Página 1 dos resultados de 6752 itens digitais encontrados em 0.090 segundos

Desigualdades no uso e acesso aos serviços de saúde entre idosos do município de São Paulo; Inequalities in access to health care services and utilization for the elderly in São Paulo, Brazil; Desigualdades en el uso y acceso a los servicios de salud entre ancianos del municipio de São Paulo

LOUVISON, Marília Cristina Prado; LEBRÃO, Maria Lúcia; DUARTE, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira; SANTOS, Jair Lício Ferreira; MALIK, Ana Maria; ALMEIDA, Eurivaldo Sampaio de
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.59725%
OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores relacionados à determinação e às desigualdades no acesso e uso dos serviços de saúde por idosos. MÉTODOS: Estudo integrante do Projeto Saúde, Bem-estar e Envelhecimento (SABE), no qual foram entrevistados 2.143 indivíduos com 60 anos ou mais no município de São Paulo, SP, em 2000. A amostra foi obtida em dois estágios, utilizando-se setores censitários com reposição, probabilidade proporcional à população e complementação da amostra de pessoas de 75 anos. Foi mensurado o uso de serviços hospitalares e ambulatoriais nos quatro meses anteriores à entrevista, relacionando-os com fatores de capacidade, necessidade e predisposição (renda total, escolaridade, seguro saúde, morbidade referida, auto-percepção, sexo e idade). O método estatístico utilizado foi regressão logística multivariada. RESULTADOS: Dos entrevistados, 4,7% referiram ter utilizado a internação hospitalar e 64,4% o atendimento ambulatorial. Dos atendimentos ambulatoriais em serviço público, 24,7% ocorreram em hospital e 24,1% em serviço ambulatorial; dentre os que ocorreram em serviços privados, 14,5% foram em hospital e 33,7% em clínicas. Pela análise multivariada, observou-se associação entre a utilização de serviços e sexo...

Desigualdades no uso e acesso aos serviços de saúde entre a população idosa do município de São Paulo ; Inequalities in use and access to health care services among the elderly population in São Paulo.

Louvison, Marilia Cristina Prado
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/08/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.6103%
Objetivos: Este estudo é parte do Projeto Saúde, Bem-estar e Envelhecimento (SABE), com o objetivo de identificar as desigualdades no acesso e uso de serviços de saúde entre idosos no município de São Paulo, Brasil. Métodos: Em 2000, foram entrevistados, 2143 indivíduos com 60 anos ou mais, utilizando-se o questionário padronizado do SABE. A amostra foi obtida em dois estágios, utilizando-se setores censitários com reposição, probabilidade proporcional à população e complementação da amostra de pessoas de 75 anos. Os dados finais foram ponderados, de forma a serem expandidos. Foi mensurado o uso de serviços hospitalares (internações) e ambulatoriais (consultas médicas) nos últimos quatro meses e o não uso de serviços de saúde (mesmo precisando), relacionando-os com fatores de capacidade, necessidade e predisposição (renda total, escolaridade, seguro saúde, morbidade referida, auto-percepção, sexo e idade). Resultados: A proporção dos entrevistados que referiu ter utilizado algum serviço de saúde, nos últimos quatro meses, foi de 4,7 por cento com relação à internação hospitalar e 64, 4 por cento com referência ao atendimento ambulatorial. Dos atendimentos ambulatoriais, 24,7 por cento ocorreu em hospital público e 24...

Medo, ansiedade e dor de dente em adolescentes: impacto na qualidade de vida, na saúde bucal e no acesso aos serviços de saúde; Fear, anxiety and dental pain in adolescents: impact on quality of life, oral health and access to health services

Carvalho, Fábio Silva de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.55672%
O medo e a ansiedade odontológica estão frequentemente associados a experiências traumáticas ocorridas no ambiente odontológico durante a infância. A dor de dente parece ser o problema de saúde bucal de maior impacto sobre o bemestar dos indivíduos, interferindo diretamente na qualidade de vida, pois provoca desordens no sono, diminuição do rendimento no trabalho, faltas escolares e dificuldades na alimentação. Além disso, tem sido identificada como forte preditor de restrição ao acesso aos serviços de saúde bucal, bem como importante elemento no planejamento dos serviços de saúde. O presente estudo teve como objetivos verificar a prevalência e intensidade do medo, da ansiedade e da dor de dente em adolescentes e estimar o impacto dessas variáveis na qualidade de vida, na saúde bucal e no acesso aos serviços de saúde. A amostra foi composta por 101 adolescentes, matriculados na única escola estadual do município de Reginópolis- SP. Foram aplicados cinco questionários para verificar a prevalência e intensidade do medo (Dental Fear Survey), da ansiedade (Modified Dental Anxiety Scale) e da dor de dente, além de verificar o impacto na qualidade de vida (Oral Health Impact Profile, OHIP-14) e o acesso aos serviços de saúde. Para avaliar as condições de saúde bucal foram utilizados os índices CPOD (cárie dentária) e CPI (doença periodontal). O teste de Mann-Whitney foi usado para verificar as diferenças entre os grupos (idade...

