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Roteamento de tráfego e alocação de recursos em redes ópticas WDM com base em economia de energia; Energy-aware traffic routing and resource allocation in WDM optical networks

Llerena Valdivia, Nereida Celina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/11/2014 Português
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O crescimento do tráfego de serviços de telecomunicações tem aumentado o consumo de energia e, em consequência, aumentado as emissões de CO2 que tem efeitos nocivos sobre o meio ambiente. É assim que a economia de energia torna-se um fator chave no planejamento de redes de telecomunicações. Para garantir a disponibilidade e confiabilidade, as redes possuem arquitetura redundante e são projetadas para suportar a demanda de pico de tráfego. Redes com mecanismos de proteção como proteção dedicada de caminhos (DPP), proveem caminhos alternativos para cada demanda de conexão. Os elementos da rede que suportam esses caminhos estão em estado ativo (consumindo energia), apesar de, na maior parte do tempo, não transportarem tráfego efetivo. Um método para diminuir o gasto de energia é utilizar roteamento adaptado à carga real de tráfego baseado em modo suspenso (estado de baixo consumo de energia que pode passar a estado ativo rapidamente). Assim, o tráfego é roteado com vistas à maximizar a quantidade de componentes que são parte de caminhos de proteção, que podem ser postos em modo suspenso. Neste trabalho, as redes usadas para os testes são a rede europeia Cost239, a rede estadunidense UsNet e a rede brasileira Ipê. Abordamos o problema de economia de energia em redes WDM com DPP através de quatro estratégias de roteamento. Cada uma tem objetivos diferentes...

Automatic generation of control solution for resource allocation using Petri net model

Nakamoto,Francisco Yastami; Miyagi,Paulo Eigi; Santos Filho,Diolino José dos
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2009 Português
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The flexible manufacturing system (FMS) executes multiple processes simultaneously using a limited set of resources. These processes can be blocked permanently due to the sequence of the activities, i.e., the processes sharing a finite set of resources may eventually lead to a deadlock state. The FMS belongs to the class of discrete event systems where it is not possible to determine when an event will occur and the sequence of events becomes undefined. Such systems can be modeled using Petri net, and this work presents a method that solves the deadlock problem considering the indeterminism of FMSs. The goal of this work is to introduce an algorithmic approach, which allows the implementation of a computer program based on FMS functional specification. The proposal is to automate the generation of the control strategy for resource utilization and the rules to avoid the deadlock situation.

Complex Genetic Effects on Early Vegetative Development Shape Resource Allocation Differences Between Arabidopsis lyrata Populations

Remington, David L.; Leinonen, Päivi H.; Leppälä, Johanna; Savolainen, Outi
Fonte: Genetics Society of America Publicador: Genetics Society of America
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2013 Português
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Costs of reproduction due to resource allocation trade-offs have long been recognized as key forces in life history evolution, but little is known about their functional or genetic basis. Arabidopsis lyrata, a perennial relative of the annual model plant A. thaliana with a wide climatic distribution, has populations that are strongly diverged in resource allocation. In this study, we evaluated the genetic and functional basis for variation in resource allocation in a reciprocal transplant experiment, using four A. lyrata populations and F2 progeny from a cross between North Carolina (NC) and Norway parents, which had the most divergent resource allocation patterns. Local alleles at quantitative trait loci (QTL) at a North Carolina field site increased reproductive output while reducing vegetative growth. These QTL had little overlap with flowering date QTL. Structural equation models incorporating QTL genotypes and traits indicated that resource allocation differences result primarily from QTL effects on early vegetative growth patterns, with cascading effects on later vegetative and reproductive development. At a Norway field site, North Carolina alleles at some of the same QTL regions reduced survival and reproductive output components...

