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Financial Sector Assessment : Barbados

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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As part of the joint International Monetary Fund (IMF)-World Bank Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP), a mission visited Barbados during June 24 to July 12, 2002. The principal objective of the mission was to assist the authorities in identifying potential vulnerabilities in the financial system that could have macroeconomic consequences and to identify measures to reduce these risks. The mission also provided an assessment of the observance of international standards and codes in financial regulation and supervision as well as of the development needs of the financial system and its potential contribution to economic development. Preliminary results of the mission were discussed with the authorities during the International Monetary Fund (IMF) article four missions in October 2002.

Financial Sector Assessment : Moldova

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) team produced an Aide Memoire and the following three detailed reports that were reviewed by and delivered to the authorities: 1) technical notes; 2) assessment of compliance with standards and codes; and 3) detailed bank-by-bank stress tests. The Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) section of the report was based on the report of an International Monetary Fund (IMF) technical assistance mission undertaken in April 2004. Although Moldova is the poorest country in Europe, measured by per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the country has achieved some success in building up the framework of a functioning market economy, especially in the banking sector. In addition to the underlying structural weaknesses, there are several potential macroeconomic problems that increase the vulnerability of the financial system. These include: a) the direct financing of the state budget by the central bank against the background of the weak fiscal and external situation; b) dependency on remittances; and c) dollarization...

Redefining Value : The Future of Corporate Sustainability Ratings

White, Allen L
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Corporate sustainability ratings are a potentially powerful but still underused tool for building a competitive, socially purposeful, and financially sound enterprise. In a globalizing world replete with business opportunities and risk, corporate boards continually need to reappraise what constitutes good governance. Traditional board duties pertaining to strategic oversight, executive compensation, and financial auditing will remain integral for the foreseeable future. But these alone will not suffice in a time when the prosperity of companies is inextricably linked to issues such as reputation, brands, supply chain management, quality and quantity of human and intellectual capital, protection of human and labor rights, and climate change. Such emergent issues are part of a historical moment in which the role of companies in fostering societal and ecological well-being at the global, national, and local levels is under increasing scrutiny. These are conditions that fuel intensifying public discourse concerning corporate social responsibility...

Infrastructure Development in Edo State

Porter, Douglas John; Rasool Cyan, Musharraf; Lee, Panthea; Brisson, Zack; Itegboje, Osione; Talsma, Adam
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
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Governor Adams Oshiomhole assumed office in November 2008 following a successful court appeal to retrieve the mandate given to him by the people of Edo. Widespread support from a variety of interest groups buttressed the legal challenge and helped create the political space for the Governor’s pursuit of an agenda focused on both reform and speedy delivery. Popular demand for reform was evident, but responding to this presented major challenges. Historically,Edo had been one of the best performing states in the country. Expectations were high that he would restore this status and address the perceived poor performance and allegations of corruption leveled against previous administrations. This case study is an attempt to better understand the process through which the Administration was able to maximize its delivery. This report is one product of several ongoing efforts by the World Bank to better understand how to better tailor its interventions to local realities with the overarching objective of improving its impact. To do this in the case of capital spending in Edo...

Guatemala : Investment Climate Assessment, Volume 1

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Investment Climate Assessment (ICA); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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Guatemala has achieved substantial progress in improving its investment climate since 2004. Despite these achievements, Guatemala continues to face significant challenges. Guatemala's overall ease of doing business ranking is still relatively low-114th out of 178 countries, and it falls well behind the rankings of comparator countries such as El Salvador (69), Nicaragua (93), and Panama (65). Economic growth in Guatemala over the past 25 years has been very modest, even by Latin American standards. Productivity and export growth has been disappointing. The Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) brings new opportunities as well as competitive pressures. To be competitive, Guatemala needs to aggressively tackle reforms in three main areas: infrastructure, governance, and access to finance. Reforms in these areas, as well as other targeted initiatives, will better position Guatemala to take advantage of CAFTA. The Government should also build on what has been working in trade promotion. Road, port, and airport quality could all be improved...

East Timor : Policy Challenges for a New Nation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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The main challenge facing East Timor, is how to reconcile a simultaneous existence of acute poverty and severe shortage of human management skills, with solid prospects of future flows from the country's natural resource wealth. Policies to meet these two priorities - sustained poverty and sound management of natural resources - are the focus of this report. It looks at the pressing concerns of managing the economic transition from the United Nationals Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) within the next two years; at the issue of wealth creation and the need to enhance the private investment climate; at the need to devise a framework for saving the oil and gas revenues; at the importance of raising human development standards; at the limited number of qualified personnel able to formulate high priority development objectives, compounded by the need to build effective governance; and, at the overwhelming incidence of poverty in rural areas, and the strong correlation between consumption poverty, and low levels of education. In setting a strategy for growth and poverty reduction...

