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Air cargo economics

Morrell, Peter
Fonte: Edições Universitárias Lusófonas Publicador: Edições Universitárias Lusófonas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
Air Cargo Economics - Outline - Air cargo participants - Air cargo pricing, rates & yields - Cargo related costs - Freighter aircraft operating costs - Methods of cost allocation - Pax/combi vs freighter services - Lufthansa’s cargo strategy - Quick change aircraft - Aircraft wet leasing - Conclusions

Comércio internacional e desenvolvimento econômico na obra de Prebisch; International trade and development economics in Prebisch's work

Swart, Julia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/06/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
O presente trabalho analisa algumas obras de Prebisch, escritas entre o final da década de 40 e início da década de 60, do ponto de vista do comércio internacional e do desenvolvimento econômico da América Latina. Procura-se identificar em suas obras um componente crítico sobre essas questões, tendo em vista a conjuntura internacional no início do século XX, que deixa evidente a situação periférica latino-americana na divisão internacional do trabalho. Essa se expressa e ao mesmo tempo tem suas raízes em uma estrutura interna desigual e subdesenvolvida. Além disso, essa posição crítica do autor é vista como resultado de uma busca pela explicação para os problemas latino-americanos, cujas respostas não podiam ser encontradas no arcabouço teórico da corrente de pesquisa tradicional sobre comércio internacional. Ao tratar os países como tendo estruturas homogêneas, a teoria neoclássica faz simplificações que, na visão de Prebisch, deixa de lado uma questão essencial: as assimetrias no plano internacional. Para o autor a incorporação dessa questão na análise é importante devido ao impacto exercido sobre o desenvolvimento latino-americano, e pela forma como condiciona as perspectivas futuras da América Latina. E...

Reflexos das barreiras comerciais européias sobre as exportações brasileiras: uma abordagem utilizando a nova economia institucional; Reflexes of the european trade barriers on brazilian exports: an approach using the new institutional economics

Maragno, Renata Camargo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/10/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
O tema referente ao aumento das exportações vem ganhando importância para o comércio exterior brasileiro. Desde 2003 as exportações brasileiras têm apresentado resultados recordes e o saldo da balança comercial acompanha este resultado. Entretanto, as exportações brasileiras tornam-se inexpressivas se comparadas às exportações que ocorrem no mundo, pois elas representam somente pouco mais de 1% das exportações mundiais. Um dos fatores responsáveis por este resultado seria a incidência de barreiras comerciais aos produtos brasileiros exportados, uma vez que estas barreiras aumentam os custos das transações envolvidos nos processos de exportações e são capazes de torná-los inviáveis. Assim, este trabalho possui como objetivo principal utilizar a abordagem da nova economia institucional (NEI) para analisar o desempenho de alguns dos principais produtos da pauta exportadora brasileira considerando a incidência de barreiras comerciais européias sobre eles. Para atingir este objetivo, faz-se necessário levantar as barreiras comerciais impostas pela União Européia, principal parceiro comercial do Brasil, aos produtos brasileiros e mostrar quais os possíveis reflexos que estas barreiras representam ao comportamento do comércio exterior brasileiro.; The subject that refers to the increase of the exports has been becoming an important issue to the brazilian international business. The brazilian exports have been showing an excellent performance since 2003 and the balance of trade imitates this result. However...

Vocabulário da economia: formas de apresentação dos estrangeirismos; Economics vocabulary: how terms brought in from other languages

