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Relação entre investimento em saúde e desenvolvimento dos estados brasileiros; Relationship between investment in health asset and brazilians states development

Anjos, Rafael Madureira dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2010 Português
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Este trabalho se propõe analisar a relação entre o investimento em saúde e desenvolvimento dos estados brasileiros - medido pelo Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano- (IDH) mediante a utilização da tecnologia de produção denominada FDH (Free Disposal Hull - Fronteira com livre descarte de recursos). Para os estados não eficientes, serão identificados os percentuais de alteração dos insumos necessários para que estados sejam eficientes. Na seqüência, são selecionados os estados eficientes e com baixo índice de desenvolvimento, para serem utilizados pelos governos estadual e federal como prioridade em uma política de desenvolvimento para o Estado brasileiro, uma vez que, esses estados, por serem eficientes, com o aumento de investimento em ativos de saúde, aumentarão seu índice de desenvolvimento. Em suma, tem-se que os resultados permitirão algumas considerações sobre a eficiência em alocação de recursos nos diferentes ativos de saúde, possibilitando auxiliar a tomada de decisão do gestor público, no que diz respeito à alocação dos recursos disponíveis para área da saúde.; In this work it has attempted to appraise, quantitatively, the efficiency levels of the brazilians states. It is analyzed the relationship between output (development) and inputs (Health Assets) by constructing nonparametric efficiency frontiers. The technique of efficiency analysis were used to determine this frontier is the FDH approach. For the not efficient states...

Development of 13 Mozambican Municipalities in Central and Northern Mozambique : Summary report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Português
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The objective of this study on the Development of 13 Mozambican Municipalities in Central and Northern Mozambique is to assess the impact that the 2008 reforms on own-source revenues is having on the municipal revenue potential. To do so, it calculates the revenue potential of four fiscal and three non-fiscal revenue sources. The analysis shows that there is substantial untapped revenue potential at the municipal level, with estimates indicating that -in the case of the most buoyant local revenue sources- municipalities are only collecting about half of the revenue potential. In the worst cases, municipalities are collecting far less than 10 percent of the total revenue potential of a local revenue source. The fact that a revenue gaps exists is not only an indication of weak municipal performance. Municipalities have relatively recently been created and it takes time, capacity, and effort, to consolidate their revenue functions. Tax administration is overall still weak and a series of vacuums exist on the municipal fiscal legislation. The analysis reveals that the current revenue instruments at the disposal of municipalities are generally appropriate municipal revenue instruments...

The Challenges of Bankruptcy Reform

Cirmizi, Elena; Klapper, Leora; Uttamchandani, Mahesh
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
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The 2008 financial crisis was followed by a global economic downturn, credit crunch, and reduction in cross-border lending, trade finance, remittances, and foreign direct investment, which adversely affected businesses around the world. The consequent increase in the number of firm insolvencies in the financial and corporate sectors highlights the importance of efficient bankruptcy laws. This paper summarizes the theoretical and empirical literature on bankruptcy design, discusses the challenges of introducing and implementing bankruptcy reforms, and presents examples of how policymakers are trying to use the current economic downturn as an opportunity to engage in meaningful reform of the bankruptcy process.

Uganda - Small Towns Water and Sanitation

Mohan, P.C.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
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The specific objectives of this project (Credit of US$42.3 million over the period 1995-2003) were to: (a) improve health conditions through better water supply, excreta disposal, waste management and public hygiene; (b) alleviate poverty and improve the lot of women; and (c) reduce environmental degradation through better waste management. The project was to provide improved and sustainable water supply and sanitation services in two groups of towns: (a) the 11 small towns ( Busia, Kalisizo, Kyotera, Lugazi, Luwero, Lyantonde, Malaba, Ntungamo, Rakai, Rukunguri and Wobulenzi ), where most of the town populations drew water from boreholes with hand pumps, springs and traditional sources such as rivers and lakes - this was to be implemented by the Directorate of Water Development ( DWD ); and (b) the rehabilitation of the water sewerage services in Jinja, to be expanded to include Njeru.- to be implemented by the National Water and Sewerage Corporation ( NWSC ).

Tourism and the Environment in the Caribbean : An Economic Framework

Dixon, John; Hamilton, Kirk; Pagiola, Stefano; Segnestam, Lisa
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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While tourism is one of the most important economic activities in the Caribbean, its reliance is based uniquely on the natural environment, indicating the resource base upon which all of this economic activity is based, is however fragile. Thus, sustainable tourism, and its economic benefits require ensuring that the environmental resources the sector relies on, are managed responsibly by the countries of the Caribbean, the tourism/travel industry, and the visitors themselves. The study examines the links between tourism, and environment, pointing at the magnitude of environmental threats, and the role of information, at creating strong incentives, addressing environmental problems certification schemes, to allow credible advertisement of its environmental quality. Capturing tourism economic "rents" - defined as an excess return to an asset - is viewed as a policy question for governments, on how to use these rents effectively. Mechanisms to capture rents include charging user fees when accessing a particular environmental resource...