Nepal : Financial Sector Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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Although financial institutions have proliferated, the Nepalese people have not yet reaped the potential gains of the government's efforts to liberalize and reform the financial sector. There are four main reasons for this: excessive government involvement in the sector, a weak central bank, a poor banking environment, and a lack of adequate banking services for the poor. The financial sector also faces other issues that impede its development such as a poorly functioning credit bureau, risky finance companies, a ceiling on foreign ownership, limited financial services, poor accounting standards, and limited use of information technology. In November 2000 the government issued a paper outlining its proposed financial sector reform program for the medium term, one which touches on all the major issues and provides sufficient basis for undertaking far-reaching reforms. While the government has committed to withdrawing from the sector as owner and operator, this study makes recommendations for making the government's strategy fully implementable. Recommendations center on five important principles: Withdrawing the government from ownership of financial institutions. Significantly strengthening the central bank to make it a fully professional institution. Restructuring the Asian Development Bank of Nepal and closing the Nepal Industrial Development Corporation. And creating an appropriate environment for establishing a sound financial sector.

Financial Sector Assessment Program Update : Saudi Arabia - Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
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This assessment of Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency's (SAMA) compliance with the basel committee's core principles for effective banking supervision was conducted by a mission to Saudi Arabia during April 9-20, 2011. The assessment was carried out as part of a Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) update undertaken by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank at the request of the Saudi authorities. The authorities requested that the assessment of compliance be conducted using only the essential criteria in the methodology. This assessment was based on a review of laws, regulations, policies and practices in place at the time. The financial system is subject to risks reflecting the openness of the economy and dependence on the hydrocarbon sector, as well as the size of the market. Saudi Arabia implements International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for banks and insurance companies and is served by the major accounting firms. There has been no need to provide emergency liquidity assistance (ELA) to any bank in recent years. The conditions in which SAMA will provide ELA would be determined on a case-by-case basis...

Korea : Financial Sector Assessment

World Bank; International Monetary Fund
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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Since the financial crisis in 1997-98, Korea has made major progress in financial, and corporate sector reform - the supervisory and regulatory regime for the financial sector has been substantially strengthened, and recent reforms helped achieve a high degree of observance of international standards, and codes. Moreover, significant consolidation in the banking system took place, with banks becoming more profit oriented, and their operations streamlined. The impressive macroeconomic performance led to strong real growth, low inflation, and growing official foreign reserves, facilitating the improvement of measured financial sector soundness. However, important reform measures were delayed, e.g., addressing issues in the areas of insurance and securities, adopting the insolvency framework, and in the completion of corporate restructuring, reforms crucial to prevent an economic downturn. Despite progress in prudential supervision, concerns remain on the regulator's ability to supervise risks, and, information and monitoring of connected lending and cross ownership in the financial crisis...

Rapid Feedback : The Role of Community Scorecards in Improving Service Delivery

Post, David; Agarwal, Sanjay; Venugopal, Varsha
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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Social accountability tools are increasingly recognized as a means of improving service delivery and governance in World Bank-supported projects. Social accountability is an approach that relies on civic engagement in that citizens participate directly or indirectly in demanding accountability from service providers and public officials. Community scorecards (CSCs), the focus of this note, are citizen-driven accountability measures that enhance citizens' civic involvement and voices and complement conventional supply-side mechanisms of accountability, such as political checks and balances, accounting and auditing systems, administrative rules, and legal procedures. As a community-based social accountability tool, the CSC can be used to gather feedback from service users and improve communication between communities and service providers. By using focus groups and facilitated interface meetings, the CSC process provides service users with the opportunity to give systematic and constructive feedback to service providers about their performance. It also helps service providers learn directly from service users about what aspects of their services and programs are working well and what aspects are not. This note aims to outline a methodology in order to help task team's work with clients to implement and scale-up CSC initiatives. To this end...

Investment Climate Assessment : Enterprises' Perception in Post Revolution Tunisia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Investment Climate Assessment (ICA); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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Located in the heart of the North African coastline, adjacent to vital shipping channels connecting Europe and Asia, Tunisia has long been a regional economic influence in the Middle East and North Africa. Although socialist policies dominated the Tunisian economy throughout the latter half of the 20th century, Tunisia has re-focused its economic strategy on key indicators such as foreign investment, domestic job creation, exports and tourism. These have become the backbone of the Tunisian economy and have helped strengthen relationships with primary trading partners in the European Union. Exports such as textiles, computer arts and petrochemicals now account for a significant portion of the Tunisian economy. This liberal economic development strategy created years of stable annual growth and improved living standards well into the 2000s. However, this growth was unequal due to a culture of corruption and cronyism that reached its height during the era of former President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali from 1987 through 2011. Years of progressive economic growth were stymied by rising unemployment and government waste. Discontent for the Ben Ali government boiled over in January 2011 with a revolution to overthrow the president...

