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A Naval Postgraduate School em Monterey, na Califórnia, é uma escola de Pós-Graduação que pertence à Marinha dos Estados Unidos.

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The dynamic between national identity and foreign policy in Turkey

Bullen, William Joseph
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 85 p. : col. ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Recently, Turkey's foreign policy has undergone some considerable changes. In order to understand why this has occurred, and where Turkey's foreign policy will likely go in the future, one must examine Turkey's national identity. Today, Turkey's dominant national identity reflects a blend between modern, secular, and western customs with traditional Ottoman and Islamic culture: a "neo-Ottoman" identity. This synthesis of traditional and modern identities grew out of the 1980s and was solidified when the Justice and Development party (AKP), a secular party with strong roots in political Islam, was elected in 2002 and then re-elected twice with the largest plurality. This revisiting of Ottoman-Islamic culture is reflected in Turkey's foreign policy. Now that Turkey has shifted back to a greater comfort in its Ottoman-Islamic identity, it has reopened better relations with the Muslim world, which significantly differs from Turkey's foreign policy prior to 2002. While Turkey will continue solid relations with the west, it will only do so as long as it is in Ankara's own interest.; US Navy (USN) author.

Making the case what is the problem with targeted killing?

Ramirez, Robert.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 93 p. : col. ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; What is the problem with targeted killing? The problem is not simply the legal and moral grounds for the policy, nor the tactical implementation of the policy. Rather, the problem is that current research does not convincingly articulate the causal relationships of a targeted killing program. In this thesis, we propose a six-step methodology with an embedded robust analytic framework for determining those relationships and, ultimately, the effectiveness of targeted killing. By analyzing Israel's program during the Second Intifada, this thesis demonstrates a causal understanding of whether targeted killing is efficacious. While we ultimately conclude that targeted killing was not effective during the Second Intifada, our analysis provides insight into the effectiveness of targeted killing-findings that can be used by a state to determine whether the costs of targeted killing are worth bearing.; US Navy (USN) authors.

F-22 versus UCAV fixing today's deficiencies leaves questions about tomorrow's dominance

Beales, Brian O.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 77 p. : col. ill. ;
Português
This thesis evaluates the U.S. government's decision to end F-22 production and shift procurement focus toward firstgeneration Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV). Over the last eight years since September 11, 2001, the U.S. military has been in a constant asymmetric battle with violent extremists. UCAVs, like the MQ-1 and MQ-9, have provided a persistent air power presence and have grown in popularity because of their low cost and versatility. At the same time, the F-22 has seen no direct combat action, and has been characterized by cost overruns and significantly overwhelming capabilities. The question becomes has this shift in procurement to solve irregular warfare deficiencies today introduced issues concerning tomorrows dominance for the USAF? The evaluation of this decision involves three subareas that provide a necessary foundation to answer the main research questions: the global defense-spending environment; analysis of manned versus unmanned flight including cost implications; and an aircraft effectiveness comparison across a broad threat spectrum. While it is apparent that UCAVs are less expensive and able to provide a persistent presence in today's threat environment, the decision to shut down production of the F- 22 decreases the USAF's ability to defend the Homeland against a full spectrum of potential threats.; US Air Force (USAF) author.

On public opinion in time of war

Anthony, Brian S.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 95 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Is public support for military intervention as susceptible to mounting casualties and other costs as many in the media, government leaders, and scholars believe when the conflicts become prolonged? During such conflicts, how does public opinion affect presidential decision making? At first glance, it seems that changes in presidential policy are influenced by public opinion, but further research indicates that presidents' concerns about public opinion and approval do not always cause changes in their policies. This is due to continued public support for sustained war efforts, despite increasing casualties and other costs of war.; US Navy (USN) author.

Land ownership and migration impact on the Muslim secessionist conflict in the Southern Philippines

Aquino, Reynaldo M.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 75 p. : col. maps. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; The secessionist conflict in southern Philippines erupted in the 1970s to assert Muslim self-determination and establish a Bangsamoro state. Despite the government's peace efforts, the conflict persisted for more than four decades, causing instability and hindering progress in the region. For centuries, Muslim sultanates had dominated and ruled Mindanao and Sulu based on Islamic laws and practices. However, colonization and post-colonial influence significantly altered the Muslims' distinct identity as a dominant ethno-religious group of people. Notwithstanding strong Muslim resistance, colonial and post-colonial rule prevailed and eventually transformed the Muslims into the minoritized group in Mindanao. This study looked into the impact of colonial and post-colonial land ownership and migration policies on the rise of Muslim secessionist conflict, and found that Muslims were discriminated against, marginalized, and dispossessed of their ancestral lands and domination in Mindanao. Muslim resentments and grievances that developed over time fueled the rise of the contemporary secessionist conflict in Mindanao. Moro ancestral domain and territory were vital and contentious issues in the efforts to settle the secessionist conflict. Deeper understanding of the complexities of this problem is a key to attaining a viable solution for a lasting settlement of the Muslim conflict in Mindanao.; Philippine Army author.

