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Documentos convencionais e não convencionais em administração, ciências contábeis e economia: estudo sobre sua utilização pelos alunos de graduação; The use of conventional and non conventional bibliography in administration, accounting and economics: a research with undergraduate students

CORTES, Pedro Luiz; POBLACION, Dinah Aguiar
Fonte: ESCOLA CIENCIA INFORM UFMG Publicador: ESCOLA CIENCIA INFORM UFMG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
The recommended bibliographical references for the development of scientific research are those published by scientific journals. In spite of this recommendation, the use of non conventional documents by undergraduate students has been increasing. This paper, developed as a survey with 145 students of Administration, Accounting and Economics, characterizes the use these documents and analyzes teaching strategies supported in the use of non conventional documents.

Mudanças na contabilidade gerencial de uma organização: estudo de caso com diagnóstico institucional; Management accounting change in a organization: case study with institutional diagnostic

Zan, Adriano
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/04/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
Vários casos, na literatura científica, relataram resistências e dificuldades na implantação de mudanças, de novos sistemas ou de novos artefatos, especialmente na Contabilidade Gerencial. Os recursos investidos nas mudanças são determinantes no desejo organizacional de sucesso, no entanto isso nem sempre ocorre. A identificação dos fatores que podem contribuir para a formação de um diagnóstico para as mudanças na Contabilidade Gerencial de uma organização foi efetuada através de um enfoque institucional. Dois autores foram basilares na estruturação do construto, pois argumentam que as organizações respondem aos estímulos de mudança de maneira distinta e a natureza dos processos institucionais pode permitir que se compreenda, ao menos em parte, o comportamento das organizações frente às pressões por mudanças. Dois artefatos de Contabilidade Gerencial foram abordados sob a ótica institucional: a implantação do custo-padrão e o processo de orçamento. O custo-padrão foi o artefato objeto da mudança, a empresa estudada não o utilizava na comparação do real versus orçado. Um outro aspecto que o estudo de caso revelou: a possível influência da restrita divulgação do custo-padrão, acessível a poucos decisores. O segundo artefato de Contabilidade Gerencial...

Evolução das práticas contábeis no Brasil nos últimos 30 anos: da Lei 6.404/76 à Lei 11.638/07; The evolution of the accounting practices in Brazil in the last thirty years: from Law nº 6.404/76 to Law nº 11.638/07

Geron, Cecilia Moraes Santostaso
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/10/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
A normatização da contabilidade no Brasil tem origem não só na Lei nº 6.404/76, que define as regras contábeis para as Sociedades por Ações, mas também na legislação fiscal, por meio do Regulamento do Imposto de Renda, pelas Instruções, Deliberações, Ofícios Circulares e outros documentos da Comissão de Valores Mobiliários - CVM, pelas Normas Brasileiras de Contabilidade emitidas pelo Conselho Federal de Contabilidade e, até mesmo, pelo Novo Código Civil. Além desse conjunto de órgãos normatizadores, existem ainda as regras ditadas por agências federais reguladoras como a Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações (ANATEL) e a Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (ANEEL), por exemplo, não se esquecendo do Banco Central do Brasil, que tem poderes para definir regras para as instituições financeiras. Mais recentemente foi criado o Comitê de Pronunciamentos Contábeis (CPC), com o objetivo de centralizar a emissão de Pronunciamentos na área contábil que poderão ser adotados pelos diversos órgãos normatizadores. E, finalmente, em dezembro de 2007, a Lei nº 11.638 alterou substancialmente a Lei nº 6.404/76 em suas disposições de natureza contábil. Nesse cenário de tantos órgãos normatizadores, os diversos Pronunciamentos e Normas produzidos não são iguais entre si quando tratam de um mesmo assunto e...

A influência do discurso no processo de mudança da contabilidade gerencial: um estudo de caso sob o enfoque da teoria institucional; The influence of discourse in the change process in management accounting: a case study under the focus of the institutional theory

Reis, Luciano Gomes dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/11/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
No atual ambiente corporativo, a implementação de mudanças organizacionais tornou-se um fato freqüente. Nesse processo de mudanças, o discurso organizacional presente nos textos produzidos pela alta administração, que constituem o discurso formal, acaba expressando pensamentos nem sempre aceitos sem questionamentos por todos os gestores da organização, dificultando o processo de mudança. A presença de discursos menos coerentes ou de discursos que competem com o discurso organizacional pode dificultar ou mesmo comprometer a eficácia do processo de mudança. Esta tese defende que, na ocorrência de um processo de mudança da Contabilidade Gerencial numa organização, o discurso influencia os níveis de institucionalização de novos conceitos que se desejam implementados. Para realizar o estudo a respeito dessa influência, utilizou-se de uma abordagem da Teoria Institucional, sob o enfoque da Velha Economia Institucional, usando-se como arcabouço teórico o modelo proposto por Burns e Scapens (2000), com ênfase nos estágios de codificação e institucionalização, bem como o modelo discursivo de institucionalização proposto por Phillips et al. (2004). O método de pesquisa aplicado foi o estudo de caso único, realizado na Caixa Econômica Federal...

