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A Naval Postgraduate School em Monterey, na Califórnia, é uma escola de Pós-Graduação que pertence à Marinha dos Estados Unidos.

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How Does the Democratic Party of Japan Affect Security Policy? High Profile Stumbles and Quiet Progress

Weiner, Robert; Tatsumi, Yuki
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "When the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) took power in Japan in 2009, both Japanese and American observers feared sea changes in Japanese security policy. Compared to the longgoverning and familiar Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), the DPJ seemed young and inexperienced, farther left and less ideologically coherent, and eager to make policy change for change's sake. The DPJ has appeared to earn this reputation over the last three years, as exemplified by its early mishandling of reorganization plans for U.S. military installations in Okinawa, which prompted widespread criticism both within Japan and from U.S. alliance managers and observers. This notion of a hapless DPJ is only partly correct. The DPJ government has indeed begun to popularize and politicize Japanese security policy, leaving security decisions more exposed to political and public leverage. This reflects the party's anti-bureaucratic policymaking instincts, its top-heavy structure, and its promotion of two-party competition. In some ways, though, the party has been a victim of its own success. It has stumbled most badly over the most high-profile, politically salient issues: military base politics, incidents surrounding territorial disputes...

U.S.-Latin American Nuclear Relations: From Commitment to Defiance

Sotomayor, Arturo
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "Latin America is once again playing an active role in economic and world affairs. This recent activism is taking place after the region experienced decades of stagnant growth, financial chaos, and political instability. To date, Latin American countries are experiencing robust economic growth, spurred mostly by a strong Asian demand for commodities and the rapid expansion of middle classes across the region. In this context, there is a general recognition that nuclear power will likely play an important role in Latin America. Already, three states have nuclear plants within their territories--Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico--and they are reconsidering an expansion of their nuclear energy capacity. Likewise, countries such as Chile, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela have expressed increased interest in nuclear power generation as they have limited or finite indigenous energy resources to sustain their growth. In view of the possible greater need for nuclear power in the Western Hemisphere, this project focuses on an analysis of U.S.-Latin American nuclear cooperation. How do Latin American states cooperate with U.S. nonproliferation efforts? What issue-areas create sources of tension and which ones promote increased nuclear cooperation? What challenges do Latin America states face? How does the region's increased interest in nuclear power challenge U.S. security interests?"; 2012 013

Illicit Trafficking Challenges: Fighting the Good Fight Against Illicit Trafficking Networks

Russell, James A; Boureston, Jack
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "Events such as September 11, 2001, and the revelation that the Khan Nuclear Network helped known proliferators obtain needed equipment prompted international focus on illicit procurement networks. This study focuses on those efforts, considers their effectiveness, and asks what more can be done. [...] The study was commissioned by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. It is the fourth in a succession of investigations, conducted by James Russell and Jack Boureston into the workings of illicit procurement networks and the efforts that the international community is taking to stop these networks. Russell and Boureston set out to answer the following questions: Are there any practices that procurement agents use to elude law enforcement authorities? Why does the illicit trade of sensitive technologies continue? Why haven't individual nations and the international community been able to stop illicit traffickers? What more can be done to stop illicit procurement networks? To answer these questions, the investigators reviewed secondary sources since 2009 (the end of their third investigation of networks) and contacted a number of international experts who have focused on illicit trade issues to get their perspective on the problem and possible solutions."; 2012 012

NATO's Deterrence and Defense Posture after the Chicago Summit

Yost, David S.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "On 25-27 June 2012 the NATO Defense College, the NATO Nuclear Policy Directorate, and the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School Center on Contemporary Conflict convened a workshop at the NATO Defense College in Rome concerning the future of NATO's deterrence and defense posture in light of the decisions taken at the Alliance's summit meeting in Chicago in May 2012. Much of the discussion focused on the Deterrence and Defense Posture Review (DDPR) approved by the Allies at the Chicago Summit. Some workshop participants expressed reservations about a fundamental premise of the DDPR -- that the Allies should define an 'appropriate mix' of nuclear, conventional, and missile defense capabilities. Some participants argued that missile defense is burdened by questions about its effectiveness and cost, while 'conventional deterrence' is threatened by cutbacks in defense spending in the current and potentially long-lasting financial crisis. In this situation, the Allies will be faced with the choice of continuing to rely on nuclear deterrence or seeing deterrence undermined. [...] Participants agreed that strategic communication is essential for credibility and effective deterrence and crisis management...

