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A Naval Postgraduate School em Monterey, na Califórnia, é uma escola de Pós-Graduação que pertence à Marinha dos Estados Unidos.

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An analysis of U.S. Navy humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations

Greenfield, Cullen M.; Ingram, Cameron A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 103 p.: col. ill., col map ; 28 cm.
Português
MBA Professional Report; This project investigates the response of the U.S. Navy (USN) and Military Sealift Command (MSC) to different types of natural disasters and identifies the types of assets deployed as well as the dwell times for those assets. Using the recent history of U.S. Navy humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) operations, we explore opportunities to shape the fleet force structure to adapt to the increased mission importance of HADR operations, and we identify current hard power assets that may be effective in achieving soft power goals. By analyzing disaster characteristics and U.S. Navy platform capabilities, we can determine which assets are better suited for mission requirements brought on by disasters. Knowing the best possible asset to assign to a disaster will improve the DoD's effectiveness in regaining stability, both monetarily and logistically, within the affected region when disasters occur. Further, understanding which assets are better suited for disaster response will help the USN make future force structure and fleet composition decisions.; US Navy (USN) authors

Analysis of marketing and customer satisfaction in base housing communities of the Monterey Bay area

Hernandez, Andrea B.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 43 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
MBA Professional Report; An analysis of the base housing organization Clark/Pinnacle revealed factors of satisfaction and dissatisfaction with the organization's current organizational and marketing strategies. Research was conducted through management interviews, a focus group that explained the Clark/Pinnacle housing process, archival material, a housing survey provided by Residential Communities Initiative management, and use of the Clark/Pinnacle website. Measurement factors were identified as: property, move-in process, management, amenities, services, and security. The data collected from the research indicated that survey results and management opinion are different at various levels. The analyses of these differences identified problems with the current marketing and structure of the housing organization. Solutions and specific recommendations were concluded from the research.

Defense Strategic and Business case analyses for commercial products in secure mobile computing

O'Neal, Matthew R.; Dixon, Joshua S.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 182 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
MBA Professional Report; The Defense (DoD) lags behind commercial entities in terms of adopting mobile computing technologies. Commercial smartphones offer scalable solutions to meet requirements ranging from business functions to tactical operations; however, these solutions require considerations beyond those applicable to the commercial sector. This research identifies whether potential solutions may contribute to three objectives: 1) reduce the DoD's currently high device and service costs; 2) increase the DoD's smartphone functionality; 3) maintain or increase the level of security functionality available in commercial devices for DoD. A strategic analysis of the commercial mobile communications industry highlights the business drivers and motivations of industry participants. This information is used to identify the DoD's strategic options, which, in turn, serve as the basis of business cases for adopting future smartphone capabilities. Business case analyses compare proposed cost models with the cost models for current smartphone implementations. Results indicate growing strategic opportunities for the DoD to acquire more economical commercial handsets and more flexible network services. The business cases may potentially save billions of dollars over seven years-i.e....

An analysis of current inventory control and practices to provide recommendations on how to transfer interim supply support from NAVSEA to NAVSUP and then manage that material

Osborne, Steven; Stickel, Ryan; Skinner, Fred
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 73 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
MBA Professional Report; This project is designed to provide a policy recommendation for transitioning custody of NAVSEA's Interim Supply Support to NAVSUP based on the analysis of current business practices at NAVSEA, NAVICP-P and NAVAIR. NAVSEA has identified that it has OMandS valued at 7.386 billion dollars; ISS is a subset of OMandS. Decisions made in the ISS phase may result in the Navy buying parts that will receive zero demand. In effect, ISS is a birthplace, but not the only birthplace, of some OMandS that are eventually categorized as excess material. A more efficient ISS process would result in lower excess material and financial savings. The data set analyzed contained ISS purchased by both NAVAIR and NAVSEA, as well as demand data. Additionally, analysis of current ISS processes at NAVAIR and NAVSEA was conducted. The research resulted in finding that NAVAIR and NAVICP-P have partnered in ISS management. The recommendations are that, in transitioning NAVSEA's ISS to NAVSUP, a partnership must be formed that develops clear business rules allowing NAVSEA input into ISS management, and that NAVICP-M should develop a dedicated staff to provide ISS support to NAVSEA's Program Management Offices.; US Navy (USN) authors