Desigualdades no acesso aos serviços de saúde : o caso dos cuidados primários; Inequalities in access to health services: the case of primary care

Martins, Soraia Maria da Rocha Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.3768%
Dissertação de mestrado em Economia Social; O trabalho apresentado tem como objetivo o estudo das desigualdades no acesso aos cuidados de saúde, em particular aos cuidados de saúde primários. Estes representam o primeiro contacto dos utentes com os serviços de saúde. Apesar da evolução significativa da esperança de vida da população portuguesa e da diminuição da taxa de mortalidade ao longo dos últimos anos, as dificuldades em aceder a determinados cuidados de saúde em Portugalainda persistem. Neste sentido realizamos uma análise teórica sobre o conceito de cuidados primários e acesso aos serviços de saúde. Foram também alvo de análise as dimensões do acesso, mencionadas pelos diversos autores e diferentes estudos já publicados. Para a concretização do estudo empírico, foi utilizado um conjunto de variáveis quantitativas recolhidas pela Administração Central do Sistema de Saúde, sendo que o principal objetivo desta investigação consistiu em perceber se as variáveis em análise permitem, ou não, concluir sobre a existência de desigualdades no acesso aos cuidados primários. Para tal, socorremo-nos de um conjunto de “testes/procedimentos estatísticos”. A análise realizada pemite-nos concluir que existem desigualdades no acesso aos cuidados de saúde primários ao nível regional...

Support networks and people with physical disabilities: social inclusion and access to health services

Holanda,Cristina Marques de Almeida; Andrade,Fabienne Louise Juvêncio Paes de; Bezerra,Maria Aparecida; Nascimento,João Paulo da Silva; Neves,Robson da Fonseca; Alves,Simone Bezerra; Ribeiro,Kátia Suely Queiroz Silva
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
128.17293%
This study seeks to identify the formation of social support networks of people with physical disabilities, and how these networks can help facilitate access to health services and promote social inclusion. It is a cross-sectional study, with data collected via a form applied to physically disabled persons over eighteen years of age registered with the Family Health Teams of the municipal district of João Pessoa in the state of Paraíba. It was observed that the support networks of these individuals predominantly consist of family members (parents, siblings, children, spouses) and people outside the family (friends and neighbors). However, 50% of the interviewees declared that they could not count on any support from outside the family. It was observed that the support network contributes to access to the services and participation in social groups. However, reduced social inclusion was detected, due to locomotion difficulties, this being the main barrier to social interaction. Among those individuals who began to interact in society, the part played by social support was fundamental.

Trade in Health Services : What’s in it for Developing Countries?

Cattaneo, Olivier
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.50893%
This study summarizes the existing knowledge and relevant abstracts and case-studies on the design of health and/or trade reforms and policies. The study aims to contribute to the understanding of the potential benefits and risks - and ways to maximize the former and minimize the latter - of trade in the health sector. It is designed for non-trade (health) experts to understand how trade can help to improve health systems and access to health services, and for trade specialists to understand the specific characteristics of the health sector.

The Political Economy of Health Services Provision and Access in Brazil

Mushfiq Mobarak, Ahmed; Rajkumar, Andrew Sunil; Cropper, Maureen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.67315%
The authors examine the impact of local politics and government structure on the allocation of publicly subsidized (SUS) health services across municipios (counties) in Brazil, and on the probability that uninsured individuals who require medical attention actually receive access to those health services. Using data from the 1998 PNAD survey they demonstrate that higher per capita levels of SUS doctors, nurses, and clinic rooms increase the probability that an uninsured individual gains access to health services when he, or she seeks it. The authors find that an increase in income inequality, an increase in the percentage of the population that votes, and an increase in the percentage of votes going to left-leaning candidates are each associated with higher levels of public health services. The per capita provision of doctors, nurses, and clinics is also greater in counties with a popular local leader, and in counties where the county mayor and state governor are politically aligned. Administrative decentralization of health services to the county decreases provision levels, and reduces access to services by the uninsured, unless it is accompanied by good local governance.