Turkey - Country Economic Memorandum Informality : Causes, Consequences, Policies

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum
Português
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Informality in Turkey, using various definitions, and despite the signs of a recent decline in certain segments of the economy, is widespread. The level of informality is not excessively high, however, taking into account Turkey's level of income. While firm non-registration is not very common, underreporting of revenues and wages and non-registration of workers with the social security system are more prevalent. This report argues that success in reducing informality requires an integrated policy response. While no single 'sufficient' policy tool will be likely to increase formalization significantly, a combination of policies may move the economy to a new equilibrium with higher formalization. The report discusses the need to strengthen auditing capacity, effectiveness and targeting, to ease labor market regulations, and to communicate effectively with the public on the costs of informality and the benefits of formalization. This report is organized in six chapters. The second chapter introduces definitions and the conceptual framework for the analysis conducted. The third chapter provides a portrait of informality in Turkey...

Bank Loan Classification and Provisioning Practices in Selected Developed and Emerging Countries

Laurin, Alain; Majnoni, Giovanni
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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This report reviews loan classification and provisioning practices in a broad sample of countries that differ in size, location and level of financial development. The survey conducted for the report compares the regulatory approaches adopted by industrial and emerging economies, and is intended to complement other sources of information that focus exclusively on either industrial or developing countries. It covers classification of individual and multiple loans, treatment of guarantees, collateral and restructured loans, bank loans review processes, loan loss provisioning, tax treatment of loan loss provisions, disclosure standards, and external auditors' role. Differences in provisioning and classification approaches have often made difficult a comparison of bank and banking system weaknesses across regulatory regimes. Poor classification and provisioning practices have led to solvency ratios that gave a false sense of security, as occurred when seemingly adequately capitalized financial systems failed in the 1990s. Successful regulatory harmonization therefore requires a set of minimum standards for loan classification that is grounded in sound risk management practices...

Afghanistan : Public Financial Management Performance Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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Afghanistan's public financial management (PFM) system achieved significant improvements between June 2005 and December 2007. Among 28 performance indicators, 18 indicators improved, two indicators deteriorated, and eight indicators remained unchanged. Among three indicators of donor practices, two deteriorated and one remained unchanged. In relation to other countries for which Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) assessments have been conducted, Afghanistan's ratings are better than the average for other low-income countries and in some areas better than the average for middle-income countries. The operating budget is credible as funding from domestic revenues and donors has been stable. However, the gap between the budget and realization remains significant in the development budget expenditures. The comprehensiveness of the budget is generally good, although reporting and especially transparency should be improved. However, fiscal risk oversight of state-owned enterprises and municipalities is practically non-existent and thus problematic. The budget process is based on multi-year fiscal planning and comparatively detailed budgeting at the level of ministries and agencies...

Service Delivery and Financial Management in a New Province : Gorontalo Public Expenditure Analysis 2008

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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As one of Indonesia's recently established provinces, 2001 Gorontalo has faced numerous challenges, the most daunting being one of the country's highest levels of poverty. Gorontalo's sub-national governments shoulder a heavy responsibility in ensuring the rapid development of the region, alleviating poverty and improving the provision of basic public services especially in education and health and making sure those services reach the poorest and most vulnerable groups. In performing these crucial tasks, the success of sub-national governments depends to a large degree on three factors: the ability of sub-national governments to define and then translate their visions for development into effective development plans; the existing capacity of the government bureaucracy; and the availability of budgetary resources. A clear and well-articulated vision is needed to guide regional development, one that should serve to synergize the efforts of multiple stakeholders to make full use of the latent potential that exists in Gorontalo. Moreover...

Serbia and Montenegro : An Agenda for Economic Growth and Employment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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Upon resumption of its transition to a market economy in late-2000, Serbia made good initial progress across a range of areas. This progress began from a very difficult starting point which reflected the legacy of a decade of isolation, conflict, and poor economic management. However, deep structural weaknesses remain. Growth rates of around 4 percent per year will not suffice to produce a rapid convergence of living standards towards historical levels. Moreover, the positive elements of Serbia's recent performance are not sustainable without further adjustment and sustained reform. This report analyzes Serbia's recent performance and near-term reform priorities, in five areas which are particularly important for growth and employment creation. Eight themes emerge as the key reform priorities for enhancing growth and employment generation in Serbia: enhanced political stability and improved governance are key prerequisites for sustained growth; reduction of the public sector, thus reducing spending and fiscal burdens; promotion of export development...