Financial Sector Assessment Program - Poland : Housing Finance Technical Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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This note primarily addresses the mortgage market development objectives, although the regulator is encouraged to consider the use of the macro prudential tools at its disposal for institutional and systemic stability of the mortgage sector as the current portfolio outstanding is large and risky and thus presents a negative performance outlook. The rest of the material is structured as follows. Firstly, brief background information on recent Polish mortgage sector evolution provides context. Secondly, details of certain regulatory initiatives are discussed with the view on potential strengthening. Thirdly, suggestions for modernization of certain features of the current capital market funding framework are provided; specifically on expanding the issuance of Mortgage Covered Bond (MCBs) to the universal banks as well as bringing the framework in line with the latest global best practices.

The Impact of Exogenous Shocks on Households in the Pacific : A Micro-Simulation Analysis

Cororaton, Caesar B.; Knight, David S.
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Português
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This paper seeks to provide evidence on the extent of household vulnerability to exogenous economic shocks in the Pacific region and consider policy options that help to manage this risk. Characteristics of the region such as remoteness, small size, dispersion, and urbanizing populations lead to pronounced vulnerabilities. The paper presents macroeconomic and distributional analysis and complements it with results of a micro-simulation model customized for this work based on a model used previously by the World Bank to analyze the impacts of the Food and Fuel Price Crisis. The results of micro-simulations serve to highlight the very high levels of economic vulnerability faced in the region. Impacts of economic shocks are not confined to well-off individuals, but have major impacts on the poor. Even moderate shocks are likely to push sizeable fractions of the population below the poverty line. The shocks considered are not worst case scenarios, but those that can and have occurred frequently. The results show that households are hard hit by increases in oil prices...

Water and Wastewater Services in the Danube Region

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
Português
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To evaluate and reflect the sustainability of services in the region, an overall sector sustainability assessment was done taking into account four main dimensions: access to services, quality of services, efficiency of services, and financing of services. Each of these dimensions is measured through three simple and objective indicators. For each indicator, best practice values are established by looking at the best performers in the region, and countries closest to those best performers are deemed to have a more mature sector. A more complete description of the methodology to assess the sector sustainability is included in the Annex of the State of the Sector Regional Report from the Danube Water Program. The outcomes of this assessment for the Czech Republic water sector are displayed in Figure 9, which also shows average and best practices in the Danube region. The Czech sector sustainability score is 88, which is much higher than the Danube average sector sustainability of 64, and is among the best practices in the region. The assessment shows that...

The Use of Asset Management Companies in the Resolution of Banking Crises

Klingebiel, Daniela
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
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Asset management companies have been used to address the overhang of bad debt in the financial system. There are two main types of asset management company: those set up to expedite corporate restructuring and those established for rapid disposal of assets. A review of seven asset management companies reveals a mixed record. In two of three cases, asset management companies for corporate restructuring did not achieve their narrow goal of expediting bank or corporate restructuring, suggesting that they are not good vehicles for expediting corporate restructuring. Only a Swedish asset management company successfully managed its portfolio, acting sometimes as lead agent in restructuring - and helped by the fact that the assets acquired had mostly to do with real estate, not manufacturing, which is harder to restructure, and represented a small fraction of the banking systems assets, which made it easier for the company to remain independent of political pressures and to sell assets back to the private sector. Asset management companies used to dispose of assets rapidly fared somewhat better. Two of four agencies (in Spain and the United States) achieved their objectives...

GRI Index Fiscal 2014

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Annual Report; Publications & Research :: Annual Report; Publications & Research
Português
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The World Bank (WB) supports the global reporting initiative (GRI) and is one of the GRI chapter groups of founding members. The topics deemed relevant for disclosure were identified by assessing annual corporate priorities outlined by the institutions’ Boards and President, considering stakeholder input, as well as ascertaining sustainability impacts of carrying out the mission and vision. To determine if a GRI aspect is material for the WB to report on, an assessment was carried out based on: (1) the potential impact on the Bank’s business, and (2) the sustainability impacts stemming from its business. The most material aspects of the Bank’s internal operations include the following: staffs are the Bank’s greatest asset; and reducing the Bank’s own corporate environmental impacts. The WB reports on a fiscal year basis, which extends from July 1 through June 30. This report covers fiscal 2014 (July 1, 2013 - June 30, 2014).

