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Modelagem matemática como ferramenta para elaboração de planos de ação emergencial.; Mathematical modeling as a tool for developing emergency action plans.

Macedo, Elisa Patricio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2013 Português
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56.06%
O tema segurança de barragens vem adquirindo destaque no cenário brasileiro. Isso se deu tendo em vista os acidentes ocorridos e a recente lei n° 12.334, aprovada em setembro de 2010, que estabeleceu normas e padrões. Desta maneira, os empreendedores voltaram sua atenção para esse tema, resultando em uma grande demanda de ferramentas que possibilitem a adequação de suas barragens à legislação. Esse estudo, então, tem como objetivo apresentar e avaliar um sistema de composição de modelos matemáticos que podem ser utilizados na elaboração dos Planos de Ação Emergencial (PAE). O estudo apresenta uma breve revisão sobre o tema segurança de barragens, identificando quais produtos devem ser buscados por meio da utilização dos modelos. Quanto à composição de modelos, tem-se, inicialmente, o modelo de previsão de precipitação que fornece os dados para o modelo hidrológico sendo que este, por sua vez, fornece dados para o hidrodinâmico. Neste último estão incluídos também o modelo de formação da brecha e o cálculo de routing dos reservatórios. Com os resultados de nível dágua, as manchas de inundação são traçadas com o auxílio dos modelos digitais de terreno (MDT). Os aplicativos utilizados em cada modelo foram o ETA no modelo de previsão de precipitação...

Action plans and municipal noise reduction plans in Portugal

Cecília Rocha; Antonio Carvalho
Fonte: Universidade do Porto Publicador: Universidade do Porto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
In 2006, following the European Directive 2002/49/CE, the Portuguese government adjusted its legal framework regarding noise, issuing the decree-law n. 146/2006, introducing a new noise indicator (Lden) and period (evening). These two main changes implied the revision of the Portuguese Noise Code and, in January 2007, was approved the third Portuguese noise code (decree-law n.º 9/2007). These two pieces of legislation defined urban forms of occupancy, such as: Mixed Zone, Sensible Zone, Sensible Receivers, Dense Urban Areas and Quiet Areas within or outside city limits for which were settled noise limits regarding two periods of a day: den (daytime-evening-night) and night. In addition, enforced the importance of territorial planning instruments to prevent noise annoyance (noise maps and noise conflict maps) and the need to reduce noise levels wherever they exceeded the established limits (action plans and city noise reduction plans). This paper analyses the development of Portuguese Guidelines for these two noise reduction plans, namely, legal framework, completion deadlines, minimum conflict limits, cost-benefit analysis and the associated administrative and technical procedures. Two cases studies indicative of the median Portuguese cities...

Analysis of action plans and coping plans for reducing salt consumption among women with hypertension

Agondi,Rúbia de Freitas; Gallani,Maria Cecília Bueno Jayme; Cornélio,Marilia Estevam; Rodrigues,Roberta Cunha Matheus
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
This cross-sectional study, based in implementation intention theory, describes action plans developed by women with hypertension (n=49) to add no more than 4g of salt per day to food and to reduce consumption of salty foods, as well as describing the barriers perceived and the coping strategies adopted for putting the action plans into practice. The plans were categorized according to similarities and were submitted to frequency analysis. The majority of the action and coping plans had to do with the effectuation of the behavior involving adding up to 4g of salt per day per person to food. The action strategies were aimed at quantifying the salt added, and the main obstacles were related to the reduced palatability of the food made with less salt. The coping plans have to do with preparing foods separately and to using natural seasonings instead of salt. This data can help the nurse to design activities for clinical education, with a view to reducing salt consumption among patients who prepare their own food.

Written action plans for asthma: an evidence-based review of the key components

Gibson, P; Powell, H
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2004 Português
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46.23%
Background: Written action plans for asthma facilitate the early detection and treatment of an asthma exacerbation. Several versions of action plans have been published but the key components have not been determined. A study was undertaken to determine the impact of individual components of written action plans on asthma health outcomes.