Immunization Resource Tracking Exercise : Case Study on the Republic of Tajikistan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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This paper summarizes the approach and findings of a case study of an immunization resource tracking exercise undertaken in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2005. The immunization resource tracking exercise in Tajikistan was largely an exploratory exercise to examine allocation and use of both donor and government resources for the national immunization program and immunization service delivery. Tajikistan was selected as the focus of this work for several reasons: a) Tajikistan has received significant external financing of immunization services from the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) Alliance since 2001, and introduced new vaccines (Hepatitis B) in 2002.; b) immunization program performance, measured as the number of Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTP3) doses provided, has not increased at commensurate levels as immunization financing; and, c) the start of a Health public expenditure tracking survey (PETS) was an opportunity to link immunization tracking to health resource tracking. The study had the benefit of seeing how results in immunization resource flows fit within those of the health sector. This case study represents one of the first systematic assessments of immunization resource flows at country level.

Downlink resource allocation for orthogonal frequency division multiple access systems.

Chee, Kit-Ming Tommy
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 142212 bytes; 825442 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
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Wireless spectral efficiency is increasingly important due to the rapid growth of demand for high data rate wideband wireless services. The design of a multi-carrier system,such as an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) system, enables high system capacity suited for these wideband wireless services. This system capacity can be further optimised with a resource allocation scheme by exploiting the characteristics of the wireless fading channels. The fundamental idea of a resource allocation scheme is to efficiently distribute the available wireless resources, such as the sub-carriers and transmission power, among all admitted users in the system. In this thesis, we present the findings of the investigation into the impact of several resource allocation schemes in an OFDMA environment. We show that in an OFDMA environment without the consideration of sub-carrier assignment, the sub-optimal power allocation closed-form solution can be derived via a constrained optimisation with the duality theorem. With a perfect feedback of channel condition, the proposed low-complexity algorithm that utilises the closed-form solution can maximise the sum capacity to approach near-optimal capacity. We derive the sub-optimal sub-carrier and power allocation closed-form solution via a similar constrained optimisation process. With an imperfect or outdated feedback of channel condition...

Public perceptions of pandemic influenza resource allocation: a deliberative forum using Grid/Group analysis

Docter, S.; Street, J.; Braunack-Mayer, A.; van der Wilt, G.J.
Fonte: Journal Public Health Policy Publicador: Journal Public Health Policy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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The emergence of virulent avian influenza A subtypes with potential to evolve into novel human subtypes prompted directives from the World Health Organisation recommending that countries prepare for a pandemic. In response the Australian government developed the Australian Health Management Plan for Pandemic Influenza (AHMPPI), which includes strategies to contain and/or manage a pandemic. To implement these strategies successfully, community compliance is necessary. Our qualitative study investigated, through a deliberative forum, the extent to which the antiviral drug and vaccine allocation of the AHMPPI corresponds with community views about the priority groups. We used Mary Douglas' Grid/Group analysis to analyse the results, which suggested that the AHMPPI's allocation strategy corresponds well with community views with both based on a hierarchical structure. There are some differences concerning community involvement in the decision process and information provision to the public, for which our study provides recommendations.; Stynke P. Docter, Jackie Street, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, and Gert-Jan van der Wilt

Discutindo uma Metodologia para a Alocação Equitativa de Recursos Federais para o Sistema Único de Saúde; Discussing one Methodology to the Equitable Allocation of Federal Resources to the National Health System

MENDES, Áquilas; LEITE, Marcel Guedes; MARQUES, Rosa Maria
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo.Associação Paulista de Saúde Pública. Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo.Associação Paulista de Saúde Pública.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Este artigo trata da aplicação de uma metodologia de alocação equitativa dos recursos federais do SUS para os Estados e municípios brasileiros, tanto para procedimentos da Atenção Básica como para Média e Alta Complexidade. Poucas ações na área de financiamento da saúde foram desenvolvidas até o momento no Brasil para atender às exigências legais da universalidade e da equidade. Via de regra prevalece o comportamento histórico da alocação de recursos pautada na produção e não nas necessidades. A metodologia proposta segue a abordagem de Porto e colaboradores (2001), usando a técnica de análise de componentes principais, com alguns ajustes e alterações na definição da escala de referência, especialmente para procedimentos de média e alta complexidade. Com base nesta metodologia, o trabalho apresenta a distribuição proposta para os recursos federais do SUS, efetuados em 2005, comparando, inclusive com o realizado, para os dois níveis de procedimentos previstos. No caso da Atenção Básica, a metodologia proposta abrange todos os municípios brasileiros, consolidados em nível estadual. Já para recursos destinados à Média e Alta Complexidade, ela foi desenvolvida apenas para a esfera estadual.; This article deals with the application of an equitable allocation methodology concerning the federal resources of Brazil's National Health System (SUS) to the states and municipalities...