Equity, Access to Health Care Services and Expenditures on Health in Nicaragua

Angel-Urdinola, Diego; Cortez, Rafael; Tanabe, Kimie
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.75162%
Nicaragua has embarked on an ambitious health sector program, which has contributed to significant progress in the health sector over the past decade. Health indicators show gradual but steady improvements: access to basic services such as clean water and sanitation facilities has improved, as have other related performance indicators such as life expectancy, infant/child mortality, immunization rates, and child nutrition among others. Despite these achievements, there are still large inequities in access and quality of health services across socioeconomic groups and regions. Poor individuals living in rural areas (especially in the Central and Atlantic regions), the indigenous population, and individuals living in households engaged in agriculture have average access to health care services and preventive care. The lack of risk mitigation mechanisms such as insurance and social security is causing users in Nicaragua to spend, out-of-pocket, a significant share of their income on health care, especially to buy medications and other non-consultation items such as medical tests. Long distances...

Universal Health Coverage and the Challenge of Informal Employment : Lessons from Developing Countries

Bitran, Ricardo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.66374%
The aim of the report is to review existing approaches and available policy options to improve access to health care services and financial protection against health shocks for informal-sector workers (ISWs). Along with their families, ISWs represent the majority of the population in many developing countries. The report reviews the definition and measurement of the informal sector and the literature on efforts toward its health insurance coverage. It also examines several country cases based on published and unpublished reports and on structured interviews of expert informants. Developing country efforts to expand health coverage are characterized by a common enrollment and financing pattern, starting with formal-sector workers and following with government-subsidized enrollment of the poor. Thus, ISWs are typically left behind and have been referred to as "the missing middle." They find themselves financially unprotected against health shocks and with limited access to quality and timely health care. ISWs are generally reluctant to enroll in insurance schemes...

Arab Republic of Egypt - Inequality of Opportunity in Access to Basic Services among Egyptian Children

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.69635%
Egypt's children and youth, representing more than one-third of the country´s population and its future, face several significant challenges, as shown by higher child poverty rates and unequal access to basic services. The objective of this report is three-fold: (i) to analyze the extent of inequality of opportunity among Egyptian children; (ii) to inform government policy on how success in life is influenced by factors predetermined at birth; and (iii) to identify policies and interventions that may contribute to improving equality of opportunity. The underlying premise is that ensuring equality of opportunity entails leveling the playing field in such a way that every child, regardless of the circumstances of his/her birth, will have an equal chance to succeed in life. This report analyzes the extent of provision of equal access to basic opportunities to all children (including healthcare, education, clean water and sanitation), and identifies the main circumstances that affect it and therefore determine human development outcomes. The analysis in this report builds on the concepts and ideas developed in the World Development Report (WDR). The findings are aimed at supporting debates and discussions...

Tajikistan : Health Sector Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Health Sector Review; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.56469%
Tajikistan still faces enormous challenges in reversing years of economic decline and political turmoil in addressing the health needs of the population. This report provides a synthesis of the recent trends on the health status of the population and the underlying determinants of health, and the performance of the health system in terms of quality and access to health services. This is followed by a review of Government policies and programs on health reform in the context of its Poverty Reduction Strategy Program, and concludes with a set of recommendations on policies and actions for achieving these objectives. A short-term strategy addressing Tajikistan's urgent public health needs is presented alongside a second, medium-term to longer-term strategy directed at the systemic reforms needed to develop an effective, equitable, and sustainable health system. These recommendations are centered on health financing reform; restructuring of the health delivery system; integration of public health, personal health, and community health services; and strengthening information systems for monitoring and evaluating the impact of the reform policies and programs.

Health Insurance Handbook : How to Make It Work

Wang, Hong; Switlick, Kimberly; Ortiz, Christine; Zurita, Beatriz; Connor, Catherine
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.67306%
Many countries that subscribe to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have committed to ensuring access to basic health services for their citizens. Health insurance has been considered and promoted as the major financing mechanism to improve access to health services, as well as to provide financial risk protection. In Africa, several countries have already spent scarce time, money, and effort on health insurance initiatives. Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, and Tanzania are just a few of them. However, many of these schemes, both public and private, cover only a small proportion of the population, with the poor less likely to be covered. In fact, unless carefully designed to be pro-poor, health insurance can widen inequity as higher income groups are more likely to be insured and use health care services, taking advantage of their insurance coverage. The purpose of this handbook is to provide policy makers and health insurance designers with practical, action-oriented support that will deepen their understanding of health insurance concepts...