State-space modeling, system identification and control of a 4th order rotational mechanical system

Anderson, Jeremiah P.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xxii, 93 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; In this thesis, a 4th order rotational mechanical plant provided by Educational Control Products is modeled from first principles and represented in state-space form. Identification of the state-space parameters was accomplished using the parameter estimation function in Matlab's System Identification Toolbox utilizing experimental input/output data. The identified model was then constructed in Simulink and the accuracy of the identified model parameters was studied. The open loop stability of the plant, as well as its controllability and observability were analyzed to determine the applicability of a pole placement control strategy. Based on the results of this analysis, a full state variable feedback controller was investigated to place the system's poles such that a rotational disk would perfectly track a step angle input with less than five percent overshoot and have less than a one second settling time, with no steady-state error. A refinement of this controller, to include an observer to estimate the system states, was also investigated. Finally, the results of this work are summarized and presented as a series of laboratories applicable to a course in state-space design.; US Navy (USN) author.

Regional joint border commands : a pathway to improving collaboration and effectiveness for border control

Carr, Alan.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 83 p. : ill. , col. maps ;
Português
CHDS State/Local; Control of the U.S. border is a primary concern for the Department of Homeland Security. Three of the department's components have major roles in providing border security and control. With increasing costs and constantly changing threats, it is vital that all border organizations work together collaboratively. This thesis looks at two new ideas, border regionalization and joint regional border commands, and compares them with current efforts to increase collaboration. By establishing border regions, DHS can use threat based planning in each region to allow all border control components to focus on threats specific to their region while also increasing the level effectiveness of resources. Joint regional border commands offer even greater advantages in collaboration between components and resource usage. The DoD model for regional combatant commands is used as an example of how DHS can take advantage of the lessons learned with this recommendation.; Lead Management & Program Analyst, US Customs and Border Protection, Washington, D.C. author (civilian).

Changing the story the role of the narrative in the success or failure of terrorist groups

Mellen, Brian C.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 61 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; This thesis focuses on the nexus between a terrorist group's narrative and the group's success or failure in achieving its strategic goals. This work theorizes that the interaction of competing narratives exerts a systematic impact on the ability of the terrorist group to achieve its strategic goals through the influence that the narratives have over a group's members, the group's adversary, and the affected population. Although a terrorist group with a good narrative can be defeated, a terrorist group with a weak narrative is much less likely to win. Consequently, in order for a terrorist group to improve its chances of prevailing, it needs a strong narrative. While issues like material shortfalls, the repressiveness of state security services, and changing demographics could contribute to the demise of a terrorist group, these factors also serve to demonstrate how difficult it is for a terrorist group with a weak narrative to generate enough support to overcome these deficits. Since narratives are not fixed, each side may choose to change their narrative in order to accurately address changing circumstances. Changes could follow shifts in policy, appointment of new leadership...

An examination of the human factors attitudes and knowledge of Surface Warfare Officers

Carter-Trahan, Alicia C.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 71 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the attitudes and knowledge of Surface Warfare Officers (SWOs) regarding human factors issues that have been identified as causal to mishaps in high-risk organizations. Attitudes to the human factors that are critical for safety were assessed using a 36-item survey (116 responses) based upon the naval aviation version of the cockpit management attitudes questionnaire (CMAQ). No effects were found in the attitudes of respondents based upon experience, type of ship on which they had last served, or whether they had attended the Navy's Bridge Resource Management training (BRM; human factors training designed to improve safety and performance). Human factors knowledge was evaluated using a 10-item multiple choice test. No effects were found in the knowledge of the 116 respondents based upon the type of ship on which they had last served, or whether they had attended BRM training. However, a significant effect of experience was found. On the basis of these findings, recommendations are made on how the effectiveness of the Navy's BRM program could be improved.; US Navy (USN) author.