A rational and framework for establishing a systems engineering community within the the Army

Clayton, Alan; Riva, Amie; Wiborg, Angers
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 77 p. : col. ill.; 28 cm.
Português
Joint Applied Project; Army acquisition programs are faced with increasing technical complexity and interdependence as most program products must integrate into a system of systems. Low quantity of systems engineers and poor quality systems engineering is credited as central to program failure. In an Army Systems Engineering Forum, the Army System of Systems Engineer (SoSE) asked what could be done to recruit, train, certify, and retain systems engineers. This paper answers that question, and identifies that it cannot be "fixed" in isolation of addressing an Army culture that does not focus its efforts on training the personnel it already has. Quantity issues are not being addressed at the service level with recruiting efforts. Organizations do not have formal collateral personnel exchange programs, yet many perform systems engineering functions. Training and certification gaps exist despite availability of training because personnel are not mandated to be certified to accept positions, in many cases. Systems engineering, although not blameless, is not the only issue. We also explore how the technical background of those that blame or want to "fix" systems engineering is an unbalanced perspective and omits the organizational issues and individual contributions of systems engineers and the other members of the program manager's (PM) team.

United States Navy contracting officer warranting process

Cowans, Mark A.; Kremer, Matthew D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 145 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
Joint Applied Project; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The purpose of this project was to investigate how Navy contracting activities warrant the contracting officers under their purview. The FAR and DAWIA establishes minimum training, education, and experience requirements for federal contracting officers. However, most commands implement supplementary requirements. Additionally, we wanted to discover the basis for the selection criteria utilized. The goal was to discover the general, "unwritten" requirements for Navy warranting, and whether the process created inconsistencies in the contracting workforce. We expected to find that all commands set different internal procedures for warranting above DAWIA minimums. Furthermore, we expected to find ad hoc processes tailored to the organization's mission and to the individual Appointing Official. According to this research, we discovered that warranting procedures were fragmented within and across Navy contracting commands. This fragmentation could potentially lead to inconsistencies in contracting officer knowledge, abilities, and capabilities. While this project was limited in scope, it is an initial step into the much broader research area of DoD contracting officer-warranting processes.; US Navy (USN) author

An evaluation of the Arctic--will it become an area of cooperation or conflict?

Trent, Packard C.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 105 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
Climate change and the vast amount of natural resources in the Arctic region have prompted awareness of the need for new policies among Arctic states, including the U.S., and stimulated throughout the entire international community a critical assessment of the issues regarding the Arctic region. All of this could result in potential conflict in this critical region of the world. The Arctic's ice cover as of spring 2010 was the lowest it has ever been at that time of year, and it is melting faster than once thought, making it possible for the Arctic to have an ice free summer by 2013. Due to the increase of yearly ice melt, the race to extract the natural resources will speed up tremendously in future years. Research shows that the Arctic nations strongly encourage cooperation and are currently abiding by the international laws, treaties, and infrastructures in place that allow them the most potential to benefit from the Arctic resources. However, although the Arctic nations stress cooperation in their official statements and diplomatic overtures, they are actually preparing for conflict. There are many potential flashpoints that could cause the Arctic to end in conflict, such as territorial disputes, Russia's dependency on the Arctic...

Assessment of the use of portals to reduce excess material in Afloat Logistics Systems

Kalvig, Joanna D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 55 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
MBA Professional Report; The purpose of this project is to assess the benefit of utilizing portals to manage and reduce excess materials in the Afloat Logistics System (ALS). Through this process, this report shall identify: 1) What IT system(s) are currently in use for managing excess material in ALS; 2) What policies are present for managing excess material in the current ALS; 3) What benefit might portals add to the management of excess material in ALS; and 4) What impact might this portal have on preventing future excess material in ALS. The Navy's Afloat Logistics System (ALS), composed of 30 Oliver Hazard Perry class Frigates and 57 Arleigh Burke class Destroyers, is overburdened with excess material. Currently, the combined 87 ships contain over 228,000 line items of excess material within their logistics systems. This report looks at the supply chain and the effects of excess material, the current systems used to manage excess material, the issues dampening the success of current excess-material management systems, and the possible uses of portals to streamline the excess-material management systems.; US Navy (USN) author

Army Contracting Command-Picatinny telework policy: applying lessons learned from the federal government