Kenya : Reaching the Poor through the Private Sector, A Network Model for Expanding Access to Reproductive Health Services

Montagu, Dominic; Prata, Ndola; Campbell, Martha M.; Walsh, Julia; Orero, Salomon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.57963%
This study, carried out in the summer of 2003, measured the effectiveness of a Kenyan program dedicated to increasing the availability of reproductive health services to the poor through training and networking of private medical providers. The Kisumu Medical and Educational Trust (KMET) program focuses on family planning services and encourages providers to add these services to the normal range of consultations, commodity sales, and clinical care they already provide. The central question addressed in this study is whether it is possible to offer reproductive health services through a network of private sector, for-profit providers without exacerbating inequity in access to these services.. The study also looked at a pool of potential clients of KMET members to evaluate which wealth group benefits from the subsidy given to private providers through KMET. And finally, an analysis of actual KMET clients was used to better understand the program's success in providing quality reproductive health care.

Expanding Health Coverage for Vulnerable Groups in India

Nagpal, Somil
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.56838%
India's health sector continues to be challenged by overall low levels of public financing, entrenched accountability issues in the public delivery system, and the persistent dominance of out-of-pocket spending. In this context, this case study describes three recent initiatives introduced by the central and state governments in India, aimed at addressing some of these challenges and improving the availability of and access to health services, particularly for the poor and vulnerable groups in the country. This includes two federal schemes introduced by the Government of India-the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) of the Ministry of Labor and Employment-and the Rajiv Aarogyasri scheme launched by the state government of Andhra Pradesh. The three schemes discussed in this case study were designed and implemented by different agencies almost in parallel, over the same time period, and used different financing and delivery approaches. A discussion of the mechanics and operational features of these programs has been undertaken to unravel the underlying complexities, interactions, and interdependencies of these programs within the country's health system. The remainder of this case study on India's march toward universal health coverage focuses on three recent...

Improving Access to Health Care Services through the Expansion of Coverage Program : The Case of Guatemala

Lao Pena, Christine
Fonte: World Bank, Washington DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
118.78459%
Since the signing of the 1996 Peace Accords, Guatemala has made efforts to establish economic and political stability, and to improve its social indicators. The country's Constitution states that access to health care is a basic right of all Guatemalans. In practice, however, it has been challenging for the Government of Guatemala to guarantee this right using public facilities. As a result, it has been trying to improve access to health services using both Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MOH) facilities and staff, and alternative health service providers, particularly nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). This case study reviews the experience implementing the Expansion of Coverage Program (Programa de Extension de Cobertura, PEC) that was established by the Government of Guatemala in 1997 to improve coverage of health and nutrition services to poor, rural, and largely indigenous areas by contracting NGOs. It describes its origins; its package of services; contracting, financing, monitoring, and supervision mechanisms; and its contributions to improving access and strengthening primary health care services in Guatemala. It also discusses opportunities and challenges that need to be addressed to continue to improve health services coverage in the country.

Living conditions and access to health services by Bolivian immigrants in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Silveira,Cássio; Carneiro Junior,Nivaldo; Ribeiro,Manoel Carlos Sampaio de Almeida; Barata,Rita de Cássia Barradas
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.38191%
Bolivian immigrants in Brazil experience serious social problems: precarious work conditions, lack of documents and insufficient access to health services. The study aimed to investigate inequalities in living conditions and access to health services among Bolivian immigrants living in the central area of São Paulo, Brazil, using a cross-sectional design and semi-structured interviews with 183 adults. According to the data, the immigrants tend to remain in Brazil, thus resulting in an aging process in the group. Per capita income increases the longer the immigrants stay in the country. The majority have secondary schooling. Work status does not vary according to time since arrival in Brazil. The immigrants work and live in garment sweatshops and speak their original languages. Social networks are based on ties with family and friends. Access to health services shows increasing inclusion in primary care. The authors conclude that the immigrants' social exclusion is decreasing due to greater access to documentation, work (although precarious), and the supply of health services from the public primary care system.

Equitable access to health services for children aged 5 to 9 in a medium city of northeasth of Brazil: a result of Family Health Strategy

Santiago,Adriana Xavier de; Barreto,Ivana Cristina de Holanda Cunha; Sucupira,Ana Cecília Silveira Lins; Lima,José Wellington de Oliveira; Andrade,Luiz Odorico Monteiro de
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.55312%
INTRODUCTION: The Brazilian National Health System may reduce inequalities in access to health services through strategies that can reach those most in need with no access to care services. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with the use of health service by children aged 5 to 9 years in the city of Sobral, Ceará, northeastern Brazil. RESULTS: Only 558 (17.0%) children used health care services in the 30 days preceding this survey. Children with any health condition (OR = 3.90) who were frequent attenders of primary care strategy of organization (the Family Health Strategy, FHS) (OR = 1.81) and living in the city's urban area (OR = 1.51) were more likely to use health services. Almost 80% of children used FHS as their referral care service. Children from poorer families and with easier access to services were more likely to be FHS users. CONCLUSION: The study showed that access to health services has been relatively equitable through the FHS, a point of entry to the local health system.