Creating community action plans for obesity prevention using the ANGELO (Analysis Grid for Elements Linked to Obesity) Framework

Simmons, A.; Mavoa, H. M.; Bell, A. C.; De Courten, M.; Schaaf, D.; Schultz, J.; Swinburn, B. A.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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46.32%
Community-based interventions are an important component of obesity prevention efforts. The literature provides little guidance on priority-setting for obesity prevention in communities, especially for socially and culturally diverse populations. This paper reports on the process of developing prioritized, community-participatory action plans for obesity prevention projects in children and adolescents using the ANGELO (Analysis Grid for Elements Linked to Obesity) Framework. We combined stakeholder engagement processes, the ANGELO Framework (scans for environmental barriers, targeted behaviours, gaps in skills and knowledge) and workshops with key stakeholders to create action plans for six diverse obesity prevention projects in Australia (n = 3), New Zealand, Fiji and Tonga from 2002 to 2005. Some sites included sociocultural contextual analyses in the environmental scans. Target groups were under-5-year-olds (Australia), 4–12-year-olds (Australia) and 13–18-year-olds (all four countries). Over 120 potential behavioural, knowledge, skill and environmental elements were identified for prioritization leading into each 2-day workshop. Many elements were common across the diverse cultural communities; however, several unique sociocultural elements emerged in some cultural groups which informed their action plans. Youth were actively engaged in adolescent projects...

A randomized trial of peak-flow and symptom-based action plans in adults with moderate-to-severe asthma

Adams, R.; Boath, K.; Homan, S.; Campbell, D.; Ruffin, R.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Pty Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia Pty Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 Português
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66.37%
OBJECTIVE: Peak flow meters (PFM) continue to be recommended as an important part of asthma self-management plans. It remains unclear if there is an advantage in using PFM in people with moderate-to severe asthma who are not poor perceivers of bronchoconstriction. METHODOLOGY: Prospective, randomized controlled trial of 134 adults with moderate-to-severe asthma who did not have evidence of poor perception of bronchoconstriction on histamine challenge testing, who were recruited from inpatients and outpatients of a university teaching hospital. Comparison was made over 12 months of the effectiveness of written action plans using either peak flow monitoring or symptoms to guide management. Subjects were contacted at monthly intervals by telephone for reinforcement and evaluation of use of the action plans, and to provide ongoing education. Spirometry and PD20 histamine were measured at 3-monthly intervals. Measures of health care utilization and morbidity (asthma exacerbations; hospitalizations; emergency department (ED) visits; days absent from work or school due to asthma; medication use and a self-rating of asthma severity) were made monthly. A psychosocial questionnaire (attitudes and beliefs, state-trait anxiety, denial) was given at entry and at 12-months or at withdrawal from the study. RESULTS: There were significant improvements for both groups for hospitalizations...

Prevalence of asthma and asthma action plans in South Australia: population surveys from 1990 to 2001

Wilson, D.; Adams, R.; Appleton, S.; Hugo, G.; Wilkinson, D.; Hiller, J.; Ryan, P.; Cheek, J.; Ruffin, R.
Fonte: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd Publicador: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
OBJECTIVES: To assess trends in the prevalence of self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma, associated asthma related morbidity, and the uptake of written asthma action plans in South Australia, 1990–2001. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Surveys by telephone interview of the South Australian population between 1990 and 2001, and interview of participants in their own homes by trained health interviewers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Asthma prevalence, percentage of patients with written action plans, and asthma associated morbidity. RESULTS: The reported prevalence of doctor-diagnosed asthma has increased from 8% (95% CI, 6.4%–9.6%) in 1990 to 12.8% (95% CI, 11.4%–14.2%) in 2001. Morbidity, as measured by wakening at night (daily or weekly) and days lost from normal activities because of asthma, has remained constant over the decade. The percentage of patients with written asthma action plans increased to a peak of 42.3% (95% CI, 40.3%–44.3%) in 1995, but then declined to 22.2% (95% CI, 20.7%–23.7%) in 2001. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of asthma has increased while morbidity has remained constant, indicating that the burden of asthma has increased. The associated decline in the percentage of patients with asthma action plans in recent years is cause for concern.; David H Wilson...

