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Contribuição ao estudo da avaliação de risco e controles internos na auditoria de demonstrações contábeis no Brasil; Contribution to the study of risk evaluation and internal controls in financial statements auditing in Brazil

Antunes, Jerônimo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
O risco de emitir uma opinião tecnicamente incorreta sobre demonstrações contábeis é a preocupação fundamental dos auditores independentes no Brasil e no mundo. Para cercar-se de condições que lhes assegurem um julgamento confiável e adequado sobre o objeto de seus trabalhos, os auditores independentes aplicam diversos procedimentos técnicos, em busca de evidências claras, precisas e suficientes. Dentre tais procedimentos, destaca-se, pela relevância, o estudo, conhecimento e avaliação dos procedimentos de controle interno da empresa auditada. Os procedimentos empregados pelos auditores para avaliação dos sistemas de controles internos e dos riscos de auditoria das demonstrações contábeis assumem papel preponderante, uma vez que determinam a natureza, extensão e a oportunidade da realização de todos os demais exames de auditoria. Esta tecnologia de auditoria, para permitir análise e julgamento quanto à consecução dos seus objetivos, deve ser aplicada de forma ordenada e sistematizada, através de uma metodologia de trabalho. Quais são as normas brasileiras e internacionais que orientam ou regulam esta matéria? Quem são os organismos normatizadores? Qual a profundidade e eficácia destas normas brasileiras...

Republic of Tunisia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
This report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting, and auditing requirements and practices within the enterprise and financial sectors in Tunisia. The analysis of practices is based among others on the review of a sample of 16 financial statements prepared in accordance with Tunisian accounting standards, including 6 listed enterprise sector companies, 3 listed credit institutions and 3 insurance undertakings (of which 2 are listed). The assessment uses International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), International Standards on Auditing (ISA), and the relevant portions of European Union (EU) law (also known as the acquis communautaire) as benchmarks and draws on international experience and good practices in the field of accounting and audit regulation. As Tunisia deepens its partnership with the EU and becomes more integrated in the world market, the country monitors the development of the acquis communautaire and enacts legislation that draws upon it. This report recommends changes to law and regulations to align the statutory framework with evolving internationally accepted practices. As the new regulations come into force, priorities will then turn toward building the monitoring, supervisory, and disciplinary regimes necessary to ensure effective compliance.

Republic of Poland : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.6%
This report acknowledges the very significant progress achieved by Poland under the leadership of the Ministry of Finance, since publication of the first accounting and auditing ROSC report in July 2002. This report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting, and auditing requirements and practices within the enterprise and financial sectors in Poland. Companies are required to prepare their financial statements in conformity with Polish accounting requirements, based on the Fourth and Seventh European Union (EU) Company Law Directives, and provide a simplified financial reporting framework for small and medium sized enterprises. Banks are required to prepare their consolidated financial statements in conformity with endorsed International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), and their legal entity financial statements in conformity, either with accounting regulations set by the Minister of Finance based on the Banking Accounts Directive, or, with endorsed IFRS. Insurance companies are required to prepare their financial statements in conformity with accounting regulations set by the Minister of Finance based on the Insurance Accounts Directive. Companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange are required to prepare their consolidated financial statements in conformity with endorsed IFRS. This report recommends that public interest entities be required to prepare their consolidated financial statements in conformity with IFRS. Clearly...

Indonesia : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.65%
This report is part of a joint initiative of the World Bank and IMF to prepare Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). The ROSC Accounting and Auditing review for Indonesia mainly focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of the accounting and auditing environment that influences the quality of corporate financial reporting. It involves both a review of mandatory requirements and actual practices. The reference points of international standards used in this report are International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) International Standards on Auditing (ISA) and international experience and good practice in the field of accounting and auditing regulation. The methodology used to conduct the analytical work for preparing this report includes application of the ROSC Accounting and Auditing diagnostic review. Developed by the World Bank, the diagnostic template was complemented by a comprehensive due diligence exercise. The World Bank ROSC team met with key stakeholders involved in accounting and auditing and corporate reporting in Indonesia. Also...

