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Internacionalização de empresas de construção : o caso do Cluster AFCM; Internationalization of construction companies : the case of the Cluster AFCM

Queirós, João Carlos Campos
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Engenharia Civil (área de especialização em Perfil de Construções); Nos dias de hoje, diversos países estão cada vez mais interessados em aumentar as atividades internacionais das suas PME, a fim de reforçar o crescimento económico, reduzir o desemprego e criar potencialmente mini multinacionais no futuro (Ruzzier et al., 2006). Por outro lado, o desenvolvimento económico baseado em clusters tem-se tornado uma temática com crescente interesse tanto para profissionais, como para investigadores. Posto isto, o principal objetivo desta investigação é analisar e perceber o funcionamento de um cluster no processo de internacionalização de empresas da indústria da construção na região do Minho, em Portugal. Desta forma, este estudo cria valor para académicos, empresários e entidades governamentais, pois para além de integrar duas temáticas ainda relativamente pouco estudadas em conjunto, apresenta igualmente conclusões que poderão servir de guia orientador para outros clusters com objetivos semelhantes. Foi adotada a metodologia de estudo de caso, sendo que para além da revisão bibliográfica e a realização de uma entrevista, foi também administrado um questionário às empresas membro do cluster. Decorrente da análise...

The use of consortia in the internationalization of construction firms – Mota-Engil study case

Silva, Susana Costa e
Fonte: org. University of Liverpool Publicador: org. University of Liverpool
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
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Paper also presented at: 2nd Annual Copenhagen Conference on Partnerships: crating innovative solutions through collaboration, Copenhagen, 17-18 November.; The phenomenon of internationalization has been actively studied, throughout the years. In its wide approach, it has been predicted as irrevocable and of increasing impact in the firm-related strategy. The way by which the internationalization occurs is connected with the modes used to enter in foreign markets, which have been also industriously scrutinized. One of those modes, the consortium, has not received as much attention as others. Thus, it seems important to understand how consortia allow the settlement of firms in the international markets. This study intends to answer the question of “how” to internationalize, anticipating the consortium as the most feasible way for construction firms to enter in certain markets. The reasons which determine its choice are related with aspects concerning the specificness of the projects, markets and of the firm in question. In the first part of the study, is introduced the revision of literature already existing about consortia as a entry mode and a tool of internationalization used by construction firms, resulting a analysis matrix which reveals the motivations conducive to their choice. In the second part...

The use of public support on internationalization activities, firms competencies and internationalization requirements

Torres, M. M.; Varum, C.A.; Banno, M.
Fonte: IACSIT Press Publicador: IACSIT Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In particularly in times of budget constraints governments should analyze in detail all aspects related to the implementation of their public support to enterprises. With an Heckman selection model and data collected through a survey to Portuguese firms, we test which variables may affect awareness and use of the public support to internationalization. The results show that firms’ competencies positively affect awareness and negatively affect use of public support. Otherwise, the requirements of internationalization positively affect both the awareness and the use of public support.

Banking Internationalization in Latin America: The Brazilian case, 1997- 2007 a panel analysis

Teles, Andrea Sequeira
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão Publicador: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /05/2011 Português
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Mestrado em Finanças; Durante a década de 90 o setor bancário mundial passou por mudanças significativas. Um processo de internacionalização teve início em países desenvolvidos e em desenvolvimento, caracterizado por uma desregulamentação financeira, com barreiras de entradas mais fracas, globalização e desenvolvimento tecnológico. Após a crise Mexicana alguns países em desenvolvimento tiveram necessidade de realizar uma recapitalização no setor. A situação no Brasil era um pouco diferente, pois o país possuía um sistema financeiro com instituições problemáticas e para o aperfeiçoar havia necessidade de as vender ou de transferir o seu controlo. A privatização e o processo de internacionalização tornaram-se numa solução para este problema, e tiveram um papel muito importante durante este período. Este estudo analisa os efeitos da abertura do sistema bancário Brasileiro, e compara-os com o esperado de acordo com a teoria da internacionalização bancária. Diferenças de acordo com a dimensão dos bancos também serão estudadas, através da introdução de pequenos e médios bancos na amostra. A análise foi realizada utilizando dados de 18 bancos nacionais com portfólio comercial, durante o período de 1997 a 2007. Os resultados demonstram que o caso Brasileiro foi atípico...

