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A Naval Postgraduate School em Monterey, na Califórnia, é uma escola de Pós-Graduação que pertence à Marinha dos Estados Unidos.

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NPS Professor Dr. Nita Shattuck Honored With Surface Navy Association's Literary Award

Sirmans, Danica
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Faculty Showcase News Article; In the wake of a time that requires the fleet to “do more with less,” somewhere sleep is overlooked in the equation of mission readiness. Navy tradition didn’t necessarily include sleep to begin with but in the rough waters that are our financial status, 18-hour workdays aren’t unheard of. Operations Research Department Associate Professor Dr. Nita Shattuck has been working for the past 12 years to change the status quo when it comes to sleep and fatigue in operational environment. She’s worked alongside more than 10 thesis-seeking students on this particular interest since she’s worked at the Naval Postgraduate School.

Assessing EARS' Ability to Locally Detect the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic (May 25, 2011)

Fricker, Ronald D.; Hagen, Katie; Hanni, Krista; Barnes, Susan; Michie, Kristy
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
13th Biennial Conference on Statistical Methods, Decatur, GA, May 2011.

SPC Applications in Syndromic Surveillance

Fricker, Ronald D. Jr.; Hegler, Benjamin L.; Dunfee, David A.; Knitt, Matthew C.; Hu, Cecilia X.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Proceedings
Português
2007 Proceedings of the American Statistical Association [CD-ROM], Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association, 4035-4044.; syndromic surveillance, biosurveillance, terrorism, disease, detection, statistical process control, CUSUM (MCUSUM) and the multivariate exponentially weighted moving average (MEWMA). Based on our analyses, we found that the CUSUM performed better than the EARS' methods across all of the scenarios we evaluated and, similar to results for the univariate CUSUM and EWMA in classical SPC applications, the directionally sensitive MCUSUM and MEWMA perform very similarly.

Cost analysis of the United States Marine Corps Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) program.

Ma, William
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 105 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
The Federal Employeesgas Compensation Act (FECA) provides workersgas compensation benefits to approximately 14,000 United States Marine Corps (USMC) civilian personnel at an annual cost of about $19M. An analysis of the USMC FECA Program was performed to discover ways to better manage and reduce these costs. This analysis identified the main cost drivers of the Marine Corps FECA Program over the past five years. Total FECA costs from 1996 through 2000 were broken down by the top five most recurring injuries; total cases and costs were traced to activities/installations and groupings of units that share similar missions to provide useful information for commanders and FECA Program Managers across the Marine Corps; and, all cases for 2000 were broken down by case age distribution. Recommendations were then provided for implementation throughout the major USMC commands to reduce FECA costs across the Marine Corps.

The crisis of 2005 -- the role of U.S. Naval Forward presence in the evolution of relations between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China

Pauley, Robert E.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 47 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
This thesis assesses the potential of U.S. Naval Forward Presence in the Western Pacific to stabilize economic markets around the world in the event of a crisis in the South China Sea and the Taiwan Straits. It utilizes a scenario analogous to that of the 1995-96 Taiwan Strait crisis that it sets in the year 2005. The scenario utilizes existing military, political and economic conditions in the region to forecast likely behavior of the main actors. The thesis concludes that U.S. Naval Forward Presence is the vital ingredient to protect U.S. interests in the region, discourage crisis escalation, and stabilize world oil and financial markets.

Political parties and democracy in Haiti

Jerbi, Matthew J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 133 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
A nation attains democratic consolidation when democratic ideals become permanently established within its society. An institutionalized political party system is a prerequisite for democratic consolidation and is based on stable rules of interparty competition, parties with stable social roots, and party organizations independent of individuals' ambitions. Additionally, all actors must accord legitimacy to a party system in order for it to be institutionalized. This thesis focuses on the political party system in Haiti and how its lack of institutionalization has undermined the consolidation of democracy. It also examines the factors that are responsible for this lack of development. Such factors include the actions of Haitian elites, lack of social organization, and a lack of party development during the earliest stages of state building. The impact of United States foreign policies upon this nation's party system are examined in order to discover which policies have assisted party system institutionalization and which have hindered its development. While the entirety of Haitian political history is reviewed, an emphasis is placed upon United States policy since the 1991 ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. In conclusion, this thesis recommends future United States policies designed to assist in the institutionalization of Haiti's political party system.; US Navy (USN) author

Human factors in Coast Guard Computer Security - an analysis of current awareness and potential techniques to improve security program viability