Slovakia : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.64%
Slovak financial accountability systems are strongly influenced by the Communist past but must meet the needs of a European future. Fortunately, Slovakia has the benefit of laws and institutions pre-dating communism, easing the transition from one system to the other. Past influences are still strong: centralization, strong controls, and a uniform system of accounting based on a chart of accounts. In the future, Slovakia will need improved public financial management, fiscal decentralization, a more competitive economy, an effective capital market, and harmonization of standards with those of the European Union. A good start has been made on many fronts. But there is still tension between the culture of control and a more flexible policy based on standards, quality performance, accountability, and competition. Among the specific, required financial management actions, the report recommends ratifying the European Convention on money laundering, establishing a public procurement office and procurement monitoring procedures...

Kingdom of Morocco : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
This report provides an assessment of Moroccan accounting and auditing standards and practices, and the institutional capacity necessary to ensure high-quality financial reporting. The law gives accounting standard-setting responsibility to the National Accounting Council (Conseil National de la Comptabilité). Since the Council was established in 1989, Moroccan accounting standards have improved greatly. However, further progress is impeded by weaknesses in the accounting standard-setting process and, more so, by implementation issues. The Bank Al-Maghrib, Insurance and Social Welfare Directorate (Direction des Assurances et de la Prévoyance Sociales), and Securities Commission (Conseil Déontologique des Valeurs Mobilières) are responsible for monitoring the quality of financial information and the enforcement of accounting standards for credit institutions, insurance companies, and listed companies, respectively. While the Bank Al-Maghrib has established an institutional framework for bank monitoring that is more advanced than that of other sectors...

Kyrgyz Republic : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
This report has identified the following major issues in the public sector financial accountability of the Kyrgyz Republic: 1) weak internal controls in several areas such as treasury, budget implementation, procurement, human resources, accounting and reporting as evidenced by large amounts o f illegal unintended expenditures, embezzlements and other financial offences reported by the external auditor; 2) weak cash management as the treasury cash rations on a day-to-day basis, which creates uncertainty for budget institutions in implementing their plans; 3) absence of a legal basis for internal audit in the public sector; 4) weak capacity in the C A for carrying out effective financial audits and focusing attention on the basis of risk assessment; 5) weak capacity in line ministries to undertake systematic budgeting exercise; 6) budget monitoring is limited to monitoring of fiscal targets as little attention is paid to assessment of program effectiveness; 6) lack of systematic management accounting and weak capacity in departmental management to absorb and use management accounting data in decision making and management processes; 7) weak capacity in the parliamentary committees to provide effective legislative oversight over the executive; and 8) inadequate accountability arrangements for public enterprises. Key Recommendations offered in the short term involve: 1) strengthening internal controls and the treasury cash management function; 2) establishing daily reconciliation of consolidated district treasury payment requests; 3) reconciling daily revenue collections; and 4) granting authority to the Chamber of Accounts (CA) to perform interim post audits. In the long term the Government should: 1) enact the Law on Public Sector Internal Audit and build internal audit capacity; 2) establish effective internal audit structures in the line ministries; 3) prepare rules and methodology for conducting internal audits in the public sector; 4) provide extensive training; 5) require internal auditors to carry out detailed assessments of internal controls; 6) require the CA to certify the year-end financial statements of the government; 7) make the process of appointment of the Chairman of the CA transparent; 8) discontinue the special means provisions; and 9) clearly define the accountability of public enterprises.