Desigualdades no uso e acesso aos serviços de saúde entre idosos do município de São Paulo; Desigualdades en el uso y acceso a los servicios de salud entre ancianos del municipio de São Paulo; Inequalities in access to health care services and utilization for the elderly in São Paulo, Brazil

Louvison, Marília Cristina Prado; Lebrão, Maria Lúcia; Duarte, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira; Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira; Malik, Ana Maria; Almeida, Eurivaldo Sampaio de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.59725%
OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores relacionados à determinação e às desigualdades no acesso e uso dos serviços de saúde por idosos. MÉTODOS: Estudo integrante do Projeto Saúde, Bem-estar e Envelhecimento (SABE), no qual foram entrevistados 2.143 indivíduos com 60 anos ou mais no município de São Paulo, SP, em 2000. A amostra foi obtida em dois estágios, utilizando-se setores censitários com reposição, probabilidade proporcional à população e complementação da amostra de pessoas de 75 anos. Foi mensurado o uso de serviços hospitalares e ambulatoriais nos quatro meses anteriores à entrevista, relacionando-os com fatores de capacidade, necessidade e predisposição (renda total, escolaridade, seguro saúde, morbidade referida, auto-percepção, sexo e idade). O método estatístico utilizado foi regressão logística multivariada. RESULTADOS: Dos entrevistados, 4,7% referiram ter utilizado a internação hospitalar e 64,4% o atendimento ambulatorial. Dos atendimentos ambulatoriais em serviço público, 24,7% ocorreram em hospital e 24,1% em serviço ambulatorial; dentre os que ocorreram em serviços privados, 14,5% foram em hospital e 33,7% em clínicas. Pela análise multivariada, observou-se associação entre a utilização de serviços e sexo...

Fatores associados ao acesso anterior à gestação a serviços de saúde por adolescentes gestantes; Factores asociados con el acceso anterior a la gestación a los servicios de salud por adolescentes gestantes; Factors associated with access to health services prior to pregnancy by pregnant adolescents

Carvacho, Ingrid Espejo; Mello, Maeve Brito de; Morais, Sirlei Siani; Silva, João Luiz Pinto e
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.44266%
OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores determinantes do acesso de adolescentes gestantes a serviços de atenção primária à saúde, anterior à ocorrência da gestação. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal baseado em referencial teórico. O acesso a serviços foi analisado em cinco dimensões: geográfico, econômico, administrativo, psicossocial e de informação. Participaram 200 adolescentes primigestas (10 a 19 anos) atendidas em uma unidade básica de saúde do município de Indaiatuba (SP), em 2003. Um questionário com perguntas abertas e fechadas referentes ao acesso ao último serviço de saúde utilizado, anterior à gestação, foi aplicado às participantes no momento de sua primeira consulta de pré-natal. Os dados foram analisados por meio do teste de qui-quadrado de Pearson ou exato de Fisher e por regressão logística múltipla, considerando as cinco dimensões de acesso. RESULTADOS: Mais da metade (63,7%) das adolescentes utilizou algum serviço de saúde para consulta ginecológica. Entre as que nunca consultaram um ginecologista, as justificativas dadas foram falta de informação (43,8%) ou sentimento de medo ou vergonha (37,0%). A principal dificuldade de acesso ao serviço esteve relacionada a barreiras psicossociais, identificadas por 77...

Living conditions and access to health services by Bolivian immigrants in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Silveira,Cássio; Carneiro Junior,Nivaldo; Ribeiro,Manoel Carlos Sampaio de Almeida; Barata,Rita de Cássia Barradas
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
108.38191%
Bolivian immigrants in Brazil experience serious social problems: precarious work conditions, lack of documents and insufficient access to health services. The study aimed to investigate inequalities in living conditions and access to health services among Bolivian immigrants living in the central area of São Paulo, Brazil, using a cross-sectional design and semi-structured interviews with 183 adults. According to the data, the immigrants tend to remain in Brazil, thus resulting in an aging process in the group. Per capita income increases the longer the immigrants stay in the country. The majority have secondary schooling. Work status does not vary according to time since arrival in Brazil. The immigrants work and live in garment sweatshops and speak their original languages. Social networks are based on ties with family and friends. Access to health services shows increasing inclusion in primary care. The authors conclude that the immigrants' social exclusion is decreasing due to greater access to documentation, work (although precarious), and the supply of health services from the public primary care system.