As práticas contabilísticas e de relato financeiro na Companhia Real dos Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses (1860-1910)

Silva, Paula Adriana Ferreri de Gusmão e
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
Dissertação de mestrado em Contabilidade; Este trabalho tem como objetivo principal analisar a documentação da Companhia Real dos Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses, de modo a evidenciar as suas práticas contabilísticas e de relato financeiro, no período compreendido entre 1860, ano da sua criação, e 1910, ano em ocorre a primeira mudança de nome da Companhia. Baseado em fontes de arquivo, este estudo adota a teoria institucional como quadro teórico, tendo como pressuposto o facto de as práticas contabilísticas e de relato financeiro serem influenciadas por pressões provenientes da regulação estatal e da relação com outras entidades (DiMaggio e Powell, 1983) e que estas práticas e outros procedimentos são entendidas pelos atores organizacionais como as “melhores práticas” e que são propagadas pelas diferentes organizações como de uma “moda” se tratasse. A Companhia Real desenvolvia neste período, simultaneamente, a atividade de construção das linhas ferroviárias e a atividade de exploração das mesmas. Assim, a organização e escrituração da contabilidade tinha por base planos de contas específicos para cada uma das atividades. Os relatórios de contas do Conselho de Administração forneciam informações detalhadas sobre a evolução e desempenho da atividade da empresa e incluíam documentos contabilísticos...

Republic of Tunisia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
This report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting, and auditing requirements and practices within the enterprise and financial sectors in Tunisia. The analysis of practices is based among others on the review of a sample of 16 financial statements prepared in accordance with Tunisian accounting standards, including 6 listed enterprise sector companies, 3 listed credit institutions and 3 insurance undertakings (of which 2 are listed). The assessment uses International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), International Standards on Auditing (ISA), and the relevant portions of European Union (EU) law (also known as the acquis communautaire) as benchmarks and draws on international experience and good practices in the field of accounting and audit regulation. As Tunisia deepens its partnership with the EU and becomes more integrated in the world market, the country monitors the development of the acquis communautaire and enacts legislation that draws upon it. This report recommends changes to law and regulations to align the statutory framework with evolving internationally accepted practices. As the new regulations come into force, priorities will then turn toward building the monitoring, supervisory, and disciplinary regimes necessary to ensure effective compliance.

Serbia and Montenegro - Republic of Serbia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
This Report provides an assessment of accounting and auditing standards and practices in Serbia. It uses International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks, and draws on good practices in the field of accounting and audit regulation to assess the quality of financial information and make policy recommendations. It highlights significant weaknesses in the quality of financial information, which are detrimental to sustainable economic growth and may allow systemic risks to perpetuate. Further, it highlights significant shortcomings in the legal and regulatory framework and stresses that addressing those should be a priority for Serbia in order to create a robust legal foundation for the provision of reliable financial information to market participants. Moreover, this Report demonstrates that legal requirements and competence alone are not enough - the commitment to deploy such competence is also essential. Market forces provide certain positive incentives to comply with high standards, but experience in Serbia (and developed economies) suggests that countervailing disincentives operate to discourage such compliance. More emphasis should be placed on the deterrent incentives of robust monitoring and enforcement regimes to achieve a full and balanced combination of capacity and incentives. The recommendations of this Report are mutually supportive in some obvious ways and require a holistic...

Slovakia : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Slovak financial accountability systems are strongly influenced by the Communist past but must meet the needs of a European future. Fortunately, Slovakia has the benefit of laws and institutions pre-dating communism, easing the transition from one system to the other. Past influences are still strong: centralization, strong controls, and a uniform system of accounting based on a chart of accounts. In the future, Slovakia will need improved public financial management, fiscal decentralization, a more competitive economy, an effective capital market, and harmonization of standards with those of the European Union. A good start has been made on many fronts. But there is still tension between the culture of control and a more flexible policy based on standards, quality performance, accountability, and competition. Among the specific, required financial management actions, the report recommends ratifying the European Convention on money laundering, establishing a public procurement office and procurement monitoring procedures...