Whalen, Timothy J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xxi, 106 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
The Coast Guard is becoming increasingly reliant upon our nation's information infrastructure. As such, our ability to ensure the security of those systems is also increasing in import. Traditional information security measures tend to be system-oriented and often fail to address the human element that is critical to system success. In order to ensure information system security, both system and human factors requirements must be addressed. This thesis attempts to identify both the susceptibility of Coast Guard information systems to human factors-based security risks and possible means for increasing user awareness of those risks. This research is meant to aid the Coast Guard in continuing to capitalize on emerging technologies while simultaneously providing a secure information systems environment.; US Coast Guard (USCG) author

Adaptations in NATO and European naval command organizations since 1989

Inskeep, Christopher H.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 79 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
This thesis analyzes post-1989 organizational and capability adaptations of NATO and European naval command organizations. Specifically, this thesis examines how the adaptations of the Striking and Support Forces Southern Europe (STRIKFORSOUTH), the European Maritime Force (EUROMARFOR), and the Combined Amphibious Forces Mediterranean (CAFMED), as well as the definition of the European Multinational Maritime Force (EMMF) concept, strengthen the European Security and Defense Identity (ESDI) within NATO and endow the European Union (EU) with a naval dimension. These organizational adaptations are intended to help the member nations of NATO and the EU meet evolving international security challenges. However, they have also raised significant questions about whether NATO European allies are willing to fund NATO's Defense Capabilities Initiative (DCI) to address military and naval deficiencies. The capabilities gap between the naval forces of the United States and those of NATO European allies poses noteworthy challenges, including interoerability.; US Navy (USN) author

The Greek-Turkish dispute in the Aegean Sea: its ramifications for NATO and the prospects for resolution

Mann, Stephen.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 87 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
Since 1974 the Aegean Sea has been a topic of much dispute for Greece and Turkey. In spite of many attempts to resolve the problems, the dispute goes on to this day. Over the years it has cost both countries some lives, cost Greece and Turkey politically and economically, and has been a detriment to NATO defense planning and operations. Continued tensions therefore not only hold the potential for disastrous war between two members of the same alliance but also hold the potential to pull other countries into this conflict. Stability in the region and, consequently, Europe is therefore at risk and must be restored through resolution of these disputes between Greece and Turkey. Resolution has not been attained, though, mainly because of each country's intense nationalism and pervasive mistrust of the other country. This nationalism and mistrust of the other country must be overcome if a resolution is to be reached. Fortunately, the current governments of both Greece and Turkey are much more moderate and pro-resolution than their predecessors, and an ironic amelioration of relations thanks to devastating earthquakes in both Greece and Turkey in 1999 indicate that the time is ripe for a push toward resolution. This thesis therefore examines the Aegean dispute in detail...

A study of Midshipmen's expectations about operations other than war

Laliberte, David J.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 105 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
Since the end of the Cold War, the armed forces of the United States have increasingly been involved in military operations other than war (OOTW). Many service members feel these missions are contrary to the central purpose of the military and not in keeping with the reasons why they originally joined the service. Research shows that a mismatch job expectations and job realities can be a factor in reducing retention. Thus, the militarygass leaders have made a conscious effort to eliminate gbsmessage mismatchgcs and better align the words, expectations, and actions of their individual services. In doing so, they hope to create greater organizational credibility and personal commitment for their forces. The purpose of this research is to examine the general level of awareness, understanding, expectations and actual involvement concerning OOTW that exist among future naval officers at the United States Naval Academy and current junior officers. Conclusions about the possible expectation-reality gap among future naval officers concerning OOTW is explored. Recommendations for further research and implications for policy makers are offered to possibly decrease the gap between service member expectations and the likely operational realities of their future service.

Potential vulnerabilities of a USMC Tactical Wireless Local Area Network

O'Sullivan, John P.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 77 p. ; 28 cm.
Português
As part of the ongoing Revolution in Military Affairs, the Navy and Marine Corps are engaged in an ambitious effort to integrate emerging technologies into new operational concepts. The vision of future conflict places heavy emphasis on highly mobile forces that will require unprecedented cooperation between forces afloat and ashore. These new operational concepts, such as Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS), require new technologies to give small combat units unmatched situational awareness ultimately leading to greater combat power. The Extending the Littoral Battlespace (ELB) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration has sought to demonstrate new advances in joint expeditionary warfare significantly aided by a commercial-off-the-shelf wireless communications system. This thesis examines potential vulnerabilities of the ELB wireless local area network. Specifically, it explores the impact such vulnerabilities may have on the eventual ability of supported units to accomplish their mission in an OMFTS-type scenario. The vulnerabilities are divided between the two network layers defined by the commercial standard, the physical and MAC layers. This study concludes that there are considerable vulnerabilities at both network layers...