Labate, Francisco Gilberto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/06/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
A Dissertação tem por objetivo analisar a maneira como os estrangeirismos, elementos exteriores ao léxico vernacular, são apresentados na língua portuguesa, na área específica da Economia. Em uma primeira parte do trabalho, desenvolvemos considerações de ordem teórica, referente à terminologia e à metalingugem. Tomando por objetivo da análise os termos constantes da Base de Termos da Economia, constituída no âmbito do Projeto Observatório de Neologismos do Português Brasileiro Contemporâneo (projeto TermNeo), verificamos que, estatisticamente, cerca de 8,4% dos termos se constituem em estrangeirismos Os estrangeirismos coletados foram posteriormente classificados de acordo com a tipologia de sua apresentação. Por meio de análise dos contextos em que ocorreram, os respectivos estrangeirismos foram classificados em duzentos e vinte e nove tipos de apresentação diferentes e, a seguir, agrupados em nove categorias. Procedemos à análise de algumas formas de apresentação, procurando distinguir as formas que implicavam a utilização de recursos gráficos ou de língua-objeto, bem como os de metaliguagem. Ao final, foram feitas considerações sobre a questão da metalinguagem.; The objective of the dissertation was to analyse how terms brought in from other languages are presented in Portuguese...

Essays in Economics of Education

Romano, Teresa Foy
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%

This dissertation consists of three separate essays on the economics of education. In the first chapter, co-authored with Esteban Aucejo, studies the relative effectiveness of reducing absences to extending the school calendar on test score performance. Using administrative data for North Carolina public schools, we exploit a state policy that provides variation in the number of days prior to standardized testing and find substantially larger effects for absences relative to additional days of class.

The second chapter, co-authored with Esteban Aucejo, analyzes whether different institutional settings could affect how school administrators and teachers respond to possible extensions of the school calendar. We present a theoretical model in which principals set the date of the test and teachers decide how much effort to exert in the classroom with and without monetary performance bonuses for teachers. Leveraging the removal of monetary bonuses during the sample period, we utilize a difference-in- difference estimation strategy and find that, consistent with the theoretical model, low performing schools are more likely to make extensive use of the testing window when monetary bonuses are in place; this behavior disappears after changes to the scheme of incentives.

In the third chapter...

Where are all the people? A study on the integration of socio-economics in marine conservation planning

Feldman, Lindsey
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 3315072 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
The Northwest Atlantic Marine Ecoregional Assessment, designed by The Nature Conservancy, is a marine spatial planning process which strives for an integrated management approach to marine conservation design. As ecosystem based management gains momentum, non-governmental organizations and federal agencies have realized the need to consider socio-economic objectives for and impacts of management plans and conservation strategies on coastal and marine-related communities. This report reviews the application of three methods for the integration of socio-economics in marine conservation planning: market and non-market economic valuation and social impact assessment. Market and non-market economic valuation can be used by marine managers to make informed decisions on conservation alternatives while social impact assessments evaluate the social consequences of specific conservation or management actions. Each of these methods can be represented in a geographic information system (GIS) and integrated with biophysical data in marine spatial planning processes. This report shows how market and non-market economic values and local ecological knowledge can be mapped both onshore and offshore and be used in designing marine conservation strategies. The findings presented here demonstrate that although there are defined methods for socio-economic analysis and some techniques for integrating socio-economics into marine spatial planning process...

The Power of Policy Defaults: A Behavioral Economics View of Public School Assignment Policies & Educational Equity

Mahesh, Pavithra
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 17/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
The school assignment process plays a central role in shaping a student’s educational experience, which subsequently influences his or her future opportunities. Thus, school assignment policies have an impact on social equity. Over the past seventy years, public school district assignment policies have undergone significant change as a result of evolving national attitudes towards segregation, legal changes stemming from Supreme Court rulings, and the growing popularity of parental choice. Though school assignment policies are constantly evolving, some consideration of area of residence has always played a role in the process. Given the equity implications of school assignments, it is important to recognize that the design of an assignment policy plays a critical role in determining the pattern of outcomes generated. My goal in this thesis is to examine the structure of school assignment policies using the lens of behavioral economics. Behavioral economics highlights the importance of the system designated outcome, commonly known as the “default” option, in complex decision making environments. Specifically, I examine the type of default school assignment during three distinct assignment policy years within the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District. I hypothesize that as the default school assignment becomes more dependent on residential proximity...

