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A Naval Postgraduate School em Monterey, na Califórnia, é uma escola de Pós-Graduação que pertence à Marinha dos Estados Unidos.

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Development of real time non-intrusive load monitor for shipboard fluid systems

Branch, Perry L.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 105 p. : col. ill.
Português
CIVINS; Since the year 2000, the United States Navy has spent an average of half a billion dollars over the congressionally approved budget for shipbuilding. Additionally, most experts project that in order to meet the Chief of Naval Operation's goal of a 313 ship Navy, the annual ship building budget will have to increase by about two thirds. Exacerbating this problem is the rising cost of maintaining the current inventory of ships. The U.S. Navy has long used a requirements driven maintenance program to reduce the number of total system failures by conducting routine maintenance and inspections whether they are needed or not. In order to combat this problem the Navy will inevitably have to turn to a condition based maintenance system. The Non-Intrusive Load Monitor (NILM) is a system that can greatly enhance the ability to monitor the health of engineering systems while incurring a low acquisition cost and low technology risk. This research focuses on the development of a real time user interface for the current NILM architecture in order to provide useful system information to an operator. Additionally, this research has shown that the NILM can be used effectively and reliably, to monitor equipment health, recognize and indicate abnormal operating conditions and casualties and provide invaluable information for training operators...

Numerically-based ducted propeller design using vortex lattice lifting line theory

Stubblefield, John M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 74 p. : ill.
Português
CIVINS; This thesis used vortex lattice lifting line theory to model an axisymmetrical-ducted propeller with no gap between the duct and the propeller. The theory required to model the duct and its interaction with the propeller were discussed and implemented in Open-source Propeller Design and Analysis Program (OpenProp). Two routines for determining the optimum circulation distribution were considered, and a method based on calculus of variations was selected. The results of this model were compared with the MIT Propeller Lifting Line Program (PLL) output for the purpose of validation. Ducted propellers are prevalent in modern marine propulsion systems, and the application of this technology continues to expand. The theory associated with ducted propellers applies to a wide range of devices which include azimuth thrusters, pumpjets, and tidal turbines. Regardless of the application, engineers need tools such as OpenProp to design these devices for their expected operating conditions. OpenProp is an open source MATLAB®-based suite of propeller numerical design tools. Previously, the program only designed open propellers. The code developed in this thesis extended OpenProp's capability to be able to design a propeller within an axisymmetrical duct.; Contract number: N62271-97-G-0026.; CIVINS; US Navy (USN) author.

Counterinsurgency meets soft power an alternative approach to deterring terrorist recruitment in Mindanao

Williams, John C.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 83 p. ;
Português
Terrorist activity in Southeast Asia remains a challenge to U.S. national security. In particular, terrorist organizations in the Philippines continue to conduct deadly attacks and attract more recruits despite U.S. and Philippine government counterinsurgency (COIN) efforts. Within the last seven years following the 9/11 terrorist attack, the Philippine and U.S. governments have combined efforts to address insurgency as a threat that hinders peace and security within the Philippines as well as Southeast Asia. Despite the ongoing counterinsurgency operations in Mindanao, the southern region of the Philippines continues to exist as a hub for terrorist recruitment, training, and operations. A key aspect of hindering insurgency growth within the Philippines is deterring terrorist recruitment by first identifying the underlying conditions that promote discontent among the people of Mindanao that make them susceptible to the ideology of militant Islam and then implementing a strategy that includes a full range of activities from kinetic to non-kinetic methods. It is clear that economic conditions, poor governance, lack of adequate social and educational programs are all contributing factors to the instability of Mindanao. What's not so clear is how to disrupt the cycle that sustains the terrorists while gaining the affection of the Muslim minority who have been in opposition with the predominantly Christian government. This thesis examines the counterinsurgency strategy by recognizing effective practices and identifying shortfalls in the approach. Our findings suggest that by applying a mix of soft power...