Influencia de los rasgos de historia de vida y del uso de información en la adquisición de recursos y dispersión en el parasitoide Ibalia leucospoides Hochenwarth (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae); Influence of life history traits and information use on resource acquisition and dispersal in the parasitoid Ibalia leucospoides Hochenwarth (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae)

Fischbein, Deborah
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires Publicador: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; tesis doctoral; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 Português
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El objetivo central de esta tesis es estudiar como la selección natural moldea los rasgos de historia de vida y el comportamiento de los animales de acuerdo al entorno ecológico en el que viven. Este marco teórico nos conduce a las hipótesis especificas respecto a los procesos de reproducción, dispersión y forrajeo de recursos en el parasitoide Ibalia leucospoides. Los resultados principales de la tesis son (1) que la proporción de huevos maduros que posee la hembra al momento de la emergencia respecto de la fecundidad potencial es alta; es decir que I. leucospoides tiende a la pro-ovigenia como estrategia de maduración de huevos; (2) las hembras adultas no dependen de la alimentación para sostener la maduración de huevos, ni tampoco para el mantenimiento somático y la capacidad de vuelo; (3) bajo nuestras condiciones experimentales la capacidad de vuelo obedece a las características morfológicas del parasitoide (tamaño y carga alar) y finalmente; (4) respecto a la búsqueda de hospedadores, las hembras son capaces de discriminar diferencias en la calidad de los parches de hospedadores a la distancia, sin la necesidad de llevar a cabo un proceso de muestreo de los mismos. Además, para la explotación de los parches utilizan información de los parches de hospedadores vecinos. El éxito reproductivo de I. leucospoides...

Integrated assessment modelling for water resource allocation and management: A generalised conceptual framework

Letcher, Rebecca; Croke, Barry; Jakeman, Anthony
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Nodal network approaches are a common framework for considering water allocation in river basins. In this type of model framework, a river basin is represented as a series of nodes, where nodes generally represent key points of extraction or instream use.

Resource Allocation for Downlink Cellular OFDMA Systems: Part II - Practical Algorithms and Optimal Reuse Factor

Ksairi, Nassar; Bianchi, Pascal; ciblat, Phiippe; Hachem, Walid
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In a companion paper, we characterized the optimal resource allocation in terms of power control and subcarrier assignment, for a downlink sectorized OFDMA system. In our model, the network is assumed to be one dimensional for the sake of analysis. We also assume that a certain part of the available bandwidth is likely to be reused by different base stations while that the other part of the bandwidth is shared in an orthogonal way between these base stations. The optimal resource allocation characterized in Part I is obtained by minimizing the total power spent by the network under the constraint that all users rate requirements are satisfied. When optimal resource allocation is used, any user receives data either in the reused bandwidth or in the protected bandwidth, but not in both (except for at most one pivot-user in each cell). We also proposed an algorithm that determines the optimal values of users resource allocation parameters. The optimal allocation algorithm proposed in Part I requires a large number of operations. In the present paper, we propose a distributed practical resource allocation algorithm with low complexity. We study the asymptotic behavior of both this simplified resource allocation algorithm and the optimal resource allocation algorithm of Part I as the number of users in each cell tends to infinity. Our analysis allows to prove that the proposed simplified algorithm is asymptotically optimal. As a byproduct of our analysis...

