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Nutritional status of the adult population in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: the Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Health Survey

Bossan,Francine Moreira; Anjos,Luiz Antonio dos; Vasconcellos,Mauricio Teixeira Leite de; Wahrlich,Vivian
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
A household survey was conducted to assess the nutritional status of the adult population in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In the selected households, all adults (³ 20 years) had their body mass and stature measured. Body mass index (BMI) was used to determine the nutritional status according to the World Health Organization classification. The population estimates showed low prevalence of underweight (BMI < 18.5kg/m²), while 45.8% of women and 49.6% of men were overweight/obese (BMI ³ 25kg/m²). Obesity prevalence varied from 5.6% to 19.3% in men and from 9.6% to 21.3% in women, according to age. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was not associated with income (in either men and women) or schooling (in men), but there was an inverse relationship between schooling and overweight/obesity in women. The prevalence of underweight decreased with increasing mean income in the census enumeration area. The authors conclude that overweight/obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in both men and women in Niterói. This pattern resembles recent results for the adult population in Southeast Brazil as a whole, where Niterói is located.

Root caries prevalence in a group of Brazilian adult dental patients

Watanabe,Marlívia G.C.
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
The aim of this study was to measure the caries prevalence in the root surface in a group of Brazilian adults. The prevalence and their intraoral distribution of caries lesions of root surface were assessed in dental patients ranging in age from 35 to 44 and from 50 to 59 years of age of both sexes (n=360). A total of 98.9% had root surfaces with gingival recession and 78.1% had at least one root caries lesion. The prevalence of the disease was analyzed using the Root Caries Index (RCI). The average value was greater for women (18.6%) than for men (13.4%) (p<0.01) and similar in both age groups (p>0.01). The maxillary canines and first premolars and the mandibular molars presented the greatest RCI values. The RCI was greater in the proximal surface of the maxilla and buccal surface of the mandible. We conclude that caries of the root surface are present in the Brazilian population and deserve attention concerning their actual role in the epidemiology of principal oral diseases of the adult population.

Prevalence of α-thalassemia 3.7 kb deletion in the adult population of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

Alcoforado,Gustavo Henrique de Medeiros; Bezerra,Christiane Medeiros; Lemos,Telma Maria Araújo Moura; Oliveira,Denise Madureira de; Kimura,Elza Miyuki; Costa,Fernando Ferreira; Sonati,Maria de Fátima; Medeiros,Tereza Maria Dantas de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
α-Thalassemia, arising from a defect in a-globin chain synthesis, is often caused by deletions involving one or both of the a-genes on the same allele. With the aim of investigating the prevalence of α-thalassemia 3.7 kb deletion in the adult population of Rio Grande do Norte, 713 unrelated individuals, between 18 and 59 years-of-age, were analyzed. Red blood cell indices were electronically determined, and A2 and F hemoglobins evaluated by HPLC. PCR was applied to the molecular investigation of α-thalassemia 3.7 kb deletion. Eighty (11.2%) of the 713 individuals investigated presented α-thalassemia, of which 79 (11.1%) were heterozygous (-α3.7/αα) deletions and 1 (0.1%) homozy- gous (-α3.7/-α3.7). Ethnically, heterozygous deletions were higher (24.8%) in Afro-Brazilians. Comparison of hemato- logical parameters between individuals with normal genotype and those with heterozygous α+-thalassemia showed a statistically significant difference in the number of erythrocytes (p < 0.001), MCV (p < 0.001), MCH (p < 0.001) and Hb A2 (p = 0.007). This study is one of the first dedicated to investigating α-thalassemia 3.7 kb deletion in the population of the State Rio Grande do Norte state. Results obtained demonstrate the importance of investigating this condition in order to elucidate the causes of microcytosis and hypochromia.