Government of Republic of South Sudan Public Finance Management Assessment : Jonglei State

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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A public finance management (PFM) law is still not in place, even though a draft was prepared more than three years ago. The purpose is to assess the PFM system performance of Jonglei State in South Sudan. This report feeds into a Country Fiduciary Risk Assessment (CIFA) along with a South Sudan Public Expenditure Financial Accountability (PEFA) assessment country procurement assessment report being prepared by a World Bank team on Republic of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS's) procurement system, using the OECD-DAC assessment methodology, and with PFM diagnostics study on three other state governments. The CIFA will include an action plan for implementing PFM reforms. This PEFA is focused on the State Government of Jonglei. At the time of this PEFA assessment, South Sudan, then known as Southern Sudan, was a semi-autonomous part of Sudan managed by Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS), as part of the Government of National Unity (GoNU) that included both GoSS and the Government of Sudan ('the north'). Jonglei is the largest state in South Sudan...

Colombia - Expanding Services to Low-Income Areas Comparing Private and Public Water Utilities

Sotomayor, Maria Angelica
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
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Colombia is one of the most active Latin American countries in incorporating private sector participation (PSP) in managing water utilities. One of the community's main concerns is that reforms that treat water and sanitation services as an economic asset rather than as a social good and that allow providers to apply commercial (profit-oriented) criteria, may tend to restrict access to the services for low-income users, because they are not perceived as attractive business clients by private entrepreneurs. The government is embarking on a water sector modernization program whose strategy is to promote PSP in water utilities. One of its objectives is to expand and improve the provision of services to the poor, so it was considered necessary to find out if the common perception of the population and the concern of the community that the private sector focuses on providing good services to the wealthy and neglects the poor, is anchored in reality and consistent with the performance of privatized utilities in Colombia. A study was carried out during project preparation to test this perception against actual experience.

Czech Republic : Enhancing the Prospects for Growth with Fiscal Stability

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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This public expenditure review analyzes recent developments in the Czech Republic, and future prospects for growth, with fiscal stability. In analyzing the strategic setting, where a central thrust of this strategy is the accession to the European Union (EU), the report suggests than an appropriate medium-term target for fiscal policy, would be to bring down the overall deficit of the government to one-two percent of GDP, as an intermediate step towards the EU's stability/growth path objectives, emphasizing that much of the adjustment should come from the expenditure side. Given the main purpose of the report - to take this expenditure adjustment challenge as a mean to achieve potential efficiency gains, while limiting attending costs - a reform policy should pursue an ongoing process of review, revision, and re-definition of the role of government intervention. Indeed, to succeed, the process of expenditure reform needs to be firmly grounded in the development of analytic capacities, linked with institutional...

Stolen Asset Recovery : A Good Practices Guide for Non-conviction Based Asset Forfeiture; Recuperacion de activos robados : guia de buenas practicas para el decomisode activos sin condena

Greenberg, Theodore S.; Samuel, Linda M.; Grant, Wingate; Gray, Larissa
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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The guide is organized into three major parts: Part A first provides an overview of the problem of stolen assets and the problem of recovering the assets once they are transferred abroad. Second, it describes how the international community has taken steps to respond to the problem through United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) and the Stolen Asset Recovery (StAR) Initiative. UNCAC introduced a new framework to facilitate the tracing, freezing, seizing, forfeiture, and return of assets stolen through corrupt practices and hidden in foreign jurisdictions. The StAR Initiative developed an action plan to support the domestication and implementation of asset recovery provisions under UNCAC, to facilitate countries' efforts to recover stolen assets that have been hidden in foreign jurisdictions, and ultimately, to help deter such flows and eliminate safe havens for hiding corruption proceeds. Third and finally, Part A introduces non-conviction based (NCB) asset forfeiture as one of the critical tools to combat corruption...

Unlocking Land Values for Urban Infrastructure Finance : International Experience--Considerations for Indian Policy

Peterson, George E.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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Despite strong economic growth, investment in basic urban infrastructure -- water supply, wastewater removal and treatment, roads, and other capital-intensive systems -- has failed to keep pace with urban growth, leaving a critical urban infrastructure deficit. At the same time, urban lands in these many developing countries are among the most expensive in the world. Much of this land is owned by public authorities. Significant parts of it lie vacant, unused for public service provision or inappropriate for conversion to higher-valued economic activity. A composite public-sector balance sheet for India's urban areas would show an asset mix strong on public-sector landholdings but weak on infrastructure. This raises the following questions: Can some excess public-sector land be exchanged for infrastructure, in a manner that is politically acceptable and economically efficient? Can public land sales be a realistic source of finance for critically needed urban infrastructure investment? This paper considers the policy context that has shaped different land-disposal and earmarking initiatives...