Mining Event Logs to Support Workflow Resource Allocation

Liu, Tingyu; Cheng, Yalong; Ni, Zhonghua
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/06/2012 Português
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Workflow technology is widely used to facilitate the business process in enterprise information systems (EIS), and it has the potential to reduce design time, enhance product quality and decrease product cost. However, significant limitations still exist: as an important task in the context of workflow, many present resource allocation operations are still performed manually, which are time-consuming. This paper presents a data mining approach to address the resource allocation problem (RAP) and improve the productivity of workflow resource management. Specifically, an Apriori-like algorithm is used to find the frequent patterns from the event log, and association rules are generated according to predefined resource allocation constraints. Subsequently, a correlation measure named lift is utilized to annotate the negatively correlated resource allocation rules for resource reservation. Finally, the rules are ranked using the confidence measures as resource allocation rules. Comparative experiments are performed using C4.5, SVM, ID3, Na\"ive Bayes and the presented approach, and the results show that the presented approach is effective in both accuracy and candidate resource recommendations.; Comment: T. Liu et al., Mining event logs to support workflow resource allocation...

Correlation-aware Resource Allocation in Multi-Cell Networks

Bandari, Dorna; Pottie, Gregory; Frossard, Pascal
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/12/2011 Português
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We propose a cross-layer strategy for resource allocation between spatially correlated sources in the uplink of multi-cell FDMA networks. Our objective is to find the optimum power and channel to sources, in order to minimize the maximum distortion achieved by any source in the network. Given that the network is multi-cell, the inter-cell interference must also be taken into consideration. This resource allocation problem is NP-hard and the optimal solution can only be found by exhaustive search over the entire solution space, which is not computationally feasible. We propose a three step method to be performed separately by the scheduler in each cell, which finds cross-layer resource allocation in simple steps. The three- step algorithm separates the problem into inter-cell resource management, grouping of sources for joint decoding, and intra- cell channel assignment. For each of the steps we propose allocation methods that satisfy different design constraints. In the simulations we compare methods for each step of the algorithm. We also demonstrate the overall gain of using correlation-aware resource allocation for a typical multi-cell network of Gaussian sources. We show that, while using correlation in compression and joint decoding can achieve 25% loss in distortion over independent decoding...

Optimal Joint Multiple Resource Allocation Method for Cloud Computing Environments

Kuribayashi, Shin-ichi
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/10/2011 Português
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Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources. To provide cloud computing services economically, it is important to optimize resource allocation under the assumption that the required resource can be taken from a shared resource pool. In addition, to be able to provide processing ability and storage capacity, it is necessary to allocate bandwidth to access them at the same time. This paper proposes an optimal resource allocation method for cloud computing environments. First, this paper develops a resource allocation model of cloud computing environments, assuming both processing ability and bandwidth are allocated simultaneously to each service request and rented out on an hourly basis. The allocated resources are dedicated to each service request. Next, this paper proposes an optimal joint multiple resource allocation method, based on the above resource allocation model. It is demonstrated by simulation evaluation that the proposed method can reduce the request loss probability and as a result, reduce the total resource required, compared with the conventional allocation method. Then, this paper defines basic principles and a measure for achieving fair resource allocation among multiple users in a cloud computing environment...

Context-Aware Resource Allocation in Cellular Networks

Abdelhadi, Ahmed; Clancy, Charles
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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We define and propose a resource allocation architecture for cellular networks. The architecture combines content-aware, time-aware and location-aware resource allocation for next generation broadband wireless systems. The architecture ensures content-aware resource allocation by prioritizing real-time applications users over delay-tolerant applications users when allocating resources. It enables time-aware resource allocation via traffic-dependent pricing that varies during different hours of day (e.g. peak and off-peak traffic hours). Additionally, location-aware resource allocation is integrable in this architecture by including carrier aggregation of various frequency bands. The context-aware resource allocation is an optimal and flexible architecture that can be easily implemented in practical cellular networks. We highlight the advantages of the proposed network architecture with a discussion on the future research directions for context-aware resource allocation architecture. We also provide experimental results to illustrate a general proof of concept for this new architecture.; Comment: (c) 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media...