U.S.-Turkey Strategic Dialogue

Clement, Victoria; Gingeras, Ryan
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "The Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) hosted a Track II dialogue on weapons of mass destruction and regional security in Istanbul from October 31 to November 2, 2012. This event was supported and executed by the Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Countering WMD (PASCC) of the Center on Contemporary Conflict. PASCC is sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). The participants included four main presenters from both Turkey and U.S. who specialize in security, global proliferation, disarmament, and weapons of mass destruction policy. Also present were observers from the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, DTRA, the U.S. Department of State, United States Institute of Peace, the U.S. Embassy in Ankara and the U.S. Consulate in Istanbul. The dialogue was structured like an academic seminar with multiple sessions during which each panelist had the opportunity to deliver 20 minutes of prepared remarks. Each session provided a period for open discussion among all the participants. At the end of the three--†day event, there was a 'Ways Forward' session involving all participants in a frank review of all topics that had been addressed as well as consideration of points for further discussion."; 2012 019

Towards Effective Emerging Infectious Diseases Surveillance: Evidence from Kenya, Peru, Thailand, and the U.S.-Mexico Border

Ear, Sophal
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "This DTRA [Defense Threat Reduction Agency]--‐sponsored research examines the political economy of emerging infectious disease (EID) surveillance programs; it also provides lessons learned for U.S. military medical research laboratories collaborating with developing countries. It is the third study in a series that began with a comparison of Indonesia, Cambodia, and the Naval Area Medical Research Unit 2 in the context of EID surveillance and viral sovereignty (published by the author as 'Emerging Infectious Disease Surveillance in Southeast Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, and the Naval Area Medical Research Unit 2,' 'Asian Security', 8(2), (July 2012): 164--‐187). The second study compared Mexico's handling of H1N1 in 2009 with U.S. handling of H1N1 in 1976 (currently under revise and resubmit with 'Politics and the Life Sciences'). This third report comprises four case studies: Kenya (U.S. Army Medical Research Unit--‐K or USAMRU--‐K), Peru (U.S. Naval Area Medical Research Unit--‐6 or NAMRU--‐ 6), Thailand (Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences or AFRIMS), and the U.S.--‐Mexico Border (Early Warning Infectious Disease Surveillance or EWIDS). It provides policy makers tools for improving the effectiveness of new or existing EID surveillance programs. Moreover...

U.S.-Brazil Workshop on Global and Regional Security

Trinkunas, Harold; Bruneau, Thomas
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "A workshop on global and regional security was held in Brasilia on 13 and 14 August, 2012. This event was supported and executed by the Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Countering WMD (PASCC) of the Center on Contemporary Conflict at the Naval Postgraduate School. PASCC is sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. The participants included 9 Brazilian and 7 U.S. specialists in security, global proliferation, disarmament, and weapons of mass destruction policies. Also present were observers from the Brazilian Presidency's Secretariat for Strategic Affairs, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, the U.S. State Department, and the U.S. Embassy in Brasilia."; 2012 018

Resource Conflicts: Emerging Struggles over Strategic Commodities in Latin America Phase II