Business Environment and Cost of Doing Business

Hussain, Abid Abrar; Mir, Aized H.; Durrani, Amer Z.; Zaidi, Hasan A.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
The objective of the Pakistan Infrastructure Implementation Capacity Assessment (PIICA) study was to identify and ascertain the extent to which certain complex and dysfunctional business processes in fact contribute to the overall delays caused in completion of infrastructure projects. The primary focus was to understand and document the business processes relating to the life cycle of infrastructure projects, especially processes that involve an interface with external agencies. The study was further extended to assess the resultant impact of the delays caused on overall capacity, efficiency, and costs of the project. The study identifies areas that contain business processes and which relative to other processes in the life cycle of a project are disproportionate, or a cause of significant time delays in completion of such projects. Such disproportionate business processes that are unpredictable and vary greatly from the planned time or inputs are areas that can be the focus for selective and further analysis...

Republic of Tajikistan : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
This report describes the results of a ROSC assessment of the accounting, financial reporting and auditing requirements and practices of the Republic of Tajikistan's enterprise and financial sectors. The report assesses the quality of the Tajik financial reporting framework and makes policy recommendations for improvement. With a gross national income per capita of US$430, Tajikistan remains the poorest country in the former Soviet Union. Despite various reforms over the past several years, the business climate still lags behind other transition countries. Many of the country's problems stem from the 1992-1997 civil war, which so damaged the country's economic infrastructure that it precipitated a sharp decline in industrial and agricultural production. Although there has been moderate domestic growth since 1997, real output is currently just over 50 percent of the 1989 level. The Republic of Tajikistan's small financial system is dominated by a few banks. The level of financial activity is among the lowest in the world...

The Republic of Uzbekistan : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
This report describes the results of an assessment of the accounting, financial reporting and auditing requirements and practices of the Republic of Uzbekistan's enterprise and financial sectors. The report uses, inter alia, International Accounting Standards (IAS), International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks, and draws on international experience and good practices in the field of accounting and audit regulation, to assess the quality of Uzbek financial information and make policy recommendations

The Russia Corporate Governance Manual : Part VI. Annexes, Model Corporate Governance Documents

International Finance Corporation; U.S. Department of Commerce
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
The Russia corporate governance manual has been divided into and is published in six parts: (i) corporate governance introduced; (ii) good board practices; (iii) shareholder rights; (iv) information disclosure and transparency; (v) special focus section; and (vi) annexes model corporate governance documents. The first four parts contain chapters that focus on core corporate governance issues, such as a company's board structure, information disclosure practices, and shareholder rights. Part five focuses on corporate governance issues of particular importance in the Russian context, namely corporate governance concerns during a company's reorganization, within holding structures, and relating to enforcement. Part six, finally, offers practical tools in the form of model documents, for example company codes, by-laws, and contracts. All issues are closely examined through Russian law and regulations; the Federal Commission for the Securities Market's Code of Corporate Conduct (FCSM Code) Code and, when applicable...

Gambia : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
In the Gambia, effective public financial management is promoted through a reasonably sound budget framework. However, there are a number of serious weaknesses, which create a high level of fiduciary risk. (Appendix 1 of this report.) Fiduciary risk means here that there is a risk that resources are not accounted for properly, that they are not used for intended purposes and that expenditure does not represent value for money. There are also risks associated with the governance environment. These weaknesses include poor resource allocation, non-compliance, limited execution, inadequate monitoring and scrutiny, insufficient capacity, lack of enforcement, non-transparency, and poor parliamentary oversight. The Government's pledge to strengthen governance needs to be translated into measures to address these weaknesses. This report recommends the following recommendations for providing evidence that significant progress has been made towards the fundamental benchmarks in public financial management: 1) Strengthen linkages between policies and budget expenditures through updating sectoral public expenditure reviews (PERs) for education...

Haiti : A Review of Accounting and Audit Practices; Haiti - Une Revue des Pratiques Comptables et d'Audit en Haiti : rapport sur l'Application des Normes et Codes (ROSC)

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
This report analyzes corporate financial reporting and auditing practices in Haiti. It supports the Government's efforts to: (a) improve financial sector stability and development; (b) encourage a business climate conducive to private investment and local companies' access to credit and long-term finance; and (c) enhance the governance and accountability of public enterprises. For the purpose of this study, the benchmarks that have been used include the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the International Standards on Auditing (ISA). The report also draws on international experience and good practice in accounting and auditing, particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean. The main focus of the review is the institutional framework and professional environment that underpin private sector accounting and audit practices.