A Multi-server Scheduling Framework for Resource Allocation in Wireless Multi-carrier Networks

Zhang, Ying Jun
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/11/2006 Português
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Multiuser resource allocation has recently been recognized as an effective methodology for enhancing the power and spectrum efficiency in OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) systems. It is, however, not directly applicable to current packet-switched networks, because (i) most existing packet-scheduling schemes are based on a single-server model and do not serve multiple users at the same time; and (ii) the conventional separate design of MAC (medium access control) packet scheduling and PHY (physical) resource allocation yields inefficient resource utilization. In this paper, we propose a cross-layer resource allocation algorithm based on a novel multi-server scheduling framework to achieve overall high system power efficiency in packet-switched OFDM networks. Our contribution is four fold: (i) we propose and analyze a MPGPS (multi-server packetized general processor sharing) service discipline that serves multiple users at the same time and facilitates multiuser resource allocation; (ii) we present a MPGPS-based joint MAC-PHY resource allocation scheme that incorporates packet scheduling, subcarrier allocation, and power allocation in an integrated framework; (iii) by investigating the fundamental tradeoff between multiuser-diversity and queueing performance...

Placental phenotype and resource allocation to fetal growth are modified by the timing and degree of hypoxia during mouse pregnancy; Placental phenotype and resource allocation to foetal growth are modified by the timing and degree of hypoxia during mouse pregnancy; Placental phenotype and resource allocation to f?tal growth are modified by the timing and degree of hypoxia during mouse pregnancy; Hypoxia modifies the placenta and resource allocation to fetal growth; Hypoxia modifies the placenta and resource allocation to foetal growth; Hypoxia modifies the placenta and resource allocation to f?tal growth

Higgins, Josephine; Vaughn, Owen; Fernandez de Liger, Edurne; Fowden, Abigail; Sferruzzi-Perri, Amanda
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Article; published version
Português
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This is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Wiley via http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/JP271057; The placenta adapts its transport capacity to nutritional cues developmentally but relatively little is known about placental transport phenotype in response to hypoxia, a major cause of fetal growth restriction. This study determined the effects of both moderate hypoxia (13% inspired O? ) between days (D)11-16 or D14-19 of pregnancy and severe hypoxia (10% inspired O2 ) from D14-19 on placental morphology, transport capacity and fetal growth on D16 and D19 (term?D20.5), relative to normoxic mice in 21%O? . Placental morphology adapted beneficially to 13%O? ; fetal capillary volume increased at both ages, exchange area increased at D16 and exchange barrier thickness reduced at D19. Exposure to 13%O? had no effect on placental nutrient transport on D16 but increased placental uptake and clearance of ? H-methyl-D-glucose at D19. In contrast, 10%O? impaired fetal vascularity, increased barrier thickness and reduced placental ?? C-methylaminoisobutyric acid clearance at D19. Consequently, fetal growth was only marginally affected in 13%O? (unchanged at D16 and -5% at D19) but was severely restricted in 10%O? (-21% at D19). The hypoxia-induced changes in placental phenotype were accompanied by altered placental insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-2 expression and insulin/IGF signalling and by maternal hypophagia depending on the timing and severity of the hypoxia. Overall...

Self-organized critical & complex adaptive systems in a simulated manufacturing environment

Gill, Kaine
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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The application of this thesis compares three different manufacturing theories, varying on resource allocation, to decide which performs best. Three Resource Allocation methods are analyzed including a static resource allocation method, a semidynamic resource allocation method, and a dynamic resource allocation method. The last methodology used in this thesis develops a resource allocation method intended to display complex behavior. A Base Case manufacturing simulation is developed to represent a static resource allocation system. A Theory of Constraints manufacturing model using the Theory of Constraints process represents a semi-dynamic resource allocation system. A Complex Adaptive System manufacturing model using autonomous agents represents a dynamic resource allocation system. The systems were analyzed at multiple stress levels for system to system performance, as well as for complex behavior. Dynamic resource allocation outperformed the semi-dynamic allocation and static allocation systems unilaterally. Some complex behavior was displayed for elements of some models, but as a whole, a trend of increasing complexity did not emerge as the models were analyzed from the Base Case, to Theory of Constraints, to the Complex Adaptive System.

Seed-seedling allometry in tropical rain forest trees: seed mass-related patterns of resource allocation and the reserve effect.