Jaskoski, Maiah
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "The efficiency and success of U.S. security initiatives in Latin America requires a thorough understanding of resource conflict and the state's role in managing it. International investments in mining and hydrocarbons in the Central Andes could potentially affect U.S. economic influence in those countries and have real implications for U.S. security presence relative to other world powers. Resource conflict makes it hard for the U.S. government to monitor extraction and production of strategic materials that are critical for the U.S. government to meet its defense needs and to achieve a favorable balance of power vis-à-vis other world powers through control over these commodities. This report examines how the regulations that structure the process of local community consultation affect the mining sector in Peru and the hydrocarbon extraction sector in Bolivia. By identifying commonalities in resource conflicts and analyzing how subnational institutions can predict the condition under which conflict arises, this research serves as a first stage in predicting, preempting, and resolving conflict more effectively. The findings in this report should matter to those concerned with the mechanisms by which new projects are reviewed and approved...

Cyber-Herding: Exploiting Islamic Extremists Use of the Internet

Moon, David B.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
The internet has many characteristics that support extremists' information operations, such as being able to reach large audiences. Yet the internet also has inherent weaknesses that can be exploited. One of these weaknesses is the ambiguous nature of the net. You trust that when you go to a website that it is legitimate. If it looks professional, you tend to believe that the site is real. However, criminals or terrorists could just as easily be running that website. The same is true when you chat with someone online. […]. Terrorist organizations also have an inherent weakness that can be exploited using the internet. This weakness is the decentralized nature of terrorist organizations. Many terrorist organizations that do not have state sponsorship organize and accomplish work utilizing social networks versus a hierarchy command structure. This only makes sense. Individuals engaged in criminal activities need to work with people they trust so they can accomplish their mission. In the physical world, social networks are very reliable. However, in the virtual world social networks can be exploited because personalities in the virtual world can be real or fictitious. In order to exploit these weaknesses, a cyber system that invisibly drives Islamic extremists from terrorist websites to covertly controlled websites can be developed. I will generically refer to this system as cyber-herding.

Critical Infrastructure Protection: Strategic Risk Analysis, Approaches and Methods [June 5-7, 2008] [video]

Poptanich, Kristine
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
The article of record may be found here: https://www.chds.us/m/media/player?id=1784; The presentation is titled: Strategic Risk Analysis, Approaches and Methods. "Key topics of the conference included (1) Metrics: a discussion of how risk, consequence and vulnerability should be defined and measured and (2) tools: descriptions of implementations of various methodologies in the form of procedures, software applications, and case studies that a practitioner could directly apply to the problem of risk assessment of critical infrastructure." Included also is the video is of Kristine Poptanich's presentation for the Critical Infrastructure Protection: Metrics and Tools workshop.

X3D Interoperability and X3D Progress, Common Problems versus Stable Growth [video]

Tourtelotte, Dale R.; Brutzman, Don
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Vídeo Formato: 406 MB. Duration: 00:29:23
Português
In large measure, the vision of making it easier to create and use 3D spatial data has been achieved through The Extensible 3D (X3D) Earth project. This project created a standards-based 3D visualization infrastructure for visualizing all manner of real-world objects and information constructs in a geospatial context. The ability to archive models using stable commercial tools and noncommercial international standards ensures that 3D work can remain accessible and repeatable for many years to come. In this presentation we shall describe how we leveraged the NPS Supercomputer 'hamming' to defray the huge investment involved in the project through server-side preparation of content, interlocking/addressable URL schemes, ability to add new X3D Earth content, ability to efficiently mirror resources, streaming of relevant X3D Earth data, etc. over high-performance networks such as CENIC.

A Rising Sun at NPS: Visualization with RenderMan on the Hamming Supercomputer [video]

Haferman, Jeff; Weekley, Jeffrey
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Vídeo Formato: 387 MB. Duration: 00:28:04
Português
In early 2009, the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) brought the 1152 core "hamming" Sun Microsystems blade system online. Concurrently, NPS procured RenderMan™ software from Pixar Animation Studios. In this presentation, Dr. Heferman and Mr. Weekley describe the hamming supercomputer, the Maya 3D modeling package with Pixar's RenderMan software - used by film studios to develop popular animated feature films such as "Ratatouille" and "Up" and in visual effects for movies like "Where the Wild Things Are" - and how NPS used them together to create realistic visualizations in a format suitable for projection on the NPS Sony 4K display and for ultra-high resolution streaming media over CENIC networks. Dr. Heferman and Mr. Weekley demonstrate how advances in Hollywood-style animation and post-production tools have benefited researchers at NPS who are working on scientific visualization and streaming media in support of the School's academic and research missions.