Internationalization processes of Portuguese wine producing SME’S in Germany and Russia

Carvalho, Sérgio Miguel Oliveira
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2009 Português
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Master in International Management; In order to shed some light on the common problems wine producing SME’s are facing in their internationalization processes, this paper will provide decision makers with some tools for better evaluation of their true international potential. The objective is to allow some reflection on the possibilities of cooperation between firms with limited resources that wish to explore the Eastern and Central European markets. This is done by evaluating all the current internationalization possibilities in two example markets – Germany and Russia – and making and approach based on internal factors (e.g. financial and human resources) as well as external (e.g. market’s potential, entry barriers, …). The paper will show that the answers lie in the combination between the firm’s characteristics and the market in question’s potential. Although there is not one true and single “best way to go international”, there are some common threads that will make decision making more rational. The paper ultimately intends to create a bigger discussion amongst wine producers as to their true possibilities of internationalization as independent firms and the exponential increase of possibilities as part of organized cooperative groups.; O objectivo desta Tese de Mestrado é dar aos decisores de PME’s produtoras de vinhos em Portugal algumas ferramentas que permitam uma melhor avaliação do seu verdadeiro potencial de internacionalização. O trabalho partirá de uma reflexão acerca das possibilidades de cooperação entre empresas com recursos bastante limitados mas com objectivos comuns...

Internationalization plan for social enterprises: A research on the internationalization of "Book a Street Artist"

Mannebach, Teresa Moana
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2014 Português
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A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; While working as an intern for the social enterprise Book a Street Artist, I was responsible for implementing an internationalization plan. Due to the lack of information about how social enterprises internationalize, a three-plus-two step structure has been developed and applied to the enterprise. This work demonstrates that to precisely scale up social impact, the actual implementation of social enterprises´ internationalization should be done in a rapid, not necessarily systematic manner. Therefore, the best way to internationalize is based on an implementation strategy which is suited to the enterprises´ actual market conditions and its business model.

Internationalization and Corporate Cash Holdings: Evidence from Brazil and Mexico

Arata,Newton; Sheng,Hsia Hua; Lora,Mayra Ivanoff
Fonte: Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-graduação em Administração Publicador: Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-graduação em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2015 Português
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This research expands on previous studies of cash holdings and their determinants by studying the relationship between the degree of internationalization and the level of corporate cash holdings. We used a sample of non-financial, publicly traded companies from Brazil and Mexico for the period from 2006 to 2010. Our results suggest that the degree of internationalization is a determinant of cash, and that cash holding increases quadratically as the degree of company internationalization grows. Such behavior was different from the North American company studies in Chiang and Wang (2011). Similar to previous studies, both Trade-off and Pecking Order predictions are relevant control variables in our model. Finally, companies held less cash on their balance sheets during the pre-crisis period.

Environment, resources and interpretation: influences in the internationalization strategies of the food industry in Brazil

Seifert Jr,Rene E.; Machado-da-Silva,Clóvis L.
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2007 Português
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This article analyzes the internationalization strategies of companies in the food industry from Paraná State, in Brazil. The logic of analysis sought to corroborate the idea that internationalization is a strategic phenomenon cognitively mediated in the light of environmental pressures and resources within the organization. Therefore, the role of the environment, resources and interpretive schemes are analyzed and used to explain three strategic internationalization patterns found in the food industry of Paraná: domestic, reluctant and active international action. Based on those constructs, and from an institutional and cognitive perspective of analysis, the study contributes to the debate related to homogeneity, heterogeneity and organizational strategic action.