Green, P; Juniper, P
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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1. The seedlings of larger seeded species generally perform better than those of smaller seeded species under a variety of hazards. The reserve effect proposes that larger seeded species retain a greater proportion of their initial seed resources and their seedlings are therefore better provisioned to cope with post-deployment resource deficits. 2. This hypothesis was tested with a suite of 32 Australian rain forest species with storage cotyledons, and seed reserve mass ranging from 36 mg to 25 g. Seedlings germinated in dim light were harvested as their first set of leaves became fully expanded, dissected into shoot, root and left-over cotyledons, dried and weighed. 3. In cross-species, allometric analyses, the mean mass of the shoot-plus-root scaled less than proportionately (slope c. 0.8), and mean cotyledon mass more than proportionately (slope c. 1.1) with either initial seed mass or seedling mass. These slopes were significantly different from each other. Both conditions for a reserve effect were therefore fulfilled. Cotyledons ranged from 45% of total seedling mass in the smallest species, to 92% in the largest. 4. Solid evidence for a reserve effect was detected within two of four families tested (Lauraceae and Myrtaceae), but only in 7 of the 22 species for which there were sufficient data. 5. Even if the reserve effect has present day utility for enhanced seedling performance in larger seeded species...

Distribución de recursos del Plan de Atención Básico con criterio de equidad, Bogotá 2002; Resource distribution for the Basic Care Plan with equity approach, Bogotá 2002

Giraldo, Juan Fernado Ospina; Hincapié Palacio, Doracelly; Forero García, Libia Esperanza
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2003 Português
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OBJETIVO: Aplicar una técnica que oriente la distribución de recursos financieros del Plan de Atención Básico para acciones colectivas, según las condiciones de salud diferenciales. MÉTODOS: Se parte de la estimación previa de un índice global de salud mediante análisis de componentes principales, que jerarquiza las localidades de Bogotá, Colombia, en grupos según su estado de salud: "peor" estado, "intermedio" y "mejor" que los anteriores. Se aplica una técnica de mínimos cuadrados que minimice la diferencia entre el índice global de salud observado y un índice esperado con la inversión de tales recursos. RESULTADOS: Se obtiene la distribución de los recursos del Plan de Atención Básico para las veinte Localidades, destinando una cifra superior a la mediana Distrital en las Localidades con "peor" estado de salud. Además, se identifican las Localidades con déficit para el cubrimiento universal de la población de acuerdo con la destinación per cápita de dichos recursos. CONCLUSIÓN: La técnica utilizada pone en evidencia la diferencia en las condiciones de salud entre las localidades con "peor" estado de salud, con respecto a las localidades con "mejor" estado, a pesar de la incremento en la asignación del Plan de Atención Básico...

Discutindo uma Metodologia para a Alocação Equitativa de Recursos Federais para o Sistema Único de Saúde; Discussing one Methodology to the Equitable Allocation of Federal Resources to the National Health System

Mendes, Áquilas; Leite, Marcel Guedes; Marques, Rosa Maria
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
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Este artigo trata da aplicação de uma metodologia de alocação equitativa dos recursos federais do SUS para os Estados e municípios brasileiros, tanto para procedimentos da Atenção Básica como para Média e Alta Complexidade. Poucas ações na área de financiamento da saúde foram desenvolvidas até o momento no Brasil para atender às exigências legais da universalidade e da equidade. Via de regra prevalece o comportamento histórico da alocação de recursos pautada na produção e não nas necessidades. A metodologia proposta segue a abordagem de Porto e colaboradores (2001), usando a técnica de análise de componentes principais, com alguns ajustes e alterações na definição da escala de referência, especialmente para procedimentos de média e alta complexidade. Com base nesta metodologia, o trabalho apresenta a distribuição proposta para os recursos federais do SUS, efetuados em 2005, comparando, inclusive com o realizado, para os dois níveis de procedimentos previstos. No caso da Atenção Básica, a metodologia proposta abrange todos os municípios brasileiros, consolidados em nível estadual. Já para recursos destinados à Média e Alta Complexidade, ela foi desenvolvida apenas para a esfera estadual.; This article deals with the application of an equitable allocation methodology concerning the federal resources of Brazil's National Health System (SUS) to the states and municipalities...