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The Afghan National Police turning a counterinsurgency problem into a solution

Haskell, David J.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 103 p. : ill., maps ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; The Taliban have managed to expand their political and military influence every year for the last five years, and if this trend is not stopped and ultimately reversed, the government of Afghanistan will likely collapse. While there is not one solution for victory in Afghanistan, some counterinsurgency precepts are more critical than others. This thesis examines and explains why legitimate police are vital to defeating the Taliban insurgency. Additionally, this thesis identifies and seeks to validate two key recommendations for improving the legitimacy and effectiveness of the Afghan National Police. First, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) need to make the Afghan National Police their number one priority for resources and manpower. Second, the Afghan National Police must be fundamentally restructured in accordance with traditional and cultural precepts to meet the needs of rural Afghan communities. Tailoring police reform to meet the needs of rural Afghans can reverse the Taliban's influence and legitimacy in Afghanistan's critical periphery.; US Army (USA) author.

Free field modeling of a MEMS-Based pressure gradient microphone

Harrison, Stephen C. W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 53 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Several articles have been written on Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) based microphones including directional sound sensors, mimicking the hearing of the fly, Ormia Ochracea. Determining the operating characteristics of such directional sound sensors requires an understanding of the interaction of the incident sound field with the MEMS structure. Previous work at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) concentrated on developing a finite element model that used either a force applied to the sound sensor or the far field of a point source to represent the acoustic pressure. However, both approaches failed to adequately explain experimental observations. In this thesis, a compact model is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics finite-element code to represent the incident plane sound wave, with a perfectly matched layer (PML) and radiation condition to eliminate sound energy reflection from the outer boundary. The model was used to simulate the response of the sensor as a function of incident direction of the sound wave. The amplitude response of the sensor's bending frequency demonstrated a cosine dependence on the angle of incidence of the incoming sound wave. However...

Fusion center privacy policies : does one size fit all?

Harper, Jennifer L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 97 p. : ill. ;
Português
CHDS State/Local; The 9/11 Commission Report states, "The choice between security and liberty is a false choice, as nothing is more likely to endanger America's liberties than the success of a terrorist attack at home. Our history has shown us that insecurity threatens liberty. Yet, if our liberties are curtailed, we lose the values that we are struggling to defend." This thesis will explore privacy policies from established fusion centers, federal guidance and civil liberty advocate statements on privacy, civil liberty infringement and the sharing of information in and outside of fusion centers. Recommendations are provided for the State of New Hampshire's information and Analysis Center as the basis for developing a privacy and civil liberty policy framework that maintains the integrity of the information, protects citizens' rights, and achieves the mission of the center.; Bioterrorism Coordinator, New Hampshire Homeland Secutity and Emergency Management (USA) author (civilian).

The origins and strategic objectives of the Al Qaeda organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM); The origins and strategic objectives of the Al-Qaeda organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).

Hajji, Khalifa.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 85 p. : maps ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; In 2007, the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) emerged after the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) aligned itself with Al-Qaeda. This development captured the world's attention and led several scholars and policymakers to ask the question: Why did this merger take place and what does it say about the motivations of GSPC? This research investigates three hypotheses: (1) This merger is merely an ideological one without operational implications; (2) this merger is ideological, operational, and logistical; or (3) this merger is merely a rebranding of a failing organization that needed to survive and, therefore, is not a genuine threat to the United States and its European allies. Exploring the evolution of Algerian Islamism, from the rise of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) and the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) to the GSPC and AQIM, this study concludes that hypothesis 3 is the best explanation of the merger between GSPC and Al-Qaeda.; Tunesian Air Force author.

A comparative analysis between the Navy Standard Workweek and the actual work/rest patterns of sailors aboard U.S. Navy frigates

Green, Kim Y.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 99 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Crew fatigue is a major factor in mishaps aboard ships. Despite empirical evidence that fewer personnel and longer working hours are primary factors of crew fatigue, U.S. Navy budgeting constraints and increased automation on ships has resulted in reduced manning onboard Navy vessels. This study expands research by Haynes (2007) and Mason (2009) comparing the Navy Standard Workweek (NSWW) Model to Sailors' self-reported activities onboard U.S. Navy destroyers and cruisers. Research by both Haynes (2007) and Mason (2009) showed that a majority of Sailors worked longer hours and received less sleep than allotted in the NSWW model. The objective of this study was to determine if similar patterns would exist onboard U.S. Navy frigates. Results indicated that 61% of the participants exceeded the 81 hours of Available Time (work) allotted by the NSWW. On average, Sailors in this current study, excluding officers, worked 20.24 hours more per week than in the NSWW, while sleeping 8.98 fewer hours per week than in the NSWW. Results suggest that the NSWW does not accurately reflect Sailors' work/rest patterns onboard ships.; US Navy (USN) author.

