Página 1 dos resultados de 1912 itens digitais encontrados em 0.012 segundos

The World Bank Contribution to Private Participation in Infrastructure

Karasapan, Omer
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
The World Bank operations over the past seven years have included substantial activities in support of private participation in infrastructure (PPI). The author shows that, in keeping with its mandate, the Bank has focused primarily on policy-related PPI support, for example, to establish an appropriate legal and regulatory environment and on the least developed regions, especially Africa.

Strengthening Environmental Institutions and Governance : What Should be the Role of the World Bank Group?

Eltz, Melanie; Narain, Urvashi; Orfie, Alessandro; Schneider, Robert
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.39%
In order to inform the 2010 Strategy, and suggest what role the World Bank Group (WBG) can realistically play in strengthening environmental institutions and governance, this paper takes stock of WBG operations in this area since the 2001 Strategy. Looking across the spectrum of lending and nonlending operations, the first task is to identify the approaches which have been used to engage with clients. The analysis then evaluates whether these approaches have incorporated lessons from past WBG experience, and reflect current understanding of how best to enable environmental institutions and governance reforms. The analysis indicates that the WBG has undertaken two main types of activities in the area of environmental institutions and governance: assessments (of environmental conditions, and institutional and governance structures) and lending operations geared towards technical capacity development. The chief point of entry for these operations has been government ministries, and secondarily civil society organizations.The analysis also indicated that a new approach would be needed to ensure a long-term commitment on the part of the WBG...

Brazil : Forging a Strategic Partnership for Results, An OED Evaluation of World Bank Assistance

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.24%
Brazil entered the 1990s suffering the consequences of a lost decade of high inflation and slow growth. Between 1980 and 1990, per capita income declined in real terms, and the share of the population in extreme poverty rose from 16.5 to 19 percent -and from 36 to 42 percent in the Northeast. Income distribution worsened. Key social indicators improved little, particularly in the Northeast. These adverse conditions persisted in the early 1990s because the government failed to stabilize the economy and to articulate a development agenda. Conditions improved only with the success of the 1994 Real Plan. Stabilization contributed to a decline in poverty and enabled the government to articulate a development agenda with clear goals for education and other sectors during the remainder of the 1990s.

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Post-Conflict Reconstruction and the Transition to a Market Economy, An OED Evaluation of World Bank Support

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
Following three years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), during which over 10 percent of the population were killed or wounded, and over half of the population displaced, a peace agreement, the Dayton Accords (DA), was negotiated in November 1995. The DA acknowledged the bitter ethnic divides that led to war by establishing a government structure with a weak central State; the ethnically based Entities (the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska) retained political, military, and economic authority. The DA also provided for a strong international police and military presence and an international overseer-the Office of the High Representative (OHR). Although this structure was a necessary political compromise at the time of the DA, it has presented difficult challenges to the Bank as well as other donors.

World Bank Support for Social Safety Nets 2007-2013 : A Review of Financing, Knowledge Services, and Results

Andrews, Colin; Kryeziu, Adea; Seo, Dahye
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
This review examines World Bank support to social safety nets between FY2007-13, including both financing and knowledge services. During this time period World Bank financing for safety nets totaled just over United States (U.S.) 12 billion dollars, 273 financing activities in 93 countries, the World Bank spent approximately U.S. 118 million dollars on 281 safety net studies and supported approximately 129 credible safety net impact evaluations covering in 24 countries. Among the 93 countries represented in the portfolio, 42 received little or no safety net support from the World Bank prior to FY2007. The growth in Bank support is especially notable during the period of the food, fuel, and financial crises. The analysis delves into these trends by region, type of intervention, and instruments involved. Finally, it delineates implications and outlook for the future based on lessons learned, results measured, and evaluative evidence.

World Bank Lending for Financial Inclusion

Kumar, Anjali; Narain, Sushma; Rubbani, Swizen
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
The purpose of the paper is to present a more granular view of such projects through the in-depth focus on a limited number of case studies, with a view to understanding what factors in the design of such lending have helped achieve objectives of expanded access, and what forms of interventions may have been less successful. It examines the nature of Bank lending vehicles, the partnering borrower institutions, the country environments in which its loans were extended, as well as broader elements of good practice that make for loan success. It examines the beneficiaries targeted and results achieved. It aims to draws lessons that suggest what factors could lead to success or failure in Bank operations focused on financial access. The remainder of the paper is organized as follows: section two briefly describes the set of the Bank s projects selected for detailed review. Sections three to six contain the core findings of the review. Section 3 focuses on alternative forms of borrower institutions that have served as vehicles for Bank projects...

