturing facilities. These data include quotes from interviews, results from factory floor experiments, and observations from improvement projects on the factory floor. The data are then sorted into five categories of observations, which serve as the basis for final recommendations. These five recommendations are suggested as a course of action to overcome the obstacles to making sustainable improvements on the factory floor at Mighty Motors: 1. Go to the floor to make firsthand observations. The best quality data regarding a problem or opportunity on the factory floor is obtained by going to the site in question on the factory floor. 2. Standardize all activities (by making them highly specified according content...

Enhancing efficiency in the evolving grocery supply chain through vendor integration

Baer, Jeffrey C. (Jeffrey Clay)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 50 p.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
C&S Wholesale Grocers is a privately-held firm headquartered in Keene, New Hampshire. C&S is a leading low-cost, high-service procurement and distribution provider servicing grocery retailers, and is the second largest grocery wholesaler in the United States.' The firm has realized average annual revenue growth of nearly 20% since 1995, and projects nearly twenty billion dollars of revenue for 2006. C&S operations are mobilized to deliver over 53,000 grocery items to more than 4,000 corporate customers "at record speed."2 Historically, C&S Wholesale Grocers has relied upon process excellence to sustain profitable growth. An internal group, the Business Process Excellence group, is currently focusing on process improvements across all areas of the C&S value chain. In support of the "BPE" team, this project focuses on "Vendor Integration", or determining the most effective processes and programs by which C&S should collaborate with its vendors to drive out supply chain costs. The goal of this thesis is to present a framework for the determination of "best-in-class" programs relating to vendor integration, programs which contribute to sustainable growth. First, a presentation of the drivers of sustainable growth is defined.; (cont.) Then a framework is employed to generate a host of available programs to be considered. Two of the programs are selected for an in-depth evaluation: Lead-Time Reduction and Global Data Synchronization. Future internships will be able to draw upon the approach...

Lean manufacturing in a semiconductor environment : production leveling

Subramanian, Nima
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 61 p.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
Intel Corporation's Fab17 located at Hudson, MA underwent a large scale manufacturing ramp-up, increasing its production volume by over 50%. As a result of this manufacturing ramp-up, the factory is faced with various capacity issues. These capacity issues along with current work-in-progress inventory (WIP) management strategies lead to an unbalanced inventory flow within the factory. The unbalanced WIP flow results in wafers accumulating in front of certain operations/areas. This WIP accumulation or "WIP bubbles" creates unexpected demand for the various resources on the shop floor, putting an undue strain on them. This strain is felt the most in the bottleneck area. The objective of this project is to develop a sustainable solution methodology to alleviate the strain on the bottleneck. The scope of this project falls under Fab 17's lean manufacturing organization, known as the manufacturing excellence (mX) group, and, the analysis used in this internship utilizes lean manufacturing concepts and principles. The solution methodology analyzes the wafer fabrication process in layers rather than in segments. This approach clarifies WIP movement and identifies problem areas that cause WIP bubbles. Further, the thesis applies the concept of production leveling to wafer fabrication in order to alleviate (and eliminate) the pressure on the bottleneck.; by Nima Subramanian.; Thesis (M.B.A.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

A core competency model for aligning information technology with business objectives

Campbell, Kurt (Kurt A.)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 98 p.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Advances in Information Technology and Information Systems delivery over the past decades have restructured industries and created enormous value. Interestingly however, research shows companies traditionally have a very difficult time capturing the value from their investment. Any surplus created by these improvements is often competed away and given back to customers. Wall Street's irrational exuberance of the late 1990's has given way to a far more conservative and critical view concerning IT investment. Decision makers are focused on demonstrating that Information Technology expenditures result in positive net returns to the company. IT managers are faced with a fundamental question: How does the organization use Information Technology to create sustainable competitive advantage and capture value in its industry? This thesis proposes a framework, the Core Competency Model, to help companies think about Information Services strategy and Information Technology deployment. Instead of seeking to create competitive advantage through IT investment alone, it introduces the concept of core competencies. IT resources can be quickly duplicated by competitors, as has been shown in the research.; (cont.) Core competencies, the complex blending of unique resources and capabilities...