Factors associated with ownership and use of written asthma action plans in North-West Melbourne

Sulaiman, N.; Barton, C.; Abramson, M.; Liaw, S.; Harris, C.; Chondrosa, P.; Dharmage, S.; Clarke, D.
Fonte: Strategic Medical Publishing Publicador: Strategic Medical Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
Purpose: Written asthma action plans (WAAPs) have become a core component of asthma management in Australia. We investigated ownership, utilisation and factors associated with ownership of asthma action plans by caregivers. Methods: 443/776 (57%) caregivers of children aged 2–14 years with asthma were identified from 32 GP clinics as part of a randomised controlled trial (RCT), and completed self-administered questionnaires. Results: Only 29% of participants owned a WAAP, while 13% possessed verbal instructions, and 56% had no plan. An asthma action plan for children, which was developed by a general practitioner (GP) was more likely to comprise verbal instructions (p = 0.001), while action plans developed by paediatricians were more likely to be written (p < 0.001). Just over one half of caregivers (59%) reported discussing their child’s action plan the last time they visited their doctor for asthma. Factors associated with WAAP ownership included nights waking (p = 0.013), self reported severity (p = 0.001), and days lost from school (p = 0.037). Children who had seen a GP in the last 3 months for asthma, or who had been to the Emergency Department (ED) or hospital were more likely to possess a WAAP (p < 0.001). Caregivers who were less satisfied with their child’s asthma control were more likely to own a WAAP (p = 0.037). Caregivers with any action plan found it useful and 82% reported using their action plan for management of an acute attack. However...

Achieving Effective Biomass Strategies: Linking Regional and National Biomass Action Plans

KAUTTO Niina; PECK Philip
Fonte: ETA Renewable Energies and WIP Renewable Energies Publicador: ETA Renewable Energies and WIP Renewable Energies
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: DVD
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
The new Directive on renewable energy requires that each EU Member State considerably increase its use of renewable energy in order to reach the EU share of 20% by 2020. Bioenergy will play a key role in this. However, there is a strong need for a coordination and integration of biomass policies, and extra measures are required at all levels to mobilise new biomass resources. Member States are obliged to submit national renewable energy action plans (NREAPs). Guidelines for this include requirements for the provision of detailed information on biomass. This paper provides an overview of the biomass action planning at national and regional levels in the EU and examines five national action plans (BAPs) and four regional BAPs in search for common features, differing factors and linkages between the two levels. It concludes that structures of the plans are similar at both levels; however the national level generally addresses parameters such as resource assessment and environmental impacts better. The regional plans seem to give more attention to the process of preparation. While the NREAP template guides biomass planning, there is still room for specific BAPs. Biomass action plans, both at the national and regional level, can play an essential role in facilitating the challenging task of biomass policy coordination and strengthening the efforts to reach renewable energy targets; JRC.DDG.F.8-Renewable Energy (Ispra)

National Biomass Action Plans - Effective Coordinators of Bioenergy Development?

KAUTTO NIINA; PECK Philip
Fonte: Svebio Publicador: Svebio
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: Printed
Português
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46.18%
The EU has set ambitious targets for renewable energy in its 'energy & climate change package' and proposal for a Directive on renewables. The latter sets national renewable energy targets for each Member State to reach the overall objective of 20% consumption by 2020. The challenge lies on how these targets can be met, and what kind of role bioenergy has to play in it. The EU Biomass Action Plan (BAP) emphasises the need for a coordinated approach to biomass policy and encourages Member States to establish national Biomass Action Plans (nBAPs), as they are seen as a key action to boost the bioenergy market. This paper presents the main motivations, process and the status of nBAPs and discusses their content and scope. Four national BAPs (of Estonia, Ireland, the Netherlands and the UK) are compared to yield understanding of how the complex bioenergy field needs to be coordinated. This discussion concludes that while nBAPs play an essential role in coordinating bioenergy activities, there is clearly a need to clarify the demand and scope of these plans if the desired effect of the nBAPs is to be achieved.; JRC.F.8-Renewable Energy (Ispra)