Global Economic Prospects : Financial Market Outlook, March 2013

Aykut, Dilek; Kim, Eung Ju
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Português
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Global financial conditions have improved substantially since July 2012, a reflection of the cumulative steps taken by high-income countries' central banks. Gross capital flows to developing countries, which weakened in mid-2012 due to Euro area turmoil, bounced back in the second half of the year. Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to developing countries are expected to have declined slightly in 2012 following increased uncertainty in global financial markets. Gross capital flows have remained strong so far in 2013, with January and February flows 47 percent higher than in the same period in 2012. The level of net capital flows going to developing countries is set to rise through 2015.

Gestão da manutenção e o novo paradigma de manuseamento de gases fluorados com efeito de estufa

Cipriano, Bruno Miguel Andrade
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 Português
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Dissertação de mestrado em Engenharia e Gestão Industrial; As alterações climáticas são atualmente reconhecidas como uma das mais relevantes ameaças ambientais, sociais e económicas. A resposta a este problema tem-se traduzido na aplicação de um conjunto de legislação e práticas, com o objetivo de promover uma redução significativa das emissões de gases com efeito de estufa. Entre outros, os gases fluorados são dos mais relevantes gases com efeito de estufa, conforme identificados no Protocolo de Quioto. No enquadramento legal em vigor a certificação de técnicos e empresas, assim como certificação de ferramentas para o manuseamento de gases fluorados, sofreu, desde 2011, uma profunda alteração, com impacto nos procedimentos de manutenção existentes até essa data, na atividade de empresas prestadoras de serviços de manutenção e na atuação dos proprietários de edifícios civis e industriais com equipamentos que contêm gases fluorados. Esta tese tem como objetivo evidenciar as ações que as empresas prestadores de serviços necessitam executar para a sua certificação, assim como informar os proprietários de edifícios civis ou industriais, sobre as diferentes vertentes que têm à sua disposição...

Country Partnership Framework for Azerbaijan for the Period FY16-FY20

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Country Focus :: Country Assistance Strategy Document
Português
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The country partnership framework (CPF) for Azerbaijan covering the period FY2016-20, sets out the World Bank Group (WBG) support to the country on its path toward a sustainable, inclusive, and private sector-led growth underpinned by a diversified asset base. The country’s strategic goals are laid out in its development strategy - Azerbaijan 2020: vision for the future and other strategic documents that aim at reducing Azerbaijan’s dependence on oil and gas revenues and strengthening its resilience to external shocks through investments into diversified human capital, physical infrastructure, and stronger institutions. The CPF builds on the WBG systematic country diagnostic (SCD) for Azerbaijan and aligns its objectives with the constraints and priorities identified in the SCD. Over the past decade, Azerbaijan has made remarkable progress toward reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. In response to the emerging challenges and the mounting depreciation pressures, the government devalued the national currency and committed to fiscal consolidation. The CPF takes into account the government’s intention to optimize the external borrowing over the medium term as part of the ongoing effort to maintain fiscal sustainability. The CPF lending program will help Azerbaijan in meeting its development objectives through engagement in priority areas where the country’s ownership is strong...

Principles for Effective Insolvency and Creditor-Debtor Rights Systems, Revised 2015

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Insolvency Assessment
Português
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Effective creditor/debtor rights and insolvency systems are an important element of financial system stability. The World Bank Group accordingly has been working with partner organizations to develop principles for insolvency and creditor/debtor rights systems. The Principles for Effective Insolvency and Creditor/Debtor Rights Systems (the Principles) are a distillation of international best practice on design aspects of these systems, emphasizing contextual, integrated solutions and the policy choices involved in developing those solutions.Based on the experience gained from the use of the Principles, and following extensive consultations, the publication has been thoroughly reviewed and updated in 2005, 2011 and 2015. The revised Principles contained in this document have benefited from wide consultation and, more importantly, from the practical experience of using them in the context of the Bank’s assessment and operational work.

The provision of social benefits in state-owned, privatized and private firms in Poland

Estrin, S.; Schaffer, M. E.; Singh, I. J.
Fonte: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /02/1995 Português
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We use evidence from a survey of approximately 200 Polish state-owned, privatized, and de novo private manufacturing firms to investigate the nature and scope of enterprises-level provision of social benefits, and in particular how enterprise-level social provision is changing with transition, privatization and the emergence of the new private sector. We find that social provision remains surprisingly widespread, and has not been greatly reduced in either the state-owned or the privatized sectors. De novo private firms offer a substantially smaller but still significant range of social provision aside from ownership form are firm sized and employee power ( the latter are not explicitly via the union structure), both of which are associated with higher levels of social provision. Money wages and the provision of social benefits appear to be complementary rather than substitutes. Assets used for the provision of social benefits are concentrated in state-owned firms, but there is relatively little social asset disposal; the de novo private sector is expanding the range of social benefits offered but is not investing significantly in social assets. Social provision has been declining in state-owned firms, less so in privatized firms, and increasingly (modestly) in new private firms. On average the declines determinants of the pace of change aside from ownership form are the size of the firm and its profitability...