Slovenia : Pilot Diagnostic Review of Governance of the Insurance Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Corporate Governance Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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This review looks at the governance of the insurance sector in Slovenia, analyzing the legal framework and its enforcement and the adoption of corporate governance principles by firms. It is intended to provide policy makers and insurers in Slovenia, and other countries, with insight into existing corporate practices, and to offer a framework of good practices that can assist lawmakers in their efforts to strengthen governance in the insurance sector. The report may also contribute to the ongoing international debate on good corporate governance practices in insurance sector companies worldwide. It has three objectives: improving the description of good practices related to governance of insurance sectors; conducting a diagnostic review of Slovenian insurance governance against these benchmarks, and providing recommendations on ways of further improving the corporate governance of the Slovenian insurance sector. The review concludes with recommendations for auditing and risk evaluation, and advises that, although Slovenia's three finance regulators have served it well to date...

Acrescentar valor à organização com a auditoria interna

Pinheiro, Catarina Garcia de Albergaria
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Instituto Superior de Contabilidade e Administração do Porto Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Instituto Superior de Contabilidade e Administração do Porto
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Dissertação de Mestrado Apresentado ao Instituto de Contabilidade e Administração do Porto para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Auditoria, sob orientação de Doutora Alcina Portugal Dias; A globalização da economia, o aumento da concorrência, a crise económica mundial a que assistimos, está a afetar as organizações, expondo-as a uma grande variedade de riscos, que podem afetar a concretização dos seus objetivos e estratégias. Deste modo, as organizações devem conhecer os riscos que ameaçam o seu negócio, de modo a implementar medidas adequadas que mitiguem os mesmos e assim não coloquem em causa o cumprimento dos objetivos definidos para a organização. Neste contexto atual e por forma a alinhar o seu contributo à estratégia, as funções de auditoria interna estão a deixar de se preocupar apenas com fatos passados e controlos e passam a repensar o foco dos seus modelos, as medidas a adotar, as ferramentas e instrumentos a utilizar para aumentar a sua performance, passando a incluir no seu trabalho a identificação, análise e avaliação dos riscos, contribuindo para a obtenção de “uma segurança razoável” de que os principais objetivos de negócio serão concretizados. Na presente investigação...

Procedimiento de auditoria a activos fijos no financieros NIIF 16 desde el ambito de las NIAS; Audit procedure no financial fixed assets IFRS 16 from the field of NIAS

Lozano Marín, Martha Fabiola; Canaria, Luis Eduardo
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Estudios a Distancia; Contaduría Pública Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Estudios a Distancia; Contaduría Pública
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
Português
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Con el fin de determinar como auditar los Activos Fijos no financieros de una compañía cuya actividad comercial es la Distribución de Materiales Eléctricos para la Construcción, pretendo establecer un procedimiento que permita asegurar la razonabilidad del reconocimiento de los Activos Fijos en el balance de adopción por primera vez. El procedimiento se desarrolla bajo el ámbito de las Normas Internacionales de Auditoria, asegurando un trabajo de calidad que cumpla con las buenas prácticas de esta profesión.; In order to determine how to audit a non-financial fixed assets of a company whose business is the distribution of Electrical Construction Materials, I intend to establish a procedure to ensure the reasonableness of the recognition of fixed assets in the balance sheet for the first adoption time. The procedure is under the purview of the International Standards on Auditing, ensuring quality work that meets the best practices of the profession.

Investing in a Surgical Outcomes Auditing System

Bermudez, Luis; Trost, Kristen; Ayala, Ruben
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background. Humanitarian surgical organizations consider both quantity of patients receiving care and quality of the care provided as a measure of success. However, organizational efficacy is often judged by the percent of resources spent towards direct intervention/surgery, which may discourage investment in an outcomes monitoring system. Operation Smile's established Global Standards of Care mandate minimum patient followup and quality of care. Purpose. To determine whether investment of resources in an outcomes monitoring system is necessary and effectively measures success. Methods. This paper analyzes the quantity and completeness of data collected over the past four years and compares it against changes in personnel and resources assigned to the program. Operation Smile began investing in multiple resources to obtain the missing data necessary to potentially implement a global Surgical Outcomes Auditing System. Existing personnel resources were restructured to focus on postoperative program implementation, data acquisition and compilation, and training materials used to educate local foundation and international employees. Results. An increase in the number of postoperative forms and amount of data being submitted to headquarters occurred. Conclusions. Humanitarian surgical organizations would benefit from investment in a surgical outcomes monitoring system in order to demonstrate success and to ameliorate quality of care.