Kettler, Stacy; Stoddard, Elizabeth; Moran, James
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 109 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
Joint Applied Project; The Army Contracting Command-Picatinny (ACC-PICA) has established a telework policy that complies with the Telework Enhancement Act of 2010, but having a successful telework program involves more than just establishing a policy. Telework is a different way of doing business and the program ACC-PICA creates must align with its overall business strategy while still providing a benefit to the organization. Other federal agencies have been implementing and experimenting with telework for many years and several lessons were identified from what was learned through their experiences. The lessons learned from the information gathered on these agencies were organized into six categories: training, management acceptance and support, telework agreement, telework support, performance management and measurement, and pilot programs. Within each it is explained where the lessons fit into ACC-PICA's policy and why implementing them will improve it. The Star Model explains the implementation of these lessons, what part of ACC-PICA will be affected by changes to its policy, and how organizational behavior will also change. By using these lessons learned as recommendations for further development of its policy rather trying to further develop the policy on its own...

Extracting value from ensembles for cloud-free forecasting

Stubblefield, Cedrick L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 197 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
The Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA) is currently producing cloud-free forecasts for several agencies, but operational forecasts do not incorporate forecast uncertainty. Uncertainty can be forecasted via an ensemble created with perturbed initial conditions. We combine AFWA's global cloud analysis and cloud advection model with the National Centers for Environmental Prediction's global weather ensemble to study the potential for ensemble cloud-free forecasting in support of space-based image collection. A year of ensemble forecasts forms the evaluation dataset. The operationally relevant cloud-free forecast threshold (cloud cover less than 30%) is evaluated over sets of 24-km grid boxes in three climatologically different regions. The analyses and forecasts favor cloud-cover values near 0% and 100% cloud cover, making skill metrics that assume normal statistics mostly inappropriate. Thus we focus on contingency table metrics at the 30% threshold and argue that the odds ratio is most appropriate. Because costs of satellite image collection are largely unknown or classified, and typical cost/loss models may not apply, we also invoke utility theory to quantify operator benefits obtainable from the ensemble. Ensemble skill is apparent, and utility for risk-averse users in persistently clear...

Army Acquisition and Contracting Personnel requirements: how are the Army's current recruitment, development and retention programs meeting current and future personnel requirements?

Allen, Karen E.; Doran, James W.; Westbrook, Bonnie L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 144 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
Joint Applied Project; The Defense (DoD) is realizing a current and expected future shortage in experienced acquisition and contracting personnel due, in part, to a hiring freeze in the middle 1990s and the number of personnel that are eligible to retire in the next five years. This Joint Applied Project (JAP) will focus on the Army's current acquisition and contracting personnel recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs within the Army Contracting Command (ACC), its major Centers and two subordinate commands, the Expeditionary Contracting Command (ECC) and the Mission and Installation Contracting Command (MICC). The JAP provides historical background plus information regarding current acquisition and contracting personnel recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs. To understand the current recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs considered by ACC, the following research questions are addressed: What are the recruitment program implementation differences among the organizations within ACC? What are the major differences in training programs among the organizations within ACC? What major retention programs are utilized among the organizations within ACC? What key acquisition personnel shortages exist within ACC? Information was gathered through the review of various sources including Government laws...

Ku Klux Rising : toward an understanding of American right wing terrorist campaigns

Brister, Paul D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xv, 275 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
Since 1866, the Ku Klux Klan has been able to muster three distinctive and sustained campaigns of terrorism, commonly referred to as the three "waves" of Klan violence. The first occurred between 1866 and 1871, the second between 1915 and 1928, and the third from roughly 1954 to the mid-1960s. Subsequent to the third wave, the Klan unsuccessfully attempted another resurgence in the mid-1970s/early 1980s but was snuffed out before a campaign could be triggered. By studying the three most successful Klan campaigns of the past (granting that each varied in scope, intensity and outcome) alongside the failed campaign attempt of the 1970-1980s, this dissertation will investigate which commonly cited factors and conditions were, in fact, associated with the rise of the KKK's campaigns of terrorism. Ultimately, the dissertation finds that four factors-the presence of a safe haven, organizational structure, leadership, and recruitment techniques-are necessary and jointly sufficient to explain Klan campaign emergence. By combining these factors in a manner which better reflects their interplay, a model offering greater explanatory value emerges. The first significant set of correlates is the presence or absence of safe havens and their relation to the organizational structure chosen by Klan leadership. The second set of correlates is the ability of the Klan to downplay its core ideology and effectively frame a recruitment message which resonates with a pre-existing dominant social narrative-a narrative usually based on mythologized history or an unfalsifiable belief system. As will be explained in concluding chapters...