Argentina - Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) : Accounting and Auditing; Argentina - lnforme Sobre El Cumplimiento de Normas y Codigos (ROSC) : Contabilidad y Auditoria

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Insolvency Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
Strengthening corporate financial reporting is important for Argentina, as the country seeks to foster confidence in the local business community in order to stimulate investments, both local and foreign. In addition, strong corporate accounting practices enable local banks and financial institutions to monitor adequately their businesses risks, credit and otherwise, which is essential at a time when the Argentine banking sector emerges from the crisis triggered by the events of December 2001. Sound accounting and auditing is therefore essential to the stability of Argentina's banking sector. This report analyzes Argentina's corporate financial reporting and auditing practices with a view to supporting the Government's strategy to: (a) improve the investment climate for Argentine companies; (b) foster trade competitiveness by aligning the standards of reporting and governance with practices that are prevalent among the country's main trading partners; and (c) ensure greater transparency in both the private and public sectors. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)...

Georgia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
This report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting and auditing requirements and practices within the enterprise and financial sectors in Georgia. The report uses International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), International Standards on Auditing (ISA) and draws on international experience and good practices in the field of accounting and audit regulation, including in European Union (EU) Member States, to assess the quality of financial information and make policy recommendations. The financial sector in Georgia is growing rapidly but remains largely underdeveloped, partly due to the lack of funding from local deposits and limited access to funding from foreign financial institutions. This report focuses on the principal reason for continuing with further reforms; specifically, on the benefits that the proposed reforms will bring to Georgia and its citizens. In this context, this report sketches policy recommendations to enhance the quality of corporate financial reporting and foster a financial reporting platform conducive to sustainable private and financial sector growth...

FYR Macedonia: Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
This report is on institutional arrangements for observing the International Accounting Standards (IAS) and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia). The current Trade Company Law requires all entities to comply with a translated 1999 volume of IAS. The Government is currently preparing a new Trade Company Law and has taken proactive steps to update the translation of IAS, which is expected to resolve existing deficiencies. In practice, compliance with IAS is not effectively enforced. Most of the financial statements reviewed by the ROSC team were of such poor quality as to preclude investors and other users from judging whether a company's securities were a sound investment; nor could the documents be relied on for other decision-making purposes. This report recommends that public interest entities be required to use IAS. It also recommends that small- and medium-size enterprises be allowed to use a reporting framework more adapted to their size. This report also recommends strengthening accounting standards enforcement mechanisms in order to enhance compliance with the law and provide investors and other users of financial statements with reliable financial reporting. Furthermore...

Slavery Service Accounting Practices in Brazil: A Bibliographic and Document Analysis

Silva,Adriana Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade, Departamento de Contabilidade e Atuária Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade, Departamento de Contabilidade e Atuária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
This study focuses on the social and economic aspects and institutional relationships that determined a unique pattern of inequality. We aim to examine the particular role of accounting as a practice used to dehumanize an entire class of people. The primary purpose of this study is not to examine slavery's profitability but rather to identify how accounting practices served slavery. A qualitative research method is applied in this study. Regarding technical procedures, this study makes use of bibliographic and documentary sources. For the purpose of this investigation, and in accordance with bibliographic and documentary research methods, we analyze scientific articles, books and documents from the Brazilian National Archive, the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute and the Brazilian National Library Foundation. In light of what was discovered through the study's development, we can consider accounting as a tool that is more active than passive and, therefore, as a tool that was used to support the slave regime. In essence, accounting was used to convert a human's qualitative attributes into a limited number of categories (age, gender, race), through which slaves were differentiated and monetized to facilitate commercial trafficking. We believe that accounting practices facilitated slave trading...

PPt of the Proposed MS in Accounting Program (for Conversion) and Proposal Documents (Approved 5-8-2014)

Hornak, Joseph (Graduate Council Chair)
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
PPt and Documents of the Proposed MS in Accounting Program for Conversion - Approved 5-8-2014

O uso de documentos eletrônicos na contabilidade

Pasa, Eduardo Cesar
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
O objetivo deste artigo é tecer algumas considerações a respeito dos documentos eletrônicos utilizados na contabilidade das empresas. O artigo inclui uma rápida descrição de como esta matéria vem sendo tratada por alguns órgãos normatizadores e instituições dos Estados Unidos da América. Também, o artigo pretende conceituar e verificar os fundamentos dos documentos, dos documentos eletrônicos e, por fim, dos documentos contábeis. Neste sentido, foram verificados alguns dispositivos legais que amparam o uso deste tipo de documento, bem como a situação de alguns projetos de leis que disciplinam esta matéria. Os resultados mostram um momento de transição, coerente com a mudança de paradigmas que está ocorrendo na chamada nova economia. Também revelam alguns problemas, tais como a falta de legislação específica que dê suporte ao uso dos documentos eletrônicos na contabilidade.; The main objective of this article is to elaborate some thoughts on electronic documents used in corporate accounting. This article is a quick summary of how electronic documents have been treated by corporate regulatory agencies in the USA.The article also intends to create concepts and verify the foundations of the documents, that is...