The Role of National Biomass Action Plans in Coordinating the National Bioenergy Activities

KAUTTO NIINA; PECK Philip
Fonte: ETA-Florence Renewable Energies Publicador: ETA-Florence Renewable Energies
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: CD-ROM
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
The EU has recently put forward an integrated proposal for "Climate Action ¿ Energy for a Changing World", which includes concrete measures on how to meet the 'energy and climate change package' targets of 2020. The challenge is how these targets can be reached, and how bioenergy can meet the expectations given to it. The EU Biomass Action Plan (BAP) emphasises the need for a coordinated approach to biomass policy and encourages Member States to establish national Biomass Action Plans (nBAPs), as they are seen as one of the key actions to boost the bioenergy market. This paper presents the drivers, process and the current state of nBAPs and discusses their definition and scope. Four national BAPs (of Estonia, Ireland, the Netherlands and the UK) are compared to yield understanding on the definition and scope of these plans. Two regional biomass action plans are also looked into (Scotland and Central Finland) to provide insight of the regional bioenergy strategy development. It can be concluded that common elements are found in the plans; however a holistic and integrated approach with a long-term view on biomass use is still largely missing.; JRC.F.8-Renewable Energy (Ispra)

Developing Integrated Biomass Strategies - Links Between Regional and National Biomass Action Plans

KAUTTO Niina
Fonte: O.Ö.Energiesparverband Publicador: O.Ö.Energiesparverband
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: CD-ROM
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Biomass as a renewable energy source is a vital component of meeting the EU targets for renewable energy. In order to reach the EU's biomass potential and renewable energy target there is a strong call for integrated and coherent biomass strategies. This paper provides an overview of the biomass action planning at the national and regional level in the EU and examines four regional biomass action plans (BAPs; of Central Finland, North Karelia in Finland, Scotland and South-East Ireland) in search for both common features and differing factors between national and regional levels. It can be concluded that the structures of biomass plans are similar at both levels, but the motivations for their establishment can differ greatly. Involvement of stakeholders at all levels benefits the development and implementation of BAPs. Regional biomass plans can play an essential role in facilitating the challenging task of biomass policy coordination at national level and strengthening the national efforts to reach renewable energy targets. A clearer definition for the form and function of BAPs supports the further development of such plans.; JRC.F.8-Renewable Energy (Ispra)

A South Australian population survey of the ownership of asthma action plans

Ruffin, R.; Wilson, D.; Southcott, A.; Smith, B.; Adams, R.
Fonte: AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD Publicador: AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between ownership of written asthma action plans, asthma morbidity, use of devices, and patients' perceptions of their asthma management. DESIGN AND SETTING: A random population survey (in 1996) of the South Australian population aged 15 years or over, using interviewers to administer a questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS: People who reported that they had current, doctor-diagnosed asthma. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of written asthma action plans; night-time awakenings from asthma; ownership of peak flow meters; and people's perceptions of their asthma management. RESULTS: The ownership of asthma action plans by people with self-reported asthma was 33% and has declined since 1995 (42%; P < 0.001). Fifteen per cent were awakened weekly or more frequently by asthma symptoms. These people were more likely to have a peak flow meter and a written action plan, but less likely to consider they had been provided with enough information about their asthma, to feel comfortable managing their asthma, or to find it easy to see their doctor. Having a written asthma action plan was associated with regular corticosteroid use, understanding asthma, having enough information and owning a peak flow meter. CONCLUSIONS: Ownership of asthma action plans in South Australia is suboptimal. Before we develop new strategies to improve asthma outcomes...