The Effectiveness of World Bank Support for Community-Based and -Driven Development; Efficacite de l'appui de la Banque mondiale au developpement de proximite et au developpement mene par la communaute ; La eficacia del apoyo del Banco Mundial para el desarrollo basado en la comunidad e irnpulsado por la comunidad : una evaluacion del GEI

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
This report analyzes the effectiveness of the World Bank's lending support for the growing area of community-based development (CBD) and community-driven development (CDD). The latter supports the empowerment of the poor by giving communities control over subproject resources and decisions, while CBD gives communities less responsibility and emphasizes collaboration, consultation, or sharing information with them on project activities. Since the late 1990s, the focus of Bank-supported CBD/CDD projects has shifted toward CDD, though many CDD projects also include CBD components.

Evaluation of World Bank Assistance to Pacific Member Countries, 1992-2002

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
The nine Pacific Member Countries (PMCs) of the World Bank Group are Fiji Islands, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga , and Vanuatu. This evaluation covers Bank assistance to the PMCs since 1992. The Country Assistance Evaluation (CAE) examines whether:(a) the objectives of Bank and International Development Association (IDA) assistance were relevant; (b) the Bank's assistance program was effectively designed and consistent with its objectives; and (c) the Bank's program achieved its objectives and had a substantial impact on the country's development during this period. Examining these questions allows the CAE to draw lessons and offer recommendations for future Bank assistance. Annex F describes the methodological approach.

A Review of Selected Hydrology Topics to Support Bank Operations

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
The World Bank's 2004 Water Resources Sector Strategy focused on the need for both water resources management and development in dealing with growth and poverty alleviation. Planning and design of new hydraulic infrastructure for water supply and sanitation, food production, hydropower generation, flood protection, ecosystem restoration or other such purposes require dealing with all elements in the interaction among land, water, vegetation, human intervention and climate variability and change, with an emphasis on the end-user. They also require the simultaneous consideration of technical, economic, institutional (governance), political, financial, environmental and social factors, as called for in the Bank s 1993 Water Resources Management Policy. To provide high-level insight on the key hydrology issues involved, a group of world class experts gathered at a workshop held at World Bank Headquarters in November 2008. The workshop was organized by the Hydrology Expert Facility (HEF) of the Water Anchor. The presenters discussed advancements in key hydrologic topics that were selected for their relevance to Bank operations. The focus was on potential implications for the Bank s development assistance on water projects...

Biennial Report on Operations Evaluation in IFC 2008 : Enhancing Monitoring and Evaluation for Better Results

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
The Biennial Report on Operations Evaluation (BROE) in International Finance Corporation (IFC) assesses the adequacy, coverage, and quality of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in IFC and makes recommendations for improvements going forward. It covers IFC management's M&E of its performance and also IEG's independent evaluation activities. In the last three years, IFC has made advances in monitoring and evaluating its performance: (i) new M&E tools have been introduced to cover all active investments and advisory services operations; and (ii) the use of M&E results in informing IFC strategy and in linking incentives to project results has grown. The report recommends that IFC management and Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) develop more robust and consistent metrics for monitoring and assessing IFC's additionality and development impact at the sector and country levels, as IFC transitions to a more programmatic approach in its interventions.

Economies in Transition : An OED Evaluation of World Bank Assistance

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Since 1989 the transition countries of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) have undertaken massive reforms of their economic systems, transforming institutions, processes, attitudes, and fundamental concepts of individual and organizational behavior. This report uses the benefit of 20/20 hindsight to evaluate the World Bank ' s assistance to 26 countries in the ECA Region in the hopes that the lessons that emerge will prove useful in countries undergoing similar, if less extreme, transitions in the future. It is a meta-evaluation, largely based on previous evaluative reports, including Country Assistance Evaluations, project assessments, and other OED and Bank documents. A number of background papers were commissioned for this study (see Annex B). Five thematic papers provide much of the analysis for this report. Three country papers prepared by consultants and former government officials present the borrowers ' point of view; they are supplemented by borrower comments on OED reports and by client surveys carried out as part of a Bank wide program. Additional material is provided by a review of the literature on international assistance to the transition...