The relationship between manufacturing integration and performance from an activity-oriented perspective

Paiva,Ely Laureano; Gavronski,Iuri; D'Avila,Livia Castro
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.31%
Manufacturing integration with other functional areas and suppliers is a key aspect for achieving sustainable competitive advantage. The objective of this study is to analyze manufacturing integration from an activity-based perspective. We hypothesize that manufacturing integration with suppliers, marketing, and R&D is positively related to profit and sales growth when it occurs simultaneously in key internal activities. We surveyed 366 companies located in the southern region of Brazil, chosen from the SEBRAE(1) database. We used structural equations modeling to address validity and reliability issues. We evaluated common method variance (CMV) with the MTMM model and used path analysis to test the structural relations. We found that all manufacturing integration aspects are positively related to sales growth, but only manufacturing-R&D integration is positively related to profitability. Therefore, managers interested in improving the performance of their plants should favor the integration between manufacturing and R&D teams, at all hierarchical levels. We did not find any evidence, however, that direct interaction between manufacturing and marketing improves performance.

Eco-designing the use phase of products in sustainable manufacturing : the importance of maintenance and communication-to-user strategies

Sanyé Mengual, Esther; Pérez López, Paula; González García, Sara; García Lozano, Raúl; Feijoo Costa, Gumersindo; Moreira, Maria Teresa; Gabarrell Durany, Xavier; Rieradevall, Joan
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/submittedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
Sustainable manufacturing has increasingly included design for environment methodologies with the objective of improving the environmental performance of products over their entire life cycles. Current European Union (EU) directives on eco-design focus on the use phase of energy-related products (ErPs). However, the maintenance of various household non-ErPs is performed with ErPs; therefore, the environmental impacts of product maintenance have an important role in the life cycle of non-ErPs. This article presents two eco-design studies where the implementation of improvement strategies of the use and maintenance phase of products had relevant results. Furthermore, environmental communication-to-user strategies were important to ensure the commitment of users toward eco-efficient behaviors. First, a knife was eco-designed according to strategies which focused on materials, processing, maintenance, and communication to user. By applying eco-design in a cradle-to-consumer scope, improvements decreased the environmental impact of the eco-designed product by 30%. However, when considering the entire life cycle of the eco-designed product, environmental impacts could be reduced by up to 40% and even up to ≈93% (depending on the cleaning procedure) as a result of large improvements in the maintenance stage. Second...

Sustainable venture capital - catalyst for sustainable start-up success?

Bocken, N. M. P.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; published version
Português
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36.33%
This is the final version. It was first published by Elsevier at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.05.079; To address global sustainability challenges, major investments are required in sustainable businesses that deliver triple bottom line results. Although interest in sustainable businesses is on the rise, these businesses are not yet widespread. Venture capital investment has a key role to play in the development of sustainable start-ups. The research area of ?sustainable? venture capital is still emerging. More research is required to understand how venture capital can support the development of sustainable businesses. This paper provides insight into how venture capitalists can contribute to sustainable business success, by investigating their role, motivations, investment theses, and barriers and enablers to success of sustainable ventures. The following question is investigated: How can sustainable venture capitalists contribute to the success of sustainable start-ups? Interviews were conducted with an expert sample of leading sustainable venture capitalists and other key stakeholders in sustainable entrepreneurship. It was found that next to financial support, venture capitalists provide triple bottom line business advice and network support. Key success factors include business model innovation...

Absorptive capacity: Enhancing the assimilation of time-based manufacturing practices

Tu, Qiang; Vonderembse, Mark; Ragu-Nathan, T.S.; Sharkey, Thomas
Fonte: Journal of operations management Publicador: Journal of operations management
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
Increasingly, manufacturers are making radical changes in management practices and investing heavily in advanced technologies as they attempt to achieve sustainable competitive advantage. Organizations seeking to implement these changes should have an internal environment that emphasizes knowledge assimilation and sharing and creates continuous learning capability, i.e., absorptive capacity. This study reviews the construct of absorptive capacity, develops a valid and reliable instrument to measure it, and examines its impact on the organization's ability to assimilate innovative manufacturing technology and management practice. To illustrate the links, this study tests the relationships among absorptive capacity, time-based manufacturing practices, and value to customer. Structural equation modeling, applied to a relatively large sample (n = 303), indicates strong, positive, and direct relationships between absorptive capacity and time-based manufacturing practices, and between time-based manufacturing practices and value to customer. The managerial implications of these empirical findings are also discussed.; September 2006, Journal of operations management article. Please see www.ScienceDirect.com for the complete article.