Explaining Telecoms and Electricity Internationalization in the European Union: A Political Economy Perspective

CLIFTON, Judith; DIAZ-FUENTES, Daniel; REVUELTA LOPEZ, Julio
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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One consequence of the liberalization of certain services in the European Union was that a number of formerly inward-looking incumbents in telecommunications and electricity rapidly transformed themselves into some of the world’s leading Multinationals. However, the precise relationship between liberalization and incumbent internationalization is contested. This article tests three persuasive arguments derived from the political economy literature on this relationship. The first claims that those incumbents most exposed to domestic liberalization would internationalise most. The second asserts the opposite: incumbents operating where liberalization was restricted could exploit monopolistic rents to finance their aggressive internationalisation. The third argument claims that a diversity of paths will be adopted by countries and incumbents vis-à-vis liberalization and internationalization. Using correlation and cluster analysis of the sample of all major EU telecoms and electricity incumbent Multinationals evidence is found in favour of the third hypothesis. Internationalization as a response to liberalization took diverse forms in terms of timing and extent and this is best explained using a country, sector and firm logic.

Explaining telecoms and electricity internationalization in the European Union: a political economy perspective

Clifton, Judith Catherine; Díaz Fuentes, Daniel; Revuelta López, Julio
Fonte: MPRA Publicador: MPRA
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper; publishedVersion
Português
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One consequence of the liberalization of certain services in the European Union was that a number of formerly inward-looking incumbents in telecommunications and electricity rapidly transformed themselves into some of the world’s leading Multinationals. However, the precise relationship between liberalization and incumbent internationalization is contested. This article tests three persuasive arguments derived from the political economy literature on this relationship. The first claims that those incumbents most exposed to domestic liberalization would internationalise most. The second asserts the opposite: incumbents operating where liberalization was restricted could exploit monopolistic rents to finance their aggressive internationalisation. The third argument claims that a diversity of paths will be adopted by countries and incumbents vis-à-vis liberalization and internationalization. Using correlation and cluster analysis of the sample of all major EU telecoms and electricity incumbent Multinationals evidence is found in favour of the third hypothesis. Internationalization as a response to liberalization took diverse forms in terms of timing and extent and this is best explained using a country, sector and firm logic.

Internationalization in German Academic Libraries: Moving beyond North American Perspectives

Bordonaro, Karen; Rauchmann, Sabine
Fonte: Johns Hopkins University Press Publicador: Johns Hopkins University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This paper explores how internationalization is understood and experienced in German academic libraries. Its main purpose is to move the discussion of internationalization in academic libraries beyond the boundaries of English-speaking North America by investigating a European perspective. Its secondary purpose is to investigate the role of English in German academic libraries. An online survey and a series of in-person interviews conducted in Germany in April 2015 provided the data for this study. What emerged are a series of stated differences and similarities between North America and Germany informed by the two overarching themes of implicit internationalization and plurilingualism, the ability to switch from one language to another as required.

From national monopoly to Multinational Corporation: how regulation shaped the road towards telecommunications internationalization

Clifton, Judith Catherine; Comín Comín, Francisco; Díaz Fuentes, Daniel
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; acceptedVersion
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One of the consequences of major regulatory reform of the telecommunications sector from the end of the 1970s – particularly, privatization, liberalization and deregulation – was the establishment of a new business environment which permitted former national telecommunications monopolies to expand abroad. From the 1990s, a number of these firms, particularly those based in Europe, joined the rankings of the world’s leading Multinational Corporations. Their internationalization was uneven, however: while some firms internationalised strongly, others ventured abroad much slower. This article explores how the regulatory framework within which telecommunications incumbents evolved over the long-term shaped their subsequent, uneven, paths to internationalization. Two case studies representing ´maximum variation´ are selected: Telefónica, whose early and unrelenting expansion transformed it into one of the world’s most international of Multinational Corporations, and BT, whose overseas ventures failed and, with eroding domestic market share, forced the firm to partially retreat, becoming the least international of the large European incumbents. Long-term ownership, access to capital, management style and exposure to liberalization strongly influenced firms’ approaches to internationalization

Internationalization factors of Thai multinationals and Thailand's bilateral trade policy