Economic analysis of alternatives for PC upgrade of OR Department laboratory

Chen, Lung-Shan.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xi, 77 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
The Operations Research Department at the NPS plans to upgrade the hardware of the Personal Computer (PC) laboratory. The objective of the thesis is to analyze the potential upgrade paths dependent upon hardware availability, software compatibility, maintenance and initial cost. The alternatives are: (a) to upgrade the existing Zenith with a 80386 (CPU), (b) to buy the UNISYS desktop III system, or (c) to purchase the DELL SYSTEM-310. The study utilizes the economic cost/benefit view to examine the alternatives and to develop recommendations. The principles of economic analysis are reviewed. The results of survey of user's opinion are analyzed to establish the requirements for upgrade. The result of economic analysis shows the UNISYS system to be the least expensive and most system-effective. The price of each unit is an undiscounted 2,176. dollars or discounted 1,994 dollars for five years of economic life and is within the budget available. The sensitivity analysis reveals (a) by break-even analysis, the economic life parameter is insensitive, (b) the cost reduction parameter is also insensitive, and (c) the discount rate is also insensitive. Therefore the recommendations is that the UNISYS system be chosen.; Major, Republic Of China On Taiwan Army

U.S.-China Strategic Dialogue; Phase VII Report

Glosny, Michael; Twomey, Christopher; Jacobs, Ryan
Fonte: Monterey, California, Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California, Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
Português
"In early June, 2012, eight Chinese participants, including high-ranking Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) officers, met with twenty-five Americans (a mix of officials and researchers) to discuss bilateral issues at an unofficial meeting. This dislogue, funded by DTRA, has been held annually for the past seven years. The overall tone was positive and substantive. Boilerplate concerns about U.S. policy in the region were kept to a minimum, although China continues to express concerns about U.S. ballistic missile defense (BMD) programs and conventional strike capabilities. China's "no-first-use" (NFU) of nuclear weapons policy served as a backdrop for some of the discussion, constraining engagement with some issues, and illustrating the depth to which that policy shapes even well-connected offical perceptions..." from the Executive Summary; U.S.Defense Thrreat Reduction Agency's (DTRA) Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Combating WMD (PASCC).

Coercive Nuclear Campaigns in the 21st Century; Understanding Adversary Incentives and Options for Nuclear Escalation

Lieber, Keir; Press, Daryl
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "This report examines why and how regional powers armed with nuclear weapons may employ those weapons coercively against the United States or U.S. allies during a conventional war. We argue that the problem of intra-­†war deterrence -- preventing nuclear-­†armed adversaries from escalating during a conventional conflict -- is arguably the most important deterrence challenge facing the United States in the 21st century. The strategic environment facing the United States, its allies, and its potential adversaries has changed dramatically since the end of the Cold War. For nearly four decades, the United States and its NATO [North Atlantic Treaty Organization] allies planned to use nuclear weapons to defend themselves from a major Warsaw Pact invasion of Western Europe. The armies of the Warsaw Pact were perceived to be too formidable to confront with a strictly conventional defense -- at least at spending levels that would be acceptable to the North Atlantic alliance. Nuclear weapons were thus NATO's 'trump card': NATO planned to employ nuclear weapons coercively during a war to raise the costs and risks to the Warsaw Pact and thereby convince them to halt their military operations before they could inflict a total defeat on NATO. Today...