U.S. victory in the first Gulf War : implication for the future of United States foreign policy; implication for the future of U.S. foreign policy

Teklegiorgis, Gedion T.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 69 p ;
Português
In 1991, the United States was at war -- not as grand a war as the Second World War, but a significant war. This new war managed to form a coalition of many nations to fight Saddam Hussein's force and restore the ruling family of Kuwait. This thesis is an attempt to analyze whether the direct military involvement was a rational approach for the United States. The Bush administration crafted a plan that included a massive war coalition; it effectively outnumbered and overwhelmed the nearly one-million-strong enemy forces, and eventually increased the success of the coalition military mission. While the United States military strategies were successful in defeating the Iraqi forces in the Gulf War, this thesis will argue that, a decade or so from today, the way observers will perceive this event will depend in large part on whether a healthier relationship exists between the U.S. and the region at large. Clearly, much will depend on the extent to which the Gulf War diffused a crisis without producing another crisis.; US Navy (USN) author.

Determination of cost drivers for Ship Operations (1B1B) consumable (SO) operations target accounts for Amphibious Assault ships

Sullivan, Brett M.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 79 p. ;
Português
This thesis conducts an analysis of Amphibious Assault ships consumable ship's OPTAR disbursements for the period of 1 July 2007 to 30 April 2008. Regression analysis was used to test for a statistical relationship among total monthly disbursements by Federal Supply Group (FSG) code and various demographic information, monthly maintenance (MFOM) and training figure of merit (TFOM) scores. Monthly disbursements were aggregated by total monthly FSG investment for each ship in each month. Demographic information includes ship's homeport, Class, Fleet Response Plan (FRP) employment, age, inspection cycle and maintenance cycle. The thesis also analyzed past obligation data (by Julian dated document number) for the period of 01 October 2005 through April 2006 which included the same demographic information previously described. This portion of the analysis determined no quarterly spending cycles, but did identify large spikes in obligations at the end of each fiscal year, an expected result. Results of the analyses are that the regression analyses do not indicate a strong statistical relationship between monthly disbursements (by FSG) and demographic or figure of merit scores. Recommendation for further study include analysis of the distribution of available funds and what was purchased and analysis of ship's unfunded and phased replacement listing and end of year obligations.; US Navy (USN) author.

Forensic analysis of Windows' virtual memory incorporating the system's page-file

Stimson, Jared M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 91 p. ;
Português
Computer Forensics is concerned with the use of computer investigation and analysis techniques in order to collect evidence suitable for presentation in court. The examination of volatile memory is a relatively new but important area in computer forensics. More recently criminals are becoming more forensically aware and are now able to compromise computers without accessing the hard disk of the target computer. This means that traditional incident response practice of pulling the plug will destroy the only evidence of the crime. While some techniques are available for acquiring the contents of main memory, few exist which can analyze these data in a meaningful way. One reason for this is how memory is managed by the operating system. Data belonging to one process can be distributed arbitrarily across physical memory or the hard disk, making it very difficult to recover useful information. This report will focus on how these disparate sources of information can be combined to give a single, contiguous address space for each process. Using address translation a tool is developed to reconstruct the virtual address space of a process by combining a physical memory dump with the page-file on the hard disk.; US Navy (USN) author.

Disrupting the illicit small arms trafficking in the Middle East

Snyder, Neil N.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 87 p. ;
Português
The illicit trade in small arms and light weapons delivers a global supply of weapons and ammunition to the demand of rogue state and non-state actors. While arms do not create conflict, they increase the intensity of violent conflict. The illicit trafficking of small arms contributes to irregular conflicts in the Middle East, a region of persistent conflict and instability. The international community has attempted to regulate the global supply of small arms through non-binding agreement and embargoes, but these efforts have been ineffective in achieving the goal of preventing the flow of weapons to criminal organizations, terrorists, and other de-stabilizing non-state actors. This thesis systematically examines the illicit small arms trade to identify points of vulnerability. This study identifies a strategy to disrupt the flow of arms to specific groups or states by countering arms brokers and the networks of actors that brokers coordinate.; US Army (USA) author.