The World Bank Annual Report 2002; Banque Mondial rapport annuel 2002*Banco Mundial informe anual 2002; Volume 1. Main report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: World Bank Annual Report; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
This annual report covers the period from July 1, 2001, to June 30, 2002, and is prepared by the Executive Directors of both the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The first of two volumes discusses the World Bank's goals and strategies; overviews Bank activities in fiscal year 2002; examines progress on the Millennium Development Goals and project and loan performance; addresses the social, institutional, and economic dimensions of poverty; presents regional analyses of Bank operations; and provides organizational information. The second volume comprises the complete Management's Discussion and Analysis, audited financial statments of the IBRD and IDA, and appendixes.

The World Bank Annual Report 2002; Banque Mondial rapport annuel 2002*Banco Mundial informe anual 2002; Volume 2. Financial Statements and Appendixes

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: World Bank Annual Report; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
This annual report covers the period from July 1, 2001, to June 30, 2002, and is prepared by the Executive Directors of both the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The first of two volumes discusses the World Bank's goals and strategies; overviews Bank activities in fiscal year 2002; examines progress on the Millennium Development Goals and project and loan performance; addresses the social, institutional, and economic dimensions of poverty; presents regional analyses of Bank operations; and provides organizational information. The second volume comprises the complete Management's Discussion and Analysis, audited financial statments of the IBRD and IDA, and appendixes.

Bank Regulation and Supervision around the World : A Crisis Update

Čihák, Martin; Demirgüç-Kunt, Aslı; Pería, María Soledad Martinez; Mohseni-Cheraghlou, Amin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
This paper presents the latest update of the World Bank Bank Regulation and Supervision Survey, and explores two questions. First, were there significant differences in regulation and supervision between crisis and non-crisis countries? Second, what aspects of regulation and supervision changed significantly during the crisis period? The paper finds significant differences between crisis and non-crisis countries in several aspects of regulation and supervision. In particular, crisis countries (a) had less stringent definitions of capital and lower actual capital ratios, (b) faced fewer restrictions on non-bank activities, (c) were less strict in the regulatory treatment of bad loans and loan losses, and (d) had weaker incentives for the private sector to monitor banks' risks. Survey results also suggest that the overall regulatory response to the crisis has been slow, and there is room to improve regulation and supervision, as well as private incentives to monitor risk-taking. Specifically, comparing regulatory and supervisory practices before and after the global crisis...

Adolescent Health and Development (AHD) : A Resource Guide for World Bank Operations Staff and Government Counterparts

Rosen, James E.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
This resource guide begins with an overview of AHD issues, laying out the case for governments to direct attention and resources to AHD. It discusses good practices to improve a range of youth health outcomes. The next section focuses on the relationship between poverty and young people's health and outlines strategies to provide health services to poor youth. The final section of the guide examines the current efforts of the World Bank to promote AHD. Technical appendixes provide further examples and concrete information for use in project design and analysis. More information will be found on the Bank's AHD website, which is currently under development. The guide supports the effort to better integrate adolescent health and development (AHD) concerns into the analytic and lending work of the World Bank. It also has been created to give Bank staff members essential information with which to engage their counterparts in policy dialogue on AHD and to advocate for greater government attention to the needs of youth. Increasing the effectiveness of Bank efforts directed at AHD will help the Bank to improve the health and well-being of youth in developing countries. The main audience for the guide is Bank operations staff members and government counterparts associated with poverty reduction strategies and human development sector projects. External Bank partners and other organizations interested in youth may also find the guide useful.

World Bank Operations Evaluation Department : The First 30 Years

Grasso, Patrick G.; Wasty, Sulaiman S.; Weaving, Rachel V.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
During the course of 2002-03 the Bank's Operations Evaluation Department (OED) held a series of major events, including seminars and workshops, leading up to the thirtieth anniversary of the founding of OED by Robert McNamara on July 1, 1973. This volume captures the history of OED as related by many of those who participated in making that history. It is divided into four sections. The first part is drawn from a series of presentations made by former directors-general, Operations Evaluation, and senior OED managers. It relates, in roughly chronological presentations, the development of OED from an experimental program to a major department with a record of accomplishment and influence within the Bank and beyond. The second part presents perspectives on OED from two of its most important internal constituencies-the Board of Executive Directors and senior Bank management. Part three considers OED's relationships with its external constituents, including its work on developing evaluation capacity among client countries and its evaluation partnerships with other development organizations. Finally...