US-China Strategic Dialogue, Phase VI; An NPS and Pacific Forum Conference, June 2011

Lindsey, Eben; Glosny, Michael; Twomey, Christopher
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "This report briefly summarizes the format and background of a series of dialogues between the United States and China on nuclear issues before turning to a more focused discussion of the current year's session. It begins addressing general discussions on contemporary policy and prospects for arms control and confidence and security building measures (CSBMs). It then turns to those terminological discussions themselves since they were the centerpieces of the meeting, and insights from those discussions pervade the entire report. Finally, the report concludes with some policy implications."; 2012 001

US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership: A Track II Dialogue

Khan, Feroz; Masellis, Nick
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "The Center on Contemporary Conflict (CCC), with support from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), held the sixth iteration of the U.S.-Pakistan Strategic Dialogue (Track II) on September 18-19, 2011 in Phuket, Thailand. The dialogue was held in partnership with and through the local support of the Institute for Security and International Studies (ISIS). Like all five past dialogues, the aim was to draw upon the core themes from the current regional and strategic climate with explicit focus on strategic stability in the region. The expected outcome will possibly inform official discussions in both countries, especially for those who are involved in policymaking and implementation. Once again, like the previous iterations, this dialogue brought together top American and Pakistani scholars, former officials, and observers to address the very important strategic issues that affect the relationship between the two countries and suggest pathways for resolving these issues. The panels arranged in this year's agenda sparked in-depth and frank discussions on a variety of security issues. The first day was organized to discuss overall U.S.-Pakistan Relations and Strategic Balancing in South Asia. The second day focused solely on Deterrence Stability in South Asia with a specific focus on the impact of military modernizations...

Terrorist Innovations in Weapons of Mass Effect, Phase II

Hafez, Mohammed M; Rasmussen, Maria
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "On October 6-7, 2011, experts gathered for a workshop at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland to discuss the factors that both facilitate and hinder terrorist innovations. This workshop is part of a two-year Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) sponsored research project that aims to shed light on the preconditions, causes, and predictive indicators associated with terrorist innovation in weapons of mass effect (WMEs). Organized jointly by the Center on Contemporary Conflict at the Naval Postgraduate School, and the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the University of St. Andrews, the workshop brought together specialists from academia and government who presented their research findings on twelve historical and contemporary cases of terrorist innovation, ranging from the 1972 Munich Olympics hostage crisis to the current use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in Iraq and Afghanistan. They also discussed major terrorist campaigns that exhibited multiple innovations in WME terrorism, including the cases of the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka and anti-Russian rebels in Chechnya. Participants also took on the challenge of explaining failed and foiled WME terrorist innovations...

Reducing Insecurity in Africa; Roles and Responsibilities of the U.S. Military, U.S. Government, and Non-Governmental Communities

Piombo, Jessica; Dearing, Matthew; Jordt, Gustav; Neal, Jason; Perazzola, Laura
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "The workshop titled Reducing Insecurity in 'Africa: Roles and Responsibilities of the U.S. Military, U.S. Government and Non-Government Communities' was held in Monterey, California in December 2010. Sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency and hosted by the Naval Postgraduate School, this conference focused on the respective roles of military, government civilian, and non-governmental actors in bridging security and development processes in Africa. We organized this conference because of the debates that had been ignited over the creation of the United States Africa Command (AFRICOM) in February 2007. An expansive conception of security and the roles that military actors should take in providing security informed the early deliberations over AFRICOM's roles and missions. AFRICOM's creators proclaimed that it would be a new kind of combatant command, one that took a 'whole of government' approach to Africa, and one in which the Department of Defense (DoD) working in close collaboration with the Department of State (DoS), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and other partners. AFRICOM would engage in a wide range of activities that extended far beyond the narrow confines of national security...

Borders and Borderlands in the Americas

Trinkunas, Harold; Jaskoski, Maiah; Sotomayor, Arturo
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Approved for public display, distribution unlimited; "The sheer variation across the Americas in terms of cross-border flows of persons, goods, and data has created a highly complex set of challenges for states and non-state actors in this hemisphere. Globalization has accelerated and increased these flows across the Western Hemisphere's borders, within both licit and illicit networks. Traditional territorial security concerns declined in the Americas following the end of the Cold War, and NAFTA [North America Free Trade Agreement] in North America and Mercosur in the Southern Cone have promoted free trade and accompanying economic development in border regions. At the same time, other concerns pertaining to security and the market have arisen, such as the shifting of routes for narcotics and human trafficking from the Andes, Central America, and the Caribbean in the 1980s into the United States and Mexico in the last decade. This dynamic has fostered substantial illicit networks and a dramatic escalation of violence in a number of borderlands in the hemisphere. Furthermore, issues of identity and ethnicity that were disregarded during much of the 19th and early 20th centuries now present challenges to states as national majorities...