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Asymptotic proportion of arbitrage points in fractional binary markets

Cordero, Fernando; Klein, Irene; Perez-Ostafe, Lavinia
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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A fractional binary market is an approximating sequence of binary models for the fractional Black-Scholes model, which Sottinen constructed by giving an analogue of the Donsker's theorem. In a binary market the arbitrage condition can be expressed as a condition on the nodes of a binary tree. We call "arbitrage points" the points in the binary tree which verify such an arbitrage condition and "arbitrage paths" the paths in the binary tree which cross at least one arbitrage point. Using this terminology, a binary market admits arbitrage if and only if there is at least one arbitrage point in the binary tree or equivalently if there is at least one arbitrage path. Following the lines of Sottinen, who showed that the arbitrage persists in the fractional binary market, we further prove that starting from any point in the tree, we can reach an arbitrage point. This implies that, in the limit, there is an infinite number of arbitrage points. Next, we provide an in-depth analysis of the asymptotic proportion of arbitrage points at asymptotic levels and of arbitrage paths in the fractional binary market. All these results are obtained by studying a rescaled disturbed random walk. We moreover show that, when $H$ is close to $1$, with probability $1$ a path in the binary tree crosses an infinite number of arbitrage points. In particular...