Handbook for Preparing a Resettlement Action Plan; Manual para la preparacion de un plan de accion para el reasentamiento Manuel d'elaboration de plans d'action de reinstallation

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
This handbook intends to document the essential steps for best practice in the design, and implementation of resettlement action plans. Given that involuntary resettlement entails both the physical displacement of peoples, and the disruption of their livelihoods, social development specialists at the International Finance Corporation (IFC), worked together with project developers to ensure consistent, and pragmatic application of the Bank Group policies, and guidelines, contributing to the mitigation of environmental, and social risks. The handbook outlines the policy, and principles of resettlement, stipulating these principles as follows: 1) involuntary resettlement should be avoided; 2) where involuntary resettlement is unavoidable, affected people should be compensated fully, and fairly for lost assets; 3) involuntary resettlement should be conceived as an opportunity to improve the livelihoods of the affected people, and, undertaken accordingly; and, 4) people affected by involuntary resettlement...

West Central Africa : Building Ownership for Environmentally Sustainable Development; Pour un developpement ecologiquement viable en Afrique du Centre-Ouest

Swayze, T.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.23%
Within the sub-region of West Central Africa (Benin, Cote d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, and Togo) several countries have completed National Environmental Action Plans (NEAPs). Some are implementing environmental support programs based on these plans, as well as more site-specific natural resource management, urban environmental management, and biodiversity conservation projects. The report notes some success stories. It concludes, however, that high population growth and rapid urbanization, high poverty levels and the direct dependency of most poor families on natural resources for subsistence, low levels of environmental awareness at all levels of society, market and policy failures, and institutional weaknesses, all point to the need for redoubling and redirecting environmental efforts. These factors underlie the sub-region's priority problems as identified in national planning exercises: (i) land degradation; (ii) deforestation and loss of biodiversity; (iii) water availability and quality; (iv) urban environmental degradation; and (v) coastal resource degradation. Without action...

Assessment and Action Plan to Improve Payment for Electricity Services in the Palestinian Territories

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
The Palestinian Territories (West Bank and Gaza Strip) are highly dependent on energy imports from neighboring countries because of its lack of domestic energy resources. The Israeli Electricity Corporation (IEC) is the largest supplier of electricity to the Territories, supplying around 88 percent of its total electricity consumption. In this context the Palestinian Authority (PA) has been actively engaged in a comprehensive reform of the electricity sector to increase its overall efficiency, bringing in the commitment and involvement of all stakeholders and resulting in the creation of a well-structured electricity market. Alongside steady increase in electricity consumption, however, non-payment for electricity imported from the IEC has increased over the past few years, amounting to 58 percent of its total cost. The non-payments or partial payments of these bills create deficient for the IEC, which then leads the Israeli government to proceed with monthly deductions from the clearance revenue, thus accruing as debt. This assessment aims to precisely understand the sources and the reasons for non-payment of electricity in the Territories and to develop an action plan based on current programs and activities led by the Palestinian Energy and Natural Resources Authority (PENRA) and the donor community. The impacts of non-payment for electricity on the complete financial payment cycle are assessed in detail. An overview of the Palestinian Electricity Sector is provided in Chapter 2...

The Future of the St. Lawrence River at Cornwall, Ontario Post-Remedial Action Plan (RAP): Navigating toward Sustainability

RITCEY, Alicia Laura
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
This thesis undertakes a review of the Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) for the St. Lawrence River Area of Concern (AOC). As directed by Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, RAPs are to take a systematic and comprehensive ecosystem approach to restoration, and ensure that the public is consulted about restoration activities. Through triangulation of three different research methods: twelve semi-structured interviews, observational research, and document analysis, this research explores how these two principles were incorporated into the St. Lawrence River AOC. This research draws from environmental management and governance literature in order to describe the implementation and decision-making frameworks of the RAP program. In theory an ecosystem approach is to be holistic and comprehensive in scope and application. In terms of the St. Lawrence River AOC, the holistic nature of the restoration process was hindered by the jurisdictional complexity of the region; Not only was there two federal governments, Canada and the United States, but the province of Ontario, state of New York, and the Mohawks of Akwesasne Nation. These jurisdictional divisions led to the eventual decision to separate the AOC into two RAPs at Massena, NY and Cornwall...

