This dissertation analyzes the institutional, architectural and urban history of charitable institutions in Rome from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century. It highlights the previously ignored central role that these institutions played in the consolidation of papal power and the political administration of the city. The study focuses on the SS.ma Trinita dei Pellegrini at Ponte Sisto, a shelter of pilgrims and convalescents, and one of the four large public hospitals in the city. The building history of the Trinita is analyzed from the middle of the sixteenth century to the end of the seventeenth. The impact of the Trinita on the neighborhood is also examined. This reveals an instance of collaboration among three institutions -- the Trinita, the Monte di Pieta, and a Hospice for Beggars built by Sixtus V -- and a papal family, the Barberini, in the transformation of their quarter. These institutions were also an integral portion of papal urban plans. Their large complexes were part of an urban system that included a bridge, the main supply route of the city, and an urban barrier that separated the poorer quarters of the city, and the Jewish Ghetto, from those where wealthy families were building their palaces. Finally, the analysis of the economic context of the Trinita and similar institutions emphasizes the connection between their sources of wealth and the ways they displayed their identity.; by Carla L. Keyvanian.; Thesis (Ph.D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...
by Dimitrios Christos Vyzovitis.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2002.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 107-114).
An extended sense of the wrap of a fabric is the fiber or essential, a foundation or base. This thesis sprouts from a fascination with the structure of fabric and the loom. On one level, it deals with the tectonics of the woven fabric. On another, it deals with all environment for both process and product (production and display) -- a programmatic arrangement of independent industries but not associated with large scale displays. This thesis explores these two tectonic environments and weaves a series of spaces to create and celebrate the sari -- a stretch of fabric that is simultaneously utilitarian, empowerment, cultural, social and art object. The various elements explored in the research included the heritage of the sari, the Important/image of the sari to women from various backgrounds, the structure of the loom and the methods involved with the process from conception to finish -- pinning, spooling. dyeing, weaving, display and retail. The program aims to create, for the growing South Asian community ill Queens who are caught in a liminal space, a place to celebrate their culture and for visitors to learn more about it through the medium of one of the oldest crafts in South Asia.; by Naveem M. Mowlah.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...
The bridge is an inhabitable structure housing live/work artists studios, galleries and workshops. It is an urban/architectural/personal intervention that strives to explore issues of Iatent/potential narratives within a built form. It accepts a tightly bundled cord of circulation and unravels it as it traverses the water. Each strand becomes an individual opportunity for a sequence of narrative projections that simultaneously affect and are affected by overlapping, intersecting and parallel strands.; by Ahmed ElHusseiny.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 2006.; Page no. 105 repeated twice.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 105, first instance).
Machines have been used throughout history as an extension of the human body; a prosthetic device that can provide the opportunity to redefine the spatial experience of a given time and place. In this investigation the Pinhole camera was used as a device for capturing photographic images of an urban place. The images produced by the pinhole cameras are representations of the existing place and its experience. The representation of a place generated by the device mediates the relationship between the body and the landscape. This thesis explores the production of architectural form with respect to the uncertainties of our built environment, strategies of representation, and the construction of urban devices that re-define the spatial experience.; by James M. Smith.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references (p. -).
non-peer-reviewed; Are we born knowing how to architect? And if so, does this inherent gift or
sensibility get lost as we funnel through time? Does is gradually begin to trickle
away as soon as we leave the womb?
I am interested in the architecture that is instilled within us. Something inherent,
as deep as the fields and the earliest farmers. The sudden life we receive, and
our gentle ebb away until death. The architectural capabilities we possess from the
beginning but forget or neglect to hone, or that perhaps society guides us away
from. The enterprising man, and the first untutored builders. How the body’s tools
made pragmatic decisions through explorative trial and error from the beggining of
non-peer-reviewed; Can a harmony be achieved between the social and physical aspects of a design when designing through geometry and, if so, how is this to be accomplished? The problem with this design method is that it appears to emphasise the method of design and construction rather than the social and humanist implications of the project. Therefore, the most important aspect of our work becomes the recognition of the limitations of geometry for each individual project and its eventual translation into three dimensional space.; TOC: Introduction / Architecture and the social environment / Architecture and the physical environment / Formal Aesthetic / New plan of Rome / Landscape and Topography / Designing from the inside out / Attributes / Movement and Intensity / Primer Projects Shannon Airport, Co. Clare / Tempelhof Airport, Berlin / University of Limerick, Limerick / San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane, Rome / Limerick City Centre and Periphery / Site / Brief / Design / References / Bibliography
This thesis presents work in the development of computational descriptions of Gehry's architectural forms. In Gehry's process for realizing buildings, computation serves as an intermediary agent for the integration of design intent with the geometric logics of fabrication and construction. This agenda for digital representation of both formal and operational intentions, in the context of an ongoing exploration of challenging geometries, has provided new roles for computation in architectural practice. The work described in this thesis focuses on the digital representation of surface geometry and its capacity for describing the constructibility of building enclosure systems. A particular class of paper surface forms - curved surfaces with minimal in plane deformation of the surface material - provide the specific object of inquiry for exploring the relationships between form, geometry and constructibility. An analysis and framework for the description of Gehry's geometry is developed through existing theory of differential geometry and topology. Geometric rules of constructibility associated with several enclosure system strategies are presented in this framework. With this theoretical framework in place, the discussion turns to efforts to develop generative strategies for the rationalization of surface forms into constructible configurations.; by Dennis R. Shelden.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...