Thirawat, N.; Robins, F.; Baume, G.
Fonte: Haworth Press, Inc. Publicador: Haworth Press, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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This article investigates the impact of Thailand’s recent bilateral free-trade agreements (FTAs) on the internationalization of Thai multinational enterprises (MNEs). The results highlight the relative importance of internal and external factors in the internationalization of developing country MNEs. The empirical evidence indicated that Thai MNEs judged bilateral FTAs as a critical facilitator of internationalization success. The FTAs facilitated firms’ exports to a certain degree and marginally expedited firms’ international purchasing activities. The influence of FTAs on firms’ foreign investment was not discernible.; Nipawan Thirawat, Frederick Robins and Georges Baume

Internationalization of the curriculum through student-led climate change teaching activity

McGregor, Helen V.; O'Shea, Beth; Brewer, Chris; Abuodha, Pamela; Pharo, Emma J.
Fonte: National Association of Geoscience Teachers Publicador: National Association of Geoscience Teachers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Internationalization of the curriculum is important in today's globalized environment, with the increasingly interdisciplinary nature of complex issues, such as climate change, requiring students to think beyond their disciplinary and cultural boundaries. Here we introduce a novel cross-discipline and cross-country activity with the overall goal to expose students to an international environmental problem (climate change) that requires an awareness of different perspectives, so as to contribute to their development of responsible global citizenship through internationalization of the curriculum. Students studying in Australia and the United States of America completed an anonymous survey on their climate change perceptions, and then the students discussed the results via a live video link. The survey results provided the catalyst for students to reflect on the ecological impact of their different lifestyles. The students could demonstrate their critical thinking skills and develop cross disciplinary thinking by exploring the vexed issue of climate change science, perceptions, and culture. Overall, the survey was simple to implement and the tutorial was successful despite the different time zones. Our activity achieved the broader goal of internationalization of student learning and enhanced our students' ability to view problems from different angles and helped foster boundary-crossing skills.

An Internationalization Model to Enter the Northern Triangle Market

Marín Cadavid, Carolina; García, John J.
Fonte: Universidad EAFIT; Escuela de Economía y Finanzas Publicador: Universidad EAFIT; Escuela de Economía y Finanzas
Tipo: workingPaper; Documento de trabajo de investigación; draf
Português
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An internationalization model is proposed for a Colombian company specialized in design and consulting engineering services related to the energy sector. The study of these services is relatively new in internationalization and competitiveness, therefore of great interest for research purposes. The model is created with the purpose of conquering the Northern Triangle market (Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador). Different internationalization theories,such as the Eclectic Paradigm, the Uppsala Model and the Five Competitive Forces were considered. Different assessments were carried out based on qualitative and quantitative data through the case study method in which analyses were performed to generate and evaluate the main variables in the model. Outcomes assure that, HMV Ingenieros Ltda (a Colombian company) is prepared to start commercial presence in the Northern Triangle considering the Step-by-Step model as the way to reach the studied market. In addition, analysis of macroeconomic trends finds Guatemala as the best potential market.

Assessment of the degree of preparation for the challenge of internationalization of SMEs from an integrative approach to the dynamic capabilities and knowledge management [Evaluación del grado de preparación para asumir el reto de la internacionalización de las pymes desde un enfoque integrador de las capacidades dinámicas y la gestión del conocimiento]

Londono A.A.; Velez O.A.; Rojas J.D.
Fonte: Revista Espacios Publicador: Revista Espacios
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Português
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This paper presents a case study of two SMEs companies, one of the traditional type and the other based on knowledge. Its purpose is to establish whether there is any type of relationship between a tool that evaluates the degree of preparation for internationalization from the perspective of dynamic capabilities and one that takes the conceptual elements of the ambidextrous organization to diagnose the state of knowledge management of these productive organizations. The methodology describes how the two tools are structured to the junction of their measurements, whose specific purpose is to identify the nodal matters that allow the entrepreneur-owner of the SME to reduce the risks of its internationalization process. With this exploratory study is expected to advance the state of the art of these themes providing solid foundations for future work that would allow the construction of a more complete understanding of the phenomenon of internationalization of SMEs.

A relevância da inteligência comercial na promoção da internacionalização de empresas brasileiras: estudo de caso da Apex-Brasil; The Relevance from the Business Intelligence to the Brazilian Companies Internationalization Promotion: Case Study from Apex-Brasil.