Connecting our nation's Crisis Information Management Systems

Voss, Christopher.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 67 p: ill. (some col.) ;
Português
CHDS State/Local; Many states and localities have implemented Crisis Information Management Systems (CIMS) to integrate situational awareness, notification and disaster assessment tools utilized in Emergency Operation Centers (EOC)s and to eliminate separate stovepipe communications. In February 2004, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced the deployment of the Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) as the primary means for all jurisdictions and levels of government to share information. The system is redundant with state and local CIMS, which have and are being developed. Implementing both the integration and interoperability of EOCs requires that the systems used every day be connected; this cannot be achieved through the development of a new system. To implement this solution will require four steps. 1. Jurisdictions utilizing CIMS should do more to leverage built in capabilities and jurisdictions without CIMS systems to consider purchasing 2. Jurisdictions should integrate the individual information systems currently in use with the jurisdiction's CIMS 3. Jurisdictions should improve their systems' abilities to collect and store information 4. Jurisdictions should create a portal to allow specific information to be shared across larger regional areas at their discretion and with greater control over who receives the information; Division Chief for Planning...

Lateral coordination of interdependent U.S. Army information tasks

Workman, Bren K.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 91 p. : ill. ;
Português
The purpose of this thesis is to determine whether the U.S. Army is adequately prepared or organizationally structured at the operational and tactical levels of warfare and command to execute synchronous information operations in light of recent doctrinal changes. Implementation of the new Army Field Manual (FM) 3-0, Operations, will significantly affect the conduct of information and influence operations in the U.S. Army at the operational and tactical levels of warfare and command. Field Manual 3-0, published February 27, 2008, revised how the Army views information operations and the staff responsibility for the tasks associated with them. U.S. Army information operations is now doctrinally divided into five Army information tasks, with the responsibility redistributed to different staff functional cells, ultimately to be synchronized by the operations process. The five Army information functional cells possess a reciprocal interdependence with each other, each providing inputs and feedback to the others. This study concludes that a lateral coordination process should be applied to the functional structure of the staff organization to accomplish information tasks. A direct liaison or full-time integrator role should be applied to the organization to integrate IO elements' capabilities and related activities and in order to synchronize information activities. The combined performance and effectiveness of the staff organization requires a lateral process of coordination to synchronize the highly-interdependent information tasks.; US Army (USA) author.

Adapting e-management to support geographically dispersed military training

Xynos, Konstantinos N.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 103 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Português
This thesis reports on the results to date in supporting managerial decisions concerning training as a part of organizational learning. Training is one of the most important factors in sustaining and expanding the organization's comparative advantage by reinforcing knowledge flow among its members. On the other hand, training is downgraded when it jeopardizes personal incentives like bonus, production goal achievement, and financial accomplishment in the private sector. In a similar way, nearly all military personnel are assigned collateral duties--many of which are very important--but for which many such personnel cannot engage in adequate training to properly accomplish. This research evaluates four web-based decision systems to see how well they can support training among geographically dispersed military units. In particular, because much of the important knowledge associated with training is tacit in nature, how such tacit knowledge can flow effectively and efficiently via the network technologies underlying is important to investigate. The duty of On Scene Leader for shipboard firefighting is chosen as a suitable training focus. The multimedia systems are evaluated via a multi-criteria, multi-expert analysis. Criteria are drawn from the appropriate literature...