Clustering and combining pattern of metabolic syndrome components in a rural Brazilian adult population

Pimenta,Adriano Marcal; Felisbino-Mendes,Mariana Santos; Velasquez-Melendez,Gustavo
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.92%
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE Metabolic syndrome is characterized by clustering of cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, glucose intolerance and arterial hypertension. The aim of this study was to estimate the probability of clustering and the combination pattern of three or more metabolic syndrome components in a rural Brazilian adult population. DESIGN AND SETTING This was a cross-sectional study conducted in two rural communities located in the Jequitinhonha Valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS The sample was composed of 534 adults (both sexes). Waist circumference, blood pressure and demographic, lifestyle and biochemical characteristics were assessed. The prevalences of metabolic syndrome and its components were estimated using the definitions of the National Cholesterol Education Program – Adult Treatment Panel III. A binomial distribution equation was used to evaluate the probability of clustering of metabolic syndrome components. The statistical significance level was set at 5% (P < 0.05). RESULTS Metabolic syndrome was more frequent among women (23.3%) than among men (6.5%). Clustering of three or more metabolic syndrome components was greater than expected by chance. The commonest combinations of three metabolic syndrome components were: hypertriglyceridemia + low levels of HDL-c + arterial hypertension and abdominal obesity + low levels of HDL-c + arterial hypertension; and of four metabolic syndrome components: abdominal obesity + hypertriglyceridemia + low levels of HDL-c + arterial hypertension. CONCLUSION The population studied presented high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among women and clustering of its components greater than expected by chance...

Trends and Socioeconomic Gradients in Adult Mortality around the Developing World

de Walque, Damien; Filmer, Deon
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
The authors combine data from 84 Demographic and Health Surveys from 46 countries to analyze trends and socioeconomic differences in adult mortality, calculating mortality based on the sibling mortality reports collected from female respondents aged 15-49. The analysis yields four main findings. First, adult mortality is different from child mortality: while under-5 mortality shows a definite improving trend over time, adult mortality does not, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. The second main finding is the increase in adult mortality in Sub-Saharan African countries. The increase is dramatic among those most affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Mortality rates in the highest HIV-prevalence countries of southern Africa exceed those in countries that experienced episodes of civil war. Third, even in Sub-Saharan countries where HIV-prevalence is not as high, mortality rates appear to be at best stagnating, and even increasing in several cases. Finally, the main socioeconomic dimension along which mortality appears to differ in the aggregate is gender. Adult mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa have risen substantially higher for men than for women especially so in the high HIV-prevalence countries. On the whole...

The Long-Run Impacts of Adult Deaths on Older Household Members in Tanzania

Adhvaryu, Achyuta R.; Beegle, Kathleen
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
HIV/AIDS is drastically changing the demographic landscape in high-prevalence countries in Africa. The prime-age adult population bears the majority of the mortality burden. These missing prime-age adults have implications for the socioeconomic well-being of surviving family members. This study uses a 13-year panel from Tanzania to examine the impacts of prime-age mortality on the time use and health outcomes of older adults, with a focus on long-run impacts and gender dimensions. Prime-age deaths are weakly associated with increases in working hours of older women when the deceased adult was co-resident in the household. The association is strongest when the deceased adult was living with the elderly individual at the time of death and for deaths in the distant past, suggesting that shorter-run studies may not capture the full extent of the consequences of adult mortality for survivors. Holding more assets seems to buffer older adults from having to work more after these shocks. Most health indicators are not worse for older adults when a prime-age household member died...

Smoking-attributable periodontal disease in the Australian adult population

Do, L.; Slade, G.; Roberts-Thomson, K.; Sanders, A.
Fonte: Blackwell Munksgaard Publicador: Blackwell Munksgaard
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.92%
BACKGROUND: The extent to which periodontitis is attributable to smoking in Australia has not been examined. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the smoking-periodontitis relationship and to estimate the public health impact of smoking on periodontitis in Australia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006 collected nationally representative oral epidemiologic data for the Australian adult population. Examiners measured probing pocket depth (PPD) and gingival recession at three sites per tooth to compute clinical attachment level (CAL). Moderate-severe cases were defined as having: >/=2 interproximal sites (not on same tooth) with >/=4 mm CAL or with >/=5 mm PPD. Smoking status was defined as never-, former- or current-smoker. Current-smokers were further classified into light-, moderate- or heavy-smoker using calculated pack-years. Age, sex and socioeconomic position were examined as potential confounders. RESULTS: Twenty-three per cent were former-smokers and 15% were current-smokers. Prevalence of periodontitis was 23%. In unadjusted analyses, former- and current-smokers had significantly higher periodontitis prevalence than never-smokers. Relative to non-smokers, adjusted prevalence ratios (95% confidence interval) for periodontitis were as follows: former-smokers: 1.22 (1.03-1.46)...