Peru : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.78%
The report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting, and auditing practices within the corporate sector in Peru, using International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks, drawing on international experience and best practices in that field. This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) Accounting & Auditing review included the analysis of a sample of 20 published audited financial statements, and found that financial reporting standards broadly complied with by Peruvian corporations, although a number of cases of departures from IAS, and possibly from ISA, were noted. This points the need to strengthen the enforcement of financial reporting and auditing requirements for entities of public interest. The review also noted that existing arrangements for the licensing of auditors do not provide compulsory minimum academic course content in accounting and auditing, nor do they include professional examination; moreover, continuing education requirements are not effectively followed. This is detrimental to the quality of the accounting and audit practice in the country. The lack of quality control of auditors is also a cause of serious concern. The report offers several policy recommendations aimed at strengthening the regulatory framework governing accounting and auditing...

Financial Sector Assessment Program - Albania : Corporate Sector Financial Reporting

World Bank; International Monetary Fund
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.58%
This note is prepared as part of the financial sector assessment program (FSAP). Its main objective is to describe the status and recent developments in corporate financial reporting framework in Albania and highlight key issues relevant to financial sector. The note represents a technical annex to the main FSAP aide-memoire and seeks to provide a high level overview of developments since the 2006 accounting and auditing report on the observance of standards and codes (A and A ROSC), and highlight the areas that are most relevant to the financial sector. Notable progress has been made in developing modern corporate financial reporting framework in Albania since 2006, especially in improving the statutory framework and efforts to align it with the European Union (EU) acquis communautaire. The major consequences are that there is limited financial information on corporate entities available on the market that is reliable for economic decision making or supervision of financial sector entities. The capacity and skills of institutions responsible for accounting and auditing regulation...

Strengthening Financial Reporting Regimes and the Accountancy Profession and Practices in Selected Caribbean Countries

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.64%
The main objectives of this report are to: (a) provide a synthesized analysis of financial reporting and auditing standards and practices across the countries in which the Institute of Chartered Accountants of the Caribbean (ICAC) is active and (b) provide a basis for recommendations to ICAC and respective national institutes for a regional strategy to enhance the accounting profession and the accounting and auditing practices in the public and private sectors. This report’s focus on reforms and identification of areas and means to strengthen the accounting profession have at their root the conviction that systemic enhancements to the standards and practices of the profession can materially improve the lives of the region’s populace, particularly its less prosperous citizens, through greater transparency, strengthened economic growth and its attendant employment and tax revenue prospects, and greater access to financing for and formalization of the region’s dominant sector-micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). The report finds that a constraint limiting both investment across the region...

Federal financial reform. Policy formulation to implementation: research into relationships between the president's management agenda scorecard, federal audited financial statements, and the GAO high risk list

Lind, Andrew W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: 63 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.71%
MBA Professional Report; Congress enacted several laws in the 1990s directed at financial reform within the federal government. Numerous reports and systems have been developed to provide measures of agency success against the goals of these reforms. An analysis of trends and interrelationships between three of these major federal financial oversight systems is warranted. Through analysis of the President's Management Agenda Scorecard, Audited Federal Financial Statements, and Government Accountability Office High Risk List a framework will be developed that signals organization success with respect to these measures. This will further the identification of individual agencies which exhibit success or failure within this framework. Ultimately, it will help determine whether financial accountability is an indicator of performance and results in these federal financial systems.; US Air Force (USAF) author.

Sierra Leone : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.51%
This report provides an assessment of accounting and auditing practices in Sierra Leone with reference to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) requirements issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) issued by the International Federation of Accountants. This assessment is positioned within the broader context of the country's institutional framework and capacity needed to ensure the quality of corporate financial reporting. Efforts are necessary for strengthening the capacity of the regulators and ensuring compliance with applicable standards and codes. The accounting and auditing practices in Sierra Leone need to develop in line with a growing economy, as well as with international best practice. With the exception of banks and similar financial institutions, there is no legal mandate for other corporate entities to follow IFRS in preparation of financial statements and ISA in conducting audits. There are varying compliance gaps in both accounting and auditing practices. These gaps are likely to stem from lack of clearer understanding of professional accountants, inadequate technical capacities of the regulators, absence of implementation guidance, lack of independent oversight of the auditing profession...