Does Technology Create Jobs?

Henderson, David R.; Krugman, Paul
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Two leading economists, MIT's Paul Krugman and the Hoover Institution's David R. Henderson, debate whether jobs lost to technology are met by a net increase in jobs elsewhere in a more productive economy. Krugman, a noted liberal, says maybe in the long run, but for now ordinary workers see their wages falling. Henderson, a conservative, says that the problem is not the elimination of jobs through technology but a workforce with inadequate skills.

The Navy's rating structure and classification procedures.

Grouleff, Paul M.
Fonte: George Washington University ; School of Government, Washington, District of Columbia. Publicador: George Washington University ; School of Government, Washington, District of Columbia.
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
http://archive.org/details/navysratingstruc19531grou_1

Planning and programming the Navy's Public Works

Hoffman, George D.
Fonte: George Washington University ; School of Government, Washington, District of Columbia. Publicador: George Washington University ; School of Government, Washington, District of Columbia.
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
http://archive.org/details/planningprogramm19555hoff

Streamline simulation of surfactant enhanced aquifer remediation

Tunison, Douglas Irvin.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Nonaqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) are a recognized source of groundwater contamination. Surfactant Enhanced Aquifer Remediation (SEAR) shows promise in increasing the efficiency and effectiveness over traditional 'pump and treat' NAPL remediation processes. Laboratory results are not always consistent with the effects observed in field applications because of the complex interactions that occur in the subsurface. Mathematical modeling is required to enable accurate prediction and understanding of SEAR.; http://archive.org/details/streamlinesimulatuni

A theory of expenditure control toward ultimate naval objectives.

O'Connor, Michael G.
Fonte: George Washington University ; School of Government, Washington, District of Columbia. Publicador: George Washington University ; School of Government, Washington, District of Columbia.
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
http://archive.org/details/theoryofexpendit1954ocon_1

Standardized Documentation for Verification, Validation and Accreditation / Paper 08F-SIW-003

Charlow, Kevin; Daehler-Wilking, Richard; Stutzman, Marcy; Blais, Curtis
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Paper; Presentation
Português
Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization (SISO) SIW Conference Paper; This paper updates the Modeling and Simulation (M&S) community on the status of the M&S Project "Standardized Documentation for Verification, Validation, and Accreditation (VV&A)" sponsored by the Department of Defense (DoD) M&S Steering Committee. The project's purpose is to support DoD- and Service-level Communities with an automated tool that produces standardized VV&A documentation and with VV&A XML schemas that meet net- centric architecture requirements within the Global Information Grid enterprise. At the 2007 Fall Simulation Interoperability Workshop (SIW), paper 07F-SIW-068 titled, "Automating Standardized Information for the Verification, Validation, and Accreditation Process: An Acquisition Community Sponsored M&S Project," first introduced the project and provided some background information. At the 2008 Spring SIW, paper 08S-SIW-003 titled, "Standardized Documentation for Verification, Validation, and Accreditation," updated the M&S community on the progress made since the last report. This paper will discuss the project's progress in four areas: project management; policy, guidance, and standards; taxonomy and metadata; and architecture and software development.

The world ocean: international problems and America's choices.

Wilson, Gary Warren
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
http://archive.org/details/worldoceanintern00wils; Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy

The application of linear superposition to Bleich's two-beam theory.; NA

Rodrigues, Jose Elvio de Assis.
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
http://archive.org/details/applicationoflin00rodr; NA; NA