Últimos itens adicionados do Acervo: PubMed

PubMed é um banco de dados que possibilita a pesquisa bibliográfica em mais de 17 milhões de referências de artigos médicos publicados em cerca de 3.800 revistas científicas .

Página 12 dos resultados de 3665068 itens digitais encontrados em 1.232 segundos

Bat origin of human coronaviruses

Hu, Ben; Ge, Xingyi; Wang, Lin-Fa; Shi, Zhengli
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 22/12/2015 Português
Bats have been recognized as the natural reservoirs of a large variety of viruses. Special attention has been paid to bat coronaviruses as the two emerging coronaviruses which have caused unexpected human disease outbreaks in the 21st century, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV), are suggested to be originated from bats. Various species of horseshoe bats in China have been found to harbor genetically diverse SARS-like coronaviruses. Some strains are highly similar to SARS-CoV even in the spike protein and are able to use the same receptor as SARS-CoV for cell entry. On the other hand, diverse coronaviruses phylogenetically related to MERS-CoV have been discovered worldwide in a wide range of bat species, some of which can be classified to the same coronavirus species as MERS-CoV. Coronaviruses genetically related to human coronavirus 229E and NL63 have been detected in bats as well. Moreover, intermediate hosts are believed to play an important role in the transmission and emergence of these coronaviruses from bats to humans. Understanding the bat origin of human coronaviruses is helpful for the prediction and prevention of another pandemic emergence in the future.

Examination of the mechanism of action of two pre-quit pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation

Ferguson, Stuart G.; Walters, Julia A. E.; Lu, Wenying; Wells, Gudrun P.; Schüz, Natalie
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 21/12/2015 Português

Colorectal anastomotic healing: why the biological processes that lead to anastomotic leakage should be revealed prior to conducting intervention studies

Bosmans, Joanna W. A. M.; Jongen, Audrey C. H. M.; Bouvy, Nicole D.; Derikx, Joep P. M.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 21/12/2015 Português

Analysis and classification of oncology activities on the way to workflow based single source documentation in clinical information systems

Wagner, Stefan; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Wullich, Bernd; Seggewies, Christof; Ries, Markus; Bürkle, Thomas; Prokosch, Hans-Ulrich
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 22/12/2015 Português

Factors associated with compliance with the recommended frequency of postnatal care services in three rural districts of Tanzania

Kanté, Almamy M.; Chung, Christine E.; Larsen, Anna M.; Exavery, Amon; Tani, Kassimu; Phillips, James F.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 21/12/2015 Português

First report of naturally infected Sergentomyia minuta with Leishmania major in Tunisia

Jaouadi, Kaouther; Ghawar, Wissem; Salem, Sadok; Gharbi, Mohamed; Bettaieb, Jihene; Yazidi, Rihab; Harrabi, Mariem; Hamarsheh, Omar; Ben Salah, Afif
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 21/12/2015 Português

A qualitative assessment of the perceived risks of electronic cigarette and hookah use in pregnancy

Kahr, Maike K.; Padgett, Shannon; Shope, Cindy D.; Griffin, Emily N.; Xie, Susan S.; Gonzalez, Pablo J.; Levison, Judy; Mastrobattista, Joan; Abramovici, Adi R.; Northrup, Thomas F.; Stotts, Angela L.; Aagaard, Kjersti M.; Suter, Melissa A.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 21/12/2015 Português

Narrative overview of animal and human brucellosis in Morocco: intensification of livestock production as a driver for emergence?

Ducrotoy, Marie J.; Ammary, Khaoula; Ait Lbacha, Hicham; Zouagui, Zaid; Mick, Virginie; Prevost, Laura; Bryssinckx, Ward; Welburn, Susan C.; Benkirane, Abdelali
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 22/12/2015 Português
Brucellosis is one of the most widespread zoonoses in the world caused by several species of the genus Brucella. The disease, eradicated in many developed countries, is a re-emerging neglected zoonosis endemic in several zones especially in the Mediterranean region, impacting on human health and livestock production. A One Health approach could address brucellosis control in Morocco but scarcity of reliable epidemiological data, as well as underreporting, hinders the implementation of sustainable control strategies. Surveillance and control policies implemented by the Moroccan government in domestic animals (cattle and small ruminants) in the last few decades are assessed for disease impact. This study considers the origins of animal brucellosis in Morocco and the potential for emergence of brucellosis during a shift from extensive to intensive livestock production.