A penny for your thoughts, a nickel for your heart the influence of the Commander's Emergency Response Program on insurgency

Gorkowski, Justin B.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 131 p. : ill., col. maps ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Since 2002, $3 9 billion and $4 6.7 billion have been appropriated to Afghanistan and Iraq for reconstruction spending. The dollar amounts suggest that reconstruction is important in post-conflict environments, but how important is it really? Some military commanders have interestingly noticed a relationship between the insurgency and reconstruction spending, specifically with the Commander's Emergency Response Program (CERP). In post-conflict environments, CERP reconstruction efforts can be applied in such a manner that they contribute to the diffusion of the incubation and growth of insurgencies. This research is focused on determining how the CERP program can be used to influence insurgency through a Social Movement Theoretical framework. There are two primary purposes: to determine if CERP has historically influenced the security environment in any measureable way and to develop a model comprised of those components (needs, deserve and message resonance) that could plausibly be argued to have an effect on violence and determine which components most significantly influence insurgency. The model is tested on the At Tameem province of Iraq. The results depict that commanders have not used CERP to influence the insurgency in Iraq...

U.S. Marine specific software interoperability requirements of the AFATDS and IOS software suites

Thome, Geoffrey D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 133 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The Marine Corps has several Tactical Combat Systems at the Infantry Division level and below. The Information-Operations Server Version 1 (IOS v. 1) is a command and control (C2) system with a client-server architecture that when networked offers the Common Operational Picture (COP). The client is called Command and Control Personal Computer (C2PC). IOS was designed primarily to support maneuver, and has its roots in the Navy's Joint Maritime Command Information System (JMCIS). C2PC has been fielded to all Battalion and Squadron level and higher units in the Marine Corps, while IOS resides in Regimental and higher units. The Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS), originally designed by the Army, is the Marine fire support C2 System of Record. Current AFATDS software is tightly coupled to a particular hardware platform. AFATDS is currently being fielded to all units in the Fleet Marine forces. There are several problems with having two stand-alone C2 systems inside the same Combat Operations Center (COC). Among the most pressing problems is the inability for fires to support maneuver without tedious and dangerous manual conversion of data between systems. This thesis explores the software requirements for tactical systems integration of AFATDS and IOS.; Major...

Operational Detachment-Bravo an in-depth analysis of the ODB's advisory role in support of FID/COIN operations

Smith, Dirk H.; Brinker, Kirk E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 65 p. : maps (some color) ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; U.S. Special Forces (USSF), with its structure and training, has historically led and will continue to lead, FID endeavors for the U.S. DoD. Within USSF, Operational Detachment "B"s (ODB) have served, and will continue to, serve as both a command and control (C2) and an advisory element to ensure that USSF FID supports HN COIN strategies. This thesis will refer to the combined effort as "FID/COIN," although FID and COIN are separate missions under the U.S. military's IW construct. Given that FID/COIN will be the primary operational role of USSF for the next decade, coupled with the fact that ODBs function as the organizational entity responsible for synchronizing advisory efforts from the tactical to the operational level of warfare, this thesis will examine ODB employment, both past and present, to inform the reader on the ODB's potential to contribute in FID/COIN operations. This thesis uses USSF doctrine and case studies from four distinctly different FID/COIN operations in: the Republic of Vietnam (RVN), Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Republic of the Philippines (RP) to inform the reader on the ODB's operational advisory capability with indigenous forces and local/regional government leaders at a level nested above its subordinate Detachment "A"s (ODA).; Major...

An analysis of the United States Marine Corps' Family of Ballistic Protective Systems Acquisition Strategy

Freeby, Jason S.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 49 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Recent congressional and media inquiries have highlighted questions regarding the protection provided to today's Marine Corps. The purpose of this research is to analyze the current Family of Ballistic Protective Systems (FBPS) Acquisition Strategy of the United States Marine Corps. The FBPS consists of individual protective items such as ballistic vests, individual armor plating, helmets, and eye and ear protection. Currently, the Marine Corps adheres to the (Department of Defense) DoD policy to use one-year appropriations to finance the procurement and sustainment of these items. Critics of the policy believe a separate three-year appropriation specific to the acquisition of these individual components better serves the customer and the acquisition process delineated in the DoD Instructions. The research examined current government regulations, policy environment, and acquisition precedents. Additionally, the research compared a previous FBPS acquisition to a theoretical procurement under three year appropriations. The research determined that the three-year obligation period of procurement funding better serves the acquisition process. Furthermore, three-year appropriations provide a better value for the Marine Corps in terms of cost savings and a better product. Finally...