West Bank and Gaza : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
This CFAA is able to report major improvements in the public financial management (PFM) system of the West Bank and Gaza (WB&G) in the period since mid-2002. Recent areas of improvement are in budgeting (both development and execution) and in fiscal transparency. Other PFM include the following: 1) All Palestinian Authority (PA) revenues are now paid into the Central Treasury Account (the CTA), a single treasury account which brings together all government revenues and provides a single pool of funds out of which all expenditures are paid. 2) An orderly system of budgetary appropriation is now in force. 3) Reflecting these new and improved processes, the budget speeches and extensive background budget data are posted on a regular basis on the Ministry of Finance's (MOF) external website, itself a symbol of a new approach to transparency and improved budget management. 4) MOF is exercising firm control over budget expenditures - with the obvious caveat that the chronic post-September 2000 shortage of Budget funds has led to strict limits on non-wage expenditures and to continuous ad hoc adjustments...

Fundamentals of Financial Statements Audit

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.76%
The purpose of an audit is to enhance the degree of confidence of intended users in the financial statements. The objective of an audit of financial statements is to enable an auditor to express an opinion as to whether the financial statements are prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards or another identified financial reporting framework. The auditor's opinion is expressed in by using the phrase 'give a true and fair view' or 'present fairly, in all material respects'. The auditor and the client's management have separate and distinct responsibilities. The auditor is responsible for forming and expressing an opinion on the financial statements. The client's management, on the other hand, bears responsibility for preparing and presenting the financial statements. Management's responsibilities are not relieved by the fact that the statements are audited. An auditor must comply with general principles of an audit. These require an auditor to: 1) comply with the 'Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants' issued by the IFAC (or a national Code of Ethics...

India : Note on Financial Accountability Systems of Selected State Level Power Sector Entities

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.64%
This study on financial accountability systems of selected state level power sector entities for India examines and highlights systemic issues of accounting, financial reporting, auditing, disclosure practices as well as capacity and policy gaps in state power sector entities. Sustainable recommendations have been developed to remove roadblocks and strengthen financial management, reporting and disclosure practices. Review and analysis of public material, financial statements, surveys and discussions with stakeholders have been used to understand operational practices and to report on the level of subsidies and return on investment. Finally, the study focuses on consensus building with stakeholders on key issues and solutions. The purpose of the recommendations is to advise the Bank and stakeholders, feeding into the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), on the quality of corporate governance, reporting and management answerability for public investment ' in the power sector.

The World Bank Annual Report 2002; Banque Mondial rapport annuel 2002*Banco Mundial informe anual 2002; Volume 2. Financial Statements and Appendixes

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: World Bank Annual Report; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
This annual report covers the period from July 1, 2001, to June 30, 2002, and is prepared by the Executive Directors of both the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The first of two volumes discusses the World Bank's goals and strategies; overviews Bank activities in fiscal year 2002; examines progress on the Millennium Development Goals and project and loan performance; addresses the social, institutional, and economic dimensions of poverty; presents regional analyses of Bank operations; and provides organizational information. The second volume comprises the complete Management's Discussion and Analysis, audited financial statments of the IBRD and IDA, and appendixes.

The World Bank Annual Report 2001; Volume 2. Financial Statements and Appendixes

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: World Bank Annual Report
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
This Annual Report covers the period from July 1, 2000, to June 30, 2001, and details the World Bank strategy for meeting the poverty challenge. After the Introduction, Chapter 1 provides an overview of Bank activities in 2001 that focused on multi-dimensional support, improved development effectiveness, increased funding volume, formalized the country business model, evolved country assistance strategies by preparing them in consultation, developed investment vehicles to support low-income countries, created a task force to consider the response to the needs of middle-income countries, developed an innovative IBRD and IDA program and project lending to support strong national programs, assessment of the Strategic Compact, the use of the World Bank Institute to empower through knowledge and setting out a strategic framework for future directions. Chapter 2 describes the role of the Board of Executive Directors. Chapter 3 examines the thematic issues the Bank is tackling, such as addressing the social, institutional...