Unraveling the Georgian knot the United States, Russia, and Georgia and the new "Great Game" in the Caucasus

Carlsson, C. Tim.
Fonte: Monterey, California; Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California; Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 77 p. : col. maps
Português
The most recent manifestation of a new "Great Game," or a resurgence of interest in the geopolitical competition taking place in the Caucasus, occurred in August 2008 when Russia invaded and occupied parts of the Republic of Georgia. Russia's invasion, the first use of force outside its territory since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, has forced a reassessment of U.S. and NATO strategy toward Russia and its relationship with the Republic of Georgia. The United States and NATO have yet to develop a new strategy that balances their enlargement policy of supporting Georgian sovereignty and independence with concerns about growing Russian security interests in the region. The main purpose of this thesis is to examine Georgia's national security dilemmas and explain the principal components of U.S. engagement policies designed to manage its strategic predicament. This thesis examines whether these engagement policies contribute to U.S. and NATO interests, bring greater stability to the region, and enhance European security. The study also analyzes how U.S. engagement in Georgia affects Georgian and Russian interests and explores the implications for U.S.-Russian relations in terms of a new "Great Game" of geopolitical competition in the region.; US Army (USA) author.

Advanced research into imaging of moving targets

Carroll, Christopher S.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 59 p. : col. ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Radar imaging is an area of tremendous interest as radar-based systems are perhaps the only all-weather, long range remote sensing systems. However, radar's continued utility and application in wide-ranging areas is fundamentally dependent on the ability to produce high-quality, artifact-free imagery. To date, the use of radar to identify and image moving objects remains of great interest. It is well known that motion in the scene gives rise to mispositioning or streaking when target motion is not properly addressed. Many techniques have been developed to handle moving objects, but these techniques typically make use of the start-stop approximation, in which a target in motion is assumed to be momentarily stationary while it is being interrogated by a radar pulse. A new linearized imaging theory that combines the spatial, temporal and spectral aspects of scattered waves has been developed. This thesis studies the performance of this new imaging scheme. It also shows that the behavior of the imaging system is dependent on the aperture geometry and choice of radar waveforms transmitted.; US Navy (USN) author.

Peer Production in the U.S. Navy enlisting Coase's Penguin

Koszarek, William E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 141 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; D, and ship construction.; US Navy (USN) author.

Population and resource control measures a conceptual framework for understanding and implementation

Klosinski, Vance J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 55 p. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; An important component of any counterinsurgency (COIN) campaign is the successful use of population and resource control measures. If utilized correctly, PRCMs are powerful operational tools that can be used to break the cycle of insurgent violence and establish the security necessary for all other COIN campaign initiatives. This thesis draws from literatures on social movement theory and COIN to develop a framework that would assist COIN force commanders to better select and implement the appropriate PRCMs for success in their areas of operations. The thesis argues for developing a comprehensive PRCM plan across the U.S. military's operational spectrum (strategic/operational/tactical) and for factoring in the nature of the local environment and local concepts of legitimacy before proceeding.; Outstanding Thesis; US Army (USA) author.

Use of USCG differential GPS beyond nominal range; Use of United States Coast Guard differential Global Positioning System beyond nominal range

Valascho, Daniel W.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 105 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ;
Português
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited; The United States Coast Guard makes Differential GPS available to all maritime vessels in US coastal and inland waters to ensure 10 meter (2drms) horizontal accuracy. The Coast Guard guarantees this accuracy if the maritime user is within nominal range of the beacon transmitter. Maritime user's can often receive the differential correction beyond the nominal range, but the accuracy begins to degrade as baseline distance increases. After gathering differential corrections from varying distances, at different times of the day, at different latitudes, and different signal strengths, operational statistics have been calculated to describe the Differential GPS accuracy beyond the USCG's nominal range.; Lieutenant, United States Navy

The implications of the People's Liberation Army's modernization for the Republic of Korea's security policy

Kim, Sangmin.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 83 p. ;
Português
South Korean security has been threatened by North Korea since the Korean War. The collapse of the Soviet Union has required Northeast Asian regional security to be reconfigured. North Korea remains as South Korea's primary threat. China is emerging rapidly and creating several issues directly and indirectly that are related to South Korea. Especially, China's PLA modernization has been remarkable in its capability and ambition. Therefore, threats imposed by China to South Korea may seem significant. Directly, dispute in Socotra Rock and the Northeast Project impose threats to South Korea. The Taiwan issue and the South China Sea dispute indirectly affect South Korean security due to the involvement of the United States forces in the Northeast Asian region. This thesis will reveal that China's PLA modernization coerces South Korea to confront dilemmas in its security policy. In other words, such modernization is a threat to South Korean security.; Republic of Korea Navy author.