Anisometropia in an adult population in rural Myanmar: The Meiktlla eye study

Wu, H.; Casson, R.; Newland, H.; Muecke, J.; Selva-Nayagam, D.; Aung, T.
Fonte: Informa Healthcare Publicador: Informa Healthcare
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for anisometropia in a rural adult population in central Myanmar. METHODS: A population-based ophthalmic survey was conducted in rural villages in central Myanmar. Ansiometropia was assessed in subjects with phakic eyes. The severity of anisometropia was defined as the absolute difference of the spherical equivalent between the two eyes. RESULTS: Prevalence of anisometropia (> or =1.0 D) in all participants was 35.3% (95% CI 32.7-37.9%); severe anisometropia (> or =2.0 D) was present in 18.9 % (95% CI 16.8-21.0%). There was no significant gender difference in anisometropia prevalence or severity. Prevalence and severity of anisometropia were significantly associated with age. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that cataract, myopia, but not age, were associated with anisometropia. The between-eye differences in axial length (r = 0.15, p < 0.001) and corneal curvature (r = 0.19, p < 0.001) were significantly correlated with the severity of anisometropia. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of anisometropia is relatively high in this rural adult population in Myanmar. Myopia and cataract, but not increasing age, are the potential risk factors of anisometropia in this population.; H. M. Wu...

Prevalence of self-medication in the adult population of Brazil: a systematic review

Domingues,Paulo Henrique Faria; Galvão,Taís Freire; Andrade,Keitty Regina Cordeiro de; Sá,Pedro Terra Teles de; Silva,Marcus Tolentino; Pereira,Mauricio Gomes
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of self-medication in Brazil’s adult population.METHODS Systematic review of cross-sectional population-based studies. The following databases were used: Medline, Embase, Scopus, ISI, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, CRD, Lilacs, SciELO, the Banco de teses brasileiras(Brazilian theses database) (Capes) and files from the Portal Domínio Público (Brazilian Public Domain). In addition, the reference lists from relevant studies were examined to identify potentially eligible articles. There were no applied restrictions in terms of the publication date, language or publication status. Data related to publication, population, methods and prevalence of self-medication were extracted by three independent researchers. Methodological quality was assessed following eight criteria related to sampling, measurement and presentation of results. The prevalences were measured from participants who used at least one medication during the recall period of the studies.RESULTS The literature screening identified 2,778 records, from which 12 were included for analysis. Most studies were conducted in the Southeastern region of Brazil, after 2000 and with a 15-day recall period. Only five studies achieved high methodological quality...

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Assessment of its rate of occurrence in the adult population of Portugal.; Perturbação pós-traumática do stress (PTSD). Avaliação da taxa de ocorrência na população adulta portuguesa.

De Albuquerque, Afonso; Psicóloga Clínica, Hospital Júlio de Matos, Lisboa.; Soares, Catarina; De Jesus, Paula Martins; Alves, Catarina
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/10/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
This is the first epidemiological study of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within the adult population (over 18 years of age) in Portugal. This study is particularly relevant given the proportion of the population exposed to trauma: 800,000 men participated in 14 years (from 1961 to 1975) of Portugal's colonial wars.A representative sample of the adult nation-wide population was defined using bi-phasic and stratified methodology. In accordance with study inclusion/exclusion criteria, subjects from all geographical regions were selected, either randomly from the community or via the protocol defined stratification. Subjects identified as having been exposed to one or more traumatic events were further interviewed and assessed with the Short Screening Scale (Breslau, 1999) to determine the presence/absence of DSM-IV defined PTSD.A representative sample of 2,606 subjects (53.3% men) was selected, aged 18 to 99 years old (mean = 43 years). Overall PTSD prevalence rate was 7.87% (205/2,606 subjects) with a statistically significative different distribution by gender: 4.8% for male and 11.4% for female subjects. Around 75% of the Portuguese adult population was exposed to at least one traumatic situation and 43.5% to more than one. We found that 11.6% of the sample were male exposed to combat/war and 9.9% of those developed PTSD. The most referred traumatic situation was Sudden violent death of family or friend...