Topics on Economics of Education

Aucejo, Esteban Matias
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%

This dissertation consists of two separate essays on economics of education. First, the role of teacher-student interactions is analyzed. Teacher effectiveness is generally characterized by a single effect that is common across students. However, educators are multi-task agents that choose how to allocate their efforts among pupils. Some teachers may target their courses towards the top students in the class while others to the bottom, leading to different complementarity effects. Moreover, the introduction of accountability programs, such as No Child Left Behind (NCLB), could induce a reallocation of teacher's efforts, affecting the dynamics of student-teacher interactions. This study shows that the role of complementarities is key from a policy perspective. In this regard, an analytical framework and a novel iterative algorithm are implemented in order to characterize and quantify these effects. Results indicate that interaction effects played a crucial role in shaping the distribution of student achievement, especially after the implementation of NCLB. While more than half of the total gains in test scores experienced by the bottom third of the student achievement distribution post NCLB are due to adjustments in teacher-student complementarities...

Australasian Environmental Economics: Contributions, Conflicts and Cop-Outs

Bennett, Jeffrey
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Australian and New Zealand environmental economists have played a significant role in the development of concepts and their application across three fields within their sub-discipline: non-market valuation, institutional economics and bioeconomic modelling. These contributions have been spurred on by debates within and outside the discipline. Much of the controversy has centred on the validity of valuations generated through the application of stated preference methods such as contingent valuation. Suggestions to overcome some shortcomings in the work of environmental economists include the commissioning of a sequence of non-market valuation studies to fill existing gaps to improve the potential for benefit transfer.

Ethics, economics and justice: social choice in the thought of Sen and Smith; Ética, economia e justiça: a escolha social no pensamento de Sen e Smith

Araujo, Luiz Bernardo Leite; Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ); Creder, Fábio dos Santos; Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/05/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This article aims to examine Adam Smith’s deep and broad influence on the thought of Amartya Sen, especially concerning the issue of social justice that pervades the writings of both authors. First, we will analyze Sen’s revision of the work of Smith to refute the interpretation still prevalent, that makes use of certain excerpts from The Wealth of Nations as the main reference in defending the deregulation of markets and in exempting the economic thought from any consideration of moral values, demonstrating how Sen draws on Smith’s ideas to explain the impoverishment of economics when it departs from ethics. Then, we will consider the overwhelming influence of the Smithian thought on Sen’s criticism of the theory of rational choice through his distinctive formulation of the theory of social choice, whose importance was rightly recognized, earning him the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1998.; Neste artigo pretendemos examinar a profunda e abrangente influência exercida pela obra de Adam Smith sobre o pensamento de Amartya Sen, especialmente no que concerne ao tema da justiça social, que permeia os escritos de ambos os autores. Primeiramente analisaremos a revisão da obra de Smith, promovida por Sen, para refutar a interpretação...

Relational Goods, A new tool for an old issue

Bruni, Luigino; Lumsa University, Economics Dept., Rome
Fonte: ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade; ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade Publicador: ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade; ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade
Tipo: ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 19/12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Contemporary economics and social sciences are rediscovering, hugely, the issue of happiness. Nevertheless, the kind of happiness discussed in current economic theories is far removed from the classic idea of happiness, which was tightly tied to the virtues and quite distinct from pleasure. In particular, it is very different from Aristotle and his idea of happiness, or eudaimonia, and is closer to Jeremy Bentham’s idea, who considered happiness to be just another word for pleasure. This paper discusses an idea of happiness as eudaimonia, by linking human well-being to relational goods. 

Restructuring capital and labor: critical notes about solidarity economics; Reestruturação capitalista e trabalho: notas críticas acerca da economia solidária