An introduction to peer review

Yaddanapudi, Lakshmi Narayana; Yaddanapudi, Sandhya
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Small is the new big: An overview of newer supraglottic airways for children

Goyal, Rakhee
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português
Almost all supraglottic airways (SGAs) are now available in pediatric sizes. The availability of these smaller sizes, especially in the last five years has brought a marked change in the whole approach to airway management in children. SGAs are now used for laparoscopic surgeries, head and neck surgeries, remote anesthesia; and for ventilation during resuscitation. A large number of reports have described the use of SGAs in difficult airway situations, either as a primary or a rescue airway. Despite this expanded usage, there remains little evidence to support its usage in prolonged surgeries and in the intensive care unit. This article presents an overview of the current options available, suitability of one over the other and reviews the published data relating to each device. In this review, the author also addresses some of the general concerns regarding the use of SGAs and explores newer roles of their use in children.

Topical anesthesia

Kumar, Mritunjay; Chawla, Rajiv; Goyal, Manish
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português
Topical anesthetics are being widely used in numerous medical and surgical sub-specialties such as anesthesia, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, dentistry, urology, and aesthetic surgery. They cause superficial loss of pain sensation after direct application. Their delivery and effectiveness can be enhanced by using free bases; by increasing the drug concentration, lowering the melting point; by using physical and chemical permeation enhancers and lipid delivery vesicles. Various topical anesthetic agents available for use are eutectic mixture of local anesthetics, ELA-max, lidocaine, epinephrine, tetracaine, bupivanor, 4% tetracaine, benzocaine, proparacaine, Betacaine-LA, topicaine, lidoderm, S-caine patch™ and local anesthetic peel. While using them, careful attention must be paid to their pharmacology, area and duration of application, age and weight of the patients and possible side-effects.

Ropivacaine: Is it a good choice for spinal anesthesia?

Mohta, Medha
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Endotracheal tube leak: What should we do?

Gupta, Nishkarsh
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Systematic review of use of β-blockers in sepsis

Chacko, Cyril Jacob; Gopal, Shameer
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Hyperbaric spinal ropivacaine in lower limb and hip surgery: A comparison with hyperbaric bupivacaine

Dar, Feroz Ahmad; Mushtaq, Mohsin Bin; Khan, Umar Mushtaq
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Ropivacaine 0.025% mixed with fentanyl 3.0 μg/ml and epinephrine 0.5 μg/ml is effective for epidural patient-controlled analgesia after cesarean section

Cohen, Shaul; Chhokra, Renu; Stein, Mark H; Denny, John T; Shah, Shruti; Mohiuddin, Adil; Naftalovich, Rotem; Zhao, Rong; Pashkova, Anna; Rolleri, Noah; Patel, Arpan G; Hunter-Fratzola, Christine W
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Continuous spinal analgesia with levobupivacaine for postoperative pain management: Comparison of 0.125% versus 0.0625% in elective total knee and hip replacement: A double-blind randomized study

D’Ambrosio, Alessandro; Spadaro, Savino; Natale, Chiara; Cotoia, Antonella; Dambrosio, Michele; Cinnella, Gilda
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Effect of clonidine and/or fentanyl in combination with intrathecal bupivacaine for lower limb surgery

Singh, Ravanjit; Kundra, Sandeep; Gupta, Shikha; Grewal, Anju; Tewari, Anurag
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Comparison of different routes of administration of clonidine for analgesia following anterior cruciate ligament repair

Sahni, Neeru; Panda, Nidhi B; Jain, Kajal; Batra, Yatinder Kumar; Dhillon, Mandeep Singh; Jagannath, Pushpa
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português

Effect of buprenorphine as an adjunct with plain local anesthetic solution in supraclavicular brachial plexus block on quality and duration of postoperative analgesia

Patil, Surekha; Debata, Debasis; Doshi, Chaula; Vyas, Varsha; Sinha, Sapna
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Text
Publicado em //2015 Português