Airlift operations modeling using Discrete Event Simulation (DES)

Foong, Yew Chong
Fonte: Monterey, California; Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California; Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 149 p. : ill.
Português
The recently completed integrated project by the Systems Engineering and Analysis Cohort 15 at NPS has devised a regional Maritime Theater Security Force to conduct Phase Zero operations based on a tasking from OPNAV N8F. The force's airlift capability was identified as a critical component in the accomplishment of the missions and the required force structure was determined using a mix of mathematical and linear optimization modeling. The goal for this thesis is to develop a stochastic model using Discrete Event Simulation (DES) that can be employed to analyze the devised force structure's airlift operation performance at the operational/tactical level to augment the analysis work performed under that project. The intent is to provide a more complete solution for any stakeholders who want to take the project further to the next level. The resulting model demonstrates the ability to measure the airlift operation performance and provide insights into the operation workflow efficiency. The experiments conducted support the earlier findings on the devised Phase Zero force's ability to meet the most stringent mission requirements but suggested a different maximum airlift capability.; Singapore Defence Science and Technology Agency author (civilian).

A pulsed power system design using lithium-ion batteries and one charger per battery

Filler, Frank E.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 82 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; The work documented in this thesis realizes a small-scale implementation of a Battery Management System (BMS) that has the charging, storage, and discharge capabilities to meet scaled down requirements of a pulsed power system. Further, this work establishes a flexible battery research and testing capability resident at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). The designed architecture will provide this flexibility by providing the capability to change charging methodologies and types of batteries with only a change of the FPGA software. The BMS design uses lithium-ion batteries as the energy storage medium and uses one charger per battery for maximum charging flexibility. In order to meet a pulsed power system's requirements, the BMS performs three functions: charging lithium-ion batteries, storing energy for the pulsed power application in lithium-ion batteries, and discharging the energy in pulses to simulate the requirements of a pulse power system. To perform these three functions the BMS has several elements to include the power source, the charger, the batteries, the FPGA controller, and the discharge mechanism. The design and construction of the BMS and these individual elements will be explored in detail in this thesis.; US Marine Corps (USMC) author.

Anticipating the TBI-related Health Care Needs of Women Veterans following the Department of Defense Change in Combat Assignment Policy; Implications for VHA post DOD Policy Change

Amara, Jomana; Iverson, Katherine M.; Krengel, Maxine; Pogoda, Terri K.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
This paper is based on work supported by the Office of Research and Development, Health Services R&D Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, through SDR 08-405. The opinions expressed in this article are the authors’ and do not reflect those of the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Veterans Health Administration, Health Services R&D, the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center or the Department of Defense.; Female service members' presence in combat zones during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) is unprecedented both in terms of the number of women deployed and the nature of their involvement during deployment (Street, Vogt, & Dutra, 2009). Currently, women represent a larger proportion of U.S. military forces than ever before, comprising 10% to 20% of forces deployed in support of OEF/OIF, equaling nearly 300,000 deployed female troops from 2003 to 2013 (Burrelli, 2013; National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics, 2010). In future U.S. military operations, female involvement in combat zones is likely to increase following the January 2013 Department of Defense (DOD) decision lifting the official ban on women in combat and combat units (Bumiller & Shanker, 2013).

Estimating the cost of care

Hendricks, Ann; Krengel, Maxine; Iverson, Katherine M.; Kimerling, Rachel; Tun, Carlos; Amara, Jomana; Lew, Henry L.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Português
Chapter 13, Part 4. "Estimating the Costs of Care" from PTSD and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Edited by Jennifer J. Vasterling, Richard A. Bryant, Terence M. Keane (2012); Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important public health concern in the United States, particularly as service members return home from the combat operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, and other locations in service of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) and Operation New Dawn (OND). According to the U.S. House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, more than 2 million service members have served at least one tour of duty (U.S. House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, March 18, 2010). Longer deployments and more redeployments place considerable strain on health care systems in terms of care for military personnel with mild TBI (mTBI), as well as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Graduate School of Business & Public Policy (GSBPP) Newsletter / May 2003

Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Newsletter
Português
This edition of the BPP Newsletter is the last to be issued under the editorship of Professor Shu Liao. As everyone knows, Shu has held the position of Associate Dean for Research and Stuff. (We added the "and Stuff" last year to recognize the broad contribution that Shu makes to our School.) Shu's term as ADR&S has ended and he has requested not to be reappointed since he's got his sights set on retirement later this year. We'll celebrate Shu's twenty-five year career at NPS when he does retire. At this moment, however, it's appropriate to acknowledge the service Shu has provided to BPP as Associate Dean. Here's his history: Associate Dean for Research, BPP, 2001-March 2003; Associate Chair for Research, Department of Systems Management, 2000; Associate Chair for Systems Development, Department of Systems Management, 1994-1999; Associate Chair for Systems Development, Department of Administrative Sciences, 1990-1993; Associate Chair for Research, Department of Administrative Sciences, 1985-1989. While he established his own reputation as the leading scholar in his field, he mentored other faculty, facilitated research funding opportunities, encouraged and supported faculty research, managed the paperwork to track and report faculty research to NPS...

GSBPP in the news

Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
News from the Naval Postgraduate School's GSBPP.

GSBPP Overview

Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
The Graduate School of Business & Public Policy is responsible for academic programs designed to educate officers and DoD civilian employees in a variety of functional management specialties. About 250 resident students are enrolled in various Master's degree curricula at any point in time. The school offers resident graduate programs and non-resident graduate programs using on-site instructions or latest VTE technology.

Analysis of the Ship Operations Model's Accuracy in Predicting U.S. Naval Ship Operating Cost

Hascall, Andrew; Gantt, Kyle
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Conrad Essay; The cost of operating Navy ships is difficult to determine, but extremely impor-tant to accurately predict. Under-funding in this area could result in the deferral of equipment replacement and spare parts replenishment/consumption, ultimately reducing the Navy’s current level of readiness. Over-funding could hinder the Navy’s efforts to recapitalize assets in order to meet future threats. As the quote above underscores, the Navy is determined to more accurately predict resource needs in order to fully fund re-capitalization efforts.

Leasing versus purchasing lessons learned from CINCPACFLT's lease of Dell informaiton technology

Koczur, Christopher J.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Essay
Português
Conrad Essay; On June 30, 1999 Fleet Industrial Supply Center Norfolk, Detachment Philadelphia (hereafter referred to as FISC) received a requirement from Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet1 (CINCPACFLT) for the acquisition of information technology (IT) equipment in order to support Year 2000 (Y2K) remediation efforts. Because FISC had previously established Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPAs) with several computer firms during previous IT equipment purchases, CINCPACFLT asked FISC to execute a similar arrangement for their IT acquisitions. CINCPACFLT desired to use FISC’s significant experience and knowledge in IT BPA contracts. The timeline between requirements generation and delivery was compressed because CINCPACFLT needed all of the equipment in place throughout the CINCPACFLT area of responsibility (AOR) before 31 December 1999. Additionally, CINCPACFLT informed FISC that they did not have Other Procurement, Navy (OPN) funds available for purchasing IT equipment. However, CINCPACFLT did have sufficient Operations and Maintenance (O&M) funds to lease the needed IT equipment. Within these major constraints, CINCPACFLT and FISC executed three lease contracts: one for ashore-based commands (hereafter called the ashore lease)...

Effects of ice-albedo feedback on global climate change

Chu, Peter C.; Chen, Yuchun; Lu, Shihua
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Conference Proceedings
Português
Polar Processes in Global Climate, American Meteorological Society; The ice-albedo feedback has been considered an important factor of discussion in the global climate change. It is based on the hypothesis that changes in surface albedo associated with changes in snow and ice cover as a result of temperature change might cause a significant positive feedback on climate change (e.g., Croll 1875). As climate warms, snow and ice cover will decrease, leading to a decrease in surface albedo, an increase in the absorption of solar radiation at the Earth's surface, and consequent further warming. This air-ocean feedback has been proved to be quite important...

Hydrodynamics of falling mine in water column

Chu, Peter C.; Flescher, Peter; Gilles, Anthony; Fan, Chenwu
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Conference Proceedings
Português
Fifth International Symposium on Technology and Mine Problem, Society for Counter-Ordnance Technology, Monterey, in CD-Rom; The hydrodynamic features of a falling mine into the water column is investigated experimentally. The experiment consisted of dropping three cylindrical model mines of various lengths into a pool where the trajectories were filmed from two angles. The controlled parameters were, mine parameters (length to diameter ratio, center of mass location), and initial conditions (initial velocity, and drop angle). Results indicate that center of mass position has the largest influence on the mines' trajectory and that accurate trajectory modeling requires the inclusion of both momentum and moment equations. A statistical-dynamic model has been established to predict the trajectories of the falling mines.