Congo, Democratic Republic of - Enhanced Integration Framework Program (EIF) : diagnostic trade integration study; Republique Democratique du Congo - Programme Cadre Integre Renforce (CIR) : etude diagnostique sur l'integration du commerce

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Foreign Trade, FDI, and Capital Flows Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
The goal of the Congo, Democratic Republic of (DRC's) trade policy is to create a regulatory, fiscal and institutional environment in which domestic and foreign trade can develop unhindered, opening up the country's vast territory and integrating it into regional and international trade channels. In this respect, the analyses in this report highlight three priorities: (i) to streamline and reduce port taxation; (ii) to conclude the negotiations on a future Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the European Union (EU); and (iii) to move ahead with regional integration with the DRC's natural partners. The identification of these priorities is based on the diagnosis of the DRC's macroeconomic and trade performance and the implications of its choices in terms of trade policy Although it is sometimes said that natural resources are 'a curse' when referring to the disappointing performance of many commodity-exporting countries, work carried out recently has .shown that an abundance of natural resources is not...

Bulgaria Policy Note : Financial Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
This report describes developments in the banking sector. The banking sector has remained stable throughout the ongoing financial crisis, although profitability is declining. Indicators suggest that banks are generally sound. It next describes the state of funding of bank operations, including wholesale bank funding. In response to financial stress, The Bulgarian National Bank's (BNB) actions have helped to ensure financial stability in the banking sector. In order to boost confidence, deposit insurance has increased. External funding dynamics are generally good. Foreign currency mismatches are substantial, and the corporate sector has high direct foreign currency exposure, mostly in euros. Short-term external debt (deposits and borrowings) of banks almost doubled within a year in 2008, and account for close to 80 percent of banks' external debt. Regarding recent trends in credit to the enterprise sector, going forward, demand for banking credit, and especially investment finance, will fall, in line with the economic downturn. In equity market developments...

Improving the World Bank's Development Effectiveness : What Does Evaluation Show?

World Bank Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
The pace of change in the overall performance of the developing world has not altered markedly over the past 20 years. The number of people living in extreme poverty declined from 1.5 billion in 1980 (40 percent of population), to 1.2 billion in 1990 (28 percent of population), to 1.1 billion in 2001 (21 percent of population). Growth per capita has followed much the same profile. In the 1980s, only about two-thirds of developing countries showed positive per capita income growth, and this percentage remains unchanged. Life expectancy and literacy indicators show overall improvements, but some regions show worrisome trends. There has been slow and steady progress in overall development outcomes during the period, but the speed and scale of change remain static. These averages, of course, mask huge differences across regions, with very worrisome increases in poverty and continued low growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Bank has transformed itself significantly in the past 10 years, and should be ready for further adjustments to current climate of rapid change. Greater selectivity...

Learning and Results in World Bank Operations : How the Bank Learns, Evaluation 1

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.39%
Knowledge, learning, and innovation are one of eight objectives that will be monitored in the Bank's new strategy. The independent evaluation group (IEG) is conducting a program of learning and results evaluations to promote a better understanding of how the World Bank acquires, captures, and transfers knowledge and learning in its lending operations, and what scope there is for improving. The objective of the program is to delineate attributes of effective learning in World Bank lending. These attributes refer to learning into lending (inputs into project design); learning while lending (feedback and modifications of design and implementation while the project is underway); and learning from lending (lessons from the project that were transmitted to other projects). The evaluation program will assess how the Bank can become better at generating, accessing, and using learning and knowledge in its lending operations. It acknowledges the importance of the feedback from knowledge to learning and from learning back to enhanced knowledge. The report is organized as follows: chapter one gives approach and context. Chapter two explores two essential aspects of learning - knowledge exploitation and knowledge exploration and the factors influencing them. Chapter three examines the contribution of mentoring. Chapter four addresses the extent to which incentives...