Moldova : Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.53%
Financial reporting and auditing practices in Moldova's corporate sector are currently in a period of transition from providing for tax calculation and statistical needs to convergence with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and International Standards on Auditing (ISA). This report draws upon recent international experience in developed economies and EU accession countries as well as expected amendments to EU Directives. The review found that, except in the banking sector, the current level of compliance with financial reporting obligations is inadequate, and that the quality of the financial reporting is low. In that context, the report recommends the following actions: (i) the capacity of regulatory agencies for enforcing accounting standards and financial reporting requirements to all entities of public interest - including large state-owned enterprises - should be increased; (ii) a public registry should be set-up for all public-interest companies to file their financial statements; and (iii) an independent oversight board of auditors should be established under the soon-to-be-issued new Audit Law...

FYR Macedonia: Accounting and Auditing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.51%
This report is on institutional arrangements for observing the International Accounting Standards (IAS) and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia). The current Trade Company Law requires all entities to comply with a translated 1999 volume of IAS. The Government is currently preparing a new Trade Company Law and has taken proactive steps to update the translation of IAS, which is expected to resolve existing deficiencies. In practice, compliance with IAS is not effectively enforced. Most of the financial statements reviewed by the ROSC team were of such poor quality as to preclude investors and other users from judging whether a company's securities were a sound investment; nor could the documents be relied on for other decision-making purposes. This report recommends that public interest entities be required to use IAS. It also recommends that small- and medium-size enterprises be allowed to use a reporting framework more adapted to their size. This report also recommends strengthening accounting standards enforcement mechanisms in order to enhance compliance with the law and provide investors and other users of financial statements with reliable financial reporting. Furthermore...

DETERMINANTES DO PRAZO DE DIVULGAÇÃO DAS DEMONSTRAÇÕES CONTÁBEIS DAS COMPANHIAS NÃO FINANCEIRAS LISTADAS NA BOVESPA; Determinants of Financial Statements Delay: An analysis of non-financial firms listed in BM&FBOVESPA

Barcellos, Leonardo Portugal; Costa Júnior, Jorge Vieira da; Laurence, Luiz da Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.45%
Esta pesquisa teve o propósito principal de fornecer evidências empíricas acerca dos fatores que influenciam as decisões dos gestores quanto ao prazo de divulgação das demonstrações contábeis anuais das companhias não financeiras listadas na BM&FBOVESPA. O prazo de divulgação, chamado defasagem, foi medido como o intervalo em dias entre o encerramento do exercício social e a data da primeira apresentação das Demonstrações Financeiras Padronizadas (DFPs). O foco da pesquisa foi a influência, sobre a defasagem, dos seguintes fatores não observáveis: monitoramento, complexidade contábil, governança corporativa, relatório de auditoria e performance. Para a consecução dos objetivos, foram estimados modelos econométricos por meio dos métodos: (i) Mínimos Quadrados Ordinários (MQO) com dados em corte transversal; (ii) MQO com dados agrupados (OLS pooled); e (iii) painel de dados. Os testes foram aplicados sobre um painel balanceado de dados, ou seja, 644 observações de 322 companhias, referentes aos exercícios 2010 e 2011. Os resultados das estimações revelaram que tendem a divulgar mais rapidamente companhias: (i) com maior número de acionistas; (ii) com maior nível de endividamento; (iii) que aderiram a um entre os níveis diferenciados de governança corporativa da BM&FBOVESPA; (iv) que possuem maiores proporções de diretores independentes na composição da diretoria (board); e (v) que foram auditadas por uma entre as firmas de auditoria do grupo Big-4. Por outro lado...