Airports as an architectural and urban typology typically lack physical and spatial integration with their urban context. Contrary to the city, airports have evolved into semi-autonomous spaces and products of political and economic conflicts between local and global constituencies, generating physical and spatial barriers, consequently denying the airport's role as a civic and public space. Boston, with its rich history of urban public space in the Olmsted tradition and Logan International Airport sited adjacent to downtown and the dense neighborhoods of East Boston, Winthrop and Chelsea, is representative of this problem. This thesis explores the point at which existing urban fabric and airport protocol/culture merge, where latent potentials for infrastructure and architecture become strategically urban, reconstituting the existing tensions between airport and city in the formation of new public space and productive dialogue.; by Daniel James Fouad.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 258-259).
As a young heiress of the Duke fortunes, Doris Duke's interest and investment in art was not highly unusual given her social background. However, her method of acquiring these objects was more unconventional than other collectors of her time. When the term "Islamic" is tacked onto these art objects it further complicates her collection, with issues of matronage and Orientalism at the forefront. Prominent American collectors, such as Isabella Stewart Gardner, exhibited an interest in Eastern art long before Doris Duke planned her honeymoon trip to the Muslim world in 1935. Still, there is very little hard evidence of the Duke's interacting with such people during Doris' childhood. This begs the question, how did Doris Duke develop an interest in Islamic art and culture? Since she was a very private person and collector, it is hard to speculate what inspired her curiosity for Islamic art. What might be a more informative and interesting avenue to follow is the impressive network of connections that allowed her the means to acquire such a substantial collection. Her self-created residence in Hawai'i, Shangri La, is now a visible culmination of the relationships she forged in her fascination with Islamic art and architecture, which she continually developed from its inception in 1937 until her death in 1993.; (cont.) Although Duke was highly dependent upon her advisors during the construction of Shangri La...
Beginning in 1922, under the auspices of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran, the tombs of selected historical figures were systematically destroyed to make way for modern mausoleums erected as metaphors for an "Aryan" nation in its process of modem revival. Initiated during the reign of Reza Shah who ruled the country with an iron fist between 1921 and 1941, most of the projects were implemented under his son, Mohammad Reza Shah, between 1941 and the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Since the monuments were ideologically inscribed commemorations of the leading modernists and reformists of the 1920s, their impact permeated the definition and function of high culture in Iran's 20th-century sociopolitical history. The dissertation offers a critical analysis of the political underpinnings, pedagogical aims, racial schemas, and aesthetic ends of propaganda architecture as they were conceived and constructed under the aegis of the Society for National Heritage. An in-depth study of the institutional history of the SNH, which included the construction of numerous mausoleums--particularly those belonging to Ferdawsi, Hafez, Ibn Sina, Omar Khayyam, and Arthur Pope, the supervision of over sixty preservation projects, and the creation of an archeological museum as well as a national library...
Perast, a baroque town on the Montenegrin coast, and a UNESCO protected site, is an amalgam of nearly three hundred buildings that capture the region's unique history. A vibrant regional center in the XVII and XVIII centuries, Perast today is a dormant town in danger of suffocating under the burden of its own past. My architectural intervention, a conservation school dispersed in five locations around strategically selected ruins in Perast, seeks to reconcile the competing claims of preservation and development: it offers heritage-related vocational training as an economic as well as cultural benefit to the local population. In its architectural ambition to interconnect the historic architecture with the contemporary addition in an innovative way, the conservation school becomes a criticism of the overly sentimental approaches to building in protected historic cities in favor of more invigorating ones.; by Jelena Pejkovic.; Thesis (M. Arch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 2006.; Page 101-102 blank.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 95-97).
This paper presents a discussion on the relation between school architecture and pedagogical approaches. The goal of this study was to detect in the literature on diverse pedagogies information on the necessary spatial configurations to house essential learning activities. The pedagogies discussed here are: Traditional, Behaviorist, Constructivism and Social Constructivism. The educational approaches were analyzed from the standpoints of the student, teachers, pedagogical needs and learning environments This analysis resulted in a synthesis table with information to support a design process for school buildings in coherence with educational approaches and their needs. The literature research revealed a rich data on pedagogical concepts and description of environmental requirements, however this data is rarely directly applicable to a productive design process and for this reason, a school design process needs further inputs. The different ways of teaching and learning need in-depth analyses and during the programming phase of a productive design process the relation between environment and activities should be analyzed, discussed and reflected upon. In this paper, several types of learning processes were analyzed and their spatial layouts configured to support an improved school design process.; Este artigo apresenta uma discussão sobre a relação entre elementos da arquitetura escolar e abordagens pedagógicas. O objetivo desse estudo foi identificar e organizar informações da literatura sobre a configuração espacial de ambientes de aprendizagem de diferentes concepções pedagógicas...
Neste primeiro número de 2015, a PARC apresenta artigos que compartilham as páginas da revista para demonstrar a importância da diversidade de contribuições na constituição de uma discussão coerente sobre a construção e o papel do processo de projeto em arquitetura.; In this first issue of 2015, the Journal PARC presents articles that demonstrate the importance of the diversity of contributions in setting up a coherent discussion of building construction and the role of the design process in architecture.