Geographic coupling of juvenile and adult habitat shapes spatial population dynamics of a coral reef fish

Huijbers, C.; Nagelkerken, I.; Debrot, A.; Jongejans, E.
Fonte: Ecological Soc Amer Publicador: Ecological Soc Amer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
Marine spatial population dynamics are often addressed with a focus on larval dispersal, without taking into account movement behavior of individuals in later life stages. Processes occurring during demersal life stages may also drive spatial population dynamics if habitat quality is perceived differently by animals belonging to different life stages. In this study, we used a dual approach to understand how stage-structured habitat use and dispersal ability of adults shape the population of a marine fish species. Our study area and focal species provided us with the unique opportunity to study a closed island population. A spatial simulation model was used to estimate dispersal distances along a coral reef that surrounds the island, while contributions of different nursery bays were determined based on otolith stable isotope signatures of adult reef fish. The model showed that adult dispersal away from reef areas near nursery bays is limited. The results further show that different bays contributed unequally to the adult population on the coral reef, with productivity of juveniles in bay nursery habitat determining the degree of mixing among local populations on the reef and with one highly productive area contributing most to the island's reef fish population. The contribution of the coral reef as a nursery habitat was minimal...

Dying Too Young : Addressing Premature Mortality and Ill Health Due to Non-Communicable Diseases and Injuries in the Russian Federation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
The poor health status of Russia's economically active adult population-its human capital-is imperiling sustainable economic and social development. What factors contribute to the excessive mortality, ill health, and disability in Russia, particularly among working-age adults? What are the demographic, social, and economic consequences of this phenomenon? Most importantly, what can be done to reduce these burdens? This report shows that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and injuries are the leading causes of death, illness, and disability in Russia, and assesses the factors associated with the onset of these conditions, the demographic, financial, and economic consequences of NCDs and injuries; summarizes relevant evidence and emerging lessons from international experience, proposes a comprehensive program for addressing this problem; and projects the health and economic gains that could result from such a program.

Russian Federation : The Demographic Transition and Its Implications for Adult Learning and Long-Term Care Policies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
This report describes the demographic transition in the Russian Federation and its implications for adult learning and long-term care policies. The population of Russia is aging and declining rapidly compared to other European nations. Russia's current age structure results from decades of complex demographic trends that have created a population structure with increasingly fewer young people. Women are having fewer children and are waiting longer to have children. Russia's mortality remains higher than in other developed societies. This high mortality is due to an unusually high incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and injuries among adult men. Two key challenges face Russia. The first challenge is whether public expenditure on pensions and health care will become unsustainable as the size of the elderly population increases. The second challenge is whether declining population sizes will reduce the size of the labor force and hence reduce economic growth.

Hypertension artérielle dans la population adulte du Burkina Faso : prévalence, détection, traitement et contrôle

Doulougou, Boukaré
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Contexte : L’hypertension artérielle (HTA) est reconnue comme un important facteur de risque des maladies cardiovasculaires et de la mortalité prématurée. Les données montrent qu’un adulte sur 4 dans le monde souffrait d’hypertension en 2000 et ce chiffre serait en augmentation. Dans les pays africains, les estimations prévoient une progression plus rapide de la prévalence de l’HTA engendrant ainsi un problème additionnel à gérer pour le système de santé qui est toujours aux prises avec les maladies transmissibles. Les progrès économiques et l’urbanisation semblent entraîner des modifications des habitudes de vie dans ces pays qui seraient associés à une émergence des maladies non transmissibles, dont l’HTA. Le Burkina Faso, pays de l’Afrique de l’Ouest classé comme un pays à faibles revenus, aurait amorcé sa transition épidémiologique et il importe de faire un état sur les maladies non transmissibles en émergence. Afin de contribuer à la connaissance des aspects épidémiologiques de l’HTA au Burkina Faso, trois objectifs spécifiques ont été retenus pour la présente recherche : 1) Estimer la prévalence de l’HTA et identifier les facteurs associés dans la population rurale et la population semi-urbaine du Système de Surveillance démographique et de Santé de Kaya (Kaya HDSS) ; 2) Déterminer la différence de prévalence de l’HTA entre la zone lotie et la zone non lotie de la ville de Ouagadougou et identifier les facteurs associés ; 3) Déterminer la détection...