Analyzing Ukraine's prospects for NATO membership

Young, Derek W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 99 p. ;
Português
Ukraine has a resume of achievements in its relations with NATO since 1991. However, at the 2008 Bucharest Summit, the NATO Allies chose not to offer Ukraine a Membership Action Plan. This thesis examines Ukraine's prospects for NATO membership, and investigates the hypothesis that Ukraine's membership aspirations are most affected by two sets of independent variables -- internal and external. The two key internal variables that affect the prospects for Ukraine's accession to NATO are public opinion and domestic politics. The majority of Ukrainian society opposes Ukraine becoming a member of NATO, while political discord within the Ukrainian government may also limit the likelihood of Ukraine's accession to NATO. The two main external variables affecting Ukraine's prospects for NATO membership are Russia and NATO itself. Russia adamantly opposes NATO membership for Ukraine, and may apply economic, social or political pressure against Ukraine if its government continues to pursue membership against Russian wishes. Regarding NATO, it appears that some Allies do not believe Ukraine is ready for membership, while others do not wish to provoke negative Russian reactions.; US Navy (USN) author.

Improving Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) offloads using modeling and simulation

Thomas, Brandon K.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xxiv, 89 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ;
Português
The Marine Corps' Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) marries fly-in troops to their gear in an expeditionary environment. The arrival and assembly operation underneath this larger umbrella of MPF Operations proves itself a somewhat chaotic, definitively complex and dynamic logistics operation. From the moment the offload of the ship or ships begins when equipment and rolling stock exit the ships, until it ends as using units sign for their intended equipment, all personnel involved in this process--drivers, assistant drivers, heavy equipment handlers, crane operators, equipment managers--and all equipment involved present a flurry of activity that must be effectively managed, tracked, and optimized. Modeling, Virtual Environments, and Simulation, or MOVES, tools, aid in providing such capability. The creation of a Discrete Event Simulation (DES) using the open-source tool Viskit enables MPF planning, training, and analysis in its ability to portray the effects that size, amount of personnel support, and time have on the operation. Scenario Authoring and Visualization for Advanced Graphical Environments (Savage) comprises an archive of extensible three dimensional (3D) models that, when tied to the DES in an Extensible 3D (X3D) Graphics environment...

Nuclear and solar energy implications for homeland security

Thibeaux, Allen L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 103 p. : ill. (some col.), 2 col. maps ;
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; In the eyes of many experts, the world is moving away from oil as a cheap energy source. As this future unfolds, the United States may perform a leading role as the planet's premier energy consumer. Solar and nuclear power provide possibilities for this future which represent the extremes in terms of energy supply. The question this thesis asks is: what are the security implications of a substantial shift in energy policy in either a solar or nuclear direction? The analysis begins with a question, "What is a substantial shift?", and defines substantial in terms of energy shortage, energy independence, and climate change. The proposed energy futures to match these shifts are then judged with respect to three security criteria: resource access, nuclear weapons proliferation, and infrastructure protection. Accepting many uncertainties with future economic and technical solutions (even as proven systems are proposed), solar power provides the most stable future in terms of security alone. However, because these options are not mutually exclusive, both cases offer security challenges which are addressed in the concluding recommendations.; Outstanding Thesis; US Air Force (USAF) author.

The potential transformative impact of web 2.0 technology on the intelligence community

Werner, Adrienne Russell
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 65 p. ;
Português
CHDS State/Local; Web 2.0 technologies can transform and improve interagency collaboration in the Intelligence Community in many of the same ways that have marked their use through the internet in the public domain and private industry. The potential for success is illustrated in the early stages of ODNI's implementation of the Analytical Transformation program within the sixteen agencies across the Intelligence Community. Intelligence analysts have already seen an impact in their ability to connect, share information, conduct research and analysis utilizing a suite of web 2.0 technology, including Intellipedia and A-Space. However, adoption of the technology in the Intelligence Community will not be without challenges, including a number that are unique to Intelligence Community. Those challenges include the need for the Intelligence Community to move away from a "need to know culture towards a "responsibility to provide" culture, a need for increased promotion of these tools and a need for training on web 2.0 technology.; Operations Analyst, US Department of Homeland Security author (civilian).

Wave induced bending moment due to ship slamming.