The U.S. military and security along the U.S. Mexico border: evaluation of its role in the post September 11th era

Luoma, Benjamin C., Jr.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 67 p.
Português
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis examines the use of the U.S. Armed Forces in civil authority support missions along the U.S. -Mexico border from the creation of the boundary between the U.S. and Mexico in 1848, to the post -September 11th border security support operations. Many questions arise from using the military in this capacity, for example; how effective is the military's support to civil authorities (MSCA), can the military perform MSCA operation without the threat to human and rights of civilians, how do MSCA missions such as these impact the combat readiness of the military? This thesis found that military support to civil authorities was indeed effective, especially with in cases where non -federalizes National Guard personnel were employed. It also shows that the military has implemented control measures that enable troops to conduct law enforcement support missions while respecting the human and civil rights of civilians. Lastly, it found that the combat readiness the military was not necessarily diminished, but could actually be enhanced during MSCA operations.; Major, United States Army

Ukraine's relations with Russia: competition or cooperation?

Oswald, Mace J.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Formato: xiv, 121 p. : ill.; 28 cm.
Português
"Independent since 1991, Ukraine continues to struggle to improve its political stability and economic strength. Because of Ukraine's geographic proximity to and intertwined history with Russia, Ukrainian leaders measure their actions against the interests of Russia. Ukrainian policies, especially those that would expose Ukraine to Western influences and those independent of Russia's approval, could cause distrust in Moscow. Because Ukraine is likely to make political decisions that may cross Russian interests, the thesis will answer the questions: should Ukraine adopt a competitive or cooperative policy with Russia, or some combination of both, in order to fulfill its national security goals? The thesis formulates an analytical framework that assesses the feasibility and rationality of possible Ukrainian decisions on two volatile issues: the energy supply imbalance and border demarcation. It incorporates the domestic influences in Ukraine and Russia, as well as dominant international factors, in its analysis, seeking to identify the internal biases of the decision makers and how those biases affect the strength and security of an independent Ukraine. This thesis concludes by recommending steps that Ukraine and the United States could take to ensure Ukrainian sovereignty in the future."--p. i.

The effect of sound spatialization on responses to overlapping messsages

Campbell, James R.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2002. Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.
Formato: xvi, 119 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis done in cooperation with the MOVES Institute.; The purpose of this research was to determine if a spatialized headphone display would improve users' recognition accuracy when listening to more than two overlapping messages. This type of task has numerous applications in a variety of different military settings, such as aviation communications and combat information centers. Two experiments were conducted in the Advanced Auditory Displays Laboratory at the Naval Postgraduate School. The first experiment was a pilot study which was designed to identify the factors that contributed to changes in response accuracy rates. The conclusion of this effort was a decision to use a chi-squared analysis and a multivariate logit regression, which could examine the influence of several factors in addition to spatialization. Results indicated that participants accurately identified 43% of the messages in the spatialized condition, but only 17% of the messages in the non-spatialized condition. Chi-squared tests indicated a dependent relationship between accuracy and spatialization under a variety of conditions. The logit regression model confirmed these conclusions and indicated that the chance of a completely correct response was improved by approximately 30% with the use of spatialization.; Lieutenant...

What practices in airport security should the United States implement at commercial airports in light of the events of September 11, 2001?

Churchward, Charles E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 81 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Português
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 changed forever the way America views its everyday safety, as well as the safety of how we travel. The United States government took swift and dramatic action to change civil aviation security with the passing of the Aviation Transportation and Security Act (ATSA) of 2001. In the months following the attacks, politicians and the media made their viewpoints known while civil aviation security professionals have been unheard. The objective of this thesis is to ascertain the best practices and recommendations of these stakeholders to provide the highest level of security at our nations airports. To gather these data, the researcher conducted on-site interviews of these professionals. The study reveals civil aviation was not adequately prepared for the terrorist attacks of September 11. Congressional mandates of the ATSA have driven government's behavior. The lack of aviation experience of senior leadership and its top-down approach has alienated stakeholders. Other key government issues include funding constraints, potential complacency and conflicts of interest.; US Navy (USN) author

Did inequality increase in transition?: an analysis of the transitional countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Rozsas, Tamas.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: x, 109 p. : ill., col. map ; 28 cm.
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Parallel to the process of democratization, the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia have shown an increase in measured income inequality during their transition from centrally-planned to a market-oriented economy. Since the behavior of these countries contradicted previous models of inequality, researchers analyzing the transition process linked the increase in income inequality to the egalitarian values of socialism and to the process of economic and political liberalization. This thesis questions the validity of the above statement based on three pillars. First, other factors, from economic convulsions to the revaluation of natural resources, violent conflicts, corruption, and the expansion of organized crime, have been more closely linked than democratization to changes in income inequality. Second, data quality was generally poor in socialist countries, and extremely poor in several socialist countries, and have improved during the transition in most countries, usually without proper documentation of the changes. Finally, the analysis of the origins of today's income inequality shows that the magnitude and effect of hidden inequalities in the socialist past were highly underestimated. In short...