Sousa, Daniela Neves de; UFRJ - Rio de Janeiro - RJ
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc) Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This study presents a critical analysis of ‘solidarity economics’, regarding both its theoretical foundations as well as its practical implementation. The article has two focuses: the first explains the historic and theoretical foundations of solidarity economics located in modern socialism. This understanding, however, does not lead to the affirmation, as many have made, that solidarity economics is the contemporary road to socialism. Second, the paper maintains that the construction and propagation of this false consciousness is not based on deep changes in the capitalist mode of production. To the contrary, the renovation of this system is recognized. The analyses consider the work in this field of activist and scholar Paul Singer, who currently sets the tone of the debate concerning this issue in Brazil.; O presente trabalho apresenta uma análise crítica da ‘economia solidária’ tanto nos seus fundamentos teóricos como na sua implementação prática. O artigo apresenta dois claros focos de análise: um primeiro que explicita os fundamentos históricos e teóricos da economia solidária e que são localizados no socialismo moderno. Este entendimento, porém, não leva a afirmar, como muitos teóricos o fazem, que a economia solidária é o caminho contemporâneo ao socialismo. Em segundo lugar...

"Gis a job": what use geographical information systems in spatial economics?

Overman, Henry G.
Fonte: Spatial Economics Research Centre (SERC), London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Spatial Economics Research Centre (SERC), London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /08/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are used for inputting, storing, managing, analysing and mapping spatial data. This article argues that each of these functions can help researchers interested in spatial economics. In addition, GIS provide access to new data which is both interesting in its own right, but also as a source of exogenous variation.

The environment, left-wing political orientation and ecological economics

Neumayer, Eric
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
The objectives of this commentary are twofold. The first is to examine the relationship between a party's position within the left–right political spectrum and its stance on environmental issues, as stated in party manifestos. The second is to examine the relationship between individuals' ideological orientation and pro-environmental beliefs, attitudes and self-reported behavior. Equality, distributional concerns and market skepticism are typically regarded as defining factors of left-wing political orientation. Our results suggest that left-wing parties and individuals are also more pro-environmental than their right-wing counterparts. Ecological economics similarly embraces sustainability, efficient resource allocation and equitable distribution and is skeptical towards the ability of unregulated markets to achieve these objectives. The hypothesis is put forward that ecological economics is more likely to be supported by left-wing parties and individuals.

Epistemological difficulties with neoclassical economics

Bronk, Richard
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Conference or Workshop Item; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This paper addresses several related epistemological difficulties with the neoclassical micro‐foundations of standard economics, and explores what these difficulties imply about the recent dominance of these micro‐foundations in both economic research and applied policy and finance settings. Building on the crucial distinction made by Knight and Keynes between calculable risk and uncertainty, the paper makes a further distinction between two types of uncertainty – epistemological and ontological. It argues that standard economics underestimates how problematic the interface between theory and reality is for both economic agents and social scientists, and overlooks the impossibility of knowing the future yet to be created by innovation and the freedom to choose. The paper outlines alternative micro‐foundations that capture how agents use imagination and narratives alongside market coordination to cope with uncertainty and construct the future. It also explains several research and policy implications of taking uncertainty seriously – the limits of prediction, the incoherence of many bolt‐on amendments to neo‐classical theory, the dangers of analytical monocultures, and the importance of discourse analysis and pluralism in modelling. Recognition that neo‐classical models are inappropriate for dealing with problems characterised by widespread innovation and uncertainty should augment rather than reduce the undoubted value of these same models in many other areas of analysis.

Book review: understanding media economics

Broughton Micova, Sally
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/11/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
With the rapidly evolving digital media landscape, this new revised edition of Understanding Media Economics seeks to focus on the issues that are now central to how economic forces impact on the media industries. Exploring themes such as innovation, digital multi-platform developments, and strategies of risk-spreading, this book addresses and explains the key pressing questions and issues that are transforming contemporary media industries and markets. This second edition is a welcome overhaul that gets to the heart of the issues and challenges in today’s media industry, writes Sally Broughton Micova. Understanding Media Economics. Second Edition. Gillian Doyle. SAGE. April 2013.

Book review: lessons from the economics of crime: what reduces offending? edited by Philip J. Cook et al.

Braakmann, Nils
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/05/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Which policies should be implemented in order to reduce crime? How can we judge whether these policies are successful? Nils Braakmann finds that Lessons from the Economics of Crime offers a good overview of some of the questions with which economists interested in crime have been concerned. Chapters cover re-offending, youth in the justice system, organized crime in Italy, and immigration and integration. Recommended reading for journalists, policy makers, or social scientists who are interested in what economics can bring to the table when it comes to research into crime.