Clinical Attachment Loss in Chilean Adult Population: First Chilean National Dental Examination Survey

Espinoza Santander, Iris; Arteaga Herrera, Oscar Germán; Muñoz Martínez, Andrea; Carvajal Torres, Paola Alejandra; Mendoza, Carolina; Aranda Chacón, Waldo Armando; Gamonal Aravena, Jorge Antonio
Fonte: AMER ACAD PERIODONTOLOGY Publicador: AMER ACAD PERIODONTOLOGY
Tipo: Artículo de revista
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Artículo de publicación ISI; Background: Data from national surveys regarding the periodontal status of the adult population in Latin America are scarce. The aim of this study assesses the prevalence and extension of clinical attachment loss (AL) in the adult population of Chile. Age, sex, and sociodemographic and behavioral differences in the prevalence of clinical AL are also examined. Methods: A stratified, multistage probability design formula was used to separate the adult Chilean population into two age cohorts. The first group consisted of 1,092 young adults (age range: 35 to 44 years), and the second group consisted of 469 adult seniors (age range: 65 to 74 years). All subjects were examined to measure clinical AL. The research also included an evaluation, conducted through oral interviews, of social and health aspects of the subjects. Clinical AL was measured in all teeth surfaces, excluding third molars. Results were analyzed using a multivariable model and logistic regression. Results: A total of 93.45% of the young adults had >= 1 site with clinical AL >3 mm compared with 97.58% of the adult seniors, with an average of 6.51 and 15.81 missing teeth, respectively (P<0.05). The number of sites with severe clinical AL (>6 mm) was 38.65% in young adults and 69.35% in senior adults (P<0.05). Clinical AL was significantly higher in males than in females (P<0.05). The multivariate analyses identified that the main risk indicators for clinical AL >6 mm in >= 1 site were: age (65 to 74 years)...

Prevalência e fatores associados à enxaqueca na população adulta de Pelotas, RS; Prevalence and factors associated to migraine in adult population, Southern Brazil

Pahim, Luciane Scherer; Menezes, Ana M B; Lima, Rosângela
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
OBJETIVO: A enxaqueca é uma doença de alta prevalência, com importantes repercussões nas atividades diárias dos indivíduos. O objetivo do estudo foi conhecer a distribuição da enxaqueca na população adulta e alguns de seus determinantes. MÉTODOS: Utilizou-se delineamento transversal de base populacional, com amostragem em múltiplos estágios e probabilística. Foram entrevistados 2.715 indivíduos, de 20 a 64 anos, da zona urbana da cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul. Aplicou-se um questionário utilizando as recomendações da International Headache Society para a definição do desfecho. As análises bruta e ajustada foram realizadas pela Regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de cefaléia e enxaqueca foram respectivamente 71,3% (IC 95%: 69,6-73,0) e 10,7% (IC 95%: 9,4-12,1). As mulheres apresentaram quatro vezes mais enxaqueca do que os homens (16,2% vs 3,9%) e indivíduos com cor de pele branca apresentaram risco 1,4 vezes maior do que os de cor não branca. Mulheres em uso de anticoncepcional hormonal apresentaram 1,3 vezes mais enxaqueca do que as que não o usavam. Nível socioeconômico e menstruação regular nos últimos três meses não mostraram associação com enxaqueca. CONCLUSÕES: A enxaqueca é uma doença que afeta principalmente as mulheres...

Auto-percepção das condições de saúde da população adulta, Sul do Brasil; Auto-percepción de las condiciones de salud de la población adulta, Sur de Brasil; Self-rated health conditions of the adult population, Southern Brazil

Traebert, Jefferson; Bortoluzzi, Marcelo Carlos; Kehrig, Ruth Terezinha
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.84%
O objetivo do estudo foi estimar como a população adulta (20 a 59 anos) de Joaçaba, SC, avalia sua condição de saúde. Realizou-se um estudo transversal em 2006 envolvendo amostra representativa (n = 707). O questionário levantou condições sociodemográficas, restrição das atividades diárias, realização de consulta médica, internação hospitalar e auto-percepção de saúde. Procedeu-se a análise de regressão logística múltipla hierarquizada. Constatou-se que 74,7% dos indivíduos percebia sua saúde como boa e 3,9% a percebia como ruim/muito ruim. Não estar trabalhando no momento da entrevista e deixar de realizar atividades habituais por problemas de saúde aumentaram significativamente a chance de uma auto-avaliação da condição de saúde como ruim/muito ruim.; El objetivo del estudio fue estimar como la población adulta (20 a 59 años) de Joacaba, Sur de Brasil, evalúa su condición de salud. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 2006 tomando muestra representativa (n=707). El cuestionario levantó condiciones sociodemográficas, restricción de las actividades diarias, realización de consulta médica, internación hospitalaria y auto-percepción de salud. Se procedió con análisis de regresión logística múltiple jerarquizada. Se constató que 74...