Gomes d'Oliveira, Joao Manuel.
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
http://archive.org/details/waveinducedbendi00gome

William D. Leahy and America's imperial years, 1893-1917.; NA

Thomas, Gerald E.
Fonte: Yale University Publicador: Yale University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
http://archive.org/details/williamdleahyame00thom; NA; NA

A New Approach to Governments' Vendor Selection Decisions: A Three-Stage, Multiattribute Procurement Auction

Jay Simon; Francois Melese
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Sponsored Report (for Acquisition Research Program); The current fiscal crisis has placed unprecedented pressure on public procurements. A major target of future public spending cuts is likely to be defense expenditures. Within the defense budget, the biggest and most immediate targets are likely to be the acquisition of new equipment, facilities, services, and supplies. Addressing the growing global challenge of affordability, this paper offers a new approach to government''s vendor selection decisions in major public procurements. In the absence of profits to guide public procurement decisions, the challenge that faces a government buyer is to select the vendor that delivers the best combination of desired non-price attributes at realistic funding levels. The governance mechanism proposed in this paper is a multiattribute first price, sealed bid procurement auction. It extends traditional price-only auctions to one in which competition takes place exclusively over bundles of desired non-price attributes. The first iteration of the model is a multiattribute auction in which a fixed budget constraint is specified. Next, the model is expanded to incorporate a range of possible budget levels. This expanded model reveals the benefits to the buyer of defining a procurement alternative (vendor bid proposal) in terms of its value to the buyer over a range of possible expenditures...

The Impact of U.S. Export Control and Technology Transfer Regime on the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Project'A UK Perspective

David Moore; Peter Ito; Stuart Young; Kevin Burgess; Peter Antill
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program); The research assessed the international impact of the U.S. export control and technology transfer regime, with a focus on the UK experience with the U.S. requirements as they relate to the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) and the impact on logistical support for the JSF fleet. UK government and industry representatives indicated agreement with the goals of U.S. policy, skepticism regarding the impact of those policies on effective project management, and harsh criticism of the process by which the U.S. controls are implemented. The data indicated that interviewees found U.S. requirements generated significant delay, increased costs, dampened initiative to increase capability or efficiency, established critical and unnecessary restrictions on information sharing, and constructed barriers to effective supply chains. The UK representatives believed that the U.S. has generated a complex system which attempts to regulate all items, and thereby fails to provide a focus on effective security for truly sensitive items. With regard to the impact of U.S. requirements on the future JSF logistical support arrangements, it was too early in the process for UK interviewees to have solid views. There was great sympathy for UK firms to design around U.S. requirements and avoid becoming enmeshed in the U.S. regime.; Acquisition Research Program

The Impact of U.S. Export Control and Technology Transfer Regime on the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Project'A UK Perspective

David Moore; Peter Ito; Stuart Young; Kevin Burgess; Peter Antill
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Symposium Presentation (for Acquisition Research Program); Symposium Presentation; Acquisition Research Program

The Failures and Promises of an Operational Service-Oriented Architecture: The ROI of Operational Effectiveness in Addition to Acquisition Efficiency at the Navy's Op Level of War

Suttie, Richard; Potter, Nicholas
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program); This paper and presentation will share four years of research by the Naval War College into the operational requirements for a service-oriented architecture (SOA) for the Navy''s operational level of war applied at the Navy''s Maritime Operations Centers (MOCs). It will also argue that the cost-benefit analysis for SOA must be the improved operational effectiveness of the organization, not just the lower costs of data management and reduced redundancies of legacy systems. It will share a model for such an evaluation, and a model for proper protocols and data management for implementation. This paper argues that the proper cost-benefit analysis of service-oriented architecture is not possible without an operational integrated architecture that explicitly captures the role-based decision making protocols mapped to the core operational and enterprise-wide processes necessary to improve operational effectiveness. This paper and presentation will share this research and its direct application to the design and implementation of SOA for the Navy''s Operational Level of War.; Acquisition Research Program