A clash of military traditions meritocracy, modernization, and neo-traditional challenges to United States Foreign Internal Defense (FID) policy

Keller, Derek R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 61 p. : ill. ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; In the decades before, and with greater intensity since 1945, the United States of America engaged in numerous "nation-building" efforts around the world, the focus of which was the creation, or the strengthening, of national military establishments in alliedstates. With the passage of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act in 1986, Foreign Internal Defense (FID) became a legislatively directed activity of the Special Operations Forces of the U.S. Army. Since 1986, FID has been formally defined by the U.S. Department of the Army as the "participation by civilian and military agencies of a government in any of the action programs taken by another government or other designated organization to free and protect its society from subversion, lawlessness, and insurgency" (DA FM 3-05.202, 2007, p. 1). This thesis provides an examination of the effectiveness of the U.S. Army's FID. It argues that FID, or what can also be characterized as foreign army building, has failed more often than it has succeeded. Furthermore, this failure is primarily a result of a clash of military traditions between the U.S advisors conducting FID and the recipient military establishments. Under these circumstances...

Battle of wills accepting stalemate in internal wars

Kaperak, Mark A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 87 p. : ill., col. maps ;
Português
This thesis examines contributing causes of protracted internal conflicts and recommends ways of overcoming the cycle of war that seems to perpetuate in some countries. Through an analysis of three cases of prolonged internal wars, in the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Colombia, I test two hypotheses and attempt to gain a better understanding of how internal wars become stagnated, protracted, or stuck in a cycle of conflict that does not seem likely to end. A central government's proximity to the violence in an internal war and, to a lesser degree, desensitization to violence over the course of decades of conflict, both contribute to protraction in some internal wars. Political will and the motivations behind political will become deciding factors in the outcome of internal conflicts. Effectively managing the resolve to end a conflict, enhancing government legitimacy, and proportionately employing all of a government's resources are necessary conditions for a state to overcome the protracted war problem.; US Army (USA) author. record updated by aq 09/22/2010.

The role of airpower in irregular warfare for the 21st century

Huebert, Kevin D.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 61 p. : ill., maps ;
Português
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Throughout the history of warfare, the use of non-traditional soldiers, weapons and tactics to counter the conventional military has become increasingly important. Our enemies in the 21st century rely upon unconventional and irregular methods of warfare to attack the United States. To counter this threat, the U.S. Air Force must ensure the right mix of aircraft to protect America from attack. What is the role of airpower in this new era of conflict? These roles will be defined through case studies in both unconventional warfare (UW) and counterinsurgency (COIN). I will argue that despite the capabilities of the current Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) fleet of aircraft, it lacks the capability to successfully engage in UW and COIN throughout the globe. The current attack and mobility fleet is too large for a majority of the world's airfields, and is too expensive (required infrastructure to support such aircraft) to transfer to partner nations. I recommend AFSOC acquire additional light attack, light mobility, light utility and rotary wing aircraft to meet the 21st century requirements of irregular warfare.; US Air Force (USAF) author.

The impact of emotional arousal on learning in virtual environments

Ulate, Stephen O.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 88 p. : ill. (some col.) ;
Português
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Research on animals has shown that injections of adrenalin paired with a learning experience improved memory retention. Adrenalin is a key hormone in emotional arousal and fight or flight responses. It stands to reason that emotional arousal (in moderation) may also have a positive impact on human learning. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the impact of emotional arousal on learning in virtual environments. An experiment was conducted to observe learning differences in a low-arousal condition and a high-arousal condition. A first-person shooter videogame (America's Army: Operations) was used as the virtual environment. In the low-arousal condition, participants wandered peacefully through a scenario memorizing objects they encountered. High-arousal participants wandered through the same environment, but were required to fight through the scenario while under attack. Results indicated that individuals in the high-arousal condition performed better on recall tasks immediately following the exposure and also 24 hours later.; Lieutenant, United States Navy

Making the nation safe in the twenty-first century

Heck, Brenda L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 77 p. : ill. ;
Português
CHDS State/Local; This thesis addresses how the United States' national security system better protects the nation given that twenty-first century threats are borderless, adaptive, and complex. To best respond to these new and ever changing threats, the United States security system needs the ability to quickly translate covert intelligence into law enforcement action, creating both a proactive and reactive response to twenty-first century threats. This paper proposes the following recommendations to make the nation safe: 1) combine domestic intelligence and law enforcement functions and formally create a national security organization-the FBI; 2) create a new national security doctrine which defines national security, domestic security, domestic intelligence, law enforcement, and homeland security for the twenty-first century; and 3) change the mindset and culture of the current national security players so as to transform the system into a megacommunity. It is acknowledged that it will take time to achieve these recommendations, as it has taken decades to build the walls of today's national security system. Within these walls lie individual stove-piped agencies that compete as opposed to being a community of networked...