Deficient selenium status of a healthy adult Spanish population

Millán Adame,E.; Florea,D.; Sáez Pérez,L.; Molina López,J.; López-González,B.; Pérez de la Cruz,A.; Planells del Pozo,E.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
Introduction: Selenium is an essential micronutrient for human health, being a cofactor for enzymes with antioxidant activity that protect the organism from oxidative damage. An inadequate intake of this mineral has been associated with the onset and progression of chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, coronary diseases, asthma, and cancer. For this reason, knowledge of the plasma and erythrocyte selenium levels of a population makes a relevant contribution to assessment of its nutritional status. Objetive: The objective of the present study was to determine the nutritional status of selenium and risk of seleniumdeficiency in a healthy adult population in Spain by examining food and nutrient intake and analyzing biochemical parameters related to selenium metabolism, including plasma and erythrocyte levels and selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx) enzymatic activity. Material and methods: We studied 84 healthy adults (31 males and 53 females) from the province of Granada, determining their plasma and erythrocyte selenium concentrations and the association of these levels with the enzymatic activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and with life style factors. We also gathered data on their food and nutrient intake and the results of biochemical analyses. Correlations were studied among all of these variables. Results: The mean plasma selenium concentration was 76.6 ± 17.3 μg/L (87.3 ± 17.4 μg/L in males...

Nutritional status of the adult population in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: the Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Health Survey

Bossan,Francine Moreira; Anjos,Luiz Antonio dos; Vasconcellos,Mauricio Teixeira Leite de; Wahrlich,Vivian
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
A household survey was conducted to assess the nutritional status of the adult population in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In the selected households, all adults (³ 20 years) had their body mass and stature measured. Body mass index (BMI) was used to determine the nutritional status according to the World Health Organization classification. The population estimates showed low prevalence of underweight (BMI < 18.5kg/m²), while 45.8% of women and 49.6% of men were overweight/obese (BMI ³ 25kg/m²). Obesity prevalence varied from 5.6% to 19.3% in men and from 9.6% to 21.3% in women, according to age. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was not associated with income (in either men and women) or schooling (in men), but there was an inverse relationship between schooling and overweight/obesity in women. The prevalence of underweight decreased with increasing mean income in the census enumeration area. The authors conclude that overweight/obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in both men and women in Niterói. This pattern resembles recent results for the adult population in Southeast Brazil as a whole, where Niterói is located.

Prevalence of self-medication in the adult population of Brazil: a systematic review

Domingues,Paulo Henrique Faria; Galvão,Taís Freire; Andrade,Keitty Regina Cordeiro de; Sá,Pedro Terra Teles de; Silva,Marcus Tolentino; Pereira,Mauricio Gomes
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of self-medication in Brazil’s adult population.METHODS Systematic review of cross-sectional population-based studies. The following databases were used: Medline, Embase, Scopus, ISI, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, CRD, Lilacs, SciELO, the Banco de teses brasileiras(Brazilian theses database) (Capes) and files from the Portal Domínio Público (Brazilian Public Domain). In addition, the reference lists from relevant studies were examined to identify potentially eligible articles. There were no applied restrictions in terms of the publication date, language or publication status. Data related to publication, population, methods and prevalence of self-medication were extracted by three independent researchers. Methodological quality was assessed following eight criteria related to sampling, measurement and presentation of results. The prevalences were measured from participants who used at least one medication during the recall period of the studies.RESULTS The literature screening identified 2,778 records, from which 12 were included for analysis. Most studies were conducted in the Southeastern region of Brazil, after 2000 and with a 15-day recall period. Only five studies achieved high methodological quality...