Philosophical foundations of neuroeconomics: economics and the revolutionary challenge from neuroscience.

Fumagalli, Roberto
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This PhD thesis focuses on the philosophical foundations of Neuroeconomics, an innovative research program which combines findings and modelling tools from economics, psychology and neuroscience to account for human choice behaviour. The proponents of Neuroeconomics often manifest the ambition to foster radical modifications in the accounts of choice behaviour developed by its parent disciplines. This enquiry provides a philosophically informed appraisal of the potential for success and the relevance of neuroeconomic research for economics. My central claim is that neuroeconomists can help other economists to build more predictive and explanatory models, yet are unlikely to foster revolutionary modifications in the economic theory of choice. The contents are organized as follows. In chapters 1-2, I present neuroeconomists’ investigative tools, distinguish the most influential approaches to neuroeconomic research and reconstruct the case in favour of a neural enrichment of economic theory. In chapters 3-7, I combine insights from neuro-psychology, economic methodology and philosophy of science to develop a systematic critique of Neuroeconomics. In particular, I articulate four lines of argument to demonstrate that economists are provisionally justified in retaining a methodologically distinctive approach to the modelling of decision making. My first argument points to several evidential and epistemological concerns which complicate the interpretation of neural data and cast doubt on the inferences neuroeconomists often make in their studies. My second argument aims to show that the trade-offs between the modelling desiderata that neuroeconomists and other economists respectively value severely constrain the incorporation of neural insights into economic models. My third argument questions neuroeconomists’ attempts to develop a unified theory of choice behaviour by identifying some central issues on which they hold contrasting positions. My fourth argument differentiates various senses of the term ‘revolution’ and illustrates that neuroeconomists are unlikely to provide revolutionary contributions to economic theory in any of these senses.

Long-wave economics and the changing fortunes of the political and social movements of the left and right.

Fraser, Duncan
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
A number of writers working in the fields of history and industrial relations have claimed a correlation between long-wave economics and the changing fortunes of political and social movements of the left and right. They have suggested both particular patterns of development and causations but often on the basis of piecemeal evidence, lacking a comprehensive theoretical and empirical basis. This thesis tests the validity of such a correlation through a comparative historical analysis of the domestic political histories of Britain, France, Germany and the USA over the four long-waves that have occurred in modern times; those of 1803-1848, 1848-1896, 1896-1948 and 1948-1998. It finds, that since industrialization, there has been a distinct and repeating pattern of political and social development that can be correlated with long-wave economics. Common ground is found with existing theoretical patterns, though also notable areas of difference, and this thesis provides a more comprehensive pattern of development. The thesis proceeds to explore possible causations for the pattern found. It does so by using existing political science theories explaining political change; those concerning voting behaviour, class struggle and party competition. It finds that aspects of these theories can be used to explain the pattern of development found. Above all...

Everyday economics: ideas new and old from lay theories of economic life

Ross, Sandy
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This project explores divergences and parallels between lay theories of economic life as experienced and developed in two virtual worlds – Final Fantasy XI (FFXI) and Second Life (SL) – and academic theories from sociology and anthropology as well as economics. My intent is not a critique of economics, but a suggestion that other economic sociologies are possible, and to provide points of departure and ideas for such alternative configurations. Exploration of lay theories is organised around four key conceptual categories – value, exchange, money and markets – which were suggested by participants' accounts and economic organisation within each field site. Respondents' theories offer polyphonic, heteroglossic approaches to economic life that sometimes diverge substantially from academic conceptualisations. Lay theories examined in this research emphasising plurality and multiplicity – especially with respect to monies – going so far as to suggest a radical reorganisation of economies based on monies rather than markets. When lay theories from each category are pieced together, they reveal a social imaginary of boundless abundance, strong reliance upon practices as ways of knowing about and theorising economic life...