Albuquerque, Rafaela Alves
Fonte: Universidade Católica de Brasília Publicador: Universidade Católica de Brasília
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: Texto
Português
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Entendida como o processo que auxilia as empresas a tomarem decisões pautadas em informações confiáveis, a Inteligência Comercial é um assunto que vem sendo discutido e implementado em empresas ao redor do mundo. Este estudo se propõe a analisar as principais teorias que versam sobre Inteligência Comercial, identificar as principais modalidades de internacionalização, além de apresentar a importância do planejamento para a obtenção de maiores êxitos no que concerne à inserção internacional. No desenvolvimento da pesquisa será abordada a atuação da Apex- Brasil no contexto da internacionalização de empresas, a caracterização e o papel da Unidade de Inteligência Comercial da Agência e a percepção das entidades beneficiadas pelos serviços que a UIC da Apex-Brasil oferece. Este trabalhado visa demonstrar a importância que os serviços de Inteligência comercial prestados pela Apex-Brasil têm para a definição de estratégias voltadas para internacionalização de empresas.; Known as the process that helps companies making decisions based on trustful information, the Business Intelligence is a subject that has been discussed and implemented worldwide. The purpose of this research is to analyze the main theories about Business Intelligence...

Co-operation between large Enterprises (LE'S) and SME's: an approach to overcome the stage internationalization process

Dias, E. B.; Lopes, D. S.
Fonte: VGTU Press Publicador: VGTU Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Many companies are using their networks in order to overcome psychic distance – liability of foreignness – and liability of outsidership; and networks at domestic markets can be a base in which SMEs can find a lever to get a rapid internationalization process. Regarding this topic has been developed a case study in the Polish market, where a local retailer (“Biedronka”) owned by a Portuguese group (“Jerónimo Martins”) is offering Portuguese products. In order to apply a constructivist methodology, using the case study method, five SMEs where selected in order to understand if co-operation between these companies and a LE (Large Enterprise) would be a way in order to overcome the liability of foreignness and the liability of outsidership. It was also our purpose the understanding of which are the main issues that promote insidership and also the promotion of a rapid internationalization. Our conclusions have shown a LE as a source of institutional and market-specific knowledge, and regarding this last type of knowledge, as source of opportunities, and also how a SME with internationalization knowledge, an international focus and adaptation skills (in order to adapt products and prices) can introduce in a co-operative international venture...

The impact of political culture on firms' choice of exploitation-exploration internationalization strategy

Armagan, Sungu; Ferreira, Manuel Portugal
Fonte: Sage Publicador: Sage
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
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This article discusses the impact of political culture on the exploitation-exploration internationalization strategies of firms. In particular, we propose that four dimensions of political culture – nationalism, internationalism, patriotism, and cosmopolitanism – influence firms’ willingness to explore new opportunities and/or to exploit existing products and capabilities across borders. We suggest that firms in nationalist home country cultures are more likely to pursue exploitation strategies, whereas those in cosmopolitan cultures are more likely to pursue exploration strategies. For firms embedded in patriotic or internationalist cultures, a mix of exploitation and exploration internationalization strategies might be the more likely choice. We conclude that these political culture dimensions may be useful to understand and predict many firm-level strategic choices, such as the type of internationalization strategy pursued, the choice of foreign entry mode and location, and decisions concerning the management of foreign subsidiaries.

Top of mind: cluster reputation as a facilitator in the internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises

Zyglidopoulos, Stelios; DeMartino, Richard; Reid, David
Fonte: Palgrave Macmillan. The definitive version is available at http://www.palgrave.com/ Publicador: Palgrave Macmillan. The definitive version is available at http://www.palgrave.com/
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In this paper, the authors argue that a solid Cluster Reputation can assist in the internationalization process of cluster firms, especially when these firms are small, medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which face a number of obsacles in their internationalization. Two ways by which cluster reputation can assist in the internationalization of SMEs are identified, and the paper concludes with a discussion of the importance of viewing cluster reputation as a 'public good' from which cluster firms can draw.; RIT community members may access full-text via RIT Libraries licensed databases: http://library.rit.edu/databases/