Real-time engagement area dvelopment program (READ-Pro)

Burger, Joseph.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 89 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The Real-Time Engagement Area Development Program (READ-Pro) is a PC-based prototype system which provides company-level commanders with real-time operational analysis tools to develop engagement areas (EA) for direct fire (DF) systems. READ-Pro automates and streamlines the current manual system. READ-Pro significantly enhances the evaluation of a defense by presenting the commander with a visual display of the coverage and a quantitative measure of its fragility. READ-Pro also supports the rapid evolution to a better defense by providing visualization of the coverage and a quantitative evaluation at each step in the engagement area development process. READ-Pro creates a layered environment consisting of digital terrain elevation data (DTEDᄅ), a standard military map, overlays, and imagery. A ModSAF line-of-sight (MLOS) algorithm, based on the ModSAF terrain model, calculates measures of effectiveness related to line-of-sight coverage. READ-Pro also includes a Monte-Carlo Simulation to quantify the fragility of a defense. READ-Pro incorporates the tactics, techniques and procedures used in today's Army, namely the troop-leading procedures and 7 steps of engagement area development. Thus...

History of the Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement (VISA)

Jones, Stacey L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: x, 81 p. : ill.; 28 cm.
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement is a program designed through a cooperative effort between the Department of Defense, government agencies and private industry. Its purpose is to provide sealift and intermodal capabilities to DOD in times of conflict when there are insufficient organic and commercial ships available. Development of the program took over seven years to complete because of the historical factors influencing members participating in the program's design, and because of the changing structure of the global economy. The changing global environment has shifted America's focus from "two nearly simultaneous major regional conflicts" to numerous smaller conflicts in various regions. Additionally, there were many changes in the way DOD operated while scaling back at the end of the Cold War. All of these changes were highlighted during the development of the program, influencing its final design. This thesis examines the historical factors influencing the development of VISA, the current design and organization of the program, the original intent of the agreement and whether it meets that intent, the incorporation of technology and VISA's role moving military material in the future.; Lieutenant Commander...

A multidisciplinary algorithm for the 3-D design optimization of transonic axial compressor blades

Jones, James A.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 164 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; A new, multidisciplinary algorithm for the CFD design optimization of turbomachinery blades is presented. It departs from existing techniques in that it uses a simple, previously-developed Bezier geometry representation (BLADE-3D) that can be easily manipulated to achieve true 3-D changes in blade shape. The algorithm incorporates zero and first-order optimization techniques including sensitivity analyses and one-dimensional search methodology. It features an iterative finite element structural analysis as well as a cold shape correction procedure to ensure that the resulting blade meets steady-stress structural requirements. The process was applied to two different transonic fan designs - the Sanger rotor designed for the NPS Turbomachinery Laboratory and NASA Rotor 67, otherwise known as the 'NASA Fan'. The optimization objectives for the two designs were mass flow rate and polytropic efficiency respectively. Results for the Sanger rotor effort yielded an 8.1 % improvement in mass flow rate, a 5% improvement in total pressure ratio, and a 0.9 % increase in adiabatic efficiency. Application to the NASA Fan resulted in a 2.5 % increase in polytropic efficiency. The results validate the utility of the BLADE-3D Bezier geometry package for use in future development of automated optimization routines for turbomachinery blade design.; Commander...

Integrated product team effectiveness in the Department of Defense

Monk, Gregg B.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Formato: xiv, 69 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
In 1995, then Secretary of Defense William Perry, directed a "fundamental change" in the way DoD did business when he endorsed and required the use of the Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) management technique. The use of multidisciplinary Integrated Product Teams (IPTs) is the cornerstone of this technique. This research focused on what key factors, specifically team training and empowerment, lead to the success, or lack of success, of IPTs. Twenty IPT participants, ten team leaders and ten other team members, were interviewed and asked their views on the current state of training and empowerment as they relate to IPTs. This research, though only a small sample size, revealed that DoD still has a long way to go if it is to meet its own goals of effectively utilizing IPPD. The primary conclusion of the research is that DoD's overuse of the term IPT is the key factor that IPPD and IPTs are not being utilized to their full potential. The thesis recommends possible solutions and areas of further research to help alleviate this problem.