Simulating My Own or Others Action Plans? – Motor Representations, Not Visual Representations Are Recalled in Motor Memory

Seegelke, Christian; Hughes, Charmayne Mary Lee; Schack, Thomas
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 18/12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
Action plans are not generated from scratch for each movement, but features of recently generated plans are recalled for subsequent movements. This study investigated whether the observation of an action is sufficient to trigger plan recall processes. Participant dyads performed an object manipulation task in which one participant transported a plunger from an outer platform to a center platform of different heights (first move). Subsequently, either the same (intra-individual task condition) or the other participant (inter-individual task condition) returned the plunger to the outer platform (return moves). Grasp heights were inversely related to center target height and similar irrespective of direction (first vs. return move) and task condition (intra- vs. inter-individual). Moreover, participants' return move grasp heights were highly correlated with their own, but not with their partners' first move grasp heights. Our findings provide evidence that a simulated action plan resembles a plan of how the observer would execute that action (based on a motor representation) rather than a plan of the actually observed action (based on a visual representation).

Analysis of action plans and coping plans for reducing salt consumption among women with hypertension; Análise dos planos de ação e planos de enfrentamento de obstáculos para a redução do consumo de sal entre mulheres com hipertensão arterial sistêmica; Análisis de los planes de acción y planes para hacer frente a los obstáculos a la reducción de la ingesta de sal en las mujeres hipertensas

Agondi, Rúbia de Freitas; Gallani, Maria Cecília Bueno Jayme; Cornélio, Marilia Estevam; Rodrigues, Roberta Cunha Matheus
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
Este é um estudo transversal, baseado na teoria Implementation Intentions, cujo objetivo foi descrever planos de ação desenvolvidos por mulheres hipertensas (n=49) para adicionar, no máximo, 4g de sal/dia aos alimentos e reduzir o consumo de alimentos salgados, bem como barreiras percebidas e estratégias de enfrentamento para efetivar os planos de ação. Os planos foram categorizados quanto à similaridade e submetidos à análise de frequência. A maioria dos planos de ação e enfrentamento de obstáculos referiu-se à efetivação do comportamento para adicionar, no máximo, 4g/sal/dia/pessoa aos alimentos. As estratégias de ação foram voltadas para a quantificação do sal adicionado, e os principais obstáculos foram relacionados à menor palatabilidade dos alimentos com menos sal. Os planos de enfrentamento apontaram para o preparo, em separado, dos alimentos e uso de temperos naturais em substituição ao sal. Esses dados podem auxiliar o enfermeiro para direcionar atividades clinicoeducativas, visando a redução de consumo de sal entre pacientes que preparam sua alimentação.; Este estudio transversal, basado en la teoría Implementation Intentions, describe los planes de acción desarrollados por las mujeres hipertensas (n=49) para añadir hasta 4g de sal/día a los alimentos y comer menos alimentos salados...

The effectiveness of community action plans on farmers' livelihood in the Caprivi Region, Namibia

Kwenani,K.M.; Terblanché,S.E.
Fonte: South African Journal of Agricultural Extension Publicador: South African Journal of Agricultural Extension
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Community Action Plans have been introduced by the Directorate of Extension and Engineering as a tool for implementing the Farming Systems Research and Extension approach in the Caprivi Region of Namibia. Although Community Action Plans (CAP) is a useful tool for implementing the FSRE approach in rural communities, not all stakeholders perceive it as useful. This study was designed to ascertain the usefulness of Community Action Plans as a strategy to support a bottom up extension approach. The following respondents were selected to determine their knowledge and perception of CAP: Extension staff, Mubiza Community with CAP and Bukalo Community without CAP. Two structured questionnaires were administered to a total of 95 respondents. According to the findings the Mubiza respondents (91%) indicated that they planned their development activities using CAP while 75% of Bukalo respondents indicated they have no plans. Mubiza community are significantly more satisfied (p= < 0.0001) with support received from Agricultural Extension Technicians than Bukalo community. The study reveals that Mubiza community are involved and participate more in community development activities. The majority (92%) of Mubiza respondents indicated quite clearly that they received appropriate support from community leaders...